Ma n ag em e n t a n d P ro v isio n in g o f M2 M D evic es an d A p p ...

Ma n ag em e n t a n d P ro v isio n in g o f M2 M D evic es an d A p p ...

rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent and Provisioning of M2M Devices and Applications


19 June 2012

Musa Unmehopa

Technical Plenary Chairman, OMA

Director of Standards, Alcatel-Lucent

M2M devices outnumber mobile devices by an

order of mrong>agrong>nitude

• Analysys rong>Marong>son: Forecasts that the number of M2M device connections

will grow to 2.1 billion devices in 2020 [1]

rong>Marong>china Research: Number of M2M connections will grow to 12 billion

in 2020 [2]

• GSMA: Estimates that there will be 20 billion devices connected to the

web by 2020 [3]

• Another way of looking at this:

There will be more M2M devices shipped each year than PCs,

cell phones, tablets, set-top set top boxes, and gaming platforms put together [4]

Rrong>emrong>ote device manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent and provisioning of all these M2M devices

will be a critical aspect to support this trrong>emrong>endous growth opportunity

Commercially deployed on a global scale

According to deployment information from OMA mrong>emrong>bers,

OMA has now achieved commercial deployment of

1.4 Billion devices implrong>emrong>enting the Firmware Update

rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent Object enabler

OMA DM already being used for M2M applications

• For example

– Press release, rong>Marong>y 21st 2012 – Sprint, Metrum, Tollgrade rong>Marong>ke Smart Grid Smarter

– Enabling smart meters with wireless connectivity

• Both Metrum and Tollgrade have completed Open Mobile Alliance (OMA)

Device rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent (DM) certification, allowing utilities to manrong>agrong>e assets

and infrastructure, ideally suited for large-scale deployments. This

method of “over the air” manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent and activation enables a rapid

configuration processes and efficient use of the wireless network.

“Over the Air” manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent

and activation enables rapid

configuration of devices

and efficient use of network

resources. Ideally suited for

large-scale deployments

OMA Device rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent

OMA position and focus – how to manrong>agrong>e billions of devices

OMA recognizes the need for current OMA Device rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent technology technology

to evolve - first to connect, then to manrong>agrong>e application and service layer

standardization requirrong>emrong>ents

• Technology needs to evolve from traditional mobile devices networks to

heterogeneous networks that support both mobile and M2M devices

• Technology needs to support devices on heterogeneous networks through a


• Technology needs to support M2M devices as a gateway for other devices

• Technology needs to support provisioning and manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent protocol for

constrained devices

• Technology needs to support provisioning and manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent protocol for

constrained connectivity

• Provisioning and rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent of M2M devices

• Connecting the Internet to the Physical World

A natural extension of OMA DM through Gateway

over lightweight M2M protocol can address these challenges

OMA Firmware Update rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent Object


• Defines the manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent tree objects, DM commands,

messrong>agrong>es and mechanisms necessary to download firmware

update packrong>agrong>es and to upgrade the firmware of already

deployed devices

– Rrong>emrong>ote provisioning of new and used devices

– In-the-field feature deployment

– Over-The-Air firmware upgrades

Approved in 2007

OMA Converged Personal Network Service (CPNS)

• OMA CPNS enables interaction with in-home M2M services and applications,

using CPNS connections between personal networks and the CPNS Server.

This allows for rrong>emrong>ote control, monitoring and content delivery

– Bridge personal networks and cellular networks/WANs

– Allows rrong>emrong>ote control, monitoring and content delivery to in-home devices,

when you’re not directly connected to personal network

– Allows any smart device to acts as Personal Network GW

– CPNS enables the extension of Internet-based services to M2M devices and

home appliances

GwMO: GwMO rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>e M2M Devices through a gateway

CPNS: CPNS Use device as a gateway to manrong>agrong>e other devices

V1 Approved in rong>Marong>y 2011

V1.1 targeted for Fall 2012

OMA DM Gateway rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent Object


• Facilitates interaction between a manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent server and a

manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent client when:

– Direct and unaided interaction between server and client is not possible

– Device does not have a publicly routable address

– Device may be sitting behind a firewall

– Device supports a manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent protocol other than OMA-DM

Approved in rong>Marong>rch 2012

OMA Lightweight M2M Mobile Service Enabler

• The need for a lightweight protocol for M2M

– support capability constrained M2M devices

– data collection and rrong>emrong>ote controlling without complex computing and UI


– optimize network resources; very large numbers of devices may be connected

to the communication network simultaneously

• Requirrong>emrong>ents

– Compact protocol for combined service manipulation & manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent

– Binary based addressing schrong>emrong>e instead of URI

– Flat data model for efficient data access

– Simple protocol level authentication

– Simple Digest based authentication & authorization

– Support transport level security mechanism

– IP (TCP, UDP) & Non-IP Transport (SMS, USSD, CSD)

• Work in process, scheduled for completion end of 2012

– First step was Gap Analysis; ETSI, 3GPP, IETF CoAP, OMA DM

Approval targeted for beginning of 2013

OMA M2M Device Classification

M2M device classification framework based on the horizontal attributes

– wide area communication interface

– local area communication interface

– IP stack, human I/O capabilities

– persistent configuration storrong>agrong>e

• Independent of vertical markets

– such as smart grid, connected cars, e-health, smart home, etc.

