2008 Winter TPW - International Campaign for Tibet

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2008 Winter TPW - International Campaign for Tibet

Tibet2008PRESS WATCHWINTERINSIDE:• Obama’s Role as a Championof TibetTibet in the News• ICT 20-Year TimelineA publication of theInternational Campaign for TibetCelebrating Two Decadesof Action for TibetInternational Campaignfor Tibet Turns 20!


Become aFriendofTibetWhen you become a Friend ofTibet and pledge to contribute just$10 a month or more (that’s just33¢ a day) to the InternationalCampaign for Tibet, you give us areliable fund that allows us to actimmediately and strategically tobenefit the people and cultureof Tibet.You’ll be working for justice andcompassion with just the sparechange in your pocket.Can we count on you to be aFriend of Tibet?To establish a Friend of Tibetmonthly gift, please visit us onlineat www.savetibet.org/friendsoftibetor use the enclosed envelope torequest more information.Should the need arise, you canchange or cancel your pledge atany time. Thank you!You Can’t Buy a Soda with 33¢ —But You Can Change a Life2


TIBET PRESSWATCHThe International Campaign for Tibetworks to promote human rightsand democratic freedoms forthe people of Tibet.Founded in 1988, ICT is a non-profitmembership organization with officesin Washington, D.C., Amsterdam,Berlin and Brussels,and field offices inDharamsala and Kathmandu.EXECUTIVE OFFICERSRichard Gere, ChairmanLodi Gyari, Executive ChairJohn Ackerly, PresidentMary Beth Markey,V.P. Intl. AdvocacyBhuchung Tsering,V.P. Special ProgramsBOARD OF DIRECTORSRichard GereLodi GyariVenerable Geshe Tsultim GyeltsenMelissa MathisonJoel McClearyKeith PittsMark RovnerSteve SchroederGare SmithGrace SpringCONTACT INFORMATIONInternational Campaign for Tibet1825 Jefferson Pl, NW,Washington, DC 20036202-785-1515www.savetibet.orginfo@savetibet.orgNewsletter Design:Wm. Whitehead DesignEditorial Support:Pru Bovee andMal Warwick AssociatesFrom the PresidentDear Members and Supporters of ICT,As ICT celebrates our 20th anniversary, we are thankful for all the tangible assistancethat, together, we have been able to secure for Tibetans. And we take this moment toreflect on the tremendous challenges ahead. The election of Senator Obama as thePresident of the United States brings profound hope and expectation of change,domestically and internationally. ICT is already at work to ensure that the ObamaAdministration continues and broadens current U.S. support for Tibet, and takes newinitiatives for the freedom of Tibetans.One proposal for President Obama from the renowned author Alice Walker touchedme immensely because it brought what I consider a Buddhist perspective to thePresidency, and referenced the Dalai Lama:“A primary responsibility that you [President-elect Obama] do have, however, is tocultivate happiness in your own life … From your happy, relaxed state, you can modelreal success, which is all that so many people in the world really want … A good modelof how to ‘work with the enemy’ internally is presented by the Dalai Lama, in hisendless caretaking of his soul as he confronts the Chinese government that invadedTibet. Because, finally, it is the soul that must be preserved, if one is to remain acredible leader.”In the human rights community, we havehigh hopes for Obama’s Administration.We want a President who puts humanrights in the forefront of foreign policy.We want torture by U.S. security forcesand contractors unequivocally outlawed.With an Obama Administration, we cannow envision and work toward thischange. Senator Obama’s victory buildson the civil rights movement and theJohn Ackerly, PresidentICT is already at workto ensure that the Obamaadministration continues andbroadens current U.S. supportfor Tibet, and takes newinitiatives for the freedomof Tibetans.personal courage of many who came before him. It is a tremendous step forward forour country and it should give hope and inspiration to oppressed minorities everywhere.It should also challenge those in majority populations to rethink possibilitiesfor healing, and for justice and equality that has eluded many countries.Many Americans did not expect to see an African American elected to the highestoffice in their lifetime. Similarly, many Tibetans probably do not expect to see a Tibetanelected—or appointed—to one of the highest offices in China, but many may beginto envisage a Tibetan in the highest position in Tibet—which hasn’t happened sincethe Dalai Lama was forced to flee to exile nearly 50 years ago.continued on pg. 63


