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4less to identified progressive farmers;however, other farmers can alsopurchase this machine.10. Handholding Approach: It isproposed that for every 100 ha areathere will be one identified progressivefarmer who would coordinate with theparticipating farmers especially in landpreparation and sowing/planting ofcrops. So, in each unit, 10 progressivefarmers would be providedhonorarium for this purpose.Implementation of the programme ineach unit would be supervised byidentified extension worker (one/ oneunit), who would be providedhonorarium. The KVKs at district levelwould extend technical backstoppingfor the demonstrations and alsomonitor the programme as part ofDistrict Level Monitoring Team alongwith district agriculture department.The KVKs would submit theirmonitoring reports to nodal agency -CRRI at monthly intervals in theformats prescribed by CRRI.Provision for meeting the joint touring/ travel expenses of KVK scientists/ATMA officials is inbuilt in theprogramme to provide mobility. Stategovernments would provide thebudget to the concerned KVKs for thepurpose.11. Asset building activities :11.1. Water management: Assetbuilding activities would mainly focuson water management works such asconstruction of shallow tube wells, dugwell/ bore wells and distribution ofwater pumpsets. 100% assistance isprovided for construction activities(Rs 30,000/ dug well/ bore well andRs 12000/shallow tube well).11.2. Promotion of farm implements:Farm implements such as drumseeders, Zero till seed drills, pumpsetsare promoted under the programme.Assistance would be provided for thepumpsets @ 50% of the cost orRs.10,000, whichever is less.Identified progressive farmers wouldbe provided two drum seeders free ofcost for facilitating the sowing of ricelines. In case of wheat a provision hasbeen made to provide zero till seeddrill on 50% subsidy or Rs.15,000whichever is less. Preference wouldbe given to identified progressivefarmers; however, other farmers canalso purchase this machine. One Zerotill seed drill can sow about 3 hectareof wheat in one day. A provision ofRs.1000 per hectare for sowing ofwheat has been made in thedemonstration to cover the operationalcosts of tilling the land of every farmer.It is expected that sowing of 30hectares of wheat on custom hiring
asis will pay back the entireinvestment of the farmer in the firstyear itself while creating a productiveasset for the community.12. Site Specific Interventions: Nearly19% of the funds are proposed forcarrying out site specific activities in thestates that would support and enhancethe production and productivity of cropsin the states. These activities mayinclude other crop developmentactivities, construction of waterchannels, power etc.13. The procedure for the preparation ofoperational plans and their approvalwould be similar to the one followed lastyear. The states action plans would besubmitted to SLSC for approval asspecified under RKVY guidelines.14. Tentative allocations: The followingtentative allocations are made to thestates based on rice area in the state;yield gap existing between the nationaland state average of rice productivityand absorption capacity evident fromexpenditure against previous yearallocation under the programme.Based on the approved action plans,budget would be released to the states.The summary of physical and financialactivities proposed under the programmeis at annexure 7.15. Monitoring : An amount of Rs 4Crores is allocated for monitoringactivities. The same procedurefollowed during 2010-11 would beadopted in current year also. A threetier monitoring structure involving5
6central steering committee (CSC)under the chairmanship of Secretary(A&C); state level monitoring team(SLMT) for each state under theChairmanship of an AdditionalSecretary/Joint Secretary of theDepartment of Agriculture and districtlevel monitoring teams (DLMT)headed by District Agriculture Officerwould ensure the delivery of intendedtechnologies to the farmers(annexure 8). CRRI would be thenodal agency for monitoring theprogramme. Option for outsourcingmonitoring activities to Agencies suchas NIRD, NPC, etc. could beconsidered by the committee. Settingup of digital rice knowledge gatewayas proposed by IRRI for real timemonitoring of the rice crop area andcrop health using remote sensing andother state-of-the-art technologiescould be considered for objectiveassessment of the impact of theproposed interventions.16. Deliverables of the programme : Compact demonstration of productiontechnologies of rice, wheat in differentagro climatic sub regions coveringnearly 4 lakh hectares. Nearly 269 unitsof rice demonstrations covering about2.69 lakh hectares of rice in 97 non -NFSM rice districts (out of total 183districts) of seven eastern states; and122 units of wheat covering about 1.22lakh hectares of wheat in 29 non NFSMwheat districts (out of 84 total districts)in 3 states of Bihar, Eastern U.P. andWest Bengal would be covered. Out of 24.4 million hectares of ricearea in eastern region, nearly13 million hectares falls under non-NFSM districts. Therefore, the ricedemonstration proposed in 2.69 lakhhectares out of 24.4 million is nearly2% of the non NFSM rice area forintensive technology promotion. Restof the area would be served by theongoing schemes. Reduction of gap in between the actualand potential productivity of rice in thedistricts by 50% leading to an averageincrease of about 0.5 tons per hectareof crop yield for rice as well as wheat. Creation of water managementstructures- 29500 Shallow tube wells,9000 dug well/ bore well; 42000pumpsets; 2000 Zero till Seed drillsand 5380 drum seeders to ensuresustained increase in crop production. Promotion of line sowing / planting forovercoming various stresses, input useefficiency and scientific cropmanagement for increased production.17. Timelines : Timelines for theimplementation of the programme isat annexure-9.
