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THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONGLIBRARIESHong Kong Collection


REPORTof theINVESTIGATIONONPROVISION OF EVA AND FSIFOR PUBLIC AND PRIVATEBUILDING DEVELOPMENTSJULY 1996Office of the Commissioner for AdministrativeComplaintsHONG KONG


CONTENTSChapter1 INTRODUCTION2 FUNCTIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OFFSD3 ROLES OF OTHER DEPARTMENTS ANDORGANISATIONS4 EVAS - POLICIES, ENFORCEMENT ANDRELATED MATTERS5 FSIS - POLICIES, ENFORCEMENT ANDRELATED MATTERS6 OVERALL OBSERVATIONS AND FINDINGS7 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS8 FINAL REMARKSANNEXESEXECUTIVE SUMMARYLEGEND OF ABBREVIATIONSNOTES


ANNEXESAnnex Title ParagraphNo,I A brief account of the Yue Wan Estate 1.1fireII An organisation chart of the FSD 2.2III An organisation chart of the Planning 2.11Group of the FSDIV Establishment and strength of the FPB 2.16V Specific areas of responsibilities of 2.16the FPB's five DivisionsVI Establishment and strength of the Fire 2.17Protection Regional OfficesVII Areas of responsibilities of the Fire 2.17Protection Regional OfficesVIII A table showing the division of 2.28responsibilities amongst the FSD'sHeadquarters Command's Planning Group,FPB's New projects and FSIs Divisionsand the three Regional OperationalCommandsIX Buildings Technical Guides 3.5X F.S. Form 501 3.8XI HD's Paper on Practice on Maintenance 3.11of Fire Fighting Facilities in PHEsXII Standard Proforma 3 9 3.16XIII Copy of a self-explanatory Practice 3.16Note to Authorised Persons andRegistered Structural Engineers number30XIV Copy of BD's Development Division 3.19Manual Practice Note 22- 1 -


XV BOO's Technical Circular No. 615 d.d. 3.2920.9.1988XVI Terms of reference and composition of 3.32the District Lands ConferencesXVII Terms of references of the district 3.51BMCC or IBMCCXVIII Membership of the district BMCC or 3.51IBMCCXIX Selection criteria for target buildings 3.53XX Sample copy of Engineering Conditions 3.56XXI A list of recommendations for 3.60improvement works in HKHS estatesXXII HKHS's standard inspection schedule for 3.62FSIs and equipment in its estatesXXIII A copy of the 'Access for Fire Services 4.3Appliances and Personnel' clauseXXIV An extract from the Hong Kong Planning 4.5Standards and Guidelines : Chapter 5XXV FSD Hqs Policy Instruction No. 3 7 4.7XXVI FPB Policy Instruction No. 67 4.7XXVII Copy of FSD Circular Letter to APs 4.7XXVIII Sample of 'warning letter' 4.19XXVIV Sample of 'letter of concern' 4.19XXX FSD's X FPB Procedural Instruction No. 4.2 030'XXXII Four sets of drawings showing the 4.29developments in the Sands Streetneighbourhood and some photographs onthis street- 2 -


XXXIII Copy of Government gazette on the 4.37Amendments to the draft Kennedy Townand Mount Davis Outline Zoning Plan Mo.S/Hl/3 d.d. 21.5.1993XXXIV Copy of FSD's circular letter d.d. 4.4219.10.95 to APs and othersXXXV Sample copy of FSD's EVA Inspection 4.53RecordXXXVI Progress of Phase I Improvement Works 4.59for HD's PHEsXXXVII HD's Phases 2, 3 & 4 Improvement 4.60Programme - EVA enhancement worksXXXVIII Sample copy of FSD's advisory letter 4.64concerning the blockage of EVAs inprivate streetsXXXVIV Names of private streets resumed since 4.66the inception of the PRSCXXXX Sample copy of F.S. 161 5.2XXXXI Sample copy of F.S. 172 5.5XXXXII Application for inspection and testingof FSIs and equipment5.6 (b)xxxxiII Initial report on FSI inspection and 5.6 (e)testingXXXXIV Checklist for fire hydrant and hose 5.6 (o)reel installationsXXXXV Checklist for COs/Halon Extinguishing 5.6(r)SystemXXXXVI Sample copy of F.S. 251 5.11XXXXVIII HD's Phases 2, 3 & 4 Improvement 5.25Programme - FSI enhancement worksxxxxviv Copy of Regulations 6 to 9 of the Fire 5,28Services (Installation and Equipment)Regulations- . 3 -


XXXXX FSD's Procedural Instruction No. 19 'Procedures for 5.29Registration Fire Service Installation Contractors - Class 1,2 and 3'XXXXXI A classification of the offences/disciplinary actions taken 5.31against FSI contractors over the past 10 yearsXXXXXII Sample copy of FSD's advisory letter to commercial 5.40premisesXXXXXIII Sample copy of FSD's advisory letter to industrial 5.42undertakingsXXXXXIV Relevant extracts of the Estate Facilities Design Guide - 8.1(au)Commercial Centres


1INTRODUCTION1.1 The much publicised fatal fire (3 persons deadand 8 injured) which broke out in Yue Wan Estate, ChaiWan in July 1995 had generated widespread public concernover the provision of Emergency Vehicular Accesses (EVA^f)and the proper maintenance of Fire Service Installations(FSIs) and equipment in both public and private buildingdevelopments as such facilities were vital to thesuccessful conduct of any fire fighting and other rescueoperations required to be undertaken by the Fire ServicesDepartment (FSD) . A brief account of the fire is inAnnex I.1.2 The preliminary enquiries conducted by thisOffice soon after the incident had revealed, inter alia,the following -•(a)the provision of EVAs was not a mandatoryrequirement prior to 1980;(b) the existing EVA requirement, introducedsince 1980, only affected new developmentsin the so-called virgin areas (i.e. newsites) and did not affect redevelopmentprojects unless there were changes intheir scope or lease conditions;(c) the FSD did not have a specific programmeto inspect EVAs to ensure that they werefree from obstruction;(d) the provision of FSIs and equipment was,generally speaking, not a mandatoryrequirement for buildings constructedbefore 1964; and(e) owners of FSIs and equipment were legallyresponsible for their maintenance and theFSD would only carry out inspections on a- 1 -


andom basis or upon receipt of specificcomplaints.1.3 The above preliminary findings were notentirely satisfactory and had prompted the need forexamining the issue in more details. Therefore, in orderto examine whether there were any deficiencies in theFSD's relevant existing procedures and guidelines, theCommissioner of Administrative Complaints (COMAC), byvirtue of his authority vested in Section 7(1) (b) of theCQMAC Ordinance (Cap. 397), had completed aninvestigation into the EVAs and FSIs and equipment inpublic and private building developments in Hong Kong.PURPOSE AND AMBIT OF THEINVESTIGATION1.4 The specific purposes of this investigationwere to establish -(a) whether the existing procedures governingthe provision of EVAs and FSIs andequipment were adequate for the protectionof life and property in both public andprivate buildings; and(b) whether the existing monitoring mechanismwas adequate and effective in ensuringthat these fire safety devices could anddid fulfil the functions expected of themin the land grants and/or building plans.INVESTIGATION1.5 In the course of the investigation, relevantpapers, case files and statistical data were provided tothe Investigation Officers of this Office for examinationand analysis by the FSD and the following organisations -(a) Planning, Environment and Lands Branch(PELB).of Government Secretariat.(b)(c)Housing Department (HD).Buildings Department (BD).(d) Lands Department (Lands D),- 2 -


(e) Planning Department (Plan D).(f) Home Affairs Department (HAD).(g)Architectural Services Department(Arch SD).(h) Hong Kong Housing Society (HKHS).1.6 Meetings and discussions betweenrepresentatives of the concerned government departmentsand COMAC's Investigation Officers were also held onvarious occasions between September 1995 and April 1996.Visits to selected EVA and FSI sites in both the privateand public housing estates were also conducted.REPORT1.7 COMAC announced this investigation on 14September 1995 and a draft investigation report was sentto the FSD and other relevant departments for comments on17 May 1996. Their comments were received on or before18 June 1996. This final report was issued on 3 July1996.1.8 There are eight chapters in this investigationreport. The first seven chapters deal with the functionsand responsibilities of the FSD, roles of otherdepartments and organisations, the policy, enforcementand related matters relating to EVAs and FSIs andequipment and finally our overall observations, findings,conclusion and recommendations. The last chapter coversthe comments of the departments on this investigationreport and the final remarks of this Office in responseto the comments.- 3


2FUNCTIONS ANDRESPONSIBILITIES OFFSDORGANISATION2.1 Under Section 7 of the Fire Services Ordinance(FSO), Cap. 95, the duties of the FSD shall be to,amongst others, (a) extinguish fires; (b) protect lifeand property in case of fire or other calamity; and (c)give advice on fire protection measures and fire hazardsas occasion requires.2.2 The Department is under the command of theDirector of Fire Services (D of FS), who is assisted by aDeputy Director. It is organised into 3 Regional FireCommands (also referred to as Operational Commands), anAmbulance Command, a Fire Protection Bureau (FPB), aHeadquarters Command and a civilian-staffedAdministration Division. An organisation chart of FSD isat Annex II.2.3 Fire-fighting, rescue and other emergencyservices are undertaken by the 3 Regional Fire Commands -Hong Kong (including off-shore islands and marine),Kowloon and the New Territories - each of which is headedby a Chief Fire Officer. Each of their operationaldivisions is also responsible for carrying out periodicalinspections to means of escape inside buildings and EVAsand periodical visual inspection of the FSIs andequipment during familization visits in their respectivedivisions. In particular, EVAs in all public housingestates (PHEs) will, as from August 1995, be inspected atleast once every two months.2.4 The Fire Protection Bureau, supervised by aChief Fire Officer, is responsible for the legislativecontrol of dangerous goods and timber stores, abatementof fire hazards in general, registration of fire service- 4 -


installation contractors, formulation and inspection offire safety measures in buildings. It also advisesrelevant statutory authorities and the public on fireprotection/prevention and promotes public awareness offire safety.2.5 The Ambulance Command, headed by a ChiefAmbulance Officer, is responsible to provide an efficientand effective ambulance service to meet public demand.2.6 The Headquarters Command, supervised by a ChiefFire Officer, provides policy, administration andlogistical support to the operational Commands. It alsooversees the operation of the Fire Services CommunicationCentre, the Airport Fire Contingent, the Fire ServicesTraining School, recruitment and examination, workshopsand transport, supplies and stores, physical training,welfare, statistics as well as information and publicitymatters.2.7 The Administration Division, staffed bycivilians and headed by the Departmental Secretary, isresponsible for establishment, personnel and appointmentmatters, finance, internal audit, staff relations andtranslation services„Planning GroupSpecific Areas of Responsibilities2.8 The Planning Group is one of the branches ofthe Fire Services Headquarters Command and its scope ofreference generally falls within two categories, namely,x Development' and x Project' . The former mainly involvesco-ordination with other government departments or theprivate sector on matters in relation to future landdevelopments and related feasibility studies over theterritory. The latter encompasses the process ofoverseeing the provision of new fire station, ambulancedepot and quarters so as to tie in with the planneddevelopment according to the Fire and Emergency ServicesProgramme Plan. Apart from these two main functions,evaluation of various kinds of equipment which willenhance the operational efficiency of the service is alsoone of the essential duties that comes under the'Project' category.


2.9 In vetting development proposals, the PlanningGroup will ensure that the proposal is viable from a firesafety point of view in that the development is providedwith suitable EVAs and adequate fire fighting watersupply. In addition, the Planning Group will also dealwith matters related to the provision of resources,current or future, up to and including the stage of theapproval of the case/proposal, and obtaining the approvedresources.2.10 Should events dictate that the policy on, orthe level of existing resources require change, eitherincrease or decrease, the matter will again be referredto the Planning Group for consideration and processinguntil formal approval status is again reached and theresource modified.Organisation, Strength and Establishment2.11 The Planning Group comprises one SeniorDivisional Officer, two Divisional Officers, 4 AssistantDivisional Officers, 4 Senior Station Officers and aDraughtsman. An organisational chart of the PlanningGroup is at Annex III.FPBSpecific Areas of Responsibilities2.12 The FPB is responsible for the legislativecontrol of dangerous goods and timber stores, abatementof fire hazards .in general, registration of FSIcontractors, formulation and inspection of fire safetymeasures in buildings. It also advises relevantstatutory authorities and the public on fireprotection/prevention and promotes public awareness offire safety. Their work therefore involves mainly -(a) licensing storage/manufacture of Category2 (other than LPG) to 10 dangerous goods,storage of timber and vehicles forconveyance of Categories 2 (other thanLPG) and 5 dangerous goods;(b) investigation of complaints aboutdangerous goods (other than LPG) and fire- 6 -


hazards and initiating law enforcementaction;(c) registration of fire service installationcontractors;(d) vetting and certification of buildingplans in respect of provision of FSIs andequipment;(e) ensuring the provision and propermaintenance of FSIs and equipment inbuildings;(f) vetting and approval of portable firefightingequipment;(g) inspection of fire safety in schools,child care centres, food premises andplaces of public entertainment;(h) inspection of ventilating systems inlicensed premises;(i)inspection of hospitals and clinics; and(j) giving lectures and advisory services onfire safety.Organisation, Strength and Establishment2.13 The FPB is under the command of the Chief FireOfficer (Protection) who is assisted by a Deputy ChiefFire Officer. It consists of the following Divisionswhich perform their statutory duties under the provisionsof the Fire Services and other 'related Ordinances -(a) Headquarters Division - Investigation andResearch Section; Hospitals, Training andPublicity Section; Dangerous GoodsVehicles Section; Administration Group.(b)(c)(d)New Projects Division.New Airport Core Projects Division.FSIs Division.- 7 -


(e)Ventilation Division.(f) Fire Protection Regional Offices (FPROs)/Hong Kong, Kowloon, New Territories.New Projects and PSIs Divisions - Specific Functions andResponsibilities Relating to EVAs and FSIs2.14 Of the above five Divisions, the New ProjectsDivision and the FSIs Division perform various functionsand responsibilities pertaining to, inter alia, planning,controlling and monitoring of the existing requirementson EVAs and FSIs and equipment. More specifically, theformer Division is responsible for formulatingrequirements of EVAs in respect of redeveloped areas. Itprovides a copy of the EVA plan to the respective firestations after the acceptance of the results of the FSIinspection by the FSIs Division. On FSIs and equipment,this Division is responsible for processing and approvinggeneral building plans submitted to the FSD through theBD. It is also responsible for liaising with concernedgovernment departments in connection with the enforcementof the relevant provisions of the Buildings Ordinance(BO) and also issues statutory certificates under thesame Ordinance.2.15 On the other hand, the FSIs Division isresponsible for, inter alia, inspecting the EVA(s) beforethe occupation of the building development concerned. OnFSIs and equipment, it is responsible for their physicalinspection before the occupation of the buildingdevelopment concerned. It also handles complaints onFSIs and equipment in existing buildings as well ascarries out random checks on annual maintenance worksreported by FSI contractors, etc.2.16 The establishment and strength of the FPB andthe specific areas of responsibilities of its fiveDivisions are given in Annexes IV and V(a)~(e)respectively.Fire Protection Regional Offices2.17 Apart from these .5. Divisions, there are threeFPROs (para. 2.13 (f) above). These three FPROs aremainly responsible for conducting inspections of premises- 8 -


under applications for registration/licences as schools,child care centres, food premises, places of publicentertainment, dangerous goods stores and timber storesas well as investigations for complaints. Themaintenance of discipline and personnel management ofthese offices are under the command of the respectiveChief Fire Officers (Operational) whilst policy mattersin relation to fire protection are under theresponsibility of the Chief Fire Officer (Protection).The establishment and strength and the areas ofresponsibilities of these Regional Offices are given inAnnexes VI and VII respectively.Working relationship between FPB and other FSDUnits/Government Departments2.18 The FPB works closely with other formations ofthe FSD as well as maintains good liaison with othergovernment departments.2.19 Internally, the FPB plays a supporting role tothe Operational Commands in dealing with fire protectionmatters such as the investigation of over storage ofdangerous goods and defects of FSIs and equipment inbuildings. If there is an incident involving any licensedpremises, i.e. hotels, bedspace apartments, homes for theaged, places of public entertainment/assembly anddangerous goods godowns, the officer-in-charge of theincident can get the assistance of the FPB Duty WatchTeam through the Fire Service Communication Centre toobtain relevant information of the premises such as thelayout plans of the building, details of the dangerousgoods stored or to ascertain whether there is any breachof the Fire Service Ordinance, other licensingconditions.2.20 Furthermore, policy guidelines are also givenfrom time to time to the FPROs to assist them in handlingany particular cases which are not covered by existingpolicy or require special consideration.2.21 Externally, the FPB maintains close contactsand dialogue with both the public and private sectorsthrough regular meetings with and the issue to them ofcircular letters and other relevant correspondence.Officers of the FPB are represented on a good number ofinter-departmental as well as public/private liaison- 9 -


groups/committees/working groups for the purposes ofimproving liaison with both government departments andthe general public on fire protection matters.Procedures for Investigating and Handling Complaints andEnquiriesGeneral2.22 The specific areas of responsibilities of therespective Divisions and Regional Offices of the FPB arealready detailed in paras. 2.14 - 2.17 above. The FPBwill refer all correspondence/enquiries in relation toapplications for licences, approval of building plans andfire services equipment, inspections of FSIs andequipment and ventilation systems or other requests foradvice on fire protection matters, etc. to theappropriate Divisions/Offices directly for action.. Uponreceipt of such applications, the premises, FSIs andequipment and ventilation systems concerned will beinspected by inspection officers whereas the buildingplans will be processed by the plan processing officersat either the New Projects Division or the New AirportCore Projects Division as appropriate. Where necessary,discussions will be held with the respective applicants,architects, contractors or consultants.2*23 Relevant FSD Policy and Procedural Instructionsare in place as guidance for officers dealing with theaforesaid fire protection matters. Nevertheless, in caseof doubt or in the course of processing a particular casewhich is not covered by these written instructions, theofficers concerned can at any time seek guidance andadvice from the Sections Heads or Deputy Chief FireOfficer or the Chief Fire Officer (Protection).Investigation of complaints2.24 As regards the investigation and handling ofcomplaints and enquiries, general procedures are laiddown in the relevant FPB Command Standing Orders.Relevant Procedural Instructions for the investigation ofcomplaints on fire protection matters have also beenissued for adoption and compliance by FSD's various unitsinvolved in receiving and investigating complaints onfire protection matters.- 10 -


2.25 According to the laid down FSD Standing Ordersand other relevant instructions, all complaints receivedwill be dealt with as speedily as possible, and only twopriorities, namely *High' and 'Normal', are set for theinvestigation of different types of complaints on fireprotection matters.2.26 In essence, complaints accorded with v High'priority such as those posing imminent danger to thepublic will be responded to within 24 hours and thecomplainant will be advised of the outcome within 14days. As for those with 'Normal' priority, they willalso be investigated as soon as possible within 14 daysfrom the date of them being received and the complainantwill be informed of the result within 30 days. If in thecourse of investigation, the officer discovers otherirregularities not within his purview, he will refer thecase to the appropriate unit(s) for action.2.27 A complaint register is kept at respective unitto record the complaints received, results of theinvestigations and reasons for any delay.A Chart on Division of Responsibilities2.28 A table showing the division ofresponsibilities relating to the planning, control andmonitoring of EVAs and FSIs and equipment amongst theHeadquarters Command's Planning Group, FPB's New Projectsand FSIs Divisions and the three Regional OperationalCommands is at Annex VIII.- 11 -


3ROLESOF OTHERDEPARTMENTSANDORGANISA TIONSROLES OF OTHER DEPARTMENTS AND ORGANISATIONS3.1 Whilst the FSD has an overall responsibilityfor regulating and supervising the provision, maintenanceand inspection of EVAs and FSIs and equipment in thepublic and private building developments in Hong Kong,other relevant government departments/branch (includingHD # Lands D # * BD, Plan D, HAD and Arch SD) have also theirown specific roles to play in these matters. This Officehad examined their respective roles and involvement inthis regard.3.2 In addition, as the HKHS constructs and managesa large number of housing estates and other properties,this Office had also examined its policy, practices andprocedures in respect of the provision, maintenance andinspection of EVAs and FSIs and equipment in theseestates. The outcome of our examination is detailed inthe following paragraphs of this Chapter.HDGeneral3.3 The HD, the executive arm of the HousingAuthority (HA), plans and builds public housing estates(PHEs) , either for rent or sale under the Home OwnershipScheme (HOS), and Temporary Housing Areas (THAs). Italso manages PHEs, HOS, THAs and other housing facilitiesthroughout the territory.- 12 -


3.4 Under S. 41 (1) (aa) of the BO, the HA isexempted from the provisions of the BO which, under S.16(1) (b), requires building plans to be examined andapproved by the D of FS. Notwithstanding this statutoryexemption,the HD has drawn up its internal policy,practices and procedures in respect of EVAs and FSIs andequipment in the construction of the HA buildings and HOScourts.3.5 Under the HD's internal policy, the design ofEVAs and FSIs and equipment for all new rental and HOSprojects are required to be submitted to the FSD forapproval prior to the commencement of construction work.There are internal Technical Guides and Manuals on thedesign of estate roads, EVAs and FSIs and equipment forthe project teams to follow. These guides and manualsare reviewed and revised periodically. Copies ofBuildings Technical Guides-External Works 114, 115, 116showing the design practices to be adopted, are at AnnexIX(a)- (c) . In terms of the Private Sector ParticipationScheme (PSPS) projects, the developer concerned has tocomply with the prevailing legislative requirements underthe control of the BD and FSD as these are not regardedas HA property.Internal Policy, Practices and Procedures in Respect ofEVAs and FSIs and Equipment3.6 According to the HD's practices and procedures,standard FSIs and equipment drawings for standard blocksare separately submitted by the department's Design andStandards Team to the FSD for comment/approval at thedetailed design stage. The approved drawings are used bythe Project Teams for individual projects which maymodify the design, if necessary, to suit the projectsituation.3.7 For each individual project, at the earlyplanning stage, the master layout plan showing theproposed EVAs is circulated to the FSD amongst othergovernment departments for their initial comments. Atthe detailed design stage, general building plans whichalso indicate the EVA layout are submitted to the FSD forapproval. Upon approval of the layouts, FSIs andequipment drawings based on the approved building plansare submitted to the FSD for reference and recordpurposes.- 13 -


3.8 During construction, the general building plansand EVA layout may be, if required, modified for resubmissionto the FSD for approval. Upon the completionof the installation of PSIs and equipment and fireman'slifts, the Registered FSI Contractor submits Form 501(Annex X) via the Project Architect to the FSD requestingfor the necessary inspection and testing.3.9 Procedures and arrangements are in place in theHD to ensure that EVAs and FSIs and equipment in PHEs andHOS flats under its management do comply with the FSDsafety standards. For estates where there are designatedEVAs, their plans are available and copies of which arekept up-to-date and displayed on the estate office noticeboards. Prior approval would be sought from the FSD forany subsequent alteration or any works that may affectthe EVAs.3.10 Emergency crash gates and signages warning thepublic to keep clear of and cause no obstruction to EVAsare erected at the relevant entrances. The managementstaff of public housing and HOS estates conduct regularpatrol and spot checks to ensure that they are free fromobstruction. To deter illegal parking which may causeobstruction to EVAs, routine enforcement actionsincluding issuing fixed penalty tickets to, towing awayand impounding of offending vehicles are taken by theestate management staff.3.11 As for FSIs and equipment in estates, they areregularly checked and maintained by the staff of the HD'sMaintenance Division. Detailed procedures andmaintenance activities are given in HD's Paper onPractice on Maintenance of Fire Fighting Facilities inPublic Housing Estates (Annex XI).Plans for Improving the Existing Provision for EVAs andFSIs and Equipment in PHEs3.12 Soon after the Yue Wan Estate fire in July1995, an Inter Departmental Working Group was establishedto examine the feasibility of enhancing and upgrading theprovision of EVAs and FSIs and equipment in PHEs. ThisWorking Group has since drawn up various recommendationsfor the necessary improvement works. Further details ofthe work of this Working Group including the formulationof recommendations and their implementation programmes- 14 -


and other related matters will be discussed in detailsrespectively in Chapters 4 and 5 of this report.BDCentralized Plan Processing (CPP)3.13 Before 1976, under the repealed Building(Administration) Regulation 16, it was, prior tosubmitting any plans to the Building Authority (BA) ( Note 1 ), the duty of every Authorised Person (AP) (i.e. anarchitect, a civil or structural engineer or a surveyoras defined under S. 2 of the BO), to make properinquiries and ascertain the requirements of all relevantgovernment departments or offices. In order tofacilitate the process, the BA has assumed the role asthe co-ordinator since 1976,3.14 The Development Division of the BD has been setup to be responsible for, inter alia, the administrationof the CPP. It is headed by an Assistant Director with asupporting team of 7 Chief Building Surveyors, 13 SeniorBuilding Surveyors and 45 basic professionals.3.15 The CPP is administered as follows - uponreceipt of an application for building development/redevelopment, a Chief Building Surveyor (who is theDirector of Building's delegated officer in respect ofthe administration of the CPP) will circulate theproposal(s) to all relevant government departments/offices for comments. During this consultation stage,the FSD tenders its advice on the EVA and FSIrequirements where appropriate.3.16 Internally within the BD, the Chief BuildingSurveyor will carry out "fundamental checks' inaccordance with a check-list, i.e. Standard Proforma 3 9(Annex XII) . Subsequent to these checks, the BA willreach a conclusion and decide whether the applicationshould be approved or refused. All submissions are boundby statutory time limits. Consultations, in general,will be completed in 45 days for new submissions and 25days for re submissions. A copy of a self-explanatoryPractice Note to Authorised Persons and RegisteredStructural Engineers number 30 is at Annex XIII.- 15 -


Building Committees I & II3.17 The Building Committees I & II have been set upto consider policy, procedures/ interpretation andimplementation of the BO and allied legislation inrespect of building proposals. As the BD's in-houseadvisory committees, they are chaired by the AssistantDirector of Buildings (Development) , and .comprise theAssistant Director's divisional Chief Building Surveyors.3.18 The Building Committee I considers matters ofinterest to the Lands D and the Plan D. Where necessary,building proposals will be submitted to this Committeefor consideration, and representatives of relevantgovernment departments such as those from the FSD areinvited to attend its meetings when required. TheBuilding Committee II considers matters relating tointerpretation and implementation of the BO andRegulations, and other associated legislation.3.19 Detailed information regarding these twoCommittees including their terms of reference, workingprocedures, etc. are contained in the BD's DevelopmentDivision Manual Practice Note 22, and a copy of which isin Annex XIV.Procedures for Dealing with FSIs and Equipment3.20 The provision of FSIs and equipment in privatebuildings was first included as a statutory requirementof the BO on 8 January 1964. The objective is to enablethe BA to refuse -(a) approving building plans if the plans donot show the minimum FSIs and equipmentrequired for the safety of the building;and(b) issuing an occupation permit for abuilding if the FSIs and equipment are notinstalled and in good working order.3.21 Before 1964, the above requirements had beenimposed under an administrative arrangement. TheBuilding (Amendment) Bill 1963 was enacted to statutorilyempower the BA to deal with matters in this respect.This regularised an established administrative procedure.- 16 -


It now remains the position that buildings, whencompleted, should be equipped with the FSIs and equipmentnecessary for the extinguishment of fire and protectionof life and property.3.22 The specific technical requirements of FSIs andequipment are not provided in the BO and its subsidiaryregulations. ; These are found in the *Code of Practicefor Minimum Fire Service Installations and Equipment andInspection and Testing of Installations and Equipment'published by the FSD. The D of FS will consider whetherthe building plans submitted show the required FSIs andequipment or that the FSIs and equipment are installed ingood working order. When satisfied, the D of FS willissue relevant certificates (F.S. 161 and F.S. 172 - seeparas. 3.23 and 3.24 below) to that effect. The BD doesnot have a direct or active role to play in this part ofthe process.3.23 When building plans are submitted by an AP tothe BA for approval under the BO, they are referred tothe FSD for checking on whether the necessary FSIs andequipment have been incorporated on the plans. The BAwill approve the plans if FSD advises that a certificate,i.e. F.S. 161, on the incorporation is issued. The BAwill disapprove the plans if a certificate is not issued.In the latter case, the FSD will separately inform AP ofthe inadequacy.3.24 When a new building is completed, an AP willapply to the FSD direct for the testing of FSIs andequipment in the building. If the FSD is satisfied thatthe FSIs and equipment are in good working order, it willissue a certificate, i.e. F.S. 172, to the effect. TheBA would only issue an Occupation Permit after such acertificate has been produced by an AP.3.25 The BA is empowered under S. 21(6) of the BO torefuse to issue an Occupation Permit where an applicantfails to produce a FSD certificate (i.e. F.S. 172) to theeffect that FSIs and equipment are provided and in goodworking order. The power under this legislation isdiscretionary. Any person prejudiced by such a decisionmay appeal to an Appeal Tribunal constituted under S. 43of the BO.- 17 ~


Legislative work and % Codes of Practice'3.26 Where there is any legislative proposalcontemplated and submitted such as an amendment to theBO, the PELS would be responsible for taking suchproposal forward for enactment in consultation with theBD and other relevant departments.3.27 The following three 'Codes of Practice' areissued by the BA to APs, registered structural engineersand other parties involved in the design and constructionof a building -(a)The Code of Practice for Means of Accessfor Firefighting and Rescue;(b) The Code of Practice for Fire ResistingConstruction; and(c)The Code of Practice for Means of Escape.The above Codes of Practice provide guidance oncompliance with the requirements for means of access tobuildings and for fire resisting construction as laiddown in regulations 41A, 41B and 41C of the Building(Planning) Regulations and Part XV of the Building(Construction) Regulations where appropriate. They arerevised regularly by the BA.LANDS D3.28 As pointed out in para. 1.2 above, theprovision of EVAs was not a mandatory requirement priorto 1980. .In that particular year, as a result ofconsultation between the D of FS and the then BuildingsOrdinance Office (BOO), a clause was included in all newland leases to the effect that adequate access for fireappliances and fire personnel should be provided to allbuildings and structures erected on the lot concerned.3.29 Amendments to the above lease condition hadbeen made as a result of further consultations anddiscussions amongst government departments concerned. ..InSeptember 1988, the clause had further been revised toensure the provision of suitable means of access for thepassage of Fire Services appliances and Fire Servicespersonnel to any buildings erected on the lot concerned.- 18 -


This revised condition- was embodied in the BOO'sTechnical Circular No. 615 dated 20.9.1988 (Annex XV) .3.30 The above revised lease clause has been adoptedfor use since 1988. As the provision of EVAs is nowspecifically required under the lease, compliance withthis condition will be checked upon submission ofbuilding plans. The Lands D has a duty to ensure thatall the lease conditions including this "access' clauseare fulfilled before it issues a Certificate ofCompliance (C of C) to the Grantee/Tenant/Purchaser. Inthe checking process, the Lands D will consult the BD andFSD as appropriate.3.31 The above-mentioned requirements apply to newland leases and not redevelopments without any change inthe conditions under old leases. In the event that thedeveloper fails to comply with any of the leaseconditions such as the above EVA provision, the Lands Dmay refuse to issue a C of C. In such a situation, thedeveloper could not sell the property in question.District Lands Conferences3.32 District Lands Conferences are set up under thevarious regional District Lands Offices of the Lands D toconsider, inter alia, the terms and conditions for thedisposal of land, both permanent and temporary, includingGovernment land allocations, etc. They are also a forumto discuss matters relating to land administration andspecial conditions (including the standard EVA clause)applicable to the lease of land as well as redevelopmentand new development proposals. Relevant governmentdepartments including the FSD are represented on theseConferences. The terms of reference and composition ofthese Conferences are in Annex XVI.PLAN DTown Planning System3.33 The Plan D is mainly responsible for theoperation of the town planning system. Town planning isthe process of guiding and controlling the developmentand use of land and space on land. In Hong Kong, it isconducted under a three-tier planning system- 19 -


territorial/strategic, sub-regional and district. Withinthis system, only planning activities at the districtlevel would directly or indirectly involve the planningand provision of EVAs through the processing of planningapplications made under the Town Planning Ordinance (TPO)Cap. 131, the preparation of departmental plans,commenting on building plans and preparation of planningbriefs for development schemes such as PHEs. Theprovision of FSIs and equipment within a building ismainly a matter related to the internal design ofindividual buildings and is a peripheral land useplanning aspect.District Planning3.34 At the district planning level, both statutoryand non-statutory departmental plans are prepared.Statutory plans include Outline Zoning Plans (OZPs) andthe Development Permission Area (DPA) (Note 2) Plans. Theyare prepared and exhibited by the Town Planning Board(TPB) under the provisions of the TPO. Being the bodyproviding executive and administrative support to theTPB, the Plan D is responsible for the preparation ofplanning studies, draft of plans and consultation withthe public on the planning proposals in the plansprepared by the TPB. These plans, usually drawn in smallscales (1:5000, 1:7500 or 1:10000), show the broad landuse patterns and the major road and other transportsystems for the districts covered.3.35 EVAs, similar to minor roads, are relativelydetailed proposals and are not shown on plans of thesescales. The broad zoning approach and the imposition ofrestrictions on building height, site coverage and plotratio on statutory plans are ways to control the types ofbuildings to be developed on various sites mainly for theplanning purpose of achieving compatibility, good urbandesign and townscape, as well as adequate infrastructure.They do not deal with matters related to various buildingcodes and fire services codes. To supplement theinformation shown on small-scale OZPs and DPA plans, thePlan D has to prepare large-scale departmental plansshowing more details on minor roads, land sub-division,building lines, site levels, EVAs, etc.- 20 -


Developments Requiring TPB's Permission3.36 In respect of developments requiring permissionfrom the TPB, the Plan D is responsible for processingthe applications for submission to the TPB forconsideration. The process includes consultation withrelevant government departments, including the FSD, onthe proposals. Views on EVA/FSI provisions would bereferred to the TPB, together with other considerations.If a development proposal is acceptable in other aspectsand if there is no adverse comment from the FSD, the TPBwould approve the application without attaching anapproval condition regarding the provision of EVA. Onlyif a provision of or a modification to the proposed EVAis required by the FSD would an approval conditionrequiring the design and provision of an EVA to thesatisfaction of the FSD or of the TPB then be attached tothe permission.3.37 For some applications, such as those relatingto the change of use within existing buildings whichalready satisfy EVA requirements and the operation oflocal provision stores and certain retail shops inindustrial buildings, the TPB would advise the applicantto provide separation between the shop and adjoiningindustrial premises with fire resisting materials to thesatisfaction of the BA. However, the Plan D wouldinvariably recommend the TPB to reject applications forrestaurants or large-scale retail facilities inindustrial buildings due to the high fire risk and strongobjection of the FSD on fire safety grounds.Restrictions on Land Use in Stepped Street Areas3.38 In the process of designating land use zones onOZPs and DPA plans, the TPB would take into account allrelevant considerations relating to the health, generalwelfare, convenience, and safety of the community. Inthe amendment to the Mid-Levels West OZP, Wan Chai OZP,Sheung Wan & Sai Ying Pun OZP and Kennedy Town OZP, theTPB imposed restrictions on developments abutting steppedstreets which are not directly accessible to traffic,including emergency vehicles. The TPB restricts anyredevelopment in stepped street areas to a maximumbuilding height of 12 storeys and a maximum plot ratio of5. Also, no commercial development would be allowed.(For a more detailed discussion on the v Redevelopments in- 21 -


Stepped Street Areas', please see paras. 4.22 - 4.3 7 inChapter 4 below.)Delineation of EVAs on Outline Development Plans/LayoutPlans3.3 9 in order to supplement the broad land usezonings on OZPs, the Plan D also prepares outlinedevelopment plans (scale 1:2000 to 1:10000), and/orlayout plans (scale 1:500 to 1:100) to provide moreinformation on development details. In the course ofpreparing these plans ; government departments includingthe FSD are consulted on the need to provide EVAs and theappropriate alignments.3.40 In many cases, EVAs are provided by generalvehicular access and service roads and there is nospecific need to highlight EVAs separately on the plans.For industrial areas, 9m wide industrial fire escapes andservice roads are required. On the layout plans for"Village Type Development' ( X V) zones, delineation ofEVAs in general follows the following guidelines -(a) access to be provided for fire appliancesto reach within 3 0m from any building;(b) fire appliance access to be not less than4.5m in width with a headroom clearance ofat least 4.5m; and(c) standard pedestal type fire hydrants to.beprovided along all motorableroads/emergency accesses at 100m interval.Delineation of EVAs on Village Layout Plan andImplementation3.41 The drawing up of EVAs alignment on the villagelayout plans does not guarantee that the provision ofsuch accesses would be forthcoming. The implementationof proposals in layout plans, such as the provision ofroads and community facilities, is regulated throughpublic works programmes and works items under the RuralPlanning and Improvement Strategy administered by variousworks departments and the HAD respectively. Due toresource constraints, the implementation of road works is- 22 -


prioritised and always encounters resistance fromaffected villagers where land resumption is required.Mainly for historical reasons, village settlements areusually very compact in the core, but houses arescattered apart in the periphery. Coupled with the landresumption and resource problems, the provision of EVAsin X V zones has to face a number of difficulties.3.42 Therefore, irrespective of whether a village iscovered by a layout plan or not, in granting aCertificate of Exemption (C of E) for Small Houses toindividual villagers, it would be very difficult ,for theLands D to impose a condition requiring the provision ofan EVA. (The issue of a C of E is administered by theLands D and is used to control authorisation of buildingwork in respect of development under the BuildingsOrdinance (Application to the New Territories)Ordinance.)3.43 Similarly, for an application for thedevelopment of a single village house in 'Green Belt' or'Agriculture' zone, it would be difficult for the TPB toimpose a condition requiring the provision of an EVAbecause it would obviously be outside one villager'sability to provide the access which could satisfy theFSD's requirements because of difficult problems such asland ownership, construction cost, and subsequentmanagement and maintenance responsibility. •3.44 In view of these problems, the low-rise natureof the village houses and the small population to beserved, the FSD has proposed to set a criterion ofrequiring a development of ten houses or more as a majoror 'large' development to include the provision of anEVA. When such developments require planning permission,this criterion would become a necessary condition whensuch development is recommended by the Plan D to the TPBfor its consideration. The government departmentsconcerned have yet to resolve this particular issue.3.45 To conclude the above, the Plan D's involvementin the provision of EVAs and PS Is and equipment inrespect of building developments vis-a-vis othergovernment departments such as the FSD and the BD isindirect, and is achieved through plan preparation/processing of applications for development and commentingon building plans.- 23 -


HADResumption of Private Streets3.46 It should be noted that, generally speaking,some private streets have always been a source ofenvironmental nuisance. Common problems found in thesestreets include illegal parking, flooding caused bychoked drains, unauthorised extensions and structures,and hawking. Apart from these nuisances, there may alsoexist fire risks in such streets, i.e. because of theabsence of control, the carriageway and pavements of someprivate streets are obstructed at all times by abandonedvehicles, hawker stalls and goods and machinery from theshop operators. These obstructions pose a threat to thesafety of the residents. They make it difficult, if notexactly impossible in some cases, for emergency vehiclesto gain access to premises within the street in case ofneed.3.47 By clearing and reconstructing these privatestreets, the HAD is making efforts towards resolving theEVA problem, amongst others, in these streets. Duringthe whole resumption process, the HAD will work closelywith relevant government departments including the FSD.Private Street Resumption Committee (PSRC)3.48 In mid-1986, the PSRC was established to coordinatethe efforts of the government departments indrawing up the private street resumption programme and tooversee the progress of resumption. The purpose of theresumption of private streets is to enable theAdministration to upgrade the condition of certainprivate streets which are in disrepair and lack of propermanagement to the normal Highways Department standard,and to take on their subsequent repair/maintenance andmanagement responsibilities. The Director of HomeAffairs (D of HA) is the chairman of this Committee.3.49 The PSRC is responsible for, inter alia,establishing the criteria for the selection of streetsfor inclusion in the private streets resumption programmeand co-ordinating departmental actions and reviewingprogress of the resumption programme at periodicintervals. (For more detailed discussion, please seeparas. 4.65 - 4.68 in Chapter 4..)..- 24 -


Building Management Coordination Committee (BMCC) andLists of Target Buildings (TBs) in Districts3.50 BMCCs were first established in 1985 for thepurposes of, inter alia, identifying and examininggeneral/specific building management and related problemsin the TBs and making recommendations for rectification.Over the past 9 years, 9 such committees have been set upin 9 urban districts which include Yau Tsim Mong,Eastern, Wan Chai, Central and Western, Kowloon City,Kwai Tsing, Tsuen Wan, Kwun Tong and Shamshuipo. TheBMCCs at Kwai Tsing and Tsuen Wan deal with industrialbuildings only. So they are also called the ''IndustrialBuilding Management Coordination Committee" (IBMCC). TheBMCC at Kwun Tong and Shamshuipo deal with both theresidential and industrial buildings. The others dealwith residential and commercial buildings.3.51 Each BMCC is chaired by the respective DistrictOfficer and comprises staff of the Building ManagementCoordination Team (BMCT) and representatives from anumber of government departments which have specificresponsibilities in enforcing the various legislationrelating to building management. The terms of referenceand membership of the district BMCC or IBMCC arereproduced at Annexes XVII & XVIII respectively forreference.3.52 A BMCC is responsible for identifyingproblematic buildings for inclusion into a list of TBs.One of the purposes of drawing up such a list is for theBMCC to advise and assist management bodies of such TBsto improve their management standards through concertedefforts of the concerned government departments.3.53 One of the criteria used in identifyingproblematic buildings for their inclusion into the listof TBs relates to fire safety considerations, e.g. apossibility of fire hazard due to obstructions or substandardFSIs and equipment. The full criteria are atAnnex XIX.3.54 Most of the TBs were built in the late 1970sand early 1980s and were equipped with comparatively nonsophisticatedFSIs and equipment or with no FSIs andequipment at all in accordance with the legislativerequirements prevailing at that time. In improving thefire safety of the TBs, the FSD's efforts are being- 25 -


concentrated on eliminating fire hazards inside thesebuildings as far as possible by requiring the owners tomake good any defective fire fighting equipments due tolack of maintenance. Such owners, however, would not beasked to add or to modify FSIs and equipment up to thecurrent standard. Furthermore, most TBs are notbuildings within private estates. Many of them are builton lots abutting or surrounded by public roads or streetsand do not have EVA problems that require the BMCC toresolve.ARCH SDConstruction of Public Sector Buildings3.55 Basically, the Arch SD designs and supervisesthe construction of all public buildings (including UrbanCouncil, Regional Council and Hospital Authorityfacilities), except PHEs or other properties of the HA.Most of these buildings are also maintained by theDepartment. The actual building types cover a widespectrum of facilities required by the public. Examplesare hospitals and clinics, schools, markets, games halls,museums, magistrates, government offices, policestations, fire stations, etc.Requirements for and Maintenance of EVAs and FSIs andEquipment in Public Sector Buildings3.56 Requirements for EVAs are not normally includedin the Engineering Conditions (EC) (sample copy at AnnexXX) that come with the allocation of land. The Arch SDalways acts in full compliance with the requirementsstipulated in the EC as well as the requirements forEVAs.3.57 In regard to FSIs and equipment, legally,Government buildings are exempted from the requirementsof the BO. In practice, however, Arch SD's new designsand installation of FSIs and equipment are undertaken inaccordance with the FSD regulations and requirementswhich are current at the time of theapproving/construction stages. In major renovations andrefurbishment of old buildings, FSIs and equipment areusually brought up to current standards under FSDrequirements. All works, both new construction and- 26 -


enovations, are carried out by registered FSIcontractors as in the private sector. Buildings, uponcompletion of construction, will be handed over to theusers. For FSIs and equipment in buildings under itsmaintenance, the Arch SD manages contracts in regularlyservicing, testing and maintaining the installations inaccordance with FSD requirements.3.58 Insofar as the maintenance of EVAs isconcerned, it is the responsibility of the management ofthe buildings concerned to ensure that EVAs in theirbuildings should be free from obstruction at all times.HKHS3.59 The HKHS is an independent non-profit-makingorganisation which provides affordable, purpose-builtflats. Apart from the Hong Kong Housing Authority, theHKHS designs, constructs and manages a large number ofestates and projects including rental housing estates inHong Kong. With such heavy housing commitments, the HKHShas an important and undisputed responsibility ofmaintaining all these properties in safe and soundconditions, and of upkeeping them in order to meet therelevant government regulations and requirements.Insofar as the provision, inspection and maintenance ofEVAs and FSIs and equipment are concerned, this formspart of the HKHS's many ongoing maintenance programmes.Estates Built Before 1980 - EVAs3.60 A large number of the HKHS's rental estateswere built before 1980. However, as the provision ofEVAs was not a mandatory requirement prior to thatparticular year, there was therefore no requirement atthat time for the HKHS to provide EVAs in these oldestates. After the fatal fire in Yue Wan Estate, the FSDhad conducted a territory-wide survey to cover all thePHEs including those managed by the HKHS on EVAs and FSIsand equipment matters. A total of 19 housing estatesunder the management of the HKHS were visited, andobstructions to EVAs by various means were found duringsome of these visits* Recommendations for improving theEVAs in these housing estates had been made by the FSDand subsequently been accepted by the HKHS for- 27 -


implementation. A list of the recommendations forimprovement works made and adopted is at Annex XXI.New Building Projects - EVAs3.61 Insofar as the HKHS's new projects areconcerned (including those completed after 1980),adequate EVAs requirements have been/will be incorporatedinto the relevant building plans in accordance with theprevailing fire service standards and regulations.Today, the HKHS maintains close liaison with the FSD forthe purposes of ensuring that EVAs in its estates arekept clear at all times.Maintenance and Inspection of FSIs and Equipment inHKHS's Estates3.62 As regards FSIs and equipment in its estates,the HKHS engages specialist contractors to carry out thenecessary inspection on all FSIs and equipment in itsestates and other properties under its management on anannual basis. The contractor is required to issue acertificate (FS 251) within 14 days after completion ofthe work to the HKHS and forward a copy to the D of FS inaccordance with Section 9 of the Fire Service(Installations and Equipment) Regulations. In additionto engaging its contractor to carry out inspection andoverhaul of the FSIs and equipment in its estates andother properties under its management, the HKHS alsomaintains a standard schedule (Annex XXII) for its ownteam of estate management staff to inspect and examinethe effectiveness of the FSIs and equipment concerned toensure that they are all ready for use when the needarises.Upgrading of Existing FSIs and Equipment in HKHS'sEstates3.63 After the Yue Wan Estate fire, the HKHS hadheld a meeting with the FSD's representatives to discussthe feasibility and possibility of upgrading the FSIs andequipment in all its estates. The FSD had made somerecommendations which were subsequently adopted by theHKHS for implementation. These recommendations mainlyinvolved the provisions of fire hydrant/hose reel- 28 -


systems, exit signs, emergency lightings and portablefire extinguishers, etc. to the estate blocks concerned.Liaison between the HKHS and the FSD is still beingmaintained with a view to implementing theserecommendations.- 29 -


EVAs - POLICIES,ENFORCEMENTAND RELATED MATTERSPOLICIES4.1 The purpose of an EVA is to assist the FSD inthe carrying out of fire fighting and rescue operationsin the event of a fire or other emergency.4.2 Prior to 1964, building plans were not requiredto be submitted to the FSD for approval and it was notuntil 1980 that the provision of EVAs to new buildingswas made a mandatory requirement for certain types of butnot all developments (para. 4.4 below). Between 19G4 and1980, the FSD's policy, which was advisory in nature, wasthe provision of an EVA to one face of the building.4.3 After 1980, agreement was reached with the thenCrown Land and Survey Office to include an 'Access forFire Services Appliances and Personnel' clause in thelease document of all developments. A copy of thestandard clause is in Annex XXIII. However, this clausecannot be applied to redevelopments unless there is achange in scope or lease conditions.EVA Requirements4.4 The FSD has since 1980 formulated a set of morecomprehensive departmental policies and requirements withregard to the provision of accesses for fire appliancesin various types of building developments. Theserequirements, which have been revised from time to timeas necessary, are applied across the board, and there isno difference in standard for public and private- 30 -


developments. Mainly speaking, there are minimumcriteria to be followed in respect of developments in theso-called virgin areas (i.e. new sites)and redevelopmentsareas with or without a change in lease conditions.4.5 With regard to access to developments in virginareas, the minimum criteria are, mainly speaking, asfollows -(a) For industrial lots, the standardsspecified in the "Minimum StandardIndustrial Access Roads" as laid down inthe Hong Kong Planning Standards andGuidelines ( Note 3 ) should be adopted (acopy of a relevant extract is at AnnexXXIV) .(b) For occupancies where there are statutoryaccess requirements, such as cinemas andtheatres, the provisions of the respectivelegislation will be adopted.(c) Emergency access will not normally berequired for domestic buildings of 3-storey or below, unless they form part ofa major development venture, in which caseaccess for a pumping appliance to reachwithin 3 0 m unimpeded distance from anybuilding on the lot must be provided.(d) In case of other types of occupancy,direct access for fire appliances must beavailable to at least one principal faceof each and every building with theexception of special developments inremote areas with minimal life/fire risksuch as microwave transmitter station,beach houses, etc. which can be subject tospecial consideration.(e) Access roads should normally be not lessthan the minimum standard of aroad/street, i.e. 7.3 m. For areas whereno purpose-built roads are designed,emergency access lanes of not less than 6m wide must be provided. If there is anyoverhead structure, a clear headroom ofnot less than 4.5m must be maintained.- 31 -


4.6 As for re-developments with or without a changein lease condition, the minimum criteria are, mainlyspeaking, as follows -(a)Commercial buildings - low and high riseDirect vehicular access for Fire Servicesappliances must be provided to a majorface of the building. The street or roadserving such major face of the buildingshall have a minimum carriageway width of6 m to permit the efficient manoeuvring ofFire Services appliances for rescue andfire fighting purposes.(b) Domestic buildings (over 3 storeys inheight)Buildings served by one staircaseDirect vehicular access for Fire Servicesappliances must be provided to a majorface of the building. The street or roadserving such major face of the buildingshall have a minimum carriageway width of6 m to permit the manoeuvring of FireServices appliances for rescue purposes.Buildings served by two or more staircasesA pumping appliance position within 30 munimpeded distance from FSI ( Note 4 ) inlet/smust be provided, but this can be variedwithin reason by the approving officer totake account of special local features.(c) Domestic buildings - high rise (i.e. ofapproximately 30 m or more in height)A pumping appliance position within 3 0 munimpeded distance from the FSI ( Note 4 )inlet/s must be provided, but this can bevaried within reason by the approvingofficer to take account of special localfeatures.4.7 In fact, the FSD has laid down different EVArequirements for different types of building developments- 32 -


such as hotels, institutional buildings, places of publicentertainment, shipyards and others in the territory.Detailed requirements are given in FSD HeadquartersPolicy Instruction No. 3 7 (Annex XXV) . Internally withinthe FSD, these requirements are promulgated in thisHeadquarters Policy Instruction as well as the FPBPolicy Instruction No. 67 (Annex XXVI) to guide officersdealing with developments and building plan processing.Externally, these requirements are made known to APs andother relevant government departments including the HD,Arch SD and BD by means of FSD Circular Letters (a copyat Annex XXVII).ENFORCEMENT4.8 As mentioned in the beginning of this Chapter(i.e. para. 4.2), provision of EVAs was not a mandatoryrequirement prior to 198 0, and it was only in this yearthat the requirement for the provision of EVAs was firstincluded as a clause in the lease documents in respect ofthe new developments and redevelopments with a change inscope or lease conditions.4.9 At present, there is no legislation whichstipulates EVA requirements nor is there any statutoryrequirement for redevelopment projects without a changein the lease conditions to provide EVAs to the D of FS'sor BA' s satisfaction. Compliance of the above EVArequirements is, at present, enforced through the processof building plans.Approval of Building Plans - Private Buildings4.10 Prior to 1964, building plans were not requiredto be submitted to the FSD for examination and approval.In 1964, Section 16(1) (b) was added to the BO, Chapter123, which enabled the D of FS to, inter alia, give hisviews or to show his concern on the inadequacy or lack ofFSIs (but not EVAs) when building plans were consideredand examined. This specific part of the legislationreads -u The Building Authority may refuse to give hisapproval of any plans of building works wherethe plans are not endorsed with or accompanied- 33 -


y a certificate from the Director of FireServices certifying either -(i)that,• having regard to the purpose towhich the building is intended to beput (which purpose shall be stated inthe certificate), no fire serviceinstallation or equipment isnecessary in connexion with thebuilding that will result from thecarrying out of the building worksshown on the plans; or(ii) that the plans have been examined andare approved by him as showing allsuch fire service installations andequipment as in his opinion, havingregard to the purpose to which thebuilding is intended to be put (whichpurpose shall be stated in thecertificate) , comprise the minimumfire service installations andequipment necessary for such buildingin accordance with a Code of Practicepublished from time to time by theDirector of Fire Services."4.11 After an AP or a developer has submitted abuilding plan to the BA under the BO for considerationand approval, the BD will circulate the relevant buildingproposal to relevant government departments for comments.During this consultation stage, the FSD will tender itsadvice on the EVA (although legally speaking, this is notnecessary) and FSI requirements where appropriate.4.12 On the other hand, as the requirement for EVAshas since 1980 been made mandatory in the form of aclause included in all land leases, the Lands D willcheck whether this condition has been complied with uponsubmission of building plans. It will ensure that allthe lease conditions including this 'access 7 clause havebeen fulfilled before it issues a Certificate ofCompliance to the Grantee/Tenant/Purchaser. In thechecking process, the Lands D will consult the BD and FSDas appropriate.4.13 Under Section 16(1) of the BO, the BA has thepower to refuse to give his approval of any plans of- 34 -


uilding works. This legislation does not howeverempower the BA to disapprove building plans because EVAis not available to a site. The D of FS, when beingconsulted on these plans, can reflect his concern on theinadequacy or lack of such access due to topographicalconstraints. The BA has from time to time invoked theresidual planning power under Section 16(1) (g) of the BOto restrict development on sites without vehicularaccess. However, such application has not had thesupport of the Buildings Appeal Tribunal (see furtherdiscussion in paras. 4.28 - 4.37 below).LIMITATIONS OP FSO AND BO ON EVA MATTERSSection 2 of the FSO4.14 Section 2 of the FSO provides, inter alia, thatx fire service installation or equipment 7 only means "anyinstallation or equipment manufactured, used or designedto be used for the purposes of -(a) extinguishing, attacking, preventing orlimiting a fire;(b) giving warning of a fire;(c) providing access-to any premises or placefor the purpose of extinguishing,attacking, preventing or limiting a fire."4.15 The D of FS cannot therefore cite the aboveinterpretation of thex fire service installation orequipment' as grounds to decline the issue of acertificate to the BA under Section 16(1) (b) of the BO.Accordingly, all the building plans received by the BAmust be dealt with only in terms of the requirements ofSection 16(1) of the BO which, legally speaking, onlydeals with FSI and not EVA matters.4.16 Section 2 of the FSO also defines *fire hazard'as one being as follows -"any other matter or circumstance whichmaterially increases the likelihood of fire orother calamity or the danger to life orproperty that would result from the outbreak offire or the occurrence of any other calamity,or which would materially hamper the Fire- 35 -


Services Department in the discharge of itsduties in the event of fire or other calamity."4.17 The D of FS obtained legal advice in 1975 thathe had the right to, upon occupation of the premisesconcerned, declare the whole building structure as a'fire hazard' within the meaning of Section 2 of the FSOand to take appropriate actions under the same Ordinanceif there was inadequate vehicular access to the structurein question and if that inadequacy materially hamperedthe FSD in the discharge of its duties in the event offire (paras. 4.20 & 4.21 below). Moreover, under Section7(c), it is the duty of the D of FS to u give advice onfire protection measures and fire hazards as the occasionrequires".4.18 On the basis of the above legal advice, the Dof FS had, since 1975, intermittently issued ^warningletters' or, in the 1990s, ^letters of concern' to theAPs or developers concerned in cases where buildings didnot meet the emergency vehicular access requirements.These letters carried the FSD's point of concern over theinadequate access requirements in relation to thebuilding proposals notwithstanding that the FSD, at thesame time, issued a certificate to the AP under Section16(l)(b) of the BO. These letters were copied to the BDwhich would consider whether a suitable recommendationshould be put forward to the Building Committee Part Ifor consideration of the relevant building plan.4.19 This practice of issuing such letters ceased in1990 and was reactivated in 1992 but ceased again in June1994 after a review was carried out by the FSD on thepractical value as well as the legal backing of theseletters. The outcome of such a review revealed, interalia, the lack of a clear legal backing of these letters.Copies of these two types of sample letters are inAnnexes XXVIII & XXVIV respectively.Fire Hazard Abatement Notices (FHANs)4.20 Under Section 9(1) (a) of the FSO, FHANs may beserved upon persons to require them to abate a firehazard. This part of the legislation reads as follows -- 36 -


"The Director, if satisfied of the existence inor on any premises of any fire hazard, mayserve -(i) upon the person by reason of whose act,default or sufferance the fire hazard arose orcontinues, or(ii) if such person is the servant or agent ofsome other person, upon such other person; or(iii)if such person or such other person, asthe case may be, cannot readily be found or isabsent from the Territory, upon the owner,tenant, occupier or person in charge of thepremises in or on which such fire hazardexists,a notice in the form of Form 2 in the FifthSchedule."The Form 2 mentioned above refers to a FHAN. Theprocedural instructions regarding the enforcement ofFHAN actions are given in FSD'sX FPB ProceduralInstruction No. 30' (Annex XXX).4.21 Notwithstanding the legal advice mentioned inpara. 4.17 above, the FSD had in fact not served anyFHANs in respect of structures where there wereinadequate EVAs nor had the Department taken any similarenforcement actions in respect of obstructions (e.g.movable objects like vehicles) to EVAs for at least thepast five years. This Office understands that this mighthave been due to the practicable enforcement difficultiesthe FSD had foreseen in taking such actions, e.g.locating the owners/drivers of the vehicles causingobstructions, these persons being unaware that they hadparked their vehicles on an EVA.Redevelopments in Stepped Street Areas4.22 Along the hillside of Hong Kong Island, thereare a number of sites abutting streets that are steppedand at split levels and are thus not accessible tovehicles. Previously, because of the FSD's requirementthat all new domestic developments should have emergencyaccess to reach at least one major face of the proposedbuilding for fire appliances and rescue equipment to• beeffectively brought into use for the purpose of fire- 37 - .


