Habitat for Humanity InternationalImproving Access To Urban Land And PropertyRights (UL&PE) For Women and Excluded Familiesin Bolivia
BOLIVIA• Population: around 10 M• 60 % live in inadequatehousing conditions withoutsecure tenure of land• 63 % under poverty line• 31% of Bolivian householdsare headed by women
Cochabamba City• 70% of the 500,000 inhabitants inCochabamba live without secureland tenureDistrict 9• Population growth rate in peri-urbanDistrict 9 was 418% (1992-2006) dueto high migration• Informal land transfers are prevalentin peri urban areas• Very limited basic infrastructure andservices
PartnersStrategic Alliances for Project Implementation
GoalTo support the Bolivian Government in implementingits new Constitution and National Development Planfor regulatory and governance reform of urban landand property laws and policies
Objective:Increased access to urbanland and property rights(UL&PE) for women andexcluded families throughmore transparent andaccountable national andmunicipal governance.
A Three Pronged Results-Oriented Approach1. Regulatory reforms address barriers toUL&PE faced by women and excluded familiesnationwide.
A Three Pronged Results-Oriented Approach2. Organized citizenship active in land and propertyreform (with women as protagonists)
3. Reforma Regulatory regulatoria and institutional e institucional e reform en in en the el el Cercado remueve municipality barreras of Cochabamba hacia hacia la UL&PE. la removes barriers to UL&PE.3. Reforma regulatoria e institucional en el Cercado remueve barreras hacia la UL&PE.A Three Pronged Results-Oriented Approach3. Regulatory and institutional reform in theCercado Municipality of Cochabamba removesbarriers to UL&PE.
Protagonists and beneficiariesWomen head of householdsUpperMiddle classWith secure tenureFormal incomeBENEFICIARIES/PROTAGONISTSOF THE PROJECT ARE AMONGTHIS TIER:National Poverty LinePoorVery poor $2/dayExtreme poverty $1/day• 96% of households of the targetterritory do not have regularizedland tenure• Very limited access to basicservices• Increasing rate of people livingwith HIV/AIDS (10,000 infectedlive in in peri-urban areas in fourmain Bolivian cities)• Unstable and informal income• Women face violation of landrights by husbands and partners,• Lack of empowerment, andvulnerability to land speculators.
The Journey to EmpowermentSchool of Women Leaders on SecureTenure (SWLST)• Educates women on the technical andlegal aspects of secure tenure and landrights, including advocacy .• Provides training for local women to useGPS for land surveying and mapping.• Supports conflict resolution andimprovement of land use standards.
Advocacy StrategiesEngaging communities andparticularly women head ofhouseholds and excludedfamilies to use their voicethrough ato influence policy onsecure tenure, and urbanland governancebetween NGOs,academics, women,and experts to auditpolicy change;Fostering gendersensitive multistakeholderdialogue andconsensus to guaranteeintegrated urban policieson land planning, secureland tenure, and socialhousing.
Four Primary OutputsIncrease the number of genderresponsivelaws, policies andregulations at national and municipallevels.Reduce the UL&PE barriersfaced by women.Increase awareness andsupport of gender equality inUL&PE rights in Bolivia.Increase participation of women ininstitutional and non-institutionaldialogue with government entities.
ImpactEmpowermentAdvocacyRegulatory ReformsPolicy Implications
Milestones achievedEmpowermentWomen now at the table in decisionmakingdialogues with municipal andnational authorities.Women played a key role for 18community based organizations (CBOs)and grassroots territorial organizations(OTBs) organized in participatorymapping, collect plot plans, land-tenuredocumentation, etc.130 women, and 25 men havecompleted the programs at theSWLST.A women-led Network organizedleads advocacy, awareness raising,and replicates trainingRisks areas mapped, priority needsassessed, Urban Plans to be negotiatedwith municipal authorities
Gender related UL&PE issues havebeen made visible to the authorities bymeans of forums, informativepublications, lobbying, dialogues, andcollaborative work of the Women’sNetwork.AdvocacyAn increasing awareness amongwomen about their rights.An increasing number of women nowknow their rights, and have theknowledge and skills to organize andparticipate in collective advocacyaction for UL&PE.
Regulatory Reforms1. Proposals developed and agreed to bythe women to modify existing land tenureregularization laws3. A draft Law for the Regularization of UrbanProperty Rights has being presented by women inthe national Assembly which includes provisions fora gender-focused approach2. An agreement was signed with thelocal government to ensure training tomunicipal staff on gender sensitive landuse issues and policies4. Women are becoming empowered toaddress local authorities and communitymale leaders on community-related issues
Policy ImplicationsAlmost 70% of men and women interviewed in District 9 considerthat local government is not responsive to the local demands andfeel neglected and abandoned.Need to clarify land governance decision makersfor peri urban areas where there is no clearauthority accountableLand use plans that do not measure certaineffects, such as land price speculation, mightprovoke evictions against womenIntegrating information from Municipal Cadaster & Land RightsRegistry Office & Municipal Tax Administration Registry willbetter inform families of physical, legal, and value of land