Advanced Metering - Facilities Information Management System ...

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Advanced Metering - Facilities Information Management System ...

FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAMFIMS/RE WorkshopAdvanced MeteringGreg SullivanEfficiency Solutions1 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Presentation Overview• Legislative overview• Definitions• Metering planning• Advanced meters– technologies and key components• Data Analysis/Uses• Economics• Resources*** IMPORTANT ***Audience Participation Segment2 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Legislative Overview• EPAct 2005:– EPAct 2005/Section 103: Energy Use Measurementand Accountability• EISA 2007:– EISA Section 434B: Metering3 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Legislative OverviewEPAct 2005 Highlights:• Meter electricity using “advanced meters”– Hourly interval capability– Daily download capability• All Federal buildings deemed “practicable”• Submit implementation plan– Key staff– Non practicable facilities• By October 1, 20124 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Legislative OverviewEISA 2007 Highlights:• Expands EPAct 2005 to include Natural Gasand Steam– All requirements of EPAct for electricity – apply tonatural gas and steam• By October 1, 2016– Four additional years to complete5 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


DefinitionsAdvanced Meters• Capability to measure and record interval data• Communicate the data to a remote location/s– Advanced metering systemAdvanced Metering System• Collects time-differentiated energy usage data– Real time or defined schedule basis• Data is processed to “information”• Information supports: energy management, projectidentification, operational efficiency, and utility interaction6 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Metering PlanningThe Metering Plan• Outline– Goals/objectives– Technical elements• Analysis needs• Data needs• Equipment needs– Implementation plan– O&M/Calibration and persistence7 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Metering PlanningPlanning FlowChart8 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced MeteringTechnologiesMetered Utilities• Consider the predominant utilities– Electricity– Natural gas– Steam– Potable water– Chilled/HTHW9 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced MeteringTechnologiesTechnology Decisions• Key metrics– Accuracy• Precision• Turndown ratio– Capital cost– Cost/ease of installation– Cost/ease of maintenance/recalibration10 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced MeteringTechnologies• Electric Metering Technologies– Mechanical– Electro-mechanical– Solid State11 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced MeteringTechnologies• Solid State Meters– Advantages:• Accuracy• Data storage and time-stamp capabilities• Can accommodate other inputs• Two-way communication• Control/alarm features– Considerations/Challenges:• Expense as options and features increase• Level of complexity• Need ancillary systems for data transfer and use12 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced MeteringTechnologies• Features/options– kWh/kW recording– Average and peak demand– Voltage recording• Phase and phase to phase– Amperage recording• Phase and phase to phase– Power factor– Power quality• Harmonics• Total harmonic distortion– Remote connect/disconnect– Memory– Communications13 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced MeteringTechnologiesElectric Meter Selection Considerations:• Don’t over-buy – Plan well.• Consider flexibility – Balance what you need now with that you seeas having future benefits.• Communications – Consider standardization on communicationbetween meters and other data acquisition systems.• Data processing – How will the collected data be processed? Doesthe metering equipment vendor offer this function/ serviceStaff who install, maintain, and use the data should have avoice in meter selection.14 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced MeteringCommunicationsMetering Communications• Most common options– Phone/modem– Local area network– Building automation system– Wireless15 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced Metering DataUsesData Uses• Typical Advanced Meter Data Uses– Efficiency opportunity identification– Measurement and verification– Benchmarking– Reimbursable billing16 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced Metering DataUsesSample Data Uses17 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced Metering DataUsesDemand (kW)Data Uses: Efficiency IdentificationBuilding Daily kW Profile(Monday 15-minute intervals )2018161412108642012:00AM1:15AM2:30AM3:45AM5:00AM6:15AM7:30AM8:45AM10:00AM11:15AM12:30PM1:45PM3:00PM4:15PM5:30PM6:45PM8:00PM9:15PM10:30PM11:45PMTime18 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced Metering DataUsesDemand (kW)Data Uses: Efficiency IdentificationBuilding Daily kW Profile(Monday 15-minute intervals )2018161412108642012:00AM1:15AM2:30AM3:45AM5:00AM6:15AM7:30AM8:45AM10:00AM11:15AM12:30PM1:45PM3:00PM4:15PM5:30PM6:45PM8:00PM9:15PM10:30PM11:45PMTime19 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced Metering DataUsesWater Use (gallons)Data Uses: Efficiency IdentificationBuilding Water Use Profile(Thursday 15-minute intervals )252015105012:00AM1:15AM2:30AM3:45AM5:00AM6:15AM7:30AM8:45AM10:00AM11:15AM12:30PM1:45PM3:00PM4:15PM5:30PM6:45PM8:00PM9:15PM10:30PM11:45PMTime20 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced Metering DataUsesWater Use (gallons)Data Uses: Efficiency IdentificationBuilding Water Use Profile(Saturday 15-minute intervals )252015105012:00AM1:15AM2:30AM3:45AM5:00AM6:15AM7:30AM8:45AM10:00AM11:15AM12:30PM1:45PM3:00PM4:15PM5:30PM6:45PM8:00PM9:15PM10:30PM11:45PMTime21 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced Metering DataUseskW12:05 AM4:30 AM8:55 AM1:20 PM5:45 PM10:10 PM2:35 AM7:00 AM11:25 AM3:50 PM8:15 PM12:40 AM5:05 AM9:30 AM1:55 PM6:20 PM10:45 PM3:10 AM7:35 AM12:00 PM4:25 PM8:50 PM1:15 AM5:40 AM10:05 AM2:30 PM6:55 PM11:20 PMData Uses: Operational OpportunityWeekday Lighting Profile80706050403020100Time of Day22 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced Metering DataUseskW12:05 AM12:55 AM1:45 AM2:35 AM3:25 AM4:15 AM5:05 AM5:55 AM6:45 AM7:35 AM8:25 AM9:15 AM10:05 AM10:55 AM11:45 AM12:35 PM1:25 PM2:15 PM3:05 PM3:55 PM4:45 PM5:35 PM6:25 PM7:15 PM8:05 PM8:55 PM9:45 PM10:35 PM11:25 PMData Uses: Operational OpportunityLighting kW 10/14/05Note the "spike"706050403020100Time of day23 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced Metering DataUseskWData Uses: Measurement and VerificationSpectrally-Enhanced Lighting DemonstrationAggregate Daily Lighting Profile201816141210864200 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23Time of DayRetrofit kWBaseline kW24 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced MeteringEconomicsMetering Economics• Metering costs variables:• Equipment• Configuration• Communications• Typical Costs: $1K - $5K• Metering savings variables:• Available data• Analysis capabilities• Commitment/persistence• Typical Savings: 2% - 10% annual use25 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced MeteringEconomicsMetering Economics• Financing approaches:– Capital project specified– Appropriations/line item– Alternative financing• Utility – UESC• Private – ESPC– Retained savings26 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced MeteringResourcesResources:FEMP Web site:• Metering Best Practices Guide• Guidance for Electric Metering inFederal Buildings• Facility Metering for Improved Operations andMaintenance• Advanced Utility Meteringwww.eere.energy.gov/femp/program/om_metering.htmlFEMP Metering Contact: Ab Ream ab.ream@ee.doe.gov27 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Advanced MeteringAudience ParticipationSegmentCould Metering Help?28 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Could Metering Help?29 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Could Metering Help?30 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Could Metering Help?31 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Could Metering Help?32 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Could Metering Help?33 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Could Metering Help?34 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Could Metering Help?35 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov


Questions?36 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov

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