fighting and emergency operation (paras.4.6(a)&(b)above), access to developments in stepped streetsituations was considered to be unacceptable.4.23 There was therefore much concern from the FSDon the safety of the residents during emergency,especially in case of fire. Before 1974, the BA did nothave a policy of controlling the height and density ofdevelopments along stepped streets which wereinaccessible to vehicular traffic. The number ofproposals for high-rise buildings, i.e. 6 storeys andover, was not high. Throughout the territory, there wasestimated to be about 20 buildings completed before 1974which exceeded S storeys high erected on stepped streets,including a 17-storey building in Sands Street, KennedyTown.4.24 In August 1974, the then Buildings OrdinanceOffice (BOO) (the predecessor of the BD) issued aPractice Note to all APs to the effect that any newbuilding within stepped streets or similar areas would belimited to a height of 4 storeys. This heightrestriction was subsequently revised to 6 storeys andlater to 7 storeys.4.25 In 1991, the Plan D carried out a study on theidentified stepped streets in the territory with theintention to examine if there were planning, transport,environment or infrastructural reasons for retaining somecontrol over the redevelopment intensity of the sitesalong such streets. The Plan D completed the study andpublished•a report "Redevelopment Along Stepped Streets 7in December 1991 which recommended the following -(a) all sites in stepped street situations ascovered in the report (including SandsStreet Area, U Lam Terrace Area, Wa InFong & Wing Lee Street Area, Prince'sTerrace Area and Sau Wa Fong Area) shouldbe rezoned on the respective statutoryplans for residential use only; and(b) the acceptable redevelopment intensitiesfor the study areas should be divided intothree groups of study areas (Note 5} withrestrictions on building height of 7storeys, or the existing height, whicheveris the greater, being imposed depending- 38 -


on, inter alia, the level of adequacy ofmeans of access.The recommendations of the report were endorsed by thethen Development Progress Committee (Note 6 in January 1992as the basis for controlling the intensity ofredevelopment of private sites along stepped streets.Section 16(1)(g) of the BO4.26 Generally speaking, upon receipt of buildingplans for sites abutting stepped streets, the BA wouldinvoke S. 16 (1) (g) of the BO to reject thoseredevelopments proposals exceeding a building height of 6storeys, either under its first leg on the ground thatthe proposed building would differ in height frombuildings in the immediate neighbourhood; or under itssecond leg for reason that the carrying out of theproposed building works would result in a buildingdiffering in height/intensity from the buildingpreviously existing on the same site. At the same time,a 'Letter of Concern 7 (para. 4.18 above) would be issuedby the FSD to the concerned AP/developer. Relevant partof S.16(l)(g) of the BO reads as follows -U 16.(l) The Building Authority may refuse togive his approval of any plans of buildingworks where -(g)the carrying out of the building worksshown thereon would result in abuilding differing in height, design,type or intended use from buildings inthe immediate neighbourhood orpreviously existing on the same site."4.27 The exercise of the powers under the abovepiece of legislation is an exercise of discretion by theBA. Any decision so made is subject to challenges beforean Appeal Tribunal set up under S. 43 of the BO. On 29July 1992 an Appeal Tribunal allowed a proposal for a 12-storey building at No. 11-13 Sands Street, Kennedy Townand ruled against the BA's original decision to limit thedevelopment to 7 storeys. This case, together with asubsequent similar case of redevelopment at No. 15-17Sands Street, resulted in far-reaching implications onthe BA's time-tested exercise of his residual powers- 39 -


under S. 16 (1) (g) of the BO to restrict redevelopmentswith access problems. Both cases will be discussed ingreater details in the following paragraphs.Redevelopment Proposals at Nos. 11-13 and 15-17 SandsStreet, Kennedy Town4.28 In late 1992, the BA rejected the redevelopmentproposals at the sites at Nos. 11-13 and 15-17 SandsStreet, Kennedy Town respectively. The proposals werefor a 17 storey residential building and a 12 storeyresidential building respectively. In both cases,Section 16 (1) (g) of the BO was invoked to reject theproposals because the BA wasu of the opinion that thecarrying out of the relevant works would result in abuilding differing in height from the building previouslyexisting on the same site". The lack of vehicular accessin Sands Street was a relevant consideration in theexercise of the BA 7 s discretion in both cases. This wasdirectly linked to the fire safety of the proposedbuildings when occupied.4.29 The sites in question were located on a steppedstreet (being Sands Street) to which there was novehicular access. Sands Street is sloped from Rock HillStreet to the north upwards to just below AcademicTerrace on Pokfield Road. There were a number ofbuildings on Sands Street varying in height from a fewstoreys to 25 storeys. If these two proposals (i.e. 17storey and 12 storey buildings) were approved by the BA,these two buildings would not be the tallest on thatstreet. (Four sets of drawings showing the developmentsin the Sands Street neighbourhood and some photographs onthis Street are in Annex XXXII(a)-(g) .) Beingdissatisfied with the BA's decision, the developersconcerned appealed to the Appeal Tribunal fordetermination respectively. The hearings for the twoappeal cases were held in June and March 1993respectively.4.30 For analysis purposes, it is useful to set outthe background'of the two cases as follows -(a)No. 11-13 Sands StreetThe former building of the site was a 6storey building. The developer submitted- 40 -


plans to the BA in July 1990 for a 25storey building to be built on the site.Approval was refused by the BA inSeptember 1990. The developer appealed tothe Appeal Tribunal which dismissed theappeal in December 1990. The developersubmitted further plans in May 1991 for a12 storey building for the site. This wasrejected by the BA, again invoking section16(1)(g) of the BO.Again, the developer appealed to theTribunal and by a decision dated27.7.1992, allowed the developer's appealto build the 12 storey building. Despitethe ruling in his favour, the developer,on 16.9.92, submitted plans to the BAagain for a proposed 17 storey building.The BA refused to grant his approval andthe developer once again appealed to theTribunal. The appeal was allowed.(b)No. 15-17 Sands StreetThe building previously on the site beforeredevelopment consisted of 3 storeys. InOctober 1991, the developer submittedbuilding plans of a 26 storey domesticbuilding which were refused by the BA.The developer applied to the High Courtfor a judicial review of the BA's refusalwhich was dismissed in April 1992. In May1992, the developer submitted plans of a 7storey building which were approved by theBA. In August 1992, the developer revisedplans of a 12 storey building which weredisapproved. The developer then appealedto the Tribunal, and this appeal wasallowed.The issues raised in both appeals mentioned above werelargely similar to each other, and the objections takenby the BA in both refusals also bore a strong resemblanceto its arguments in both appeal cases.4.31 As mentioned in para. 4.24 above, the then BOOissued a Practice Note in 1974 restricting the height ofredevelopment projects to 6 and subsequently 7 storeys.- 41 -


This Note had been consistently applied to the SandsStreet since that year so that no new buildings over 7storeys had been approved. Some of the main argumentsput forward by the BA in support of his refusal of thetwo redevelopment proposals related to theinfrastructural constraints of the sites and the firesafety of the residents concerned, or more precisely forthe latter, the relative fire safety of a 12 and 17storey residential building to a 7 storey residentialbuilding.4.32 On the fire safety aspect, the then BOO wasaware, in both cases, of the FSD's new philosophy on firefighting and fire prevention. The BOO noted that by theprovision of FSIs and equipment of an enhanced standardin situations where a building was not accessible to fireengines and appliances, FSD personnel could fight firesfrom within the building by using the internal FSIs. andequipment. Moreover, by imposing suitable FSDrequirements, all new buildings could be made safe from afire-fighting and fire-prevention point of view. The BOOconsidered, however, that in assessing safety, thequestion of degree should always be borne in mind.4.33 Therefore, irrespective of the internal FSIsand equipment, the taller the building, the less safe itwould be, relatively speaking. This was because a tallerbuilding would accommodate more people, it would take alonger time for these people to escape to a place ofsafety and FSD personnel would have greater difficulty inrescuing those people who were unable to escape. In thecontext of both cases, this meant that relativelyspeaking, a 7 storey building was safer than a 12 storeyor a 17 storey building. Therefore, the lack ofvehicular access in Sands Street was one of the relevantconsiderations in the exercise of the BA's discretionunder S. 16(1) (g) of the BO.4.34 In both appeal cases, the Tribunal considered,inter alia, the infrastructural and town planning as wellas fire safety considerations put forward by the BA inhis refusal of the relevant redevelopment proposals.Decisions of past similar cases of the Tribunal were alsoexamined and taken into account. In relation to suchconsiderations, the Tribunal examined the ambit of S.16(1) (g) of the BO to ascertain whether the BA wasentitled to take into account the same and what- 42 -


legitimately could be taken into account when this subsectionwas used.4.35 After careful deliberation, the Tribunalessentially came to the conclusion that a 17 storeybuilding would not be at a significantly greaterdisadvantage from a fire safety point of view comparedwith a 12 storey one. It subsequently allowed bothappeals mainly for reasons that enhanced FSIs andequipment would be provided in the proposed buildings andsome of these equipment would compensate for the lack ofvehicular access.4.36 This Office has noted that the Administration'sprimary concern over the above two cases was thecumulative effect of allowing unrestricted redevelopmentalong stepped streets. While the decisions of the AppealTribunal in such cases were based on site specificgrounds, the chain effect of allowing unrestricteddevelopment in these areas would impose a significantstrain on infrastructural capacity and would raise safetyconcerns about evacuating large number of residents fromthose areas with narrow lanes and with no or inadequatevehicular access in case of emergency. Following thesetwo appeal cases, the Plan D began to restrictredevelopments in stepped street areas in the context oftown planning process although at the same time, the BAcontinued to reject redevelopment proposals for buildingsexceeding 7 storeys by invoking S. 16(1) (g) of the BO.In the subsequent amendment to the Mid-Levels West OZP,Wan Chai OZP, Sheung Wan & Sai* Ying Pun OZP and KennedyTown OZP, the TPB imposed restrictions on developmentabutting stepped streets which are not directlyaccessible to traffic, including emergency vehicles. TheTPB restricts any redevelopment in stepped street areasto a maximum building height of 12 storeys and a maximumplot ratio of 5. Also, no commercial development wouldbe allowed. (See paras. 3.38 in Chapter 3 above.)4.37 A copy of the Government Gazette on theAmendments to the draft Kennedy Town and Mount DavisOutline Zoning Plan No. S/Hl/3 dated 21.5.1993 is atAnnex XXXIII.- 43 -


No. 15-21 Lower Kai Yuen Lane4.38 Following the Sands Street cases where BA' sdiscretionary powers under S. 16(1) (g) of the BO weresuccessfully contested in the Buildings Appeal Tribunalin 1993, the BA continued to invoke such powers forredevelopment proposals thereafter. In the No. 15-21Lower Kai Yuen Lane redevelopment case, the BA rejectedthe developer's proposal to build a 31-storey residentialbuilding by invoking S. 16(1) (g) (both legs) of the BO inJuly 1994.4.39 The above case did not have the identicalfeatures of * stepped streets' as the Sands Street cases,but the lane of the present site, being a private streetwith 12 m in width, was narrow and steep and vehicularaccess to which was considered inadequate. The FSD had,however, raised no objection to the redevelopmentproposal from the fire fighting point of view.Nevertheless, the BA rejected such a proposal on thegrounds that the proposal was undesirable from thegeneral planning point of view.Building (Planning) Regulations 54.40 Apart from Section 16 of the BO, power may befound available under the Building (Planning) Regulation5 for the BA to disapprove building plans if vehicularaccess is not available to a site. This part of thelegislation reads -u (l) Every building shall be provided withmeans of obtaining access thereto from astreet.(2) The Building Authority may require theprovision of an access lane or access roadwithin the site of any new building."4.41 However, this piece of legislation has not beenfound by the executive departments to be an effectivetool in the enforcement of the provision of EVAs inbuilding plans. This is because the interpretation ofthis legislation is rather loose and it only mentions"access" which can be just pedestrian access or acourtyard or something else, and it refers to a situationwithin a site only.- 44 -


Inspection to EVAs in Private Building Developments4.42 In August 1995, the FSD reached an agreementwith the APs whereby when submitting FSI/501 Applicationfor Inspection and Testing of fire service installationsand equipment, the latter should attach 2 copies of EVAplan if the building project was provided with designatedEVA, i.e. other than access from public road/street.These EVA plans would be sent to respective fire stationsfor reference purpose so that station personnel couldfamiliarise themselves with the EVA layout of thebuilding development. This agreement was later embodiedin the relevant FSD Circular Letters to APs. A copy eachof FSD's relevant letter to APs and others concerned andof the new paragraph added to the said letters are atAnnex XXXIV.4.43 This Office has noted that the FSD does not atpresent have a systematic programme for inspecting EVAsin private building developments. According to the FSD,the majority of EVAs are public roads/street which do notrequire any inspection by the department. Majordevelopments such as Tai Koo Shing, Whampoa Gardens, etc.have proper management staff to deal with the day to daymanagement of the premises. The FSD will only carry outinspections when complaints on EVA obstructions arereceived.4.44 However, as part of fire station daily routine,personnel of the local fire stations do carry out regularvisits to buildings and private housing estates locatedwithin their respective station boundaries to updatetheir knowledge on the topography and operational tacticsin dealing with any possible incident. Results of thesevisits are recorded in the so-called 'Risk Visits 7register held in the respective local fire stations.Processing of Building Plans - Public Sector BuildingsPublic/Government Buildings Except PHEs4.45 The Arch SD is responsible for designing andsupervising the construction of all public/governmentbuildings (including Urban Council, Regional Council andHospital Authority facilities) except PHEs. Most of themare also maintained by the Arch SD. Actual buildingtypes cover a wide spectrum of facilities required by the- 45 -


public. Examples are hospitals and clinics, schools,markets, games halls, museums, magistrates, governmentoffices, police stations, fire stations and others.4.46 The requirements for EVAs are not normallyincludedin the Engineering Conditions that come with theallocation of land, and the Arch SD acts in fullcompliance with such requirements stipulated in theEngineering Conditions. These public sector buildings,after completion of construction, will be handed over tothe user, and it will be the responsibility of thebuilding management concerned to properly maintain EVAs,if provided, and to ensure that they are free fromobstruction.4.47 From the records of the Arch SD 7 there was onlyone report of EVA obstruction in recent years. In 1995,three car park spaces were proposed to be created on theedge of the prescribed EVA at the Tuen Mun GovernmentOffices, and they were in the risk of causing anobstruction. Subsequently at the request of the FSD, thecar park markings were obliterated and the relevantbuilding management staff were instructed to preventillegal parking in the area by way of frequentsupervision.PHEs of the Housing Authority4.48 Under Section 41(1) (aa) of the BO, the HousingAuthority is exempted from the provisions of the BOwhich, under Section 16(1) (b), requires building plans tobe examined and approved by the D of FS. In practice,the Housing Authority has never exercised this exemption.Before a Housing Authority building is constructed, theproject architect concerned will submit the buildingplans to the New Projects Division of the FSD's FPB forprocessing. This Division will ensure, inter alia, thatthe EVAs have been included in such plans in accordancewith the recommendations contained in the circularsissued by the FSD to APs.4.49 During the construction stage, the generalbuilding plans and EVA layout may be modified forresubmission to the Division for approval if necessary.Upon completion of the construction of the EVAs and theinstallation of FSIs and equipment, etc., the HousingAuthority's nominated contractor will arrange for the"- 46 -


submission of a relevant form, i.e. Form 501, to the FSDfor inspection and testing where appropriate. Followingthe inspection, the FSD will inform the HD of the resultsof the inspection in writing.4.50 In addition, the plans of every sizeableHousing Authority building will be sent to the BA for acheck in respect of the means of escape provisions andalso for confirmation that the building, in broadprinciple, would be acceptable as a private development.Inspections and Maintenance of EVAs in PHEs4.51 Following the Yue Wan Estate fire in July 1995,the FSD and the HD jointly carried out an investigationinto the incident. In the investigation report on theincident released in the end of July 1995, it wasrevealed that there was scope for improvements to fireprecaution measures and the maintenance of FSIs andequipment in PHEs, and better co-ordination between thetwo departments.4.52 Insofar as EVAs were concerned, the FSD carriedout a territorywide inspection of EVAs in 242 publicrental estates and home ownership courts of the HousingAuthority. The findings of these inspections indicated,inter alia, the need to strengthen procedures forensuring that no obstructions existed at all times. EVAswould be more frequently patrolled by estate staff toremove all forms of temporary obstructions, such asillegal parking, building materials, temporary wastecollection points, etc. as and when they occurred.4.53 On FSD'.s part, local fire station personnelwould conduct inspections to all EVAs within theirstation areas at least once every two months. The FSDwould notify the HD of any irregularities. Theopportunity has also been taken to standardize the EVARegister (previously a v Risk Visit 7 register - para. 4.25above) and EVA Inspection Record held at the stations aswell as the FSD's internal inspection procedures for EVAsin all PHEs. These Register/Record and procedures havebeen adopted for use with effect from 1 August 1995. Asample copy of the Inspection Record is at Annex XXXV.4.54 Where it is necessary to put up barriers onEVAs for estate management reasons, such as keeping out- 47 .


hawkers and preventing illegal parking, the HD wouldconsult the FSD and, where possible, would use crash gateor removable poles and accept the risk of vandalism.Furthermore, the HD would put up clearer signages on EVAsin housing estates and warn against any obstruction. Theestate layout plan, with EVAs clearly marked on it, wouldbe put up in the notice board of the estate office forinspection. A copy of the plan would be provided to thelocal fire station.Establishment of an Inter-departmental Working Group4.55 As mentioned in para. 3.6 in Chapter 3 above,there was communication between the FSD and HD over firesafety matters at the planning stage of new estates, andin respect of the annual maintenance of FSIs andequipment, and notification of suspension of service forrepair. After the Yue Wan Estate fire, an InterdepartmentalWorking Group (WG) was established at theheadquarters level to, insofar as EVAs were concerned,examine the feasibility of enhancing the provision ofEVAs, particularly in the older estates, e.g. extendingthe EVAs at the Yue Wan Estate.4.56 Since its setup in August 1995, the WG has metseveral times and has drawn up recommendations ofimprovement works regarding EVAs, etc. in PHEs. It hasalso formulated a set of policy lines to streamline theserecommendations and set out possible alternatives in casethere are physical constraints in meeting the currentstandard.4.57 The WG has initially adopted the followinggeneral approach to EVA improvement works -(a) to review the EVA provision in estatesaccording to the current standard;(b) to adopt a flexible approach where thecurrent standard cannot be fully met dueto physical constraints; and(c) to enhance FSI provisions to blocks whereEVAs are not available and whereimprovement to unsatisfactory EVAs cannotbe achieved due to physical constraints.- 48 -


4.58 The WG also agreed that all improvement workswould be carried out in four phases, prioritized mainlyaccording to the 'age' of the buildings -Phase 1 - Yue Wan Estate and some blocks in sixother estates (Valley Road, Shek KipMei, Jordan Valley, Yau Tong, Wo Lokand Upper Wong Tai Sin Estates) builtbefore 1973 and not accessible byfire services appliances.Phase 2— other estates built before 1973Phase 3 - estates built between 1973 and 1980Phase 4 - estates built after 19804«59 In respect of the Phase 1 improvement works,the construction of two new EVAs and an additional streetfire hydrant in Yue Wan Estate commenced in January 1996and completed in April the same year. The building planfor the additional EVA in Valley Road Estate was approvedby the FSD and work has started in February the sameyear. Details of the progress of other improvement worksin respect of the Phase 1 estates, as extracted from theWG's Second Quarterly Progress Report as at 31.1.1996, isat Annex XXXVI.4.60 As for the Phases 2 f 3 & 4 improvement works, aconference approach has been adopted for the review ofthe adequacy of the EVAs. The detailed review is carriedout by a sub-group of the WG at the working level of theFSD and HD. The review covering all the 157 rentalhousing estates of the HD was completed. Bothdepartments reached a preliminary agreement on therequirements and possible improvement works for theseestates. The improvement works mainly cover improvementto existing EVAs or provision of new EVAs. Inadequacy ofEVA, if cannot be overcome due to physical constraints,will be supplemented by other FSI improvements (paras.5.22 - 5.25 below). HD project officers are now activelypursuing with the works programmes in consultation withthe FSD. Details of the works and the availableprogrammes for different estates for EVAs, as extractedfrom the WG's Second Quarterly Progress Report as at31.1.1996, is at Annex XXXVII.- 49 -


4.61 The WG has continued to meet at regularintervals. Both the FSD and HD are, as mentioned in theWG's First Quarterly Progress Report, *committed tomaintain a close working relationship with each other soas to ensure a safe living environment for public housingtenants."PRIVATE STREETSGeneral4.62 Generally speaking, some private streets havealways been a source of environmental nuisance. Commonproblems found in these streets include illegal parking,flooding caused by choked drains, unauthorised extensionsand structures, and hawking.4.63 The provision of EVAs to developments alongprivate streets is examined by the New Projects Divisionof the FSD's FPB during the plan submission stage becausemost, if not all, of these are redevelopment projects.To the FSD, the project on private streets will not betreated any differently from any other redevelopmentproject in terms of EVAs, and FSD's internal policyinstruction on "Emergency Access for Fire Appliances'will be followed.4.64 Management of private streets has always beenvery difficult because of the multi-ownership problem andothers. Accordingly, the responsibility for maintainingthe free passage of EVAs in private streets is a rathercomplicated issue and this involves multi-parties in mostcases. Some of the private streets are managed byconcerned building management companies set up by theowners/occupiers of the buildings 'abutting privatestreets. In the case of blockage of a private street by,say, parked cars thereby affecting access for emergencyvehicles , the FSD would issue an advisory letter to theresponsible management company requesting it to ensureclear passageway at all times. A sample copy of thisadvisory letter is at Annex XXXVIII.Resumption of Private Streets4.65 The PSRC (para. 3.48 in Chapter 3 above) hasestablished and adopted various criteria for the- 50 -


selection of streets for inclusion in the private streetsresumption programme. They are : safety risks, trafficconsiderations, environmental involvement and multipleownership.On safety risks (being the first criterion),because of the absence of control, the carriageway andpavements of some private streets are obstructed at alltimes by abandoned vehicles, hawker stalls and goods andmachinery from the shop operators. These obstructionspose a threat to the safety of the residents. They makeit difficult, if not exactly impossible in some cases,for emergency vehicles to gain access to premises withinthe street in case of need. Therefore, priority would begiven to resuming and clearing these private streets toremove such obstruction.4.66 Since the commencement of the private streetresumption programme in 1986-87, 166 private streets havebeen identified as targets for resumption. Of these, 41have been deleted from the programme due to variousreasons, including possible exorbitant claims forcompensation, EVA problems (paras. 4.69 - 4.72 below) andimproved condition of the streets to be resumed, etc.After the deletion of 41 streets, there are 125 privatestreets remaining in the programme and among them, 53streets have had their repair works completed, 21 streetshave been held up by the problem of protruding balconiespending the amendment of relevant Ordinances and 51streets have had their resumption works at various stagesin progress. The number and names of the private streetsresumed since the inception of the PSRC are at AnnexXXXVIV.4.67 In January/February each year, DistrictOfficers will draw up a list of private streetspotentially suitable for resumption within theirdistricts. The Highways Department and other relevantdepartments including the HAD, Transport Department, BD,Lands D, HD, Drainage Services Department, USD and FSDwill be consulted regarding the street boundaries andland status, etc. The list will then be referred to thePSRC for consideration on the individual merits of eachcase. At the district level, the District Officers willinform the respective District Boards of the annualprogramme and set up District Working Groups to coordinatethe resumption, clearance and reconstruction ofthe streets chosen.- 51 -


4.68 Normally, it takes at least 35 months tocomplete the resumption and repair of a private street.Implementation of the resumption and reconstructionprogrammes involves a number of government departmentsrepresented on the PSRC and various stages of resumption;clearance and reconstruction of private streets.EVA Problems Relating to the Resumption of PrivateStreets4.69 A private street with EVA problem means that,if resumed, the street will be restricted to access foremergency vehicles only. As pointed out in para. 4.66above, where there are obstructions to the emergencyvehicular access for private streets thus causing firesafety risks of the residents concerned, the PSRC wouldgive priority to resuming and clearing these streets inorder to remove such obstructions. However, in the past,some streets included in the Private Street ResumptionProgramme were deleted from the programme because of theEVA problem, amongst other reasons. The PRSC expressedreservations over the resumption of private streets withEVA problem -(a)The use of private streets is undesignatedunder the crown lease. If vehicularaccess to the streets is restricted, theresidents concerned will have a legitimateclaim for compensation.(b) The loss of access due to the closure ofthe street is also compensatable. In viewof the large number of owners involved,the scale of compensation will besubstantial which renders the landresumption by the PSRC inappropriate.(c) The general public will not have anytraffic gain from opening these narrowside streets as these streets are usuallydead end roads; they cannot be turned intopublic carriageway after resumption butwill be restricted for emergency vehiclesonly because they will be sub-standard anddangerous to the pedestrians.- 52 -


4*70 Compensation considerations aside, theconversion of the streets to EVA is also expected to meetwith objections from the ground level shopowners since itwill debar them from any loading and unloadingactivities, making their business non-viable.4.71 This Office understands that the PSRC has givenits careful and thorough consideration before deletingthose private streets from the resumption programme.Whilst it is a plus for the FSD if those streets can beresumed and the illegal structures as well as theillegally parked vehicles can be removed, the BD'sposition is that those illegal structures would usuallynot pose immediate danger. The PSRC therefore considersit inappropriate for the Administration, at theinvitation of the street owners, to take over themanagement responsibilities of those streets andeventually have to pay out multiple compensations. It isthe responsibilities of the street owners to keep theirenvironment clean and tidy. The Administration's longestablished policy on compensation relating to theresumption of private streets is that it will paystatutory compensation (in accordance with Roads (Works,Use and Compensation) Ordinance, Cap. 370 and Crown LandsResumption Ordinance, Cap. 124) if the claim isunforeseen before the resumption and is subsequentlyfound justifiable.4.72 Therefore, when confronted with a large knownscale compensation, the PSRC will usually delete thestreet from the programme. Up to the present, theAdministration has not paid any compensation under thePrivate Street Resumption Programme. Whilst appreciatingthe above-mentioned practical considerations, this Officehas noted that the Administration also adopts a flexibleapproach to see what could be done within the existingresources and procedures whenever the resumption of aprivate street could not proceed due to the EVA problem.Examples are the cleansing and drainage services providedby the government departments concerned, on a costrecoverybasis, in these private streets. Such, however,are not related to fire safety issues.Previous Proposals of Legislative Amendments4.73 In view of the inadequacy of the BO to dealwith building plans where suitable EVAs were not-" 53 -


provided, the then BOO had in the previous yearscontemplated introducing legislative amendments to the BOfor the purposes of disapproving such plans. In 1974,the D of FS first raised the problem of increasingdifficulty in dealing with plans for buildings over 6storeys where there was no access for emergency vehiclesdue to narrowness of the street, stepped streets orobstructions such as hawker stalls and protruding shades;and asked the then BOO for an agreed policy on thismatter.4.74 The D of FS had previously taken the views thataccess for firefighting vehicles fell within thedefinitidn of ^fire service installation or equipment'under the FSO and therefore he could refuse to issue acertificate under S. 16(1) (b) of the BO where there wasno such access provided. Subsequently legal opinionconfirmed that this practice was legally incorrectbecause the certificate under S. 16(1) (b) of the BOshould relate solely to internal fire-fightinginstallations within the proposed building. It was alsopointed out that the completed building without accessfor fire-fighting vehicles could be regarded as a firehazard under the FSO and the D of FS could actaccordingly. As a result the D of FS stopped thepractice of refusing to issue a BOs 16(1) (b) certificateand instead issued a "letter of concern' to the developerindicating the fire hazard possibility. Such a practicewas also subsequently discontinued due to the lack of aclear legal backing (para. 4.19 above).4.75 The above problem of inadequacy of the BO hadsince 1974 be canvassed by both the then BOO and the FSD.From the years of 1975 to 1984, various proposals oflegislative amendments to the different provisions of S.16(i) of the BO had been made and considered but all suchproposals had not finally been pursued.Two Options of Legislative Amendments in 19894.76 The feasibility of introducing legislativeamendments to the BO was again revived in 1989 when twospecific options were made and considered. The firstoption was that a new ground under S. 16(1) of the BOmight be introduced to disapprove building plans whichshowed a building or buildings not provided with adequateaccess for emergency vehicles. The standards for such- 54 -


access might be set by expanding Regulation 5 of theBuilding (Planning) Regulations (B(P)R) to require theaccess to be provided to every building to comply withthe detailed requirements for vehicular access for fireservices appliances for different types of buildingsformulated by the FSD.4.77 However, according to the requirementsformulated by the FSD, the access for emergency vehiclesshould have a minimum width of 6 m. This was above the4.5 m dividing line for a street under the B(P)R andabove some of the width standards in the Building(Private Streets and Access Roads) Regulations(B(PSAR)R). When the FSD requirements were adopted asstandards in B(P)R 5, there would be conflicts with therelevant regulations including B(P)R 19, B.(P)R 23(1),B(P)R 2(1), B(P)R 26, B(PSAR)R 5(1) (a), 6(1) and 6(2),and, as such, it was logical and necessary for amendmentsto be made to such regulations to adopt the samestandards as in B(P)R 5.4.78 The above option would exactly achieve theintended objective of providing every building withsuitable access for fire appliances and rescue vehiclesfor ensuring public safety. However, the implications ofthe proposed legislative amendments were so extensivethat there might be objections from the local buildingindustry.4.79 Another option was to amend B(P)R 5 to requirethe access to be a vehicular access without requiring itto have a minimum width of 6 m. Whilst this would keepthe legislative amendments simple and would not likely toattract objections from the industry, the objective wouldnot be fully achieved,4.80 After careful consideration, the Administrationdecided not to go ahead with either of the above twooptions because of the following reasons -(a) Strong objections from buildingprofessionals and developers wereanticipated.(b)In cases where the FSD was concerned aboutthe inadequacy of EVAs due totopographical constraints, the alternativeof enhancing the FSIs and equipment within- 55 -


a building to compensate for suchinadequacy was adopted. Although not anentirely satisfactory replacement forproper EVAs, the additional FSIs andequipment requirements could improve thesituation to an acceptable level.(c)The problem would diminish as most sitesfor development were unlikely to beinaccessible. Furthermore, in certaincircumstances, the Plan D would imposecontrol over the development ofinaccessible sites by means such asamending the OZP.Statistics Relevant to this Investigation4.81 During the course of this investigation, thefollowing statistics relating to complaints received inrespect of EVA obstructions, inadequate provision ofEVAs, inspections carried out and others over the pastfive years were received from the FSD -(i)Subject»no. of complaintsreceived in respectof EVA obstruction199141992119931119949199511(ii)no. of complaintsreceived in respectof inadequateprovision of EVA12(iii)no. of inspectionscarried out inrespect of EVAobstruction814423175(iv)no. of inspectionscarried out inrespect ofinadequate provisionof EVA12- 56 -


(v)no. of warningletters issued onunsatisfactory EVA(see explanatorynotes at # below)34(vi)no. of non-complaintrelated inspectionson mattersconcerning EVA1242 9451038 14764320(vii)no. of fire fightingoperations hamperedby obstruction toEVA6# Such warning letters were served in respect ofEVA obstructions caused mostly by illegal,parkings and concrete flower beds.4.82 The following are statistics relating tofamiliarization visits, liaison/inspec-tions/meetingsbetween the FSD and the HD/the HKHS on matters concerningboth EVAs and FSIs and equipment in the buildings/estatesmanaged by them -(a)between the FSD and the HD/the HKHS9192939495Subject ^~~~-^-^FamiliarizationvisitA9B2A30B1A64B4A95B5A774B113Liaison/Inspection/meeting114629128Remarks:Rental Housing Estate/HOS under TheHousing AuthorityBRental Housing Estate under theHousing Society- 57 -


(b)between the FSD and the management offices and/orOwners Incorporation of private developments, bothresidential and commercial as well as industrialbuildings~-\^^Year9192939495Subject ^~^---^Familiarizationvisit253137501143Liaison/Inspection/meeting21144Remarks:According to the FSD, it is not feasible forthem to organise regular liaison meetings withthe management offices and/or OwnersIncorporations of private developments, bothresidential and commercial as well asindustrial buildings due to such a colossalnumber of premises involved in the Territory.Meetings would be arranged on a need basis toresolve the problems noted during thefamiliarization visits or upon special requestfrom management offices.- 58 ~


5FSIs - POLICIES,ENFORCEMENTAND RELATED MATTERSPOLICIES5.1 The FSD is charged with responsibilitiesrelating to fire safety. These include the setting ofrequirements for, and the subsequent inspection andcertification of, FSIs and equipment. The FSDcertification of FSIs and equipment is required under theBO as part of the process leading to the issue of anoccupation permit for a new building. Under Section 2 ofthe FSO, *fire service installation or equipment' meansu any installation or equipment manufactured, used ordesigned to be used for the purposes of -(a) extinguishing, attacking, preventing orlimiting a fire;(b) giving warning of a fire;(c) providing access to any premises or placefor the purpose of extinguishing,attacking, preventing or limiting a fire."5.2 Before 1964, building plans were not requiredto be submitted to the FSD for examination and approval.However, in 1964, Section 16(1) (b) was added to the BO,Cap. 123 thereby making it a statutory requirement forthe examination and approval of FSIs and equipment by theFSD in respect of new buildings. The full text of thispiece of legislation is in para, 4.10 in Chapter 4 above.The Fire Services Certificate referred to under thisSection is X F.S. 161' (sample at Annex XXXX).-59 -


FSI Standards and References5.3 As a basis for checking the standards of FSIsand equipment, inspection staff in the FSD's FSI Divisionare required to follow instructions and standardscontained in a series of documents. These include -(a) The Code of Practice (Minimum Fire ServiceInstallations and Equipment) - This Codeexplains the general requirements forinstallations and equipment to be providedin buildings. It is revised from time totime to take into account the latestdevelopments in fire fighting technology.(b) The Code of Practice (Inspection andTesting of Installations and Equipment) -This Code indicates the type and nature ofinspections and tests which installationsand equipment must normally pass in orderto satisfy the D of FS and to giveguidance as to the conduct of inspectionsand tests. They are not hard and fastrules. Special factors and circumstancesmay require variations in respect of anyparticular building, or additional tests.This Code is revised when necessary.(c) Fire Offices' Committee Rules - The FireOfficers' Committee (FOC) was a jointcommittee of the British fire insuranceoffices. It produced rules setting outthe standard and general commissioningrequirements for FSIs and equipment, suchas automatic fire alarm systems, automaticsprinkler systems and water drenchersystems.The FOC ceased. to operate on 30 June 1985and a newly created body called LossPrevention Council took over the FOC'sprevious technical function.Nevertheless, the latest FOC Rules oninstallation and equipment are stillvalid.(d) PSD Circular Letters - They lay down theminimum operating and installation- 60 -


standards that are expected by the D of FSand at the same time highlight to thedesigner the major points that should betaken into account during the designstage. Subject matters elaborated by suchcircular letters include the installationand operation of fire hydrants, hosereelsystems, emergency generators, smokeextraction systems and ventilation/airconditioningsystems.(e) Standing Orders and ProceduralInstructions issued internally within theFSD - They lay down detailed policy andprocedural instructions for compliance bythe FSD personnel.The above standards and instructions are complementary innature. The combination of these documents provides adetailed basis for the purposes of inspection qtnd testingof installations and equipment.FSIs and Equipment Requirements According toClassification of Premises5.4 According to the Code of Practice for MinimumFire Service Installations and Equipment, there aredifferent FSIs and equipment requirements in respect ofthe various types of premises. The classification ofthese premises cover a wide range of facilities includingcommercial buildings, domestic buildings, industrialgodown buildings, hotels, cinemas, garages and others.As regards domestic buildings, the current minimum FSIsand equipment requirements are as follows -(a) Domestic buildings - low rise (up to andincluding three storeys in height)• Portable hand-operated approvedappliances(b) Domestic buildings - low rise (over 3storeys in height)• Fire alarm systems• Fire hydrant/hose reel systems- 61 -


(c)Domestic buildings - high rise• Emergency generators• Emergency lighting® Exit signs® Fire alarm systems• Fire hydrant/hose reel systems• Fireman's liftsThe current FSIs and equipment requirements for all typesof premises can be found in the FSD's Code of Practicefor Minimum Fire Service Installations and Equipment. Incase the scope of the Code does not suitably apply to orcover any particular building, the D of FS may, in hisopinion, exercise discretionary powers to vary, relax andsubstitute any requirement(s) in the Code. Furthermore,he may impose additional or specific requirement out ofthe purview of the Code having regard to the purpose forwhich the building is intended to be put.ENFORCEMENTInspection and Testing of FSIs and Equipment5.5 Where the plans of a building have beencertified by the D of FS under Section 16(1) (b) (ii) ofthe BO as showing all such FSIs and equipment as in hisopinion, having regard to the purpose to which thebuilding is intended to be put, comprise the minimum FSIsand equipment necessary for such building, the BA may,under Section 21(6)(d) of that Ordinance, refuse to issuea temporary permit or an occupation permit unless theapplicant for the permit produces a certificate (i.e.F.S. 172 at Annex XXXXI) from the D of FS certifying thathe is satisfied that the FSIs and equipment shown on theplans have been provided and are in efficient workingorder and satisfactory condition.5.6 The FSD's Code of Practice for the Inspectionand Testing of Installations and Equipment indicates thetype and nature of inspections and tests which FSIs andequipment must normally pass in order so to satisfy theD of FS and to give guidance as to the conduct ofinspections and tests. The following/ as extracted fromthe Code of Practice, are the general procedures andinspections and tests to be followed and conducted -- 62 -


"General procedures(a) Inspections and testing shall be carried. out by a Fire Services Inspecting Officer(Note ?) ky arrangement with the AuthorisedPerson and the Fire Service InstallationContractor.(b) Applications for initial inspection andtesting should be made on the prescribedform (Annex XXXXII)to the D of FS, Theform must be signed by both the FireService Installation Contractor and theAuthorised Person.(c) Applications should only be submitted bythe Authorised Person when theinstallation and equipment has beeninstalled, completed, and certified asbeing in efficient working order by theFire Service Installation Contractor.(d) Upon receipt of an application the FireServices Inspecting Officer will contactthe Authorised Person (Not the FireService Installation Contractor) at thetelephone number shown on the prescribedform, and arrange a mutually convenientinspection date. The Authorised Person,as the co-ordinator of the project, shouldattend the inspection and it is also hisresponsibility to contact and inform theFire Service Installation Contractor ofthe arrangements made.(e) A further prescribed form (Annex XXXXIII)will be used to record the result of theinspection and will be completed andsigned on site by the Fire ServicesInspecting Officer. The Authorised Personand the Contractor will also be requiredto sign this form confirming that theresults of the inspection have beenbrought to their attention,(f) In respect of minor items requiring afurther inspection the Authorised Personwill, after the defects have been- 63 -


ectified, arrange a re-inspection datewith the Senior Building ServicesInspector, Fire Service InstallationsDivision. A further application forinspection on the prescribed form willonly be required when a refusal letter hasbeen issued subsequent to an inspection.(g) Re-inspections will be carried out asconvenient, subject only to theavailability of Inspecting Officers andprovided that previous confirmedappointments are not affected.(h) Subsequent to a satisfactory inspection,the Authorised Person will be notified bytelephone as soon as the Fire ServiceCertificate (F.S. 172) is ready forcollection. If unable to be contacted bytelephone a "ready for collection" letterwill be despatched.(i) The Certificate of Completion by WaterAuthority in respect of Fire ServiceInstallations requiring Government watermains connection will be sent direct tothe Buildings Department by the WaterAuthority, copied to the applicant, afterthe installation has been inspected andapproved by the Water Authority and thefire service connection completed.Inspections and Tests(j) The tubing of every hose reel must becapable of being readily wound round adrum of not less than 150 mm diameterwithout kinking, must not kink when ledaround sharp obstructions, and shall becapable when fitted with branch pipe andnozzle, of projecting a jet not less than6 m in length. The tubing of every hosereel shall have a bursting pressure-of notless than 2,700 kPa and shall not beporous nor exhibit any signs ofpercolation under pressure up to 2,00 0kPa.- 64 -


(k)The hose reel nozzle shall have a 4.5 mmorifice and be fitted with a simple twoway valve to open or shut off jet; thevalve must not be spring loaded.(1) The design of the hose reel shall be suchthat the tubing is permanently connected,via pipes in the drum of the hose reel andsuch stuffing boxes as may be necessary,to the hydrant supply main.(m) The testing of sprinkler installationswill be carried out according to the testsspecified from time to time by the FireOffices' Committee (para. 5.3 (c) above).(n) The testing of drencher and fixedinstallations will be carried outaccording to such tests as the D of FS mayrequire having regard to the nature andpurpose of the installation.(o) The tests for fire hydrant/hose reelinstallations will be carried outaccording to the laid down checklist(Annex XXXXIV).(p) The tests for dry riser installationsshall consist of -(i) a visual examination of the fittingsand piping and their location;(ii) a practical charging of the risingmain to show that the system can beeasily charged via the fire serviceinlet within a reasonable time havingregard to the size of theinstallation and with particularattention to the efficiency of airrelief valves;(iii)the installation must prove clear ofpercolation and leakage for 10minutes after being charged withwater.(q) The tests for hand appliances and otherpreventive media shall be in accordancewith the tests specified by the D of FS- 65 -


from time to time. Pamphlets describingtesting procedures can be obtained fromthe D of FS,(r)The testing of C0 2 /Halon ExtinguishingSystem will be carried out according tothe laid down checklist (Annex XXXXV) .(s) The testing of Fire Shutters constructedand installed in accordance with the Rulesof the Fire Offices' Committee will becarried out according to the laid downchecklist."The above are not hard and fast rules. Special factorsand circumstances may require variations in respect ofany particular building, and in particular case the D ofFS may require additional inspections or tests before heis so satisfied.Approval of Building Plans - Private Buildings5.7 Under Section 16 (1) (b) of the BO, the BA mayrefuse to give his approval of any plans of building workwhere plans of building works are not endorsed with acertificate (FS 161) (sample at Annex XXXX) from the D ofFS, confirming that having regard to the purpose to whichthe building is intended to be put :• no fire services installation or equipment isnecessary; or• that the plans have been examined and areapproved by him as showing that the FSI andequipment comprise the minimum necessary forthe building in accordance with the Code ofPractice published from time to time by the Dof FS.5.8 As explained in para. 5.5 above, all buildingplans are submitted directly to the BD. Two sets ofplans are then referred to the FSD for their views andinput from the fire prevention perspective. The NewProjects (NP) Division in the FSD is responsible forvetting building plans and formulating fire servicerequirements in accordance with•the Code of Practice forMinimum Fire Services Installation and Equipment andother related standards. (Para. 5.3 (a) above) The FSD- 66 -


equirements appear in the approved plans in the form ofFS Notes which set the parameters for subsequent FSIworks.5.9 Upon the completion of the new building, theproject architect will request for an inspection of theFSIs and equipment which will be carried out by the staffof the FSD's FSI Division. Upon satisfactory inspection,the FSD will issue the required Certificate F.S. 172certifying that the FSIs and equipment have beensatisfactorily inspected. In the process of securingthis certificate, the architect is required to submit twosets of FSI drawings to the MP Division. Such drawingsshould be accompanied by a form FSI/314 which is to besigned by the AP and FSI contractor(s).5.10 After the building is occupied, the maintenanceof building FSIs and equipment is the duty of the owner.Regulation 8 of the Fire Service (Installations andEquipment) Regulations reads as follows -"The owner of any fire service installation orequipment which is installed -in any premisesshall -(a) keep such fire service installationor equipment in efficient workingorder at all times; and(b) have such fire service installationor equipment inspected by aregistered contractor at least oncein every 12 months."5.11 Upon the completion of the maintenance work,the registered FSI contractor appointed by the buildingconcerned (para. 5.2 8 below) will, within 14 days afterthe completion of the work, issue a certificate (F.S. 251Annex XXXXVI)) to the person on whose instructions thework was undertaken and will forward a copy to the FSD.As owners of the FSIs and equipment are legallyresponsible for their maintenance and since FSIcontractors, according to the FSD, are working on a selfregulatoryconcept, the FSD personnel will carry outinspections to FSIs and equipment in these privatebuildings on a random basis and will act upon receipt ofcomplaints only. If defective FSIs and equipment are- 61 -


identified, fire hazard abatement action under Section9(1)(a) (para. 4.20 above) will be taken.Approval of Building Plans - Public Sector Buildings5.12 The Arch SD is responsible for designing andsupervising the construction of all public/governmentbuildings (including Urban Council, Regional Council andHospital Authority facilities) except PHEs. Most of themare also maintained by the Arch SD. Actual buildingtypes cover a wide spectrum of facilities required by thepublic. Examples are hospitals and clinics, schools,markets, games halls, museums, magistrates, governmentoffices, police stations, fire stations and others.5.13 At the construction stages for these publicsector buildings, the design and installation of FSIs andequipment are undertaken in accordance with the currentCode of Practice for Minimum Fire Service Installationsand Equipment. In major renovations and refurbishment ofold buildings, FSIs and equipment are usually brought upto the current standards under FSD's requirements. As inthe case of private buildings, all works, both newconstruction and renovations, are carried out byregistered FSI contractors.5.14 These public sector buildings, upon completion,will be handed over to the user. For FSIs and equipmentin buildings under Arch SD's maintenance, the Arch SDmanages contracts in regularly servicing, testing andmaintaining the installations and equipment in accordancewith the Code of Practice for Inspection and Testing ofInstallations and Equipment. The Arch SD's appointedregistered FSI contractors will undertake routineinspection and repairs in these public sector buildingson a regular basis to fulfil the requirements under thesaid Code of Practice. The time scales of suchinspections/repairs are -(a)(b)Installation TypeFire detection/warningsystemFixed chemical fireextinguishing systemFrequency ofInspections/Repairsquarterly plus annualquarterly plus annual- 68 -


(c) Fixed water fireextinguishing systemhalfannualyearlyplus5.15 According to the Arch SD, no statisticalrecords are kept on faulty FSIs and equipment in publicsector buildings. However, the department confirms thatthere have been cases of FSIs being faulty, e.g.sprinkler heads damaged, hose reel valves or hosesvandalised or fire pumps/alarms malfunctioning, but thatthe systems will have been quickly rectified as a resultof building occupant reports or the routine inspectionscarried out by the appointed FSI contractors and the ArchSD staff.PHEs of the Housing Authority5*16 As mentioned in para. 3.4 in Chapter 3 above,the Housing Authority is exempted from complying with theprovisions of the BO which, under Section 16(l)(b),requires building plans to be examined and approved bythe D of FS, but in practice, the Housing Authority hasnever exercised this exemption.5.17 Prior to the commencement of construction workfor all PHEs of the Housing Authority, the design of FSIsand equipment for all new rental and Home OwnershipScheme projects will be referred to the FSD for approval.There are internal Technical Guides and Manuals on thedesign of FSIs and equipment, etc. for the project teamsto follow. Copies of these Guides and Manuals are atAnnexes IX.5.18 Regarding standard block design, the HD'sDesign and Standards Team will separately submit FSIs andequipment drawings to the FSD for comment/approval at thedetailed design stage. As regards individual projects,FSIs and equipment drawings based on the approvedbuilding plans will be submitted to the FSD for approvalat the detailed design stage.5.19 Upon completion of the FSIs and equipment, theRegistered FSI Contractor of the Housing Authoritysubmits Form 501 via the Building Contractor to the FSDfor inspection and testing. The Contractor Coordinatorthen arranges inspection by the FSD. Following the-69 -


inspection, the FSD will issue Fire Services Certificatesif the results are satisfactory.Maintenance of FSIs and Equipment in PHEs5.20 The HD's Maintenance Division is responsiblefor regularly checking and maintaining FSIs and equipmentin the PHEs. The fire services equipment/installationsmaintained by the HD include portable fire extinguishers,hydrant/hosereel systems, dry riser systems, street firehydrants, sprinkler systems, fire services pumps, firedetection and fire alarm systems, fixed carbondioxide/BTM systems in transformer rooms and fire stationlinks. Comprehensive routine maintenance and repairs arearranged for all these installations through three fireservices term maintenance contracts, each of them takingcare of the fire services maintenance works for theHousing Authority properties in a prescribed geographicregion.5.21 Routine maintenance, which includes inspection,testing and servicing, is carried out in accordance withan annual works programme agreed with the maintenancecontractors. Minor defects found on routine maintenanceare repaired by contractors within one week. For majordefects causing shutting down of fire services systems,the contractors are required to have them rectifiedwithin an agreed v shut down period', the duration ofwhich depends on the nature and extent of the defects.Upon completion of the maintenance and subsequent repairworks, the contractors forward a Certificate ofMaintenance to the FSD as required by the Fire Services(Equipment and Installation) Regulation. The HD has laiddown detailed procedures and requirements regarding thefrequencies and activities of routine maintenance for thevarious fire services systems and facilities in the PHEs.Plans for Improving the Existing Provision for FSIs andEquipment5.22 As mentioned in para. 4.55 in Chapter 4 above,following the fire in Yue Wan Estate in July 1995, aninter-departmental working group (WG) was established byboth the FSD and HD to, insofar as FSIs and equipmentwere concerned, improve fire safety measures, especiallyamong the older estates. Since its setup in August 1995,- 70 -


the WG has met several times and has drawn uprecommendations of improvement works regarding FSIs andequipment in PHEs. The WG has adopted the followinggeneral approach to FSIs and equipment improvement works(a)To convert dry risers to wet risers or toinstall fire hydrant/hose reel (FH/HR)systems for blocks with at least 5-yearresidual life. Portable fireextinguishers (FEs) should be provided toeach floor of the blocks during theinterim period prior to completion ofupgrading works;(b) To provide two FEs to each floor of theblocks without FH/HR system and havingless than 5-year residual life. Forblocks with long corridors, additional FEswill be provided depending on the layout;(c)To provide, where possible, exit signs toblocks exceeding 30m in height and withmore than 5-year residual life;(d) To provide, where possible, emergencylighting to all blocks disregarding theheight and life span of the building;(e)To extend the FS inlet to the roadside forblocks where EVAs are not available; and(f) To arrange, where possible, secondarysupply of electricity by obtaining thesupply before the incoming main switch.5.23 The WG also agreed that all improvement workswould be carried out in four phases, prioritized mainlyaccording to the "age' of the buildings -Phase 1 - Yue Wan Estate and some blocks in sixother estates (Valley Road, Shek KipMei, Jordan Valley, Yau Tong, Wo Lokand Upper Wong Tai Sin Estates) builtbefore 1973 and not accessible byfire services appliances.Phase 2 - other estates built before 1973- 71 -


Phase 3 - estates built between 1973 and 1980Phase 4 - estates built after 19805.24 The FSI improvement works for all Phase 1estates are reportedly in smooth progress. Theinstallations of portable fire extinguishers in all thePhase 1 blocks were completed in October 1995. Detailsof the progress of other improvement works in respect ofthe Phase 1 estates, as extracted from the WG's SecondQuarterly Progress Reports at 31.1.1996, is at AnnexXXXVI.5.25 As for the Phases 2, 3 & 4 improvement works, aconference approach has been adopted for the review ofthe adequacy of the FSIs and equipment. The detailedreview is carried out by a sub-group of the WG at theworking level of the FSD and HD. The review covering allthe 157 rental housing estates of the HD was completed.Both departments reached a preliminary agreement on therequirements and possible improvement works for theseestates. The HD project officers are now activelypursuing with the works programmes in consultation withthe FSD. Details of the works and the availableprogrammes for different estates for FSIs and equipment,as extracted from the WG's Second Quarterly ProgressReport as at 31.1.1996, is at Annex XXXXVIII.5.26 In addition to drawing up and implementingactual improvement works, both the FSD and HD recognisethe importance of publicity on fire prevention and theneed for proper training to both the residents and theestate staff on what to do in case of fire. Towardsthese objectives, the WG has then stepped up publiceducation and publicity on fire prevention in PHEs.Therefore, nine 'train-the-trainer' one-day courses werecompleted in November 1995. A total of 183 HD staffattended the course. An in-house training programme forthese trainers to train other junior staff startedthereafter. As at the end of January 1996, a total of1,120 HD officers had received such training.5.27 The half-day seminar on fire preventioncontinued to be arranged by the FSD/HD for the HD'sEstate Assistant grade staff and welfare workers. As atthe end of January 1996, a total of 10 sessions were heldwith 874 staff in attendance. The HD anticipates to- 72 -


complete this training programme in the next quarter ofthe year.FSI Contractors -Registration and Control5.28 A registered FSI contractor is responsible for,inter alia, maintaining, inspecting and repairing any FSIor equipment which is installed in any premises. Theduties and responsibilities of registered FSI contractorson the inspection and maintenance of FSIs and equipmentare stipulated at Regulations 6 to 9 of the Fire Services(Installation and Equipment) Regulations (copy at AnnexXXXXVIV).5.29 Under the Fire Services (InstallationContractors) Regulations, there are three classes ofregistered contractors -(a) Class 1 : Registered contractors who arefit to install, maintain, repair andinspect any fire services installation orequipment (other than portable equipment)which contains an electrical circuit orother apparatus for the detection andwarning, by alarm or otherwise, of smokeor fire.(b) Class 2 : Registered contractors who arefit to install, maintain, repair, andinspect any fire services installation orequipment (other than portable equipment)which contains -(i) pipes and fittings designed oradapted to carry water or some otherfire extinguishing medium or(ii) any type of electrical apparatusother than those specified in Class1.(c) Class 3 : Registered contractors who arefit to maintain, repair and inspectportable equipment.The registration of FSI contractors shall follow theprovisions stipulated in the Fire Service (Installations- 73 -


Contractors) Regulations and the instructions indicatedat the FSD's Procedural Instruction No. 19 'Proceduresfor Registration Fire Service Installation Contractors -Class 1, 2 and 3' (Annex XXXXX).5.30 The FSD's FSI Division monitors the servicestandards • of FSI contractors during the acceptanceinspections of FSIs and equipment in new buildings,complaint inspections, random checking of the maintenancecertificate issued by contractors and when other suitableoccasions arising. Whenever misleading information orfalse material on the certificate submitted by RegisteredFSI Contractors is found, legal proceedings in accordancewith Fire Service (Installations and Equipment)Regulations and Fire Service (Installation Contractors)Regulations will be instituted.5.31 During the past 10 years, 27 contractors out ofa total of over 800 registered FSI contractors wereconvicted in court and subsequently referred to theNote 8Disciplinary Boardfor disciplinary proceedingsunder Regulation 10 of the Fire Service (InstallationContractors) Regulations. A classification of theoffences/disciplinary actions taken against these FSIcontractors is at Annex XXXXXI.5.32 This Office has noted that, due to limitedresources, only a small percentage of the certificatessubmitted by FSI contractors have been checked on arandom basis by the FSD. This situation is certainly notentirely satisfactory because the service standards ofthese FSI contractors may not be, under sucharrangements, effectively monitored. The FSD hadsubmitted in the 1994 Resource Allocation Exercise (RAE)a proposal of setting up a dedicated task forcecomprising 4 Senior Station Officers/Station Officers and1 Clerical Assistant to increase and strengthen theserandom checks on the certificates submitted by the FSIcontractors, but this proposal had not had the approvalof the Administration.5.33 However, in the 1995 RAE, the Administrationhad given approval for setting up in 1996/97 a dedicatedteam known as the Commercial Premises ImprovementDivision (para. 5.39 below) comprising 7 new posts,namely, 1 Divisional Officer, 1 Assistant DivisionalOfficer, 2 Senior Station officer, 2 Building ServicesInspector and 1 Clerical Officer II. This Division will- 74 -


e responsible for improving fire safety in oldercommercial buildings. Subject to the availability ofresources, the Division will also extend its work toconduct random checks on the working conditions ofexisting FSIs and equipment to ensure that the standardfire safety measures in residential buildings iseffectively maintained.RELATED MATTERSImprovement on Existing FSIs and equipment in CommercialBuildings5.34 There are at present no specific legislationwhich requires owners or occupiers of existingresidential, commercial and industrial premises toenhance fire safety measures in these premises which,while in compliance with a previous standard, do notnecessarily meet the current required standard for newbuildings. Subsequent to the fire which occurred at theHong Kong Bank Shek Kip Mei Branch • on 10 January 1994,the Government commissioned a special inter-departmentalinvestigation team to look into the cause of the fire andto recommend preventative improvements to fire protectionmeasures and means of escape in commercial premises of asimilar layout.5.35 The Investigation Team subsequently put forwardrecommendations which entailed, inter alia, the need forsignificant improvement works on fire safetyinstallations and equipment and means of escape in thecommercial premises. A Working Group comprisingrepresentatives from the Security Branch, PELB, FSD andBD was set up to take forward these recommendations.This has subsequently led to the proposed introduction ofnew legislation to require commercial premises ofspecific types with a total floor area exceeding 230m 2 toupgrade their fire safety measures* The new legislation(i.e.... the Fire Safety (Commercial Premises) Bill) willcover fire service installations and equipment, means ofescape, means of access and fire resisting construction.The premises proposed to be listed shall include thefollowing --75 -


(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)(f)banks;off-course betting centres;jewellery and goldsmith shops;supermarkets;department stores;shopping arcades.5.36 Under the proposed legislation, these premisesshall be required to provide fire protection measureswhich include the following -(a)automatic sprinkler installations;(b) automatic cut-off devices for ventilation/air conditioning systems having an airhandling capacity exceeding lm 3 per secondor serving more than one fire compartment;(c) emergency lighting which will provideillumination to facilitate the evacuationof occupants in the event of powerfailure, and manual fire alarms which willalert occupants in the event of a fire;(d) portable fire extinguishers, on the basisof one for every 100m 2 floor area or partthereof other than those premises equippedwith hose reel systems.5.37 The premises shall also be constructed withadequate provisions relating to -(a)means of escape;(b) Means of access for fire fighting andrescue; and(c)fire resisting material.5.38 Under the proposed legislation, both the FSDand BD will be the designated enforcement authoritieswhose officers will be authorised to inspect anyprescribed commercial premises. Any of these authorities- 76 -


or both acting jointly may issue fire safety directionnotices to direct owners of such premises to comply withall or any of the requirements mentioned in paras. 5.36and 5.37 within a reasonable period of time. Failure ofwhich is an offence and liable to a fine. Uponconviction, the Authorities may apply to the court foreither a fire safety compliance order or depending oncircumstances, a "use restriction order" prohibiting theuse of the premises for the prescribed commercialactivities. Again, the contravention of any of suchCourt orders may be liable to heavier penalties.5*39 The local building industry, professionalbodies and interested parties have been duly consulted onthe proposed legislation. The Bill was submitted toLegCo on 29 March 1996. A new Division within the FSD,to be called the Commercial Premises ImprovementDivision, will be set up-around October 1996 to deal withthe implementation of the enhancement of fire serviceinstallations to the commercial premises under the newlegislation.5.40 In the meantime, pending the enactment of theproposed legislation, the FSD is serving advisory lettersto commercial premises with a total floor area exceeding230m 2 and without sprinkler protection. Advice will begiven to the owners concerned on upgrading the FSIstherein including retrofitting of sprinkler system.According to the assessment of the FSD, positiveresponses have been only received from reputableorganisations such as members of the Hong KongAssociation of Banks and the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club.As at September 1995, there were more than 500 suchcommercial premises in the territory. A sample copy ofthe advisory letter is at Annex XXXXXII.The Situation in Residential/Industrial Buildings5.41 There is at present no proposal from theAdministration to enact similar specific legislation forretrofitting of and/or upgrading the fire serviceinstallations of existing residential and industrialbuildings. This Office is given to understand that someof the reasons for this are as follows -(a) Unlike the commercial premises,residential/industrial premises do not- 77 -


normally attract a large number ofvisitors.(b) There has been a large increase in thenumber of customer population patronisingcommercial premises in recent years (someof these buildings were built as long asmore than 15 years ago) whereas a similarfactor is not found in the case ofresidential/industrial premises.(c) The segregation of the places betweenworking staff and customers in thecommercial buildings (which is normallyrequired for security reasons) compromisesthe means of escape therein. Again, thisproblem is not found in the case ofresidential/industrial premises.5.42 As regards industrial premises, the FSD waspreviously making arrangements with the Labour Departmentto conduct joint visits to such buildings not protectedby sprinkler system. These buildings were mainly plannedand built before 1973. During such visits, an advisoryletter (sample copy at Annex XXXXXIII) was served to eachfactory proprietor advising them to review and enhancethe fire protection measures in particular, theretrofitting of sprinkler installation for theirpremises. (The main reason for identifying the buildingsbuilt before 1973 was, according to the FSD, thatsprinkler system was not normally required as one of themandatory FSI provisions for all industrial buildings atthat time. According to FSD's records, there are about6,450 units in 420 factory buildings identified.)5.43 The above visits commenced in September 1995and were completed in May 1996. According to theassessment of the FSD, the general response to thiscampaign had not been positive. At the conclusion ofthis campaign, a total of 4,188 advisory letters had beenissued and 51 telephone enquiries received. The enquirieswere mainly on whether the retrofitting of sprinklersystem was mandatory or otherwise as well as the generalarrangements of a sprinkler system.-78 -


"Statistics Relevant to this Investigation5.44 During the course of this investigation, thefollowing statistics relating to complaints received inrespect of FSIs and equipment, inspections carried out toFSIs and equipment, prosecutions undertaken, FHANs issuedand others over the past five years were received fromthe FSD -(i)Subjecttotal no. ofinspectionsconducted toFSIs andequipment1991319719923068199329981994309719953364(ii)complaintsreceived inrespect of FSIsand equipment457467455704724(iii)total no. ofcomplaintsinspections inresponse to(ii)599766716962874010498(iv)total no. ofFHANs issued inconnection withFSIs andequipment17042354189627473533(v)total no. ofprosecutioncasesundertaken inconnection- withFSIs andequipment1476401625(vi)total no. ofself-initiatedrandom checksto FSIs andequipmentNorecord400247159186- 79 -


(vii)no. of noncomplaintrelatedinspections onmattersconcerning FSIsand equipment13291808169219274628(viii)no. of firefightingoperationhampered bydefective FSIsand equipment10131410195.45 The following are statistics relating tofamiliarization visits, liaison/inspections/meetingsbetween the FSD and the HD/the HKHS on matters concerningboth EVAs and FSIs and equipment in the buildings/estatesmanaged by them -(a)between the PSD and the HD/the HKHS**-\^^Year9192939495Subject ^"~""\^^FamiliarizationvisitA9B2A30B1A64B4A95B5A774B113Liaison/Inspection/meeting114629128Remarks:Rental Housing Estate/HOS under TheHousing AuthorityBRental Housing Estate under theHousing Society- 80 -


(b)between the FSD and the management offices and/orOwners Incorporation of private developments, bothresidential and commercial as well as industrialbuildings"~-\^^Year9192939495Subject ^"~""~-\^Familiarizationvisit253137501143Liaison/Inspection/meeting21144Remarks:According to the FSD, it is not feasible forthem to organise regular liaison meetings withthe management offices and/or OwnersIncorporations of private developments, bothresidential and commercial as well asindustrial buildings due to such a colossalnumber of premises involved in the Territory.Meetings would be arranged on a need basis toresolve the problems noted during thefamiliarization visits or upon special requestfrom management offices.- 81 -


6OVERALLOBSERVATIONSANDFINDINGSGENERAL6.1 After studying all the relevant informationprovided by the FSD and other relevant governmentdepartments and organisations on the subject of theprovision and maintenance of EVAs and FSIs and equipmentin the public and private building developments in HongKong, this Office has gained a better understanding ofthe issues involved. This chapter will set out ouroverall observations and findings with a view to drawingour conclusion and recommendations on this investigationin the following chapter.Provision and Maintenance of EVAs in Both Public andPrivate Building Developments6.2 In Hong Kong, modern buildings tend to be highriseand complex, and provision of EVAs to thesebuildings should be one of the essential items to ensurethe safety of occupants of the buildings concerned andalso those in the neighbourhood. It is therefore highlydesirable that each and every building in the territoryshould be provided with proper access for emergency andrescue vehicles to ensure public safety and to facilitatefire fighting operations.6.3 However, there is at present no legislationwhich stipulates EVA requirements nor is there anystatutory requirement for redevelopment projects toprovide EVAs to the Administration's satisfaction. Therequirement for the provision of EVAs was introduced onlyin 1980 and was in the form of a clause in the leasedocuments in respect of new developments and•- 82 -


edevelopments with a change in scope or lease condition.This mandatory requirement has since been enforcedthrough the process of building plans for suchdevelopments/re-developments and with littledifficulties.6-4 The problem of inadequacy of EVAs due totopographical constraints is not considered a serious onein respect of new developments in the so-called virginareas. Nowadays, most sites for development are unlikelyto be inaccessible by vehicles. In the course of ourinvestigation, this Office has also been informed by theFSD that, insofar as fire fighting is concerned,particularly when high-rise building developments areinvolved, FSIs and equipment should and can make a majorcontribution.6*5 This is because, according to the modern firefighting philosophy, firemen will increasingly have torely more on such inbuilt systems of an advanced standardthan the fire appliances outside a building, particularlyinsofar as the giving out of a fire warning and/orprevention of a fire are concerned. The reality is suchthat fire-fighting ladders can never compete with theever increasing height of modern high-rise buildings.6.6 The real problem, however, does lie in thoseredevelopment projects in the v old' areas (i.e. developedareas) where there are no changes in the lease conditionsfor such projects and/or where there are genuinetopographical constraints in the provision of EVAs tothese places such as the "stepped street areas' along thehillside of the Hong Kong Island. Because of theinaccessibility to these places by emergency and rescuevehicles (and indeed all types of vehicles), the problemof fire safety and ambulance needs cannot therefore beunder-estimated and ignored.6.7 In analysing this problem hard against itshistoric background, this Office has studied theeffectiveness of the existing means used by thegovernment departments to resolve the problem ofinadequacy of EVAs in respect of the redevelopmentswithout a change in the lease conditions. All such meanshave their own limitations. As an obvious example, theexisting residual powers, which can be exercised by theBA in disapproving building plans under S. 16 (1) (g) ofthe BO for proposed developments in such areas for fire- 83 -


safety and other reasons would appear, as demonstrated inthe Sands Street cases {paras. 4.28 - 4.37 in Chapter 4above), to be inadequate and ineffective. This Officehas finally come to the view, which is being shared bythe BD and the FSD f that the introduction of legislativeamendments to the existing legislation to the effect thatproper EVAs must be provided to all development proposalsincluding redevelopment projects would be an effectiveand long-term solution, amongst others (Chapter 7) .6.8 Most EVAs are in fact public trunk roads butsome are not. For those which are public roads, theirmaintenance is not the responsibility of the FSD.Insofar as the maintenance of EVAs in private buildingdevelopments is concerned, the responsibility of properlymaintaining such EVAs falls on the owners of theconcerned buildings themselves. It is their duty toensure that such EVAs are free from obstruction at alltimes to allow a smooth passage of emergency vehicles.Prior to the Yue Wan Estate fire, the FSD indeed did nothave a systematic programme for carrying out inspectionsto any EVAs, and such inspections were only made on arandom basis or upon receipt of complaints.6*9 Following the fire in Yue Wan Estate in July1995, both the FSD and the HD had jointly made greatefforts in improving the fire safety measures in thePHEs. Many improvement and remedial works relating toEVAs had been carried out in public housing estates(including those managed by the HKHS) but no similarefforts were spent or planned in respect of privatebuilding developments. This Office understands that thismight have attributed to the fact that more than half ofthe population in Hong Kong are living in such PHEs andalso that the present resources of the FSD do not permitthe Department to extend such efforts to the privatebuilding developments.Provision and Maintenance of PSIs and Equipment in BothPublic and Private Building Developments6.10 As pointed out in para. 6.5 above, theprovision of modernised FSIs and equipment has becomeincreasingly more important and essential in the modernphilosophy of firefighting within building developments.Unlike EVAs, the enforcement of the provision of FSIs andequipment has since 1964 had the necessary legal backing- 84 -


(under both the FSO and the BO) in Hong Kong. Before1964, building plans were not required to be submitted tothe FSD for examination and approval. In this year, theBO was amended to include a statutory requirement for theexamination and approval of FSIs and equipment by the FSDin respect of new buildings.6.11 The provision of FSIs and equipment up to thecurrent FSD's standards (embodied in the department'sCode of Practice for Minimum Fire Service Installationsand Equipment) is now enforced statutorily through theprocess of approving building plans including the designand construction stages. Under the BO, the buildingdeveloper concerned must obtain the requisite FireServices certificates (i.e. F.S.s 161 and 172) before hecan obtain the necessary occupation permit from the BA inrespect of the completed buildings.6*12 Insofar as the•provision of FSIs and equipmentfor - new private buildings is concerned, this mechanismappears to be adequate and working well although, once anOccupation Permit has been issued, there are no statutoryrequirements for upgrading the FSIs and equipment in thebuilding concerned to the prevailing standard at thelater stage.6.13 In the case of the construction of PHEs, inspite of their exempted status under the BO, the abovemechanism and procedural steps governing building plansare largely followed by the HA for the sake of ensuringfire safety in such buildings housing a large population.6.14 However, in respect of buildings built before1964, the situation is not entirely satisfactory becausethese buildings are not required to be equipped with anyFSIs and equipment for fire fighting operations. Thisraises a definite cause of concern in the scenario of amajor fire erupting within these old buildingsparticularly those densely populated. The tragedy of theShek Kip Mei Hong Kong Bank fire in 1994 serves toillustrate the disastrous consequences of havinginadequate FSIs and equipment in the event of fire inthese old buildings.6.15 The lesson drawn by the Administration from theHong Kong Bank fire has subsequently led to the proposedintroduction of legislative measures (i.e. the FireSafety (Commercial Premises) Bill) to require the- 85 ~


upgrading of fire protection measures {includingautomatic sprinkler installations, emergency lighting andothers) in large commercial premises with a total floorarea of over 23 0m 2 . This remedial measure will undoubtedlyhelp improve the present undesirable situation in respectof this type of old buildings to a significant extent.6.16 On the other hand, following the Shek Kip Meiincident, the FSD staff have been conducting joint visitswith the Labour Department staff to old industrialundertakings which are not protected by sprinkler system.The purpose of these visits is to advise the factoryproprietors concerned to upgrade the existing FSIs andequipment in their old premises. However, the efforts ofthese two departments have not satisfactorily achievedthe intended purposes because they have not met withpositive responses from thfe factory owners at large.Therefore, there appears to be a need for theAdministration to give serious consideration to thefeasibility of extending the above , new legislativerequirements to cover other major types of old premisessuch as industrial premises.6.17 As regards maintenance of FSIs and equipment,it is now a statutory requirement on the part of theowner concerned under Regulation 8 of the Fire Service(Installations and Equipment) Regulations. In reality,the owner concerned usually entrusts this statutoryresponsibility to one or more of the about 800 registeredFSI contractors insofar as the technical maintenance ofthe FSIs and equipment is concerned. The requirementsfor the frequency of inspections to and testing of thevarious types of FSIs and equipment for differentpremises are fully prescribed in the FSD's prevailingCode of Practice for Inspection and Testing ofInstallations and Equipment.6.18 Probably of resources problem, the FSD does notat present have a systematic programme for inspecting theFSIs and equipment in the private buildings by its staff,as in the case of inspection of EVAs in such buildings.Inspections are carried out only on a random basis or onreceipt of complaints. In reality and practice, the veryresponsibility of properly maintaining FSIs and equipmentin all private buildings (and in fact also in the PHEs)falls largely on the 800 registered FSI contractors inthe territory. Therefore, the importance and need for an- 86 -


effective monitoring of the performance of thesecontractors cannot be under-stressed.6.19 However, the statistics at Annex XXXXXI showingthe relatively few disciplinary cases taken against suchcontractors and the seemingly light penalties awarded tothe defaulter contractors vis-a-vis the serious nature ofthe concerned offences may call for an FSD internalassessment on whether or not the 'existing controls on theperformance of these contractors are adequate and whetherthese controls should be tightened up.6.20 As mentioned in para. 6.9 above, the FSD andthe HD had made intensive efforts in making improvementsto the fire safety measures including FSIs and equipmentin all the PHEs following the Yue Wan Estate fire. Theefforts made by these departments including the extensiveimprovement works to the existing EVAs and FSIs andequipment as well as the training of the HD field staffare worthwhile and commendable. This Office notes,however, that these efforts were only initiated after thesaid fire in July 1995, which is an indication that suchmatters might not have been given the same amount ofattention previously. Nevertheless, the efforts now madeare highly positive and in the right direction.OVERALL OBSERVATIONS6.21 This Office has the following overallobservations on this investigation -EVAsEnforcement of Provisions for Building Developments(a) According to FSD's records studied in thecourse of this investigation, the FSDdepartmental policy on the provision ofEVAs for various types of premises hadonly been formulated since 1975. Prior tothat, such a policy could not beconsidered as comprehensive enough.(b) Prior to 1964, building plans were notrequired to be submitted to the FSD forapproval and it was not until 1980 that- 87 -


the provision of EVAs to certain types ofnew buildings 5r was made a mandatoryrequirement. Between 1964 and 198 0, theFSB's policy, which was advisory innature, was the provision of an EVA to theprincipal/one face of the building.(c) There is at present no legislation whichstipulates EVA requirements nor is thereany statutory requirement forredevelopment projects to provide EVAs toD of FS's or BA's satisfaction.Compliance of the requirement forprovision of EVAs, in the form of a leaseclause in the relevant lease documentssince 1980, is currently enforced throughthe process of approving building plansunder the BO.(d) Nonetheless, the above mandatory EVArequirements (which apply only to newdevelopment and redevelopment projectswith a change in lease conditions) hasbeen enforced rather smoothly. However, assuch requirements are embodied in the formof a condition in the land lease, anysubsequent non-compliance of thiscondition after the grant of land wouldinvolve a breach of the land lease andwould have to be settled by way of civilactions. Such cases are rare, and theLands D may effectively enforce thecompliance of the conditions in the landlease by a threat of Vre-entering' intothe land.(e) The real problem of inadequacy of EVAslies in the redevelopment projects with nochange in the lease conditions because themandatory EVA requirements do not apply tosuch projects. These redevelopmentprojects usually take place in the "old'areas, including notably thex steppedstreet areas' along the hillside of theHong Kong Island where there are howevertopographical or physical constraints inproviding EVAs. Because of this, thereexists a certain degree of risk or.-•88 -


difficulty in conducting fire fightingoperations in the event of a fire.(f) The concern on the fire safety of theresidents in these old areas can howeverbe alleviated to an extent by the presentuse of amendments to OZPs, in the contextof town planning, to restrict the heightand intensity of redevelopments in suchareas. Moreover, the D of FS can requirethe provision of enhanced FSIs andequipment (in accordance with theprevailing Code of Practice on MinimumFire Service Installations and Equipment)for the newly constructed buildings. Thiswould compensate for the lack of EVAs forsuch buildings and would reduce the riskof fire because firemen can fight firewith the use of these enhanced FSIs andequipment from within these buildings.(g)Fire safety considerations aside, however,one cannot overlook the ambulance needsfor the residents in these areas wherethere are no vehicular access. The lackof such access would undoubtedly hamperefficient ambulance services if theambulance men have to walk a long distancewith a seriously ill patient on astretcher to reach the waiting ambulanceparked hundreds of metres away.Therefore, the lack of EVAs or vehicularaccess for these redevelopment projectsdefinitely poses a problem, and a solutionto which has to be found.Legislative Constraints(h) The lack of legislative support for themandatory EVA requirements hasimplications on the enforcement of theserequirements in the context of landleases. Nowhere in either the BO or theFSO provides anything specific to theprovision of EVAs. This legislativedeficiency has had the followingconsequences/implications


(i)The issue of "warning letters' (firstissued in 1974), and later the"advisory letters', to the developersconcerned in respect of the lack ofEVAs for their proposed developmentshad ceased in 1994. The EVAprovisions in these letters were notbinding on the developers concerned,and were seen as advisory in natureonly.(ii) Under S. 16(1) of the BO, the BA hasthe power to refuse to give hisapproval of any plans .of buildingworks. However, this legislationdoes not empower the BA to disapprovebuilding plans because EVA is notavailable to a site. If all therequirements regarding FSIs andequipment are fully complied withunder the BO, the BA cannot refuse toissue an Occupation Permit for thebuilding in question.(iii)S. 2 of the FSO gives a cleardefinition of FSIs and equipment.The D of FS cannot decline the issueof a certificate under S. 16(1)(b) ofthe BO on the ground that his adviceon EVA has been ignored.Accordingly, all the building plansmust be dealt with in terms of therequirements of S. 16(1) of the BOwhich, legally speaking, only dealswith FSI and not EVA matters.(i)The BA's residual powers under S. 16(1)(g)of the BO to disapprove building plansbecause of fire safety related reasonsproved to be ineffective after they wererepeatedly and successfully contested atthe Buildings Appeals Tribunal in theSands Street cases in 1993.(j) According to the Building (Planning)Regulation 5(1) and (2), the BA mayrequire the provision of an access lane oraccess road within the site of any new-90 -


uilding. However, this piece oflegislation is also not an effective toolfor providing EVAs in buildings. Theprovisions within this Regulation onlymention access, which could be justpedestrian access or a courtyard, etc. andit refers to a situation within a site.(k) Following the Sands Street appeal cases,the Plan D had started to make use of theamendments of OZPs to control the heightand intensity of redevelopments in oldareas without vehicular access. However,the use of this means has its owndrawbacks because this will be achieved atthe expense of the maximised land use ofthe sites. Moreover, whilst it couldrender "relief in limiting 'unsuitable'redevelopments, it cannot effectivelyenforce the provision of EVAs as such.(1) From the above, it is demonstrated thatthere is nothing in the existinglegislation to effectively enforce theprovision of EVAs for certain buildingdevelopments. The BD had in factinitiated attempts to introducelegislative amendments to the BO for thepurpose of making EVAs a statutoryrequirement for both the new andredevelopment proposals as long ago as in1980s and again in the 1990s. However,because of various reasons, these attemptshad not been finally put intoimplementation.(m)In the course of our investigation, thisOffice has noted that both the FSD and theBD staff are in favour of renewing thelegislative attempts to enforce theprovision of EVAs mainly on public safetygrounds.Obstructions to EVAs(n)Although enforcement actions can be takenunder S. 9(1)(a) of the FSO in respect of-• 91 -


obstructions to EVAs (which was reaffirmedby legal advice), it would appearthat the FSD has shown reluctance to serveany FHANs. The lack of any enforcementactions in this regard indicates thatthere are practical difficulties inenforcement actions in respect of EVAs, asagainst the case of obstructions to FSIsand equipment. For example, suchobstructions are normally caused by parkedvehicles whose drivers may not be readilylocated. This Office has noted, withinterest, that the FSD is continuing toobtain legal advice on how thisenforcement problem can be resolved.(o)The FSD obtained legal advice as far backas in 1975 that where the standard ofvehicular access would have a directeffect on the structure when occupied,that structure might be regarded anddeclared as a possible "fire hazard" underthe FSO. Notwithstanding this advice, theFSD had not taken any relevant enforcementactions in respect of such situations suchas to issue a FHAN under the FSO inrespect of the completed building orsought to declare such a building as a*dangerous building" under the BO by BA.Instead, the FSD had chosen to issue,during the processing stage of thebuilding plans, a "letter of concern' tothe AP concerned expressing its concern onthe lack of proper vehicular accesses tothe building. However, as these letterswere only advisory in nature, the advicegiven was not binding on the developersconcerned,(p) In the case of public sector buildings,some of the management concerned might notbe aware of the existence of an EVA whenthe premises were handed over by the ArchSD. As a result, the management might notbe aware of the need to ensure that theseEVAs are kept free from obstructions atall times.- 92 -


(q)The FSD does not at present have a regularprogramme to inspect EVAs (save those inthe PHEs) in order to ensure that they arefree from obstructions- The fact thatthey only act on complaints might raiselegitimate concern from the residentsconcerned. Nonetheless, this Officeappreciates that to implement a full scaleinspection programme for the wholeterritory would have to entail theprovision and utilisation of a large scaleof resources.(r) Since the majority of the EVAs in theterritory are public roads, the FSD itselfdoes not have an overall and soleresponsibilities to ensure that they arefree from obstruction at all times. Thereare other players like the Police, theLands D, the BD and the HD (or the HKHS)in the case of PHEs. In the privatehousing/commercial complexes, theresponsibility rests with the ' respectiveowners/management companies concerned.(s) Obstructions to EVAs in the privatestreets have always been an acute anddifficult problem for not only the lawenforcing departments but also theresidents concerned. Blockage to accessfor emergency vehicles in private streetswhich are common in such areas is aserious matter of concern. A resumptionprogramme is in place. This Office has,however, noted with surprise that some ofthe private streets with EVA problemsmight have to be deleted from theprogramme because of compensation relatedconsiderations.(t)Following the Yue Wan Estate fire in July1995, both the FSD and the HD had made alot of remedial efforts in improving thefire safety measures in the PHEs. A fullscaleinspection to the EVAs in all thePHEs had been carried out. Amongst thesemeasures relating to such inspections is,notably, the keeping of a separate- 93 -


egister for inspections to PHEs.Previously, all such inspections wererecorded in the so-called *Fire Risks'Register kept in the respective local firestations. However, another new registerhas not been kept for use in respect ofinspections to EVAs in other areas.PHEs(u) A dedicated Inter-departmental WorkingGroup comprising officials of the FSD andthe HD was formed soon after the Yue WanEstate fire to look into the fire safetymeasures in all PHEs. The situation hasbeen much improved following theimplementation of various improvementmeasures in PHEs. On the other hand, thishas reflected that the situation mighthave been far from ideal before theincident took place as some designatedEVAs in individual PHEs were indeed foundto be either obstructed, misused, notclearly marked or otherwise in need ofimprovement (as evident from the jointFSD/HD investigation report produced afterthe incident and individual complaintsreceived by the FSD).(v)The importance of the adequacy of EVAs inPHEs and their proper maintenance tofacilitate fire fighting and other rescueoperations is now given special attentionby. both the FSD and HD as a sub-group hasbeen set up under the above Working Groupto specifically deal with EVA matters.Other Issues(w)The District Land Conferences set up underthe various regional District LandsOffices of the Lands D provide a usefulforum for concerned governmentrepresentatives to discuss, wherenecessary, EVA issues. However, as thereis at present no legislation specifically-94 -


equiring the provision of EVAs forredevelopments in old areas, such aproblem cannot be resolved by meetings ofthe District Land Conferences.(x) Because of the unique features of theNTEHs, the provision of EVAs for suchhouses remains a distinct issue of itsown. Under the present practice, EVAsshould be provided to 'large' developmentseach comprising ten houses or more.However, as regards x smaller' developmentseach comprising less than ten houses,there exists a loophole for exploitationbecause no EVAs are required to beprovided for such developments and, at thesame time, no FSIs and equipment are alsorequired to be provided there for NTEHsare normally of 3-storey high.(y)(z)Most EVAs are themselves public roads, andare not physically marked (e.g. on theroad surface) as such. This isunderstandable. However, in the case ofEVAs located within PHEs or privatecomplexes, it would help to eliminateobstructions particularly inadvertent onesif the designated EVAs are clearly markedwith easily observable markings.It is noted that the FSD has sought andsubsequently obtained additional resourcesfrom the Administration for setting up adedicated unit to cope with the extraworkload arising from the proposedenhancement of FSIs and equipment incommercial premises with a long termobjective to step up inspections to FSIsand equipment in other types of buildings.As far as EVAs are concerned, there is asyet a proposal to set up a similardedicated inspection team within the FSD.- 95 -


FSIs and EquipmentEnforcement of Provision for Building Developments(aa) Contrary to those of EVAs, therequirements of FSIs and equipment forbuilding developments have had since 1964the necessary legal back-up under the BO.The BA has the authority under S. 16(1) ofthe BO to refuse to approve building plansif the requisite Fire ServicesCertificates F.S.s 161 and 172 are notissued in respect of such plans. However,once an Occupation Permit has been issuedin respect of a completed building, thereare no requirements for the ownersconcerned to upgrade the completed FSIsand equipment within the same building inorder to bring them to the prevailingstandards and requirements of the FSD.(ab) Prior to 1964, there were no specific FSIrequirements to be followed in respect ofbuilding plans for all types of buildingdeve1opment s.(ac) NTEHs are not required, under the law, tobe equipped with the necessary FSIs andequipment. It is further noted that forx smaller' developments each composed ofless than 10 such houses, an EVA is noteven required.Upgrading of PSIs and Equipment in Domestic andIndustrial Premises(ad)The Fire Safety (Commercial Premises) Billonly requires upgrading of FSIs andequipment in respect ofcommercial/business/shops units of acertain description (i.e. each with atotal floor area of more than 230 m 2 ) «However, this legislative effort was onlyinitiated after the Shek Kip Mei Hong KongBank fire in 1994.-96 -


( ae ) AS yet, the Administration has nointention to introduce legislativemeasures to upgrade FSIs and equipment inother types of buildings including factoryundertakings. The response from theowners of these undertakings to the recentjoint campaign launched by both the FSDand the Labour Department on the upgradingof FSIs and equipment in old industrialundertakings was less than satisfactory,and this has, to a certain extent,revealed the state of awareness of theimportance of fire safety generallyamongst the owners of theseindustrial undertakings. Purelyadministrative/advisory measures may notbe effective in achieving the intendedpurposes of promoting fire safety in suchpremises.Inspection and Routine Maintenance(af) During the building construction stage,the FSD only carries out on site checks onFSIs and equipment after theirinstallation and consequent upon thesubmission of relevant installationcertificates by the FSI contractorsconcerned for the issue of the requiredFire- Services Certificate, i.e. F.S. 172by it. Except on random basis or uponreceipt of specific complaints, the FSDwill not, however, carry out any checksthereafter on the FSIs and equipmentinstalled in neither government norprivate buildings, whether such beingresidential premises or otherwise.(ag) Annual inspections to FSIs and equipmentinstalled in buildings are required underSection 8 (b) of the Fire Service(Installations and Equipment) Regulations.In practice, such inspections are carriedout by the FSI contractors. However, notall of these contractors are reliable (asevident from the statistics regarding thecourt convictions and disciplinary cases- 97 -


•in Annex XXXXXI). An effective qualitycontrol mechanism with an aim to ensuringthe best of performance standards fromthese contractors is therefore ofparamount importance.(ah) Visual inspections of FSIs and equipmentby the local fire station personnel areconducted only on a random basis duringfamilization visits.(ai) Notwithstanding the importance of regularmaintenance of FSIs and equipment, the FSDhas yet to set up a dedicated team tocarry out inspections to FSIs andequipment installed in buildings on asystematic basis. The Commercial PremisesImprovement Division within the FSD whichwill be set up later this year will mainlybe responsible for fire safety incommercial premises of a specific type.(aj) Apart from annual inspections, dailyroutine checks are mostly conducted by thebuilding management concerned. It istheir responsibility to reportdefects/damages to the nominated FSIcontractors for repair and maintenance.The quality of the management would have adirect bearing on the state of maintenanceof the FSIs and equipment installed.Although this is also a matter of concernfor public fire safety and may necessitatea more in-depth study, this does not fallwithin the scope of the present directinvestigation.(ak) The number of routinex self-initiated'random checks by FSD personnel on FSIs andequipment is comparatively small,particularly when compared with the numberof complaints received by the FSD inrespect of FSIs and equipment. In 1995,only 186 such random checks were carriedout whereas an almost four fold figure of724 complaints were received in respect ofFSIs and equipment in the same year.- 98 -


PHEs(Full statistics in respect of the pastfive years are in para. 5.44 above.)(al) The Yue Wan Estate fire has exposed manymaintenance problems for FSIs andequipment in many of the PHEs inspected byboth the FSD and the HD staff followingthe incident. Vandalism is found to be acommon problem, amongst others. This mayin fact serve to demonstrate the need formore frequent patrol of the FSIs andequipment in the PHEs by the estate staffconcerned.(am) The above-mentioned maintenance revealsthe undesirable effect of the FSD'scurrent policy of only conducting randomchecks on FSIs and equipment. It alsodemonstrates that there is room forimprovement in the daily/routine FSIinspections conducted by the estatemanagement staff. Fortunately as thisOffice has noted, improvements have been,and are being, made following theimplementation of the Inter-departmentalWorking Group's recommendations forimprovement works in respect of FSIs andequipment and others.(an) The scope of work of the WG set up toimprove the fire safety measures in HD'sPHEs does not cover #HD-managed commercialcomplexes and markets. According to theHD, a review is intended to be carried outon such measures in these places based onthe enactment of the Fire Safety(Commercial Premises) Ordinance later thisyear. As the incidence of mal-functioningof FSIs and equipment due to vandalism isfound to be prevalent in the residentialblocks, a review of the FSIs and equipmentin non-residential facilities managed bythe HD would seem to be preferable.(ao) The scope of work of the above WG does notcover either the THAs or PSPS estates. Itis noted that the main reason for- 99 -


excluding THAs from the scope of studyundertaken by the WG is that all THAs arealready provided with HEs, PEs, secondaryelectricity supply and other equipment ina manner generally in accordance with theapproach established for FSIs andequipment improvement works by the WG. Inrespect of the PSPS estates, the reasonfor their exclusion is that such estatesare not designed, built, maintained normanaged by the HD.(ap) There is as yet no firm fire safetyimprovement programme for HOS courtsalthough it is the intention of the WGthat such be included in its overallschedule of work. It is noted that thecosts of any improvement works will haveto be borne by the owners of the HOScourts• themselves and hence consultationwith and blessing of these owners will berequired of the implementation of anyimprovement works.(aq) This Office is pleased to note that the HDhas stepped up fire safety training forits estate staff. This sort of trainingwould help them better equipped toidentify FSI defects and faults. However,as "privatization 7 of some of the existingestate management functions performed bythe HD staff has already begun, some ofthese trained estate staff may have to bere-deployed.FSD's Code of Practice on Minimum Fire ServiceInstallations and Equipment and Inspections and Testingof Installations and Equipment(ar) The current Code of Practice is onlyupdated by the FSD if and when it is feltnecessary by the department. There is norequirement for updating this document at apre-determined regular interval.'(as) In addition to the publication of thisCode of Practice, APs are kept informed- 100 -


periodically of the latest requirementsregarding FSIs and equipment by the FSD inthe form of * circular letters'.(at) Compliance of the requirements under theCode relies heavily, in practice, on theperformance of the FSI contractors and thebuilding management concerned. Insofar asthe procedural requirements for themaintenance, inspection and testing of theFSIs and equipment are concerned, theFSD's Code of Practice, whilst beingmeticulous in providing necessary detailsfor the frequency of tests for the varioustypes of FSIs and equipment, sometimesfails to specify which party (i.e. the FSIcontractor concerned, management of thebuilding or the FSD) should be responsiblefor actually carrying out such testsand/or inspections. Ambiguity thereforeexists in the actual enforcement of theCode in this regard.FSI Contractors(au) Once qualified and registered, thebusiness of the FSI contractors can becarried on for life. There are, undernormal circumstances, no requirements forthese contractors to be re-tested in orderto retain their qualified status.(av) The number of reported cases of misconductof the FSI contractors (some 800territory-wide) resulting in court actionsand/or disciplinary actions broughtagainst them is extremely small. Therewere only a total of 27 such disciplinarycases over the past 10 years (fullstatistics in Annex XXXXXI). Because ofthe current method by which FSD personnelonly carry out physical checks on theperformance of the FSI contractors on arandom basis, such figures may notrepresent the full picture of theperformance of these contractors as awhole.-101 -


(aw) The punishments and penalties awarded byboth the court and the FSI ContractorsDisciplinary Board (hote 8) appear to be onthe side of leniency. Even for seriousoffences such as "issuing or forwarding afalse certif icate" and "signing a falsecertificate", there are no provisions forcustodial sentences (Annex XXXXXI). Themaximum level of punishment for themajority of the relevant offences listedunder the Fire Service (Installations andEquipment) Regulations is only $5,000, andit was last reviewed in 1981. Moreover,almost all of the punishments awarded bythe Disciplinary Board were merely a'"reprimand" which may not fully reflectthe serious nature of the offences inquestion.Other Issues(ax) As regards those multi-storey buildingsconstructed in the pre-1964 era in siteswhich are inaccessible by emergencyvehicles and for which no FSIs andequipment were required to be installed,the risk of fire is, at least in theory,higher than other developments. However,although no statistics regarding suchbuildings presently existing in theterritory are made available to thisOffice during the course of thisinvestigation, the number of thesebuildings is understood to be decliningwith the passage of time as a result ofredevelopment projects being carried outin Hong Kong.(ay) The FSD headquarters has not drawn up acomprehensive list of buildings coveringthe whole Territory where there are poorand/or inadequate FSIs and equipment.However, the local fire stations do keeprecords of the so-called "high risk'buildings in their respective areas.- 102 -


(az) The Administration has devoted moreattention to FSI problems in PHEs thanthat in the private developments. This isevident by the fact that many improvementworks for FSIs and equipment have beendrawn up and implemented in the PHEs butnone has so far been proposed for theprivate developments. In the course ofour investigation, it has been found thatno comprehensive review of the FSIs andequipment situation in private buildingshas been, or will be, attempted in thenear future. The proposed enactment ofthe Fire Safety (Commercial Premises)Ordinance which was culminated followingthe Shek Kip Mei Hong Kong Bank fire in1994 covers commercial premises of aspecific type only.-103 -


7CONCLUSIONANDRECOMMENDA TIONSCONCLUSION7.1 The Yue Wan Estate fire in July 1995 hasexposed many problems relating to the provision andmaintenance of EVAs and FSIs and equipment, mainly in thePHEs. Notably some of these problems were : inadequateEVAs and outdated FSIs and equipment in the old PHEs,lack of a systematic inspection programme in respect ofFSIs and equipment, vandalism of such equipment andinsufficient fire safety training for estate staff.Following the fire, the FSD, HD and the HKHS have made alot of efforts in resolving such problems by makingimprovements to such fire safety measures in the PHEs.These improvements include, amongst others, the carryingout of enhancement works to EVAs, upgrading of FSIs andequipment, drawing up and implementing of a full scaleinspection programme for such fire safety equipment andreinforcing of fire safety training for the estate staff.As a result of the implementation of the aforementionedimprovement works and remedial measures, the situation inthe PHEs should now be improving to a great extent.7.2 In the case of private building developments,it is more than likely that some, if not all, of theproblems mentioned in the above paragraph may also exist.Furthermore, the lack of legislative requirements for theprovision of EVAs in respect of building developmentshas, in particular, caused definite concern, from thefire safety point of view, in respect of redevelopmentswithout a change in land leases in the *old' areas.However, probably because of resource problems and issuesrelating to the question of ownership, it would appearthat the efforts spent by the FSD (and other relevantgovernment departments) on studying and improving thesituation in the PHEs have not been repeated in the- 104 -


private building developments. It is therefore assessedthat the overall situation in such building developmentsmay not be regarded as without problems or concern.7.3 The provision and proper maintenance of firesafety measures are of crucial importance to theprevention and extinguishment of fire as well as theprotection of life and property. Insofar as theprovision and maintenance of EVAs are concerned, it isnot the sole responsibility of the FSD, and the effortsand co-operation of other relevant government departmentswould also be required.7.4 Based on the preceding observations andfindings, this Office concludes that there are somedeficiencies in the existing procedures governing theprovision and maintenance of EVAs and FSIs and equipmentfor building developments, mainly as follows -(a) there is a lack of statutory requirementfor the provision of EVAs for buildingdevelopments;(b) the FSD does not have a regular programmein place for inspecting EVAs in privatebuilding developments;(c) apart from the Fire Safety (CommercialPremises) Bill (expected to be enacted inMay 1996) which requires commercialpremises of specific types with a totalfloor area exceeding 230m 2 to upgrade theirfire safety measures, there are no otherlegislative proposals for similarimprovements in respect of other buildingdevelopments;(d) the FSD does not have a regular programmein place for inspecting FSIs and equipmentin all building developments by itsofficers;(e) the present FSD's control and supervisionof the performance of FSI contractors arenot wholly adequate and satisfactory;(f) enforcement of the present EVA guidelinesregarding the delineation ofx large'- 105 -


developments of NTEHs is not withoutdifficulty as the interpretation of theseguidelines may be open to disputes; and(g)the resumption of private streets for thepurposes of, amongst others, improvingfire safety measures remains a difficultproblem.7.5 The above findings have revealed that there isroom for further improvements to be made to the existingprocedures and mechanism governing the provision andmaintenance of EVAs and FSIs and equipment for buildingdevelopments. As protection of human life and propertyare involved, the Administration should seek everypossible means to provide the highest standards of firesafety measures in the territory.RECOMMENDATIONS7.6 This Office has the following recommendationsfor consideration by the Administration (many of theserecommendations would entail the joint efforts ofrelevant government departments in their implementation)(A)EVAs(I)Introduction of Legislative Amendments(1) The PELB should, in consultation with theBD and the FSD, consider the feasibilityof introducing legislative amendments tothe BO with a view to making the provisionof EVAs for all types of buildingdevelopments a statutory requirement andto empowering the BA to disapprovebuilding plans with no or inadequate EVAs.The proposed legislative amendments shouldforestall the unwanted situation of acivil dispute arising from the breach ofthe lease conditions in respect of newbuilding developments and redevelopmentswith a change in the lease conditions andshould also plug the existing loopholes inrespect of redevelopment projects withouta change in the lease conditions.- 106 -


Legislative attempts will not always beeasy, but will certainly be worthwhilewhen protection of human life is involved.(II) Enforcement of the Provision of and Inspectionsto EVAs(2) The FSD should look more vigorously intothose situations where the structures canbe regarded as a 'fire hazard' within theinterpretation of the FSO due to the lackor inadequacy of EVAs with a view totaking appropriate enforcement orimprovement actions.(3) The FSD should consider the feasibility ofcausing a fire safety survey to be carriedout in respect of the pre-1964 buildingslocated in those 'old' areas where becauseof physical constraints or otherhistorical reasons, there are no EVAsprovided and no FSIs and equipmentinstalled. The purpose of this survey isto find out the need for, and the bestpossible means of, enhancing the firesafety measures in such buildings.(4) The FSD should draw up a regular programmefor inspecting EVAs for private buildingsand those located within privateresidential/commercial complexes in amanner similar to that for the PHEs. Ifnecessary, the FSD should review itsexisting staffing requirements and seekadditional resources to cope with theextra workload arising from theimplementation of this programme.(5) The FSD should regularly review the EVArequirements in respect of the differenttypes of buildings in order to keep pacewith the rapid developments in the localbuilding industry as well as the changingtown planning requirements in Hong Kong.(6) The FSD should liaise with the HD, theHKHS and, where appropriate, the- 107 -


management of the private buildingdevelopments for the purposes of advisingand assisting them in delineating andmarking the respective designated EVAs(e.g. with easily observable markings).(7) The PSRC (set up under the HAD) shouldlook harder into various means ofresolving EVA problems in private streets,particularly those which because ofcompensation related considerations, havebeen deleted from the relevant resumptionprogramme.(8) The BMCCs (set up under the HAD) shouldstrengthen their coordinating efforts oneliminating fire hazards inside the targetbuildings within their respectivedistricts and also assisting the ownersconcerned in properly maintaining theirFSIs and equipment.(9) The Plan D should draw up a set of clearlydefined guidelines regarding thedelineation of 'large' developments ofNTEHs for the purposes of implementing theEVA requirements.(10) The HD should liaise with the FSD with aview to drawing up a programme forinspecting all the completed enhancementworks to EVAs currently being carried outin the PHEs.(11) The Arch SD should provide the buildingmanagement concerned, during the handingover of the completed public sectorbuildings, with detailed information (e.g.a layout plan) showing the locations ofthe EVAs. The Arch SD should also coordinatewith such building managementwith a view to, where appropriate,physically delineating the designed EVAs.- 108 -


(B)FSIs and Equipment(I)Enforcement of the Provision of and Inspectionsto FSIs and Equipment(12) The FSD should examine the feasibility ofintroducing mandatory requirements forupgrading FSIs and equipment in respect ofcompleted buildings in order to bring themin line with the prevailing standards andrequirements.(13) The FSD should, as far as its resourceswill permit, step up checks andinspections on the FSIs and equipmentinstalled in different types of buildingdevelopments in the territory.(14) The FSD should re-consider the possibilityof setting up a dedicated team to carryout inspections on FSIs and equipmentinstalled in all types of buildings on asystematic basis. It should also reviewthe resources of the proposed PremisesImprovement Division some time after itsscheduled set up later this year with aview to renewing its effort to request theAdministration for additional resourcesfor setting up a dedicated FSIs andequipment inspection team.(II) Reinforcing FSIs and Equipment in PHEs and HD»Managed Facilities and Training for EstateStaff(15) The HD should from time to time review theexisting security arrangements for FSIsand equipment in the PHEs with a view tominimising and preventing cases of.vandalism of FSIs and equipment in itsestates.(16) The HD and the FSD should considerextending the scope of work of the InterdepartmentalWorking Group on Fire Safetyin Public Housing Estates to cover HD--109 -


managed commercial complexes and marketson public safety grounds.(17) The HD should continue to monitor theadequacy of fire safety measures in theTHAs (which have been excluded from thescope of study undertaken by the InterdepartmentalWorking Group mentionedabove) with a view to making improvementswhere necessary.(18) The HD should ensure that the field staffof the private estate management companiesemployed under HD's privatisation schemeshould be equipped with the necessary firesafety training and knowledge.(III)FSI Contractors(19) The FSD should strengthen its randomchecks on the performance of the FSIcontractors in order to ensure the bestperformance standards from thesecontractors.(20) The FSD should review the existing levelsof penalties in respect of the offencesunder the Fire Service (InstallationContractors) Regulations with a view toachieving adequate deterrent effect.(IV) Code of Practice on Inspections and Testing ofInstallations and Equipment(21) The FSD should specify more clearly, inthe Code of Practice on Inspections andTesting of Installations and Equipment,which party should be responsible foractually carrying out the inspections andtests for the various types of FSIs andequipment when it next reviews and amendsthe document.- 110 -


(C)Public Education(22) The FSD should step up publicity amongstthe owners and proprietors of theindustrial undertakings (particularly theold ones) with a view to arousing theirawareness of the importance and usefulnessof upgrading the FSIs and equipment withintheir premises.(23) The FSD should consider launchingpublicity amongst the local buildingindustry with a view to arousing thedevelopers' general awareness of theusefulness and importance of the provisionof EVAs for building developments for thepurposes of fire fighting operationsinside buildings.(24) The FSD should liaise with the HD, theHKHS and the HAD, where appropriate, forthe purposes of stepping up publicityamongst the residents in both the publicand private buildings with a view toarousing their general awareness of theimportance of fire safety as well as ofupkeeping the FSIs and equipment withintheir buildings. Public education playsan important role in the prevention offire, and it is of paramount importancethat residents concerned should know andaccept their responsibility of maintainingsuch fire safety equipment.- Ill -


8Final RemarksCOMMENTS FROM GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS AND OTHERORGANISATION8.1 Whilst the conclusion of this report in paras.7.1 to 7.5 is largely acceptable to the D of FS and headsof other relevant government departments/policy branchand the HKHS, some of them have given their views on theoverall observations and findings of this Office inparas. 6.1 to 6.21. As regards the 24 recommendations inpara. 7.6, this Office is pleased to note that, exceptRecommendation (4) on which the D of FS raisesreservations, they have been accepted either in full orin principle by them for implementation subject todetails to be worked out. The detailed responses of theD of FS and other government department/policy branch tothis Office's observations and findings as well as therecommendations are summarised below together with thisOffice's final observations -OBSERVATIONSObservation in Para. 6.20(a) Whilst pleased to note that the variousefforts made by the HD in maintaining/upgradingthe fire safety measures in public rentalhousing estates are acknowledged in thisReport, the D of H expresses his view that thisOffice's conclusion that "such efforts wereonly initiated after the said (Yue Wan Estate)fire in July 1995" is not correct. He furtherstates that n in fact, the conversion programmeto replace dry riser with wet riser in 147blocks exceeding 3 0m high was launched in 1992before the said fire; fire hydrant/hosereel- 112 -


systems in PHEs are tested twice a year whichis more frequent than statutory requirement".(b) Whilst it is true that the said conversionprogramme was initiated in 1992, this Office isof the view that the majority of theimprovement and remedial works to the PHEs wereclearly formulated and implemented as a resultof the deliberation of the Inter-departmentalWorking Group formed following the publicationof the joint inter-departmental report on theYue Wan Estate fire. Such remedial works werecarried out by both the FSD and the HD andmainly included, for example, the enhancementworks to EVAs, installation and upgrading ofadditional FSIs and equipment, the FSD's EVAinspection programme and others. It is anindisputable fact that measures of such anextensive scale were initiated only after thesaid fire in July 1995.Observation in Para. 6.21(x)(c) The D of FS states that the provision ofEVA to NTEHs is proposed and supported by theFSD, and opines that this could only beachieved with the assistance of the Plan D andthe Lands D.Observation in Para* 6.21(ae)(d) The D of FS expresses his view that it hasalways been the FSD's intention to upgrade FSIsand equipment of old buildings/premises to thecurrent standard. However, he considers this avery complicated issue as most of the buildingsare multi-occupancies and it is not alwayspossible to upgrade the FSIs to the currentstandard due to, for example, the buildingdesign constraint. The FSD considers that,before bringing such into legislative effect,an in-depth study into this issue with wideconsultation with the public and othergovernment departments is required and thiswould inevitably involve additional resources.Notwithstanding the above, the FSD has triedits best to upgrade the fire safety standard of- 113 -


the 'old' buildings/premises wheneveropportunity arises. In recent years, the FSDhas successfully enhanced the requirement onfire safety aspects for hotels and guesthouses, bed space apartments, homes for theelderly, etc. through various legislativeenactment. Joint efforts have also been madewith the Social Welfare Department, Arch SD andthe Regional Services Department to enhance thefire safety standards for the,, child carecentres, government dangerous goods stores andgood premises licensed by the Regional Councilrespectively. An agreement has also beenreached with the Urban Council recently toupgrade the fire safety requirement of foodpremises licensed by the Urban Council.(e) This Office appreciates as much as the FSDdoes about the resource problems as well asother possible constraints associated with theproposal of introducing legislative measures toupgrade FSIs and equipment in buildingdevelopments. We therefore only recommend thata feasibility study of introducing mandatoryrequirements for such an upgrading matter beundertaken by the FSD before any action onimplementation is made (Recommendation (12)below).Observation in Para* 6.21(ao)(f) The D of H states that the scope of studyof the WG has recently been extended to cover13 THAs which will be retained beyond 1997.The review was completed recently. Heconsiders that the street fire hydrant/hosereel installations and manual fire alarmsystems in these 13 THAs are generally adequateand that except a few minor modifications, nosignificant enhancement work is necessary.(g) In the light of the D of H's aboveresponse, this Office's observation in para,6.21(ao) above should now read as follows -u The scope of work of the above WG did notuntil recently cover either the THAs or PSPSestates. It was noted that the main reason for-114 -


excluding THAs from the scope of studyundertaken by the WG was that all THAs werealready provided with HEs, PEs, secondaryelectricity supply and other equipment in amanner generally in accordance with theapproach established for FSIs and equipmentimprovement works by the WG. In respect of thePSPS estates, the reason for their exclusionwas that such estates were not designed, built,maintained nor managed by the HD."Observation in Para. 6«21{ap)(h) The D of H states that the WG hascompleted its study on all 92 HOS courtsrecently and that no FSI improvement work wasconsidered necessary. Some improvements to theEVAs were identified. The implementationprogramme is to be worked out in consultationwith the owners by the HD, being the managementagent.(i) In the light of the D of H 7 s aboveresponse, this Office's observation in para,6.21 (ap) above should now read as follows -"There was until recently no firm fire safetyimprovement programme for HOS courts but it wasthe intention of the WG that such be includedin its overall schedule of work. It is notedthat the costs of any improvement works willhave to be borne by the owners of the HOScourts themselves and hence consultation withand blessing of these owners will be requiredof the implementation of any improvementworks."Observation in Para. 6.21 (ar)(j) The D of FS explains that the review ofthe 'Code of Practice' has to go through aprocess of consultation with the Industries. Aworking group known as the 'Working Group forFSI Inspection Procedures' has been set uparound 1988 with representatives from theContractor Association, E&M Consultants, Hong- 115 -


Kong Institution of Engineers, Institution ofFire Engineers, HD and Arch SD to regularlydiscuss the practicalities and feasibilities inconnection with the latest development in theindustry. The 'Code of Practice' will bepublished annually in the Gazette and willincorporate all amendments currently adoptedvia FSD Circular Letters.Observation in Para. 6.21(at)(k) The D of FS states that under Regulation8 (a) of the Fire Service (Installations andEquipment) Regulations, the owners are fullyresponsible for keeping such FSI and equipmentin efficient working order at all times. Theowners/management of building should decide thetype of routine work which may be carried outby visual inspections and report any faultsfound to their FSI contractors for repair.However, maintenance or repair and inspectionof FSIs or equipment should be carried out by aRegistered FSI Contractor under Regulation7 (l)m of the same Regulations. The D of FSalso considers that the owner should seek theadvice of a qualified person such as consultingengineer to prepare a maintenance schedule andprocedures, etc.(1) Having noted the explanations given by theD of FS, this Office suggests that the FSDshould include, where appropriate andnecessary, the above procedural requirementsfor the maintenance, inspection and testing ofFSIs and equipment in the relevant 'Code ofPractice 7 when it next reviews and amends thedocument (Recommendation (21) below)...Observation in Para. 6.21(au)(m) The D of FS states that the existinglegislation is under review and that it wouldbe proposed in the amended legislation that arenewal system for the registration of FSIcontractors will be introduced.- 116 -


(n) This Office is pleased to note that areview of the relevant legislation is nowunderway and hopes that the amended legislationwill ultimately plug the existing loophole inrespect of the absence of any requirements forthe FSI contractors to be re-tested for thepurposes of retaining their qualified status.Observation in Para* 6.21(aw)(o) The D of FS states that the proposedamendment to the existing legislation is beingprepared to increase the maximum fine of $5,000to $100,000 and 6 months' imprisonment. Asregards the punishment awarded by theDisciplinary Board, he opines that it is solelythe decision of the Board which is out of FSD'scontrol.(p) This Office acknowledges that the FSDshould not have any undue influence or controlon the decisions and punishments awarded by therelevant Disciplinary Board. If the maximumfines of the various offences under the FireService (Installations and Equipment)Regulations are raised, this would certainlybring about an indicative and steering effecton the future decisions of the DisciplinaryBoard. (Recommendation (20) below)Observation in Para. 6.21(ay)(q) The D of FS states that the FSD haspreviously carried out surveys to oldcommercial buildings and has kept a list ofsuch buildings for reference. He opines,however, that these old commercial buildingswere built at different points in time andtheir FSIs, though different from theprevailing standard, cannot be regarded asxx poor or inadequate" .(r) This Office's main concern is that, forthe sake of public safety, the FSD shouldideally draw up a list of building developmentswhose FSIs and equipment are not up to the- 117 -


current standard of requirements. Compared tothe current requirements, the FSIs in thesebuildings are, comparatively speaking,inadequate.Observation in Para. 6.21(az)(s) The D of FS states that it u has alwaysbeen the FSD's intention to upgrade the FSI andequipment of all buildings to the currentstandard. However, such improvement wouldrequire amendment to legislation and publicconsultation on a wide scale." As regards theimprovement works for the PHEs, he opines thatu the problem is much simpler as it involvesGovernment resources only. In the case of theYue Wan Estate fire in particular, a lot ofpublic attention and pressure have been broughtto bear."(t) As mentioned in paras, (e) above and (at)below, this Office appreciates the problems anddifficulties associated with any plan forupgrading the FSIs and equipment in completedbuilding developments. However, in view of theobvious advantages, and perhaps necessity, ofthe upgrading, we consider it worthwhile tocarry out the proposed feasibility study(Recommendation (12) below) in order todetermine the way forward on this matter.RECOMMENDATIONSRecoxnmerLdation (1)(u) The D of FS supports the recommendation ofintroducing legislative amendments to the BOwith a view to making the provision of EVAs forall types of building developments a statutoryrequirement and to empowering the BA todisapprove building plans with no or inadequateEVAs. He undertakes to work in conjunction withthe Secretary for the Planning, Environment andLands (SPED and the Director of Buildings (Dof B) to consider the feasibility of thisrecommendation. He, however, considers it-118 -


difficult to give a time scale for implementingit.(v) The SPEL, in giving a consolidated replyof the Director of Buildings (D of B) and theDirector of Planning (D of Plan), also welcomesthis recommendation and appreciates thisOffice's concern over the impact of the lack ofEVA provision on public safety. He explainsthat the BD, in conjunction with other relevantgovernment departments, did carefully considerthe proposal of making EVA provision astatutory requirement in 1989 and that thisproposal did not go ahead because -(i) enhanced FSIs were adopted as analternative to compensate for theinadequate provision of EVAs and as ameans to improve the situation to anacceptable level;(ii) it was believed that the problemwould diminish as most sites fordevelopment or redevelopment wereprovided with vehicular access - incertain circumstances the Plan Dcould impose planning control tolimit the development of inaccessiblesites;(iii)a statutory EVA requirement would runthe risk of making certain sitesserved by stepped streets or narrowstreets completely sterilised giventhe topographical constraints, andwould have negative impacts onindividual owners' development rightsand on urban redevelopment; and(iv) strong reaction from buildingprofessionals and developers wasexpected.(w) Nevertheless, given this Office'sinvestigation results and recommendation, theSPEL, D of FS and D of B will re-consider theproposal, and consult before making a•recommendation.- 119 -


(x) In commenting on this recommendation, theSPEL further suggests to add the word n private"before the wordu building" in para. 7.6(A) (I) (1) . We gather that the SPEL's intentionis to include only the private buildings intothe proposed legislative amendment so that allpublic sector buildings will be excluded fromit and will continue to enjoy their "exemptedstatus" under the BO insofar as the compliancewith the necessary FSIs and other requirementsis concerned.(y) This Office considers that as a matter ofprinciple, all types of buildings, irrespectiveof whether they are private or public sector,should be provided with proper EVAs in order tofacilitate fire fighting and other rescueoperations and also that whether or not theproposed statutory EVA requirement should applyto the public sector buildings would be amatter for the Administration to carefullyconsider and decide in due course. After all,this Office notes that notwithstanding theirn exempted status" under the BO, theconstruction of all public sector buildingsdoes comply with, in practice, all the relevantrequirements of the FSO and BO for the sake ofensuring public safety.Recommendation (2)(z) The D of FS finds it difficult orimpracticable to use fire hazard abatementpower to deal with buildings without an EVAbecause in his opinion this is a very powerfultool which could cause great disruption to thelivelihood of those people residing in suchbuildings. He anticipates very strong reactionfrom those affected by such an action and legaldisputes will be bound to follow. Henevertheless undertakes to consider thisrecommendation very carefully and would seeklegal advice in the first instance. He cannotgive a time scale for implementing thisrecommendation.- 120 -


(aa) This office accepts and appreciates thepractical and legal difficulties/problemsassociated with the implementation of thisparticular recommendation but such should not,for the sake of public safety, discourage theAdministration from finding a solution. Indeed,as regards how best this problem should betackled and what forms of actions should betaken, this would remain a matter for theAdministration to look into carefully.Reconunendation (3)(ab) Whilst the D of FS does . not see anydifficulty in conducting the proposed survey inrespect of the pre-1964 buildings located inthex old' areas, he raises the need forcommitting extra resources for the purposes.He also raises two questions relating to thisrecommendation, i.e.u What could be done withthe outcome of the survey and would it onlyneedlessly raise the expectation of the publicwithout any material improvement ?" . Heundertakes to liaise with SPEL regarding thelikely implications and repercussions beforeconducting the survey. He has thus refused togive a time scale for implementing thisrecommendation.(ac) The purpose of this recommendation is tofind out, amongst other things, the size andseriousness of the fire safety problem withregard to those pre-1964 buildings. ThisOffice considers that whether or not actionswould need to be taken by the FSD to enhancethe fire safety measures in such buildings willdepend on the outcome of the survey. In viewof the scale of the proposed survey, thisOffice appreciates that extra resources willhave to be allocated for the job, and that theAdministration will have to decide on itspriority vis-a-vis others.-121 -


Recommendation (4)(ad) The D of FS considers that most, if notall, of the public roads/streets serving theprivate buildings are taken as EVAs in theevent of fire. Other than emergencysituations, the need to maintain free flow oftraffic along these roads/streets is governedby the provisions of the Road TrafficOrdinance. It is for this reason that the FSDhas not drawn up a regular inspection programmefor private buildings similar to that for thePHEs, As for major private residentialprojects, e.g. Tai Koo Shing, Heng Fa Tsuen,his opinion is that the management offices areempowered to remove obstructions.(ae) The rationale of this Office behind thisrecommendation is that since an inspectionprogramme has been drawn up in respect of theEVAs in all the PHEs, there is no reason why asimilar programme cannot and should not bedrawn up for inspecting the EVAs in respect ofprivate buildings. Whilst this Office acceptsthat most of the public roads/streets are, infact, trunk roads which do not normally requirefrequent inspection in order to maintain a freeflow of traffic, there are other small roads orside streets where obstructions are notuncommon and where free flow of traffic cannotalways be maintained due to illegal parking orother reasons. In the event of fire inbuildings nearby, fire fighting or other rescueoperations will be unduly hampered if suchroads (which in actual practice serve as EVAs)are blocked,(af) This Office appreciates that a lot ofresources will have to be devoted to a fullscale and regular EVA inspection programme inrespect of all private buildings. However, inview of the conditions in those smallroads/side streets, the FSD should at leastdraw up a programme as recommended tofacilitate relevant checks with emphasis onknown EVA black spots.- 122 -


