Usool al Hadith - Forever Islam

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Usool al Hadith - Forever Islam

Qur’aan to the Prophet (r) himself. Allaah states the following in the Qur’aanregarding its interpretation:‏(و أ َنزل ْنا إِل َيك الذ ِّك ْر لِتبين لِلناسِ‏ ما نزل َ إِل َيهِم (“And I revealed to you the Reminder (Qur’aan) in order that youexplain to the people what was revealed to them.” (Soorah an-Nahl,16: 44)Therefore, if one is to understand the meanings of Qur’aan, he or she mustconsider what the Prophet (r) said or did regarding it. E.g. in the Qur’aan, Allaahinstructs the believers to offer salaah (formal prayers) and pay zakaah (obligatorycharity) in Soorah al-Baqarah, (2), verse 43. However, in order to obey theseinstructions correctly, one must study the methodology of the Prophet (r) in thisregard. Among his many clarifications concerning Salaah and zakaah, heinstructed his followers saying “Pray as you saw me pray,” 8 and he specified that2.5% of surplus wealth, unused for a year, 9 should be given as zakaah.8 The complete text of the hadeeth is as follows:مالِك بن ال ْحويرِ‏ ثِ‏ ق َال َ أ َتينا النبِي صل َّى الل َّه عل َيهِ‏ وسل َّم ونحن شببة ٌ متق َارِبو ن َ ف َأ َق َمنا عِنده عِشرِين ل َيل َة ً وك َان َرسول ُ الل َّهِ‏ صل َّى الل َّه عل َيهِ‏ وسل َّم رفِيق ًا ف َل َما ظ َن أ َنا ق َد اشتهينا أ َهل َنا أ َو ق َد اشتق ْنا سأ َل َنا عمن ترك ْنا بعدناف َأ َخبرناه ق َال َ ارجِعوا إِل َى أ َهلِيك ُم ف َأ َقِيموا فِيهِم وعل ِّموهم ومروهم وذ َك َر أ َشياءَ‏ أ َحف َظ ُها أ َو ل َا أ َحف َظ ُها وصل ُّواك َما رأ َيتمونِي أ ُصل ِّي ف َإِذ َا حضرت الصل َاة ُ ف َل ْيؤذ ِّن ْ ل َك ُم أ َحدك ُم ول ْيؤمك ُم أ َك ْبرك ُمSahih Al-Bukhari, vol. 1, p. 345, no. 604.9 There are a number of authentic hadeeths in which the Prophet (r) gave specific instructionsconcerning the items and quantities on which zakaah was due, as well as the time it is due. Amongthem is the following narration from ‘Alee ibn Abee Taalib:عن علِي رضِي الل َّه عنه عن النبِي r ق َال َ:‏ (( ف َإِذ َا ك َانت ل َك مِائ َتا دِرهمٍ‏ وحال َ عل َيها ال ْحول ُ ف َفِيها خمسة ُدراهِم ول َيس عل َيك شي ءٌ‏ يعنِي فِي الذ َّهبِ‏ حتى يك ُون َ ل َك عِشرون َ دِينارا ف َإِذ َا ك َان َ ل َك عِشرون َ دِينارا وحال َعل َيها ال ْحول ُ ف َفِيها نِصف دِينارٍ‏ ف َما زاد ف َبِحِسابِ‏ ذ َلِك ق َال َ ف َلا َ أ َدرِي أ َعلِي يق ُول ُ ف َبِحِسابِ‏ ذ َلِك أ َو رف َعه إِل َىالنبِي r ول َيس فِي مالٍ‏ زك َاة ٌ حتى يحول َ عل َيهِ‏ ال ْحول ُ إِلا َّ أ َن َّ جرِيرا ق َال َ ابن وهبٍ‏ يزِيد فِي ال ْحدِيثِ‏ عن النبِيصل َّى الل َّه عل َيهِ‏ وسل َّم ل َيس فِي مالٍ‏ زك َاة ٌ حتى يحول َ عل َيهِ‏ ال ْحول ُ.))‏‘Alee ibn Abee Taalib quoted Allaah’s Messenger (r) as saying: “Whenever you possess 200dirhams 9 and a year passes on it, 5 dirhams is to be paid on it. You are not liable to pay anything

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