Tibet Press CoverageICT News Round-upStrong SupportExpected for Tibet fromNext U.S. PresidentICT — The International Campaign for Tibet welcomes theNovember 4, 2008 election of Senator Barack Obama to bethe next President of the United States and anticipates strongsupport from the Obama Administration for Tibetan issues.“The Tibetan people will have a friend and strong supporterin President-elect Obama,” said John Ackerly, President ofthe International Campaign for Tibet. “This is a critical timefor the Tibetan issue and we are confident that the ObamaAdministration will continue the existing support for Tibet andprovide new energy for the efforts of the Dalai Lama to engagewith the Chinese government. If we build on what SenatorObama has said about Tibet in the past, then we can expecteven stronger initiatives from the Untied States in the future,”Ackerly concluded.Senator Obama has a strong record of support for Tibet andhas met with the Dalai Lama to discuss human rights issues.Senator Obama attended a private Senate Foreign RelationsCommittee briefing with the Dalai Lama in November 2005and has featured a photograph of himself with the Dalai Lamafrom that briefing in the media section of his presidential campaignwebsite. Senator Obama has personally urged ChinesePresident Hu Jintao to resolve the situation in Tibet throughdialogue with the Dalai Lama or his representatives, and thisspring, when demonstrations spread across the Tibetan plateau,Senator Obama telephoned the Dalai Lama in India to discussthe situation. The Senator subsequently called on the Chineseto show restraint in dealing with the protests. Comments bythe Senator on his phone call are available on the ICT websiteat www.savetibet.org. Senator Obama was also a Senate sponsorof the Fourteenth Dalai Lama Congressional Gold Medal Act,which awarded the nation’s highest civilian honor to the DalaiLama in October 2007.The Obama-Biden campaign has pledged to actively engageChina on a number of issues, including human rights in Tibetand China’s crackdown on democracy and religious freedomactivists. The campaign has pledged to “be frank with theChinese about such failings and will press them to respecthuman rights.”Among the senior foreign policy advisors to the Obama campaignis Gregory B. Craig, the first U.S. Special Coordinator forTibetan Issues, appointed by then Secretary of State MadeleineAlbright in 1996.Tibetan Exiles BackDalai Lama, ChallengeTalks with ChinaNovember 22, 2008ICT – The Special Meeting called by the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala,India closed today with a strong endorsement of the‘Middle Way’ approach, which seeks a genuine autonomywithin the framework of the People’s Republic of China (PRC),but also clearly stated that exile Tibetans might take a positionseeking independence if results of engagement were notevident “in the near future”.Many delegates had specifically urged for the Dalai Lama’s envoysnot to be sent again for talks to China, a position that has4


The November Special General Meeting in Dharamsala was the firsteverof its kind attended by nearly 600 delegates representing seniorofficials of the Tibetan Government-in-Exile, academic and religiousinstitutions as well as civil society, including political and communityorganizations and one of ICT's researchers based in Dharamsala.In the most recent round of the Tibetan-Chinese dialogue(October 31–November 5), the Tibetan side presented the mostdetailed and substantive document offered by either side in sixyears of talks: a memorandum that articulated a concept ofgenuine autonomy for Tibetans within the People’s Republicof China. The proposal was specifically requested by theChinese side in the May 2008 round.been noted in the final declaration of the meeting. Delegatestold ICT that among most participants, there was a recognitionof the importance of retaining some form of engagementwith China, with many urging increased efforts to reach out toChinese people, and Beijing was blamed for the lack of resultsfrom the latest round of talks, not the Middle Way approach orthe Dalai Lama.The Special Meeting also provided a strong endorsement ofthe Dalai Lama’s leadership. Karma Choephel, Speaker of theTibetan Parliament, said today: “We re-affirmed that HisHoliness the Dalai Lama is the sole representative and leader ofthe Tibetan people. [Participants in] the Special Meeting prayedthat he is not to talk about semi-retirement or retirement.”Karma Choephel also said that delegates called upon theChinese authorities to stop the hostile criticism of the DalaiLama, and re-asserted that he is not to blame for the SpringUprising, despite Beijing’s attempts to do so. He said that therewould be no compromise on the issue of non-violence, andthat no alternative would be considered.No Progress in EighthRound of Dialogueas Chinese RejectAutonomy ProposalNovember 10, 2008ICT — Chinese official Zhu Weiqun today categoricallydenounced an autonomy proposal presented by the DalaiLama’s envoys during the eighth round of dialogue last week inan uncompromising stance that counters the hopes of Tibetansfor genuine autonomy in their homeland.Rather than use the proposal as a starting point for earnestnegotiations, the Chinese side summarily rejected it andresorted to well-worn anti-Dalai Lama rhetoric. In anunprecedented press conference in Beijing, Zhu declared that“We will never make a concession” on the Tibet question whilesimultaneously asserting that Tibetans should “shoulder fullresponsibility” for “lack of progress.”Dalai Lama’s Faith inChinese GovernmentGrows ThinnerICT Translation of the Dalai Lama’sStatement on Tibet’s FutureOctober 26, 2008, Dharamsala, IndiaICT — “We have a truly unique culture of kindness and compassionthat can benefit the whole world. Tibet’s struggle fortruth is not just for the benefit of the Tibetans alone but it willbenefit the whole world and it has the potential to improve thelives of the Chinese people as well. The destruction of Tibet’sreligion and culture will be a huge loss to everyone. Therefore,our struggle is a struggle to benefit the people of both sides.“The Tibet issue is an issue of the Tibetan people and theTibetan people need to decide. So on September 14, I said thatthis responsibility is becoming too difficult and there is nouse in continuing it. If I were dealing with someone who wasspeaking honestly, then I would have no problem, as I can speakand understand reason. But we are not dealing with honestyhere.“I have not lost faith in the people of China but my faith in thepresent Chinese government is thinning and it’s becoming verydifficult.”5