Recommendation (5)(ag) The D of FS agrees to the recommendationfor regularly reviewing the EVA requirements inrespect of the different types of buildings.Recommendation (6)(ah) The D of FS agrees to the recommendationfor the FSD to liaise with parties concernedfor the purposes of advising and assisting themin delineating and marking the respectivedesignated EVAs. The FSD has begun conductinga series of meetings with such partiesregarding the marking of designated EVAs.Since such an operation would involve variousparties, the D of FS considers it difficult togive any time scale for implementing thisrecommendation*(ai) The D of H indicates that in currentpractice, the design and delineation of EVAs isbased on FSD's requirements during the planningstage. The EVAs in newly completed housingestates are normally constructed of colourpaving blocks. The HD will liaise with the FSDto standardise the colour and paving material.He considers the use of sizeable paint markingsnot desirable.Recommendation (7)(aj) Whilst indicating no objection to therecommendation that the PSRC should look intovarious means of resolving EVA problems inprivate streets, the D of HA considers that toresume a multi-ownership private street toprovide an EVA is likely to attractconsiderable claims for compensation,particularly if it leads to loss of access. Itis the Administration's long established policyto avoid any foreseeable compensation.(ak) The Director of Lands considers that asfunding and staff resources are always limited,the Lands D will have to place priority on- 123 -


those cases which require minimal resources.Moreover, tackling one "difficult' case will beat the expense of dozens of easier ones.(al) The D of FS supports this recommendationand undertakes to regularly monitor thesituation of those private streets which mightcause impediment to fire fighting operationsand, if necessary, to draw up contingencymeasures.(am) This Office appreciates that there areresource and financial implications relating tothe EVA problems in the private streets.However, it would be . a pity if suchconsiderations form a stumbling block toresolving such problems in the private streets.This Office still hopes that the Administrationwould continue to work out a satisfactory longterm solution to such problems. As regardswhat measures would be found mutually agreeableand acceptable to both the owners/residentsconcerned and the Government, this would be amatter for the relevant government departmentsincluding the FSD, HAD, Lands D and others tolook into carefully in consultation with theowners/residents.Recommendation (8)(an) The D of HA supports the recommendationthat the BMCCs should strengthen theircoordinating efforts on eliminating firehazards inside the target buildings. He alsoremarks that the BMCCs are already taking suchactions and will continue to do so. The D ofFS also indicates his support for thisrecommendation as well as willingness tocontribute his efforts and assist the HAD inimplementing this recommendation, if required.Recommendation (3)(ao) The D of FS supports the recommendationfor drawing up a set of clearly definedguidelines regarding the delineation of 'large'- 124 -


developments of NTEHs. He also indicates hiswillingness to cooperate with the Plan D inimplementing this recommendation.(ap) The SPEL, in his reply to this Office,acknowledges that there is room for furtherimprovement to be made to such guidelines. ThePlan D and FSD will jointly conduct a reviewand, where appropriate, revise the existingguidelines.Recommendation (10)(aq) Both the D of FS and the D of H agree toand support the recommendation for drawing up aprogramme for inspecting all the completedenhancement works to EVAs currently beingcarried out in the PHEs.Recommendation (11)(ar) The Director of Architectural Servicesdoes not indicate any objection to therecommendation for providing the buildingmanagement concerned with detailed informationshowing the locations of the EVAs. Thisrecommendation has also the support of the D ofFS.Recommendation (12)(as) Whilst supporting in principle therecommendation for carrying out a feasibilitystudy on the introduction of mandatoryrequirements for upgrading FSIs and equipment,the D of FS points out that such legislation,if introduced, would carry very serious impacton the economy of the society as a whole andcould therefore require wide publicconsultation beforehand. The D of FS indicateshis intention to consult the PELB and HAD onthe matter.(at) This Office has acknowledged thatnotwithstanding the obvious merits of the- 125 -


proposal of introducing mandatory requirementsfor upgrading FSIs and equipment, there mightbe wide economic implications in implementingit across the board. Quite rightly so, a studyis therefore recommended to be undertaken bythe Administration in order to fully ascertainthe possibility and feasibility of such aproposal, which does not necessarily require tobe in the form of legislation, before any startis made.Recommendation (13)(au) The D of FS agrees to the recommendationand undertakes to, as far as resources permit,step up checks and inspections on the FSIs andequipment installed in different types ofbuilding developments in the territory.Recommendation (14)(av) The D of FS agrees to the recommendationfor re-considering the possibility of settingup a dedicated team to carry out inspections onFSIs and equipment installed in all types ofbuildings on a systematic basis. He undertakesto discuss with the Secretary for Securityregarding the possibility of setting up such ateam.Recommendation (15)(aw) The D of H indicates no objection to therecommendation for reviewing, from to time, theexisting security arrangements for FSIs andequipment in the PHEs, This recommendation isalso supported by the D of FS.Recommendation (16)(ax) Both the D of FS and D of H agree to andsupport the recommendation for considering theextension of the scope of work of the InterdepartmentalWorking Group on Fire Safety in- 126 -


Public Housing Estates to cover HD-managedcommercial complexes and markets. If this isacceptable to the Working Group, the reviewwill likely commence in the second quarter of1996.(ay) The D of H adds that, generally speaking,HD-managed shopping centres and markets areprovided with loading and unloading areasleading from estate roads and are thereforereadily accessible to emergency vehicles.Apart from the statutory ordinances andregulations governing fire services provisionsand means of escape, there are also in-housedesign guidelines mainly incorporated in theEstate Facilities Design Guide - CommercialCentres (EFDG-CC) to specify the FSIs forshopping centres and markets. (Relevantextracts of the EFDG-CC are at Annex XXXXXIV.)All building plans and fire services drawingsof the shopping centres and markets aresubmitted to the FSD for vetting to ensure thefire services regulations are complied with.Any enhancement of the FSIs can be incorporatedinto the EFDG-CC from time to time so that allnew shopping centres and markets are builtaccording to the required standard.Nevertheless, the D of H makes the point thatthe introduction of new fire servicesregulations may have some implications on HD'sexisting old shopping centres and markets andthat there may be constraints in carrying outenhanced/upgraded FSI works to meet future newlegislative standards in these old premises.(az) As regards the concern expressed by the Dof H over the likely impact of any new fireservices regulations on HD's existing oldshopping centres and markets, this Officeconsiders that, should such difficulties arise,the HD should confer with the FSD and otherrelevant government departments with a view toovercoming such difficulties and problems.This Office maintains that whatever theproblems and constraints, it would beworthwhile to make efforts to upgrade FSI worksin old premises in order to meet future- 127 -


standards because the protection of human lifeand property is involved.Reconnnendation (17)(ba) The D of H indicates no objection to therecommendation for monitoring the adequacy offire safety measures in the THAs whilst the Dof FS supports it.Recommendation {18)(bb) The D of H agrees to the recommendationfor ensuring that the field staff of theprivate estate management companies employedunder HD's privatisation scheme should beequipped with the necessary fire safetytraining and knowledge. He undertakes toadvise his Property Management Agents toprovide their staff with the necessary firesafety training and knowledge. The FSD wouldbe requested to provide similar assistance tothem when required. HD's video tape on suchtraining will also be useful in this regard.The D of FS also supports this recommendation.Recommendation (19)(be) The D of FS considers that FSI contractorsare working on a self-regulatory concept andthat the FSD does carry out random checks ontheir performance through the checking of theworks carried out by the FSI contractors. Theself-regulatory system has been working in acost-effective manner and has proven to besatisfactory. The D of FS undertakes tomonitor the performance of the FSI contractorsmore closely if the dedicated team(Recommendation (14) above) is established tocarry out inspections on FSIs and equipment.(bd) Whilst this Office does not dispute thecost-effectiveness of the existing selfregulatorysystem governing * the FSIcontractors, the small figures of reported- 128 -


cases of misconduct of the FSI contractorstogether with the relatively lenientpunishments awarded to such contractors (seethis Office's observations in paras.6.21 (av) &(aw) ) do suggest the need for a closermonitoring of the performance of the FSIcontractors. Whilst the implementation of thisrecommendation would entail additional manpowerresources, this Office would like the FSD toseriously consider pursuing it with theAdministration because there is obviously roomfor improvement to be made to such ax selfregulatorysystem 7 .Recommendation (20)(be) The D of FS agrees to the recommendationfor reviewing the existing levels of penaltiesin respect of the offences under the FireService (Installation Contractors) Regulationswith a view to achieving adequate deterrenteffect. Since the review would require changesto existing regulations, he considers itdifficult to indicate a time scale at thisstage.Recommendation (21)(bf) The D of FS agrees to this recommendationand undertakes to clarify and, if necessary,revise the Code of Practice on Inspections andTesting of Installations and Equipment. Sinceit would require making changes to such adocument, he reckons that it may take at least12 months to implement this recommendation.Recommendation (22)(bg) The D of FS agrees to this recommendationand states that it is, in fact, a FSD's ongoingprogramme to step up publicity to arousepublic awareness on fire safety. FirePrevention Campaigns are launched each year andthe theme for this year is "Fire Safety inIndustrial Premises".-129 -


Recommendation (23)(bh) The D of FS agrees to this recommendationand states that regular meetings are being heldwith professionals of the building industry toexchange views on fire safety matters throughliaison committees such as -(i) FSD/AP Liaison Committee;(ii) FSD/Association of Registered FSIContractors Liaison Committee;(iii)FSD/Arch SD FSI Liaison Committee.Recommendation (24)(bi) The D of FS agrees to the recommendationfor liaising with parties concerned for thepurposes of stepping up fire safety publicityamongst the residents in both the public andprivate buildings. He undertakes to convenemeetings within two months' time.(bj) The D of H also states that it will be anon-going effort of the HD to promote residents'awareness of the importance of fire safety andcare of FSIs and equipment in their estates.8.2 This Office has carefully considered thecomments made by the FSD and other relevant policybranch/government departments/organisation and considersthat, except for our observations in paras. 6.21(ao)&(ap)(revised observations in paras. 8.1(g)&(i) respectivelyabove) , there is no need for any changes to be made toother observations/findings as well as our conclusion andrecommendations in Chapters 6 and 7 respectively.EPILOGUE8,3 Since the departments concerned have not raisedany disagreement to our recommendations, this Officeconsiders that all such recommendations made in thisreport (except Recommendation (4) on which the D of FSraises reservations) have been either accepted in full orin principle by them for implementation subject, ofcourse, to details being worked out by them. As some of-130 -


these recommendations entail the joint efforts of thegovernment departments, we suggest that, where necessary,they meet and work together on how best therecommendations should be put into implementation.8.4 In particular, this Office feels that theconcern expressed by the FSD over the manpower andresources constraints relating to the implementation ofsome of the recommendations is legitimate, and is worthyof close and sympathetic attention by the Administration.8.5 Human life is precious. Nobody or indeed noresponsible government likes to see that human life andproperty are unduly put at stake because of anydeficiencies in the existing procedures and monitoringmechanism designed for their protection. Therefore, theAdministration should seek every possible opportunity andmeans to attain as perfect as possible a fire fightingand protection mechanism in the territory.8.6 This investigation has focused particularly onrelevant issues relating to the EVAs and FSIs in the PHEsand other private residential building developments. Itremains the responsibility of the Administration to keepevery aspect of the relevant procedures and mechanismunder constant review to ensure that they work properlyfor their intended purposes.8.7 Lastly, this Office would like to be keptinformed by the Administration in due course on theimplementation of the 24 recommendations and any changesin the relevant policies, procedures and guidelinescovered by this investigation.ENDOffice of the Commissioner for Administrative ComplaintsRef: CAC/WP/14/1 s.f. 8 IIIJuly 1996- 131 -


LEGEND OF ABBREVIATIONSAPArch SDBABDBMCCBMCTBOBOOB(P)RB(PSAR)RCofCCofECOMACCPPDofBDofFSDofHDofHAD of PlanDPAECEFDG-CCEVAsFHANsFOCFPBFPROsFSDFSIsFSOHAHADHDHEsHKHSHOSIBMCCLands DLegCoAuthorised PersonArchitectural Services DepartmentBuilding AuthorityBuildings DepartmentBuilding Management Coordination CommitteeBuilding Management Coordination TeamBuildings OrdinanceBuildings Ordinance OfficeBuilding (Planning) RegulationsBuilding (Private Streets and Access Roads) RegulationsCertificate of ComplianceCertificate of ExemptionCommissioner for Administrative ComplaintsCentralized Plan ProcessingDirector of BuildingsDirector of Fire ServicesDirector of HousingDirector of Home AffairsDirector of PlanningDevelopment Permission AreaEngineering ConditionsEstate Facilities Design Guide-Commercial CentresEmergency Vehicular AccessesFire Hazard Abatement NoticesFire Offices' CommitteeFire Prevention BureauFire Protection Regional OfficesFire Services DepartmentFire Service InstallationsFire Services OrdinanceHousing AuthorityHome Affairs DepartmentHousing DepartmentHose reelsHong Kong Housing SocietyHome Ownership SchemeIndustrial Building Management Coordination CommitteeLands DepartmentLegislative Council- 1 -


NPNTEHsOZPRAEPELSPEsPHEsPlan DPSPSPSRCSPELTBsTHATPBTPOUSDWGNew ProjectsNew Territories Exemption HousesOutline Zoning PlanResource Allocation ExercisePlanning, Environment and Lands BranchPortable fire extinguishersPublic Housing EstatesPlanning DepartmentPrivate Sector Participating SchemePrivate Street Resumption CommitteeSecretary for Planning, Environment and LandsTarget BuildingsTemporary Housing AreaTown Planning BoardTown Planning OrdinanceUrban Services DepartmentInter-departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in PublicHousing Estates- 2 -


• NOTESNote 1 :Note 2 :Under Section 2 of the Buildings Ordinance Cap.123, Building Authority means the Director ofBuildings (Para.3.13)Under Section 2 of the Town Planning OrdinanceCap. 131, ^development permission area" meansan area so designated in a plan prepared undersections 3(1) (b) and 20 but does not includeland included in a plan of an interimdevelopment permission area. (Para.3.34)Note 3 : The "Hong Kong Planning Standards andGuidelines" is mainly concerned with policyguidelines, provision standards, locationfactors and site requirements. Its principalapplication is by town planners in thepreparation of land use plans. This documentis subject to revision. (Para. 4.5 (a))Note 4 : EVA should normally be provided directly infront of one major face of the building.However, in respect of those redevelopmentprojects without a change in the leaseconditions where such a provision cannot bemade due to topographical constraints, it wouldbe acceptable to the FSD if an EVA is providedat a location within an unimpeded distance of3 0 m from the building where an FS inlet isinstalled. (Paras. 4.6(b)&(c))Note 5 : The three groups of study areas are -Group I : For Study Area Nos. 3 (College ViewArea) , 5 (Wa Lane Area) and 11(Chancery Lane Area) where all siteshave acceptable means of access andredevelopment to their maximumpotential would not impose adverseimpact on the local road network andinfrastructure, the maximum level ofdevelopment under the BuildingsOrdinance is acceptable;Group II :For Study Area Nos- 2 (St. Stephen'sLane Area) , 4 (Tai On Terrace Area) ,- 1 -


8 (Shin Hing Street Area), and 10(TunWo Lane Area) where the majority ofsites have acceptable means of accessand redevelopment to their maximumpotential may impose some relativelyinsignificant adverse effect on localroad network and infrastructure, themaximum level of development underthe Buildings Ordinance is tolerable,and detailed development control ofthese sites should be subject tocomprehensive planning studies forthe respective districts; andGroup III:For Study Area Nos* 1 (Sands StreetArea), 6 (U Lam Terrace Area), 7 (WanIn Fong & Wing Lee Street Area) , 9(Prince's Terrace Area) and 12 (SauWa Fong Area) where the majority ofsites have inadequate means of accessand redevelopment to their maximumpotential would impose relativelysubstantial adverse impact on localroad network and infrastructure, theexisting level of development shouldbe maintained. Redevelopment shouldtherefore be restricted to a maximumbuilding height of 7 storeys, or theexisting height, whichever is thegreater. (Para. 4.25 (b))Note 6 : The Development Progress Committee was formedunder PELB. It has been retitled as theCommittee on Planning and Land Development witheffect from July 1995. Its terms of referenceare, inter alia, to monitor the formulation andreview of development strategies, including theidentification and assessment of options and toconsider the adequacy of development plans andprogrammes. (Para. 4.2.5).Note 7 : A Fire Services Inspecting Officer is anauthorised officer of the FSI Division of theFPB, i.e. either a Fire Officer or a BuildingServices Inspector. (Para. 5.6 (a))- 2 -


Note 8 : Under Regulation 9 of the Fire Service(Installation Contractors) Regulations, theDisciplinary Board (which is appointed by theGovernor) shall consist of -(a) a member of the committee of the FireInsurance Association of Hong Kongnominated by that Association;(b) a public officer nominated by the BuildingAuthority;(c) a public officer nominated by the WaterAuthority;(d) a registered contractor nominated by the Dof FS;(e) the D of FS or his representative; and(f) a legal adviser appointed by the D of FS.The penalties of the various offences andprocedures relating to the conduct of theDisciplinary Board are provided for in the FireService (Installation Contractors) Regulations.(Paras. 5.31 and 6.21(aw))- 3 -


ANNEXES


Annex IA brief account of the Fireat Yue Wan Estateon 11 July 1995The fireIn the afternoon of 11 July 1995, an arsonattack occurred in Flat 515 of Yue Shun House, Yue WanEstate, Chai Wan. This attack, which led to a No. 3 firealarm fire, had caused three deaths and injured eightpersons. The incident attracted wide media coverage andallegations of delay in fire fighting due to coverage ofthe Emergency Vehicular Accesses (EVAs) and defectivefire fighting equipment in the Estate.2. At a joint press conference on 13 July 1995,Fire Services Department (FSD) and Housing Department(HD) clarified the location of the three EVAs in Yue WanEstate and that there was no delay in putting out thefire. However, there were accusations of a u cover-up" insome media coverage of the press conference, leading tocalls on the Government for an independent inquiry intothe incident.Report on the fire3. On 15 July 1995, the Secretary for Housingcalled for a full report from the Director of FireServices and the Director of Housing to establish exactlywhat happened, and in the light of that, consider whatlessons can be learnt. The published report covered thetwo specific areas of concern which had been raised,namely, the adequacy of EVA to Yue Wan Estate and thecondition of fire safety equipment there.Conclusions and recommendations of the report4. The findings of the report had revealed thatthe FSD and HD had acted in good faith throughout theincident but the way in which information wasdisseminated had created misunderstanding and that therewas scope for improvements to fire precaution measuresand the maintenance of fire service installations inpublic housing estates and better co-ordination betweenthe two departments.


5. The report had also made severalrecommendations for, inter alia, improving fireprecaution measures and maintaining fire serviceinstallations in public housing estates. Theserecommendations had later been accepted by the Governmentfor implementat ion.


Organization Chart of Fire Services DepartmentAnnex IIDirectorDeputy Director1Operational CommandsFire Protac ion BureauAmbulance CommandHeadquarters CommandAdministrationI Hong'Kong I| Kowloon |New TerritoriesI DivisionalChief Fire Officer| Deputy Chief Fire Officer |Comdr.(4)Dep. DivI'Stern Division-JWeStaff OfficerAdministrationGroupDivisionalComdr.(4)Dep Div.Comdr (4)Chief Fire OfficerDeputy Chief Fire Officer-[Westeirn DivisionI Staff 1Officer jAdministrationGroupChief Fire OfficerLI| Deputy Chief Fire Officer |DivisionalComdr(4)Dep DivCorndr.i'4»I•{We;stern DivisionStaff OfficerLAdministrationGroupChief Fire Officer| Deputy Chief Fire Officer J{Headquarters Division[Staff OfficerAdministrationGroupjChief Amb. Officer I Chief Fire Officer I[3ACAO(Ops) |ACAQ -L (Admj1 Supt.l(Traininq)[2 SAO•J(H) East Division |l(Traimng)4 AO(Trainmg)Marnsicn Hill AmbDep-L.JI Supt. (Staff)!I SAO (Staff) || Deputy Chief Fire Officer IIAirport FireContingent| Training School |Mobilising &^C ommun ication1 DepartmentalSecretaryJLDep. DepartmentalSecretary


ANNEX inOrganisational Chart of Planning GroupSDO(PG)DO(PG)1DO(PG)2ADO(PG)1 AD0(PG)2 AD0(PG)3 AD0(PG)4SSO(PG)1 SSO(PG)2 SSO(PG)3 SSO(PG)4DraughtsmanNotes :SDO(PG)DO(PG)ADO(PG)SSO(PG)Senior Divisional Officer (Planning Group)Divisional Officer (Planning Group)Assistant Divisional Officer (Planning Group)Senior Station Officer (Planning Group)


ANNEX IVEstablishment and Strength of the FPB(As at 1.6.1996^RankCFODCFOSDODOADOSStnOSFnFnEOISCOCO IconCAOAPS IPS IIS. TypistTypistSSIIWkllSEBSE/EMEPTOSBSIBSIABSIElCTOMotor DriverEstablishment1164118641151182021711112240312146112Strength11761110245121172021711112241312146112


Notes:CFODCFOSStnOFnEOISCOCOIconCAOAPSIpsnssnwknSDODOADOBSEBSIABSIChief Fire OfficerDeputy Chief Fire OfficerSenior Station OfficerFiremanExecutive Officer ISenior ClerkClerical Officer IClerical Officer HClerical OfficerOfficer AssistantPersonal Secretary IPersonal Secretary IISuppEes Assistant IIWorkman IISenior Divisional OfficerDivisional OfficerAssistant Divisional OfficerBuilding Services EngineerBuilding Services InspectorAssistant Building Services Inspector


AnnexVia)Areas of ResponsibilitiesFire Protection Bureau Headquarters Division(A)HeadquartersLegislationThe Dangerous' Goods Ordinance and Regulations•Responsibilities1. Authorization/licensing of vehicles for conveyance of dangerous goodsunder Dangerous Goods Ordinance & Regulations.2. Classification of Dangerous Goods. . *3. Assistance to CFOCP) in matters relating to the Dangeorus GoodsStanding Committee, amendments to the Dangerous Goods Ordinance andRegulations and policy/procedural instructions.4. Preparation of Fire Prevention Standards and notices for generalinformation and issue to the trade in respect of safety in storageand handling of Dangerous Goods.5. Coordinate of F.S. action on recommendations by the Government GasSafety Consultancy on Town Gas and L.P. Gas.6. Liaison with the Information Services Department and coordination ofF.S- action in Fire Prevention Campaign activities.7. Liaison with the Legal Department for advice on interpretation,application and enforcement of ordinances and regulations where thisDepartment is the authority or has specified powers.8- Arrangement of a programme of "during performance inspections" incinemas and theatres.9. Advice and comment on places of public assembly such as chapels orchurches, club halls and public meetings, provision shops, hotels andboarding houses, etc.-10. Advice and comment on the erection of illuminated signs.


fg\Investigation and Research DivisionResponsibilities1. Fire Investigation(i)(ii)Constant review of the departmental procedures for ascertainingthe probable causes of fires.Investigation of fires of an unusual, nature; fires thatgenerate considerable public concern and ass instructed.(iii) Perusal of fire reports, and collation and compilation of datatherefrom as required.2« Research(i)(ii)Examination and study of researches carried out by local andoverseas organizations regarding fire protection.Testing and evaluation of local fire-fighting and fireprotection products.(iii) Close liaison with the Government Chemist, other Governmentdepartments, Hong Kong University and private agenciesregarding Fire Services studies tests, etc.(iv)3. GeneralAssessing the workload, nature and degree of specialisedassistance to other Government departments and private .agencies.(i)Formulation of fire protection and prevention legislation whereapplicable.(ii)Preparation of submissions on details/recommendations inrespect of staffing of Investigation/Research Sub-division andacquisition of equipment.(iii) Approval of portable fire service equipment and maintenance ofa list of equipment so approved;(iv)Prohibition on sale of certain portable equipment..


(C)Hospital, Training and Publicity SectionResponsibilities• 1.Review and formulation of standard fire protection requirements andprocedures in hospitals.2. Surveys and regular inspections of individual hospitals and advice onthe hospital authorities relating to fire safety.3. Organization of training courses.(including lectures, demonstrationsand fire drills) on fire prevention measures, evacuation techniques •and use of fire fighting equipment for hospital staff.4. Advice on fire safety aspects of proposed structural alterationswithin hospitals and examination of plans for such alterations.5. Organization of exhibitions and film shows.6. Lectures on fire prevention to the public and Government staff.7. Responsible for any matters concerning publicity in connection withfire prevention.8. Examination of plans for new hospitals in consultation with subjectofficers of the N*ev Projects Division.


V(b)Areas of ResponsibilitiesNew Projects DivisionLegislationThe Building Ordinance - Part II, Sec. 16(1) (b)(i) & (ii) and Sec. 21(6} (d).Responsibilities1. Administration of the Building Ordinance - Part II, Sec- 16(1)(b)(i) &(ii) and Sec. 21(6)(d) which involves :(i)(ii)Formation of Fire Services requirements and recommendations inrespect of all new buildings and all alterations to existingbuildings.Certification of architects' plans and issue of statutorycertificate (FS 161) following satisfactory incorporation ofrequirements into plans.(iii) Certification of Fire Service Installations layout plans submittedby Fire Engineering Contractors.2. Consultative service with architects and engineers regarding buildingmaterials, fire equipment., fire resistant and retardant properties ofmaterials.3. Administration of the Code of Practice for Minimum Fire ServiceInstallations.4. Administration of the Fire Services Departmental Policy in respect of allitems enumerated.5. Liaison with other Government departments particularly the Buildings andLands Department in connection with the enforcement of the BuildingOrdinance.6. Knowledge of day-to-day use of related legislation administered by otherDivisions of the Bureau and Government departments/ includingCode of Practice (Means of Escape);Building Ordinance and Regulations;Places of Public Entertainment Regulations;Education Ordinance and Regulations;Factories and Industrial Undertakings Regulations;Dangerous Goods Ordinance and Regulations; andBuilding (Ventilation Systems) Regulations.


7. Liaison with Authorised Persons.8. Liaison with the Lifts and Escalators Association.9. Liaison with the Hong Kong Insurance Association. %10. Examination and study of any and all matters concerning the involvementof Fire Services with the Mass Transit Railway Corporation (MTRCL11. Liaison with MTRC and its officers and/or agents in respect of anymattex, project, structure or works pertinent to the duties andresponsibilities of the Fire Services Department.12. Liaison with Operational Commands in connection with any MTRC works areaswithin the respective Commands.Note :Details of responsibilities mentioned in Items 10 to 12 are asfollows -(i)(ii)Formulation of Fire Services requirements and recommendations inrespect of all MTRC buildings and works sites.Certification of architects plans and issue of statutorycertificate (FS 161) following satisfactory incorporation ;ofrequirements into plans in respect of MTRC buildings andstructures.(iii) Certification of Fire Service Installations layout planssubmitted by Fire Engineering Contractors in respect of MTRCbuildings and structures,(iv)(v)(vi)Consultative service with architects and engineers regardingbuilding materials, fire equipment, fire resistant and retardantproperties of materials in respect of MTRC buildings and .structures.Administration of the Code of Practice for Minimum Fire ServiceInstallations in respect of MTRC buildings and structures.Administration of the Fire Services Departmental Policy inrespect of all items enumerated in connection with MTRCprojects.(vii) Liaison with other Government departments in respect of MassTransit Studies, Buildings Office (Mass Transit Sec-), HighwaysDepartment and RHKP Traffic Office. '


Annex V{c)Areas of ResponibilitiesNew Airport-Core Projects DivisionLegislationThe Buildings Ordinance Cap 123 - Part II, Section 16(1) (b)(i) & (ii) andSection 2Mb) (d) .Responsibilities1. To administer the Buidings Ordinance, Section 16(1)(b) and Section21(6)(d) which involve :-(i)Formulation of Fire Services requirements and recommendations inrespect of ACP projects;(ii) Certification of architects 1 plans and issue of certificate (FS161) following satisfactory incorporation of requirements intoplans;(iii) Certification of fire service installations layout planssubmitted by fire service contractors; and(iv)Certification of completed fire service installations and issueof certificate {FS 172) following satisfactory inspection andtesting.2. To advise architects and engineers regarding building materials, fireequipment, fire resistant and retardant properties of materials.3. To ensure that the Codes of Practice for Minimum Fire ServiceInstallations and Equipment and Inspection and Testing of , ..Installations and Equipment are complied with.4. To implement and administer departmental policy on fire protectionplanning.•5. To carry out progress inspections and acceptance tests to completedfire service installations in new buildings of ACP projects.6. To be responsible for the fire precautions in Government buildings andquarters, including the supply, installation, testing and maintenanceof portable fire-fighting equipment.


7. To oversee all engineering aspects of smoke control systems includingpressurization of staircases, smoke extraction system and vertilation/air-conditioning control system.• •8. To be a member of the Liaison Groups with Hong Kong Institution ofArchitects, Association of Registered FSI Contractors, ArchitecturalServices Department and Working Group of Fire Service InstallationsInspection Procedures.9. To keep abreast of knowledge for day-to-day use of related legislationsadministered by other Divisions of the Bureau and Government Departments,including :-(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)(vii)Code of Practice on Provision of Means of Escape in case of F4reand Allied Requirements;Buildings Orinance and other subsidiary regulations;Code of Practice for Fire Resisting Construction;Code of Practice on Provision of Means of Access for Firefightingand Rescue Purposes;Places of Public Entertainment Regulations;Education Ordinance and Other subsidiary regulations;Factories and Industrial Undertakings Regulations;(viii) Dangerous Goods Ordinance and Regulations; and(ix)Building (Ventilating Systems) Regulations,10. To co-ordinate and liaise with the Mass Transit Railway Corporationincluding its consultants and other Government-.departments concerned withthe Lantau & Airport. Railway projects on all matters pertinent to theduties and responsibilities of the Fire Services Department.11. To attend regular or ad hoc formal committee meetings as the Fire Servicesrepresentative.12. To liaise with Operational Commands in connection with any LAR works areaswithin the respective Commands.


Note : Details of responsibilities mentioned in Item 9 to 11 are asfollows :(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)(vii)To formulate Fire Services requirements and recommendations inrespect of ail LAR buildings and works 1 sites.To certify building plans following satisfactory incorporationof requirements into plans in respect of LAR buildings andstructures.To certify of Fire Service Installations layout plan submittedby Fire Engineering Contractors in respect of LAR buildingsand structures.To advise architects and engineers regarding buildingmaterials, fire equipment, fire resistant and retardantproperties of materials in respect of LAR buildings andstructures.To ensure that the Code of Practice for Minimum Fire ServiceInstallations are complied with in respect of LAR buildingsand structures.To implement and administer department policy on fireprotection planning in connection with LAR projects.To liaise with other Government departments in respect of MassTransit Studies, Buildings Department, Highways Department andRHKPF Traffic Office.


ANNEX V(d)Areas of ResponsibilitiesFire Service Installations DivisionLegislation1. The Buildings Ordinance, Cap. 123 - Section 21(6)(d).2. The Fire Service (Installations and Equipment) Regulations.3. The Fire Service (Installation Contractors) Regulations.Responsibilities1. To administer the Buildings Ordinance, Section 21(6)(d) which includes;-a. carrying out acceptance inspections and tests to fire service installations andequipment in new buildings; andb. issue of Fire Service Certificates (FS 172) following satisfactory inspections andtestings of fire service installations and equipment.2. To administer Fire Service (Installation Contractors) Regulations and Fire Service(Installations and Equipment) Regulations.3. To ensure that the requirements in the Code of Practices for Minimum Fire ServiceInstallations and Equipment and Inspection and Testing of Installations and Equipmentare complied with.4. To prescribe the Code of Practice for Inspection and Testing of Installations andEquipment.5. To carry out complaint inspections on defective fire service installations and equipment.6. To be responsible for fire hazard abatement actions in connection with defective fireservice installations and equipment.7. To be a member of various Liaison Groups with Hong Kong Institution of Architects,Association of Registered FSI Contractors, Architectural Services Department and MassTransit Railway Corporation.8. To lead a Working Group for FSI Inspection Procedures.9. To advise Authorised Persons, architects, consultant engineers and other GovernmentDepartments regarding design and installation details of fire service installations andequipment.10. To keep abreast of knowledge on the design and installation of fire service installationsand equipment.


AnnexAreas of ResponsibilitiesVentilation DivisionLegislation1. The Building (Ventilating System) Regulations.2. The Public Health & Urban Services Ordinance.3. The Places of Public Entertainment Ordinance.Responsibilities1. Administration on behalf of CFO(P) of the Building (VentilatingSystems) Regulations which involve :(i) Formulation of requirements in respect of ventilating systemsthat embody the use of ducting or trunking passing through anywall, floor or ceiling of the buildings in which the ventilatingsystems are installed from one compartment of such building toanother.(ii) Examination of certificates issued by registered ventilationcontractors.2. Advice on,fire safety standards in all ventilating systems installedin accordance with :(i) The Public Health and Urban Services Ordinance,(ii) The Places of Public Entertainment Ordinance.3. Vetting and inspection of plans and layout of ventilating systems.,4. Preparation of technical memoranda on fire safety associated with suchsystems.5. Consultant service and liaison with air-conditioning association.6- Fire investigation requiring the specialist knowledge.7. Supervision of the in-service training of selected F.S. personnel forduties in respect of enforcement of the above legislation-


Annex VIEstablishment and Strength ofFire Protection Regional Officesas on 27.10.1995Fire Protection Bureau -Hona gong Regional OfficeSankPurposeEstablishment(taking intoaccount redeployments)StrengthRemarksSDOOi/c, FPB Hong Kong RegionalOffice11ADO2nd Oi/c, FPB Hong Kong"Regional Office22StnO/SStnOInspection duties1613SFnProgress Verifiers1010Clerical Officer IClerk-in-charge11Clerical Officer IIClerical duties22Clerical AssistantClerical duties22TypistNormal duties2. 2Office Assistant*fessengerial and menialservices11Notes :-SDOADOStnOSStnOSFnSenior Divisional OfficerAssistant Divisional OfficerStation OfficerSenior Station OfficerSenior Fireman .


Fire Protection Bureau -Kgvlpon RegionalRankPurposeEstablishment(taking intoaccount redeployments)StrengthRemarksSDOOi/c, FPB Kovlooji RegionalOffice11ADO2nd Oi/c, FPB KovloonRegional Office33StnO/SStnOInspection duties2423SFnProgress Verifiers1313Clerical Officer IClerk-in-charge11Clerical Officer IIClerical duties33Clerical AssistantTIT is tClerical dutiesNormal duties4343Workman IICleaning and menial duties11


Fire Protection Bureau -Uev Territories RegionalOfficeSankPurposeEstablishment(taking intoaccount redeployments}StrengthRemarksSDOOi/c, FPB tfev TerritoriesRegional Office11ADO2nd Qi/c, FPB New TerritoriesRegional Office11StnO/SStnOInspection duties89SFnProgress Verifiers55Clerical Officer IClerk-in-charge' 11Clerical Officer IIClerical duties11Clerical AssistantClerical duties11TypistNormal duties11Office AssistantMessengerial and menialduties11)


Fire Protection Bureau .-Nev Territories (South)Office,RankPurposeEstabiishjnent(taking intoaccount redeployments)StrengthRemarksADOOi/c, FPB New Territories(South) Sui-regional OfficeStnO/SStnOInspection duties87SFnProgress Verifiers55Clerical Officer IIClerical duties11Clerical AssistantClerical duties11TypistNormal duties11Workman IICleaning and menial duties11


Annex VIIAreas of ResponibilitiesFire Protection Regional OfficesResponsibilities1. Administration of the Dangerous Goods Ordinance and Regulations,Miscellaneous Licences Ordinance - Sections 4, 5(1) and MiscellaneousLicences Regulations - Regulations 7(1}(d) & (f), 82, 83 which involves :(i)The Licensing of Dangerous Goods (Manufacture and storages) otherthan Category 1 Dangerous Goods (D»G,s) within Hong Kong.(ii)Formulation of Fire Protection requirements for the safety andprotection of such manufacture and storage.(iii) Formulation of Fire Services Safety requirements in respect ofboiler installations and inspection thereof.(iv)(v)(vi)Fire Prevention surveys of industrial undertakings or governmentestablishments in which dangerous goods processes take place orD.G.s are stored.Inspection and licensing of timber stores.Prosecution of persons contravening the Dangerous Goods Ordinanceand Regulations with the exception of Category 1 D.G.s.2. Administration of the Fire Services Ordinance - Section 9 and SuxosaryOffences Ordinance (part) which involves :(i)(ii)Handling of all complaints in connection with fire hazards aredefined by Sections 2(c) # (d), (e) and (f) of the Fire ServicesOrdinance.Serving of legal notices.(iii) Physical abatement of fire hazards which constitute an immediate andsubstantial danger of fire in any premises.(iv)(v)(vi)Prosecution of persons contravening to Section 9 of the FireServices Ordinance*Investigation and prosecution for non compliance with Fire Servicesrequirements imposed in accordance with this Department'sresponsibilities in other Ordinances and Regulations.Prosecutions under the Summary Offences Ordinance in respect ofthose matters which could constitute a Fire Hazard outside premiseswhere there is no other covering legislation.


3. Administration of the Education Ordinance - Sections 12(1)(c), 12(2),21(1) & (2), 98(1) and Education Regulation - Regulations 7, 8, 17(1) (d),34(1) & (2), 35(1) k (2), 36 & 37 which involves :(i)(ii)Issue, refusal or cancellation of certificates in respect of schoolsin premises not designed and constructed for the purpose of openinga school.Inspection of any school premises and any building in vhich anyschool is situated or any part thereof (and any building in theneighbourhood from vhich a risk of fire to the school may arise);(iii) Liaison vith the Education Department regarding :(iv)(a) Registration of schools in general;(b) Change of use in buildings in vhich a school is operated;(c) Height of schools;


5, Administration of the Child Care Centres Ordinance 1975 and Child CareCentres Regulations 1976 Part IV which involves :(i)Advice to the Director of Social Welfare on the suitability ofparticular premises for registration as child care centres*(ii)Formulation of Fire Services requirements in respect of the issue ofFire Services Certificates for registration of child care centres.(iii) Advice to the Director of Social Welfare on the fire precautions inchild care centres-6. Advice to the Secretaries of the Urban Council and Regional Council on.licensing of food premises, places of public entertainment (permanent &temporary), public billiard saloons, public skating rinJcs and publicbowling alleys, and formulation of Fire Services requirements regardingthe issue of Fire Service Certificates in respect of the above premises-7. Advice to the Commissioner for Television and Entertainment Liaising onlicensing of dancing establishments and formulation of Fire Servicesrequirements pertaining to the issue of Fire Service Certificates inrespect of the aJ>ove premises.8. Arrangment for a programme of "during performance inspections" in cinemasand theatres,9. Advice on fire protection in places of public assembly such as chapels orchurches, club halls and public meetings, provision shops, hotels andboarding houses, etc,10. Advice on the erection of illuminated signs.


Annex vmGROUP AND THE REGIONAL COMMANDS ON THE PLANNING, CONTROL ANB MONITORING OF EVAs AND FSIsCOMMANDHEADQUARTERS COMMANDFIRE PROTECTION BUREAUOPERATIONAL COMMANDSDIVISIONNTSUBJECTPLANNING GROUPNEW PROJECTS DIVISIONF.S. INSTALLATIONSDIVISIONOPERATIONAL DIVISIONSEVA (1) Responsible for formulatingrequirements of EVA for developments invirgin areas and liaising with LandsDepartment for inclusion of suchrequirements as lease conditionsbefore landsare leased/granted*(1) Responsible for formulatingrequirements of EVA forredevelopment areas when generalbuilding plans are submitted toFSD throagh BuildingsDepartmentResponsible for inspectingthe EVA before theoccupation of thedevelopmentPeriodical inspection of theEVA during familiarizationvisits. EVAs in all PublicHousing Estates will beinspected at least once every twomonths.(2) Responsible for processing/approvingdetailed layout of EVA for virgin landdevelopment(2) Responsible for providing acopy of the EVA plan torespective fire stations after theacceptance of the EVA by FSIDivision.FSI Responsible for formulating generalrequirements on the provision of FSIs andwater supplies for fire fighting and liaisingwith Lands Department for inclusion ofsuch requirements as lease conditionsResponsible forprocessing/approving generalbuilding plans submitted to FSDthrough Buildings Department Ifall the F.S. requirements inaccordance with the Code ofPractice on Minimum FSI andEquipment have beenincorporated on plans, a F.S-Certificate (F.S.161) will be issuedin accordance with Section16(l)(b) of the BuildingsOrdinance.(1) Responsible forphysical inspection of theFS Is before theoccupation of thedevelopment. Ifsatisfactory, a F.S.Certificate (F.S.172) willbe issued in accordancewith -Section 21(6)(d) ofthe Buildings Ordinance.(2) Handling complaintson FSIs in existingbuildings.(3) Carrying out randomchecks on annualmaintenance worksreported by FSIContractors whenresources allow.(1) Periodical visual inspectionof the FSI during routinefamiliarization visits*(2) Reporting any defectsnoticed during visits or incidentsto FSI Division by standardform F.S231.


Annex IX{a)ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- EXTERNAL WORKS BTG-EW-1JX.ISSUE 1DESIGN GUIDE*ACCESS AND VEHICULAR MOVEMENT18 APRIL 199 5 WITHIN HOUSING DEPARTMENT ESTATEPURPOSEThis guide is to set out the design guidelines for access andvehicular rroveinent within Housing Department Estate Roads,2. This guide is MANDATORY for all staff involved in the design ofhousing estates.3. FefAHiack from tenants and Estate ManageiDent Branch (EMB) indicatedthat there was no provision of turning area en some estate readswhen vehicles legitimately entered the Estates. It causedunnecessary hardship ' and inconvenience both to the general pub I i*Cand the visiting tradesinen.4. Design guidelines were established with due regard for effectivevehicular movertvant with workable txirning areas provided atcul-de-sac situations.5. Information contained in this guide was previously issued underDSI no. 3/90 which is now superseded.6. The contents of this guide have been reviewed in consultation withSHM/D&V, SLA/3, SMS/GD, CCE and agreed with TD, USD and RSD.7. The Principles ' of Design Standards for Access and VehicularfrSovement within Housing Department Estate Roads are given underAppendix I.8* The Details of Standard Turning Circle Provisions for Access andVehicular lavement within Housing Department Estate Roads are laidout in APPENDIX II.9. Cross reference should bfi made to the Guidelines for RefuseCollection in Pjblic Housing Estates under the BOG-CF on RoadAccess Requirements for Refuse Collection Vehicle (RCV).Page 1 of 2


ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- EXTERNAL WORKS BTG-EW-114ISSUE 1DESIGN GUIDES18 APRIL 1995 APPENDIX IB. Design Vehicle DimensionsGiven the wide variation of diinensions for goods vehicles thatcould occur, the design standards are based on the design vehiclesgiven in Table 2 below :Table 2Design Vehicle DimensionsDinensians (in metres)1. Body width (w)2. Effective wheelbase of rigidconponent (Al)3. Kingpin offset (A2)4. Effective wheelbase of tracer (A3)5. Front overhang of rigidcomponent (TP)ArticulatedVehicle2.53.20.59.01.3RigidVehicle2.56.2-1.36. Rear overhang of rigid l.o 2*5conponent (IB)7. Front overhang of trailer (VF) 0.7 -8. Rear overhang of trailer (VB) 2,5 -9. Overall length 15.5 io # o10. Turning circle diameter between kerbs 13.5* 24.011. Turning circle diameter between walls 14.9* 25*4* Turning circle of the drawing vehicle only.Page 2 of 2


ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- EXTERNAL WORKS BTG-EW-114ISSUE 118 APRIL 1995DESIGN GUIDESAPPENDIX IKOKEXHES CF EESESJ S32£~2SBDS RE MXSSSVEHTOILftR KDVQENT WXTETH B3EKING DEPARTMENT ESTATE BCftDS^?n DfegsTsxcsis of Goods VesiclesThe Road Traffic (instruction and Maintenance of Vehicles)Regulations stipulate the maximim permitted overall din*ensions ofvehicles, and those concerning goods vehicles are shewn in Table 1:Table 1Maxiirium Dimensions of GocdsVehiclesTypes ofGoods VehiclesOverallLength (xn)OverallWidth (in)OverallHeight (m)1.Light Goods Vehicle10-02.53.52.Medium Goods Vehicle11.02.54.63.Heavy Goods Vehicle- Rigid- Articulated11.016.02-5* 2.54-64,6Paqe 1 of 2


ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- EXTERNAL WORKS BT^-EW-114ISSUE 118 APRIL 1995DESIGN GUIDESACCESS AND VEHICULAR MOVEMENTWITHIN HOUSING DEPARTMENT ESTATE ROADS10. Contract Managers and project team members are to follow the aboveguidelines in the planning and design of estate roads.11. Any feedback concerning the content of this guide should bedirected toKPPESSXLCSS12. Appendix I :13* Appendix II :Principles of Design Standards for Access andVehicular Movement within Housing Department EstateRoadsDetails of Standard Turning Provision for Accessand Vehicular Mbvement within Housing DepartmentEstate RoadsPage 2 of 2


ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- EXTERNAL WORKS BTG-EW-114ISSUE 118 APRIL 1995DESIGN GUIDESAPPENDIX IIVEBICOIARTCKMIKG HO7ISKHS PCR MX1FS&WITHIN H32SHTG DEPARIMEHT ESTATE EQ&DSA. StandardTne minimum width cf an access road is 6m. Mjustment can be madeto the length of the hammer head to meet the requirements of theturning areas if wider carriageway is requir&dLNote : The minimim radius for the hainraerhead turn is 9m.However, if there are,, frequent heavy goods vehiclesexpected, the radius should be increased to llm*i) Reverse Side Turn (where lce.ding/unloading activitiesare provided).•Soi ACCESS ROAD MINIMUMEXTRA CLEARANCE FORSTEPS AND ACCESS TOLOADING DOCKiiPage 1 of 5


ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGff GUIDE- EXTERNAL WORKS BTG-EW-114ISSUE 118 APRIL 1995DESIGN GUIDESAPPENDIX IIii)Forward Side Turn•6m ACCESS ROAD MINIMUM4.5(MINIMUM)6m (MAXIMUM)(MINIMUM)I In (DESIRABLE)iii) Reverse Side Turn6.?. ACCESS ROAD MINIMUMPage 2 of- 5


ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- EXTERNAL WORKS BTG-EW-114ISSUE 118 ApRIL 1995DESIGN GUIDESAPPENDIX IIiv)x T fTurn17.5m• 6m ACCE5S ROAD MINIMUMv)x Y rTarn6m- ACCESS ROAD MINIMUMPage 3 of 5


ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- EXTERNAL WOPKS BTQ-EW-114ISSUE 118 APRIL 1995DESIGN GUIDESAPPENDIX II2- Roundabout Type• 6


EoTATE FACILITIES DESIGN 1UIDE- EXTERNAL WORKS BTG-EW-114ISSUE 1DESIGN GUIDES18 APRIL 19 95 • APPENDIX IIB. Road Access Requirements fear Refuse Collectiaa Vefilcles*1.x Lay By' - Through Road*2. *Turning Circle' for RCV*3.% Cul~Del-Sac / Hammer Head* Reference should be made to the Guidelines for RefuseCollection in Public Housing Estates given under the CommonFacilities Design ^aide (BIG-CF) on% Road Accessfor RCV', Figure 3 of Appendix 4-Page 5 of 5


Annex IX(b)ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- EXTERNAL WORKS BTG-EW-115ISSUE 1DESIGN GUIDESKltfUIUH CARRIAGEWAY WIDTH FOR ROADS18 APRIL'19 95 IN PUBLIC HOUSING ESTATES1. This guide informs project teams of the current standard adoptedfor minimum carriageway width of roads in public housing estates.2. This guide is MMffiATORY for all staff involved in the planning anddesign of housing estates.3- There have been queries raised concerning the width of estataroad, service access and emergency access to be adopted. Therelevant infcnnation was endorsed by the CBMB at the meeting of 171993.4. Infonration contained in this guide was previously issued underETC no. 22/93 which is now superseded.5. The contents of this guide have been reviewed in consultation andagreed with SHM/D&V, SEA/3/ SMS/GD, CCF and CPO.6. The Civil Engineering Section has defined and categorized types ofroads in PHEs and ascribed minimum width to each type respectivelyin their Boa/is Manual.7. Restricted roads within Housing Authority's vesting order arecategorized as follows :• Major access road• Service road*Emergency access*(* provided that any length of these access roads is included inthe designation' of Restricted Roads under Housing OooiiranceSection 25A).Page 1 bi


ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- EXTERNAL KOJZKS BTG-EW-115ISSUE 1DESIGNMINIMUM CARRIAGEWAY WIDTH FOR ROADS.18 APRIL 19 9 5 IN PUBLIC HOUSING ESTATES8. Major access roads should not be taken as through routes forpublic transport as a planning consideration.9. For easy of reference, each type is given a minimim widthrequirement under Table 1 of Appendix I.10. There should be at least gne ^entrypoint 7 in every housing blockwhere the wheelchair bound disabled can alight at a vehicularaccess and enter the building unaided. Ramps and dropped kerbshall ba designed in accordance with the Third Schedule ofBuilding (Planning) Regulations.11. Contract Managers and project team 'members are to follow the aboveguidelines in the design of estate road, service access andaccess in housing estates*12. Any feedback concerning the content of this guide should bedirected to CA/D&S.13. Appendix 1 : Minimum Carriageway Width for Roads in PublicHousing EstatesPage 2 of 2


ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDEEXTKRJM/LL WUKKiISSUE lis AfjRi: L 1995BTG-EW-115DESIGN GUIDESAPPENDXX Iii?^T7n Carriageway Widthtils in PublicHousii^g EstatesMAJCR ACCESS KJ&DSERVICE ICAH4E2GENCY ACCESSa major link between the estate and thepublic road network in the area.serves to collect all estate traffic andfeed into the public road network.usage covers most types of vehiclesincluding buses.a link giving direct access to Individualbuilding platform, a group of buildingblocks or individual bloc" 1 :,use generally restricted to access to thebuilding blocks.an access to individual building block ora group of blocks in emergency situation,use restricted to emergency vehicles, i.e.fire appliance vehicle, ambulance, policecar, etc. (Refer x Emergency 'Access toStandard Domestic Blocks', BTC-EW-116)Minimom Carriaoewav WidthsTjpe of RoadMa jor AccesstioadService RoadEmergencyAccessSingleCarriageway2-lane7.3*(ReferFig- 1)Cars only4.55.5Width (m)•6.0DualCarriageway2-lane6.75(ReferFig. 2)All vehiclesexcept bus5.56.75Notes* ridth may beincreased to 10.3mif percentage ofheavy goods vehiclesand buses is high orkerboide activitiesare expected to befrequentOne-wayTwo-wayTable 1 : Minimum Carriageway Width for Roads in FHEPage 1 of 2


ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- EXTERNAL WORKS BTG-EV7-115ISSUE 118 APRIL 1995DESIGN GUIDESAPPENDIX IKBOTSBtfJ CARRIAGEWAY WIDTH KR JSO&DS IN PUBLIC HOUSING ESTATESSECTIONFIGURE I8SINGLE CARRIAGEWAY (2-LANE)SECTIONFIGURE 2 :DUAL CARRIAGEWAY(2-LANE)MINIMUM CARRIAQEWAY WIDTH FOR MAJOR ACCESS ROADPage 2 of 2


Annex IX(c)ESTATE FACILITIES DESI^H GUIDE- EXTERNAL WORKS • 8T6HEW-116ISSUE 1DESIGN GUIDESEMERGENCY ACCESS TO18 APRIL 199 5 - STANDARD DOMESTIC BLOCKSPURPOSE1. This guide gives guidelines on t provision of emergency accessto standard domestic blocks in housing estates.SSSSCS2. This gu£c|fi is MANDATORY for ail staff involved in the planning anddesign of housing estates.3. In submissions to Fire Services Department (FSD) on standarddomestic blocks,, emergency access is normally required to beffovided to one rajor face of the block. This • requirement hasbeen ircdified under FSD Circular Letter No. 1/87.4. Information contained in this guide .was previously issued ur^derDSI No. 16/90 which is now superseded•5. The contents of this guide h?ve been established in consultationand agreed with SHM/D&V, SMS/GD, CCE and CPO*6. Section 5,2.2 of FSD Circular Letter Ho. ii/87 on Access for FireAppliances Domestic Building (High Rise Estates that "A pumpingappliance position within one unimpeded 30m hose length of theFire Services Installation (FSI) Inlet mist be provided, but thiscan be varied within reasons by the approving officer to takeaccount of special features."7. Because of such change in requirement, it gives more freedom inthe design of both hard and soft landscaping along the major faceof the building concerned.Page 1 of 2


ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- EXTERNAL WORKS BTG-EW-116ISSUE 1DESIGN GUIDESEMERGENCY ACCESS TO18 APRIL 1995 STANDARD DOMESTIC BLOCKS8. To promote the proper operation and use for Emergency Access tothe individual block or a group of blocks, estate directorysignboards, sui*tably located, shall display and highlight thelayout of the following estate facilities for public'sinfonration:-Access route for emergency vehicles to individual blockEmergency Crash GatesStreet Fire HydrantsFire Services Installation (FSI) Inlet9. On designing emergency vehirjlar access in the aspect ofstructural design and the selection of road finishes, the loadingof fire engines should be taken into consideration*10. Reference should be made to BTG-EK-115 on x Minimm CarriagewayWidth for Roads in Public Housincr Estate.'11. AP Contract Managers and Landscape Architects should note therequirements stipulated under FSD Circular Letter No. 1/87 inplanning the layout of einergency access to the individual buildingin housing estates.12. Any feedback roncer^iirig tfr e content of this guide should bedirected toPage 2 of 2


ISr/Sll(S/fS}Section 21(6)(d) of Buildings Ordiiuaic#- Application for Inm^ti^u md f*atiag ofFiri S@| < vigg_ B Iiistiil l iiAnnex ' XTo : Director of Pira Services Bate :PPBRef. no. 43/8/.43/19/20/DescriBti.ftft-O.:LJglr.e Service InstallationaiScruipmentEast-* :The above installations/equipment have been installed at (address of premises)and the Installation work -was completed on * I hereby certify thatsuch installations/equipment in accordance with the PSI drawings endorsed on, „. • have been Inspect ad and is in efficient working order. *Copies ofcompleted checklist, ©«juipmetit test reports and catalogue/data sheets are attachedherewith for your information.Signature ofPSI Contractor :Name in Full : * **>*>*,*Office/Chop : • •.. - • * • Registration no. :• .. • • * •• .•..•• Class i •>•••*•••*• .'Date ;I # ,, + . , Authorised Person, certify that the abova installationshave been installed in accordance with the approved building plans staxaped by FSD on# # # #, and, in my opinion they ire ready for inspection*The Fire Service Completion Advice from Water Supplies Department in respect ofFire Service Installations (*copy attached) requiring Government water mains connectionhas been *issued/applied for.*An undertaking letter/memo from building owner for providing 24 hour attendantservice with normal telephone provision pending the connection of direct telephone linkfor the fire service installation^} is attached herewith.* 1 request that a ^Certificate FS 172, required under S2l(6)(d) of the BuildingsOrdinance / acceptance memo/letter be issued to me. I can be contacted on telephone no.for collection of the certificate*Signed : . •.. *•Full Name ofOffice : w *•*.... Authorized Person : ...»Tel. no. ; *. «.,.*••••»,.... Date :* Delete yhart tppropri&ta


Annex XIPaper on Practice In Maintenance of Fire Fighting Facilitiesin Public Housing EstatesGeneral1. The fire services equipment/installations maintained by the HousingDepartment (HD) include portable fire extinguishers, hydrant/hosereei systems,dry riser systems, street fire hydrants, sprinkler systems, fire services pumps, firedetection and fire alarm systems, fixed carbon dioxide/BTM systems intransformer rooms and fire station links. Comprehensive routine maintenanceand repairs are arranged for all these installations through three fire services termmaintenance contracts, each of them taking care of the fire services maintenanceworks for Housing Authority (HA) properties in a prescribed geographic region.2. The contractors employed under these contracts are Fire ServicesContractors registered with the Fire Services Department (FSD). Themaintenance and repair works they provide are in compliance with all relevantstatutory requirements. HD conducts regular contract coordination meetingswith the contractors to monitor their performance as well as progress of work.Their performance is also monitored by the Department's Building ServicesContractors Review Committee. Disciplinary actions will be taken againstcontractors with adverse performance by the FSD and HD as required.3. HD's annual expenditure for maintenance and repair of fire servicesinstallations and equipment is $22MRoutine Maintenance4. Routine maintenance, which includes inspection, testing and servicing,is carried out in accordance with an annual works programme agreed with themaintenance contractors. FSD will be informed in advance of the routinemaintenance works. All materials used by the contractors for servicing andreplacement purposes are approved by HD. Minor defects found on routinemaintenance are repaired by contractors within one week. For major defectscausing shutting down of fire services systems, the contractors are required


to have them rectified within an agreed "shut down period 55 , the duration ofwhich depends on the nature and extent of the defects. FSD is notified of theshut down of the fire services systems. Upon completion of the maintenance andsubsequent repair works, the contractors forward a Certificate of Maintenance toFSD as required by the Fire Services (Equipment and Installation) Regulation.Frequencies and activities of routine maintenance for the fire services systemsare described below. A more detailed description is at Appendix.5. Portable fire extinguishers are examined annually and in accordancewith the recommendations of FSD. Any portable extinguisher having dischargedare refilled and those showing signs of corrosion or damage are replaced.6. In view of the high population density as well as problems with misuseand vandalism of fire services installations in public housing estates,hydrant/hosereel systems, dry riser systems, street fire hydrants and sprinklersystem are inspected, tested and serviced on a half-yearly basis, which is morefrequent than required under the legislation. Wet drill is adopted duringinspections. Each hydrant is checked to ensure proper operation. Every hosereelis uncoiled for checking and its control valve and nozzle are turned on and off toensure normal and smooth operation. Pipe works are also examined to ensure noleakage under a prescribed pressure. Pressure and flow delivered by theinstallations are also measured to check if the statutory requirements are met.Missing or damaged components such as handwheels, nozzles and sprinklers arereplaced immediately or as soon as practicable after the test.7. Functional testing and servicing to fire services pumps are carried outquarterly. Lubricants, packing glands, gaskets and other consumables arereplaced if necessary. Overhaul of pump is carried out if deemed necessary byengineers.8. Fire detection and fire alarm systems and carbon dioxide/BTM systemsare also tested quarterly. Each manual call point, detector, alarm bell and batteryis visually and functionally checked to ensure proper sequencing and satisfactoryalarm transmission.9. Fire station link of alarm systems incorporating remote transmission isfunctionally tested bi-weekly to ensure successful transmission of alarm to FireSignal Processing Agent (Chubb Electronics (HK) Ltd.)


