Feeding strategies through a challenging winter - Tom Hough ...

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Feeding strategies through a challenging winter - Tom Hough ...

Meadow QualityFeeding Strategies ThroughMichael PhillipsBusiness Development ManagerThursday 21 st October 2010a Challenging Winter1


2012: What happened?For the UK it was thedriest March since 1953,and the 5th driest since 1910(metoffice.gov.uk)


2012: Followed by…


Weather holds the key toWorld’s food price volatility


Chicago Seasonal VS 2012:Meadow QualityMichael PhillipsBusiness Development ManagerThursday 21 st October 20101


Commodity Price SummaryMeadow Quality• Supply & DemandMichael PhillipsBusiness Development ManagerThursday 21 st October 2010• Weather• Money Flows• External Influences1


What’s for 2013?Meadow Quality• Current poor state of UK winter crops• US farmers expectedMichaelto plantPhillipslarge corn, soybean &wheat crops,Businessbut theDevelopmentdrought isn’t overManageryetThursday 21 st October 2010• Big crops coming from South America – but with thatcomes logistical problems (month long queues at portsetc..)• How will Black Sea crops emerge from winter?1


Managing Buying RiskMeadow QualityRISKMichael Phillips• Increased volatility is the order of the dayBusiness Development Manager• Price movements can be suddenThursday 21 st & severeOctober 2010SOLUTION• Plan a purchase strategy• Source trusted information• Build relationships with buyers• Review strategy on an on-going basis1


Feed Efficiency• Poor growing season• Variable milk price• Increase feed costsFocus onMaximisingefficiency


Importance of SoilMeadow QualityMichael PhillipsBusiness Development ManagerThursday 21 st October 20101


Grassland Soil ChallengesMeadow QualityMichael PhillipsBusiness Development ManagerThursday 21 st October 20101


Soil ImprovementAction PlanMeadow QualityMichael PhillipsBusiness Development ManagerThursday 21 st October 20101


Knock on Effects• Soil– Major Minerals (except P) reduced due topoor growing conditions– Poor harvesting conditions result in 10%increase in soil contamination and 17% foriron– Waterlogged soil leads to 17%increase in molybdenum


Action Plan• Correcting the soil– Soil mineral analysis– Aerating soil– Application of saltRather Than….• Checking and correcting soil pH


Forage and Soil pHLosses in grass production due to acid soils (DM/ha)Soil pH6.087% 88% 91% 96% 100%• Yield reductions will result if pH not 6.0 – 6.5• Reduced Nutrient uptake and release• Mineral Lock-up


Forage• Poor Mineral StatusFrank Wright- Urgent News No. 177


Season SolutionsMeadow Quality• Under performance (yield/protein)– Poor forage qualityMichael PhillipsBusiness Development ManagerThursday 21 st October 2010– Underperforming cereals– Poor BCS reserves– Acidosis– Disease– MycotoxinsSOLUTION• Maximise forage utilisation• Supply correct, safe energy• Monitor and Manage BCS• Maintain rumen health / Sieving• Vet Health Plan• Mycotoxin binder1


Season SolutionsMeadow Quality• Falling Butterfat's / Fibre in dung– Inadequate fibre digestionMichael PhillipsBusiness Development ManagerThursday 21 st October 2010– Inadequate rumen nutrient supplySOLUTION• Supply correct nutrient balance• Provide digestible fibre• Safely supply CHO• Maximise forage utilisation• Yeasts / lignin additive1


Season Solutions• Trough Mix HeatingMeadow Quality– Typical temp (13 – 18 o C)Michael PhillipsBusiness Development ManagerThursday 21 st October 2010– 1 o C rise (above 20 o C) reduces DMI by 0.25%SOLUTION• Take the temperature• Good silage face management• Organic acids• Direct spray• Within molasses1


• Short of ForageSeason SolutionsMeadow Quality– Alternative feed supply tightMichael PhillipsBusiness Development ManagerThursday 21 st October 2010SOLUTION• Measure• Find available feeds• Straw• Fodder beet• Molasses• Take action early1


Health 2012Fluke• All cattle and sheep at risk (not just wet farms)• Huge levels of mortality possibleSchmallenberg Virus• Raised temp, milk drop & spontaneousrecovery in a few days• Still birth, congenital abnormalities includingfused joints, enlarged thymus


Feeding Strategies• Combination of cow signals and computerrationing for efficiency:– Maximising rumen potential– Next generation rumen prediction software– Metabolisable protein• alternative by-pass protein sources– Feed additives


Feeding Strategies• Target feeding cows– Use of OOP and robots– Setting the correct M+ level of base ration• Diet consistency– CCC• Mineral plan• Heifer rearing protocols• Fertility protocols


• Next generation signal softwarePicking Up Problems• Cow Signals• Muck• Rumen fill• Rumination• Cud balls• Tail twitching• Cow comfort• BCS (tools)• Ration sorting (tools)


Summary• Manage buying risk• Soil correction program• Develop a trusted team– Farmer / Vet / Nutritionist• Listen to the cows1

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