ICT News cont’dEvidence of OfficialDiscrimination againstTibetans after ProtestsOctober 8th, 2008ICT — Following nearly six months of protests across theTibetan plateau since March, there is increasing evidence ofethnic tension and discrimination of Tibetan and Chinesepeople, due at least in part to misinformation and propagandaby the Chinese authorities that has resulted in an upsurge ofChinese nationalism and hostility against Tibetans. An officialnotice states that every hotel and public bathhouse is requiredto check on the ‘circumstances’ of all Tibetan and Uyghurvisitors, and their presence should be reported to local police.This official acknowledgement that Tibetans and Uyghurs areunder suspicion simply because of their ethnicity is supportedby numerous anecdotal and eyewitness reports of new discriminationagainst Tibetans and a breakdown in communicationsamong Chinese and Tibetan colleagues in different workplaces,including at government meetings.Tibetan Protesterswithout Nepalese PapersFace Removal to IndiaSeptember 12th, 2008ICT — 137 Tibetan protesters who were taken into custody bythe Nepalese authorities on September 9, 10, and 11 have beenhanded over to the United Nations High Commission forRefugees with the understanding that those who do not holdvalid papers will be sent to India. Thousands of Tibetans haveparticipated in months of protests in Kathmandu, often nearthe Chinese Embassy, against China’s crackdown in Tibet.The Nepal government has taken a series of moves against theTibetan community in Kathmandu, in deference to what it saysis Chinese pressure to stop activities by Tibetans that it deemsas anti-China. Tibetans perceive themselves as increasingly vulnerableunder the new Maoist regime in power in Nepal, andmany fear their status will deteriorate further.From the President continued from pg. 1Racism is widespread in China, yet China’s leaders usually denythe existence of racism and use the sanitized term “Han chauvinism.”Senator Obama’s victory was a sign that once racismis acknowledged and addressed to some extent, it can diminishin extraordinary ways. We have a long way to go, of course, butwe can now hope that all countries will now move faster downthis road of justice.The road to Obama’s victory was paved partially by those whobelieved in non-violence and showed that non-violence canchange the history of the United States. President-elect Obamais part of that legacy and demonstrates that change can extendwell beyond our borders.most powerful countries on earth.I had originally intended to leave ICT at the end of this yearbut the Board has asked me to stay through the spring to facilitatea thoughtful and unrushed search for ICT’s next president.I gladly agreed. I look forward to sharing with you the news ofwho is chosen as ICT’s next President in the next issue of theTibet Press Watch.During this holiday season, I hope, in the words of Alice Walker,that you will be a good caretaker of your soul, so that you canalso be a positive leader for change in your community — andto help the people of Tibet.The news of this election has already reached inside prison cellsin Tibet, and to the furthest corners of the Tibetan plateau.Tibetans know that someone from a minority that was onceviciously oppressed will soon be the president of one of theWith warmest regards,John Ackerly6


More Tibet Newsfrom Around the WorldLech Walesa hosted His Holiness duringthis recent trip to Poland.Dalai Lama UrgesGovernment Action onGlobal WarmingDecember 8, 2008KRAKOW, POLAND (AFP) — The DalaiLama on Sunday appealed to governmentsto protect the environment againstglobal warming as UN climate talks continuedin Poland — and said even hisnative Tibet was threatened.“I do have some serious concerns as aresult of learning from specialists (that)unless we pay sufficient attention and(adopt) sufficient method of protection… global warming is really, really veryserious,” the Tibetan spiritual leader said.Governments had to pay sufficient attentionto the problem and where necessarymake the appropriate steps to protect theenvironment even if that involved someeconomic sacrifices, he told reporters inthe city of Krakow.In the Tibetan plateau area “warming ishigher than global rate so if present trendwill go continuously without serious protectionsome of these major rivers coveringAsia will dry … billions of humanbeings for life depend very much onthese rivers.”UN climate scientists have warned thatany global temperature rise beyond a twodegree threshold could unleash devastatingconsequences across the globe.Snipers are installed on rooftops aroundLhasa’s most holy site, the Jokhang Temple.China’s Iron Fist CracksDown to SubdueTibetan RebelsThe AustralianNovember 8, 2008In the ancient back alleys of Tibet’s capital,Lhasa, a grim military operation hasplayed out this week, hidden from theeyes of the world. As night falls, hundredsof Chinese troops fan out across thisrebellious city, armed with riot shieldsand assault rifles.When the sun rises, the soldiers do notmelt away, but are replaced by a newrotation of troops. The military strangleholdon Lhasa by day is maintained withone chilling addition — snipers areinstalled on rooftops around the city’smost holy site, the Jokhang Temple, readyto train their guns on the hundreds ofTibetan pilgrims praying in BarkhorSquare below.In an interview, the vice-governor of theTibet Autonomous Region, Bai Ma CaiWang, reveals that China has recentlyboosted its security presence in Lhasaabove and beyond the crackdown thatfollowed the March riots. This is China’sfirst public acknowledgment that it hasbeefed up its security forces in Tibet.“In order for Tibet’s stability and forpeople’s safety and for people’s desire forsecurity and order, the Government hasmoderately adjusted the presence of thepolice force on the street,” he says.Bai Ma says the Government fears a repeatof the March riots, which he says werethe work of the exiled Dalai Lama andhis supporters.“After the March 14 riots,the Dalai Lama and his followers havespeeded up their separatist activities.”“Smile, We NowHave a File on You”—Internet Cafés Get NewSurveillance DeviceReporters Without BordersOctober 24, 2008CHINA — Reporters Without Borderscondemns the Chinese government’s latestmeasure to reinforce surveillance ofInternet café users, who will henceforthhave to have their mugshot taken andtheir ID card swiped by a Customer RegistrationDevice to be installed in all ofBeijing’s estimated 1,500 Internet cafésby the end of the year.7


