Smart Grid Data Aggregation - IEA Demand Side Management ...

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Smart Grid Data Aggregation - IEA Demand Side Management ...

How does Smart Grids impactDistribution networks ?Schneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 20114


As we move from traditional grids ...Top-downenergy flowCentralizedgenerationHomesResidentialCentral productionadapting todemand variationIndustryBuildingRather passiveusersDatacenterTransmissionDistributionSupply/demandbalance done byintegrated utilitiesCommercial and industrialSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 20115


The MV/LV Transformer Substation:A strategic point in distribution networksSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 20117


KS FATraditional grids have been focused onfeeder automation …RTU+FPI (Traditional grid)RTCGSMGPRSInternet……WiMaxSCADA/DMSCOM (WAN)MV/LV substationLV network● Improving energy availability-MV fault location-Distribution network reconfiguration-MV distribution loop managementBenefits• SAIDI/SAIFI optimizationSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 20118


With AMM aggregation, MV/LV substationsbecome communication hubs …FPI & RTU + monitoringRTCGSMGPRSInternet……WiMaxSCADA/DMSCOM (WAN)MV/LV substationLV networkAMM SolutionRTCGSMGPRSInternetWiMaxPLC on LVSI AMMCOM (WAN)ConcentratorSmart Meters● AMM , Demand response-Meter Reading-Tariff management-Load managementFocus• Demand ResponseSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201110


… capable of managing demandresponse and LV network distributionSmart Feeder Automation : FPI & RTU + monitoring + ConcentratorSCADA/DMSInternetRTCGSMGPRSA single unit forFeeder automationand AMMMV/LV substation……WiMaxLV networkSI AMMCOM (WAN)PLC on LVPower Line CarrierSmart Meters● AMM , Demand response-Meter Reading-Tariff management-Load managementFocus• LV Network distribution• Demand ResponseSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201111


Smart Meter data aggregation benefitsSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201112


Out of the 10 applications, let’s take alook at some network operation benefits1. New customer connection2. Permanent fault3. Transient default4. Voltage management : over voltage5. Voltage management : under voltage6. Load management : unbalance currents7. Non technical losses8. Network disturbances : Harmonics , power factor …9. Load shedding10.Neutral cutoutSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201113


New customer connectionSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201114


New customer connection?Meter connected ?On which feeder ?On which phase ?•Meter+Box deliverables:•Customer identification•Contract•Loads & production•Outgoing & phase•Reflectometrie data•KSFA deliverables:•SLD updating•Data storage &transmissionSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201115


New customer connectionBenefitsReal time update ofnetwork/customertopology•Managecommercial dataRetailer•Manage drawings& technical dataDNOSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201116


Out of the 10 applications, let’s take alook at some network operation benefits1. New customer connection2. Permanent fault3. Transient default4. Voltage management : over voltage5. Voltage management : under voltage6. Load management : unbalance currents7. Non technical losses8. Network disturbances : Harmonics , power factor …9. Load shedding10.Neutral cutoutSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201117


Permanent fault?On which phase ?Where ?Schneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201118


Permanent faultPing•Meter + Box deliverables:• Answer to ping•Customer identifications•Contract•Loads & productions•KSFA deliverables:•Scan the meters•Substation fault indication•Data storageSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201119


Permanent fault•Meter + Box deliverables:•No answer to ping•KSFA deliverables:•Scan the meters•Detects lack of communication•Substation fault indication•Data storage•Data transmissionSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201120


Permanent fault•Fault Localization•maintenance alarm•Historic managementDNOSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201121


Permanent faultBenefits-Save time to repair(SAIDI improved)-Real time update ofdata base•HistoricmanagementRetailer•HistoricmanagementDNOSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201122


Out of the 10 applications, let’s take alook at some network operation benefits1. New customer connection2. Permanent fault3. Transient default4. Voltage management : over voltage5. Voltage management : under voltage6. Load management : unbalance currents7. Non technical losses8. Network disturbances : Harmonics , power factor …9. Load shedding10.Neutral cutoutSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201123


Voltage managementOver voltageSunny & Windyspring afternoon•Context•High local production•Low load level?How to regulatethe voltage ?Schneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201124


Voltage managementOver voltage•Meter + Box deliverables:•Detect over-voltage•Signal•KSFA deliverables:•Receive & analyze•Load shedding decision•Production requirements :•kW vs. kVAR•disconnectionSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201125


Voltage managementOver voltage•Meter+ Box deliverables:•Manage load shaping•KSFA deliverables:•Check results•Balance with next substationsSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201126


Voltage managementOver voltageRetailer•HistoricmanagementDNOBenefitsImprove qualityindex•HistoricmanagementSchneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201127


MV/LV substations are set to gain themost from data aggregationMV/LV substations: data hub for• MV Current, Voltage and FPI• LV Current and voltage monitoring• Smart meter dataGathering all functions in one unit• Optimise equipment and installation costs• Guarantee a high industrial grade for concentrator functions• Optimise the communication interface• Naturally share the dataLV Distribution becomes under control• Data base updating• Voltage management• Fault localisation• . . .Schneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201128


Make the most ofyour energyThank you for your attention !Schneider Electric – ENERGY/AUTOMATION – T&D 2011/Copenhaguen April 201129

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