Energy efficiency and renewables - Euromedina

Energy efficiency and renewables - Euromedina

Energy management inthe building sector:Turkish experienceTülin KESKİNAuditor Committee MemberChairperson of Energy EfficiencyWorking GroupWORLD ENERGY COUNCILTURKISH NATIONAL COMMITTEE1

Outline of Presentation‣ Turkish energy sector including renewableenergy use‣ Energyefficiency framework in Turkey (EEpotentials, new law on EE),‣ Building code of Turkey,householdequipment, air conditioner and lightingenergy efficiency potential in Turkey andactual situation of solar and geothermalenergy use in buildings2

GENERAL VIEW of TURKEY -2007‣ Total area is about 783 500km2, 34th big land in theworld.35 % agricultural, 27 % forestarea‣ Turkey is surrounded by theMediterranean, Black Sea,Marmara and Aegean SeaLength of coast 8333 kmA administrative divisions : 81provinces‣ GDP $ 489 billion‣ GDP per capita 6 625 US$‣ Population 70.5 millionPrimary energy consumption: : 107 mtoeIn n 2020 it is projected to rise: 222 m toeVery dependent on foreign energy imports.75 %•Electricity Production: : 191 TWh•Installed capacity (MW): : 40 836• Per capita energy consumption: : 1.5 toe/yr•Percapita electricity consumption: : 2 692kWh/yrEnergy Intensity(1000$/toe) : 0.36Carbon intensity per capita : 3.33

Natural Gas3%Renewable17.4%ENERGY SUPPLY andDEMAND 2007Coal56%Natural Gas31.9%Renewable4.3%Oill8.5%Wood andBomass14.7%Oil31.3% Wood andBiomass4.3%Coal29%Production27,4 mil toeImport share75 %Consumption107,6 mil toe4

ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION by SOURCES andRENEWABLE ELECTRICITY -2007Hidrolic +Geothermal19%Wind0.%Hard Coal8%Lignite20%200150Total Electricity and Renewable ElectricitySupply and PopulationG W h10050Natural gas50%Oil3%01990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007Total ElectricityRenewable TWh5

RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES POTENTIALHydroFeasible potential app.170 TWh/year 36 % of potential has been exploitedGeothermalThe possible geothermal heating capacity is 31,500 MWt.(equal to 5 million dwellings)120 000 dewellings and 900.000 m2 green house heated by geothermal,Proven geothermal electricity capacity is 550 MWe , 29 MW installedSolarTurkey is geographically well located with respect to solar energy potential.The average 2640 hours annual sunshine, solar intensity is 3.6 kWh /m²-day.Solar energy utilization in domestic hot water, collector capacity is approximately 18million m² and the corresponding annual energy production is 420 000 TOE ..Photovoltaic power installed capacity 1000 kWp.WindAccording to Turkey Wind Atlas wind potential 48 000 MW, There are 333 MWeinstalled capacity and they generated 355 GWh energy in 2007Biomass50-60 million tons of animal wastes and 50-100 million tons of agroindustry wastes canbe used for utilization of energy ,15 million tons of forest residues and 5,4 million ton6of

Turkish EnergyPolicy‣ The Ministry of Energy and Natural Recourses policy as;“meeting energy demand in a reliable, sufficient, timely, economicand environmentally sound manner so as to realize theeconomic and social development targets of the country”• limited indigenous energy sources,• the steep rise in energy prices• international environment –EU accession necessities for Climate ChangePolicy should lean on energy saving and renewable energy7

Energy Intensity in TurkeyEnergy intensity of Turkey500450485TURKEY4800.36….OECD.OECD average 0.2480…..EU25average 208It can be interpreted as,up to 50 % energysaving potential stillexist for Turkeyit is supporting evidence forthe revealed 20-50 % energy saving potentialenergy intencity(toe/m€)400350300250200 245,61501001999 2000 2001 2002 2003208,0EUyearsTurkey has energy conservation potential asTurkey has energy conservation potential as20%– 25% in industry30% - 50% in building15% - 20% in transportation8

ENERGY INTENSITY TREND OF TURKEY WITHNATIONAL CURRENCY , 1998 Fixed Price140,0GDP(TL)120,0100,0Pim aryEne rgy80,01998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007Ene rgy9