More News cont’dFor more ICT newsand updates, please visitwww.savetibet.org.Since September 2007, the Chinese cyberpolicehave been dispatching onlinepatrols to Internet café computer screensto check on their users. Two virtual policeofficers called JingJing and ChaCha popup on the screens every half hour toremind Internet users that the authoritiesare monitoring the Internet closely.By clicking on the icons, Internet userscan communicate with the cyber-policeand report violations.China Keeps ItsTight Grip on Tibetansin ProvincesThe NationalOctober 24, 2008BEIJING — Tibetan people face [continuingharsh conditions] seven monthsafter protests broke out in Lhasa. Whilethere were expectations that the situationwould be relaxed following the conclusionof the Beijing Olympics in August,some Tibet analysts have said conditionsare actually getting worse.Guards at numerous checkpoints onmotorways leading into these areas —across several provinces of western Chinathat are traditionally home to the Tibetanpeople — stop vehicles and searchTibetans from head to toe, according toone source. The road between Xiningand Lhasa, a nearly three-day drive, ispunctuated by no less than 18 policecheckpoints.Streets in such places as Lhasa, the capitalof Tibet, are saturated with militarypolice and army, although some haveswitched to plain clothes and now hidetheir weapons in cloth bags, following thereturn of foreign tourists in recentmonths.Paramilitary policemen patrol a street inLhasa in May.Some of the worst conditions exist atTibetan monasteries. Jamyang Norbu, aprominent Tibetan writer living in theUnited States, said the Chinese regard themonasteries “as the source of all problems”.Security people are stationedinside the monasteries to keep an eye onmonks. In recent months, small policestations have been built right beside thesemonastic centres.Jailed Tibetan MonkTorturedThe Straits TimesOctober 19, 2008BEIJING — A Tibetan monk whohelped make a film about alleged Chineserepression in his homeland has beenfreed after seven months in jail but sayshe was tortured while in custody, thefilm-makers said. Mr Jigme Gyatso, alsoknown as Mr Golog Jigme, was arrestedin March shortly after completion of thefilm ‘Leaving Fear Behind’.‘The interrogators beat him continuouslyand hanged him by his feet from the ceilingfor hours and kept him tied for dayson the interrogation chair,’ said a statementby the group Filming for Tibet,which produced the film. ‘During theinterrogations he fainted several timesdue to the beatings.’Mr Jigme Gyatso was arrested along withfilm-maker Dhondup Wangchen, whosewhereabouts remain unknown.China’s Plans toResettle 470,000 TibetanNomadsReutersOctober 11, 2008SHANGHAI — Authorities in the Chineseprovince of Sichuan plan to spend5 billion yuan ($732 million) to settle470,000 Tibetan herders in permanenthouses, state media said, as part of effortsto promote the development of ethnicTibetan areas.Of 533,000 herders in the province,219,000 have no fixed residences and254,000 are living in shanty homes. Someethnic Tibetans claim China has beentrying to destroy their way of life as apeople.Row with Chinese Policenear Kirti MonasteryLeaves 50 TibetanMonks InjuredThe TimesSeptember 27, 2008Fifty monks have been injured and atleast four were taken to hospital afterclashes between police and Tibetan monksnear an ancient monastery that has beenunder tight security since anti-Chineseunrest swept across the Himalayanplateau in March.8