Repairs10. From time to time, defects of fire services installations are reported byEstate Management staff or detected by Maintenance staff. For defectsrequiring repairs of non-technical nature such as replacement of breakglass atmanual call points, glass panel of nozzle boxes etc., HD staff will have themfixed by using spare parts provided by the maintenance contractors.11. For other defects, HD maintenance staff will ascertain and decide theextent of repairing work required. Usually, the respective maintenancecontractor of the region is instructed to carry out the repair work by means ofwork orders.12. If the defect is minor in nature, minor repair orders will be issued to thecontractors for repairing. These minor repair works have to be completed by thecontractor within one week. If the repair work is considered extensive, a worksorder will be issued to the contractor who will have to complete the job withinthe period specified in the works order. The repairing work will be supervisedand, upon completion, checked satisfactory in accordance with specification byHD staff. All materials used by the contractors for repairing and replacementpurposes are approved by HD staff.13. Whenever defects cause shutting down of fire services systems, thecontractor is required to rectify them within a "shut down period" mutuallyagreed with HD. FSD will be notified of the shutting down of the fire servicesystem. Upon completion, HD will inform FSD to cancel the shut downnotification and the contractors are required to forward a Certificate ofMaintenance to FSD.14. Other than the normal repair services, emergency repair services areprovided by the contractors. It is the obligation of the contractors under themaintenance contracts that they shall provide 24-hourly emergency call outservices when required by HD's staff throught alpha-numeric radio pagers andmobile telephones.15. Frequent defects and prolonged shut down will be-discussed at themaintenance contract coordination meetings. When necessary, studies includingtechnical and financial feasibilities will be conducted to determine ifimprovement work is required. Approval from the relevant Committee ofHousing Authority will be sought if large scale improvement work is required.


Appendix - Page 1Detailed diseription of activities during routine maintenance1. Portable fire extinguishersTests for portable fire extinguishers are in accordance with therecommendation of FSD. Any portable extinguisher having dischargedwill be refilled and those showing signs of corrosion or damage internallyor externally will be carried out when necessary and in no case longer thanfour years. The date of the last maintenance will be painted on the body offire extinguishers.2. Hydrant/hosereel systemsWet drill of systems are carried out in additional to visual inspection.Water supply from hydrant and hosereel is tested for the statutory requiredpressure and flow rate. Each length of hose is uncoiled and the nozzlesare open and examined if all parts are in good condition. Piping is testedto a minimum of twice the working pressure to check if there are signs ofleakage. Valves of the fire services inlets are checked if they can beopened and closed smoothly. Moreover, functional check is carried out onfire services pumps and control circuits to see that they are in satisfactoryoperation conditions.3. Dry riser systemsApart from visual inspections, hydraulic tests are carried out by feedingwater form the inlets for a period of 15 minutes to ensure that no leakageor percolation at joints and hydrants. Hydrants outlets are examined toensure that the valve can be opened and closed smoothly. Defects foundare dealt with similarly as those of hydrant/hosereel systems.


Appendix - Page 24. Street hydrantsStreet hydrants are inspected and tested half-yearly. During tests, the flowand pressure are measured to check if they satisfy the statutoryrequirements. They are also visually inspected to ensure that there is noleakage.5. Sprinkler systemsThey are tested in accordance with the rules of the Loss PreventionCouncil. Water is discharged from control valve sets to check if therequired pressure and flow can be met. Sprinkler pumps are checked toensure no dirt and blockage.6. Fire services pumpsThe maintenance works include checking, cleaning, greasing, oiling andreplacement of gaskets, packing gland, fuses and lamps in control panelwhen necessary. Strainers are dismantled and cleaned. Associatedpipeworks and valves are also checked to ensure no dirt and blockage.7. Fire detection and fire alarm systemsAll manual call points are visually examined to check that they are in goodserviceable condition and functionally tested to ensure that (a) all thealarm bells in the circuit can be activated, (b) the alarm signal can betransmitted to the Fire Signal Processing Agent (Chubb Electronics (HK)Ltd.) if equiped with a remoted fire station link, (c) the start of the firebooster pumps and (d) correct operation of firemen's lift. Batteries andaccessories are also checked to ensure they are in good serviceablecondition. All electrical circuits are also checked to ensure compliancewith the IEE Regulations.


Appendix - Page 3Fixed carbon dioxide systems/BTM systems in transformer roomsAll electrical components including cable, detectors, alarm bells, batteriesetc. are tested similarly as those in the fire detection and fire alarmsystems mentioned in para. 7 above. All cylinders containing the gas shallbe checked to ensure that their content is up to the specified standard andshall be recharged if loss in content is detected. All automatic and releasemechanisms shall be checked and serviced to ensure proper operations.Moreover, the whole system will be functionally checked once per year bytriggering the detector or mechanical release unit.Remote alarm transmission systemsEach and every smoke/heat detector will be tested using inert gas forsimulation of an alarm signal. Proper transmission of signal is checkedsimilar to those required by manual call points in para. 7 above. Detectorsfound defective are replaced.


Annex XIIStandard Proforma 39 (Revised January 1995)File Ref.BUILDING WORKS SUBMISSION CHECK LISTSECTION 1 General Office(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)(f)Is BC/CL PermiJ file attached?Have appropriate files been crossed referenced and attached?Is site (or part) subject to a Redevelopment Notice?If 'yes 1 , stamp file cover and check whether or not compensation paid.Is site (or part) subject to an Exclusion Order?If 'yes', stamp file cover.Have plans been forwarded to the appropriate DPO/DLO/PM? (SL 74)Have 2 sets of plans been forwarded to D of FS? (SL 141)If 'no', state why not.Yes N/A NoEHEH• • •• EH•EHEU•(g) Have the A & A proposals been referred to D of EP? (SL 158)(h)Is the payment form for processing fee attached?CD EH EHCZ3EHChecked by Appointment DateSECTION 2 Drawing Office(a)Is site affected by the following? If f yes\ give details,(i)Town Planning SchemeOZP/DPAPermitted use•(ii)Other Special Control AreasPlan No.Specialrestrictions


(iii)- 2 -Scheduled Area No. I/No. 2/No. 4/No*5Yes N/A No(iv)Roads (Works, Use and Compensation) Ordinance s22Plan/Drawing No.By what affected(v)Long Term Road Study/Street Improvement Scheme/Outline Development Plan/Layout PlanPlan/Drawing No.By what affected(vi)Mass Transit Railway Route Protection Area(for proposed/future routes) - SP 1:21 refers.(vii)Mass Transit Railway Work Site - SP 1:21 refers.(viii)Mass Transit Railway Protection Area included inScheduled Area No. 3 - SP 1:21 refers.(be)New Mass Transit Railway Protection Area not yetincluded in the scheduled area - SP 1:21 refers.(x)Kowloon Canton Railway - PN 4:21 refers.30 m protection areai—i•proposed Rail Route(xi)Light Rail Transit Reservecompleted routesfuture reserves• •


(xii)Sewage Tunnel Works - BO sI7A-3-Yes N/A Noen en(xiii)Central Kowloon Routeen en(xiv)(xv)Country Parks OrdinanceAntiquities and Monuments OrdinanceCH• •(xvi)Possible Special Development Area (PSDA) - LDCcmen(b)Is site affected by, or adjacent to, the following?If 'yes\ give details.(i)Ground Anchors either in or adjacent to the siteen(ii)Disused tunnels(iii) Water gathering grounds (B(SSFPDW&L)R 47A)enen(iv)a nullah, box culvert, streamcourse?(c)(d)Do building plans indicate a proposed lane surrender?If 'yes 1 , stamp file cover - PN 3:3 refers.Height restriction under Hong Kong Airport (Control ofObstructions) OrdinanceenenenChecked by ,; Appointment , Date


-4-SECTION 3 Chief Building Surveyor (New Submissions) orSenior Building Surveyor (Alterations & Additions)A.(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)(f)(g)(h)(i)(3)(k)(1)Fundamental CheckIs proposal in order in the following aspects?BO sl6(l)(d) & (da) - If in doubt, refer to DPO and to BC.BO sl6(l)(g) - if 'no', refer to BC/BA.BO sl6(l)(h) & (p) - If in doubt, refer to CHE and to BC. (SL 142)BO s25 - If 'no', refer to C&E.Areas of Special Control restrictions.Roads (Works, Use and Compensation) Ordinance s22Street Improvement proposals. (SL 7 & SL 142)MTR proposals, including work sites and protection areas. (SL 149)Eastern Harbour Crossing/Central Kowloon Route (SL 138)HK Airport (Control of Obstructions) OrdinanceCompatibility with Sewage Tunnel Works - BO sl7AExemption/Modification applications (CBS's discretion)section/regulation:YesCDEDCD1 1EH1—11—1EHEHED^EHEH1—1CDEHEHN/A•1 1EDEHEHEHEHCDEHEHEHNo•CDCDCDCDCD1—I1—1EH1—1EHCDCDCD1—1CDCD(m)(n)(o)(P)(q)(r)(s)(0Site classificationB(P)R 19(2)Private streets, including lighting (generally)Urban Renewal SchemeScheduled Area geotechnical requirementsSite affected by disused tunnels (SL 152)Priority application - See SP 1:45Prescribed fees fully paid?EHEHEHEHEHEHEHEHEHEHCDCDCDCDCDCDCD1—1ED1—I1—1EHEHEH


-5-B. Referral required to BC BA. other Authorities and Offices(a) BC/BA- BO sl6(l)(d), (da), (g), (h) & (p)- Other modifications - See SP 1:17- B(P)R 19(2)- BO s25- B(P)R 22(1)/B(P)R 22(2) concessions- Mass Transit concessionsYes N/A NoEHEH•CDCDEHEHCD(b)(c)- Hotel concessions- Country Parks Ordinance case - BO si6(1)(d)- Priority application - See SP 1:45Geotechnical Engineering Office(i) sloping site - See SP 1:32(ii) basement 5 m - See SP 1:32(iii)site within Mid-levels Scheduled Area No. 1 (MLSA)- See SP 1:40(iv) site affected by disused tunnels - See SP 1:34(v)(vi)(vii)site affected by major culvert, nullah, streamcourse- See SP 1:34ground anchors either in or adjacent to the site - See PNAP:50site within Scheduled Area No. 2 Northwest Territoriesor Scheduled Area No. 4 Ma On Shan - See SP 1:51(viii) site involving marine dredging - See SP 1:15(ix) site affected by sewage tunnel work - See PNAP: 165D of FS - means of access for firefighting & rescuein particular pressurization of staircase- proximity to MTR structures (SL 144)(d) MTRC - MTR protection area & work site (SL 149)(e) C for L - single occupany factory (SL 146)(f) D of E - schools, kindergartens (SL 145)(g)(h)(i)Hospital Authority - hospitalsD of SW - child care centresCO/LA, CNTA - hotels and clubsEHEHEHCDEHC3CDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCD•EHCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDCDC3CZ3EH


0)(k)(1)(m)(n)(o)(P)(q)(s)(t)(u)(v)(w)C.-*6-D of RS/US - refuse disposal (SL 147A) or marketD of EP - pollution controlCHEDofTDDLOCES/ACHECETEPMCE(Drainage) -iPM -IRoads (Works, Use and Compensation) Ord s22internal streets, BO sl6(l)(p)vehicular access, BO sl6(l)(h)private streets & lightingcorner splaystreet improvementhighway structurescinema/theatre entrancesspecial proposals requiring trafficengineering consideration - See SP 1:36site affected by culvert, nullah,streamcourse - See SP 1:34- (SL 142)CE(Drainage) - site affected by Sewage Tunnel Works (SL 159)Cflfi. ceo-GEPW- - port works (SL 148)GE/WHL - Eastern Harbour Crossing route protection (SL 138)Central Kowloon Route protection(r) D of M - reclamation, dredging, seawall,illuminated signs facing harbourD of CA -CE/R Railway Div, HyDilluminated signs adjoining Kai Tak Airport, or sky signsKCRC/Light Rail Div - LRT (SL 149A)TS/B - B(P)R 72 matters (SL 155)D of Royal Observatory -(SL 150) for KCR protection area(SL 150A) for proposed rail routesbuilding height affecting telecommunicationand transmission (SL 164)File required for referring to BC/BA after completion of Section 4(If yes, also put return date in box in Section 4 below.)YesN/A NoEH EH• EHEHEH•EHEHEHEHEHEHEHEHEHEHEHEHEHEHEHEDEHEH•EHEHEH•EHEHEHEHEHEHEHEHName Appointment Date


SECTION 4 Building Surveyor (Inspection Report)Refer back to CBS bv 1Site Inspection - new buildings* and alterations and additions* as appropriate.Yes N/A No(a) (i) What exists on site?(ii)Does the site appear to slope more than the plans suggest?If 'y es '' refer back to CBS to reconsider Section 3B(b)(b)What is on adjoining sites - See also Section 5(s)(c)Is the neighbourhood an area of urban decay?If 'yes', give details.(d)Is access to site possible for fire fighting vehicles?If f no\ state reason and consult SBS for possible refusal underBOsl6(l)(g)EHEU(e) Is a party wall or common staircase involved? i 1(f)Sketch plan showing development site, the neighbourhood, streets and lanes.


(g)I§ proposal allowable unconditionally reany demolition work, BO s!6(l)(l)excavations, etc., BO sl6(l)(m)-8-If 'no', state reason and refer to SBS/CBS in file minute.Yes N/A NonnnEH EH EH(h)Is proposal only allowable conditionally?If yes 1 , state conditions and suggest course of action to SBS,e.g. under BO si6(5), BO sl7(l) etc.EH im•(i)(j)Is reference to Dangerous Buildings Section necessaryin respect of the neighbourhood?Measured width of streets and footpaths.en EH mStreet Width Priv/Pub Footpath Width(k)Is a B(P)R 6 determination required?(1) Measured width of lanes.EHLocation Width Priv/Pub Drained/Surfaced(m)(n)(o)(p)(q)(r)(s)Widening of lanes required?.Any street furniture likely to be affected, e.g. street lighting,traffic signs, street name signs, traffic lights, tramway cables,parking metres?If f yes\ advise appropriate AC for T.Any adjoining streets or Government Land likely to be affected?If 'yes 1 , advise appropriate DLO,Any trees likely to be affected?If 'yes', advise appropriate DLO.Any existing verandah piers likely to be affected orwhich should now be removed?Any new enclosure walls required for framed buildings?Any existing or future free-standing party-walls requiringsupport or removal?EH EU EDEH EH EHEH* EH EHEH EH EHEH EH EHEH EH EHEH EH


(t)(u)(v)Any existing nullah likely to be built over?If 'yes', refer back to CBS.-9-Is existing work, including drainage, correctly shownon A & A plans?Any site objection to proposed A_If 'yes', state detail.work?Yes N/A No• C3 •nnn(w)(x)(y)Has any A & A work commenced?If f yes\ note details on minute sheet*Any action under BO s24 required?If 'yes 1 , call for new or existing II- file and suitably minute forfollow-up action.Any other observations? If *yes\ give details belowCD CD CDCD CD CDName . Aooointment Date


SECTION 5 Building Surveyor (Plans check)- 10-Note: This is an aide-memoire for curtailed checking purposes. When calculations are not checkedin detail, it should be ensured that the fundamental criteria are correct and the requirements ofB(A)R 8(l)(h) & (k) have been met.Basic Eight Points (items (a) - (h))(a) (i) Private streets/service lane acceptable?(ii) Surrender plan and undertaking submitted?(b) Projections and Verandahs:Yes N/A NoEH EU. EUnan(i)Projection and clear height satisfy B(P)R Part II criteria?(c)(ii)Superfluous verandah piers shown to be removed?Plot Ratio & Site Coverage:(i)(ii)Lot dimensions correct?Is claimed site area acceptable, particularly in relation toB(P)R 23(2)(a)?I I I IEU(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)Site classification & factors correct?Building height in order, particularly in relation to AHR?Is claimed non-accountable GFA in order?B(P)R 22(l)/22(2) bonus claimed and in order?- PN 3:26 & PN 3:36 referEH EH(d) Open Space - B(P)R 25:(e)(i)(ii)correct in relation to site classification?correctly disposed?Means of Access/Escape:CZcuCDCDEDEZ(i)(ii)(iii)Number, width, layout and enclosure adequate?exits from rooms and storeysstairs and exit routesTravel distances acceptable?Satisfactory direct access from street, or exit topublic/private lane having connection with a street(iv) From kindergarten/child care centre, PN 3:41(v)(vi)Fireman's lift & lift lobby acceptable?FRS, in particular ventilated lobby, acceptable?EDEDEDEDCZEDEDZDEDCDEHCZEZCZCZ1—-j


(f) (i) ER. P. table correct?. 11 -€S?(ii)Compartmentation acceptable?(iii) Separation of adjoining buildings satisfactory? ,(iv) Separation of different occupancies satisfactory? I .(v) Basement adequately ventilated? I . .(g) (i) UFA & factor correct? I(ii) Sanitary fitments provision adequate? I .(h) (i) Prescribed windows adequate? I . . .(ii) External air/rectangular horizontal plane and inclined plane i » . .acceptable? I 1 I I(iii) Natural lighting to staircases adequate? I . , .(iv) Permanent artificial lighting to basement staircases provided? « 1 . . . .Other Matters (items (i) - (v))(i) All required forms submitted and satisfactory? « . , .(j) Description of site, address, lot, section, correct? » » • .(k) Requirements of Places of Public Entertainment Regulations satisfied? « 1 . • . 1(1) Modifications of PPE Regs required? I , « , , ,If 'yes 1 , refer to CBS with recommendations. ' ' ' « I '(m) Reference to SE required? I . r-—< . •(n) Comments from GE received? I » . . i .(o) All referrals required under items (1), (m) & (n) of Section 4 above . . ( * ( •already made? ' ' I 1 I 1(p) Building situated near a cutting/retaining wall, . . j . • ,B(P)R 27 and/or 47 complied with? ' 1 ' » ' 1(q) Car parking provisions in order? - PN 3:37 I . . 1 i .(r) Building (Refuse Storage Chambers and Chutes) Regulations satisfied? » . i . . .(s) Does the proposal adversely affect any existing building? - B(P)R 37. « . j . • •If f yes\ describe below. ' ' ' ' « '


- 12-(t) Hotels:Yes N/A No(i) Hotel concessions claimed and in order? - PNAP: 111 i 1 « » .—-,(ii) Form BA 16 submitted? i 1 i . .——.(u) Provisions for use by disabled persons acceptable? - B(P)R 72 i 1 i , . ,(v) Provisions for room-sealed gas water heaters acceptable? - B(P)R 35A . 1 i » . ,Section 6Suggested disapproval Items (confined to eight points check only)Note: Relevant BO sections and Regulations should be quoted.Section 7Other contraventions to be drawn to AP ! s attentionName Appointment DateRef. : BD GP/BOP/6


Annex XIII«TTTT BTMT** OUDXMAHCE OFFICE PRACTICE IOTE FOE AUH01IZED FERSO1SBUILDIHGS ORDIHAHCE OFFICE ^ ttcignin) ST1!X:T!I1AL nGIUQQtS30Under the above system which was introduced in 1976 all buildingplans are to be submitted to the Buildings Ordinance Office (BOO) whichmaintains a co-ordinating role with other interested departments.2. For first submissions and re-submissions for new building projects,the two sets of plans for approval under the Buildings Ordinance should besigned but only one set need be fully coloured. In order to facilitateprocessing, when plans are resubmitted to rectify any adverse comments on theprevious submission, or to incorporate other amendments, the relevant parts ofthe plans so amended should be clearly identified, for example, by lightlytinting or colour washing those parts on all of the otherwise uncoloured plans.3. For amendment submissions after the approval of building plans, oralteration/addition submissions, two sets of plans need be signed but all plansmust be suitably coloured to indicate the alterations*A. In order to minimize the time lost in requesting/submittingadditional sets of plans, adequate additional sets of plans should be submittedfor the necessary consul tat ion • The check-list at Appendix A is to assistauthorized persons (APs) to identify such requirement. The speed with whichplans are processed also depends upon the depth of preliminary research beforeformal submission, and the presentation of the drawings,5. Procedures for dealing with fire service installations proposals andwith lease matters are given in Appendices B and C respectively*6. When plans have been checked and where comments are of such a minornature that only simple amendments to plans are necessary, the AP will beinvited to BOO to make these amendments so that the plans can be approved asexpedit.iously as possible.7* Any submission intended to be an enquiry should be clearly indicatedas such* Every endeavour will be made to deal with it as early as possible andwithin two months at the most. Any submission not accompanied by a Form 9and/or not containing sufficient information to enable the fundamental aspectsto be checked will be treated as an enquiry.Ref. : BLD(B) GP/BOP/6BLD(B) GP/CL/1(A.G. Eason)Building AuthorityFirst issued September 1976This update January 1990 (GBS/D)Index under : B(A)R - Centralized Processing of Building FlansBuilding Plans - Centralized ProcessingCentralized Processing of Building PlansProcessing of Building Plans - B(A)R


check-list to help determine the total miter.,.of of PllM .12 .W, to BOODepartments/Offices involvedAGRICULTURE & FISHERIES DEPARTMENTBUILDINGS k LANDS DEPARTMENTBuildings Ordinance OfficeDistrict Lands OfficeCITY k NEW TERRITORIES ADMINISTRATIONLicensing AuthorityCIVIL AVIATION BEPAETHENTCIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENTSubject watterworks affecting country parksworks subject to the Buildings Ordinancelease nattersclubs and hotelsworks exceeding height limit under Cap 301,illuminated sky signs near AirportSetsof plans(minimum)2111Ceotechnical Engineering OfficePort Vorks DivisionDEPARTHEHT OF HEALTHDRAINAGE SERVICES DEPARTMENTEDUCATION DEPARTMENTELECTRICAL & MECHANICAL SERVICESDEPARTMENTGas Standards OfficeENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENTFIRE SERVICES DEPARTMENT.HIGHWAYS DEPARTMENTRailway DivisionWestern Harbour Link OfficeHOSPITAL AUTHORITYKOWLOON CANTON RAILWAY CORPORATIONLight Rail DivisionLABOUR DEPARTMENTMARINE DEPARTMENTHASS TRANSIT EAILWAY CORPORATIONsloping sites, deep excavation, disused tunnel*existing ground anchor t works affecting majorculvert, nullah or streaa course, Scheduled Area,Designated Area, marine dredgingseawalls, marine works, port worksclinicsworks affecting culvert, nullah, stream courseschools, kindergartensLPG storespollution control, factory chimneys, sewagetreatment plantsfire service installations, means of access forfirefighting It rescue"highways referral 11 : Internal streets, vehicularaccess, street improvement, corner splay, streetlighting, cinema entrances, highway structures,works affecting culvert, nullah or stream courseworks within KCRC's route protection area oraffecting proposed rail routesworks affecting Eastern Harbour Crossingor Central Kowloon Route protection areashospitalsworks affecting LRT reservesingle occupancy factoriesreclamation, dredging, seawall, pier, illuminatedsigns facing harbourworks affecting airport railway, MTR protectionareas & work sites2*11111121* with 2 copies of geotechnical aat/reportcont'd/.


. ' ft+partnent»/Off *ces in.y.Pl vj£*tPLANNING DEPABTHSHTPOST OFFICEREGIONAL SERVICES DEPARTMENTSOCIAL WELFARE DEPARTMENTSetsof plansworks subject to the Town Planning Ordinance 1tel@co«f!unicaii©n transmitting stations 1refuse disposal or markets in Regional Council area 1nurseries» child care centres s social service 1institutionsTERRITORY DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENTProject ManagerTRANSPORT DEPARTMENTURBAN SERVICES DEPARTMENT"highways referral" and works affecting culvert, 1nullah s stream course in N«T.parking provisions and layout, traffic engineering 1mattersrefuse disposal or markets in Urban Council area 1WORKS BRANCHACABASbridges and associated highway structuresRef. : BUHB) CP/BOP/6BLD(B) GP/CL/1First issued September 1976This revision April 1093 (CBS/D)


fire Segrice Ipstal | l i at | ioiasfgl mUpon submission of building plans toBOO the covering letter should becopied to the Fire Services Department.2, The two sets of plans for referral to the Fire Services Department shouldbe clearly identified by a suitable note in bold lettering in the lowerright hand corner of every plan and should show the proposed fire serviceinstallations and equipment referred to in Buildings Ordinance section()()(ii)3* After checking, the plans will be dealt with in one of the followingways:(a)(b)(c)If the plans are acceptable, one set will be returned directly to theAP with a standard letter, copied to BOO,If the plans would be acceptable subject to minor changes, the APwill be invited by the Fire Services Department to make the necessaryamendment. The procedure in sub-paragraph (a) will then follow,If the plans are not acceptable, both sets (possibly with one setanotated) will be returned directly to the AP with a letter ofadverse comments, copied to BOO, and such comments will not berepeated in any of BOO's communication with the AP.4, The Director of Fire Services sometimes may make additionalrecommendations which are not related to the issue of certificate. Hisvarious comments will therefore be grouped under the following headings;(a)(h)Reasons for Refusal of a Certificate under Buildings Ordinancesection 16(l)(b)Strongly Recommended PracticeThese are recommendations which if not adopted may render thecompleted building a fire hazard resulting in possible abatementaction under the Fire Services Ordinance,(c)Recommendations of a Purely Optional NatureThe adoption of these is considered to be good practice.


Jkppeodis €hemse Matters1. After initial appointment for a new building project f an AP should ms aoooas possible advise BOO by an early alert letter, copied to the relevantDistrict Lands Officer, of his appointment , the site address and the lotnumber(s), and a very brief description of the proposal,, Despite theimplications of paragraph 2 (BUILDING WORKS)(c) in Form 9 under theBuildings Ordinance, it should not then be necessary to enclose a copy ofthe lease conditions, although this would still be necessary if an APomits to send in the early alert letter.2. Upon formal submission to BOO later, two sets of plans will be referred tothe relevant District Lands Officer to check compliance with the leaseconditions. Additional sets of plans may be required by the DistrictLands Officer in certain instances, e.g. where Government accommodation isinvolved. It will help to speed up the process if the name and °contacttelephone number of the AP are printed on the plans.3. The District Lands Officer, after consultation with other interestedparties, will advise BOO of his comments. Consolidated comments will bepassed on to the AP in the appproval/disapproval letter. In the eventwhere comments are not yet available within the statutory period, the APwill be so advised and the District Lands Officer "will communicatedirectly with the AP.4. Where there are adverse comments under the lease conditions, the APshould, upon re-submission through the centralized processing system,explain in a covering letter, copied to the District Lands Officer, how heproposes to resolve the anomalies.5. All enquiries on lease matters should be forwarded directly to therelevant District Lands Officer. If a lease modification is required, itshould precede formal submission of plans.


Annex XIVDEVELOPMENT DIVISION MANUAL PRACTICE NOTE 22Terms of Reference of Building CommitteesBuilding Committees I & IIThe Building Authority (BA) has delegated the power to approve plans toCBSs. Such delegated authority is administratively exercised in accordance with guidelinespublished in Practice Notes to Authorized Persons and Registered Structural Engineers(PNAPs) or contained in the Development Division Manual.2. For advice on fundamental, discretionary and interpretive matters not coveredby published guidelines, the CBS should in the first instance consult the appropriate BuildingCommittee (BC).3. The BC will either provide the necessary guidance or advise with arecommendation that the matter be referred to the BA for his personal decision (via AD/Dand DDB on the operational file).4. Significant and interesting development proposals should be tabled at BC forinformation. When considered appropriate, BC will recommend that the BA's personalattention (via DDB on the operational file) be drawn to a project.Building Committee I (BC I) Procedures5. BC I considers cases where the representatives of Plan D, Lands D, D of FSand other invitees can provide pertinent comment. Papers prepared by the relevant CBS arecirculated before the meeting.6.Room.7.BC I normally meets everyMembership :- AD/DAll DD CBSs1 non-DD CBS (on rotation)Representative from Plan DRepresentative from Lands DBS/TATuesday at 10.00 a.m. in the BD Confererchairman (the senior ranking DD CBSis deputy chairman)membersmembermembermembersecretaryRepresentatives of D of FS, PGGE and CO/LA are invited when specific advice is required.Similarly, representatives of AD/SE, AD/LM, AD/S and AD/C may occasionally be calledupon.8. From time to time, when an issue is difficult to grasp, APs may be invited tostate their case. When necessary, joint site inspections by members will be arranged.cont'd/.....


-2-9. Whenever possible, papers should be submitted to BS/TA by midday on thepreceding Wednesday so that the attendance of invitees can be arranged.Building Committee II (BC II) Procedures10. BC II considers matters relating to plan processing policy, interpretation andimplementation. Cases are presented by CBSs (and occasionally CSEs or their nominee).11. BC II follows on from BC I on Tuesday mornings.12. Membership :-AD/Dchairman (the senior ranking DD CBSis deputy chairman)All DD CBSsmembers1 non-DD CBS (on rotation) memberBS/TAsecretaryRepresentatives of AD/SE, AD/LM, AD/S and AD/C may occasionally be invited to attendfor particular cases.13. Except in complex cases or where advice outside of the Development Divisionis sought, full papers are not required but a typed reference label with a statement of thesubject matter and advice sought (as Appendix B) should be submitted to BS/TA. Urgentcases can be raised without prior notice.Case Papers and Records14. To allow adequate time for sequential action, papers should be prepared sothat cases can be considered at BC not less than 10 clear days before the expiry of theprescribed period for plan processing. Fundamental matters should be tabled at the earliestopportunity.15. BC I case papers should be concise. Attachments should be avoided but whena document, such as an AP's justification, is included, its content should be summarized inthe paper. Background information can be more conveniently amplified during the meeting,when members have the benefit of viewing plans and other documents. Where there is morethan one recommendation the Background/Argument material should follow the samesequence as the recommendations. Appendix A illustrates the format to be followed.16. At BC I and n, the secretary notes the salient points of discussion, which arerecorded with the advice given. BC records represent an on-going reflection of planprocessing policy and interpretive development17. Case papers are typed 1 onto 'floppy disks 1 which should be handed to TS/B f spersonal secretary together with hard copies for distribution.cont'd/.


- 3 -18. Copies of BC records are issued to committee members and invitees, allprofessional officers of the Development Division and BD HQ. Other divisions are providedwith copies for circulation. A copy is also kept in the BD Library for reference. Thedistribution list is at Appendix C.19. Full case records are stored by computer and retrieval of information is readilyavailable from BS/TA or through the BD local area network (LAN).Ref.:BDGP/CC/5BD GR/CC/38/2This revision/update May 1996.Index under : Building Committee


PN 22 -APPENDIX AFormat of Case PapersBCI # 00/96fdatelSECTION ARecommendation[address]Pot no.][section][submission]CASE NOTE BY CBS[HK/K/NT][file no.][CBS initials]Tdate]BO s/R etcProblemPowers/RemediesBackground/ArgumentSECTION BPROCEEDINGS IN CONFERENCEDISCUSSION/ADVICEAction : [post]


PN 22 - APPENDIX BReference Label for BC ITBC n 00/96fdatel[earlier reference]faddresslHot no.][section][HK/K/NT][file no,]FCBS initialslSECTION AProblemBO s/R etcSTATEMENT BY CBSSECTION BDISCUSSION/ADVICEActjon: [post]


PN 22 -APPENDIX CBuilding Committee Records Distribution ListB Development DivisionAD/DCBS/HK1 CBS/HK2 CBS/K CBS/NT1 CBS/NT2 CBS/P&R CBS/HDSBS/HK(A) SBS/HK(B) SBS/HK(C) SBS/HK(D) SBS/K(A) SBS/K(B)SBS/NT1(E) SBS/NT1(F) SBS/NT2(C) SBS/NT2(D) SBS/PADS SBS/RailSBS/HDBS/HK1(7) BS/HK2(6) BS/K(7) BS/NT1(8) BS/NT2(8) BS/P&R(5)BS/HD(3)BD Headquarters and other DivisionsDB DDB AD/C AD/LM AD/S AD/SECBS/MCBS/CSCBS/LTS/BCBS/C1LibraryCBS/C2PSO(B)/DOCBS/DBBD Seconded PostsCO/LACNTASBS/PM, Lands DLands DepartmentSES/HQ*Planning DepartmentGTP/BD*InviteesRepresentatives of D of FS, PGGE and as appropriate*BC I records onlyA copy of each paper discussed is sent to the personal secretary of the relevant CBS forentry into the operational file.


Annex" XVLANDS ABMIMISTRATIOS OFFICETechnical Circular no. 615Standard Fire Services ClausesFor Land Title Documents1 • The following revised Special Condition on Access for Fire Servicesappliances and personnel has now been agreed :~"Throughout the term hereby granted :~a) The Purchaser/Grantee shall at his own expense and to thesatisfaction of the Director of Fire Services :-i) Provide suitable means of access for the passage ofFire Services appliances and Fire Services personnelto any building or buildings',, structure-or. structureserected or placed or to be erected or placed on thelot; andii)At all times permit such Fire Services personnel andFire Services appliances the free and uninterrupted useof such means of access; andill) Maintain such means of access and keep the same freefrom obstruction.b) The Purchaser/Grantee shall permit the Director of FireServices, his officers, servants or agents at all reasonabletimes with or without notice to enter upon the lot or anypart thereof or any building or buildings, structure orstructures or any part thereof erected or placed or to beerected or placed thereon for the purpose of inspecting thesame so as to ensure that the requirements referred to insub-clause (a) of this Special Condition have been compliedwith."2. This condition replaces the former version and is to be included inall lease and land title documentation for all future grants by wayof sale, tender, PTG, exchange etc. with immediate effect*3* Amendments to all relevant Master Documents will be Incorporated indue course•..«*~( A.L. Ostheimer )Senior Estate Surveyor/Technical Information20.9.1988


DistributionAll professional staff in Lands Administration OfficeTDDGLS, CLSs and SLSsCLEs, SLEs and LEsPSQs, SSOs and SOs (Estate)PGTP and STP/CIPGBSPGGEAD/PBG (LO/MB)SLWICACD of A[ F-S DFS (Attn : Mr, M.K« WONG)j BLD 2/1000/82


Annex XVITerms of reference of the District Lands ConferenceTo consider in the light of overall land policy and Land Instractions:(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)the terms and conditions for the disposal of land, both permanent andtemporary, including Government land allocations;the terms and conditions for exchanges, extensions, modifications,easements and wayleaves;prospecting and mining licences and leases; andapplications for felling of trees arising from development proposals.Membership of the District Lands ConferenceGovernment Land Agent (District concerned) (Chairman)District Lands OfficerDistrict Officer (NT districts only)Senior Solicitor (Legal Advisory & Conveyancing Office)Chief Engineer, Water Supplies DepartmentChief Building Surveyor, Buildings DepartmentChief Engineer, Highways DepartmentChief Engineer, Drainage Services DepartmentChief Engineer, Traffic Engineering Division of TDChief Architect, Architectural Services Dept. (in Urban Area)Representative of Project Manager, TDD (in NT)Representative of District Planning OfficeSenior Divisional Fire Officer, Fire Services Dept.District Land SurveyorChief Land Executive (District concerned, for NT districts only)Senior Estate Surveyor (District concerned) (Secretary)


Annex XVIITerms of referenceBuilding Management Co-ordination Committee1. To establish criteria for the selection of a number of target buildings in the districtwhich would benefit from management advice for the BMCT to work upon and torecommend selected target buildings for the endorsement of the District Board.2. To identify and examine general/specific building management and relatedproblems in the target buildings and to make recommendations for rectification.3. To identify ways and means, both in the long and short term, whereby theowners/residents, their management agencies and relevant Governmentdepartments can take to alleviate/solve the identified management problems and toimprove the standards of management of the target buildings.4. To co-ordinate private and Government efforts in tackling the problems identifiedin such target buildings and to assess the effectiveness of their applicationsperiodically.5. To identify any legislative deficiencies relating to building management and torecommend appropriate amendments to HAD HQs for consideration.6. To prepare periodic returns/reports to HAD HQs and to the District Board on theprogress of work.7. To act as a district advisory body on all aspects concerning management in privateresidential buildings in the district.


Annex XVIIIMembership List of District BMCCBuilding DepartmentDrainage Services Department (For industrial buildings)Environmental Protection Department (For industrial buildings)Fire Services DepartmentLabour DepartmentLands DepartmentRegional Services Department (In rural Districts)Royal Hong Kong Police ForceUrban Services Department (In urban Districts)


-AnnexSelection Criteria of Target Buildings1. A possibility of fire hazard, such as obstructions in common parts of buildings blockingthe means of escape or sub-standard fire fighting equipment owing to lack of propermaintenance.2. Deterioration of the physical structure of buildings, such as the lack of propermaintenance and repairs of common parts including corridors, staircases, roofs, lifts andplumbing systems.3. Presence of extensive unauthorized installations which adversely affect the environmentand the building condition, such as unauthorized structures and extensions in commonparts, or sign-boards; unauthorized use of premises for workshops or hazardous trades;and premises producing various nuisances such as noise nuisance.4. Serious insanitary conditions leading to health hazard or an unhealthy environment, suchas the accumulation of refuse at staircases, canopies and light-wells; filthy water fromleaking pipes; improper and infrequent cleaning of common parts; and improper means ofrefuse disposal.5. Security problems such as the lack of satisfactory security equipment or system, or poorlighting in common corridor and staircases.6. Inefficient and ineffective building management and poor communication withowners/residents..7. Willingness of the OC/MAC/management agency to co-operate with the Government intaking initiative to improve the management and environment of the building.


Annex XXLND KB 427/IGS/KEEngineering Conditions for Permanent Land Allocationto the Commission of Policefor auxiliary Police Headquartersat J/Q Kai Cheung Road & Wang Chiu RoadUse (1) (&) The area coloured pink & pink hatched black on theattached plan (hereinafter referred to as "the site")shall not be used for any purpose other than' AuxiliaryPolice Headquarters.(b)In the event that any change in the use or developmentof the site is proposed the allocatee after havingobtained the approval of the District Planning Officeand that of the Town Planning Board if necessary shallapply for approval to the District Lands Officer/KovloonEast {hereinafter referred to as "the District LandsOfficer") who way, if approval is granted, imposeadditional conditions or direct that a new allocation isnecessary.Formation (2) The site shall be formed to levels to be approved by theappropriate authority and no approved levels shall be amended without theprior approval in writing of the appropriate authority which in grantingconsent may impose such conditions as it sees fit.Setting Out (3)Cutting awayUtilityservices etc.(a)(b)(c)Upon application by the allocatee, the District LandsOfficer shall, if he considers It necessary, cause theboundaries of the site to be set out on the ground.The allocatee or his authorized representatives aftersuch setting out shall attend at the site to take overthe boundary marks. The allocatee shall take or causeto be taken all proper care and precautions to safeguardthe boundary marks from any disturbance whatsoever.The District Lands Officer shall only provide theInitial survey. Any replacement of missing or disturbedboundary marks that may become necessary, shall be theresponsibility of the allocatee, either by charge to hiscontractor or by other arrangements with privatesurveyors.(4) No works shall be carried out on adjoining Government landwithout the prior written consent of the District Lands Officer who mayin granting consent impose such conditions as he sees fit.(5) The removal, diversion or reinstatement elsewhere as may berequired of any existing works or installations whatsoever on the sitemust be paid for as part of the project and carried out to thesatisfaction of the appropriate authority.


Dumping{Governmentland)GeotechnicaisubmissionRock crushingAnchormaintenanceTreeretentionfioads andparkingDamage topublic roadsAccessDrainageConnectionto stormwater drain(6) No earth, debris, spoil of whatsoever nature or buildingmaterials shall be dumped on any Government land.(7) All site formation works associated with the project shall becarried out and paid for as part of the project. In addition, all worksnecessary to ensure adequate stability of land and structures whichcould be adversely affected by the project or the failure of which couldadversely affect the site, shall be carried out and paid for as part ofthe project-(8) No rock crushing plant shall be permitted on the site withoutthe approval of the Principal government Geotechnical Engineer-(9) Where prestressed ground anchors are installed, upondevelopment or redevelopment of the site, the allocatee shall beresponsible for regular maintenance and regular monitoring of theprestressed ground anchors to the satisfaction of the PrincipalGovernment Geotechnical Engineer. Segular monitoring reports withcritical discussion of results shall be submitted to the GeotechnicalEngineering Office for checking.(10) No trees growing on the site or adjacent thereto shall beinterfered with without the prior written consent of the District LandsOfficer or the appropriate authority who may, in granting consent, imposesuch conditions as to replanting as he may deem appropriate.(11} Space shall be provided within the site for the parking/loading and unloading of motor vehicles to meet operational requirementsto the satisfaction of the Commissioner for Transport.(12) Any damage done to adjoining public roads, street furnitureetc. shall be made good to the satisfaction of the Director of Highwaysand paid for as part of the project.(13) No right of ingress or egress to or from the site for thepassage of motor vehicles will be permitted except between points X and Y.through Z and between points U and V through W on the attached plan.(14) All storm or rain water from the site including any accessroad thereto shall be conveyed to the sea or a stream course, catchpit,channel or storm water drain as required by the Chief Engineer/MainlandSouth, Drainage Services Department. All temporary and permanent worksshall be paid for from the project and carried out in such a manner thatno damage or nuisance is caused by storm water or rain water to adjacentproperty and any claims arising out of damage or nuisance caused by stormwater or rain water shall be paid for from the project vote.(15) A connection to the Government storm water drain can be givenand all connection charges must be paid for as part of the project andcarried out to the satisfaction of the Chief Engineer/Mainland South,Drainage Services Department.


Interferencewith drainor nullahDamage tonullah etc.Connectionto sewerFresh watersupplyExistingmainRestrictionon use of¥ater supplySalt watersupplyFlushingsystemGeneralnuisanceNo concreteproductionNo open fireNo boileror otherequipmentDustsuppression(16) No drain or nullah shall be interfered with without thepermission of the Chief Engineer/Mainland South, Drainage ServicesDepartment.(17) Damage or obstruction caused to any nullah, drain, water mainor other installation within or adjoining the site shall be made good atthe cost of the project and to the satisfaction of the appropriateauthority or Chief Engineer/Mainland South East, Water SuppliesDepartment.(18) A connection to the Government sewer can be given and allconnection charges must be paid for as part of the project and carriedout to the satisfaction of the Chief Engineer/Mainland South, DrainageServices Department.(19) A filtered supply of fresh water from Government mainscan be given.(20) Existing water mains are affected as indicated on the attachedplan. The cost of any necessary diversion shall be borne by the project.(21)(22)(a)(b)Fresh water from Government mains shall not be usedfor flushing purposes.No water from Government mains shall be used for anyheating, cooling or humidification purpose without theprior written consent of the Director of Water Supplies.A supply of salt water can be given.(23) All materials used on the flushing system must be such as toresist the action of sea water.(24) The allocatee shall not do or permit anything to be donewithin the site that may become a nuisance or annoyance to the occupantsof nearby premises.(25) No concrete production is allowed on the site.(26) The allocatee shall not light bonfires on the site for theburning of debris or other materials.(27) The allocatee shall not install any furnace, boiler or otherplant or equipment which use any fuel that may produce air pollutantswithout the prior written consent of the Director of EnvironmentalProtection.(28) The allocatee shall not store or transport dusty materialsin an open manner without taking effective dust suppression measures.


WastecontrolDrainagereserveHeightrestrictionFencingLiaison ontaking over(29) The allocatee shall not allow any waste water to flow fromthe site or allow any waste to be deposited within the site. Theallocatee shall not discharge any waste water into any puhiic sewer,drainage or any water course or sea without the prior written consent ofthe Director of Environmental Protection.(30) No structure shall be erected within the area shown colouredpink hatched black on the attached plan; and the Chief Engineer/MainlandSouth, Drainage Services Department and his officers and workmen shallhave free access at ail times to the said area for the purpose of laying,repairing and maintaining drains, sewers and all other services across,through or under it which the Chief Engineer/Mainland South, DrainageServices Department may require or authorize.(31) No part of any structure shall exceed a height of38 metres above the Hong Kong Principal Datum*(32) Upon handover of the site to the project officer/ projectcontract©r/allocatee, immediate and continuing action should be takenagainst illegal occupation of or dumping on the site, including adequatefencing or other works and/or guarding all to the satisfaction of theDistrict Lands Officer and at the cost of the project.(33) The timing of demolition (if any) and clearance, and thetaking over of the site by the project contractor/office should becoincidental to obviate the need for any temporary protection of the siteand the project architect/contractor shall liaise with the District LandsOfficer in this respect.Information(34) The site is not within a waterworks catchment.


Annex XXIRecommended ImproyementsjoJExisting EVAsat Housing Society EstatesCommand;KName of Estate/StationAreaProsperous Garden/YMT-Commercial complexDetails/LocationPlanIRecommendedImprovements4Improvement WorksStart Date Completion Date21.7.95 28.7.95Types of recommended improvements: -1.2.3,4.5.6.7.8.9.Better control on illegal parkingTo relocate/delete allocated car parkingspaceTo reduce the size/remove the plantersTo remove metal barriers, concrete poles/toinstall crash gatesWidening /improvement onEVA/access roadTo relocate/remove temporary structuresTree triming/removal to maintain theeffective height & width of EVATo extend the existing EVA by providingnew access roadsTo display notice/signage at EVA


Recommended Improvements to Existing EVAsat Housing Society EstatesCommandName of Estate/Station AreaDetails/LocationPlanRecommendedImprovementsImprovement WorksStart Date Completion DateHKwun Lung Lau/KE1&914.7.9518.7.95Healthy Village/NP-Wong Kuk Lau & Lam CheukLau-Pak Yeung Lau & Ngan HangLaum2&42&414.7.9514.7.9522.7.9522.7.95Tanner Hill EstateIV2&414.7.9515.8.95Types of recommended improvements:-1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9.Better control on illegal parkingTo relocate/delete allocated car parkingspaceTo reduce the size/remove the plantersTo remove metal barriers, concrete poles/toinstall crash gatesWidening/improvement onEVA/access roadTo relocate/remove temporary structuresTree triming/removal to maintain theeffective height & width of EVATo extend the existing EVA by providingnew access roadsTo display notice/signage at EVA


Reeommencieci ImprovementsJtoJExjstjng EVAsat Bousing Societv EstatesCommandNTName of Estate/Station AreaClio Yin Estate/LK-Kai Hang Lau, Kai HimLau,Kai Chun Eke-Kai Min LauDetails/LocationPlanVRecommendedImprovements2Improvement WorksStart DateKIVCompletion DateKIV(being consideredby the EstateManagementOffice)314.7.9521.7.95Types of recommended improvements:-1.2,3.4.5.6.7.8.Better control on illegal parkingTo relocate/delete allocated car parkingspaceTo reduce the size/remove the plantersTo remove metal barriers, concrete poles/toinstall crash gatesWidening/improvement onEVA/access roadTo relocate/remove temporary structuresTree triming/removal to maintain theeffective height & width of EVATo extend the existing EVA by providingnew access roadsTo display notice/signage at EVA9.


Annex XXII


SCLTFSR (PG 003)(P. 1-3)Annex XXIIIT«C. 239Special ConditionsLand TransactionsFire Services RequirementsAccess for Throughout the term hereby granted ;Fire Servicesappliances 4 (a) The Tenant/Grantee/Purchaser shall at hisPersonnel own expense and to the satisfaction of theDirector of Fire Services :(i) -Provide suitable means of access forthe passage of Fire Servicesappliances and Fire Services personnelto any building or buildings,structure or structures erected orplaced or to be erected or placed onthe lot; and(ii) At all times permit such Fire ServicesPersonnel and Fire Services appliancesthe free and uninterrupted use of suchmeans of access; and(iii) Maintain such means of access and keepthe same free from obstruction*(b) The Tenant/Grantee/Purchaser shall permitthe Director of Fire Services, his officers,servants or agents at all reasonable timeswith or without notice to enter upon the lotor any part thereof or any building orbuildings, structure or structures or anypart thereof erected or placed or to beerected or placed thereon for the purpose ofinspecting the same so as to ensure that therequirements referred to in sub-clause (a)of this Special Condition have been compliedwith*Provision of The Tenant/Grantee/Purchaser shall at his ownfire service expense and to the satisfaction of the Directorinstallations of Fire Services provide fire hydrants, fireand equipment fighting appliances, water pumping connectionsand such other fire service installations andequipment (as defined in the Fire ServicesOrdinance) as the Director of Fire Services inhis sole discretion shall require within the lot(or, subject to the prior written consent andapproval of the District Lands Officer on anyadjacent or adjoining Government Land) and/orwithin any building or buildings erected or to beerected thereon at such point or points as theDirector of Fire Services may require. TheTenant/Grantee/Purchaser shall at his own expensemaintain the said fire hydrants, fire fightingappliances, water pumping connections and suchother fire service installations and equipment ingood condition and to the satisfaction of theDirector of Fire Services*


- 2 -DangerousGoodsThe Tenant/Grantee/Purchaser shall comply withall lawful requirements of the Director of FireServices made under the Dangerous GoodsOrdinance, any regulations made thereunder andany amendments thereto*The Tenant/Grantee/Purchaser shall not store orallow or buffer to be stored in or upon thePremises # any dangerous goods as defined inSection 3 of the Dangerous Goods Ordinance or anyenactment amending the same or substitutedtherefor.OffshoreIslandsThe Tenant/Grantee/Purchaser hereby acknowledgesthat due to the location of the lot whereconventional fire fighting facilities will not beavailable, additional Fire Services requirements,over and above the normal requirements generallyapplied in any other areas in Hong Kong, will inall probability be applied to the lot and anybuilding erected or to be erected thereon•Water \^^ supply The Tenant/Grantee/Purchaser shall ensure that :(i) an adequate water supply at a minimum rateof 245 cubic metres per hour will beavailable at all times for fire fightingpurposes and will be supplied by a mainsand hydrant system covering the whole lot;(ii) the said water supply is made permanentlyavailable as soon as possible and in anyevent prior to the completion andoccupation of any building on the lot takesplace.GodownIn- the event of the lot or any part thereof beingused for godown purposes, the method of storageof goods and the nature and the volume orquantity of the goods stored on the lot shall besubject to the approval of the Director of FireServices*Others The Tenant/Grantee/Purchaser shall observe andcomply- with any requirement which may be imposedby the Director of Fire Services in connectionwith the occupation and use of the said premisesby the Tenant/Grantee/Purchaser.