ENERGY EFFICIENCY ACTIVITIES‣ Energyefficiency policy : Ministry of Energy and NaturalResources,‣ Energyefficiency implementation:General Directorateof Electrical Power Resources Survey and DevelopmentAdministration (EIE),‣ Someenergy efficiency projects supported by internationaldonors such as UNIDO, World Bank, JICA, gtz, and EuropeanUnion,‣ Bigscale energy efficiency enhancement was not ensured in allsectors but capacity building and awareness rising achieved insome extend on EE in Turkey‣ Barriers: lack of an umbrella law, financial supports, capacities‣ “Energy Efficiency Strategy” for Turkey was prepared andadopted by MENR on June 2004.10

Energy efficiency studiesEnergy management system in industry is oneof the best practices of Turkey which would begood example for other countries.Almost 1000 Energy Managers trained in a program compriseslectures and practical applications on energy managementmethods and certified. With this program in industrial plantswhich consume energy more than 2000 toe, a perceptible energyefficiency increase was achieved.In the scope of energy audit scheme more than 100 plants were audited.The mandatory regulation forheat insulation on newbuildings, labeling ofhouseholds equipments, airconditioners and lamps are theother effectively implementedprogram.11

Energy Efficiency Law‣ To give a new impulse to energy to energy efficiency,the Energy Efficiency Law was enacted on May2007.‣ The objective of this Law is to increase the efficientuse of energy and energy resources for reducing theburden of energy costs on the economy andprotecting the environment. This law comprisesorganization, principals and procedures in orderto increase the energy efficiency in industry,electrical power plants, transmission anddistribution systems, building, and transportsectors.12

Energy Efficiency LawThe main components of the Law are:‣ To set up an administrative structure(thethe establishment of an “EnergyEfficiency (EE) Coordination Board” under the Secretariat of the EIE,with responsibility to implement, supervise and coordinate the energyefficiency activities of relevant organisations)andand mechanism forenergy management and efficiency services;‣ To increase energy efficiency awareness through energy conservationweek, the media, training in schools, competitions, etc;‣ To promote energy efficient equipment and vehicles;‣ To supply financial support to energy efficiency projects andenterprises through voluntary agreements.‣ The Law also states that Energy Managers should be assigned inindustrial and commercial enterprises and buildings(whichwhich have acertain level of annual energy consumption).‣ In addition, energy labelling/energyenergy usage identification for efficientenergy use, , a “BuildingEnergy Performance Certificate” will be issuedby the Ministryof Public Works, especially for larger buildings.13

2007Transport21 %Agriculture5%Non-Energy5%•Between 2000(building census)and 2006, 550,000 new buildingsreceived construction permits•470,000 received occupancypermitsBuilding30%Residential and tertiary -commercial and servicebuildings is the secondbiggest sector representing30 % share in end useIndustry39 %culture0,08%0,02%education0,37%ındustry1,83%Commercial7,09%•By 2006, Turkey’s skylines 8.2million buildings, not includingunregistered or illegalconstructionhealthsocial0,12%sport0,03% official building0,42%religious0,34%Tarımsal2,29%other1,43%Dwelling86%14

CONSUMPTION and PRICE TRENDElectricity27%Geotehermal andother Heat4%Solar1%HardCoal2%Lignite8% Asphaltite1%Wood16%In d e x500450400350300250200Natural Gas34%Oil7%1501005002000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007GDP (x106 US$) (at constant prices 2000 US$)Households and Services Energy Cons. (mtoe)Natural Gas (Households) (US$/toe)Final energy consumption (mtoe)Electricity (households) (USc/kWh)Lignite(Households) (US$/ton)15

Turkey is divided into four main climatic zones on aheating degree-daysThis regulation limits heatloss through the envelope ofthe buildings.Hot (1 st ) Warm(2 nd ) Cold(3 rd ) VeryCold(4 th )Heat loss limits have beenreduced by half comparedwith the old standards. Thislegislation has resulted inannual energy consumptionof new buildings beingreduced from 200-250 kWh/m2 to 100-120 kWh/ m2.17

Recommended ThermalConductivity Coefficients accordingto the degree days regionsW/m2/K1.region2.regionU WallU roofU floorUwindow0.70 0.45 0.70 2.40.60 0.40 0.60 2.43.region0.50 0.30 0.50 2.44.region0.40 0.25 0.40 2.418

EXISTING BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENCYExisting buildings, in Turkey 8,5 Millions buildings,86 % are residential. Existing regulation covers onlynew construction.Old buildings generally have low levels of roofinsulation (10 %) and double glazing (12 %).Energy Saving Potential in 6,1 Million Buildings7 billion US Dolar ~85.000 GWh19