Tibet Benefit Climb SupportsSmall Grants ProgramPro-Tibet activists said that the incidenthappened when a monk left the Kirtimonastery after obtaining a pass fromthe authorities.“The returning monk wasbeaten so badly by the armed police thathe was bleeding when he managed toreturn to the monastery,” the Free TibetCampaign said. Other monks went to thepolice station to protest against the treatmentof their colleague and an argumentensued. Police said that they would calllocal authorities to discuss the matter butshortly afterwards two truckloads ofarmed officers arrived and began to beatthe monks.ICT Staff, Friends, and Members Scaled Wyoming’s13,770 Foot Grand Teton on August 5.The annual benefit climb raised morethan $40,000 for a small grants programfor Tibetan environmentalists, journalistsand others. The climb is run byICT’s Rowell Fund for Tibet, in memoryof Galen Rowell, one of America’sbest climbing photojournalists. Theclimb requires fitness but no previousexperience. ICT supporters from age 11through 79 have participated and haveincluded several father-son and mothersonteams.Galen Rowell was the co-chair of ICT’sBoard of Advisors and a longtime friendof Tibet. Together, Galen and Barbaraproduced the book “My Tibet” with HisHoliness the Dalai Lama, and introducedTibet to countless people aroundthe world. Through photographs andwriting they documented and broughtattention to many threatened ecosystemsand cultures. The Rowell Fund forTibet gives small grants to Tibetans whoare working to promote their cultureand environment in the arenas of environmentalconservation, photography,humanitarian issues, journalism/literature,and women’s projects. Since 2003,the Rowell Fund has awarded nearly$250,000.Pictured here are ICT staff John Ackerlyand Tencho Gyatso, world famousclimbers David Breashears, ConradAnker and Jimmy Chin, and ICT supportersArthur Ochs Sulzberger, ArthurGreg Sulzberger, Bill Ackerly, CharlotteBonilla, Abby Bronson, and others.Next year’s climb is scheduled for July25–28, 2009. For more information, seewww.savetibet.org/rowellfund or email usat rowellfund@savetibet.org.China-Tibet Themein Benetton Ad CourtsControversyNever a company interested in playing itsafe, Benetton took out double-pageadvertising spreads in a number of leadinginternational news dailies showing aTibetan monk and a Chinese soldierpraying face to face under the word“Victims.” The ads, which coincided withthe opening day of the Beijing Olympicsin August, also appeared in the 74thedition of Benetton’s Colors Magazine.According to Benetton’s Web site, theimage “attempts to make a small contributionto dialogue and engagementbetween Tibetan and Chinese people.”ICT friends, members and staff on this year’s annual Grand Teton benefit climb for theRowell Fund in August.9


ICTand Tibet Timeline 1988 –2008The International Campaign for Tibet proudly celebrates its twentieth anniversary this year.For two decades, we have called the world’s attention to the injustices and brutality being suffered bythe people of Tibet. We’ve shone a spotlight on China’s repressive authority and intervened on behalfof political prisoners. We’ve worked with and been guided by His Holiness the Dalai Lama, and haveprovided support to Tibetans in exile.And without exception, our work has been possible only because of the determined and compassionatesupport of our allies and supporters. This timeline is in great measure a tribute to our members andsupporters like you, and how deeply they have been moved by the plight of the Tibetan people.1988Tenzin Tethong, ICT’s first President, withICT Board members Richard Gere andMelissa Mathison.• ICT opens our first office in Washington, DC.• ICT urges Congress to pass what becomesone of its first resolutions on Tibet, supportingthe Dalai Lama’s Five Point Peace Plan.• ICT launches the Tibet Forum, the first Chineselanguage newspaper to reach out tothousands of Chinese in the West and China.• Hu Jintao appointed as the top Chinese partyofficial in Tibet.1989• ICT-formed coalition successful in gettingCongress to establish the Tibetan languageservice of Voice of America and Tibetanscholarships under the Fulbright Program forTibetan refugees. (ICT advocacy results incontinual funding for both programs.)• China imposes martial law in Lhasa aftermassive demonstrations against CommunistParty policies in Tibet.-• ICT’s major publicity campaign exposeshuman rights abuses, calls for an end tomartial law in Lhasa, imposed by China onMarch 5.• The Dalai Lama is awarded the Nobel Prizefor peace.• Thousands of students take to the streets inTiananmen Square.1990Congress approves more than $1 millionfor humanitarian assistance for Tibetanrefugees. These refugees passing throughKathmandu are among the beneficiaries.• ICT coordinates efforts to secure the provisionof 1,000 immigrant visas for Tibetanrefugees.• Congress provides humanitarian assistancefor Tibetan refugees in India and Nepal.1991• ICT coordinates ameeting betweenthe Dalai Lama andPresident GeorgeH.W. Bush, the firstmeeting ever betweena Dalai Lamaand a U.S.President.• President Bush signsinto law an Act ofCongress that includeslanguagedeclaring Tibet anoccupied countryunder internationallaw.The 10th PanchenLama passes awayin Shigatse, settingthe stage for anhistoric dispute overhis reincarnation.• Congress assembles in the U.S. Capitol Rotundato welcome the Dalai Lama and printsthe proceedings as a congressional document.• In Geneva, ICT staff work to help pass aresolution in the United Nations Subcommissionon Human Rights, the first resolutionon Tibet in the UN since 1965.• ICT participates in a major initiative tobroaden dialogue between Chinese andTibetans at a forum held in Virginia.• The Panchen Lama dies, opening a conflictwith China over the appointment of thesuccessor.• The Assembly of Tibetan People’s Deputiesadopted the Charter of Tibetans in Exile. Ittransfers the power to select a cabinet fromthe Dalai Lama to the legislature.10


