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In its 2012 report Research Universities and the Future of America, the NationalResearch Council called for the creation of a federal fund, to be matched by privatesources, sufficient to create two thousand endowed chairs in “key research areas.” 2Humanities and social science disciplines should be among the “key research areas”designated for funding.Together, the National Endowment for the Humanities and the National ScienceFoundation provide critical support for intellectual inquiry across the disciplines. 3Both organizations support innovative teaching from kindergarten through college;both support the nation’s lifelong learning infrastructure and work to connect academicresearch with the wider public; both foster new partnerships between academiaand business; and both provide key funding for innovative research. However, whilethe nsf also provides much-needed funding for the nation’s top graduate students inscience, budget constraints have kept the neh from offering similar support for thenext generation of humanities scholars. There will be fewer scholars tomorrow if noneSources of Funding for Academic Research and Development in the Humanities and Other Selected Fields, fy 2011 (Percent)Humanities Behavioral & Social Sciences Biological Sciences EducationEngineering Mathematical & Physical Sciences Medical Sciences■ Academic Institution■ Federal Government■ Not-for-Profit Organizations■ State & Local Government■ Business■ All Other SourcesSource: National Science Foundation, National Center for for Science and and Engineering Statistics, Survey Survey of of Research and and Development Expenditures at atUniversities and Colleges/Higher Education Research and and Development Survey (data (data were were accessed and and analyzed using using the the nsf’s nsf’s online online data data analysis analysis tool,Webcaspar, tool, Webcaspar, at at https://webcaspar.nsf.gov/).42 Research

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