• A common classification helps to avoid overlap and facilitate coordination

related to M2M standardization

M2M device manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent and service protocols, methods, and procedures can

be systrong>emrong>atically analyzed for re-usability and incrrong>emrong>entally developed for the

gaps in handling the M2M device classes not fully addressed by existing


Approval targeted for 2H 2012

OMA Application Programming Interfaces

Where does the revenue come from?

M2M may represent a good growth

opportunity overall for MNOs –

but not in terms of traffic revenue

M2M generated 1.2% of mobile data revenue in 2010,

falling to 0.8% in 2013, before rising to 1.4% in 2020

(rong>Marong>china Research [2] )

Connecting, provisioning and manrong>agrong>ing

all these billions of devices will unlock

trrong>emrong>endous potential to provide

innovative and exciting applications

Device API - Open Connection rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>er API

• Local applications on the device can use the Open

Connection rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>er API to manrong>agrong>e connectivity and


– Cellular network connection manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent

– Wi-Fi connection manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent and WLAN authentication

– Network selection

– Power manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent (hibernation, standby)

– Push service configuration on the device side

– Etc

• Applicable to different types of devices requiring mobile

Internet access

– Broadband devices, wireless routers, Smartphones, Tablets, M2M

devices, devices etc

Device API - DM Client-Side API Framework

• Defines APIs to enable local applications on a device to access the

rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent Objects supported by the OMA DM Client resident on the


– Local application registration/unregistration with the DM Client, for notification on

updates of existing rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent Objects

– Retrieval of rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent Object and its parameters by the local application

rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent Object update by the local application

– Local application interaction with the DM Client rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent Objects

• DM rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent Objects and the DM protocol:

– Configure connectivity

– Update firmware

– Dirong>agrong>nose problrong>emrong>s

– Monitor performance

– Install and update software

– Lock and wipe personal data

rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>e device capabilities

– Schedule and automate device manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent tasks

• Interfaces defined using WebIDL

Approved in October 2011

OMA and their Industry Partners

OMA and the Industry Landscape

• OMA welcomes the formation of oneM2M

– oneM2M may provide the overall framework and overview of M2M (e.g. high level


– oneM2M may provide a role for coordination of M2M organizations both inside and

outside oneM2M

– subject to a review of the oneM2M partnership rong>agrong>rerong>emrong>ent, OMA is minded to become

a oneM2M mrong>emrong>ber

– OMA seeks to cooperate with and support the M2M objectives of oneM2M

– OMA currently is, and intends to continue, as a major provider of M2M enabling


• Home Environment Services Workshop

– The Broadband Forum, Forum DECT Forum, Forum Home Gateway Initiative, Initiative Open IPTV Forum, Forum

Open Mobile Alliance and the Small Cell Forum held a successful workshop to

investigate shared issues and opportunities to enhance support of services in the home

– Need manrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent and provisioning of rapidly diversifying range of devices

– Recognize the need to cooperate around these shared interest areas

Industry coordination

and harmonization

Thank You



• [1]


• [2]

M2M Global Forecast and Analysis 2010-20

• [3]

• [4]

Imrong>agrong>e credits:

• Jerry rong>Marong>guire © 1996 TriStar Pictures, Inc. All Rights Reserved.



OMA DM rong>Marong>nrong>agrong>rong>emrong>ent Objects Architectural Dirong>agrong>rams

Yankee & SMI, Musa Unmehopa and Axel Ferrazzini

OMA – Overview

More than 135 mrong>emrong>bers from across the mobile value chain

•Founded June 2002

•Operators, terminal and software vendors, content and entertainment providers

Interoperable service enablers across multiple domains

•Architecture, Security, Charging and Network APIs

•Person-to-Person Communications

•Device Capabilities

•Access to Content

•Services Access Interface

•Service Customization

Current and Ongoing Technical Deliverables – more detail in presentation

•44 service enablers delivered in 2010 with 80 planned for 2011

•Ongoing refinrong>emrong>ent of interoperability testing program with Test on Drong>emrong>and in Q3 2011

•API Framework—building on success of GSMA OneAPI and Parlay affiliation

M2M Communications—enabling terminals as gateways and converged personal networks

New and improved organizational structures and efficiencies

•Fast track process for omitting or combining steps and deliverables in OMA Process

•Min rong>Marong>x procedure for an alternative path to traditional testing of every OMA enabler

Collaboration with other bodiesincluding WAC, GSMA, W3C & ETSI

•Reduce duplication and frrong>agrong>mentation

•New strategic program of liaisons with appointed Board level champions to other bodies

•OMA maintains formal cooperation rong>agrong>rerong>emrong>ents or frameworks with nearly 50 industry bodies

OMA – Organizational Structure

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