19951992ICT conducts a fact-finding mission todocument prisons and labor camps neverbefore photographed.• ICT mobilizes an international movement atthe UN Earth Summit in Brazil to protestfunding of international projects which growwheat in Tibet for Chinese settlers.• Ogyen Trinley Dorje (7) is enthroned as the17th Karmapa under an agreement with theChinese government• The Dalai Lama announces the Guidelinesfor Future Tibet’s Polity, based on the hopefor a negotiated settlement with the Chinesegovernment for full autonomy.1993• ICT coordinates the first meeting betweenthe Dalai Lama and President Clinton andVice President Gore.• ICT publishes Nuclear Tibet, a ground-breakingreport on nuclear waste and weapons inTibet.• China and the Tibet Autonomous Region establishthe Chang Tang Reserve, setting asideat least 109,000 square miles.1994• Following ICT advocacy, the State Departmentincludes a separate section for Tibet inits annual Country Reports on Human RightsPractices.• Dalai Lama suspends dialogue with Chinadue to lack of progress.Tibetan women at the UN Conference onWomen in Beijing stage a dramaticprotest. ICT supported two delegates toattend the conference, Yodon Thondenand Reed Brody.• ICT helps give voice to Tibetan women at theUnited Nations Women’s Conference in Beijing.• ICT hosts a major visit of the Dalai Lama toAtlanta, Houston, Boston, and Washington,DC.• The Dalai Lama names a six-year-old boy,Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, as the true reincarnationof the Panchen Lama. Chinese authoritiesplace the boy under house arrestand designate another six-year-old boy,Gyancain Norbu, as their officially sanctionedPanchen Lama.• China’s President Jiang Zemin visits the U.S.1996The first of a series of Tibetan FreedomConcerts is organized by the Beastie Boysand the Milarepa Fund.• After years of effort, Radio Free Asia broadcaststo Tibet, China, and elsewhere. (RFAnow broadcasts into Tibet 8 hours every day.)• ICT releases A Season to Purge: ReligiousRepression in Tibet, highlighting the detentionof the Panchen Lama.• Ngawang Choepel, a musician on a Fulbrightscholarship, is sentenced by Chinese authoritiesin Tibet to 18 years in prison for espionage.He had been arrested in 1995 duringa visit to Tibet to make a documentary onfolk music and dance.• The World Bank proposes to move 58,000poor Chinese farmers from the eastern halfof Qinghai 300 miles west to an area of Tibetcalled Dulan.1997A protest in front of the White Housewhere Jiang Zemin was being greeted.L to R, Lodi Gyari, Bill Shultz, Gary Bauer,Bianca Jagger, Adam Yauch, Nancy Pelosiand Kerry Kennedy Cuomo.• ICT hosts World Parliamentarian Conventionon Tibet with His Holiness the Dalai Lamaand delegates from 27 other countries.• ICT coordinates a series of history-makingprotests of Chinese President Jiang Zemin’svisit to seven U.S. cities.• The U.S. Secretary of State appoints the firstSpecial Coordinator for Tibetan Affairs.• The Hollywood films “Seven Years in Tibet”and “Kundun” are released.• China blocks a UN resolution criticizing itshuman-rights record for the 7th year in arow.1998• ICT coordinates a national Tibet AwarenessCampaign around the release of “Kundun”and “Seven Years in Tibet.”• ICT campaigns in the U.S. and in China toensure Tibet is a prominent topic at the U.S.-China Summit in Beijing. President Clintonpublicly calls on Chinese President Jiang11


2002Zemin to meet with the Dalai Lama.• Five nuns at the Drapchi prison committedsuicide after extensive torture.• China imposes a ban on logging in easternTibet due to excess flooding following a halfcenturyof clear-cutting.1999• ICT lodges formal review in the World Bankto stop the transfer of 58,000 non-Tibetansonto the Tibetan Plateau.• The World Bank approves China’s plan to relocate58,000 poor Chinese farmers to landhistorically farmed by Tibetans.• In Lhasa, Tashi Tsering, a carpenter, lowersthe Chinese flag in the capital and attemptsto put up the banned Tibetan flag. He isarrested and dies from beatings while incustody.2000• ICT and a coalition of partners succeed inmobilizing enough support within WorldBank member countries to cancel WorldBank support for China’s Tibet resettlementproject.• ICT opens its second office in Amsterdamand launches a campaign for the detainedPanchen Lama.• The Karmapa, head of the Kagyü school, escapesfrom Tibet and arrives in India.• Gungthang Rinpoche, a senior leader of theLabrang monastery, dies after spending over20 years in prison for refusing to cooperatewith Chinese authorities.2001Lodi Gyari, Special Envoy of the DalaiLama, begins dialogue with Chinese officials.• ICT releases first annual report, DangerousCrossing, examining the reasons Tibetansflee, dangers en route, and situations facingthem in India and Nepal.• ICT helps secure passage of the Tibetan PolicyAct through direct and grassroots lobbying.The TPA institutionalizes programmaticand political support for Tibet.• ICT establishes an office in Berlin, Germany.• Tenzin Delek Rinpoche and other Tibetanleaders are arrested by the government ofmainland China.• Contacts between the Dalai Lama andBeijing resumé.2003Karmapa secretly flees from his monasteryin Tibet, through Nepal, to India.Bhuchung Tsering, Vice President of ICT,addresses a rally in front of the WorldBank to halt a Bank funded populationtransfer.Chinese crack down on monks and nunsat Larung Gar and tighten security onmonasteries.• ICT staff and members successfully sign onmore than a hundred House and Senateco-sponsors for the Tibetan Policy Act.• ICT exposes the massive crackdown at LarungGar monastery, where thousands of nuns andmonks were expelled and their meditationdwellings destroyed by Chinese authorities.• The UN General Assembly votes to approvethe accreditation of the International Campaignfor Tibet to the UN World ConferenceAgainst Racism.• The International Olympics Committee awardsBeijing the 2008 Summer Olympics.• President Bush permanently normalizes traderelations with China.Woeser, Tibet’s famous dissident writer, isfired from her job in Lhasa and she movesto a safer environment in Beijing.• ICT helps secure the release to the UnitedStates of the longest-held Tibetan femalepolitical prisoner, Ngawang Sangdrol, a 26-year-old nun who spent 11 years in Lhasa’sDrapchi prison.• Number of current, active members of ICT’sthree offices increases to more than 70,000.• Hu Jintao is chosen to replace Jiang Zeminas the president of China.12


