Research in Tropical Ecosystems

Research in Tropical Ecosystems

Research in Tropical Ecosystems

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Costa Rica AgricultureSome Examples• Bananas• Coffee• Pineapples• Oil Palm• Cattle• Sugarcane

Distinct Agricultural Regions

Grazing Regions


World Wide DistributionDevastating Environmental Consequences

A Sea of Bananas

Banana Worker

Extensive IrrigationWhy Irrigate in the Tropics?Loaded with Insecticides

Gravity “Feed”

Moving the LineExtremely Labor Intensive

Banana Transport

InsecticidesSpraying often starts before sunrisePeople do not get out of the way....

Worker Exposure is High

Hard Labor

Abandoned Plantation

Sugar Cane

Oil Palm Fruit

Oil Palm Harvest

Oil Palm Harvesting


Sea of Pineapples

DeforestationA HUGE impact on Biodiversity

Original Forest Cover

1940 Forest Cover

1977 Forest Cover

1987 Forest CoverSince 1960, the Population has > by over 2 million people

300-500 square km/yrOnly 54% of extracted timber reaches the factory

Protected AreasAbout 28% of Costa Rica is Protected

A Highway View

A Common Sight

An “In-Forest” Lumber Mill

The Preserves are Impt

Monteverde PreserveAn Island in a Sea of Deforestation

60,000 Hectares is a Drop in the Bucket.......

While Just 3 km Away...

A Cloud Forest Snippet

The National Bird of CostaRica

Costa Rica Volcanoes

Arenal Volcano

Spectacular Rock Falls

Volcano Sounds

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