8• Intensive cultivation of rice in Non-NFSM areas: Extension ofassistance for same componentsof NFSM Rice (seeds, soilameliorants, plant protectionchemicals, farm machinery etc.) in17 Non-NFSM districts of thestates to increase rice production.Promotion of Zero tillage formoisture conservation.• Intensive pulses production in Non-NFSM districts: Extension of sameassistance offered under NFSMPulses to Non-NFSM pulses areasalso for reducing the yield gapsand enhancing production.Gradual replacement of lowyielding upland rice with pulses.• Maize & Wheat DevelopmentProgramme: MMA pattern ofassistance in 24 districts of thestate for maize and wheat in orderto reduce yield gaps. Launching ofmillets mission.• Soil amendments: Basic Slag foramending soil from TISCO andBSL, Bokaro and make availableto the farmers after proper grindingwith suitable composition.• Bridging Knowledge Gaps /Training: mass media support tobridge the knowledge gap of thefarmers.ORISSAMajor Constraints:• Rice is the lead crop in this zone.However, the productivity is low• Water management• Low SRR• Expansion of area under-Highvalue cash crops and vegetable• Improvement in seed supply so asto increase the SRR• Improvement in productivity ofcrops in acidic soils through limetreatmentStrategies adopted :• Promotion of HYV/hybrid rice,maize and adoption of SRItechnology• Sustainable sugarcane cultivationthrough integrated technologicalapproach• E-Pest surveillance for pest control• Management of acidic soils• Capacity building of extensionpersonnel
CHHATTISGARHMajor Constraints:• Lack of water management.• Due to undulating land, soil erosioncauses loss of soil nutrients.• Drought situation prevails in theregion affecting crop growth.• Low seed replacement rateFertilizer consumption.• Late sowing of rice due to delayedonset of monsoon during Kharifseason, which is the major causeof low productivity.• Soil acidity and problem of irontoxicity besides deficiency ofmicro-nutrients widespread in thearea.• Pest problem.Strategies adopted:• Management of Rainwaterharvesting & storage byconstruction of runoff managementstructures, minor irrigation tanks forincreasing crop productivity.• Promotion of high yieldingvarieties/hybrids of rice, maize forincreasing crop productivity.• Expansion of Area under Highvalue cash crops and vegetables.• Adoption of site specific innovativeapproaches like incentives to thefarmer to promote the line sowingof Paddy crop (Hire charges ofTractors with Seed-cum-fertilizerdrill); Agricultural TechnologySupport to the farmers recentlyallotted with permanent lease offorest arable land.UTTAR PRADESHMajor Constraints:• Lack of water management.• Due to undulating land, soil erosioncauses loss of soil nutrients.• Flash floods cause inundation. Atthe same time drought situationalso prevails in some parts of theregion affecting crop growth.• Low seed replacement rates(SRRs) for rice and wheat.• Incidence of insect pests anddiseases such as blast, stem borer,bacterial leaf blight, false smut inrice and weed problem (Phalarisminor) in wheat.9
10• Late sowing of rice due to delayedonset of monsoon/floods duringKharif season leading to latesowing of wheat also in Bihar stateis the major cause of lowproductivity in these crops.Strategies adopted :• Integrated nutrient managementfor maintaining soil health by usingfertilizer including micro nutrientscoupled with organic manuresspecially NADEP/ Vermi compostand bio-fertilizers. IPM needs to beequally stressed.• Balanced use of fertilizers basedon soil test.• Green manuring specially withDhaincha as a interlude betweenRabi and Kharif.• Enhancement in irrigated area byshallow boring and supply of pumpset on these borings besidesjudicious application of irrigationwater specially using sprinklerirrigation to ensure water economy.• Vigorous promotion for growingnursery at the earliest possibledate to ensure timely transplanting.• The short duration varieties forRice coupled with heat toleranceshould be promoted underextremely late condition.• Enhancement of Seed ReplacementRatio (SRR) up to 33%.• Timely availability of high qualityinputs including seed and fertilizersetc.• 100% seed replacement by hybridcultivars specially for Rabi Maize.• Vigorous government purchase formaize on MSP.• Location specific suitable varietiesof sugarcane for differentsituations.• Popularization of intercropping ofSugarcane with pulses and locallysuitable intercrops to maintain soilhealth and additional remunerationper unit area.WEST BENGALMajor Constraints :• Soil degradation is the majorproblem.• Frequent floods.• Low level of farm mechanization.
