Part 1 - Sarasota County Extension

Part 1 - Sarasota County Extension

CHICKENS 101INTRODUCTORY COURSERobert Kluson, Ph.DAG/NR Extension Agent IIIUF/IFAS Extension Sarasota County

INTRODUCTION Objectives of this Workshop Information and resources for backyard chickenhusbandry in urban & rural settings Science-based information on chicken biosecurity Support for sustainable, local foods production Information on local zoning for backyard chickens________________________________________________________________

WORKSHOP OUTLINE1 Overview of the Basics Local Regulations BiologyAnatomy / Breeds / Development Nutrition Housing and Predator Control Health and Biosecurity Wrap-Up4

OVERVIEW: BENEFITS OF CHICKENS• Nutritious food for family consumption• Sustainable local foodsheds• Pet therapy• Entertaining to watch• Fertilizer production• Bug terminator• Agrobiodiversity conservation• Biology & food education• Promote friendly neighbors w/ egg share• Bridge urban and rural communities________________________________________________________________5


OVERVIEW: ANATOMY1ChickenAnatomy________________________________________________________________7


OVERVIEW: HEALTHDustVaccinationPoorSanitationMoltingRoughHandlingWeighingNH 3 /H 2 SHeatPeckingOrderFeedRestrictionColdCrowdingMold &MycotoxinsPoorVentilationParasitesLoud NoisesBacteriaVirusesHumidity ProtozoaDirty WaterBeakTrimmingNutritionalDeficienciesPoor LitterQuality

OVERVIEW: BIOSECURITYDon’tMessWithMe !________________________________________________________________

OVERVIEW: GETTING STARTED Can I have chickens where I live ? Where do I buy chickens and supplies ? Where do I get follow-up information ?________________________________________________________________

SO WHICH CAME FIRST:THE CHICKEN OR THE EGG ?See the July 14, 2010 news report at

THE BASICS: GETTING STARTEDLaws and Regulations Be aware of your city ordinances before planning abackyard flock If chickens are legal, there may be restrictionsand/or requirements that must be followed, such as number of hens rarely are roosters permitted due to noise size of coop distance of coop to residences________________________________________________________________

THE BASICS: LAWS AND REGULATIONSZoning Ordinances Zoning Ordinance information for any city Minicode Corporation website Free database access Zoning Ordinances in Sarasota County, FL County: allowed in Open Use category (OUA, OUR,OUE) with limitations and in the RE category by specialexception Municipalities: permitted in cities of SarasotaNorth Port (only w/ AG zoning), and Venice (onlyrestriction = chickens and other domestic fowl are notallowed to run or be at large within the city )._____________________________________________________________

THE BASICS: LAWS AND REGULATIONSCity of Sarasota, FL - Ordinance 11-4955 Successfully petitioned by Sarasota C.L.U.C.K (CitizensLobbying for Urban Chicken Keeping) Final approval on February 7, 2011 Ordinance summary 3 year trial basis 4 hens/household; no roosters use of mobile chicken coops in backyards with propertysetbacks from property line required chickens may be let out during the day with fenceenclosed backyards, but required to be securelycontained within the coop during non-daylight hours. commercial eggs or poultry sales not allowed

THE BASICS: LAWS & REGULATIONSBackyard Chickens What are your options if your zoning does notallow backyard chickens? Be aware that citizen groups in cities across theU.S. have begun to promote keeping city flocks a step towards self-sufficiency through the backyardproduction of eggs a compatible partner to a backyard garden through pestcontrol and the production of fertilizer a cut down on kitchen scraps by feeding to the flock education for children on where food comes from desire for some to enjoy aspects of "country living" despitetheir urban environment________________________________________________________________117

THE BASICS: LAWS AND REGULATIONSSarasota County C.L.U.C.K (Citizens Lobbying for Urban ChickenKeeping) has been formed to push a measure allowingurban chickens Take the ‘Are You Ready for Backyard Chickens’ test Contact Info:

THE BASICS: GETTING STARTED1Backyard Chicken Sources Local Chicken Breeders- FL Poultry Breeders Directory American Livestock Breeds Conservancy Mail Order Companies- e.g., Murray McMurray Hatchery Local Supply Storese.g., Tractor Supply19

THE BASICS: GETTING STARTEDBackyard Chickens Supplies Stores Feed & Seed Stores Pet Supply Stores Country Supply Stores Craig’s List120



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