2004• ICT releases When the Sky Fell to Earth, anextensive ICT report, with Devotion and Defiance,a documentary video, on the crackdownon monateries in Tibet.• ICT hosts a roundtable at the UN Commissionon Human Rights in Geneva for governmentrepresentatives and NGOs.• China deals a crushing blow to Hong Kong’shopes for full democracy when it rules theterritory won’t have direct elections for itsnext leader in 2007.2005• ICT is awarded theprestigious GeuzenMedal by the DutchGeuzen Resistance1940–1945 Foundation.• ICT releases twospecial reports:Crossing the Line:China’s Railway toLhasa, Tibet andDangerous Crossing,a report documentingconditions impactingthe flightof Tibetan refugeesin 2004.2006ICT moves into itspermanent headquartersin Washington,DC.China completes railway to Lhasa tofacilitate population influx and controlover the region.Chinese guards shoot and kill a youngnun trying to flee over this pass to Nepal.• ICT helps to secure the Congressional GoldMedal for the Dalai Lama in recognition ofhis many enduring and outstanding contributionsto peace, non-violence, human rights,and religious understanding.• ICT threatens legal action to enforce a U.S.ban on the importation of shatoosh, madefrom the fur of the endangered Tibetanantelope.• ICT opens an office in Brussels to helpstrengthen its EU policy lobby.• The Golmud-Lhasa railway (the highest inthe world) opens. Chinese authorities hail itas a feat of engineering, but critics say it willsignificantly increase Han Chinese traffic toTibet and accelerate the undermining of traditionalTibetan culture.2007His Holiness, Speaker Nancy Pelosi andPresident Bush before the CongressionalGold Medal ceremony.• ICT arranges for a public address by the DalaiLama on the West Lawn of the U.S. Capitolafter he accepted the Congressional GoldMedal.• ICT helps to secure $2 million for humanitarianassistance, $600,000 for scholarships,$250,000 for human rights and democracyinitiatives, $3 million for development assistance,$500,000 for educational and culturalexchanges, and Radio Free Asia and Voice ofAmerica funding to reach inside Tibet.• ICT’s active membership reaches 100,000.2008Archbishop Tutu and Richard Gere speakat an ICT organized rally in San Franciscoduring the Olympic torch relay.More than 100 demonstrations spreadacross the Tibetan plateau protestingChina’s occupation.• ICT launches emergency mobilization inresponse to widespread demonstrations inTibet and the ensuing brutal crackdown.• ICT launches a campaign around theOlympics to protest the Olympic torch relay,to gain access for international journalists inTibet, and to highlight human rights abusesduring the Olympics.• Tibetans stage more than 100 primarily nonviolentprotests all over Tibet five monthsbefore Beijing hosts the Olympic Games.• China blankets Tibetan areas outside of theTAR with troops, bans entry of foreign visitorsto all areas of Tibet, and asks tourists toleave following “safety concerns”.• The Dalai Lama convenes a historic, specialmeeting of Tibetans in Dharamsala. Morethan 600 delegates attend and endorse the“Middle Way” approach with China.13


