Wind Power in the UK (PDF). - Sustainable Development Commission

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Wind Power in the UK (PDF). - Sustainable Development Commission

9 Wind power and the communityLocal communities could be consulted by thedeveloper, the local planning authority or by anindependent third party working on behalf ofthe developer. A Scottish study published in2003 60 asked a number of questions aboutpublic consultation, which revealed that veryfew people can remember being consulted overthe development at the planning stage (13%).The most common source of information aboutthe proposed site at that time was the localnewspaper (40%) rather than the local councilplanning office (4%) or the developer (1%).However, few are dissatisfied with theconsultation by the developer (11%), with mostexpressing neutral views. Views are broadlysimilar with respect to the consultation from thelocal authority, although even fewer canremember being involved in this.If there is to be greater dialogue during aplanning proposal, communities usually like tosee it publicised through their local paper(43%), leaflets through the door (33%) orthrough public meetings (29%).benefit the surrounding community. A selectionrelevant to the UK include:• British Wind Energy Association (BWEA)(1994). Best Practice Guidelines for WindEnergy Development. London xxxviii .• Carroll, B. and Turpin, T. (2002). EnvironmentalImpact Assessment Handbook: A practicalguide for planners, developers andcommunities. Thomas Telford Publishing Ltd.,London.• English Nature et al. (2001). Wind farmdevelopment and nature conservation. EnglishNature, Peterborough.• SNH (2001). Guidelines on the EnvironmentalImpact of Windfarms and Small ScaleHydroelectric Schemes, Scottish NaturalHeritage, Perth.Some principles for good public consultation aregiven in Box 7, followed by wind farm specificguidelines as promoted by the South WestRenewable Energy Agency – see Box 8.Formal consultationOnce planning permission is applied for, theEnvironmental Statement will be made availableto the public for viewing. In addition, developerswill often hold information sessions in order toanswer any specific questions that thecommunity may have.As wind farms become more common aroundthe world, their potential impacts will be furtherresearched and documented. Numerous bestpractice documents exist that developers canuse in designing their wind farms to minimisetheir impact on the local environment and toxxxviii Currently being updated.sustainable development commissionWind Power in the UK 93

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