Wind Power in the UK (PDF). - Sustainable Development Commission

sd.commission.org.uk

Wind Power in the UK (PDF). - Sustainable Development Commission

7 Wildlife and ecologyreinstatement can be encouraged as part of such development. However, not all forestry plantationsare suitable, as they may be key to restoring large, uninterrupted, biodiverse areas of habitat that havebeen degraded by planting.Box 6Birds and Habitats DirectivesThe Birds Directive was adopted by the European Union in 1979, representing the first directive onnature conservation. It is now the primary tool for delivering against EU obligations under globalconventions. The Habitats Directive was adopted in 1992 and together both directives haveestablished a set of standards and norms that are now in common use.They require Member States to:• Take measures to conserve all naturally occurring bird species across the EU• Classify as Special Protection Areas (SPAs) the most suitable territories for species listed onAnnex I of the Birds Directive and migratory species*• Classify as Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) a sufficient area of the habitats set out in Annex Iand of the habitats of the species listed in Annex II of the Habitats Directive in order for them tobe maintained or restored to favourable conservation status.• Maintain SPAs and SACs in Favourable Conservation Status.• Follow the procedure outlined in Article 6 of the Habitats Directive for carrying out appropriateassessments of environmental impacts on SPAs and SACs.Article 6 is translated into GB law in the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 1994 xxv .Regulations 48, 49 and 53 set out that:• If a project is likely to have a significant effect on a SPA/SAC then an Appropriate Assessment hasbe undertaken of the implications of that project on the site’s conservation objectives.• The decision-maker can only give consent to the project having ascertained that there will not bean adverse effect on the integrity of the site.• If this cannot be ascertained, then consent for the project can only be given if it can be proved thatthere are no less damaging alternatives available to meet the project need xxvi , and then that thereare imperative reasons of overriding public interest for the project to proceed.• Should a damaging project be consented after passing these tests, compensatory measures arerequired to maintain the integrity of the Natura 2000 network (SPAs/SACs).xxv In Northern Ireland: The Conservation (Nature Habitats, etc.) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995xxvi This includes alternative sites for the project that would be less damaging to the environment, and alternative means tomeet the project need (eg: energy efficiency).66 Wind Power in the UK sustainable development commission

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines