18outlook interview18 January 2002focusfashion sciencewww.varsity.cam.ac.ukEncounter with a volunteer cyborgJochen L Leidner reviews Kevin Warwick’s guest lecture at Trinity and discovers the weird world of cyborgsKevin Warwick, the first human ever tohave a non-medical artificial transmitterimplanted under his skin, says he wassimply curious about how it would feelto have an artificial part to his body. Soin 1998 he found out. For a couple ofdays, he lived with a tiny device thatsent out signals location signals aroundhis lab. His computer would greet himaccordingly when he walked into theoffice.Next month Dr Warwick, theProfessor of Cybernetics at ReadingUniversity, is to volunteer for a secondimplantation experiment. If his university’sethics committee agrees, he wantsto have a battery-driven sensor-actordevice implanted into his left arm so hecan record and 'play back' neural data. Ifthis works, he wants his wife Irena tohave a similar operation performed onher, so he could have signals from herarm transferred to his and vice versa. Hisultimate aims lie with the idea of hybridhuman-machine beings, and he wants tosee them realised as soon as possible.The term cybernetics was coined in1934 from the Greek for ‘helmsman’ toname a young interdisciplinary fieldaiming to establish a unified theory ofregulation and control in systems. Theconcept of a cyborg (from 'cyberneticorganism') was first used in 1960 todescribe hybrids which might be usefulas assistants during long space travels inthe future. So where does man end andcyborg begin? What about wearing spectacles,implanting a transmitter, or havingan artificial heart? To really becomea cyborg, Warwick thinks there must beinteraction between biology and device,and the human being should be ‘extended’in some way, for example by improvingperception or memory.Warwick aims to invent devices thatcan be controlled just by the operatorthinking about using it in a particularway. He screened a video showing theeffects on a patient with Parkinson’s diseaseof installing an implant to counteractabnormal neural impulses. Beforethe device was switched on the subjectcould not walk or stand unaided andshowed characteristic Parkinsoniantremors. When the switch was thrown,he stood up, walked around and showedno signs of illness. But although somesimilar products (such as a brain-controlledcomputer mouse) have alreadybeen commercially developed for peoplewith disabilities, we cannot hope for furtherdevelopments until we gain a moredetailed model for how the brain works.At the moment, nobody knows wherespecific thoughts are located within thebrain and how thoughts are related tothe electro-chemical signals we canobserve using scanning machines.This type of work raises several interestingquestions about the nature of ourbrains and our thoughts. Would it bepossible to communicate brain-to-brain,without having to encode our thoughtsmechanically, by producing sounds, gesturesor written letters? Could weremote-control our cars or other technicaldevices with just our thoughts, and ifso, how could we clearly distinguishbetween a fleeting notion which isn’tintended to cause any action and a‘thought-command?’ Remember, evenCaptain Kirk had to touch theEnterprise logo on his shirt or say'Computer' to signal the start of a communicationsevent. It is hoped thatresearch into thought-controlled devicescould shed some light on the question ofwhether there is an internal language ofthought that is distinct from the languagewe emit or whether we ratherthink in and with our native human languageonly.To Dr Warwick, his experiment is afirst step that needs to be done in orderto know more about cyborg life and,eventually, to enter a new age. He iswilling to face possible long term injuryincluding loss of feeling, paralysis orcontinual pain should the implantsadversely affect his nervous system. Ashe said during the lecture, "The excitementof looking over the horizon into anew world – the world of cyborgs – faroutweighs the risks."When Kevin Warwick underwent an operation to have this tiny transmitter implantedunder his arm, he claimed it made him into the closest thing we have to a cyborg.