Layout The Tenant/Grantee/Purchaser shall before anydrawings building operations (excluding site formationworks) commence on the lot submit or cause to besubmitted by his authorised person (as defined inthe Building Ordinance) for the prior approval ofthe Director of Fire Services drawings showingthe layout, design and details of the building tobe erected on the lot in accordance with theseConditions - together with details of the categoryand quantity of dangerous goods to be storedtherein*The Applicant shall submit detailed developmentdrawings in respect of PFS to the Director ofFire Services for his approval. All works shallbe carried out in accordance with the approveddevelopment drawings and in compliance with therequirements of the Director of Fire Servicesmade under the Dangerous Goods Ordinance, anyRegulations made thereunder and any amendinglegislations.The Applicant shall also submit to the Directorof Fire Services for his approval plans andproposals for the construction of any tankage,ancillary container, pipeline or other plant, orfilling, dispensing or pumping equipment in thesubject lot for the storage of any dangerousgoods in liquid form.


to extract from'the Bong Kong. , _. •Planning Standards and Guidelines : Chsipter 5 /lT '(a)Standard Indust^^ (Figure 1)The minimum width of carriageway for the roads givingprincipal access to Industrial premises Is 13.5 m. Theminimum width of footpath on either side is 3,5 m.Hence, the overall width of the standard road will be20.5 m.(b)Secondary^AccessThe minimum width of carriageway for the roads givingsecondary access to industrial premises is 7,3 m forone-way traffic and 10*3 m for two-way traffic. Theminimum width of footpath on either side is 3.5 m.Hence, the overall road widths for one-way traffic andtwo-way traffic will be 14*3 m and 17•3 m respectively.Parking and Loading/Unloading Requirements in Industrial Areas(A) General Parking Requirement^8«1 The general guidelines for the assessment of parking andloading/unloading requirements in industrial buildings/areasare given in Chapter 8, Hong Kong Planning Standards andGuidelines•(B) The Concept of Communal Parking (Figure 2)8.2 Up to now, the necessary parking and loading/unloading spacesin industrial areas are provided within factory buildings. Inview of the general shortage of ground floor space inindustrial buildings for industrial purposes after meeting therequirement for parking, loading and unloading of vehicles, itis suggested that parking may better be carried out outside theindustrial building in *a way that will not cause trafficcongestion. The concept of communal parking is thusrecommended for new industrial areas• The communal parkingscheme will only work in new industrial areas of a certain sizewithout major physical restructuring. It cannot be applied to5.13


Headquarters Pol^cv_Instruction No. 37Annex XXVDate issued ": 22.9-1982Date Revised: 20.6.1995Source ofTtutborisation(6) in L/M inFSD 1/501/63 II,M-25 in FPB 6/83and M.7 inFSD 2/130/90Subject Group SubtitleAccess for Fire Appliances1. Introduction1.1 There is a need to establish a DepartmentalPolicy with regard to access for fireappliances to developments andredevelopments of properties f and toidentify areas which should be dealt withby Fire Services Headquarters PlanningGroup and the Fire Protection Bureau,1.2 In this connection, basically FSHQ PlanningGroup will be responsible for formulatingrequirements in respect of external accessto developments in virgin areas whilst FireProtection Bureau will be responsible todeal with all redevelopments, with orwithout a change in lease condition whereinFire Services requirements can beincorporated.All FSHQ OfficersAll CF0s 3 DCF0s ?CAO ? SACAQ,ACAOsCTSAll SDQs/DOs,Supt(Amb)sAll StnCs/DeptsSecyDDS(FiE)•DDS(PiG)ASs2. Part I - Access to developments in virgin areas2.1 The minimum criteria are as follows :•2.1.1 For industrial lots, the standardsspecified in the "Minimum StandardIndustrial Access Roads" as laiddown in the Hong Kong PlanningStandards and Guidelines should beadopted,2.1.2 For occupancies where there arestatutory access requirements, suchas Cinemas and Theatres, theprovisions of the legislation willbe adopted.2.1.3 "Emergency access will not normallybe required for domestic buildingsof 3-storey or below, unless theyform part of a major developmentventure, in which case access for apumping appliance to reach with oneunimpeded 30 m hose length of anybuilding on the lot must beprovided•"IA.S. Nov 129/1


» 2 -Source ofAuthorisationSubject Group Subtitle2.1.4 "In case of all other types ofoccupancy, direct access for fireappliances must be available to atleast one principal face of each andevery building with the exception ofspecial developments in remote areaswith minimal life/fire risk such asmicrowave transmitter station, beachhouses etc. which can be subject tospecial consideration-"2.1.5 Access roads should normally be notless than the minimum standard of aroad/street, i.e. 7.3 m. For areaswhere no purpose built roads aredesigned, emergency access lanes ofnot less than 6 m wide must beprovided. If there is any overheadstructure, a clear headroom of notless than 4.5 m must be maintained.2.1.6 The following figures of the largestfire appliance (50 m TL) should betaken as a standard :I 3,2.1.7WeightTurning circleLength20 tonnes22 metres11.35 metresThe designed gradient of a ramp onan access road should not exceed 1in 10, especially when it leaves thehorizontal plane, but this may beincreased to a maximum of 1 in 6after leaving the horizontal plane.Part II « Access to redevelopment areas with orwithout a change in lease condition3.1 The minimum criteria are as follows ;-3.1-1 Commercial Buildings -.Low .and HighRiseDirect vehicular access for FireServices appliances must be providedto a major face of the building.The street or road serving suchmajor face of the building shallhave a minimum carriageway widthof 6 m to permit the efficientmanoeuvring of Fire Servicesappliances for rescue and firefighting purposes. A.S. No. 129/2


- 3 -Source ofAuthorisationSubject Group Subtitle3-1.2 Domestic Bui storeysin jieight)_3,1.2.1 Buildings _ __seryed by onestaircaseDirect vehicular access forFire Services appliancesmust be provided to a majorface of the building. Thestreet or road serving suchmajor face of the buildingshall have a minimumcarriageway width of 6 m topermit the efficientmanoeuvring of FireServices appliances forrescue purposes. Providedthis shall not apply totemporary buildings anddwelling houses foroccupancy by one family.3.1.2.2 Buildings served _ by two ormore staircasesA pumping applianceposition within oneunimpeded 30 m hose lengthof the Fire ServiceInstallations(FSI).Inlet/s must be provided,jbut this can be varied!within reason by thejapproving officer to takeaccount of specialfeatures.Domestic Buildings - High .RiseA . pumping appliance position within:one unimpeded 30 m hose length of!the Fire Service Installations(FSI). Inlet/s must be provided,but this can be varied within reason!by the approving officer to take'account of special features.DistributionA.S. No. 129/3


Source ofAuthorisationSubject Group Subtitle3.1.4 Hotels ~ Low and High RiseDirect vehicular access for FireServices appliances must be providedto a major face of the building.The street or road serving suchmajor face of the building shallhave a minimum carriageway width of6 m to permit the efficientmanoeuvring of Fire Servicesappliances for rescue and firefighting purposes.3.1.5 Institutional Buildings - Low andHigh RiseAs for 3.1.4,3.1.6 Places of Public Entertainmentwithin a Low Rise Building3.1.6.1 Cinemas and TheatresDirect vehicular access forFire Services appliancesmust be provided inaccordance with theprovisions in Places ofPublicEntertainmentOrdinance and SubsidiaryLegislation, Chapter 172.3.1.6.2 Other Places of PublicResortAs for 3.1.4.3.1.7 Places of Public Entertainmentwithin a High Rise Building3.1.7.1 Cinemas and TheatresDirect vehicular access forFire Services appliancesmust be provided inaccordance with theprovisions in Places ofPublicEntertainmentOrdinance and SubsidiaryLegislation, Chapter 172.Distribution!A.S. No. 129/4


«. 5 a *Source ofAuthorisationSubject Group Subtitle3.1.7.2 Other Places of PublicResortAs for 3.1.M.3.1 *8 _Ship_ya_rds (encompassing a _site areaof more than 2300 _mEach case shall be subject toindividual consideration.3,1.9 Composite BuildingsDistributionRequirements shall be determined bythe maximum requirement of anyparticular type of usage as definedin the relevant paragraphs of thisPolicy Instruction,, However,buildings described in paragraph3 • 1 • 9 • 1 below will be regarded asdomestic buildings, and accessrequirements will be as stated for"Domestic Buildings » High Rise 11 ,paragraph 3.1.3 refers.3.1.9.1 Buildings served by two ormore staircases with lowestfloor/s as carparks andused exclusively byresidents and all upperfloors used as domestic.3.1,10 Industrial-Office, Industrial and iGodown Buildings - Low and High Rise3.1.10.1 Vehicular access forvarious building site areaswill be as set out in the jdiagram attached to this jPolicy Instruction.jj• 3•1• 11 Gradient and Ramp RequirementsIAny gradient or ramp on access roadsdelineated for Fire Services \appliance use should not exceed 1:10 |when leaving the horizontal plane.The gradient may be increasedthereafter to a maximum of 1:6.;A.S. No. 129/5


- 6 -Source ofAuthorisationM.23 4 M.24,Encl. (47) & (48)in FPB/311/11 IIAccess GenerallySubject Group Subtitle4.1 The subject of access for Fire Applianceshas been discussed with Crown Counsel,Messrs. Clancy and Evans. They haveadvised that the Fire Services Ordinance(Cap. 95), Part I, "Interpretation of FireServices Installation or Equipment" meansinstallation or equipment manufactured,used or designed to be used for thepurposes of :-4.1.1 extinguishing, attacking, preventingor limiting a fire;4.1.2 giving warning of a fire;4.1.3 providing access to any premises orplace for the purpose ofextinguishing, attacking, preventingor limiting a fire;cannot be cited as grounds to decline issueof a Certificate to the Building Authorityas per Section 16 of the BuildingsOrdinance. .4.2 Accordingly, any and all plans receivedjmust be dealt with only in terms of the |requirements of Section 16 of the Buildings!Ordinance with regard to the issue of a jCertificate (FSI & equipment in accordancewi^k current code of practice).4.3 With regard to problems of access to the'premises we will still examine same and jsatisfy ourselves that they are compatible jand adequate with regard to the structure. !4.4In the event that the provision of jemergency vehicular access for iredevelopment of domestic or commercial or jcombination of domestic and commercial usecannot meet the requirements at paragraphs3.1.1, 3.1.2 and 3.1.3 above due to jtopographical constraints along stepped jstreet or similar situations, we will !inform both the Authorized Person, when !formulating the FS requirements (letter), jand BD (Memo) in writing that :~iDistribution4,4.1 the provision of EVA cannot meet thecriteria as stipulated in FSDCircular Letter, and A.S. No. 129/6


- 7 -Source ofAuthorisationSubject Group Subtitle4.4.2 additional FSI requirements areformulated to enhance the firesafety standard of the building inpursuance of paragraph 1.3 of thecurrent Code of Practice for MinimumFire Service Installations andEquipment.Should the redevelopment result in abuilding differing in height, design, typeor intended use from buildings previouslyexisting on the same site, it will bebrought to the attention of the BuildingsDepartment via the same memo mentionedabove.4.5 For redevelopments of comparatively higherfire and/or life risk, i.e. those referredto in para. 3.1.4 to 3.1.10, the provisionof emergency access shall be as specifiedtherein. However, if the processingofficer consider^ that there arecircumstances justifying individualconsideration, he should make hisrecommendations accordingly.4.6 Underground developments within private lot)boundaries are not uncommon in Hong Kong.There are however, some types ofunderground developments, such as shoppingand carparking, which extend beyond privatelot boundaries into areas beneath publicroads or other Government land- Under thecircumstances, it seems rather difficult toidentify whether these type and nature ofunderground developments are in 'virgin 1 or'redevelopment 1 areas. With a view todemarcating the area of responsibilities,Fire Protection Bureau will be responsiblefor dealing with all undergrounddevelopment of commercial facilitiesextending beyond private land.Notwithstanding this, Fire ServicesHeadquarters Planning Group should beconsulted on access and water supplieswhenever necessary.5. InterpretationDistribution5.1 "Commercial Building" means a building usedwholly or in part for the purpose of thefollowing ':-A.S. No. 129/7


- 8 -Source ofAuthorisationSubject Group Subtitle5.1.1 Banks;5.1.2 Garages and carparks run as acommercial enterprise not carrepairing;5.1.3 Offices;5.1.4 Restaurants;5.1.5 Shops,5.2 "Composite Building" means a building whichis a combination of domestic buildings,commercial buildings, institutionalbuildings, hotels, places of publicassembly but specifically excludingindustrial and godown buildings and specialand other risks.5.3 "Domestic Building" means a building usedsolely for the purpose of habitation (mayhave residential car ports/parks on lowerfloor/s).5.4 "High Rise Building" means a building inwhich the floor of the uppermost storey isat a height of 30 m or more above a pointof discharge of a staircase to a place ofultimate safety.5.5 "Hotel" means a building used wholly or inpart primarily for the purposes ofaccommodation on a commercial basis.5.6 "Industrial Building" means a building usedwholly or in part in any process for orincidental to any of the followingpurposes, namely :.-5.6.1 the making of any article or part ofany article; or5.6.2 the altering, repairing,ornamenting, finishing, cleaning orwashing or breaking up or demolitionof any article; orDistribution5.6.3 the adapting for sale of any articlebeing a building in which work iscarried out by way of trade or forpurposes of gain.A.S. No. 129/8


Source ofAuthorisationSubject Group Subtitle5.7 "Institutional Building" means a buildingused wholly or in part for the purposes ofthe following :-5*7.1 Club premises;5,7,2 ' Educational establishments;5.7.3" Hostels;Distribution5*7* ^ Hospitals includinginstitutions and clinics;mental5-7.5 Prisons and" similar correctiveinstructions.5.8 "Low Rise Building" means a building inwhich the floor of the uppermost storey isless than 30 m above a point of dischargeof a staircase to a place of ultimatesafety•5.9 "Place of Ultimate Safety" means a streetor any open area having unobstructedaccess, not less in width than the totalrequired width of exit routes discharginginto such an area, to a street. Whereprivate service lanes and private streetsform a place of ultimate safety or a partthereof, these will not be accepted unlessit can be shown that they are not builtupon or otherwise obstructed any theirintegrity will at all times be maintainedto the satisfaction of the BuildingAuthority.(LAM Chek-^uZn)DirectorA.S. Mo. 129/9


LARGE SITEStOVEM I SS0m*}MEDIUM SITESuse~i1SMALL SITESllSS-nOm* IVERY SMALL SITESI J3S~3iS«» S |WIN. STANDARD FOK IMOUStlHAL ROADSC(VIMG SECONDARY ACCESS 10 PREMISESU 1 m — ONE —WAY11'!*-ftWO-WAyIRAFFiCX1osK5K•I•DOVERItSmlimNOIE : tOI OEFfHt IN HILAflOK fO ROAO STAHOAROS IHOULOfAKi INIO ACCOUMf riRE lAFEtf REQUIREMENTS ANDSH0U10 HO! if fXCtCDEO CXCEPI IK CONSULIAIiONWttH IHE flM SERVICES OEPARfMEHTPLAHHIMO D€I»AH1M£H1MINIMUM STANDARD INDUSTRIAL ACCESS ROADSNOT TO SCALEPLANNING DEPARTMENT


AnnexXXVITfire 'Protie'ccionTBoreaurProjects Division Policy Instruction Enclosure No. 67ource ofleferenceAccess for Fire Appliances1.60 in?PB 311/111.25 in? PB 6/831. Introduction1.1 There is a need to establish a Departmental Policy with regardto access for fire appliances to developments and redevelopmentsof properties, and to identify areas which should be dealt withby Fire Services Headquarters Planning Group and the FireProtection Bureau.1.2 In this connection, basically FSHQ Planning Group will beresponsible for formulating requirements in respect of externalaccess to developments in virgin areas whilst Fire ProtectionBureau will be responsible to deal with all redevelopments, withor without a change in lease condition wherein Fire Servicesrequirements can be incorporated.2. Part I - Access to developments in virgin areas2.1 The minimum criteria are as follows :-2.1.1 For industrial lots, the standards specified in the"Minimum Standard Industrial Access Roads" as laid downin the Hong Kong Planning Standards and Guidelinesshould be adopted.2.1.2 For occupancies where there are statutory accessrequirements, such as Cinemas and Theatres, theprovisions of the legislation will be adopted.2.1.3' Emergency access will not normally be required fordomestic buildings of 3-storey or below, unless theyform part of a major development venture, in which caseaccess for a pumping appliance to reach | with oneunimpeded 30 m hose length of any building on the lotmust be provided.2.1.4 In case of all other types of occupancy, direct accessfor fire appliances must be available to at least oneprincipal face of each and every building with theexception of special developments in remote areas withminimal life/fire risk such as microwave transmitterstation, beach houses, etc. which can be subject tcspecial consideration. :/P.2


- 2 -Source ofReferenceAccess for Fire Appliances2,1.5 Access roads should normally be not less than theminimum standard of a road/street, i.e. 7*3 m. Forareas where no purpose built roads are designed,emergency access lanes of not less than 6 m wide must beprovided. If there is any overhead structure, a clearheadroom of not less than 4.5 m must be maintained.2.1.6 The following figures of the largest fire(50 m TL) should be taken as a standard :-applianceWeightTurning circleLength20 tonnes22 metres11.35 metres2.1 • 7 The designed gradient of a ramp on an access road shouldnot exceed 1 in 10, especially when it leaves thehorizontal plane, but this may be increased to a maximumof 1 in 6 after leaving the horizontal plane.3. Part II - Access to redevelopment areas with or withouta change in lease condition3.1 The minimum criteria are as follows :-3.1.1 Commercial Buildings - Low and High RiseDirect vehicular access for Fire Services appliancesmust be provided to a major face of the building. Thestreet or road serving such major face of the buildingshall have a minimum carriageway width of 6.0 m topermit the efficient manoeuvring of Fire Servicesappliances for rescue and fire fighting purposes*3.1.2 Domestic Buildings (over 3 storeys in height)3.1.2.1 Buildings servedby one staircaseDirect vehicular access for Fire Servicesappliances must be provided to a major face ofthe building. The street or road serving suchmajor face of the building shall have aminimum carriageway width of 6.0 ra to permitthe efficient manoauvring of Fire Servicesappliances for rescue purposes. Provided thisshall not apply to temporary buildings anddwelling houses for occupancy by one family./P.3-


- 3 -Source ofReferenceAccess for Fire Appliances3.1*2.2 Buildings served by two or more staircasesA pumping appliance position within oneunimpeded 30 m hose length of the Fire ServiceInstallation (F.S.I.) Inlet/s must beprovided, but this can be varied within reasonby the approving officer to take account ofspecial features,3.1.3 Domestic Buildings - High RiseA pumping appliance position within one unimpeded 30 mhose length of the Fire Service Installation (F.S.I,)Inlet/s must be provided, but this can be varied withinreason by the approving officer to take account ofspecial features.3.1.4 Hotels - Low and High RiseDirect vehicular access for Fire Services appliancesmust be provided to a major face of the building. Thestreet or road serving such major face of the'buildingshall have a minimum carriageway width of 6.0 m topermit the efficient manoeurving of Fire Servicesappliances for rescue and fire fighting purposes.3.1.5 Institutional buildings - Low and High RiseAs for 3.1.4.3.1.6 Places of Public Entertainment within a Low RiseBuilding3.1.6.1 C i n ema sand The a t r e sDirect vehicular access for Fire Servicesappliances must be provided in accordance withthe provisions in Places of PublicEntertainment Ordinance and SubsidiaryLegislation, Chapter 172.3.1.6.2 Other Places of Public ResortAs for 3.1.4./P.4....


Source ofReferenceAccess for Fire Appliances3-1.7 Places of Public Entertainment with a High Rise Building3.1.7.1 Cinemas and TheatresDirect vehicular access for Fire Servicesappliances must be provided in accordance withthe provisions in Places of PublicEntertainment Ordinance and . SubsidiaryLegislation, Chapter 172. j3-1-7.2 Other Places of Public ResortAs for 3.1.4.3.1.8 Shipyards (encompassing a site area of more than17300 m^) [Each case shall be subject to individual consideration.3.1.9 Composite BuildingsRequirements shall be determined by the maximumrequirement of any particular type of usage as definedin the relevant paragraphs of this Policy Instruction.However, buildings described in paragraph 3.1.9.1 belowwill be regarded as domestic buildings, and accessrequirements will be as stated for "Domestic Buildings -High Rise 11 , paragraph 3.1.3 refers.3.1.9.1 Buildings served by two or more staircaseswith lowest floor/s as carparks and usedexclusively by residents and all upper floorsused as domestic.3.1.10 Industrial-Office, Industrial and Godown Buildings - Low(and High RiseVehicular access for various buildings site areas willbe as set out in the diagram attached to ! this PolicyInstruction.3.1.11 Gradient and Ramp RequirementsAny gradient or ramp on access roads delineated for FireServices appliance use should not exceed 1:10 whenleaving the horizontal plane. The gradient may beincreased thereafter to a maximum of 1:6./P.5,


- 5 -Source ofReferenceAccess for Fire Appliances4. Access Generally4.1 The subject of access for Fire Appliances has been discussedwith Crown Counsel, Messrs, Clancy and Evans. They have advisedthat the Fire Services Ordinance (Cap. 95), Part I,"Interpretation of Fire Services Installation or Equipment 11means any installation or equipment manufactured, used ordesigned to be used for the purposes of :-4.1.1 extinguishing, attacking, preventing or limiting a fire;4.1.2 giving warning of a fire;4-1.3 providing access to any premises or place for thepurpose of extinguishing, attacking, preventing orlimiting a fire;cannot be cited as grounds to decline issue of a Certificate tothe Building Authority as per Section 16 of the BuildingsOrdinance.4.2 Accordingly, any and all plans received must be dealt with onlyin terms of the requirements of Section 16 of the BuildingsOrdinance with regard to the issue of a Certificate (F.S.I. &equipment in accordance with current code of practice.)4.3 With regard to problems of access to the premises we will stillexamine same and satisfy ourselves that they are compatible andadequate with regard to the structure,M.23 & M.24in FPB/311/11II(47) & (48)in FPB/311/114.4 In the event that the provision of emergency vehicular accessfor redevelopment of domestic or commercial or combination ofdomestic and commercial use cannot meet the requirements atparagraphs 3.1.1, 3.1.2 and 3.1.3 above due to topographicalconstraints along stepped street or similar situations, we willinform both the Authorized Person, when formulating the F.S.requirements (letter), and B-D. (memo) in writing that :-4.4.1 the provision of EVA cannot meet the criteria asstipulated in FSD Circular Letter, and4.4.2 additional F.S.I, requirements are formulated to enhancethe fire safety standard of the building in pursuance ofparagraph 1.3 of the current Code of Practice forMinimum Fire Service Installations and Equipment*Should the redevelopment result in a building differing inheight, design, type or intended use from buildings previouslyexisting on the same site, it will be brought to the attentionof the Buildings Department via the same memo mentioned above./P • o. •»•


- 6 -Source ofReferenceAccess for Fire Appliances4.5 For redevelopments of comparatively higher fire and/or life risk, i.e. those referred to in para. 3.1.4 to 3.1.10, the provisionof emergency access shall be as specified therein. However, ifthe processing officer considers that there are circumstancesjustifying individual consideration, he should make hisrecommendations accordingly.4.6 Underground development within private lot boundaries are notuncommon in Hong Kong. There are however, some types ofunderground developments, such as shopping and carparking, whichextend beyond private lot boundaries into areas beneath publicroads or other Government land. Under the circumstances, itseems rather difficult to identify whether these type and natureof underground developments are in 'virgin' or 'redevelopment*areas. With a view to demarcating the areas ofresponsibilities, Fire Protection Bureau will be responsible for(dealing with all underground development of commercialfacilities extending beyond private land* Notwithstanding this,Fire Services Headquarters Planning Group should be consulted onaccess and water supplies whenever necessary.5. Interpretation5.1 "Commercial Building 11 means a building used wholly or in partfor the purpose of the following :-5.1.1 Banks;5.1.2 Garages and carparks run as a commercial enterprise notcar repairing;5.1.3 Offices;5.1.4 Restaurants;5.1-5 Shops.5.2 "Composite Building" means a building which is a combination ofdomestic buildings, commercial buildings, institutionalbuildings, hotels, places of public assembly but specificallyexcluding industrial and godown buildings and special and otherrisks.5«3 "Domestic Building" means a building used solely for the purposeof habitation (may have residential car ports/parks on lowerfloor/s)5-4 "High Rise Building" means a building in which the floor of theuppermost storey is at a height of 30 m or more above a point ofdischarge of a staircase to a place of ultimate safety.5.5 "Hotel 11 means a building used wholly or in part primarily forthe purposes of accommodation on a commercial basis./P. 7 ...


- 7 -Source ofReferenceAccess for Fire Appliances5 06 ^Industrial Building 11 means a building used wholly or in part inany process for o^ incidental to any of the following purposes,namely :-5*6.1 the making of any article or part of any article; or5.6.2 the altering s repairing, ornamenting, finishing,cleaning or washing or breaking up or demolition of anyarticle; or5*6,3 the adapting for sale of any article being a building inwhich work is carried out by way' of trade or forpurposes of gain,5.7 "Institutional Building 11 means a building used wholly or in partfor the purposes of the following :-5.7*1 Club premises;5*7.2 Educational establishments;5.7.3 Hostels;5.7.4 Hospitals including mental institutions and clinics;5.7.5 Prisons and similar corrective institutions*5.85.9ff Low Rise Building 1 * means a building in which the floor of theupper most storey is less than 30 m above a point of dischargeof a staircase to a place of ultimate safety,!t Place of Ultimate Safety 11 means a street or any open areahaving unobstructed access, not less in width than the totalrequired width of exit routes discharging into such an area, toa street. Where private service lanes and private streets forma place of ultimate safety or a part thereof, these will not beaccepted unless it can be shown that they are not built upon orotherwise obstructed and their integrity will at all times bemaintained to the satisfaction of the Building Authority.6. This revised policy instruction replaces the existinginstruction No. 67 on this subject, which is now to be removed anddestroyed.g-yu)ficer (P)10.6.75 (Original)17.6.76 (1st Revision)10.4.80 (2nd Revision)5.11.82 (3rd Revision)5*12.83 (4th Revision)30.12*94 (5th Revision)


Annex XXVII& Our Ref.:Your Ref.:mFpB 314/07 IIIFIRE SERVICES DEPARTMENT,FIRE PROTECTION BUREAU,FSRE SERVICES HEADQUARTERS BUILDING,No. 1 Hong Chong Road,Tsim Sha Tsui East, Kowloon,Hong Kong.Fax: 852-723 21975 Tel. No.: 2733 7744(24 Hours)24 April 1995To : Authorised PersonsRegistered F.S.I. ContractorsRegistered Ventilation ContractorsElectrical & Mechanical ConsultantsFire Insurance Association of H.K«The Association of RegisteredF.S.I. Contractors of H.K.Structural Division, H.K.I.E.Power CompaniesPetroleum CompaniesThe H.K. & China Gas Co. Ltd.Registered Lift & EscalatorContractorsThe Lift & Escalator ContractorsAssociationHong Kong Telecom Company Ltd.Director of Architectural ServicesDirector of BuildingsHong Kong Construction AssociationDear Sirs,FSD Circular Letter No. 2/95Access for Fire Appliances andCompatibility of OccupancyPlease be informed that the existing 'Access for Fire Appliances 1and 'Compatibility of Occupancy' as stipulated in Pages X.5 to X.9 and PagesX.10 to X.ll respectively of FSD Circular Letter No. 1/87 dated 24.11.1986 areto be replaced by the attached revised version.Your attention is drawn to the following :-(I)Access for Fire AppliancesPageX.5X.8X.8Paragraph5.1. .15.2. .105.3. .3AmendmentThe name of the publication has been amended toread "Hong Kong Planning Standards andGuidelines 1 ;'Industrial-Office 1has been added; and'ground floor' has been replaced by 'lowerfloor/s f .(II) Compatibility of Occupancyjpage Occupancy AmendmentX.10 Industrial Item (i), the conditions under which offices arepermitted in industrial buildings have beenspecified.Ref, number and date should be quoted in reference to this letter7P.2


- 2 -(II) Compatibility of OccupancyPageOccupancyAmendmentX.10 IndustrialItem (iii) & (v), the notes in brackets have beenrenumbered in an orderly manner;Item (vi) , the restriction on floor area of anelectrical shop has been removed; andItem (vii), the restriction on floor area of alocal provisions store has been removed.X.10 CompositeIndustrial-Office buildingA new type of occupancy for composite Industrial-Office building has been added.Page Notes AmendmentX.ll Items (iv), The items have been rearranged to tally with the(v) & (vi) renumbering of notes in brackets above.Items (vii)& (viii)Subsequent to the removal of restriction on floorarea above, dimension of the floor area has beendeleted accordingly.Yours faithfully,-yu)ire Services


X.55 # Access for Fire AppliancesRequirements in respect of access for fire appliances todevelopments and redevelopments of properties are contained in theparagraphs below. Part I deals with access to developments in virginareas while Part II deals with access to properties under redevelopmentwith or without a change in lease condition.5.1 Part I - Access to developments in virgin areasThe minimum criteria are as follows :-5.1.1 For industrial lots, the standards specified inthe "Minimum Standard Industrial Access Roads" aslaid down in the Hong Kong Planning Standards andGuidelines should be adopted.5.1.2 For occupancies where there are statutory accessrequirements, such as Cinemas and Theatres, theprovisions of the legislation will be adopted.5.1.3 Emergency access will not normally be requiredfor domestic buildings of 3-storey or below,unless they form part of a major developmentventure, in which case access for a pumpingappliance to reach with one unimpeded 30 m hoselength of any building on the lot must beprovided.5.1.4 In case of all other types of occupancy, directaccess for fire appliances must be available toat least one principal face of each and everybuilding with the exception of specialdevelopments in remote areas with minimallife/fire risk such as microwave transmitterstation, beach houses, etc. which can be subjectto special consideration.5.1.5 Access roads should normally be not less than theminimum standard of a road/street, i.e. 7.3 m.For areas where no purpose built roads aredesigned, emergency access lanes of not less than6 m wide must be provided. If there is anyoverhead structure, a clear headroom of not lessthan 4.5 m must be maintained.5.1.6 The following figures of the largest fireappliance (50 m TL) should be taken as astandard :-WeightTurning circleLength20 tonnes22 metres11.35 metresDate : 24 April 1995for Director of/Kre Services


X.65*1.7 The designed gradient of a ramp on an access roadshould not exceed 1 in 10, especially when itleaves the horizontal plane s but this may beincreased to a maximum of 1 in 6 after leavingthe horizontal plane.5.2 Part II - Access to redevelopment areas with or withouta c^an g e ^n \ ease conditionThe minimum criteria are as follows :-5.2.1 Commercial Buildings - Low and High RiseDirect vehicular access for Fire Servicesappliances must be provided to a major face ofthe building* The street or road serving suchmajor face of the building shall have a minimumcarriageway width of 6.0 m to permit theefficient manoeuvring of Fire Services appliancesfor rescue and fire fighting purposes.5.2.2 Domestic Buildings (over 3 storeys in height)5.2.2 (a) Buildings served by one staircaseDirect vehicular access for FireServices appliances must be providedto a major face of the building. Thestreet or road serving such majorface of the building shall have aminimum carriageway width of 6.0 m topermit the efficient manoeuvring ofFire Services appliances for rescuepurposes. Provided this shall notapply to temporary buildings anddwelling houses for occupancy by onefamily.5.2.2 (b) Buildings served by two or morestaircasesA pumping appliance position withinone unimpeded 30 m hose length of theFire Service Installation (F.S.I.)Inlet/s must be provided, but thiscan be varied within reason by theapproving officer to take account oj^special features.5.2.3 Domestic Buildings - High RiseA pumping appliance position within one unimpeded30 m hose length of the Fire Service Installation(F.S.I.) Inlet/s must be provided, but this canbe varied within reason by the approving officerto take account of special features.Date : 24 April 1995yu)Services


X.75.2*4 Hotels - Low and High RiseDirect vehicular access for Fire Servicesappliances must be provided to a major face ofthe building. The street or road serving suchmajor face of the building shall have a minimumcarriageway width of 6.0 m to permit theefficient manoeuvring of Fire Services appliancesfor rescue and fire fighting purposes,5.2.5 Institutional buildings - Low and High RiseAs for 5*2.4.5.2.6 Places of Public Entertainment within a Low RiseBuilding5.2.6 (a) Cinemas and TheatresDirect vehicular access for FireServices appliances must be providedin accordance with the provisions inPlaces of Public EntertainmentOrdinance and Subsidiary Legislation,Chapter 172.5.2.6 (b) Other Places of Public ResortAs for 5.2.4.5.2.7 Places of Public Entertainment with a High RiseBuilding5.2.7 (a) Cinemas and TheatresDirect vehicular access for FireServices appliances must be providedin accordance with the provisions inPlaces of Public EntertainmentOrdinance and Subsidiary Legislation,Chapter 172.5.2.7 (b) Other Places of Public ResortAs for 5.2.4.5.2.8 Shipyards (encompassing a site area of more than2,300 mg)_Each case shall be subject to individualconsideration.fire ServicesDate : 24 April 1995


X.85.3 Interpretation5.2.9 Composite BuildingsRequirements shall be determined by the maximumrequirement of any particular type of usage asdefined in the relevant paragraphs of thisCircular Letter. However, buildings described inparagraph 5.2.9(a) below will be regarded asdomestic buildings, and access requirements willbe as stated for "Domestic Buildings - HighRise 11 , paragraph 5.2.3 refers.5.2.9 (a) Buildings served by two or morestaircases with lowest floor/s ascarparks and used exclusively byresidents and all upper floors usedas domestic,5.2.10 Industrial-Office, Industrial and GodownBuildings - Low and High RiseVehicular access for various buildings site areaswill be as set out on the diagram at Appendix X.A5.2.11 Gradient and Ramp RequirementsAny gradient or ramp on access roads delineatedfor Fire Services appliance use should not exceed1:10 when leaving the horizontal plane. Thegradient may be increased thereafter to a maximumof 1:6.5.3.1 "Commercial Building" means a building used wholly or inpart for the purpose of the following :-5.3.1 (a) Banks;5.3.1 (b) Garages and carparks run as a commercialenterprise not car repairing;5.3.1 (c) Offices;5.3.1 (d) Restaurants;5.3.1 (e) Shops.5.3.2 "Composite Building" means a building which is acombination of domestic buildings, commercial buildings,institutional buildings, hotels, places of public assemblybut specifically excluding industrial and godown buildingsand special and other risks.f.5.3.3 "Domestic Building" means a building used solely for thepurpose of habitation (may have residential car ports/parkson lower floor/s)Date : 24 April 1995Kwomg-yu)forTJtreTtor of tike Services


LARGE SITESMEDIUM SITESSMALL SITESVERY SMALL SITES(OVER 1 tlOmZ){ IIS - 75Qm* |( 22S-llSm 2 \MtN. STANDARD FOR INDUSTRIAL ROAOSGIVING SECONOARY ACCESS TO PREMISESwU J m—ONE—WAY TRAFFIC17 )m- IWO-WAY IRAFFIC~7 }m-OHE-WAY IRAFFlC~10-3m- TWO-WAY TRAFFICJ90m[ MJ0-5m — (I OmNOTE : LOT DEPTHS IN RELATION TO ROAD STANOAROS SHOULDTAKE INTO ACCOUNT FIRE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS AHOSHOUtO MOT SE EXCEEDED EXCEPT IN CONSULTATIONWITH tHE FIRE SERVICES DEPARTMENT.CDNOT TO SCALEPLANNING DEPARTMENTMINIMUM STANDARD INDUSTRIAL ACCESS ROADSPLANNING DEPARTMENTFILE WtF M*. 60J/COP


X.95.3.4 "High Rise Building 11 means a building in which the floor ofthe uppermost storey is at a height of 30 m or more above apoint of discharge of a staircase to a place of ultimatesafety.5.3.5 "Hotel 11 means a building used wholly or in part primarilyfor the purposes of accommodation on a commercial basis.5.3.6 "Industrial Building 11 means a building used wholly or inpart in any process for or incidental to any of thefollowing purposesj namely :-5.3.6 (a) the making of any article or part of any article;or5.3.6 (b) the altering, repairing, ornamenting, finishing,cleaning or washing or breaking up or demolitionof any article; or5.3.6 (c) the adapting for sale of any article being abuilding in which work is carried out by way oftrade or for purposes of gain.5.3.7 "Institutional Building" means a building used wholly or inpart for the purposes of the following :-5.3.7 (a) Club premises;5.3.7 (b) Educational establishments;5.3.7 (c) Hostels;5.3.7 (d) Hospitals including mental institutions andclinics;5.3.7 (e) Prisons and similar corrective institutions,5.3.8 "Low Rise Building" means a building in which the floor ofthe upper most storey is less than 30 m above a point ofdischarge of a staircase to a place of ultimate safety.5.3.9 "Place of Ultimate Safety" means a street or any open areahaving unobstructed access, not less in width than thetotal required width of exit routes discharging into suchan area, to a street• Where private service lanes andprivate streets form a place of ultimate safety or a partthereof, these will not be accepted unless it can be shownthat they are not built upon or otherwise obstructed andtheir integrity will at all times be maintained to thesatisfaction of the Building Authority*ServicesDate : 24 April 1995


COMPATIBILITY OF OCCUPANCYX. 10Compatibility of Occupancy ChartOccupancyIndustrial(As defined in Sect.2Factories andIndustrialUndertakingsOrdinance Cap* 59)Composite Industrial -Office BuildingDomestic Building(As defined inSection 2 ofBuildings Ordinance,Cap. 123)Non-PermittedAll other occupancies with the exception of:-(i) offices which do not attract unreasonably largenumber of persons who could be exposed to riskswhich they would neither be aware of norprepared to face. These persons include theold, infirm, children and those whose nature ofwork is unrelated to the activities in thebuildings but exclude regular office workers;(ii) car parking facilities for benefit of employeesor on commercial basis;(iii) bank use on ground/first floor of an industrialbuilding (See note (v));(iv) workers/staff canteens;(v) fast food counters (See note (vi));(vi) Electrical Shop (See note (vii));(vii) Local Provisions Store (See note (viii) ;(viii) Manufacturing/building materials; auto partssupplies;(ix) Showroom in connection with the main industrialuse.Same as those specified for an industrialbuilding described above. However, moreextensive commercial developments can be allowedin the low zone if such developments arecompletely separated from the 1-0 portion by abuffer of non-hazardous occupancy, such as acarparking floor. There shall be no restrictionas to the type and extent of the commercialportion/activities.Industrial (Building Services Excepted):-Occupancies as covered by Regulation 49 of theBuilding (Planning) Regulations, Cap. 123.Buildings with single staircases to be treated ascovered by para. 6(2)(b) of the Code of Practiceon Provision of Means of Escape in Case of Fireand Allied Requirements.re ServicesDate : 24 April 1995


X. 11Compatibility of Occupancy ChartOccupancyComposite Building(As defined inSection 2 ofBuildings Ordinance,Cap. 123)Domestic and CompositeBuildings Containing aCinema or Theatre(PPE Regulations willapply)Non-PermittedIndustrial (Building Services Excepted):-Occupancies as covered by Regulation 49 of theBuilding (Planning) Regulations, Cap 123.Buildings with single staircases to be treated ascovered by para. 6(2)(b) of the Code of Practiceon Provision of Means of Escape in Case of Fireand Allied Requirements.Industrial (Building Services Excepted):-Occupancies as covered by Regulation 49 of theBuilding (Planning) Regulations, Cap, 123.Schools.Child Care Centres.Purpose BuiltInstitutional Building(e.g. School,Hospital,Church, etc*)All other occupancies with the exception of thoseancillary to the particular Institution.Notes (i) FRP requirements to comply with Part XV of the Building(Construction) Regulations, Cap. 123.(ii) Dangerous Goods Legislation and FPB Policies adequately cater forall possible permutations of occupancies involving licensed D.G.Storage and Manufacture,(iii) To be read in conjunction with current Government policies onfactories in domestic, schools, restaurants, etc.(iv) Petrol Filling Stations on G/F of an Industrial Building(Part X.4 refers)•(v) Bank and industrial occupancies to be completely separated fromeach other by suitable FRP and design.(vi) Sited at street level only and licensed as food factories,(vii) Electrical Shop - Any premises used for the selling of electricalaccessories. In most cases repairing services are also provided,(viii) Local Provisions Store (previously termed as Food Store) - Anypremises used for the selling of cigarettes, drinks, canned food,and other local convenience goods.;-yu)ire ServicesDate : 24 April 1995


piAnnex XXVI0t : ;FIRE SERVICES DEPARTMENT/FfRE PREVENTION BUREAU,ASJAN HOUSE.! Hl'.^lNESSY ROAD. HONG KO:*G.F 5. BOX NO. 2O\32OUR REf.YOURTEL. NO.Dear Sir/Madam,I refer to your letter datedin connection with approval under Section I6(l)(b)(i}and (ii) of the Building Ordinance, Cap. 123, laws of HongKong, of the building plans for the above project.Following inspection of the sits and access thereto,I am directed to inform you that, should you proceed withthe plan to erect the proposed building, upon occupation theDirector of Fire Services may regard the same as constitutinga "fire hazard" as defined in paragraph (f) of Section 2 ofthe Fire Services Ordinance, Cap. 95> Laws of Hong Kong andtake appropriate abatement action under that Ordinance•My rsasoiis ?or regarding such building as a firehazard are :-In the event that you or your client wishes todiscuss this matter further, I would be pleased if you wouldtelephone for an appointmentrYours faithfully,(R.A. Wheat!sy)for Director of Fire Servicesc.c, B.0.0. arid/orD TT*S- IRAW/MSC/


Annex XXVIVOur Ref^Your Rei:mFPBTeiex: 39607 HKFSO HXKtflK Fax: 852-723 2197* ftTe.. No,733 76661 a(24 Hours)FIRE SERVICES DEPARTMENT,FSRE_ PROTECTION ? BUREAU,.".FIRE SS'HVICES HEADQUARTERS~BUIU>ING.. — • w No. 1 Hong Chong Road, "" : *"Tsim Sha Tsui East Kowioon, „, .. _Hong Kong.Dear Sir,I must advise you that access for Fire Services emergency appliancesand rescue equipment to the proposed building appears to be inadequate to theextent that it may reduce the effectiveness of fire-fighting and rescueoperations to the premises in the event of fire.The lack of direct vehicular access to the proposed building will meanthat fire-fighting and rescue equipment will have to be carried by hand. Suchdelay would obviously result in increased danger to life and property.If the building is erected in accordance with the proposed plans, theeffectiveness of fire-fighting services may be significantly impaired.I feel it is my duty to bring these deficiencies to your attentionbefore you proceed with your development.Yours faithfully,for Director of Fire Services(Ref. () jLn BLD(B)Ret. number and date shouid be quoted in referenca to this letteraaa? or ** » si & £ a & a H


Annex XXX- -. .. (Fire Protection Bureau)P SectionPro.cedura.I Instruction Enclosure No, 30Source orFire Hazard Abatement Notices.This Procad'.ir.a I Instruction replaces and supersedes' the existingProcedural Instruction No, 30 on the same subject, which-is now to harenxivad and destroyed* • :I n i t i a I P r_o c ed ur e2. FIIANs will be served upon persons to require them to abate a firehazard in accordance with Section 9 o£ the Fire Services Ordinance. Theinterpretation of fire hazard is contained in Section 2. See also DG(General). Regulation !71C(2),3» FHAHs ..may be served by registered post and will normally b


- 2 -Source oxReferenceFire Hazard Abatement NoticesNotices- into their envelopes. He will initial the bottom of each porblock of entries that he has completed. The post office viiil QOC riany statement on the Pos.(20) which indicates the contents of :.henvelope-to be registered. • '.5-3 prosecuting officers who are faced with the need to prove deliver--will henceforth produce etie R & D clerk who made the entry (* ru ';consequently put the notice in the envelope) as a witness, together withthe messenger who took that batch of envelopes to the post office and chePos«(20) which has been stamped by the post office.Computation of Time for FHANs and Order*'6.1 Some years ago a court ruling upheld a plea by a defendant where hfsought the provision of the Interpretation Ordinance (Section 71),Following this, legal advice was obtained> aa follows :-•FP3 125/0001C* V . I,Section 71(i) The day of service of any legal notice does- not count (capplies even if th£ time period is given in numbers of hoursrather than riays).FPB 131/0002(ii)(iii.)If a time period of more than one day or less than 6 days isgiven for abatement, (i) also applies. In addition public• holidays (which include Sundays) must be excluded frotn zh*tperiod allowed unless a contrary intention appears frnni theNotice or. Order.The time giv^n can only be effective on the day G£ issue whenthe period allowed is lea* than 24 hours., in which c^se theFira Hazard Notice could nor be .served to takB el'fecu o-'i


Source or Reference. ...-.... Firs• ' (ii) The address must b«raccurate, ..With regard to places ofbusiness, Inland Revenue Department c|an be requested toprovide a certified true copy of. the 'BusinessRegistration Certificate* •• , ! j •(185) in FPB 131/6002(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)(vii)(viii)In the case of a limited company incorporated in theTerritory, the Registered Office address should beobtained through E.G. (Companies) persuant to Cap* 32S.356.For any limited company incorporated outside the Territoryand carrying on a business within the Territory, thenotice may be served on zhe company by leaving it at,or sending it by registered post to any place of businessestablished by the company in the-Territory, persuant toCap. 32 S.338.Location of the fire hazard - the exact place where thefire hazard exists should be clearly stated,The hazard - describe what is the hazard,Time allowed to abate -:ho hazard - should be reasonable,particularly where construction work is involved*Computation of time allowed for abatement in SHAHsshould be' identical with that for Fire Hazard Orders.(a)The day of the 1 service of the notice should notbe counted, [Tnzt day is regarded as the servicingday according to the wording printed on para. 1of Form 2.)(b)(c)The time specified should be as imposed by D of FSwho is empowered vjvior S.9O)( a ) °^ Cap. 95 andS.2(1) of Cap. 1 ,The time given is to be specific.(ix)Abatement action requrred - the work to be carried outmust be clearly_ staged. See also paragraph 15 below.Persons upon whom a FHAN may be Served8.1 For ease of reference section 9(1)(a) is reproducedhereunder 5-9(1 )(a) The Director, if satisfied of the existencein or on any premises of any fire hazard, may serve -(i)upon the person by reason of whose act,default or sufferance the fire hazardarose or continues; or(ii) if such person is the servant or agent ofsome other person, upon such other person;• or , ' • . ' '/P. 4 ••••••


Source- or ReferencePire Hazard Abatement Notices(iii) if such person or such otherjperson, as thecase may be, cannot readily qe found or isabsent from the Territory, u$on the owner,tenant, occupier or person iii charge of thepremises in or on which suchjfire hazard exists,a notice in the form of Form 2 in the Fifth Schedule(in this section referred to as a fire hazardabatement notice) • ••••••8*2 There appears to be doubt in some officers minds on themeaning and inter-relationship betveen parts/words of the aboveand the following explanation is given to clear up that doubt.8.3 The pertinent words .in (i) above are "act, default orsufferance ff :-ACTDEFAULT- This is where a fire hazard is caused bythe action of a person ^e.g. the removalof a fireman 1 s lift lobby door). Unlessthe person is seen doing the act or admitsdoing the act it is a difficult point toprove.- This is where the fire hazard existsbecause of the failure of some person todo something which is necessary ^e.g.failing to maintain or repair a fire damperwhich does not operate correctly).This is much easier to prove than adeliberate act because the default canmore easily be shown to be theresponsibility of some particularperson/s, such as a Limited Company orlicensee of a licensed establishment.SUFFERANCE - This is where person/s know (or shouldknow) of the existence of the fire hazarayet do nothing about^it• It is notnecessary t"o "prove that these personsacts or defaults caused the hazard -merely that they permitted it to remain.1 In the case, for example, of an illegalgate across a staircase landing, if thesepeople are making use of it they areobviously suffering the hazard to continue.8.4 Regarding (ii) above, this is easily understood. A HiAJScannot be issued %o an employee or worker in a factory or adomestic servant in a domestic premises. The FHrJN must be servedupon the employer of that worker./p. 5


source or ReferenceFire Hazard Abatement Notices8*5 For (iii) above, this appears to be ^here the greatestmisinterpretation is taking place. This provision in the lawenables a FH>Jh to be served upon the owner/s - '^or the tenant «ox the occupier - ojc the person in charge . The lav does notdifferentiate between them.iTJLJL- IS IMC UI^ED TO ESTiLBxiloH R S I BFHuj HAZARD 3Y i-OiAKTo OF ACT, HLFAULT 0*.TY FOR 'TEEiust be done first by the inspecting officer is tomake reasonable enquiry for any person who is responsible for thehazard. If no such person can readily be found then the IHAN canbe issued to any of the people mentioned in 3-5 above. To bereadily found means to be able to be located in a matter ofminutes - ten minutes should be sufficient for this purpose .8.7 Often it will be the case that a person will qualifyto be served with a FHJ& under two counts - that he/she issuffering the hazard to continue and because he/she is owner,tenant, occupier or person in charge. In neither case need thatperson have caused the hazard*8.8 . The law only requires that reasonable effort be made tofind the person who has caused the hazard. If that person cannotreadily be found or is not in the Territory - no more time shouldbe wasted : issue the FEAIM to either category of person, whicheveris the easier to locate.'Owner 1 is the person who legally owns the building orpart of the building concerned. The name of the ownermay be obtained on request from the Registrar General.'Owner' includes any person holding premises directfrcm the Grown whether under lease, licence or otherwiseany mortgagee in possession and any person receivingthe rent of any premises, solely or with another, onhis own behalf or that of any person, or who wouldreceive the same if such premises were let to a tenant,and where such owner as above defined cannot be foundor ascertained or is absent from the Territory or isunder disability, the agent of such owner.1 Tenant* means a person who occupies a premises undera landlord - generally iueauiu^ "oii


Source or ReferenceFire Hazard Abatement ivotices? Occupier 1 in the case of a factory will be the personholding the Business Registration Certificate. A copyof the information held by Inland Revenue Departmentwhich shows the name of the applicant, can be obtained on'request* However, in the case of a Limited Company,the name of the Ltd- Co. will suffice• The same willbe the case if the premises holds a Business RegistrationCertificate but is not a factory.(43) in FPB 111/21 IIThe^term ? person in charge 1 is wider than 'occupier 1which under the ordinary law means a person using,inhabiting, being in possession of or enjoying thepremises• 'Person in charge 1 includes a person havingthe care, custody or charge of the premises,8.9 V/hen it is decided that a FEAN will be served upon aperson a difficulty can arise when, as is. often the case, thereare multiple tenants, occupiers or owners. Legal advice has beenobtained that it will be correct in law to serve the EEAKs on thowners, tenants, occupiers or persons in charge of the unit/slocated close to the hazard rather than to every unit occupier orowner within the building.8.10 -The possibility exists that when such cases go to courtdefendants may state that they have no knowledge of the hazard andask why were they served with the FESN'and not others in thebuilding.r rhe Prosecution's answer to this is that being so closeto their unit it is in their own interest to abate the hazard andsafeguard themselves and their family from danger. The lawprovides for the FHAN to be served upon such persons shown abovewhen the person actually causing the hazard cannot readily be found.Such a person could not readily be found in this case. However,because the hazard is so close to the defendant's unit it is notunreasonable that he/she knew of its existence and has donenothing about it, in which case he/she has suffered it to continue.In any event the case is only in court because the defendant haschosen tc live with the hazard rather than to comply with theterms of the8.11 A lot of dispute can be saved if owners/occupiers areinformed of their liability in law. It is highly likely that theyhave no idea that they can legally be served with a FEAii for ahazard they did not create ar.;lT:,. •':il;,;: lo ;?v>.rt -\f t::zy fail tocomply. It is also highly likely that they will be indignantabout it but this Department is only concerned with getting firehazards abated and the same should be the attitude of owners andoccupiers. Itather than entering into verbal argument the noticeshown in Appendix I to this instruction should be given to theabove-mentioned R.P.s of units to be served with FHAHs when noother choice exists.FEB 36/7724Queries/Enquiries9* - >i>th any queries in relation to a FEAJtf from a fireconsultant acting on behalf of his client, the reply'should bedirected to the responsible person and a carbon copy may be sentto the fire consultant. If the queries are received from asolicitor on behalf of his client the reply should be sentdirectly to the solicitor./P. 7 _


Source or ReferenceFire Hazard Abatement NotidesFire Hazards External to Premises !10.1 Amendments to Cap. 95 in 1975 produced changes tosection 9 and from the date of enactment, a FHiJI may be servedfor a fire hazard which is IN OR ON any premises* Previouslythis could be done only in respect of a fire hazard in premises•(57) 1 in EEB 336/04(88) 4 - (paxa- 4)in ZPB 336/0410.2 A legal opinion expressed in 1981 by the acting AGextended this to include courtyards.10*3 However, while this opinion provides legal authorityto take fire hazard abatement action in courtyards, the decisionon whether to declare such structures or things to be fire hazardsremains clearly within the jurisdiction of the Director of FireServices. In other words, people other than the Director orthose in receipt of his delegated powers, may opine that asituation is a fire hazard but it remains for th


- 8 -orHazardNotices(iv)Just; prior t:o ccurr. appersrsaca a pre-ccurriufrpnneiaa sill !>ft a&s* an


or SaferestceFire Hazard Abatemeat Secices15• The v^rioue aiesrantives ia PHA1 proceduresflow chart in Appendix II*shoots??B


Append 1 :•


Typing PoolFile Ref,Enclosure Mo ,Date orDate of B.U.WeeklyInspection


.opentilx IInformation to Owner, Tenant, Occupier or Person in Chargeof Premises in Receipt of a Fire Hazard Abatement NoticePlease note that this Notice, referring to a fire hazard isserved on you, being the owner/tenant/occupier/person in charge of thepremises.2. It does not mean that you are the person whose act or defaultor sufferance caused the hazard* That person cannot readily be found,3. The law states that where the person whose act, default orsufferance caused the fire hazard cannot readily be found, the Noticemay be served on the owner/tenant/occupier/person in charge of thepremises where the hazard exists and this is why the Notice is beingserved on you.4 # This Notice is a legal document and you are advised thatfailure to comply with the contents of the Notice., within the timespecified, may result in further action, including prosecution in acourt of law.5 # It is in your own interests to abate this hazard to avoiddanger to life or property which can arise in the event of a fire.L fisftiffl %\ *& a* m IM x m M BS m %\ m & M - is m > tei ^ i$\&% m ^ *¥ z m 3L / m %- / i± '& / n n A ^~ sa 3£ ^ « 7F -5 s tta 1^ IZJ ^ ^ .# Z ft ^ ^ i&li ^ @c ^itn s& ftSc, X # te BR Z A ± ° a^ 1£ A ±" ^ su ^ Mb ia m 'ft &\ «^ ffi^J&Si* ME & & TX £ij & ^ -^ '^r Z ft & * j#iu B^ ^ fin 5fefix.^TteMBixZA±' fill Ri J^ IX m ^i » 3& 3i m 'Xt pi ^?a z fe ? z * i / is.^ / ii^ / g s A ' $L?i^it £Q # 5& il -a JiS Z iSi 12


Annex XXXII(a)EXISTINGMAXIMUM REDEVELOPMENT BASED ON EXISTING LOT BOUNDARYUOK SZ T£RRAC£H££ WONO TERMCEV \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \v \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \PERSPECTIVE VIEW FROM THE EASTREDEVELOPMENT ALONG STEPPED STREETS : THE SANDS STREET NEIGHBOURHOODPLANNING DEPARTMENTUrban Design Sc Landscape Sectiondrawing no.UD/H1/91/05PUN1


Annex XXXII(b)EXISTINGMAXIMUM REDEVELOPMENT BASED ON EXISTING LOT BOUNDARYPERSPECTIVE VIEW ROM THE NORTHREDEVELOPMENT ALONG STEPPED STREETS : THE SANG STREET NEIGHBOURHOODPLANNING DEPARTMENTUrban Design & Landscape Sectiondrawing no.UD/H1/91/06PLAN2


Annex XXXIl(c)EXISTINGMAXIMUM REDEVELOPMENT BASED ON EXISTING LOT BOUNDARYPERSPECTIVE VIEW FROM THE WESTREDEVELOPMENT ALONG STEPPED STREETS : THE SANDS STREET NEIGHBOURHOODPLANNING DEPARTMENTUrban Design & Landscape Sectiondrawing no.UD/H1/91/07PLAN3


Annex XXXIlCd)EXISTINGMAXIMUM REDEVELOPMENT BASED ON EXISTING LOT BOUNDARYHOK SZ TERRACEPERSPECTIVE VIEV FROM THE TOPREDEVELOPMENT ALONG STEPPED STREETS : THE SAN)S STREET NEIGHBOURHOODPLANNING DEPARTMENTUrban Design 3: Landscape Sectiondrawing no.UD/H1/91/08PLAN4


Annex XXXII(e)Plate 1.1Sands Street looking northPlate 1.2Sands Street and Hee Vkyng Terrace


Annex XXXII(f)Plate 1.3High-rise developments permitted alongSands Street before the control anbuilding height of redevelopments along1 'Stepped Streets 1Plate 1.4Hie quiet neighbourhood of Ching Lin Terrace


Annex XXXII(g)Plate 1.5The low-rise developments along Li Po LungPath as against the high-rise developmentof Hok Sze Terrace at the background


G.N. 1674~ ^ AHKTEX XXXIIITOWN PLANNING ORDINANCE (Chapter 131)AMENDMENTS TO THE DRAFT KENNEDY TOWN AND MOUNT DAVISOUTLINE ZONING PLAN NO. S/HI/3It is hereby notified that the Town Planning Board has made amendments to the Draft KennedyTown and Mount Davis Outline Zoning Plan No. S/Hl/3 pursuant to the reference of the draftplan to the Board for further consideration and amendment by the Governor in Council undersection 9( I ){c) of the Town Planning Ordinance.Pursuant to section 5 of the Ordinance, the draft amendment pian together with the amendmentsas set out in the Schedule, is available for public inspection for a penod of two months from thefirst publication of this notice, that is to say 21 May 1993, during normal office hours at thefollowing locations;—(i) the District Office (Central and Western), Ground Floor, Harbour Building, 38 Pier Road,Central* Hong Kong;(ii) the Planning Department, 16th Floor, Murray Buiiding, Garden Road, Hong Kong; and(iii) Hong Kong District Planning Office, 11th Floor, Leighton Centre, 77 Leighton Road, HongKong.In accordance with section 6(1) of the Ordinance, any person affected by the amendments soexhibited may within the said period of two months send to the Town Planning Board a writtenstatement of his objections to the amendments by writing to the Secretary, Town Planning Board,c/o Planning Department, Murray Building, Garden Road, Hong Kong.In accordance with section 6(2) of the Ordinance, such written statement shall set out:—(a) the nature of and reasons for the objection;(b) if the objection would be removed by an alteration of the" draft plan, any alterationproposed.Copies of the draft amendment plan No. S/Hl/4 are available at the Survey and Mapping Office,Buildings and Lands Department, 14th floor, Murray Building, Garden Road, Hong Kong, andKowloon Map Sales Section, 382 Nathan Road, Kowloon.SCHEDULE OF AMENDMENTSSCHEDULE OF AMENDMENTS TO THE DRAFT PLAN ENTITLEDKENNEDY TOWN AND MOUNT DAVIS OUTLINE ZONING PLAN NO. S/Hl/3(RE-NUMBERED FROM S/Hl/2) MADE BY THE TOWN PLANNING'BOARD UNDER THE TOWN PLANNING ORDINANCEAmendments Gazetted Under section 5I. Amendments to Matters Shown on the PlanItem A—Rezoning of 'Residential (Group A) 1 ('R(A)') sites and a 'Government/Institution/Community' site in Sands Street Area to 'Residential (Group C)T CR(C)T) torestrict development/redevelopment to a maximum plot ratio of 5 or the plot ratio ofthe existing building(s) whichever is the greater, and a maximum building height of12 storeys or the height of the existing building(s) whichever is the greater.Item B— Rezoning of Chiu Yuen Cemetery from 'Cemetery' zone to 'Other Specified Uses'zone with annotation of 'Cemetery\11. Amendments to the Notes of the PianItem 1 Covering NotesRevision of ciause (i) of the Covering Notes concerning the need of application forplanning permission and clause (iii) of the Covering Notes concerning conformity ofexisting use to follow the current practice.hem 2 'Residential (Group A ) ' and 'Residential (Group B)' zones(i) Amending 'Mass Transit Vent Shaft or Other Structure above Ground Level*under Column 2 to 'Mass Transit Vent Shaft or Other Structure above GroundLevel other than Entrance',(ii) Incorporation of'Service Apartment' under Column 2.Item 3 'Residential (Group C)' zone(i) Incorporation of 'Mass Transit Vent Shaft or Other Structure above GroundLevei other than Entrance' and 'Service Apartment' under Column 2.(ii) Incorporation of the provision for application to the Town Planning Boardunder Section 16 of the Town Planning Ordinance for minor relaxation of thebuilding height restriction.Item 4 'Residential (Group C) 1' zoneIncorporation of the Notes for this new zoning.Item 5 'Comprehensive Development Area' zone(i) Amending 'Mass Transit Vent Shaft or Other Structure above Ground Level'under Column 2 to 'Mass Transit Vent Shaft or Other Structure above GroundLevel othe than Entrance'.(ii) Deletion of'Public Utility Pipeline Reserve' from Column 2.(iii) Revision of the Remarks'Column to accord with the current practice,(iv) Incorporation of the requirement of including an environmental assessmentreport in the Master Layout Plan submission into the Remarks Column.Item 6 'Village Type Development', 'Industrial', 'Open Space' and 'Green Belt' zonesAmending 'Mass Transit Vent Shaft or Other Structure above Ground Level' underColumn 2 to 'Mass Transit Vent Shaft or Other Structure above Ground Level otherthan Entrance'.hem? 'Governmenti Institution i Community'zone(I) Incorporation of'Pier'under Column 1.(ii) Amending 'Mass Transit Vent Shaft or Other Structure above Ground Level'under Column 2 to 'Mass Transit Vent Shaft or Other Structure above GroundLevel other than Entrance'.(iii") Incorporation of'Service Apartment' under Column 2.hem S 'Other Specified Uses'zone t(i) Incorporation of the Notes of 'Cemetery' under 'Other Specified Usesannotated 'Cemetery*.(ii) Amending 'Mass Transit Vent Shaft or Other Structure above Ground Levelunder Column 2 to 'Mass Transit Vent Shaft or Other Structure above GroundLevel other than Entrance".21 May 1993 A. G. EASON Chairman, Town Planning Board


Annex XXXIV* •To:m m mm * m.Our Ref.: ( 50) in FPB 314/07 IIIYour Ref.:Telex: 39607 HKFSD HXFax: 852-723 2197Tel. No.: 2733 7744 •(24 Hours)Authorised PersonsRegistered F.S.I. ContractorsRegistered Ventilation ContractorsElectrical & Mechanical ConsultantsFire Insurance Association of H.K.The Association of Registered F.S.I.Contractors of H.K.Structural Division, H.K.I.E.Power CompaniesDear Sirs,FIRE SERVICES DEPARTMENT,FIRE PROTECTION BUREAU,FIRE SERVICES HEADQUARTERS BUILDING,No. 1 Hong Chong Road,Tsim Sha Tsui East Kowioon,Hong Kong.19'October 1995The H.K. & China Gas Co. Ltd.Registered Lift & Escalator ContractorsThe Lift & Escalator Contractors AssociationHong Kong Telecom Company Ltd.Hong Kong Construction AssociationDirector of Architectural ServicesDirector of BuildingsDirector of HousingPetroleum CompaniesF.S.D. Circular Letter No. 8/95Submission of Emergency Vehicular Access PlansThe issue of emergency vehicular access (EVA) was discussed in theFSD/AP Liaison Committee Meeting held on 4.8.1995.The meeting has agreed that, with immediate effect, the Authorised Person,when submitting$SI/5dl Application for Inspection and Testing of fire service installationsand equipment, should attach 2 copies of EVA plan if the building project is provided withdesignated EVA, i.e. other than access from public road/street. These EVA plans will besent to respective fire stations for reference purpose so that station personnel couldfamiliarize themselves with the EVA layout of the building development.In this connection, the attached new paragraph should be added after para.1.1.1 on page VI. 1, Part VI of FSD Circular Letters.Yours faithfully,LCM/lolI y^i xi*» Jhun-man)ChietFire Officer (Protection)"'for Director of Fire ServicesRef. number and date should be quoted in reference to this letter


New Paragraph added after Para, 1.1.1Part VI of FSD Cireitlar Letters1.1.2 The Authorized Person, when submitting FSI/501 Application forInspection and Testing of fire service installations and equipment, shouldattach 2 copies of emergency vehicular access (EVA) plan if the buildingproject is provided with designated EVA, i.e. other than access from publicroad/street.


Inspection Record of EVAs in Public Housing Estate>XX X


Progress of the Phase 1 Improvement Works(as at 31.1.1996)> XXXacEstateYue Wan EstateEVA/FSIEVAImprovement ItemsConstruction of two newEVAs, one to Yue TaiHouse and one to YueShun HouseInstallation of anadditional street firehydrant at the extension ofEVA near Yue FungHousePresent PositionBuilding plans wereendorsed by FSD on29.9.1995.Work commenced inOctober 95 and is insmooth progress.ProgrammeAnticipated completionin April 1996.Remarks-FSIInstallation of FH/HRsystem to replace dryrisers in the three low-riseblocksCompleted in January1996.Installation of FEs to thethree low-rise blocksCompleted in October1995.Provision of exit signWork commenced inDecember 1995.To complete in March1996.


EstateEVA/FSIImprovement ItemsPresent PositionProgrammeRemarksValley Road Estate(Blocks 15 & 16)EVAConstruction of a newEVAPlans were approvedby FSD in January1996.Work will commencein February 1996 andcomplete in March1996.At present thereis no designatedEVA for theestate.FSIInstallation of FEsCompleted in October1995.Shek Kip MeiEstate(Blocks 14 & 38)FSIInstallation of FH/HRsystem to replace the dryrisers with extension of FSinlet to the roadside.Design completed.Anticipatedcommencement ofwork in February 1996and completion inOctober 1996.Provision ofEVA isphysically notfeasible.Installation of FEsCompleted in October1995.Provision of emergencylightingWork to becommenced inFebruary 1996.To complete in March1996.Jordan ValleyEstate(Blocks 3, 4 & 5)FSIInstallation of FEsCompleted in October1995.Redevelopmentin 95/96.Provision ofEVA isphysically notfeasible.