• Salinity in coastal areas and acidicsoils in the lateritic belt affects thecrop productivity.• Depletion of ground water table incentral belt of the region due tohigher withdrawal.• Slow pace of popularization ofhybrid rice cultivation.• Low HYV coverage due to very lowSRRs because of non-availabilityof the quality/certified seeds oflocation specific promisingcultivars particularly in respect ofsalt tolerant cultivars of rice incoastal areas and in case of pulsesin the entire region.Strategies adopted :• Bringing additional area underirrigation through Repair,Renovation and Restoration ofexisting derelict water bodies andExtension, Modernization andRepair/Renovation of existingminor irrigation sources.• Increasing Cropping Intensitythrough adoption of appropriatecropping sequence anddiversification of existing croppingpattern through emphasis onagronomical practices like, intercroppingmixed cropping etc.• Enhancing Seed Replacement byshort duration and hybrid/highyielding variety for increasingproductivity.• Adoption of Farm Mechanizationpractices for early completion ofagricultural operations to enabletaking of additional crop.• Bringing additional area undercultivation by utilizing cultivablewaste land and by bringingadditional land under cultivation ofwater hardy crops, like Maize,Mustard, Cotton etc. in the monocroppedareas in rain scarcedistricts of Purulia, Bankura, partsof West Midnapore and Burdwan.• Training farmers in adoption ofimproved technology for enhancingproductivity and production.11
12Annexure-2. Package of Practices and cost per hectare for conducting Demonstrationsunder different rice production system
(Rs in lakh)14Annexure 3 . State-wise and component-wise Physical Targets and Financial Requirementsfor Bringing Green Revolution in Eastern India.-RiceAverage Cost of one ha = Rs.7609Size of Unit =1000 haTotal Cost/Unit=Rs.76 lakh
Annexure 4 -State wise tentative distribution of rice and wheat demonstrations in different states15
16Annexure-5 Package of Practices and cost per hectare for conducting Demonstrations on Wheat
Annexure-6 State wise Physical Targets and Financial Requirements for bringingGreen Revolution in Eastern India-Wheat(Rs. in Lakhs)17
18Annexure-7. Summary of Physical and Financial Targets for Rice and Wheat under BringingGreen Revolution to Eastern India during 2011-12 (Rs. In lakhs)
Annexure-8.Monitoring system for the New Program ‘Bringing Green Revolution toEastern India’ under the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas YojanaAn amount of Rs. 400 crores for the tier monitoring structure as describedyear 2010-11 has been allocated to sixStates included under the new program'Bringing Green Revolution to EasternIndia' namely West Bengal, Orissa, BiharJharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Eastern partof Uttar Pradesh. States have prepared theimplementation plans based on theStrategic plans finalized in the Consultativeworkshop on the program held on 9th and10th July 2010 at Kolkata. Half of theallocated amount has also beenprovisionally released pending finalizationof the Implementation plans by therespective State level SanctioningCommittee so as to ensure that the planscould be implemented from the ongoingKharif Season itself.While the States actively involved theState Agriculture Universities in identifyingthe priority area for investment under theprogram so as to plan right interventions,consultative workshop stressed “the needfor close monitoring of the implementationto ensure that the needed technologiesand associated services of the highestquality are extended to the farmers. It istherefore necessary to create a system forregular monitoring of the program. A threebelow is set up. CRRI will be the NODALAGENCY for monitoring the programme.A. MONITORING STRUCTURE :Central Steering Committee(CST)At National level, the committee isconvened under the Chairmanship ofSecretary (A&C) with the followingcomposition:1. Secretary (A&C)... ............. Chairman2. Dy. Director General (CS), ICAR.................. .......................... Member3. Addl. Secretary (Seeds and RKVY). .............................................. Member4. Commissioner Water Resources ........................... ....................... Member5. Agriculture Commissioner ............................. ................................ Member6. Director, CRRI (ICAR) ......................... .......................................... Member7. Joint Secretary (Crops) ..... ConvenorOfficers of the expert committee set upearlier would be called on need basis ifthe related issues concerning theirdepartments emerge.19
