Organization and processPrior to building the harbour baths in Copenhagen intensive project planning and a broad array ofprojects have been carried out forming the basis for obtaining good swimming water quality.City planning and the water quality action plan for Copenhagen have been the principal elements in thework carried out by city engineers and architects, private investors and the Copenhagen City SewageDepartment which later has become an independent city supply company.Building the harbour baths is part of an overall plan for the Copenhagen Harbour in which the plans fornew housing areas, renovation of existing properties, improvement of the water quality and building theharbour baths, improvement of neighbourhoods etc. is part of the general plan and it is impossible tosingle out or do without any of the work which have created the blue harbour.
SustainabilityEnvironmentalThe extension of the sewers has improved sustainability in Copenhagen. The elimination of about half ofall outfalls have reduced the discharge of diluted wastewater to the harbour by approx. 80% per year.Removing the heavy industries and limiting the discharge of untreated wastewater has improved thequality of the water environment significantly benefiting the flora, fauna and the people of Copenhagen.Furthermore, the comprehensive renovation and extension of the sewer system in Copenhagen hasprepared the city for handling the climate challenges facing the city these years. And further protectionof Copenhagen against future extreme weather incorporates disconnection of paved areas from thesewages and treatment of rainwater prior to discharge.SocialThe new possibilities for recreational use of the harbour have improved the city physically and socially.Before the harbour front was an industrial area and today it is a place for relaxing, rewinding and havingcoffee at a café or jogging along the harbour.With many new recreational possibilities the harbour has become a popular place to live and work andnew housing and office buildings shoot up along the harbour. E.g. at Sluseholmen a canal system hasbeen built and redesigned to resemble the Java and the Borneo residential areas in Amsterdam.The possibility for recreational use of the dock areas means that the citizens now have recreationalopportunities within walking and biking distance from their home. All citizens in Copenhagen now haveaccess to recreational areas either, harbour, beach, parks etc. – all within walking and biking distance.Improvements of the city towards the harbour have strengthened the image of Copenhagen as anenvironmental city which in itself is desirable for people moving to Copenhagen and the tourismindustry.EconomicBy gradually shutting down the heavy industries along the inner dock areas in Copenhagen and movingthem to larger industrial harbour s around Copenhagen, the Municipality of Copenhagen has made aconscious effort to transform the harbour into an attractive housing and office area. In this planningprocess the quality of water in the harbour has been important in making the harbour an attractive areato work, live and be in and consequently the housing prices have increased by 50% and 100%.