EstateEVA/FSIImprovement ItemsPresent PositionProgrammeRemarksYau Tong Estate(Block 4)FSIInstallation of dry riserwith FS inlet extended tothe roadsideCompleted in January1996.Redevelopmentin 96/97.Installation of FEsProvision of emergencylightingCompleted inNovember 1995.Works completed on26.1.96.Provision ofnew EVA isphysically notfeasible.Wo Lok Estate(Hang On House)FSIExtension of FS inlet tothe roadsideProvision of exit signWork completed inDecember 1995.Works commenced inFebruary 1996.Anticipated completionin March 1996.Provision ofnew EVA isphysically notfeasible.Upper Wong TaiSin Estate (Block 5)FSIInstallation of FEs on alloccupied floorsCompleted in October1995.Block to beevacuated forredevelopmentby the end ofMarch 1996.LegendFH/HR = fire hydrant/hosereelFS = fire servicesFEs = portable fire extinguishersEVA = emergency vehicular access


H> X§Phases 2, 3 & 4 Improvement Programme - EVA Enhancement Works Dale: 28.3.%Page: 1/15EstateYuc WanValley RoadSlick KipMeiJordanValleyVan TongUpperWong TaiSinHlk/llseYlie Tai &Yue Shun15 & 1638 & U3,4,3: 54,6,8, 15 &16Hang OnBIk 5(CheungYee 1 Ise)Description of WorksConstruction of add.EVAs and Street FireHydrantConstruction of a newEVANo B.W. involved(FSI only)No B.W. involvedConstruction of EVA(BIk. 4 FSI only)Builder's supportingworks to new FS inletNo B.W. involvedAnt.StartDate26.2.961.1.96N.A.N.A.24.10.9524.10.95N.A.Act.SlartDate27.2.9619.12.95N.A.N.A.16.10.9530.10.95N.A.Ant.Comp.Date15.5.9615.4.96N.A.N.A.18.2.9615.12.95N.A.Act.Comp.Dale-N.A.N.A.7.2.964.12.95N.A.Progress%2050N.A.N.A.100100N.A.Remarkson StatusProposed EVAs and St.FH approved by FSDFSD, 1 ly.D & TDapproved the sub.Drawings re-sub, to FSDon 22.2.96Evacutioa for demolitionDrawings submitted toFSD(15.1.96)Drawings sub. to FSD on6.2.96• Drawings sub. to FSD on27.12.95


Inter-Depaimental Working Croup on Fire Safety in Public Housing EstatesProgress Report on EVA Enhancement Works (Meeting with FSD held on 04.10.95, Phase 11 & 111 Estates)Date: 28.3.06Page: 2/15EstateChai Wanfling Wah11Lam Tin ILam Tin IIKo ChiuRoadShun LeeNgau TauKok(Upper)Sau MauPing IIIShun OnSau MauPing 11Kwun Tong(LYMR)Wo LokBIk/lIseExistingSea of StarP.S.Blk 1 -6Blk 7,8, 10& 15Blk 1, 1A&2AllBlk 9Blk 38 & 41AllAllBlk 6 & 711 ing OnMan OnDescription of WorksEVA adequateContruction ofadditional EVAEVA adequate exceptdeletion of carparksEVA adequate exceptdeletion of carparksEVA adequateEVA adequateEVA adequate exceptremoval of plantersMod. of bollard and del.of carpark.Construction of EVAMod. of planter &deletion of carparksReduce pavement andre-arrangement ofcarparks for EVAConstruction of newEVAAnt.StartDateN.A.10.3.96N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.1.4.9610.4.9610.4.9610.4.961.4.961.4.96Act.StarCDateN.A.(10.3..96)N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.---A nt. Com p.DateN.A.30.6.96N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.15.6.9631.5.9631.5.9631.5.9630.6.9630.6.96Act.Comp.DateN.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.---Progress%N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.---Remarkson StatusDrawings app. by FSD on19.1.96Drawings app. by FSD on26.1.96Drawings re-sub, to FSDon 12.2.96Approved by FSD on1.3.96. MemotoHMEon11.3.96 for deletion ofcarparkEvacution for demolitionDrawings sub. to FSD on27.3.96Drawings sub. to FSD on27.3.96P.T.B.S.(15.4.96)P.T.B.S.(15.4.96)P.T.B.S.(15.4.96)Drawings sub. to FSD on2.3.96Drawings sub. to FSD on6.2.96( Note :- P.T.B.S.: Plans lo be submitted to FSD )


Inter-Departmental Working Group on Fire SafeJjLULEllMc Housing EstatesProgress Report on EVA Enhancement Works(Meeting with FSD held on 18.10.95, Phase I! & III Estates)Date: 28.3.96Page : VI 5EstateLai KingLai YiuSoUkCheung ShaWanUn ChauStreetKwaiChungKwai Shing(West)Fuk LoiShek YamShek LeiIICheungShanLei Muk-Shue(Notes :- P.IBIk/HseBlk 6KingAHAHAilBlk5Blk 6Blk 9Blk 7, 10AHOnBtk 1,2,4Blk 8Lok ShanBlk 11 & 12\B.S. : Plans toDescription of WorksReplace grille wallwith 1.2m railingEVA adequae exceptdeletion of carparksEVA adequate exceptdeletio'n of carparksEVA adequateRemoval of screen wallModification of flowerbedModification of EVAentranceProvision of new EVARun InEVA adequateEVA adequate exceptconversion of carparksEVA adequate exceptconversion of existingskating courtEVA adequate exceptmod. of flower bed &layout of carparksConvert existing restgarden to EVAbe submitted to FSD )Ant. StartDate1.4.96N.A.1.1.96N.A.8.11.951.4.9610.10.95L6.96N.A.16.11.951.8.959.11.951.12.95Act.StartDate-N.A.1.12.95N.A.24.11.95-23.10.95N.A.(16.11.95)1.8.959.11.95(1.12.95)Ant.Comp.Date31.5.96N.A.31.1.96N.A.31.12.9530.6.9622.12.9530.9.96N.A.31.12.9515.9.9531.12.9515.2.96-Act. Co in p.DateN.A.1.1.96N.A.4.12.95-22.12.95N.A.15.9.95(30.4.96)(15.2.96)Progress%-N.A.100N.A.100-100N.A.95100(50)(50)Remarkson StatusP.T.B.S.(9.4.96)P.T.B.S.(9.4.96)P.T.B.S.(28.3.96)P.T.B.S.(28.3.96)P.T.B.S.(28.3.96)P.T.B.S.(29.3.96)Seeking comment fromTransp. & Hgw P.T.B.S. andwill be const, byHyD.(29.3.96).Arranged byBSE/WIP.T.B.S.(29.3.96)Plans submitted to FSDP.T.B.S.( 9.4.96)P.T.B.S.(9.4.96)Plans sub. to FSD on 1.3.96


Date: 28.3.96Working Croup on Fire Safety in Public Housing EstatesProgress Report on EVA Enhancement Works (Meeting with FSD held on 18.10.95, Phase 11 & 111 instates)Pane : -1/15EstateSan FatSam ShingTai Ming:Yuen LongBlk/HseNear Block4AllPrimarySchools•AllAllDescription of WorksModification of existingEVAEVA adequateEVA adequate exceptformation of opening atfencing & deletion ofplanters.Deletion of carparks,trees & lamp posts. "EVA adequate exceptdeletion of carparks &removal of planters,fencing, lamp posts,trees, etc.Ant. StartDate28.2.96M.A.20.3,9620.3.9615.2.96Act.SiartDate4.3.96N.A.20.3.9620.3.9615.2.96Aiit.Comp.Date31.3.96N.A.31.3.96'31.3.9630.6.96-Act.Comp.DateN.A.(31.3.96)(31.3.96)Progress%85N.A.707020Remarkson StatusP.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96).Plans submitted t oFSDon26.3.96.Plans submitted t oPSDon 26.3.96.Drawings approved byFSD(Notes :- P.T.B.S. : Plans to be submitted to FSD )


Inter-Departniental Working Group on Fire Safety in Puhlic Housing EstatesProgress Report on EVA Enhancement Works (Meeting with FSD held on 6.11.95, Phase n & m Estates)Date: 28.3 96Page: 5/15EstateValley RoadMa Tau WaiHo Man TinOi ManWong ChukHangNorth PointModelHousingSai WanShek PatWanWah Fu IWah Fu IILung TinBIk/IIseAil (excludeBlk 15 & 16)AllAllSlab BlocksTwin TowerAllEast Pi. A & BBlk B,D & FAllAllAllAllAllDescription of Works-Construction of EVAs,improv. manholes 8ccanopy remvoalEVA adequate exceptdeletion of carparksNew/alteration to EVAentrancesConstruction of a EVAStrengtheing of ex.EVAConstruction of EVA &entrancesClearance ofobstructionsConstruction of EVA &deletion of carparksEVA adequate exceptdeletion of carparksInstallation of crashgate. Del. of carpark.BW improvement &deletion of carparksEVA adequate exceptdeletion of carparks &installation of crashgate.EVA adequate exceptmodification of bollardA lit.StartDate1.3.961.1.961.4.961.5.961.5.961.4.9615.4.961.4.96(1.1.96)1.5.961.5.961.5.9615.4.96Act.StartDate(1.3.96)1.1.96-—15.4.96(1.1.96)AnLCom p.Date30.6.968.1.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.96(27.3.96)30.6.0631.7.9630.6.9630.6.96Act.Co m p.Date2.1.96-(27.3.96)Progress5100---100~Remarks on StatusRevised sub. approved byFSDDrawings approved byFSDAll approvals obtainedP.T.B.S. (pendingsettlement of Struct, pts)(30.3.96)All approvals obtainedPlans submitted to FSD on16.2.96. Run in & run outby others.Plans sub. to FSD on19.1.96Drawings rejected by FSD.Drawings ready to sub. on3.4.96.Drawings to be sumbiltedon 1.4.96.Plan submitted on 13.3.96Plan approved I y FSD.( Notes :- P.T.B.S. ; Plans to be submitted to FSD)* - RIC uncertain (pending design)


Inter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing Estatesrt on EVA Enhancement Works (Meeting with FSD heid on 22.11.95, Phase II & HI Estates )Date 28.3 96Page 6/15Estate*Shatin PassTszOi*Tsz ManFuShanChoi HungPingShekChoiWan IINgau TauKok (Low.)iNgau TauKok(Low.) IIUpperWongTai SinLekYuenWoCiieAllIllk/llseBlk 35 & 36AllAllPri. Sch.Kam PikSchoolsWong ShekKing KungFung ChakMing LaiSchool adj.Blk 3Blk 10Blk 14All exceptBlk 5AllAllDescription of WorksOVA adequateEVA adequate exceptremoval of plantersEVA adequateEVA adequate exceptadd, of gratings & t/dobstructionsMod. of EVAModification oflandscape areaRepavingCrash & Drop GateInstall drop gateConstruct new EVARepayingDemolition of part ofrest garden andrepayingConstruction of EVARepayingRemoval of railings,deletion of carparks &mod, of entranceAddition of EVAs &crash gateAddition of EVAs&crash gateAnt. StartDateN.A.1.12.95N.A.1.12.95(1.4.96)(1.4,96)15.4.9629.2.9615.4.9615.4.9615.12.95I5A9615.4.9615.4.9615.12.9515.12.9515.12.95Act StartDaleN.A.(1.12.95)N.A.(1.12.95)---(29.2.96)--(15.12.96)--15.12.954.1.9615.12.95Ant. Co 111 p.DateN.A.31.1.96N.A.31.1.96(3.0.6.96)(30.6.96)30.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9631,3.9630,6,9630.6.9630.6.9631.3.9631.1,9631.1.96Act. Comp.DateRA,(31.1.96)N.A.(31.1.96)------(31.3.96)—-17.2.9631.1.96Progress%N.A.(100) -N.A.(100)--(10)7040100Remarks on StatusDrawings sub. to FSD on6.2.96Drawings sub. to FSD on6.2.96Drawings sub. to FSD on23.1.96Drawings sub. to FSD on6.2.96P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)Drawings sub. toFSD on 20.1.96Drawings sub, toFSD on 20.1.96Drawings sub. to FSD on20.1.96Drawings sub. to FSD on20.1.96Drawings approved byF.S.D. on 24.2.96Drawings sub. to FSD(9.4.96)Drawings sub. to FSD(9.4.96)(Notes :- P.T.B.S.: Plans to be submitted to FSD)


Inter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing EstatesProgress Report on EVA Enhancement Works (Meeting with FSD held on 27.12.95, Phase iv Estates)Date. 283.96Page; 7/15EstateChuk Yuen(South)Chuk Yuen(North)Wang TauHornLok Fu/Comm.CentreWong TaiSiii(Lo. 1)Chak OnShek KipMeiNamShanTai HanglungPak TinSun TinWaiLungHangPokI longBlk/IIscKwai YuenRainbowSchoolAll( )AllAllAll18BlksNam YatNam YiuTung WanTung Wing2,3& 10AilAllPok TaiDescription of WorksModification of pergolaMod.of EVA entranceEVA adequate( )EVA adequateEVA adequateEVA adequateConstruction of EVAConstruction of EVAConstruction of EVAConstruction of EVAEVA adequate except removalof obstructionsEVA adequate except removalof obstructionsRemoval of railing&. install crash gateAnt,StartDate1.3.961.3.96N.A.( )N.A.N.A.N.A.1.4.961.3.961.4.061.4.96(1.4.96)(1.4.96)13.96Act,StartDate(1.3.96)(13.96)N.A.( )N.A.N.A.N.A.---183.96(13.96)AntCom p.Date30.6.9630.6,96N.A.( )N.A.N.A.N.A.30.6.96313.9631.8.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.96Act.Comp.Date--N.A.( )N.A.N.A.N.A.-*•*Progress%(10)(10)N.A.( )N.A.N.A.N.A.80-—Remarks on StatusDrawings sub. to FSD on26.2.96Drawings sub. to FSD on26.2.96Drawings sub. to FSD on26.2.96Drawings sub. to FSD on26.2.96P.T.B.S.(203.96)Drawings sub. to FSD on22.2.96Drawings re-sub, to FSDon 22.2.96Drawings sub. to FSD on22.2.96Drawings sub. to FSD on22.2.96Drawings sub. to FSD on22.2.96Drawings sub. to FSD on16.2.96Drawings sub. to FSD on16.2.96Drawings sub. toFSD on 16.2.96(Notes :- P.T.B.S.: Plans to be submitted to FSD)


Inter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing EstatesProgress Report On EVA Enhancement Works (Meeting with FSD held on 27.12.95 continued, Phase IV Estates )Date: 28.3.96Page: 8/15EstateII inKengMeiLamShaKokChunShekSunChuiUengOnYiuOnKwongYuenLeeOnTaiYuenKwongFukFuShinAllIllk/IIscMei Fung,Tao, Wai &SchoolAllAilAllAilAilAilAllCookedFood StallsAHAllDescription of WorksEVA adequateEVA adequate exceptremoval of obstructionsUpgrading of EVAsurfaceUpgrading of EVAsurfaceUpgrading of EVAsurfaceEVA adequateEVA adequateEVA adequateEVA adequateConstruction of a newEVAEVA adequateEVA adequateAnt. .StartDate(1.4.96)(1.4.96)1.3.961.3.961.3.96N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.16.4.96N.A.N.A.-Act. StartDate(1.3.96)(1.3.96)(1.3.96)N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.-N.A.N.A.Ant. Com p.Date30.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.96N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.15.10.96N.A.N.A.--Act. Coin p.Date. ..N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.-N.A.N.A.Progress%(10)(10)(10)N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.Remarks onStatusDrawings sub. toFSD on 16.2.96Drawings sub. toFSD on 16.2.96P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)Drawings app. byFSD on 11.3.96Drawings sub. toFSD on (9.4.96)Drawings sub. toFSD on (9.4.96)Drawings sub. toFSD on (9.4.96)P.T.B.S(15.4.96)P.T.B.S(15.4.96)P.T.B.S(15.4.96)(Notes :- P.T.B.S.: Plans to be submitted to FSD)


Inter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing EstatesProgress Report On EVA Enhancement Works (Meeting with FSD held on 27.12.95 continued, Phase IV Estates )Date: 2K.3 U6Page: 9/15EstateTai Wo/Comm. Ct.FullengWan TauTongGhoi- YuenCheungWahTaiPingTinPingWah N4ingMk/IIscAllAllAll(All)(Ail)(All)(All)(All)Description of WorksEVA adequateEVA adequateEVA adequate( )( }(.}( }( }Ant. StartDateN.A.N.A.N.A.( }( }(>( }( }Act. StartDateN.A.N.A.N.A.( }1 }( ]( }( }Ant. Coni|>.DateN.A.N.A.N.A.( }( }( )( }( }Act.Co in p.DateN.A.N.A.N.A.( )( }( }( }( }ProgressN.A.N.A.N.A.( }( }( >( ](>Remarks on StatusP.T.B.S.(15.4.96P.T.B.S.(15.4.96)P.T.B.S.(15.4.96)Drawings sub. toFSDDrawings sub. toFSDDrawings sub. toFSDDrawings sub. toFSDDrawings sub. toFSD(Note :- P.T.B.S. : Plans to be submitted to FSD)


Inter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing EstatesProgress Report On EVA Enhancement Works ( Meeting with FSD held on 3.1.1996, Phase IV Estates )Date: 28.3.96Page: 10/15EstateHungHornAp Lei ChauLeiTungMaHangWahKwaiCheungKwaiNganWanLokWah (S)LokWah (N)ShunTinSau MauPing iHingTinTsui PingNorthTsui PingSouthBik/ilseAilAilAllAll.AllAllAHAllAllAll19&20AilAllAllDescription of WorksEVA adequateRe-alignment ofcarpark/pavementEVA adequateEVA adequateEVA adequateEVA adequateEVA adequate exceptmod. of bollardEVA adequate exceptmod. of turning pointEVA adequate exceptmod. of bollardEVA adequate exceptmod. of bollard &planterEVA adequate exceptmod. of bollard &planterEVA adequateEVA adequateEVA adequateAnt. StartDateN.A.1.4.96N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.(1.4.96)1.4.961.4.961.3.9610.4.94N.A.N.A.N.A.Act. StartDateN.A.-N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.--1.2.96N.A.N.A.N.A.Ant. Conip.DateN.A.31.5.96N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.(30.6.96)15.6.9615.6.9631.3.9631.5.96N.A.N.A.N.A.Act. Conip.DateN.A.-N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.--(30.4.96)N.A.N.A.N.A.Progress%N.A.-N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.--65N.A.N.A.N.A.Remarks on StatusDrawings approved byFSDDrawings sub. to FSD on19.1.96Drawings sub. to FSD on30.1.96. Add new info,sub. on28.3.96.Drawings sub. to FSD on30.1.96. Add new info,sub. on 28.3.96.Plan submitted on19.3.96.Plan submitted on19.3.96.Plan submitted on19.3.96.Plans sub. to FSD on27.3.96Plans sub. to FSD on27.3.96Plans sub. to FSD on8.3.96P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.4.96)P.T.B.S.(30.4.96)P.T.B.S.(30.4.96)10


Inter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing EstatesProgress Report on EVA Enhancement Works ( Meeting with FSD held on 10. i .96, Phase iv EstatesDate: 28.3.%Page: I 1/15EstateKwaiHingKwaiPongShek WaiKokLaiKokNamCheongLei ChengUkLaiOnKwai SlungEastTai Wo llauAll.Blk/HscWai ChowSch.Shek LanShek KukShek HoShek LinMarketHKTA Sch.Lei Me iLai YeungLim KitWoMukShun YeeTao TakAllLai YeungAllAllAllDescription of WorksEVA adequateProvision of EVAProvision/ extension ofEVADeletion of carparksEVA adequateEVA adequate exceptremoval of bollardsEVA adequateEVA adequateEVA adequateAnt. Star!DateN.A.(1.4.96)(1.4.96)N.A.N.A.L3.96N.A.N.A.N.A.Act. StartDateN.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.Ant. Com p.DateN.A.(30.6.96)(30.6.96)N.A.N.A.31.3.96N.A.N.A.N.A.Act. Comp.DateN.A-N.AN.AN.AN.AN.AProgress%N.A.~N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.Remarks on StatusPlans sub. to FSD on12.3.96P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(29.3.96)P.T.B.S.(29.3.96)(Notes > P.T.B.S. : Plans to be submitted to FSD).11


tal Working Croup on Fire Safety in Public Housing EstatesProgress Report on EVA Enhancement Works (Meeting with FSD held on io.i .96, Phase lV Estates)Dale: 28.3»6Page: 12/15EstateShek Lei IOnYamCheungChingCheungHongCheung OnTsingYiCheung FatCheungHangOnTingYauOiBlk/Hse(All)(All)(All)(All)(All)(All)(All)(All)(All)(All)Description of Works( )Scope of work underinvestigation( )( )( )( )( )( )( )( )Ant. StartDate(1.4.96)(1.4.96)(i.4.96)(1.4.96)(1.4.96)(1.4.96)(1.4.96)(1.4.96)15.3.9615.3.96------Act.StartDate(15.3.96)(15.3.96)Ant. Com p.Date(30.6.96)(30.6.96)(30.6.96)(30.6.96)(30.6.96)(30.6.96)(30.6.96)(30.6.96)30.6.9630.6.96-------•*Act.Com p.DateProgress%-----—-(5)(5)Remarks on StatusP.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)(Notes :- P.T.B.S.: Plans lo be submitted to FSD)12


Inter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing EstatesProgress Report on EVA Enhancement Works (Meeting with FSD held on io.i .96, Phase iv Estates)Date. 28.3.96Page: 13/15EstateButterflyWuKingShanKingKinSangTinKingLeungKingShui PinWaiLongPingTin ShuiITin ShuiIITin YiuITin YiuIIBlk/IIse(All)(All)(All)(All)(All)(Ail)(AH)(All)(All)(All)(All)(Ail)Description of Works( )( )( )( )"( )( )( )( )( )( )( )( )Ant. StartDate15.3.9615.3.9615.3.9615.3.9615.3.9615.3.9615.3.9615.3.9615.3.9615.3.9615.3.9615.3.96Act. StartDateAnt. Con» p.Date30.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.9630.6.96Act. Conip.Date--**•~-Progress%-----•*---—Remarks on StatusP.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)(Notes :- P.T.B.S.: Plans to be submitted to FSD)13


Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing EstatesProgress Report on EVA Enhancement Works (Meeting with FSD held on 17. i .96, Phase iv Estates)Date: 28.3.96Page: 14/15Cstafe'HingManWanTsuiFungWah5iu SalWanTsuiWanTakTmKwongTinKGYeeYiu TungPoLamTsuiLamKingLamHairTakMk/llseMan FnWai TsuiAllAHAllAllAllAllYiu Fu(All)(All )(All )(AH)Description of WorksDemolition and mod. ofplantersMod i Fi cat i on of p 1 anterEVA adequateEVA adequate exceptremoval of planters &deduction of somecarparksEVA adequateEVA adequateEVA adequateEVA adequateExtension of EVA toannex blockEVA adequate exceptmod. of pavementEVA adequate exceptremoval of flower potsEVA adequateEVA adequateAni. StartDate15.3.9615.3.96N.A.15.3.96N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.1.7.961.5.961.6.96N.A.N.A.Act.StartDate(15.3.96)(15.3.96)N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A."---N.A.N.A.Ant. Com p.Date15.6.9615.6:96N.A.15.6.96N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.31.10.9630.6.9630.6.96N.A.N.A.--Act.Com p.DateN.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.N.A.--N.A.N.A.Progress%(5)(5)N.A.N.A.N.A,N.A.N.A.-•*-N.A.N.A.Remarks on StatusDrawings sub. to FSD on29.1.96P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)Drawings sub. to FSD on29.1.96Drawings sub. to FSD on26.2.96Drawings sub. to FSD on29.1.96Dwg. sub. to FSD on1.3.96Dwg. sub. to FSD on12.2.96Dwg. sub. to FSD on12.2.96Dwg. sub. to FSD on12.2.96P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)P.T.B.S.(30.3.96)Dwg. sub. to F.S.D. on13.3.96Dwg. sub. to F.S.D. on13.3.96(Notes :- P.T.B.S.: Plans to be submitted to FSD)14


Inter-Departmental Working Croup on Fire Safety in Public Housing EstatesProgress Report On EVA Enhancement Works ( Meeting with FSD held on 31.1.96 continued, Phase IV Estates )Dale: 28.3.96Page: 15/15TszLokChoiFaiMeiTungKaiEstateYipWong TaiSin(Lower) IITung Tau ITungTau (11)FungTakTszClungChoiWan IJordanValleyChoiHaBlk/Iise(All)(Ail)Mei PoKaiCheungKai LokAllPrimarySchoolOn Tung(All)(All)(Ail)(All)(AH)Description of Works( )( )EVA adequate exceptdeletion of carparksRelocation of cp.Cutting treesEVA adequateProvision of Run -inby Hgw Dept.EVA adequate exceptdeletion of carparks( )( )( )( )( )Ant.StartDate(1.4.96)(1.4.96)(1.1.96)01.04.9601.04.96N.A.01.05.96(1.1.96)(1.4.96)(1.4.96)(1.4.96)(1.4.96)(1.4.96)--Act.StartDate(1.1.96)--N.A.-(1.1.96)-Ant.Co in p.Date(30.6.96)(30.6.96)30.04.9630.04.96N.A.30.06.96(29.2.96)(30.6.96)(30.6.96)(30.6.96)(30.6.96)(30.6.96)Act.Comp.Date--29.02.96--N.A.29.02.96-----Progress%100%0%0N.A.0100( )( )( )( )( )Remarks on StatusP.T.B.S. (30.3.96)P.T.B.S. (30.3.96)P.T.B.S.15.04.96P.T.B.S.15.04.96P.T.B.S. (30.3.96)P.T.B.S. (30.3.96)P.T.B.S. (30.3.96)P.T.B.S. (30.3.96)P.T.B.S. (30.3.96)P.T.B.S. (30.3.96)P.T.B.S. (30.3.96)P.T.B.S. (30.3.96)(Notes :- P.T.B.S. : Plans to be submitted to FSD)15


REF. NUMBER AND DATE SHOULD BE QUOTED IN REFERENCE TO THIS LETTERM & » * a a* ar o s » "& H .iw


Annex XXXVIVNames of the Private Streets ResumedDistrictCentral & WesternStreetGeorge 's LaneHam Yu Street3456789101112131415161718192021EasternKwai Heung StreetMui Fong StreetYuk Sau LaneLi Po Lung PathNew Market StreetTung Hing LaneWa In Fong (East)Sam To LaneUn Shing LaneTam LaneWa In Fong (West)North View Street Phases I & IIShell StreetMerlin StreetKam Ping Street Phase IFinnie StreetKam Ping Street Phase IINorth View Street (between Fort St.& Ching Wah St.)Kin Wah Street( between CheungHong & North View Street)


2223242526272829303132333435363738394041424344DistrictEasternKowloon CityMong KokSham Shui PoKing Wah Road (No. 14-30)Fort Street Nos.21-66Ming Lun StreetHieg Yan StreetHing Yin StreetChung Sun StreetScavenging Lanes behind Ming LunStreetPo Loi StreetBaker StreetLun Cheung StreetLuk Ming StreetFung Yi StreetLung To StreetYing Yeung StreetPang Ching StreetHung Wan StreetYuk Shing StreetKam Fong StreetKok Cheung StreetMei On StreetHop Kwan StreetKim Shin LaneKiu Yam Street (lane)


District45 Wan Chai Haven Street46 Fuk Kwan Avenue47 McGregor Street48 Foo Ming Street49 Scavenging Lane Behind 442-452Lockhart50 44-58 Jaffe Road51 Yau Tsim Tak Cheong Lane52 Tung ON Street & Scavenging Lanes53 Lee Yip Street


Annex XXXXSerial No.: A 022653Fire Services Department,HONG KONG.Our Ref:Your Ref: Date 17..-May»I995Sir/Gentlemen,Address:— .-. ..;.' Description of Building:— .#S5n£^..pi5..T^buiM*ng.,wi^This is to certify that the requirements of this Department have been incorporatedin your plans. * -^One set of your plans stamped and signed by this Department on O ^ /- • - ^ is returned together with an additional copyof this letter for submission to the Building Authority.yore:—Any amendments to plans after approval by this Department should beresubmkted in duplicate through the Buildings aoocfauMCxDeparcmenc forfurther vetting prior to the commencement of any construction work.Yours faithfully,for Director opftfe S/fvicesWKM/LKW/ f 1Issued in accordance with Sub-paragraph (iH of Paragraph ib) of Subsection (I) of Section 16 of theBuildings Ordinance.F.S. !6i


Serial No. A 004300'PAPER•BLUE PAPER ^4^ Annex XXXXIFIRE SERVICES DEPARTMENTOURREF, FPB 19/19485YOUR REE:DATEHONG KONGFire Service Installations and Equipment at:—_3 M .Cat. M 5^Ciass JEIO).../storage tanks and an oil unloading berth)This certificate is issued in accordance with Section 21 of the Buildings Ordinance Subsection 6(d),and certifies that the Director 'of Fire Services is satisfied that the fire service installations andequipment shown on the building plans approved by him have been installed in accordance with Subparagraph(ii) of Paragraph (b) of Subsection (1) of Section 16 of the Buildings Ordinance and were inefficient working order and satisfactory condition at the time of their inspection onThis Certificate shall only be valid when jhe permanent.tHe"*Prfe"SeFvl*c"e"Inst"arrat has been connected.5.t.


*l!I/Sll{S/§5f, ^t Annex XXXXIIStBtion 2t («)(*) # fIli for Xttpcctioa mA T@stliif *o£8ir#ct©r of Fire 3«rvic*s • Date :FPB Raf * ao. 43/8/43/19/20/.The above installations/equipment have been installed at (address of premises)and the installation work was completed on ••*..«.».*.*•.•».. I hereby certify thatsuch installations/equipment in accordance with the FSI drawings endorsed on• have b


AnnexXXXXIXl1W_1. BuHdiag Address:1 Defects of FSIs noted at the time of inspection >•Tobecott'dL(Total ^_.shctrf


Annex XXXXXVClieckllst for Fire Hydrant and Hose Reel Installationsin accordance with Code of Practice Pnspectioii and Testing)I. REFERENCEProjectR5.D. Ref.Type of Building: f Domestic/lndustrial/Godown/OthersAddressF.Si. Drawing Ref.The date of initial building plan submission to Building Authority.J Delete whichever not applicable.II. F.SJ. DRAWINGS AGAINST BUILDING PLANSF.S.D. FILE REF:2.1 Check nos. and locations of:Yes No N/A Remarks2.1.1 Fire service inlets [ ] [ ] [ ] -2.1.2 Fire hydrants and hose reels [ ] [ ] [ ]2.1.3 Fixed fire pumps [ ] [ ] [ ]2.1.4 Intermediate booster pumps [ ] [ ] [ ]2.1.5 Water tank and capacity [ ] [ ] [ ] •III. PLUMBING LINE DIAGRAM3.1 CHECK:3.1.1 Pipings are suitably connected to thefire pumps, fire hydrants, hose reels andfire service inlets. [ ] [ ] [ ]3.1.2 Size of the rising mains are correct. [ ] [ ] [ ]3.1.3 Size of the inter-connection headerpipe(s) for fire service inlets is correct. [ ] [ ] [ ]3.1.4 By-pass pipings for intermediatebooster pumps. [ ] [ ] [ ]3.1.5 F.S. appliance to be provided by F.S.D.to test the system, (to be confirmed byF.S.D.) [ ] [ ] [ ] -.-IV. ON SITE INSPECTION4.1 FIRE HYDRANT4.1.1 Outlets are of:Male round thread [ ] orFemale instantaneous [ ]4.1.2 Adaptable to F.S.D. equipment. [ ] , [ ] . [ J4.1.3 Individually controlled by wheeloperated screw valve designed to openby counter-clockwise rotation. [ . ] [ ] [ ] ••••4.L4 The direction of opening engraved inboth English and Chinese on the wheelof the valve. I J L J I J •


4.1.5 Not less than 800 mm nor more thanYes No '' N/A Remarks1200 mm above finished floor level. [ J I J I J4.1.6 Prominently sited [ ] or Recessed [ ]4.1.7 All round clearance to permit free use. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.1.8 Not obstructing any door opening, orany exit route. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.1.9 Not to be cancealed by the leaves of anadjacent door when that door isopened. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.1.10 Water supply is fed:By gravity [ ]From fixed fire pump [ ]4.2 HOSE REEL4.2.1 The drum is not less than 150 mm indiameter. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.2 Internal bore of tubing is not less than19 mm diameter. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.3 Length of hose reel is not exceeding 30metres in length. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.4 Every part of the building can bereached by a nozzle. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.5 Capable of projecting a 6-metre jet. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.6 Orifice of nozzle is 4.5 mm. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.7 Nozzle is fitted with simple two-wayon/off valve and the valve is not springloaded. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.8 Control valves are of gate type or ofsimple two-way ball type. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.9 Gate valves are closed by clockwiserotation. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.10 Rising mains and associated pipeworkare not less than 40 mm nominal bore. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.11 Pipes feeding individual hose reel arenot less than 25 mm nominal bore. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.12 Control valves are adjacent to thenozzles. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.13 Nozzle and control valves are not morethan 1 350 mm from the finished floor' level. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.14 Suitable guide ring is provided to permiteasy withdrawal of the hose reel tubing. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.15 An operation instruction is affixedprominently adjacent to each hose reel. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.16 The notice is clearly marked with thestandard wordings in English andChinese characters of at least 5 mm highin red letters on white background orvice versa. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.17 Manual fire alarm call points are sitedat a prominent position near the hosereels. [ • • ) [ ] [ ]


Yes .No N/A Remarks4.2.18 The manual fire alarm call points arenot more than 1200 mm above thefinished floor level [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.19 Upon actuation of any manual firealarm call point in the building, thefixed fire pump shall come intooperation regardless of the zoning of thefire alarm call point. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.20 Door fitted to the hose reel cabinet [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.20.1 Such doors cause no undue obstructionand no interference with any exit pointwhen in open position. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.20.2 Such doors cause no obstruction to thehose being run out in either directions. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.20.3 Such doors bear the words "FIREHOSE REEL" (ffiBfrtitlf) of at least50 mm high. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.20.4 No locking device is fitted to suchdoors. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.20.5 Control valves and nozzles are sited in adiscernible and accessible position ofnot more than 500 mm from the surfaceof the doors. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.20.6 Operation instruction notice is affixedimmediately below the words "FIREHOSE REEL" on the outer surface ofthe door. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.21 Hose reel of swinging cradle type. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.21.1 When not in use the outer face of thereel is flush with the wall. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.2.2L2 When required for use the cradle can beswung freely into the corridor orpassage. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.3 SUPPLY TANK4.3.1 Correct location and adequate capacityof water tank. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.3.2 Refilling system is in efficient workingorder. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.3.3 Fire Service Completion Advice issued. [ ] [ ] [ ](Other details, see Section 5.25)4.4 FIXED FIRE PUMP4.4.1 Mode of power for driving the pump is:4.4.1.1 Electricity [ ] or4.4.2 Secondary power supply provided. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.4.2.1 If no, diesel engine driven standbypump provided. [ ] [ ] [ ] •4.4.3 Where the motive power for any pumpis not electricity, alternative means ofstarting the pump manually, in additionto manual fire alarm call points, areprovided. { ] [ .] [ ] .


Yes No ' N/A Remarks4.4.4 Starting instructions for diesel drivenpump arc prominently displayed in thepump room. ' . [ ] [ ] [ ]4.4.5 No automatic means of stopping thepump, other than by switching off at thepump control installed near the pump. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.4.6 Manual fire alarm call points are wiredfor starting the pump, [ ] [ ] [ ]4.4.7 The pumps are duplicated for duty andstandby use. [ ] [ } [ ]4.4.8 The fire pump starters are wiredthrough a selector switch for duty andstandby pump selection. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.4.9 The standby pump is energized within15 seconds upon failure of the dutypump. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.4.10 The motor/engine for the pump is ratedto give 20% more power in addition tothe hydraulic power required for therated flow of the system. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.4.11 Pumps are permanently primed. [ ' ] [ ] [ ]4.4.12 Non-return valve(s) are provided toprevent water backflow into the watertank. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.4.13 The status of each fire pump comprising"Power Supply On", "Pump Running"and "Pump Failed" are monitored anddisplayed at the pump control panel inthe pump room. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.4.14 Such signals are repeated to: [ ] [ ] [ ]Fire control room [ ] orA status panel at the mainentrance of the building [ ]4.4.15 All fire pumps are housed in suitableenclosures and designed solely foraccommodating pumps for fire serviceinstallations. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.4.16 Pump enclosures are laid clear of anyexit or normal communication routesthrough the premises. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.4.17 Pump enclosures are clearly marked inEnglish and Chinese characters. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.4.18 Pumps enclosures are suitably locked toprevent unauthorized tampering of thepumps. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.4 J 9 Flow rate and pressure tested inaccordance with Figure No.in Annex I. [ ] [ ] [ ]Floor level oftested hydrant :Flow(l/min) :Pressure (Kpa): ,


Yes. No N/A Remarks4.4.20 Running and static pressure at anyhydrant outlet not exceeding 850 Kpa. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.5 INTERMEDIATE BOOSTERPUMP ' [ ] [ ] [ ]4.5.1 Height between thetopmost hydrant and thelowest F.S. inlet (m):_4.5.2 No. of rising main :4.5.3 Required aggregateflow (1/min) :4.5.4 The pumps are duplicated for duty andstandby use. [ . ] [ ] [ ]4.5.5 The standby pump is energized within15 seconds upon failure of the duty[ ] [ ] [ ]4.5.6 Intermediate booster pumparrangements:—4.5.6.1 One set consisting of duty and standbyto feed all rising mains in the samesystem. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.5.6.2 Two/threeJ pumps of same capacityusing sequential starting as duty pumpswith one standby to achieve requiredflow and pressure within 30 seconds. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.5.7 The motors driving the pumps are ratedto give 20% more power in addition tothe hydraulic power required for therated flow. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.5.8 All pumps are permanently primed andelectrically driven. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.5.9 Pump continues to run irrespective ofpower interruption when start button isactivated. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.5.10 Start/stop push buttons with pumprunning indication light and buzzerprovided adjacent to the fire serviceinlet. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.5.11 The status of each fire pump comprising"Power Supply On", "Pump Running"and "Pump Failed" are monitored anddisplayed at the pump control panels inthe pump enclosures. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.5.12 Such signals are repeated to: [ ] [ ] [ ]Fire control room [ ] orA v status panel at the mainentrance of the building [ ]4.5.13 All fire pumps are housed in suitableenclosures and designed solely foraccommodating pumps for fire serviceinstallations, [ ] [ ] [ ]4.5.14 Pump enclosures are suitably lockedand laid clear of any exit or normalcommunication routes through thepremises. [ ] [ ] [ ]


Yes No N/A Remarks4.5.15 Pump enclosures are clearly marked InEnglish and Chinese characters. [ | [ ] [ J4.5.16 The intermediate booster pump utilizedas the the fixed fire pump. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.5.17 Flow rate and pressure tested inaccordance with Figure No.in Annex I. [ ] I J I JFloor level oftested hydrant:Flow (I/mm) :Pressure (Kpa):4.5 J 8 Running and static pressure at anyhydrant outlet not exceeding 850 Kpa. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.6 RISING MAIN4.6.1 The nominal bore of the rising main, inthe case of industrial/godown buildings:Not less than 100 mm [ ] [ ] [ ]Each rising main supplies two hydrantoutlets per floor [ ] [ ] [ ]4.6.2 The nominal bore of the rising main inother types of buildings:Not less than 80 mm [ ] [ ] [ ]Each rising main supplies one hydrantperfloor [ ] [ ] [ ]4.6.3 Provision of by-pass for intermediatebooster pump. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.6.4 All rising and down-coming mains arepermanently primed. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.6.5 Suitable air relief valves provided. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.6.6 Each rising main is connected to a fireservice inlet. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.6.7 Header pipe(s) provided to connect thefire service inlets to the rising mains. [ .] [ ] [ ]4.6.8 The diameter of the header pipe is:—For industrial/godown buildings notless than 150 mm nominal bore [ ] [ ] [ ]For other buildings not less than 100mm nominal bore [ ] [ ] [ ]4.6.9 For godown/industrial buildings, arising main provided for each staircasewith a fire service inlet. [ . • ] [ ] [ ]4.6.10 Number and location of fire serviceinlets are conforming to latest approvedbuilding plan. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.7 FIRE SERVICE INLET4.7.1 Suitably enclosed and protected. [ ] [ ] [ ]4.7.2 Readily accessible by Fire Servicespersonnel. [ 1 [ 1 [ 1


4.7.3 Not less than 600 mm nor more than1 000 mm above ground level4.7.4 A non-return valve provided for eachinlet.4.7.5 Each inlet is affixed with a metalidentification plate raised or engravedwith English and Chinese characters.4.7.6 The frontage of each inlet enclosure isclearly and permanently indicated inEnglish and Chinese characters "F.S.Inlet" (*$&frA2fC#t) of not less than 50mm high.Yes -No N/A RemarksMMM"V. GENERAL COMMENTS & REMARKSTest witnessed by:—F.S.I. Contractor'sRepresentativeDate(Signature)(Name in block letters)(Signature)(Name in block letters)F.S.D. Inspecting OfficerDate


Annex XXXXVChecklist for CO^/Halon Extinguishing SystemI. REFERENCEProject ..AddressF.S.D. Ref.Location/RoomWorking/Design Drawing Ref.Yes No N/AIs drawing enclosed?Approved Computer Program Ref.Is program enclosed?Is catalogue enclosed?Is certification for pneumatic test to pipings enclosed?II. TYPE OF SYSTEMTotal FloodingModularPre-engineeredHigh PressureSingle HazardPrimary Bank Only[[[[[[333113Local Application [Cylinder [Engineered [Low Pressure [Multiple Hazard [With Reserve Bank [331333COj[ 3BTM[ 1BCF[ 3III. PROTECTED AREA3.1 Does occupancy tally with approvedbuilding plans?3.2 Does compartmentation of protectedpremises tally with approved buildingplans? c,3.3 Does general layout tally with F.S!.drawings?3.4 Are openings properly sealed orclosable automatically during/beforeagent discharge?3.5 Arc warning/instruction signs providedat entrance to; and in the case ofnormally occupied premises, inside theprotected area?Yes No Remarks[ 3 [ 1[ 3 [ 3 •••••••[ 3 [ 3 -••[ 3 ..[ .] •••••-[ 3 [ 3


3.6 Does the following components:—3.6.13,6.23.6.33.6.43.6.53.6.63.6.73.6.83.6.93.6.10THE4.14.1.14.1.24.1.34.1.44.1.54.1.64.1.74.L84.1.94.1.104.1. il4.1.124.24.2.14.2.24.2.3Tally with drawings?YesAudio Alarm—Bell/Buzzer etc. [ ] (Visual Alarm—Light/Strobe etc. [ ] [Detector [ ] [Manual Release [ ] [Piping [ ] [Nozzles [ ] [Agent Container { j [Control/Indication Panel [ ] [Ignition/Fuelsource shut downdevice [ ] [Other Mechanical/Electrical/PneumaticOperating Device [ ] [SYSTEM (STATIC CHECK)Are system componentsapproved/listed?Actuating SolenoidCylinder Valve AssemblyCylinder/Agent ContainerFlexible HoseDistributor/Selector ValvePilot CylinderNo]3]3]]1.Alarm Bell (For Normal Application)Siren/YodalarmControl/Indication PanelRemote Manual Release UnitDetectorDischarge NozzleIs permanent nameplate with adequateinformation provided to:—BTM Container?BCF Container?CO, Container?4.3 Is reliable means of indication providedfor the determination of pressure inBCF/BTM container?4.4 Does the means of indication accountfor variation of container pressure withtemperature?]]]If not, whether the as-fitted location/positionacceptable?Yes[ ][ ]E ][ ]Yes[ ][ 3[ 1[ 1[ 3.[. JNo[ i[ ][ ][ ][ ][ ]Remarks[ ] •[ ]No[ ][ ][ ][ ][ ][ ][ ][ ][ ]t ][ ][ ][ ][ ][ ][ ]I 1Remarks• •


4.5 Is agent of sufficient quantity provided?4.6 Is cylinder/container properlymounted/secured?4.7 Are markings on nozzles showing make;type and orifice size readily discernible?4.8 Are pipings properly installed andsecured in accordance with approvedguide?4.9 Are pipings properly earthed?4.10 Are pipings suitably protected againstmechanical, chemical, vibration or otherdamage?4.11 Are pipings of the approved typeprovided?(Please indicate the type used):—4.11.1 For 25-bar or 42-bar system:—4.11.1.1 BS 3601 Seamless Schedule 80 [ ]4.11.1.2 ASTM A53 [ J4.11.1.3 ASTM A1064.11.1.4 JIS34544.11.2 For 25-bar system only:[ ][ ]4.11.2.1 BS 1387 Heavy Grade ButtWelded [ ](Up to and including 50 mmnominal pipe size)4.11.2.2 BS 3601 Seamless Schedule 40 [ ](Up to and including 100 mmnominal pipe size)4.12 Are jointings of approved typeprovided?(Please indicate the type employed):—Screwed Joints [ ]Welded Joints [ ]Others (Please state)[ JYes No Remarkstill[ ] [ 1[ ] [ I[ ] [ ][ ] [ J[ ] [ 1[ ] [ ]t i4.13 Is electrical apparatus intrinsically safeor of flame-proof type?(For application in explosiveatmosphere only)4.13.1 Detector [ ]4.13.2 Fire Alarm Bell/Sounder [ ]4.13.3 Opening/Closing device will notgenerate sparks [ J4.13.4 Ventilation shut down device will notgenerate sparks [ ][ 1t ]


V. DETECTION, ACTUATION & CONTROL SYSTEM (STATIC CHECK). Yes No Remarks5.1 Is the correct type of detector provided? [ ] { J.(Please indicate the type employed):—Heat [ ] Smoke [ J .5.2 Is operating alarm/indicator provided?. [ ] [ ](Please indicate the type provided):—Alarm [ ] Indication [ ]Both [ ] Audio [ ]Visual [' ' ] Olfactory [ ]5.3 Do electrical sources i.e. AC & PCprovide adequate source of energyfor:—5.3.1 Detection? [ ] [ ]5.3.2 Operating device? [ ] [ ]5.4 Is manual control suitably protectedagainst mechanical, -weather orenvironmental damage? [ ] [ ]5.5 Is manual control for actuation easilyaccessible at all times? [ ] [ ]VI. FUNCTIONAL TEST (DYNAMIC TEST)6.1 Does detector operate satisfactorily? [ ] [ ]6.2 If cross-zoning employed, is the zoningof detectors satisfactorily arranged? [ ] [ ]6.3 Does operating alarm/indicationfunction properly? [ 3 [ ]6.4 Does actuating solenoid operatesatisfactorily? [ ] [ ]6.5 Does selector/distributor valve operateproperly? [ ] [ ]6.6 Does the manual control require a forceof not more than 178 newtons to secureoperation? [ ] [ ]6.7 Does the manual control require amovement of not more than 356 mm tosecure operation? [ ] [ ]6.8 Is the shut-down of ventilation systemsatisfactorily accomplished? [ ] [ ]. . 6.9 If time delay of not more than 30seconds is incorporated, does it functionProperly? [ ] [ ]VII. PRACTICAL DISCHARGE TEST (DYNAMIC TEST) (IF REQUIRED)By Desigried Agent [ ]By Approved Substitute [ ]Yes No Remarks7J Does agent discharge time within thelimit specified by F.S.D.? [ ] [ ]7.2 Are pipings securely installed to preventpipe displacement or hazardousmovement during discharge? [ ] [ ]73 Is mechanical tightness of pipings andassociated equipment in order? [ ] [ 1


VIII. REINSTATEMENT OF SYSTEM AFTER DISCHARGE (STATIC CHECK)Yes No8.1 Is replacement cylinder/container of thecorrect type with sufficient pressure andcontent provided? [ ] [ ]8.2 Is cylinder/container properly mounted? [ ] [ ]8.3 Is cylinder/container properlyconnected? . [ ] [ ]8.4 Is control/indication panel properlyreset? , [ ] [ ]8.5 Is ETL properly replaced/reinstated? [ ] [ ]8.6 Is actuating solenoid properlylinked/connected?IX. GENERAL COMMENTS & REMARKS]RemarksTest witnessed by:—F.S.I. Contractor'sRepresentativeDate(Signature)(Name in block letters)(Signature)(Name in block letters)F.S.D. Inspecting OfficerDate


..Annex XXXXVX...: CERTIFICATE OF FIRE"SERVICE^ 1NSTALL-ATIONS : AND EQL1PMENTN&ne of Client:;•'•«**•'• .;•;.•' •••--.. ••• •-•>•—... -- ;•.\ddrtss: "''.' -Name of Building"S?,'5 S. - ,.; •.PART 1 JST[ .Flat/Room 15,Block 3EIJiFioor.9!iDistrict/Area ER#j !1 Sa-i Ying- Pim>H.K.Typc.of In.«;ta.ikti onNature of Work Carried outCommcal en Condition10.11.12.4.6kg C02 F-E.1.5kg BCF F.E.Sand bucket X45kg C02 F.E.XXXX 5811CheckCheckCheckCheckGoodGoodGoodGoodworkingworkingworkingworkingorderorderorderc rdc *P.4JIT1%ZMhen: No. Defects Commcnl on DefectsThe works listed in Part ! above were completed on —••j^n—2^159-5 and the above insiaIlariotis/


nHXPhases 2 r 3 & 4 Improvement ProgrammeFS. Installation Enhancement WorksEstateChai Wan10, liBlk/HseDescription of WorksProvision of portable fireextinguisherStart DateAnt. Act.Comp, DateAnt. Act.3/96 2/96Progress(%)100RemarksCompletedChai Wan13, 14, 15Provision of exit signTo be finalisedChai Wan9,10,11,12Provision of emergencylighting5/966/96Hing Wah IINing Hing, Chin Hing, Fung Hing, On Hing, Lok HingProvision of wet riser/Conversion from dry riser towet riser3/9612/95100CompletedHing Wah II&All BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedYue WanAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalised-


EstateYau TongBIk/Hse5, 6, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16 (Block 4 included in Phase 1work)Description of WorksProvision of portable fireextinguisher (2 P.E. on eachfloor)Start DateAnt. Act.2/96Com p. DateAnt. Act.3/96Progress


EstateSau Mau PingIIIShun OnShun OnShun OnShun OnSau Mau Ping IIKwun Tong(LYMR)Wo LokBIk/Hse32,33,35,37,38,39,40,41On KwanOn KwanOn Chung, On YatAll Blocks21,22,23,24,25All BlocksCheung On, Hing On, Fu On, Kin On, Tai On, PingOn, Yee On, Man OnDescription of WorksProvision of portable fireextinguisherProvision of portable fireextinguisherProvision of wet riser /Conversion from dry riser towet riserProvision of exit signProvision of emergencylightingProvision of exit signProvision of portable fireextinguisherProvision of portable fireextinguisherStart DateAnt. j Act.11/9510/9611/9511/9511/95Comp. DateAnt.3/963/966/9712/953/96 % Act.2/96Progress(%)100100100RemarksSome outstandingworks pendingLower than 30m,by consultantTo be finalisedCompletedTo be finalisedCompletedCompletedMeeting Date: 04/10/95Page : 3


Wo LokEstateBIk/HseCheung On, Hing On ? Fu On, Kin On, Tai On, PingOn, Yee On, Man OnDescription of WorksProvision of wet riser /Conversion from dry riser towet riserStart DateAnt. Act.10/96Comp. DateAnt. Act.9/97Progress(%)RemarksLower than 30m,by consultantWo LokSun On, Kui On (Hang On House included in Phase 1work)Extension of F.S.Inlet1/963/96100CompletedWo LokSun On, Kui On, Hang OnProvision of exit signTo be finalisedMeeting Date: 04/10/95 jIPage : 4 {


Tnter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing Estates Progress Report onF.S. Installation Enhancement Works - Meeting held with FSD on 18/10/95EstateBik/HseDescription of WorksStart DateAnt. Act.Comp. DateAnt. Act.Progress(%)RemarksLai KingAll BlocksProvision of portable fireextinguisher3/963/963/96Lai KingAH BlocksProvision of wet riser/Conversion from dry riser towet riser8/958/956/96Lai KingYetrng King, On KingExtension of F.S.Inlet4/966/96Lai KingAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedLai YiuAH BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedSoUkAll BlocksProvision of portable fireextinguisher3/96Meeting Date: 18/10/95 jPage : 1 j


I SoUkEstateAil BlocksBIk/HseDescription of WorksProvision of wet riser/Conversion from dry riser towet riserStart DateAnt. | Act.4/954/95Comp. DateAnt. Act.4/96Progress


EstateKwai Shing(West)Blk/HseSKH Chu Van Primary SchoolDescription of WorksProvision of wet riser withextension of F.S.InletStart DateAnt. Act.Comp. DateAnt. I Act.Progress(%)RemarksTo be provided byEDFuk LoiAll BlocksProvision of portable fireextinguisher12/95100CompletedFuk LoiAll BlocksProvision of wet riser /Conversion from dry riser towet riser8/958/955/96Fuk LoiWing Ka, Wing Hong, Wing Lok, Wing TaiProvision of exit signTo be finalisedShekYam1,2,4,5Provision of portable fireextinguisher3/962/96100CompletedShek Lei II10,11,12,16Provision of portable fireextinguisher100CompletedShek Lei II10,11Provision of wet riser/Conversion from dry riser towet riser6/97Re-used as THAShek Lei II10,11Provision of exit signTo be finalised[Meeting Date : I8/To/95IPage : 3


EstateCheung ShanAll BlocksBlk/HseDescription of WorksProvision of exit signStart Daie |Ant.Act]Comp. DateAnt.Act.ProgressRemarksTo be finalisedCheung ShanAll BlocksProvision of emergencylighting12/963/97Lei Muk Shue1,2,4,6Provision of portable fireextinguisher100CompletedLei Muk Shue1,2,4,6Provision of wet riser /Conversion from dry riser towet riser10/966/97Lower than 30m,by consultantLei Muk Shue2, 3, 5, Chuk Shue, Yung Shue, Pak ShueProvision of exit signTo be finalisedLei Muk Shue,3,5Provision of emergencyighting9/9612/96San FatNo further improvement works necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateSam Shing11 BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedMeeting Date ; 18/10/95jPage ; 4 \


EstateTai HingHing WaiBlk/HseDescription of WorksProvision of portable fireextinguisherStart DateAnt. Act.Comp. DateAnt. Act.12/95Progress(%)100RemarksCompletedTai HingHing WaiProvision of wet riser /Conversion from dry riser towet riser10/966/97Lower than 30m,by consultantTai HingHing Cheung, Hing Shing, Hing Tai, Hing Ping, HingFat, Hing YiuProvision of exit signTo be finalisedYuen LongAll BlocksProvision of portable fireextinguisher3/962/96100CompletedMeeting Date: 18/10/95]Page : 5 I


Tnter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing Estates Progress Report onF.S. Installation Enhancement Works - Meeting held with FSD on 06/11/95EstateValley RoadBIk/HseDescription of WorksNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedStart DateAnt. Act.Comp. DateAnt.Act.Progress


EstateWong ChukHangAll BlocksBlk/HseDescription of WorksProvision of wet riser/Conversion from dry riser towet riserStart DateAnt. Act,1/95 1/95Comp. DateAnt. Act.3/96Progress(%)RemarksI1Wong ChukHangAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedWong ChukHang,3,6,7Provision of emergencylighting11/963/97North PointAll BlocksProvision of portable fireextinguisher12/9512/953/962/96100CompletedNorth PointAll BlocksProvision of wet riser /Conversion from dry riser towet riser10/969/97Lower than 30m,by consultantModel HousingA, B, D, E, FProvision of portable fireextinguisher12/9512/951/961/96100CompletedModel HousingA, B, D, E, FProvision of wet riser/Conversion from dry riser towet riser10/96•6/97Lower than 30m,by consultantModel HousingCProvision of exit signTo be finalised11 Meeting Date : 06/11/95 jP •: 2 j


EstateModel HousingA, B, D, E» FBIk/HseDescription of WorksProvision of emergencylightingStart DateAnt. Act.12/96Comp. Date3/97Progress(%)RemarksSai WanAll BlocksProvision of portable fireextinguisher11/9511/9512/9512/95100CompletedSai WanAH BlocksProvision of wet riser /Conversion from dry riser towet riser4/954/953/96Sai WanAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedShek Pai WanAll BlocksProvision of portable fireextinguisher11/9511/952/962/96100CompletedWah Fu IAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedWah.FuIVahKee,WahYuProvision of emergencyighting12/963/97Wah FullAll Blocks^ovision of exit signTo be finalised12 Meeting Date: 06/11/95Page : 3 |


EstateLung TinTin Lee, Tin NingBlk/HseDescription of WorksProvision of exit signStart DateAnt. \ Act.Comp. DateAnt. J Act.Progress(%)RemarksTo be finalised]13Meeting Date ; 06/11/95Page ; 4


Inter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing Estates Progress Report onF.S. Installation Enhancement Works - Meeting held with FSD on 22/11/95EstateShatin PassAll BlocksBIk/HseDescription of WorksProvision of portable fireextinguisherStart DateHj ^ ^ ^ ^Ant. Act! Ant. Act.Progress(%)100CompletedShatin PassAH BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedTsz OiAll BlocksProvision of portable fireextinguisher1/962/962/962/96100CompletedTsz ManMan ChunProvision of portable fireextinguisher1/961/962/961/96100CompletedFu ShanAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalised14Meeting Date: 22/11/95 jPage : I i


EstateBIk/HseDescription of WorksStart DateComp. DateProgressRemarksAnt.Act.Ant.Act.Choi HungAll BlocksProvision of wet riser/Conversion from dry riser towet riser12/95100CompletedChoi HungAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedPing ShekAJ! BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedPing ShekSt. John Primary SchoolProvision of wet riser withextension of F.S.InletTo be provided byEDPing ShekYan Kow Primary SchoolProvision of wet riser withextension of F.S.InletTo be provided byEDChoi Wan IIAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalised15Meeting Date : 22/11/951Page : 2 !


EstateNgau Tau Kok(Lower) IAil BlocksBIk/HseDescription of WorksProvision of portable fireextinguisherStart DateAnt.L ActComp. DateAnt. Act3/96Progress(%)Ngau Tau Kok(Lower) I4,5,6.7-Provision of wet riser /Conversion from dry riser towet riser6/963/97Ngau Tau Kok(Lower) I4,5,6,-7Provision of exit signTo be finalisedNgau Tau Kok(Lower) I1,3,7Provision of emergencylighting10/953/97Ngau Tau Kok(Lower) ISt. BASCO SchoolProvision of wet riserTo be provided byEDNgau Tau Kok(Lower) IIAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalised16[Meeting Date": 22/11/95~jIPage : 3 i


EstateBik/HseDescription of WorksStart DateAnt. Act.Comp. DateAnt. Act.ProgressRemarksWong Tai Sin(Upper)Cheung Chak, Cheung Chiap, Cheung Chung, CheungHei, Cheung Lai, Cheung Moon, Cheung Tai, CheungTsz, Cheung Wai, Cheung Wo, Cheung Yan, CheungYat, Cheung Yiu, Cheung Yuet (Cheung Yee Housei.e. Block 5, included in Phase 1 work)Provision of portable fireextinguisher (2 P.E. on eachfloor)12/95100CompletedLek YuenAH BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedWo CheAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalised17Meeting Date: 22/11/95 jPage : 4 ;


Inter-Denartmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Puhlic Housing Estates Progress Report _on_F.S. Installation Enhancement Works - Meeting held with FSD on 27/12/95EstateChuk Yuen(South)All BlocksBIk/HseDescription of WorksProvision of exit signStart DateAnt. ActComp. DateAnt.Act.Progress(%)RemarksTo be finalisedChuk Yuen(North)All BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedWang Tau HornWang Chak, Wang Fai, Wang Fu, Wang Hin, WangHing, Wang Kei, Wang Kwong, Wang On, Wang Tak,Wang YipProvision of exit signTo be finalisedLokFuNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateWong Tai Sin(Lower) ILung Tat, Lung Yat, Lung YueProvision of exit signTo be finalisedChak OnAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalised18Meeting Date: 27/12/95|Page : I •


EstateBIk/HseDescription of WorksStart DateComp. DateProgressRemarksAntAct.Ant.Act'(%)Shek Kip Mei1-13, 15-18, 25-37, 39-41 (Blocks 14, 38 included inPhase I work)Provision of portable fireextinguisher11/9511/951/961/96100CompletedShek Kip Mei19-24,42-44Provision of exit signTo be finalisedShek Kip Mei1-7, 14, 19-23,35-41Provision of emergencylighting3/963/963/97Nam ShanNam Ming, Nam On, Nam TaiProvision of exit signTo be fmaiisedTai Hang TungTung LungProvision of exit signTo be finalisedTai Hang TungTung Fu, Tung San, Tung Wan, Tung Wing, Tung WoProvision of emergencylighting100CompletedPakTin4Provision of portable fireextinguisher11/9511/951/961/96100CompletedPak Tin12Provision of wet riser /Conversion from dry riser towet riser10/966/97Lower than 30m,by consultant19Meeting Date: 27/12/95]Page : 2 j


Estate•PakTin9, 10, !!, 13B!k/HseDescription of WorksProvision of exit signStart DateAnt Act.Comp. DateAnt.Act.Progress(%)RemarksTo be finalisedSun Tin WaiAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedLung HangAil BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedPok HongAH BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedHin KengAH BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedMei LamAH BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedShaKokAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedChun ShekAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalised20 Meeting Date: 27/12/95 jPage : 3 I


EstateBIk/HseDescription of WorksStart DateAnt. Act.Comp. DateAnt.Act.Progress(%)RemarksSun ChulAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedHeng OnAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedYiuOnAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedKwong YuenAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedLee OnNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateTaiYuenAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedKwong FukAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedFu ShinAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalised21 Meeting Date : 27/12/95 [Page : 4


Tai WoEstateAll BlocksBlk/HseDescription of WorksProvision of exit signStart DateAnt. Act.Com p. DateAnt.ActProgressT"" Rema rksTo be finalisedFu HengNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateWan Tau TongNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateChoi YuenAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedCheung WahAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedTai PingAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedTin PingAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedWall MingAll Blocks^ovision of exit signTo be finalised22Meeting Date : 27/12/95 JPage : 5 ;


Inter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing Estates Progress Report onF.S. Installation Enhancement Works - Meeting held with FSD on 03/01/96EstateBlk/HseDescription of WorksStart DateComp. DateProgressRemarksAnt.Act.Ant.Act.(%)Hung HornNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateAp Lei ChauAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedLei TungAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedMa HangNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateWah KwaiWah Hau, Wah Lai, Wah LimProvision of exit signTo be finalisedCheung KwaiAll BlocksProvision of wet riser /Conversion from dry riser towet riser10/969/97Lower than 30m,by consultant23Meeting Date: 03/01/96]Page : l |


EstateNgan WanNgan YatBlk/HseDescription of WorksProvision of exit signStart DateAnt. Act.Comp. DateAnt.Act.ProgressI o be finalisedLok Wah(South)All BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedLok Wah(North)All BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedShun TinAH BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedSau Mau Ping ISau MingProvision of exit signTo be finalisedHing TinAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedTsui Ping(South).Tsui YingProvision of exit signTo be finalisedTsui Ping(North)^sui Lau, Tsui Mui, Tsui Nam, Tsui On, Tsui Pak,Tsui To, Tsui Tsz, Tsui Yeung, Tsui Yue, Tsui YungProvision of exit signTo be finalised24Meeting Date : 03/01/96)Page : 2 '


Inter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing Estates Progress Report onF.S. Installation Enhancement Works - Meeting held with FSD on 10/01/96EstateBlk/HseDescription of WorksStart DateComp. DateProgressRemarksAnt.Act.Ant.ActKwai HingNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateKwai FongKwai Chi, Kwai YanProvision of exit signTo be finalisedShek Wai KokAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedLai KokAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedNam CheongAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedLei Cheng UkAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalised25(Meeting Date: 10/01/96IPage : f


Lai OnEstateBlk/I-IseDescription of WorksNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedStart DateAnt. Act.—Comp. DateAnt. Act.Progress(%)Existing provisionis adequateKwai Shing(East)12Provision of wet riser /Conversion from dry riser towet riser6/9612/96Kwai Shing(East)12, Shing Fung, Shing HeiProvision of exit signTo be finalisedTai Wo Hau20, Fu Ching, Fu Keung, Fu Kwai, Fu Kwok, Fu Man,Fu Nga, Fung On, Fu Pik, Fu Ping, Fu Pong, Fu Sau,Fu Wah, Fu Wing, Fu YatProvision of exit signTo be finalisedShek Lei IShek Chun, Shek Hing, Shek Ning, Shek Sau, ShekYatProvision of exit signTo be finalisedOn YamNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateCheung ChingAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedCheung ChingAll BlocksProvision of emergencyighting1/963/96100Completed26Meeting Date: 10/01/96;Page : 2 j


EstateBIk/HseDescription of WorksStart DateAnt. Act.Comp. DateAnt.Act.Progress(%)RemarksCheung HongAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedCheung OnAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedTsing YiAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedCheung FatAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedCheung HangHang Chi, Hang Chui, Hang Lai, Hang YipProvision of exit signTo be finalisedOn TingAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedYauOiAlt BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedButterflyAH BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalised27Meeting Date : 10/01/96;Page : 3


EstateWu KingAll BlocksBik/HseDescription of WorksProvision of exit signStart DateAnt.Act.Comp. DateAnt.Act.ProgressTo be finalisedShan KingAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedKin SangAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedTin KingTin Lok, Tin Tsui, Tin YueProvision of exit signTo be finalisedLeung KingAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedShui Pin WaiAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedLong PingAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedTin Shui I^o further improvement works necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequate28Meeting Date: 10/01/96;Page : 4 !


EstateBIk/HseDescription of WorksStart DateConip. DateProgressRemarksAnt.Act.Ant.Act.(%>Tin Shui IINo ftirther improvement work,is necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateTin Yiu INo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateTin Yiu IINo ftirther improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequate29Meeting Date : 10/01/96jPage : 5 j


Inter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Public Housing Estates ProgressJRei>ortj>!L•F.S. Installation Enhancement Works - Meeting held with FSD on 17/01/96EstateHing ManAH BlocksBIk/HseDescription of WorksProvision of exit signStart DateAnt.Act.Comji. DateAnt. Act.Progress(%)RemarksTo be finalisedWan TsuiAJJ BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedFung WahAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedSiu Sai WanSui Fat, Sui Fu, Sui Fuk, Sui Hei, Sui Keung, Sui Lok,Sui Moon, Siu Shing, Siu YickProvision of exit signTo be finalisedTsui WanAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedTak TinNo further improvement works necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequate30Meeting Date: 17/01/96;Page : 1


EstateBIk/HseDescription of WorksStart DateAnt. Act.Comp. DateAnt.Act.Progress(%)RemarksKwong TinNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateKoYeeNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateYiu TungNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequatePoLamAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedTsui LamAH BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedKing LamKing Min, King NamProvision of exit signTo be finalisedHau TakNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequate31Meeting Date : 17/01/96;Page : 2 !


Inter-Departmental Working Group on Fire Safety in Puhlic Housing Estates ProgressF.S. Installation Enhancement Works - Meeting held with FSD on 31/01/96Tsz LokEstateBlk/HseDescription of WorksNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedStart DateAnt.ActCom p. DateAnt.Act.ProgressExisting provisionis adequateChoi FaiNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateMei TungMei TungProvision of wet riser /Conversion from dry riser towet riser3/9690Pending waterconnectionMei Tungvlei TungProvision of exit signTo be finalisedKai YipAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedWong Tai Sin(Lower) IILung Fai, Lung Kwong, Lung Fook, Lung Gut, LungHing, Lung Lok, Lung On, Lung ShingProvision of exit signTo be finalised32Meeting Date : 31/01/96!Page : 1 I


EstateBlk/HseDescription of WorksStart DateAnt. Act.Comp. DateAnt Act.Progress(%)RemarksWong Tai Sin(Lower) II^ung Fai, Lung KwongProvision of emergencylighting3/97Tung Tau I22Provision of exit signTo be finalisedTung Tau IIFu Tung, Hong Tung, Mau Tung, On Tung, ShingTung, Tai Tung, Wong Tung, Yan Tung, Ying Tung,Yiu Tung, Yue Tung, Yat TungProvision of exit signTo be finalisedFung TakNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateTsz ChingNo fiirther improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateChoi Wan IAll BlocksProvision of exit signTo be finalisedJordan ValleyNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequateChoi HaNo further improvement workis necessary/recommendedExisting provisionis adequate33Meeting Date: 31/0I/96JPage : 2 \


Annex XXXXVIV1978 Ed.] Fire Service (Installations and Equipment) [CAP. 95RegulationsBIFIRE SERVICE (INSTAIXATIONS AND EQUIPMENT)REGULATIONSUN. 120/71.L.N.~269/78.(Cap. 95, section 25)[1st June, 1972.]L.N. 56/72.1* These regulations may be cited as the Fire Service (Installa- Citation,tions and Equipment) Regulations.2. In these regulations, unless the context otherwise requires— Interpretation,"equipment list'* means the list kept under regulation 4;"portable equipment" means any fire service equipment which ismanufactured, used or designed to be used as an independentunit for the purpose of extinguishing, attacking, preventing orlimiting a fire;"registered contractor*' means a fire service installation contractor L.N. 269/78.registered under the Fire Service (Installation Contractors)Regulations.3. (1) The Director may from time to time approve for saleor supply any type of portable equipment.(2) Any person aggrieved by any decision of the Directorunder paragraph (1) may, within 14 days after the date when suchdecision has come to that person's notice, appeal by way of petitionto the Governor who may confirm, vary or reverse the decision.(3) The decision of the Governor on the appeal shall be final.4. (1) The Director shall cause a list to be kept of portableequipment approved by him under regulation 3.(2) A list of portable equipment approved by the Directorshall—(a) be published in the Gazette at least once in every year;and(b) be made available for inspection by any person at allreasonable times free of charge at the offices of the FireServices Department and at each fire station in HongKong.Approval ofportableequipment.List to be keptof approvedportableequipment.5. No person shall sell or supply any portable equipment Prohibition onwhich is not included in the equipment list. Stable 8 **" 1equipment.6. (1) Subject to paragraph (2), no fire service installation Installationfor equipment shall be installed in any premises by any person f n s^a^^other than a registered contractor.of equipment.


B2 CAP. 95] Fire Service (Installations and Equipment) [1978 Ed.Regulations[Subsidiary]Maintenanceor repair offire serviceinstallationsor equipment.L.N. 269/78.Duty of ownersof fire serviceinstallationsor equipmentIssue ofcertificatesby registeredcontractors.L.N. 269/78.L.N. 269/78.(Cap. 95, sub. leg.)(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any portable equipmentwhich is not required by law to be installed in any premises.7, (1) Subject to paragraph (2), no person other than aregistered contractor shall maintain, inspect or repair any fire serviceinstallation or equipment which is installed in any premises.(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any portable equipmentwhich is not required by law to be installed in any premises.8« The owner of any fire service installation or equipmentwhich is installed in any premises shall—(a) keep such fire service installation or equipment in efficientworking order at ail times; and(h) have such fire service installation or equipment inspectedby a registered contractor at least once in every 12 months,9, (1) Whenever a registered contractor installs, maintains,repairs or inspects any fire service installation or equipment in anypremises, he shall within 14 days after completion of the work issueto the person on whose instructions the work was undertaken acertificate and forward a copy thereof to the Director.(2) A certificate issued under paragraph (1) shall state—(a) the address of the premises in which the work was carriedout;(b) a description of the fire service installation or equipmentconcerned;(ha) the date of the completion of the work;(c) the nature of the work carried out; and(d) whether or not the fire service installation or equipmentis in efficient working order.(2A) A certificate issued under paragraph (1) shall be signedby the person authorized to do so under regulation 3A of the FireService (Installation Contractors) Regulations and any person whosigns a certificate which is false or misleading in any material particularcommits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine ofL.N. 269/78..N\ fit Hi(3) Any registered contractor who—(a) contravenes paragraph (1); or(b) issues or forwards a certificate thereunder, or a copy thereof,which is false or misleading in a material particular,commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of ^2,Provided that where the certificate was signed by a personother than the registered contractor, the registered contractor shall


1978 Ed.] Fire Service (Installations and Equipment) [CAP. 95Regulationsnot be convicted of an offence under sub-paragraph (h) if he provesthat he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of theoffence.10. (1) The Director may, by notice in the Gazette, prescribea Code of Practice which shall govern the inspection and testing offire service equipment.* (2) Any fire service installation or equipment shall be deemedto be in efficient working order if it complies with the requirementsspecified by the Director in the Code of Practice prescribed underparagraph (1).(3) The Code of Practice prescribed under paragraph (1)B3[Subsidiary]Standard ofinspection.{a) *be publishedUn/the Gazette at least once in every year;(b) be made available for inspection by any person at allreasonable times free of charge at the offices of the FireServices Department and at each fire station in HongKong.11. The Director may authorize the Deputy Director or aChief Fire Officer to exercise any of the powers or duties conferredor imposed on him by these regulations.12. Any person who contravenes any of the provisions ofregulation 5, 6, 7 or 8 shall be guilty of an offence and shall beliable on conviction to a fine of f"firDelegation o(powers.Penalty.


Annex XXXXXFIRE SERVICES DEPARTMENT(Fire Protection Bureau)FSI Division Procedural Instruction Enclosure Ho. 19Source orReferenceProcedures for RegistrationFire Service Installation Contractors - Class 1, 2 and 3This revised Procedural Instruction replaces and supersedes theexisting Procedural Instruction No. 19 on the same subject, which is nowto be removed and destroyed. This Instruction is to be read inconjunction with the Fire Service (Installation Contractors) Regulations,Fire Services Ordinance, Cap. 95, Laws of Hong Kong. The AccountingProcedures on Registration of Fire Service Installation Contractors,which is kept by EO(P), provide for guidance on payment of fees for theregistration of contractors.(31) inFPB 133/07 II2. The Fire Service (Installation Contractors) Regulations imposecertain powers and duties upon the Director of Fire Services and, at thesame time, limit the Director f s power of delegation (in terms of theseparticular Regulations) to the Deputy Director or a Chief Fire Officer.Legal opinion has confirmed that as long as the Chief Fire Officeractually applies his mind to determining whether an applicant satisfiesthe requirements for registration, his presence at the examination orinterview is not necessary. The Executive Officer(P) has, however, beendesignated to check and verify all documents involved in the registrationprocess.Registration Procedures for Class I and/or 2 ContractorsSubmission of Application3. Applications for registration as a Class 1 and/or 2 FireService Installation Contractor are to be made on a prescribed form (Form1) with the following supporting documents/information :-(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)Officially certified true copy of the company's currentBusiness Registration Certificate;Officially certified true copy of the company's applicationform for registration under the Business RegistrationRegulations;In case of a limited liability company, a printed copy of theMemorandum and Articles of Association and a certified truecopy of the Certificate of Incorporation of the company;A list of equipment owned by the applicant for use in theinstallation, maintenance, inspection or repair of fire serviceinstallation or equipment;The address of every workshop to be used by the applicant as afire service installation contractor;


Source orReferenceProcedures for RegistrationFire Service Installation Contractors - Class 1, 2 and 3(f) Copies of documents/certificates to prove the applicant or atleast one of the applicant's directors, employees or partners,meeting the qualifying requirements stipulated in Regulations4(2) and 4(3) of the Fire Service (Installation Contractors)Regulations;(g)Names, status and specimen signature of persons authorized tosign a certificate in accordance with Regulation 3A of the FireService (Installation Contractors) Regulations;(h) A confirmation in writing on whether the qualified person(s)is/are at the same time employed by another registeredcontractor in accordance with Regulation 3(5) of the FireService (Installation Ccmrractors) Regulations,19 inB(C) 254/13For applicants who have not provided all the supporting documents orequipment in his workshop, a standard letter (FSI 3O7A) and/or a list ofthe required equipment are to be issued for his attention.4. When an application together with supporting documents/information are received, CO (Contractors 1 Registry) [CO(CR)] will open acase file and report to EO(P) on the validity and accurancy of thesedocuments *5.. E0(P) will verify particulars of the application and seekadvice, as required, from :-(a) the Qualifications Section of Civil Service Branch onqualifications of electrical engineering;(b) the DO(I&R) on approval of fire service installations orequipment as stipulated in Regulation 4(2)(b) of the FireService (Installation Contractors) Regulations.6. When the documents have been confirmed in order, CO(CR) willprepare notice of payment (in triplicate) to the applicant- After thepayment has been settled, CO i/c (Licensing) will enter details into thefl FSI Contractors Accounting Ledger 11 , stamp on the copy of notice ofpayment kept in the licensing office, certify settlement of payment andpass it to EO(P) for further action.Workshop Inspectionin•CO 254/137* EO(P) will then pass the file to Eng(FSI) for arrangement ofworkshop inspection by an officer' [BSI(FSI)/ABSI(FSI)] in his Division.The applicant will also be advised to arrange the attendance of hisqualified person(s) during time of the inspection to demonstrate theworking efficiency of equipment included therein. In the case of asuccessful workshop inspection, the inspecting officer will submit areport (FSI/510) to Eng(FSI) for recommendation to CFO(P) for acceptance.If the inspection is unsatisfactory, the applicant will have to apply fora re-inspection to his workshop.


Source orReferenceProcedures for RegistrationFire Service Installation Contractors - Class 1, 2 and 3Interview8-u Pn a satisfactory inspection to the workshop, EO(P) willarrange an interview for the applicant or his representative and thecompetent person(s) to confirm the requirement under Regulation 3(3) andadvise them to follow provisions in the Fire Service (InstallationContractors) Regulations and the Fire Service (Installations andEquipment) Regulations when they discharge the duties of a registered FSIContractor.Registration9. After confirming all the formalities, EO(P) will recommend toCFO(P) for approval of registration. An approval letter and acertificate together with an assigned registration number will then besigned by CFO(P) and forwarded to the applicant by registered mail.EO(P) will then complete the applicant's details on the contractors 1register(s) accordingly.10. The CO(CR) will update records and computer information ofevery new entry and amendment. The names of registered FSI contractorsin Classes 1 and 2 will be gazetted for general information twice peryear under Regulation 5(4)(a).Registration Procedures for Class 3 ContractorsSubmission of Application11. Applications for registration as a Class 3 Fire ServiceInstallation Contractor are to be made on a prescribed form (Form 2).All application forms received will be vetted by EO(P) for accuracybefore the applicant being requested to pay the fee for a writtenexamination which is normally scheduled to take place in June/December.EO(P) will then enter details of all eligible applicants in a register,which will be closed to enrolment endorsed by CFO(P) about one monthbefore the examination date and requesting the Civil Service ExaminationsUnit to make the necessary examination arrangements.Wri 11en Examinat ion12. When examination arrangements have been finalized by the CivilService Examinations Unit, E0(P) will inform the qualified applicantsof the venue, date and time of the examination.M.232 inFPB 247/01M-139 in247/021113. Draft examination questions with model answers in both Englishand Chinese will then be set and moderated by officer(s) appointed byCFO(P) with a view to maintaining consistency of standard. CFO(P) willdecide on the questions for the examination. The selected questions willthen be forwarded to Civil Service Examinations Unit for printing byE0(P) under confidential cover.


Source orReferenceProcedures for RegistrationFire Service Installation Contractors - Glass 1, 2 and 3M.33 in FPB(C)247/02III14. The examination will be held under the control of the CiviService Examinations Unit. FPB officer(s) nominated by CFO(P) wilaccompany personnel of the Examinations Unit to attend the examinatiocentre and answer enquiries from candidates as and when required. Answepapers will then be collected by EG(P)/SCQ(P) for marking undeconfidential cover.15. CFO(P) will then appoint a panel of officers to mar:answer papers and consider their recommendations for final approvalEO(P) will then inform applicants of their examination results and notif;those successful ones to pay the fee for a final interview, 'Interview16. CFO(P) will then appoint an Interview Panel comprising Eng(FSI]as Chairman and one ADO(P) of FPB/HQ to interview candidates who havesuccessful passed the written examination.17. Candidates will be required to answer questions with practicaldemonstration at the interview on the following subjects :-(i)(ii)(iii)Identification of construction and specification ofportable equipment,Maintenance of portable equipment,Fire Service (Installation Contractors) Regulations,and(iv) Fire ServiceRegulations.(Installations and Equipment)18. The Chairman will submit a score sheet with details of markingand recommendation for CFO(P)'s approval. EO(P) will then informcandidates of their results accordingly.Workshop Inspection19. Applicants who have successfully passed the written examinationand interview will submit details of address and layout plan of hisworkshop together with a list of equipment installed for arrangement of asite inspection. A fee will be charged on this inspection.20. ^ Eng(FSI) will then arrange an officer [BSI(FSI)/ABSI(FSI)] inhisDivision to inspect the applicant's workshop against the submittedinformation in his presence.21* Upon satisfactory findings, the inspection officer will submita ' report (FSI/5.10) to Eng(FSI) for recommendation to CFO(P) forapproval. If the inspection is unsatisfactory, the applicant will berequired to pay a fee for the subsequent re-inspection.


Source orReferenceProcedures for RegistrationFire Service Installation Contractors - Class 1, 2 and 322. Subject to the satisfactory inspection on the applicant'sworkshop and CFO(P) f s approval, EO(P) # will prepare the necessaryregistration documents and enter the successful applicant's name on theregister. The names of registered Class 3 FSI contractors will begazetted for general information in a like manner to those in Classes 1and 2.yu)ficer (P)Date : 27 November 19854 October 1994


Annex XXXXXIA Classification of the Offences/Disciplinary Actions Taken AgainstFSI Contractors Over the Past 10 YearsYear ofOffenceCommitted198519911991199119911991199119911991199119911991199119911992199219921992199219921992199219921992199219951995Nature of Offence(Next page)ABAACACADAAAADDDADADBADDDDAFine ($)1,0001,0005,0005003,0005005001,0001,0005001,0002,0002,0002,0002,0003,0003,0001,0002,0004,5007503,0002,0002,0005002,0001,500Disciplinary Board ResultReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedRemoved from the registerof contractor for a period of3 months.ReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedRemoved from the registerof Contractor for 1 month.ReprimandedReprimandedReprimandedTotal no. of cases: 27


Nature of OffenceRef.RegulationDescriptionABCDRegulation 9(3)(b) of FS(Installations and Equipment)Regulation.Regulation 14 of FS(Installations Contractor)Regulation.Regulation 7(1) of FS(Installations and Equipment)Regulation.Regulation 9(2A) of FS(Installation and Equipment)Regulation.Any registered contractor who issues orforwards a certificate thereunder, or a copythero£ which is false or misleading in amaterial particular commits an offence.A registered contractor who undertakes anywork in connection with fire serviceinstallations or equipment, except work ofthe class in respect of which his name isentered in the register, shall be guilty of anoffence.No person other than a registeredcontractor shall maintain, inspect or repairany fire services installation or equipmentwhich is installed in any premises.A certificate issued under paragraph (1)shall be signed by person authorized to doso under regulation 3A of the Fire Service(Installation Contractors) Regulations andany person who signs a certificate which isfalse or misleading in any material particularcommits an offence.


Annex XXXXXIIOur Ref.:Z*l£ PS?-B5f XFIRE SERVICES DEPARTMENT,FIRE PROTECTION BUREAU,FIRE SERVICES HEADQUARTERS BUILDING,No. 1 Hong Chong Road,Tsim Sha Tsui East, Kowioon,Hong Kong.Your Ref.:Telex: 39607 HKFSD HXFax: 852-723 2197Sf Tel. No.:J ' f24Hours)Dear Sk/Madarn,Advice on fire safety in commercial premisesexceeding 230 square metresLocation :During a recent survey carried out by this Department, it was noted that thefire safety measures provided in the captioned premises in compliance with previous standarddid not meet the requirements stipulated in the current Code of Practice for Minimum FireService Installations and Equipment. To improve the situation pertinent to fire safety, theGovernment is considering to introduce a new piece of legislation requiring the fire protectionprovisions in such premises to be upgraded to meet the current standard.The fire protection measures proposed under the new legislation will includethe following fixe service installations:-i) an automatic sprinkler installation;ii)iii)an automatic cut-off device for ventilating/air-conditioning systems having anair handling capacity exceeding 1 m 3 /sec or serving more than one fixecompartment;emergency lighting which will provide illumination to facilitate the evacuationof occupants in the event of power failure, and manual fire alarms which willalert occupants in the event of a fire;Ref. number and date should be quoted in reference to this letterFS 33F (Rev. 7/92)


iv)portable fire extinguishers, on the basis of one for every 100m 2 floor area orpart thereof other than those premises equipped with fire hydrant/hose reelsystem.In view of the increased fire risk associated with the commercial activities andto safeguard public safety, I therefore strongly advise you to inform your members to reviewthe fire protection measures in these premises and install the above mentioned systems andequipment as soon as possible if such have not been installed yet. Should further informationbe required, please feel free to contact me.Yours faithfully,for Director of Fire Services


Annex XXXXXIIILabour DepartmentFactory Inspectorate DivisionFire Services DepartmentFire Protection BureauTo: The proprietor/manager:FSDRef. mLD RefDateFire Safety in Industrial BuildingWe refer to the visit made to your factory *today/onServices Department and the Labour Departmentbv staff of the FirePlease be advised that the fire safety measures in the above premises which were installedaccording to previous standards cannot provide adequate fire protection to life and property in theevent of a fire. They do not meet the requirements stipulated in the current Code of Practice forMinimum Fire Service Installations and Equipment which are updated from time to time to cope withincreased fire and life risks arising from changes in modem technology, building designs, expandedactivities, storage materials, cornpartmentation and material used, etc. in buildings, in particular,industrial.To safeguard public safety as well as for better protection of your property, you are stronglyadvised to review the fire protection measures in the captioned premises and enhance the fire safetyprovisions therein by the installation of a sprinkler system. We fully appreciate the problemsassociated with providing such a system in existing industrial buildings. Fire services personnel arequite prepared to advise on how to provide an improvised system feeding from the existing water tankand/or direct from town water mains so as to achieve the objective in the most cost effective manner.We would also like to take this opportunity to emphasize that proper maintenance of existingfire precautions that prevent the spread of fire and smoke in case of fire are essential. They includethe measures to ensure that the means of escapes and fire fighting appliances are free fromobstruction, exit doors and smoke lobbies are intact and functioning properly etc.Should further information on the installation of sprinkler system be required, please feel freeto contact Mr WONG Kin-ming, Senior Divisional Officer (New Projects) of Fire ServicesDepartment at telephone no. 2733 7666, For information on fire precautions on the premises, pleasecontact the Factory Inspector of Labour Department at telephone .Factory InspectorLabour DepartmentInspection OfficerFire Services DepartmentReceived by :(Signature)(Full Name


mBwM • mmnm


ANNEX XXXXXIV (1 of 4)ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- COMMERCIAL CENTRESBTG-CO104ISSUE 114 JULY 1995DESIGN- GUIDESPUBLIC AND CIRCULATION AREAb) Outdoor Venue For outdoor venue, covered performance stage and changing rooms withair coolers and toilets in addition to the above- mentionedfacilities should be provided.For the location, vehicular access, power supply other particulars,refer to HK3-EW-1O2, Guidelines on Provision of Venua for OutdoorEntertainment Programmes in EHEs, Cods of Practice for Means ofAccess for Eire fighting and Bescua 1995, Building (Planning)Regulation 42A, 4XB and 41C and Building (Planning) (taandment)Regulation 1995.3. ESCAEE BOOTE/FIREb«N.ACCESSTravel distances and construction of escape shall be in ccrrpliancewith the Code of Practice on the Provision of Means of Escape in caseof Fire and Allied Requirecknents.a) CorapartnaeritationFor the purposes of firecccrpartrrentation (28000m 3 ),the reccrarended arrangementof fire escape route is asshown in Fig 104.1.1/2 HR. FD-EXIT TOEXTERNALDTIPROTECTED -CORRIDORSTAIR LINKED-TO OTHERLEVELS1/2 HR. FD-SHOPSHOPHOSE REEL/METER-2 HR. FIREROLLER SHUTTERARCADESHOPSHOPFig 104.1Suggested Arrangement of Fire Roller Shutter in Arcade is as shown inFig 104.2 and 104.3Page 4 of 8


[ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE*- COMMERCIAL CENTRESANNEX XXXXXIV (2 of 4)BTG-CO104ISSUE 114 JULY 1995DESIGN GUIDESPUBLIC AND CIRCULATION AREAFig 104.2 and 104.3b) Escape Stair/RouteFinishesc) Fira Shutter/Door\ ARCADEHR/METERHR/METERGUIDE RAIL$—2 HR. FIRE v1ROLLER SHUTTER>SHOP-DETACHABLECRANK HANDLEMETERHOSEREELij- -\/1i1(""TOTr iKt RATED' METSHEET AL"ER HOODSHUT!J— FALSE CEILINGMETERd* • • •HOSEREELIn the case where escape stairs are also to be used as passageway, thefinishes shall be upgraded to standard carpatible to those in the shoppingarcade.Refer Section 26 of the Code of Practice on Kcovisicn c£ Maans of Escapein casa of Fixe and Allied Requirements for the requirements on garage/car ports attached to Corrrercial Centres.A general guideline is listed below :Fire Separation betweenCcrrrnercial Centre andHIP(Hrs.)Provisioni) Transport interchange underneath itii) Car Park (Car Port exceeding 90m 2 )iii) Car Park (Garage exceeding 90m 2 )1 set 4 hrs FRP or2 set 2 hrs ERP fire door2 sets H hr. fire door1 set 2 hrs FRPseparation and 2 setsH hr. FRP fire doorAll fire doors as stated should be self-closing.d)Aocess StaircaseEtar ELe) Fireman Liftf) KLrefigniting andRescue StairwayProvide adequate number of staircases for firemen's safe and unobstructedaccess to all floors. Refer Building (Planning) Regulation 41A andBuilding (Planning) (toendaBnt) Itegulation 1995.Provide where required, firemen's lifts in accordance with therequirements as stipulated in Building (Planning) Ragulatdon '41B.Provide firefighting and rescue stairways for every baserrent excee&hig acubical extent of 7000m and aheight of 2 storey. ReferBuilding (Planning) BBgulation 41C and Building (Planning) (toendmeat)Begulatdon 1995.Page 5 of 8


ANNEX XXXXXIV (3 of 4)ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- COMMERCIAL CENTRES BTG-CC-109ISSUE 114 JULY 1995DESIGN GUIDEBUILDING SERVICES3. FIRE SERVICESa) CompartmentatxonThe system shall be installed in accordance with the Code ofPractice for Minimum Fire Service Installations and Equipment.For the aggregate volume of any continuous compartment exceeding28,000 m3, segregation by means of fire roller shutter is normallyrequired. Construction of the shutter shall be carried out by theMain Contractor. The installation of the actuating devices, suchas fusible/electro-thermal link and smoke/heat detector, shall becarried out by the nominated F.S. sub-contractor. Refer toBuilding Services Engineering Manual DBFW.b) Sprinkler System i) Sprinkler system would normally be required and classified asOH III for a Commercial Centre and for a Carpark asstipulated in the Loss Prevention Council (LPC) Rules,ii) The sprinkler tank is recommended to be located on the roofand with a booster pump system. If the water supply to theroof tank cannot be directly fed, a sump and pump system isrequired. Allowance should be made to cater for theinstallation of an additional layer of sprinkler points byspecial shops tenants.iii)For market, provision of two layers of sprinkler points shouldbe considered, one layer for the ceiling void of market stallsand the other below airducts in common areas/below stallcocklofts.iv) Drop pipes and associated valves leading to the othersprinkler layer should be installed at high level of commonareas for ease of servicing and maintenance.v) The PA shall check whether the system will be fed from thetown main at both ends.vi) It is recommended that the sprinkler installation for specialshops (e.g. Chinese Restaurant and Car Park) shall beseparately zoned and operated by a separate set of controlvalve.c) Fire DetectionSystemAn automatic fire alarm (AFA) system with direct telephone lineconnection and separate zoning and control is required.d) Fire Hydrant, HoseReel, PortableAppliancesThese systems shall be provided in conspicuous locations along theshopping arcade as well as inside market and special shop unit.All fire hydrants, hose reels and portable appliances shallpreferably be installed in an enclosure.Portable appliancesSand Buckets. • Water/CO 2FoamFire blanketno. as required9 Litres9 LitresNon-asbestos typePage 11 of 31


ANNEX XXXXXIV (4 of 4)ESTATE FACILITIES DESIGN GUIDE- COMMERCIAL CENTRES BTG-CC-1Q9ISSUE 1DESIGN GUIDE14 JULY 1995 BUILDING SERVICESe) Fire Control Room It is a good practice to provide a fire control room sized 2rn x 3mat a visible location on the ground floor in the vicinity of themain entrance and not conflicting with prime locations for shopfrontage. The control room shall contain the annunciator boards,control terminals etc.f) PaintingPainting work of the FS pipe may be included in the buildingcontract as decided by the PA.Page 12 of 31


Executive Summary of theFinal Results Report onthe Existing Procedures Governingthe Provision of EVAs and FSIsfor Public and Private Building DevelopmentsIntroductionThe much publicised fatal fire (3 persons deadand 8 injured) which broke out in Yue Wan Estate, ChaiWan in July 1995 had generated widespread public concernover the provision of Emergency Vehicular Accesses (EVAs)and the proper maintenance of Fire Service Installations(FSIs) and equipment in both public and private buildingdevelopments as such facilities were vital to thesuccessful conduct of any fire fighting and other rescueoperations required to be undertaken by the Fire ServicesDepartment (FSD).2. Soon after the incident, this Office hadconducted preliminary enquiries which had revealed thatthe existing procedures adopted by the FSD governing theprovision of EVAs and FSIs for public and privatebuilding developments might not be entirely satisfactoryand which had also prompted the need for examining theissue in more details. Therefore, in order to examinewhether there were any deficiencies in the FSD's relevantexisting procedures and guidelines, the Commissioner ofAdministrative Complaints (COMAC), by virtue of hisauthority vested in Section 7(1) (b) of the COMACOrdinance (Cap. 397), had directed in late 1995 that aninvestigation be carried out into the EVAs and FSIs andequipment in public and private building developments inHong Kong. The investigation has recently beencompleted.Purpose and Ambit of the Investigation3* The specific purposes of this investigationwere to establish -(a)whether the existing procedures governingthe provision of EVAs and FSIs andequipment were adequate for the protection


of life and property in both public andprivate buildings; and(b)whether the existing monitoring mechanismwas adequate and effective in ensuringthat these fire safety devices could anddid fulfil the functions expected of themin the land grants and/or building plans.EVAsPolicies and Enforcement4. The purpose of an EVA is to assist the FSD inthe carrying out of fire fighting and rescue operationsin the event of a fire or other emergency. Prior to1964, building plans were not required to be submitted tothe FSD for approval and it was not until 1980 that theprovision of EVAs to new buildings was made a mandatoryrequirement for certain types of but not alldevelopments. Between 1964 and 1980, the FSD's policy,which was advisory in nature, was the provision of an EVAto one face of the building. After 1980, agreement wasreached with the then Crown Land and Survey Office toinclude an 'Access for Fire Services Appliances andPersonnel' clause in the lease document of alldevelopments. However, this clause cannot be applied toredevelopments unless there is a change in scope or leaseconditions.5. The FSD has since 1980 formulated a set of morecomprehensive departmental policies and requirements withregard to the provision of accesses for fire appliancesin various types of building developments. Theserequirements, which have been revised from time to timeas necessary, are applied across the board, and there isno difference in standard for public and privatedevelopments. Mainly speaking, there are minimumcriteria to be followed in respect of developments in theso-called virgin areas (i.e. new sites) andredevelopments areas with or without a change in leaseconditions.6. As regards the provision of EVAs for villagehouses (i.e. the New Territories Exempted Houses(NTEHs) ) , delineation of EVAs is drawn up on the layoutplans for 'Village Type Development' zones. However, in- 2 -


view of some practical problems and the small populationto be served by these village houses, the FSD hasproposed to set a criterion of requiring a development often houses or more as a major or * large' development toinclude the provision of an EVA. When such developmentsrequire planning permission, this criterion would becomea necessary condition when such development isrecommended by the Planning Department to the TownPlanning Board for its consideration. The governmentdepartments concerned have yet to resolve this particularissue.7. At present, there is no legislation whichstipulates EVA requirements nor is there any statutoryrequirement for redevelopment projects without a changein the lease conditions to be provided with EVAs to theDirector of Fire Services (D of FS) ' or the BuildingAuthority (BA)'s satisfaction. (Under Section 2 of theBuildings Ordinance, Cap. 123, BA means the Director ofBuildings.)Approval of Building Plans - Private/Public SectorBuildings8. Prior to 1964, building plans were not requiredto be submitted to the FSD for examination and approval.In 1964, Section 16(1)(b) was added to the BuildingsOrdinance (BO), Cap. 123, which enabled the D of FS togive his views or to show his concern on the inadequacyor lack of EVAs when building plans were considered andexamined. The current arrangements are that after aprivate developer has submitted a building plan to the BAunder the BO for consideration and approval, theBuildings Department (BD) will circulate the relevantbuilding proposal to relevant government departments forcomments. During this consultation stage, the FSD willtender its advice on the EVA and FSI requirements whereappropriate.9. Under Section 16(1) of the BO, the BA has thepower to refuse to give his approval of any plans ofbuilding works. This legislation does not, however,empower the BA to disapprove building plans because EVAis not available to a site. The BA has from time to timeinvoked the residual planning power under Section16(1) (g) of the BO to restrict development on siteswithout vehicular access. However, such application has- 3


not always had the support of the Buildings AppealTribunal.10. In the case of construction ofpublic/government buildings such as hospitals and clinicsand government offices, the requirements for EVAs are notnormally included in the Engineering Conditions that comewith the allocation of land. The Architectural ServicesDepartment (Arch SD), which is responsible for designingand supervising the construction of such public sectorbuildings, acts in full compliance with requirementsstipulated in the Engineering Conditions as well as therequirements for EVAs, if provided.11. As regards the construction of its publichousing estates (PHEs), the Housing Authority (HA) willensure that the EVA requirements will be included in thebuilding plans in accordance with the relevantrecommendations made by the FSD. The HA acts sonotwithstanding that under Section 41(1) (aa) of the BO,it is exempted from the provisions of the BO which, underSection 16(1) (b), requires building plans to be examinedand approved by the D of FS.Inspection to EVAs in Private Building Developments andPHEs12. The FSD does not at present have a systematicprogramme for inspecting EVAs in private buildingdevelopments. According to the FSD, the majority of EVAsare public roads/streets and it will only carry outinspections when complaints on EVA obstructions arereceived. However, as part of fire station dailyroutine, personnel of the local fire stations do carryout regular visits to buildings and private housingestates located within their respective stationboundaries to update their knowledge on the topographyand operational tactics in dealing with any possibleincident.13. In the case of PHEs, the FSD has, following theYue Wan Estate fire in July 1995, introduced anarrangement whereby local fire station personnel wouldconduct inspections to all EVAs in the PHEs within theirstation areas at least once every two months. On theHousing Department (HD)'s part, the estate staff


concerned would also conduct more frequent patrols to theEVAs to ensure that no obstructions exist at all times.Resumption of Private Streets14. In mid-1986, the Private Street ResumptionCommittee (PSRC) was established to co-ordinate theefforts of the government departments in drawing up theprivate street resumption programme and to oversee theprogress of resumption. The purpose of the resumption ofprivate streets is to enable the Administration toupgrade the condition of certain private streets whichare in disrepair and lack of proper management to thenormal Highways Department standard, and to take on theirsubsequent repair/maintenance and managementresponsibilities. Since the commencement of the privatestreet resumption programme in 1986-87, 166 privatestreets have been identified as targets for resumption.Whilst the PSRC would give priority to resuming andclearing private streets where there are obstructions toemergency vehicles, this Office has, however, noted that,in the past, there were cases in which some of suchstreets had been deleted from the Private StreetResumption Programme because of compensation-relatedproblems, amongst other reasons.FSIsPolicies and Enforcement15. The FSD is charged with responsibilitiesrelating to fire safety. These include the setting ofrequirements for, and the subsequent inspection andcertification of, FSIs and equipment. The FSDcertification of FSIs and equipment is required under theBO as part of the process leading to the issue of anoccupation permit for a new building. Under Section 2 ofthe FSO, "fire service installation or equipment' meansu any installation or equipment manufactured, used ordesigned to be used for the purposes of -(a) extinguishing, attacking, preventing orlimiting a fire;(b)giving warning of a fire;5


(c)providing access to any premises or placefor the purpose of extinguishing,attacking, preventing or limiting a fire."16. Before 1964, building plans were not requiredto be submitted to the FSD for examination and approval.However, in 1964, Section 16(1) (b) was added to the BO,Cap. 123 thereby making it a statutory requirement forthe examination and approval of FSIs and equipment by theFSD in respect of new buildings. As a basis for checkingthe standards of FSIs and equipment, FSD's inspectionstaff are required to follow instructions and standardscontained in a series of documents including notably theCode of Practice (Minimum Fire Service Installations andEquipment and Inspection and Testing of Installations andEquipment).Approval of Building Plans - Private Buildings/PublicSector Buildings17. Under Section 16 (1) (b) of the BO, the BA mayrefuse to give his approval to any plans of building workwhere plans of building works are not endorsed with arequisite F.S. certificate (FS 161) from the D of FS.Upon the completion of the new building, the projectarchitect concerned will request for an inspection of theFSIs and equipment which will be carried out by the FSDpersonnel. Upon satisfactory inspection, the FSD willissue the required F.S. certificate (FS 172) certifyingthat the FSIs and equipment have been satisfactorilyinspected. After the building is occupied, themaintenance of building FSIs and equipment is, under thelaw, the duty of the owner.18. In the case of public sector buildings, thedesign and installation of FSIs and equipment areundertaken in accordance with the prevailing Code ofPractice for Minimum Fire Service Installations andEquipment. Upon completion, these public sectorbuildings will be handed over to the users. The Arch SDwill arrange contracts for regularly servicing, testingand maintaining the installations and equipment inaccordance with the Code of Practice for Inspection andTesting of Installations and Equipment in respect ofthose buildings under its maintenance. The Arch SD'sappointed registered FSI contractors will undertakeroutine inspection and repairs in these buildings on a- 6 -


egular basis to fulfil the requirements under the saidCode of Practice.19. As regards PHEs of the HA, the usual proceduresand requirements for the examination and approval ofbuilding plans by the FSD are largely followed, althoughthe HA is exempted from complying with the relevantprovisions of the BO. Within the HD, there are internalTechnical Guides and Manuals on the design of FSIs andequipment, etc. for the project teams to follow.FSI Contractors - Registration and Control20. A registered FSI contractor is responsible for,inter alia, maintaining, inspecting and repairing any FSIor equipment which is installed in any premises. Theduties and responsibilities of registered FSI contractorson the inspection and maintenance of FSIs and equipmentare stipulated in the Fire Services (Installation andEquipment) Regulations.21. The FSD's FSI Division monitors the servicestandards of FSI contractors during the acceptanceinspections of FSIs and equipment in new buildings,complaint inspections, random checking of the maintenancecertificate issued by contractors, These FSI contractorsare subject to legal as well as disciplinary proceedingsunder the Fire Service (Installations and Equipment)Regulations and Fire Service (Installation Contractors)Regulations. Over the past 10 years, 27 contractors outof a total of over 800 registered FSI contractors wereconvicted in court and subsequently referred to therelevant Disciplinary Board for disciplinary proceedings.This Office has noted that, due to limited resources,only a small percentage of the certificates submitted bythe FSI contractors have been checked on a random basisby the FSD. This situation is certainly not entirelysatisfactory because the service standards of these FSIcontractors may not be, under such arrangements,effectively monitored.Improvement on Existing FSIs and Equipment in CommercialBuildings22. There are at present no specific legislationwhich requires the owners or occupiers of existing. 7 -


esidential, commercial and industrial premises toenhance the fire safety measures in these premises which,while in compliance with a previous standard, do notnecessarily meet the current standard for new buildings.Subsequent to the fire which occurred at the Hong KongBank Shek Kip Mei Branch on 10 January 1994, theAdministration commissioned a special inter-departmentalinvestigation team to look into the cause of the fire andto recommend preventative improvements to fire protectionmeasures and means of escape in commercial premises of asimilar layout.23, Against this background, it was subsequentlyproposed to introduce new legislation to require theowners of commercial premises of specific types with atotal floor area exceeding 23 0 M 2 to upgrade their firesafety measures. The new legislation (i.e. the FireSafety (Commercial Premises) Bill) will cover fireservice installations and equipment, means of escape,means of access and fire resisting construction. A newDivision within the FSD, to be called the CommercialPremises Improvement Division, will be set up aroundOctober 1996 to deal with the implementation of theenhancement of fire service installations to thecommercial premises under the new legislation.Establishment of an Inter-Departmental Working Group24. After the Yue Wan Estate fire, an InterdepartmentalWorking Group on Fire Safety in PublicHousing Estates (the WG) comprising representatives ofboth the FSD and HD was established to examine thefeasibility of enhancing the provision of EVAs and ofimproving fire safety measures in the PHEs, particularlyin the older estates. The WG has since drawn uprecommendations of improvement works regarding EVAs andFSIs and equipment in the PHEs, and has agreed that allimprovement works would be carried out in four phases,prioritised mainly according to the 'age' of thebuildings.25. The EVAs and FSI improvement works in respectof the Phase 1 estates are in progress. Construction ofadditional EVAs and/or provision of additional FSIs andequipment have been completed and/or are being carriedout according to the schedule. As for the Phases 2, 3and 4 improvement works, they mainly cover improvement to• 8 -


existing EVAs or provision of new EVAs, and anyinadequacy of EVA which cannot be overcome due tophysical constraints will be supplemented by necessaryFSI improvements. The WG has continued to meet atregular intervals to monitor the progress of the variousimprovement works.Observations26. In Hong Kong, modern buildings tend to be highriseand complex, and provision of EVAs to thesebuildings should be one of the essential items to ensurethe safety of occupants of the buildings concerned andalso those in the neighbourhood. It is therefore highlydesirable that each and every building in the territoryshould be provided with proper access for emergency andrescue vehicles to ensure public safety and to facilitatefire fighting operations. Nowadays, most sites fordevelopment in virgin areas are unlikely to beinaccessible by vehicles. However, there is at presentno legislation which stipulates EVA requirements nor isthere any statutory requirement for redevelopmentsprojects to provide EVAs to the Administration'ssatisfaction.27. On the other hand, the provision of modernisedFSIs and equipment has become increasingly more importantand essential in the modern philosophy of firefightingwithin building developments. Unlike EVAs, theenforcement of the provision of FSIs and equipment hassince 1964 had the necessary legal backing.28. Following our investigation, this Office hasmade a number of observations relevant to the EVA and FSIissues. The major ones are summarised as follows -(I)Public Building Developments(a) The Yue Wan Estate fire in July 1995 hasexposed many problems relating to theprovision and maintenance of EVAs and FSIsand equipment, mainly in the PHEs.(b) Following the fire, the FSD, HD and theHong Kong Housing Society (HKHS) have madea lot of efforts in resolving such- 9 -


problems by making improvements to variousfire safety measures in the PHEs.(c) As a result of the implementation of suchimprovement works and remedial measures,the situation in the PHEs should now beimproving to a great extent.(II) Private Building Developments(d) Many of the problems found in the PHEsalso exist in the private buildingdevelopments.(e) The lack of legislative requirements forthe provision of EVAs in respect ofbuilding developments has, in particular,caused definite concern, from the firesafety point of view, in respect ofredevelopments without a change in theland leases in the 'old' areas (i.e.developed areas).(f) Probably because of the resource problemsand issues relating to the question ofownership, the efforts spent by thegovernment departments on improving thesituation in the PHEs have not beenrepeated in the private buildingdevelopments.(g) Therefore, the overall situation in suchbuilding developments may not be regardedas without problems or concern.Conclusions29. Based on our observations and findings, thisOffice has identified the following minor deficiencies inthe existing procedures governing the provision andmaintenance of EVAs and FSIs and equipment for buildingdevelopments, mainly as follows --. 10 -


(I)EVAS(a) there is a lack of statutory requirementfor the provision of EVAs for buildingdevelopments;(b)the FSD does not have a regular programmein place for inspecting EVAs in privatebuilding developments;(c) enforcement of the present EVA guidelinesregarding the NTEHs is not withoutdifficulty as the interpretation of theseguidelines may be open to disputes;(d)the resumption of private streets for thepurposes of, amongst others, improvingfire safety measures remains a difficultproblem;(II) FSIS(e) the present FSD's control and supervisionof the performance of FSI contractors arenot wholly adequate and satisfactory;(f) apart from the Fire Safety (CommercialPremises) Bill which requires commercialpremises of specific types with a totalfloor area exceeding 230 m 2 to upgradetheir fire safety measures, there are noother legislative proposals for similarimprovements in respect of other buildingdevelopments; and(g)the FSD does not have a regular programmein place for inspecting FSIs and equipmentin all building developments by itsofficers.Recommendations30. This Office has made a total of 24recommendations for consideration by the Administration(many of these recommendations would entail the jointefforts of relevant government departments in theirimplementation) -- 11 -


(A)EVAs(I)Introduction of Legislative Amendments(1) The Planning, Environment and Lands Branchshould, in consultation with the BD andthe FSD, consider the feasibility ofintroducing legislative amendments to theBO with a view to making the provision ofEVAs for all types of buildingdevelopments a statutory requirement andto empowering the BA to disapprovebuilding plans with no or inadequate EVAs.The proposed legislative amendments shouldforestall the unwanted situation of acivil dispute arising from the breach ofthe lease conditions in respect of newbuilding developments and redevelopmentswith a change in the lease conditions andshould also plug the existing loopholes inrespect of redevelopment projects withouta change in the lease conditions.Legislative attempts will not always beeasy, but will certainly be worthwhile• when protection of human life is involved.(II) Enforcement of the Provision of andto EVAsInspections(2) The FSD should look more vigorously intothose situations where the structures canbe regarded as a 'fire hazard' within theinterpretation of the Fire ServicesOrdinance due to the lack or inadequacy ofEVAs with a view to taking appropriateenforcement or improvement actions.(3) The FSD should consider the feasibility ofcausing a fire safety survey to be carriedout in respect of the pre-1964 buildingslocated in thosex old' areas where becauseof physical constraints or otherhistorical reasons, there are no EVAsprovided and no FSIs and equipmentinstalled. The purpose of this survey isto find out the need for, and the best.•-• 12 -


possible means of, enhancing the firesafety measures in such buildings.(4) The FSD should draw up a regular programmefor inspecting EVAs for private buildingsand those located within privateresidential/commercial complexes in amanner similar to that for the PHEs. Ifnecessary, the FSD should review itsexisting staffing requirements and seekadditional resources to cope with theextra workload arising from theimplementation of this programme.(5) The FSD should regularly review the EVArequirements in respect of the differenttypes of buildings in order to keep pacewith the rapid developments in the localbuilding industry as well as the changingtown planning requirements in Hong Kong.(6) The FSD should liaise with the HD, theHKHS and, where appropriate, themanagement of the private buildingdevelopments for the purposes of advisingand assisting them in delineating andmarking the respective designated EVAs(e.g. with easily observable markings).(7) The PSRC (set up under the Home AffairsDepartment (HAD)) should look harder intovarious means of resolving EVA problems inprivate streets, particularly those whichbecause of compensation relatedconsiderations, have been deleted from therelevant resumption programme.(8) The Building Management Co-ordinatingCommittees (set up under the HAD to coordinateprivate and Government efforts intackling management problems identified intarget buildings) should strengthen theircoordinating efforts on eliminating firehazards inside the target buildings withintheir respective districts and alsoassisting the owners concerned in properlymaintaining their FSIs and equipment.- 13 -


(9) The Planning Department should draw up aset of clearly defined guidelinesregarding the delineation of 'large'developments of NTEHs for the purposes ofimplementing the EVA requirements.(10) The HD should liaise with the FSD with aview to drawing up a programme forinspecting all the completed enhancementworks to EVAs currently being carried outin the PHEs.(11) The Arch SD should provide the buildingmanagement concerned, during the handingover of the completed public sectorbuildings, with detailed information (e.g.a layout plan) showing the locations ofthe EVAs. The Arch SD should also coordinatewith such building managementwith a view to, where appropriate,physically delineating the designed EVAs.(B)FSIs and Equipment(I)Enforcement of the Provision of and Inspectionsto FSIs and Equipment(12) The FSD should examine the feasibility ofintroducing mandatory requirements forupgrading FSIs and equipment in respect ofcompleted buildings in order to bring themin line with the prevailing standards andrequirements.(13) The FSD should, as far as its resourceswill permit, step up checks andinspections on the FSIs and equipmentinstalled in different types of buildingdevelopments in the territory.(14) The FSD should re-consider the possibilityof setting up a dedicated team to carryout inspections on FSIs and equipmentinstalled in all types of buildings on asystematic basis. It should also reviewthe resources of the proposed PremisesImprovement Division some time after its- 14 •-.


scheduled set up later this year with aview to renewing its effort to request theAdministration for additional resourcesfor setting up a dedicated FSIs andequipment inspection team.(II) Reinforcing FSIs and Equipment in PHEs and HD-Managed Facilities and Training for EstateStaff(15) The HD should from time to time review theexisting security arrangements for FSIsand equipment in the PHEs with a view tominimising and preventing cases ofvandalism of FSIs and equipment in itsestates.(16) The HD and the FSD should considerextending the scope of work of the WG tocover HD-managed commercial complexes andmarkets on public safety grounds.(17) The HD should continue to monitor theadequacy of fire safety measures in theTemporary Housing Areas with a view tomaking improvements where necessary.(18) The HD should ensure that the field staffof the private estate management companiesemployed under HD's privatisation schemeshould be equipped with the necessary firesafety training and knowledge.(III)FSI Contractors(19) The FSD should strengthen its randomchecks on the performance of the FSIcontractors in order to ensure the bestperformance standards from thesecontractors.(20) The FSD should review the existing levelsof penalties in respect of the offencesunder the Fire Service (InstallationContractors) Regulations with a view toachieving adequate deterrent effect.-' 15 -


(IV) Code of Practice on Inspections and Testing ofInstallations and Equipment(21) The FSD should specify more clearly, inthe Code of Practice on Inspections andTesting of Installations and Equipment,which party should be responsible foractually carrying out the inspections andtests for the various types of FSIs andequipment when it next reviews and amendsthe document.(C)Public Education(22) The FSD should step up publicity amongstthe owners and proprietors of theindustrial undertakings (particularly theold ones) with a view to arousing theirawareness of the importance and usefulnessof upgrading the FSIs and equipment withintheir premises.(23) The FSD should consider launchingpublicity amongst the local buildingindustry with a view to arousing thedevelopers' general awareness of theusefulness and importance of the provisionof EVAs for building developments for thepurposes of fire fighting operationsinside buildings.(24) The FSD should liaise with the HD, theHKHS and the HAD, where appropriate, forthe purposes of stepping up publicityamongst the residents in both the publicand private buildings with a view toarousing their general awareness' of theimportance of fire safety as well as ofupkeeping the FSIs and equipment withintheir buildings. Public education playsan important role in the prevention offire, and it is of paramount importancethat residents concerned should know andaccept their responsibility of maintainingsuch fire safety equipment.- 16 -


Responses from Government Departments/Organisation31 • This investigation report was sent to the FSDand other relevant departments/organisation for commentson 17 May 1996. Their comments were received on orbefore 18 June 1996. Since the departments concerned havenot raised any disagreement to our recommendations, thisOffice considers that all such recommendations made inthis report (except Recommendation (4) on which the D ofFS raises reservations) have been either accepted in fullor in principle by them for implementation subject, ofcourse, to further details being worked out by thedepartments concerned.32. Regarding Recommendation (4), the reservationsraised by the D of FS are mainly that most, if not all,of the public roads/streets serving the private buildingsare taken as EVAs in the event of fire. Other thanemergency situations, the need to maintain free flow oftraffic along these roads/streets is governed by theprovisions of the Road Traffic Ordinance. For thisreason, the FSD has not drawn up a regular inspectionprogramme for private buildings similar to that for thePHEs.Final Remarks33. Human life is precious. Nobody or indeed noresponsible government likes to see that human life andproperty are unduly put at stake because of anydeficiencies in the existing procedures and monitoringmechanism designed for their protection. Therefore, theAdministration should seek every possible opportunity andmeans to attain as perfect as possible a fire fightingand protection mechanism in the territory.34. This investigation has focused particularly onrelevant issues relating to the EVAs and FSIs in the PHEsand other private residential building developments. Itremains the responsibility of the Administration to keepevery aspect of the relevant procedures and mechanismunder constant review to ensure that they work properlyfor their intended purposes,35. In addition, this Office feels that the concernexpressed by the FSD over the manpower and resourcesconstraints relating to the implementation of some of the- 17 -


ecommendations is legitimate, and is worthy of close andsympathetic attention by the Administration.36. Lastly, this Office would like to be keptinformed by the Administration in due course on theimplementation of the 24 recommendations and any changesin the relevant policies, procedures and guidelinescovered by this investigation.ENDOffice of the Commissioner for Administrative ComplaintsJuly 1996- 18 -


HK 363.377 H7Hong Kong. Office of theCommissioner forAdministrative ComplaintsDate Due€- J. %. * 1 —IX 4- A rvo4- A r\n f-vnI4 I

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