LISTINGS18 January 200219www.varsity.cam.ac.uk18/01/02FRIDAY 18FILM• ARTS:1.30, 4.00, 6.30, 9.00 MONSOONWEDDING (15)2.10, 5.20, 8.30 VA SAVOIR (PG)12.45, 7.00 AMELIE (15)3.00 SECTIONE SPECIALE (15)5.10, 9.10 ELOGE DE L'AMOUR(PG)10.50pm LAPUTA (15)MISC• Cambridge Dancer’s Club:Beginners Ballroom Classes, Tu-Thu,arrive 7.15pm. St Columba’s ChurchHalls, Downing Place, Off PembrokeSt. 1pm. £1.20.• Cambridge Union: Comedy night atUnion Bar, with Footlight performances.Union Society, Union Bar. 8:30pm.• Hughes Hall Ents: WELCOME BACKBOP - Cheese and cheap drinks.Hughes Hall, Bar. 9pm. £Free for HH,£2 non-HH.• Jewish Society: FRIDAY NIGHT DIN-NER - eat, drink and relax. Includingwine to welcome everyone back. . studentcentre, Thompson’s Lane.7:30pm.• www.cambridgesalsa.com: Salsadance classes every Friday. Absolutebeginners/improv.6-7.30pm. Interm/advanced 7.30-Auditions For The MusicalGodspellA Week Seven Production atFitzwilliam CollegeAuditions to be held at10 – 3 Saturday 19th January12 – 3 Sunday 20th JanuaryIn the Fitz Music RoomPlease Come with a Song PreparedFor Further Information Please ContactJack Ashby (Producer) jda26or Laura Bowers (Director) lb266CUMS CONDUCTORAUDITIONS 2002CUMS invites conductors toapply for the posts of AssistantConductor Conductor CUMSII Wind Orchestra Conductorfor the Academic Year2002/2003The auditions will be held onWednesday 6 February, when you willbe asked to work with CUMS 2 forabout 12 minutes on the last movementof Tchaikowsky's 5th symphony.Please apply by sending your letter ofapplication and CV to the CUMSsecretary by 26 January:Maggie Heywood,firstname.lastname@example.orgTel/Fax 01223 365110Check out details atwww.cums.org.uk9pm. St Columbas Halls 4 DowningPlace, Camb. CB1, St Columbas Halls.6pm. £5 studensts £4.MUSIC• Kettles Yard: LUNCHTIME CON-CERT. Free concerts programmedby students. Kettle’s Yard, .1:10pm.• The Junction CDC: BoogieWonderland: 70s and 80s DiscoExtravaganza 10 -2am. TheJunction , 10pm. £3.50/5.50advand after 11.THEATRE• Wicked Theatre/Big Jacket:AUDITIONS: SHOPPING +F***ING[week 5 show CCCPlayroom].Robinson College, check p’lodgefor room. 2pm.SATURDAY 19FILM• ARTS11am KIDS CLUB DR DOLITTLE 2 (PG)1.30, 4.00, 6.30, 9.00 MON-SOON WEDDING (15)2.10, 5.20, 8.30 VA SAVOIR (PG)12.45, 7.00 AMELIE (15)3.00 L'ESPOIR (PG)5.10, 9.10 ELOGE DE L'AMOUR (PG)10.50pm LAPUTA (15)CUMS CONCERTOCOMPETITION2002CUMS invites instrumentalists toaudition for the opportunity toplay a concerto with one of ourorchestras during the academicyear 2002/2003.Applicants shouldstill be studying at Cambridge duringthat year.Apply by sending your recital programmelasting not more than 12minutes, plus your performance CV,to the CUMS secretary by Jan 26th:Maggie Heywood,email@example.comTel/Fax 01223 365110The competition will be held on12 and/or 15 February.Check out details atwww.cums.org.ukCLARE HALL, CAMBRIDGETANNER LECTURESSEAMUS HEANEY“Staying Power”Monday 4th February 2002, 5.00pmHomiletic Elegy: Beowulf and Wilfred OwenLady Mitchell Hall, Sidgwick Site, CambridgeTuesday 5th February 2002, 4.00pmOn Pastoral: Starting from VirgilLady Mitchell Hall, Sidgwick Site, CambridgeTuesday 5th February 2002, 5.45pmOn Pastoral: Eclogues inextremisLady Mitchell Hall, Sidgwick Site, CambridgeWednesday 6th February 2002, 10.00am – 4.00pmFull day discussion SeminarThe Auditorium, Robinson College, CambridgeMISC• Cambridge Dancer’s Club:Beginners Ballroom Classes, Tu-Thu, arrive 7.15pm. St Columba’sChurch Halls, Downing Place, OffPembroke St. 1pm. £1.20.• Cambridge University JudoClub: Open to all men and women.Fenner’s Gym, Gresham Road.6pm.• CUCDW: BREAKIN’ WORKSHOPWITH THE SIN CRU. Park SideCommunity College, Gym. 2pm.£5 (3 for members).• The Joint Committee onChildcare for Students:Information event for all studentparents studying at Cambridge.New Hall, Long Room. 2:30pm.• The Pembroke College Winnie-The-Pooh Society: ElevensesMeeting - including TEA andCAKE!!! please bring a mug.Emmanuel College, Z7, NorthCourt. 4pm.MUSIC• Cambridge University ChamberOrchestra: Schubert UnfinishedSymphony, Mahler Das Lied Vonder Erde. Great St. Marys, . 8pm.• Green Mind: The Broken FamilyBand + Blusher + The FolkOrchestra. The Portland Arms, .8pm. £4.