Committee would meet at least onceevery three months. It will consider thereports of the State Level MonitoringTeams (SLMT) for guiding theimplementation process, makingsuggestions for improvement in thedesign of the program interventions andsorting out inter-ministerial issues.Any changes/modifications in the policymatter in respect of the programmeshall be considered by the CSC forapproval if required.State level Monitoring Team(SLMT)For each of the six States a State levelMonitoring Team (SLMT) would be setup under the Chairmanship of anAdditional Secretary/Joint Secretary ofthe Department of Agriculture &Cooperation. CRRI, Cuttack shall bethe nodal Institute in the monitoringteam and will act as the main bridgebetw en the CSC, SLMT and the DLMT. Other members of this team wouldinclude Director, Agriculture of therespective State Governments, incharge research centre of the CRRI ,Cuttack in the concerned State, and atechnical officer of the Department ofAgriculture & Cooperation, Govt. ofIndia as shown below :20*Chairman of the concerned state team may Induct more members to the team if desired; #TheVice Chancellors of the concerned Agri. Universities will also be the members of the team for theirstate;The Partner Institute will be representedby an expert scientist who will beactively associated with the team andwill be responsible for preparation of thereport of the SLMT for onwardsubmission to the CSC.The Team will meet once every month(during the 3 rd week of each month)
to review District wise progress ofimplementation of variousinterventions. It will get feedback on theprograms from District Krishi VigyanKendra (KVK) on the quality ofimplementation in terms of timely reachof the planned inputs, crop situation,and impact of the interventions. Teamwill collect the feedback from theDistricts in the format designed by theState Agriculture University in closecoordination with the State Director ofAgriculture, analyse them and presentthe analvsed reports with outcome tothe SLMT.The CRRI (lCAR) and its partnerinstitutes wIll be responsible for scientificsupervision and offering technicalguidance (involving the district levelKVKs) to the state for compliance /implementation within a given time span.The CRRI(ICAR) and/or their partnerInstitutions shall visit at feast 10% ofthe districts to verify the compliance /implementation of the technicalsuggestions/implementation. Thereport to be placed before the SLMT inits meetings. Similarly the Technicalexperts of the committee will also visitat least 10% of the district for variousinterventions of the strategic plans butthe visit should not exceed 50% of thevisited areas of the CRRI (lCAR) and/or their partner Institutions. Chairmanalong with/without any other member(s)of the team may visit any areas of hischoice whenever felt necessary.District Level Monitoring Team (DLMT)A district level monitoring team (DLMT)will be set up under the chairmanshipof District Agriculture Officer of thedistrict. It will have members from KrishiVigyan Kendra, ATMA (Consultants).The constituents of the DLMTwill be asfollows :21
District Agril. Officer/Dy. Director of AgriAdequate scientific analysis and actualof the district concerned will formaliseprogress will be done after every visitthe strategic action plan and ensureand Documentation will be doneits implementation as per plans withoutimmediately. The documentedany deviation.consolidated report of the dlstrict willThe Inputs like quality seeds, soilamendment materials and machineriesare finalized and mobilized to the fieldwell within the reach of the farmersbefore every crop season by a specifictime decided by the committee.Awareness among the farmers aboutbe submitted to the Director ofAgriculture of the concerned state. Aconsolidated work wise inspectionreport and measures taken thereuponwould be prepared by the DirectorAgriculture of the State and besubmitted to the SLMT for review.the programme and its benefits to beB. DOCUMENTATION BY CRRI:vigorously promoted. District Agril.Officer and his team would ensureTransparency in preparing the list ofbeneficiaries for input distribution.The irrigation potential creation withtube wells, canals repairs and waterbodies excavation undertaken for whichnecessary preparedness on project byproject basis achievements vis-a-visapproved plans will be verified.Central Rice Research Institute wouldbe the nodal technical institution tosupervise, guide and improve thequality of interventions. It would forgepartnerships with the State AgricultureUniversities and the Krishi VigyanKendras to ensure that the approvedstrategic and implementation plans areexecuted in letter and spirit. It wouldorganize scientific documentation ofEach member of this team will cover atvarious interventions as approved in the22least 10 % of the works approved forthe district every month. The technicalsoundness in the implementation of theprogramme will be verified for effectiveapplication of the technologies.strategic action plans; CRRI wouldfurther ensure that the technical officerswere assigned specific projects forregular monitoring and reporting. Thedocumentation by CRRI will be made
24Annexure 9 Time lines for the implementation of the Programme