RECENT REGULATIONS RELATED TO ENERGYEFFICIENCY (1)‣ Secondary Legislation of Dividing HeatExpenditures in BuildingsApril 14, 2008Individual heat meters application for thebuildings having central heating systems20

RECENT REGULATIONS RELATED TO ENERGYEFFICIENCY (2)Secondary Legislation on Increasing Energy Resources and EnergyEfficiency on Energy UsageOctober 25, 2008‣Appointment of Energy managers for services and public buildings with aminimum construction area of twenty thousand square meters or with an annualenergy consumption of five hundred toe (for public building the limits is decreasedby half).‣The Mass Housing Administration shall primarily analyze the possibilities ofusing cogeneration and heat pump systems and solar energy in mass housingprojects. The applications not exceeding ten percent of house cost shall be carriedout.‣In opening mass housing areas to settlement, Municipalities and Mass HousingAdministration shall give priority to regions where central and local heating andcooling is possible through thermal power plant waste heat and shall takenecessary measure for heat distribution infrastructure plans.‣Measures for increasing energy efficiency at buildings and enterprises belongingto the public sector is also defined with this regulation22

ENERJİ KİMLİK BELGESİBelge No :Bina tipi :İnşaat yılı :Kapalı Kullanma alanı :Ada, Parsel :Adres :Tarih :Belgeyi Düzenleyen :Oda Sicil No :Belgenin Son Geçerlilik Tarihi :İmza :Mülk sahibi:İsim:Adres:Müşterek tesisatların sahibi (gerekliyse):İsim:Adres:Enerji tipine göre yıllık tüketimlerNihai EnerjitüketimleriBirincil EnerjitüketimleriEnerji Kullanım Alanı kWsaat kWsaatIsıtma :Sıhhi sıcak su :Soğutma :Aydınlatma :TOPLAM :Isıtma, sıhhi sıcak su üretimi, soğutma ve aydınlatmaiçin enerji tüketimleri (birincil enerji olarak)Nihai tüketim:…………kWsaat/ m².yılIsıtma, sıhhi sıcak su üretimi, soğutma veaydınlatma için sera etkisi gazı (SEG) emisyonlarıEmisyon salımı:…………… eşd.CO 2 / m².yılTasarruflu BinaBinaSEG Emisyonu Düşük BinaBinakg eşd. CO 2 /m²yılkWh EP /m 2 ,yılEnerji Tüketimi Yüksek BinaSEG Emisyonu Yüksek Bina24

RENEWABLE ENERGY USE IN BUILDINGIntegreted building design concept is new for Turkey. Some pilot-demoapplications are exist for mostly research purposes.Solar Hot water collector is commonly used in the provinces Mediterranean andAegean Regions of Turkey.18 million m2 flat plate solar collectors are been in use as of 2007.25

RENEWABLE ENERGY USE IN BUILDING.Geothermal heat117 000 dwellings in 13 different region of Turkey have been heatedwith geothermal energy. It is estimated that this energy equal to 1million tons of fuel oil in 2007 . With the new Geothermal Law enforcedin June 2007, administrative maters and ownership rights ongeothermal recourses were clarified. Number of the dwelling heatedby geothermal is expected to be increased.Biomas one of the main heating source of rural dwellings. Agriculturalresidues such as shell of nuts, animal wastes are used as energysource.With the Renewable Law and other new law complementing it ispossible to produce electricity and sell to the system without gettinglicense under half MW installed capacity26

RENEWABLE ENERGY USE IN BUILDINGUNDP GEF PROJECT and EU Project is under preparation to enhance newbuilding design and applicationThe aims of the projects are: Strengthen the institutions, regulations, and implementers to raise the energyefficiency building standards as well as understand and implement the new EElaws; Introduce an integrated building design approach to Turkey;To established a building research center to support implementation of BEPregulationTo construct big scale demonstration buildings use them as training purposes Develop and introduce new tools to support energy efficiency and an integratedbuilding design approach; Lead to measurably improved energy efficiency and GHG emissionsreductions in new buildings.27

Conclusion‣ Turkish existing building stock especially buildbefore 2000 is energy intensive, the newapproach and initiative (financialsupport)isrequired;‣ New regulatory framework will help to changeenergy efficiency level with the support of theprojects under design stages;‣ There is a good PPP established in this sectorto enhance energy efficiency it will help tocapacity building.28

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