• St. John’s Ents: UNIFORMITY:All are warmly invited to the Lectures on Monday and Tuesday. The WednesdaySeminar is a ticketed event, for free tickets please call 01223 332368 or firstname.lastname@example.orgDance to 4hrs of funk’n’cheese inyour favourite uniform, fromSchoolgirl to Superhero. St. John’sCollege, Fisher Building. 9pm. £4.• The Junction CDC: FasterPussycat: UK Garage featuring DJLuck MC Neat 10-3am. TheJunction , . 10pm. £8/9.• The Sandpaper Sessions: amusical orgy of electronica & theavantgarde. King’s College, entervia chetwynd room. 7:30pm. £1.SUNDAY 20FILM• ARTS1.30, 4.00, 6.30, 9.00 MON-SOON WEDDING (15)1.00 KIKI'S DELIVERY SERVICE (U)5.00 LUCIE AUBRAC (12)7.00 SYMPOSIUM3.00, 9.10 ELOGE DE L'AMOUR(PG)2.00 KOSINTSEV'S HAMLET (PG)5.20, 8.30 VA SAVOIR (PG)• Christ’s Films AMERICAN PIE 2:‘It’s all about sticking together’More pie.. Christs College, NewCourt Theatre. 8pm. £2.• Christ’s Films AMERICAN PIE 2:‘It’s all about sticking together’More pie... . Christs College, NewCourt Theatre. 10:30pm. £2.• St John’s Films: Amélie (15).7pm and 10pm.http://come.to/johnsfilms. St.John’s College, Fisher Building.7pm. £2.00.MISC• Cambridge Dancer’s Club:Beginners Ballroom Classes, Tu-Thu, arrive 7.15pm. St Columba’sChurch Halls, Downing Place, OffPembroke St. 1pm. £1.20.• C.U. Karate Demonstration: FreeDemo & intro class with ChiefInstructor. Wear loose clothing.Fenners Gym (Gresham Road), .2pm.• Samatha Meditation: Meditationclasses for everyone. No charge.Darwin College, Old Library. 8pm.• Soraya’s 8-week Beg. OrientalBelly Dance Course: Learn how thisbeautiful ancient dance can getyou in shape and be fun!.Cambridge YMCA, Pye Room,info:email@example.com. 6pm.£36Students, £40non-students.MONDAY 21FILM• ARTS1.30, 4.00, 6.30, 9.00 MON-SOON WEDDING (15)2.10, 5.20, 8.30 VA SAVOIR (PG)12.45, 3.00 AMELIE (15)5.10, 9.10 ELOGE DE L'AMOUR(PG)7.00 NAUSICAA OF THE VALLEYOF THE WIND (PG)LESBIGAY• CUSU LesBiGay: Mixed WeeklyLesBiGay social. Grad Pad, . 9pm.CUCA Presents:Douglas HurdFormer Foreign Secretaryon World PoliticsThursday 24th January1:30 LSR Trinity HallMISC• Ballroom and Latin DancingAbsolute Beginners Class: £10 tojoin; £1.20 per class. St Alban’sSchool Hall, behind the CatholicChurch, Lensfield Road. 7:30pm.• Ballroom and Latin DancingAbsolute Beginners Class: £10 tojoin; £1.20 per class. St Columba’sChurch Hall, Downing Place.7:30pm.• Belly dance: Belly dance forintermediates. Powerful art form.Improvisation and choreography. .King’s College, Chetwynd room.6pm. £conc..• Belly Dance: Belly dance forabsolute beginners. Relaxing andfun. King’s College, Chetwyndroom. 7:30pm. £conc.• Cambridge Dancer’s Club:Beginners Ballroom Classes, Tu-Thu, arrive 7.15pm. St Columba’sChurch Halls, Downing Place, OffPembroke St. 1pm. £1.20.• Latin Dancing AbsoluteBeginners Class: £10 to join;£1.20 per class. St Paul’s SchoolHall, Coronation Street. 7pm.MUSIC• The Junction CDC: The RollinsBand: The legendary rockstarHenry Rollins. The Junction , . 8pm.£11/12.TALK• Jewish Society: Studies withBuddies, 9 classes on offer fromKook, via myth and Bible toTalmud. The CUlanu Centre, 33Bridge Street (between Oxfam andthe Galleria. 7pm.TUESDAY 22FILM• ARTS1.30 THE INSIDER (15)4.20, 6.30, 9.00 MONSOONWEDDING (15)2.10, 8.30 VA SAVOIR (PG)6.00 CRIMSON PIG (12)1.30 MONSOON WEDDING (15)5.10 ELOGE DE L'AMOUR (PG)3.30, 9.15 MAN IN THE WHITESUIT (U)LESBIGAY• Phoneline: ConfidentialLesBiGay phoneline. (7)40777. 8-10pm. CUSU, . 8pm.MISC• Ballroom and Latin DancingAbsolute Beginners Class: £10 tojoin; £1.20 per class. St Columba’sChurch Hall, Downing Place. 7:30pm.• Cambridge Dancer’s Club:Beginners Ballroom Classes, Tu-Thu, arrive 7.15pm. St Columba’sChurch Halls, Downing Place, OffPembroke St. 1pm. £1.20.• Cambridge University JudoClub: Open to all Men andWomen. Fenner’s Gym, GreshamRoad. 8pm.• HITCH TO MOROCCO MEETING:You can still register! First Meetingthis term!. Hogshead Pub , RegentStr., nr. Parkers Piece. 7pm.CFTV Proudly InvitesSubmissions Of ShortFilms (No Longer Than 15Mins) For “Camerada”,The Student Short FilmCompetition.All Levels of Expertise WelcomeSubmit on DV Tape Or VHS ToCharlie Phillips (Trinity Hall)Enquiries: CRP28