Wind Power in the UK (PDF). - Sustainable Development Commission

sd.commission.org.uk

Wind Power in the UK (PDF). - Sustainable Development Commission

7 Wildlife and ecologyagree mitigation solutions and habitatimprovement schemes where appropriate. Theplanning system requires that full EnvironmentalImpact Assessments are conducted for all majorwind projects so that these impacts can beidentified, and avoided, or mitigated throughsiting, design or habitat improvement wherepossible. This will be possible only where theEIA is well scoped and of a high quality, andultimately it is the responsibility of thedeveloper to ensure that this is the case.The UK has a good record on the quality of windprojects and so far has avoided some of thesiting mistakes made at a small number ofinternational sites – a fact recognised by theRSPB 51 . There may be scope for licensingauthorities to require more stringent mitigationand compensation measures, and a programmeof monitoring, within the financial constraints ofthe project.Of course, not all proposed wind powerdevelopments will be acceptable, and in somelocations there may be grounds for them to beactively discouraged. Spatial strategies, such asthe Regional Spatial Strategies in England andthe Strategic Search Areas in Wales, offer theopportunity to select the most suitable locationsfor wind farm development and avoid the mostsensitive, and the consideration of renewableenergy at this level should be encouraged.Following this, individual wind farm proposalswill need to be considered on a case-by-casebasis using the best evidence available and withfull input from organisations with expertise inthis field.FURTHER INFORMATIONWindfarms and Birds - An analysis of the effects of windfarms on birds, and guidance onenvironmental assessment criteria and site selection issues – Birdlife International / RSPB -http://www.abcbirds.org/policy/OffShoreBirdLifeStudy.pdfRSPB windfarms information - http://www.rspb.org.uk/policy/windfarms/index.aspEnglish Nature - http://www.englishnature.gov.ukScottish Natural Heritage - http://www.snh.org.ukJoint Nature Conservation Committee - http://www.jncc.gov.ukBirdlife International - http://www.birdlife.net74 Wind Power in the UK sustainable development commission

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