Implementation & Monitoring of Adaptation Projects by Rupa Mukerji

Implementation & Monitoring of Adaptation Projects by Rupa Mukerji

Implementation & Monitoring Adaptation ProjectsRupa MukerjiHELVETAS SwissIntercooperation8th, January 2013Lima, Peru

Contents of the Presentation• Our starting point• Types of adaptation• Monitoring adaptation, how is it different?• Purpose of the Monitoring system• Steps in design of a Monitoring system• Challenges• Way forward

Our starting point, 2004What can we learn from 40 years of SDC’swork in the NRM domain that is relevant foradaptation to climate change?Technical interventions: what should we domore of?Social processes: what kind of institutions?What are the relevant lessons fromdevelopment projects for CCA? Given temporal issues of adaptation: whatcontributes to the sustainability ofinterventions and institutions?

Development & AdaptationAddressingdrivers ofvulnerabilityBuildingresponsecapacityManagingclimate riskConfrontingimpacts ofclimate changeActivities thatreduce poverty andaddress otherlimiting capabilitiesthat make peoplevulnerable to harm. Very littleattention to specificclimate changeimpacts.Adaptationactivities focus onbuilding robustsystems forproblem solving.Climateinformation isincorporated intodecisions toreduce negativeeffects onresources andlivelihoods.Actions focusalmost exclusivelyon addressingimpactsassociated withclimate change.Vulnerability focusImpact focus

The Sustainable LivelihoodsApproach

General conclusions (all case studies)Past NRM interventions have enhanced resilience of localcommunities through building up livelihood assets (use oflocal resources, “learning by doing” etc.) Building response capacityNeed to explicitly identify and build in measures focusing onability to manage climate risks (and where applicable:confronting impacts of CC)Example: Timely access to weather information, optionsets, access to knowledge and informationCreation/strengthening of local institutions to improveplanning and management skills leads to continuity, abilityto leverage external resources and creation of knowledge

General conclusions (cont. )Elements of strong local institutions:• History of collective action to deal with adversity• Capacities to plan collectively, deal with trade offs• Clear resource management principles• Homogeneity of interests – reliance on a common resource• Appropriate (and changing) leadership Transfer of leadership to elected bodies, an interestingdevelopment.

Types of Adaptation Actions

Types of Adaptation ActionsLevels:Community based AdaptationSector specific Adaptation projectsNational level Policy initiativesTriggers:Autonomous adaptationPlanned AdaptationStages:Incremental AdaptationTransformation

Starting Points and Feedback LoopsSREX, IPCC 2012

Multiple Actors and Roles in CCASREX, IPCC 2012

Disaster Risk Management & CCASREX, IPCC 2012

The Context in the Americas

The Context and its Evolution14

Specificities of Monitoring CCA• To understand what works (and what does not)• What tools are effective to manage work in the face of uncertainty?• Accountability• Cross sectoral - perspectives• Inter-temporal issues• What contributes to unplanned adaptation?• What are the coping mechanisms?• How has resilience been built to past events?• What is the acceptable level of risk?• What new strategies are needed?Based on assumptions of certain changes (what we are adapting to)Stronger focus on consideration of the contextDiverse inputsIn addition to tracking project impact, also need to track how our assumptions havechanged15

Learning & TransformationSREX, IPCC 2012

Steps in design of an M&E system• Define the context – Vulnerability, Impactsand Adaptation tools (CRiSTAL)• Identify factors that contribute toadaptation: Capacities, adaptation actions,Sustainable development• Develop a Hypothesis for each Outcome• Create a theory of change• Chose indicators and set a baseline• Use existing M&E tools (many derivedfrom Results Based Management)

Hierarchy ofMonitoring ProcessObjective1Objective2Objective3Hypo 1Hypo 2 Hypo 3 Hypo 4Activities(Inputs)Activities(Inputs)Activities(Inputs)Activity / output IndicatorsActivities(Inputs)ActivityMonitoringOutputs Outputs Outputs OutputsUtilisation Utilisation Utilisation UtilisationOutcome IndicatorsResults(Deliverables)OutcomeMonitoringOUTCOMESEffect change

Goal: Contribuir a consolidar la base de vida y reducir la vulnerabilidad alCC de estratos sociales de mediana y alta pobreza en las áreaspriorizadas por el PACC, disminuyendo la migración por afectacionesambientales ocasionadas por el CC.Objective: Poblaciones e instituciones públicas y privadas de las regiones Cusco y Apurímacimplementan medidas de adaptación al CC, habiéndose además capitalizado aprendizaje eincidido en las políticas públicas a nivel nacional y en las negociaciones internacionales.HI 1: Las familiasfortalecen suscapacidades eimplementan medidasde adaptación al CCque contribuyen a lasostenibilidad de susmedios de vidaHI 2: Lascomunidades en lasmicrocuencaspriorizan en sugestión comunalacciones orientadasa la adaptación al CCe inciden ante susautoridades localesHI 3: Los equipospolíticos y técnicos(locales, regionales ynacionales) hanfortalecido suscompetencias parapromover políticas yacciones deadaptación al CCHI 4: Losgobiernos locales,regionales y susasociaciones en elárea deintervención,implementanestrategias ypolíticas quepromueven laadaptación al CCHI 5: La políticapública nacional decambio climático sefortalececapitalizando losaprendizajesgenerados en loregional y localAl menos 28% defamilias de lamicrocuencaHuacrahuacho yMollebambaAl menos 63% de lasorganizacionesdentro de lascomunidadesAl menos el 50% delos equipos políticosy técnicosLos gobiernoslocales, regionalesy susasociaciones en elárea deintervención,implementanestrategias ypolíticasAl menos 1 políticapública nacional deCC.

Some Resources• Making Adaptation Count: Concepts and Options for Monitoring and Evaluation of ClimateChange Adaptation:• LDCF/SCCF: Adaptation Monitoring and Assessment Tool (AMAT)110, 2011• World Bank: Guidance Note: Selection of Specific M&E Indicators for Adaptation, 2009• UNDP (GEF): Adaptation Policy Frameworks for Climate Change (APF98), 2010• GEF: Adaptation Monitoring and Assessment Tool, 2009• UNDP: Adaptation Policy Framework• OECD: Integrating Climate Change Adaptation into Development Cooperation, 2009• WRI: National Adaptation Capacity Framework:• GEF Climate Eval website:• International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie): Impact Evaluation and Interventions toAddress Climate Change - A Scoping Study,109 2010• CARE: Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis (CVCA94), 2009• IISD: Community based Risk Screening Tool – Adaptation and Livelihoods (CRiSTAL)• EC/EuropeAid: Tools and Methods – Guidelines on the Integration of Environmentand Climate Change in Development Cooperation,100 2009

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