Visit Us OnlineICT Launches New WebsiteIn early December, ICT launched its new, totally redesignedwebsite at www.savetibet.org. The new site features improvednavigation and search; a vibrant, streamlined design; a photogallery on the homepage; and interactive campaigns. The newsite also includes expanded areas for media and policy, a Tibetresource center, and direct links to content from our Amsterdamand Berlin offices. In addition, we streamlined the emailsign-up and donation pages and added special features thatmake the action center, upcoming events, and the online storeeasily accessible.We’re excited about the new site and hope you will visitwww.savetibet.org soon. While you’re there, don’t forget to signupfor our regular email updates, including the new onlineversion of Tibet Press Watch!Plan to Make YourSupport Last!Mandala Society members make a special commitment to helpcurrent and future generations of Tibetans by including ICTin their will or estate plans. Mandala Society gifts help ensurethat ICT has resources when needed to to help political prisoners,to respond quickly to emergencies and human rights abuses,and to promote a peaceful, negotiated solution for Tibet.And when Tibetans are afforded the human rights and democraticfreedoms they deserve, your legacy will allow ICT to helprebuild Tibet, foster new leadership and act as a critical link tothe U.S. Government. For more information, please contactChris Chaleunrath at 202-785-1515 or by email at members@savetibet.org.A New Way toSupport Tibet!With the GivingExpress ® Online, giving hasnever been so easy or rewardingNow you can donate your American Express Membership Rewards®points to ICT. For every 1,000 points donated, $10 willgo directly to support Tibet through ICT’s programs, informationand advocacy. Giving your points is fast, easy, and availableonline 24/7. Simply go to www.savetibet.org/rewards andfollow the instructions for redeeming Membership Rewards®points to make a donation.New ICT Social Networksand Digital ToolsMore than 300 million people around the world visit MySpace,YouTube, or Facebook each day. It’s a staggering figure with bigimplications for Tibet advocacy organizations.The International Campaign for Tibet has embraced these newtechnologies, and we’re bringing our advocacy work to the digitalfrontlines. Since 2007, ICT has successfully launched over adozen social networking pages, added tens of thousands of newonline contacts, and had over 4,000 YouTube videos watched inChina. We’re off to a great start, but there is much more workto do, and we need your help! Join us on the digital frontlines,and get involved today.• www.savetibet.org/facebook• www.savetibet.org/myspace• www.savetibet.org/youtube• www.savetibet.org/hi514


Take Action! Campaign 2008ICT Member Messages for President-elect ObamaBefore the 2008 election, we asked members and supporters to tell us what they want thenext President of the United States to do for Tibet — here are just a few of your responses!I want the next president to meet with the Dalai Lama as soonas possible following the election, and to offer unwavering publicsupport for Tibetan autonomy. I want him to encourage theChinese — through diplomatic and political pressure — tocreate an autonomous situation for the Tibetans, and to releasethe spiritual and political prisoners in China who’ve done nothingbut express support for the Dalai Lama and for Tibetans.— Morty, Jackson Heights, NYWhoever the next President is, they must make Tibet a priority.Freedom of expression, religion, and culture are some ofthe very most important values for every American, no matterwhat their party affiliation. As China grows as a world power,their lack of respect for the most essential human rights is extremelydangerous for China, Tibet, and the rest of the world.Economic growth can only take a country so far; without freedomof expression, religion, and culture for the people of Chinaand Tibet, China will continue to remain unstable.— Ben, Seattle, WashingtonI have three requests for the next presidential administration,that we treat Tibet and its people with the basic dignity andhonesty all peoples deserve:1. Stop exploiting the Tibetan people’s suffering for yourown political gain. Stop exploiting His Holiness the Dalai Lamaas a photo-op. Both parties do it and it’s a real disgrace. Eitherleave Tibet alone and stay quiet and be recognized by the worldas a coward, or put real force behind your words. China is callingyour bluff, but Tibetans are the ones who lose.2. Stop patronizing Tibetans by implying that submissionto Chinese rule is admirable and that the Tibetan cause is “reasonable”only so long as Tibetans accept successively watereddown“autonomy” proposals and do not assert independence.Recognize and stand up vocally for Tibetans’ right to decidetheir own political future and listen when they speak.3. Make all of China’s future aspirations with the UnitedStates, both economic and political, conditional on real, quantifiableand testable on-the-ground changes in Tibet, not token“feel-good” acts like the release of a high-profile prisoner. Atthe same time, demand that our allies impose the same levelof conditionality on China.— Rich, VirginiaWe need the next president to make Tibet an important prioritywhen they are dealing with foreign dictatorships like China.Tibet has been brutalized for decades and the people need tohave their land and freedom back. Tibet is an important issueall around the world and China cannot get away with morebrutality there and be expected to become the friend to all.Cleaning up the issue of Tibet with China should be #1 on theagenda for the new president!— Susan, Los Angeles, CAHelp Tibetans have some say in what is done by the Han inTibet. Give Tibetans the same opportunities as the Han in Tibet— education, opportunities for employment and advancement.Allow Tibetans to worship the way they want, and to displaytheir flag and pictures of the Dalai Lama.— MikePass the Word —Help the PlanetWhen you’re finished with this issue of Tibet Press Watch,please consider passing it on to a friend instead of throwingit out. Your thoughtfulness will not only ease our carbonfootprint in the world, but help to spread awareness aboutthe plight of Tibetans and the mission of peace and compassionof the Dalai Lama. Thank you.Printed on 30% post-consumer recycled content with soy inks15


1825 Jefferson Place, NWWashington, DC 20036Visit us at www.savetibet.orgNONPROFIT ORG.U.S. POSTAGEPAIDLANGHORNE, PAPERMIT NO. 11420th AnniversarySpotlightICT has initiated scores of programsduring the past 20 years, including theTibet Youth Leadership Program whichbrings Tibetans from all over the U.S.for an intensive week of lectures,workshops, trainings and visits togovernment offices. ICT-Europe hostsa similar program in Brussels foryoung Tibetans in Europe. SeveralTibetans from this program went onto internships or jobs on Capitol Hill,at ICT and at other human rightsorganizations.

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