ISSUE 4 : May/Jun - 1977 - Australian Defence Force Journal

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ISSUE 4 : May/Jun - 1977 - Australian Defence Force Journal

DEFENCE PROCUREMENT IN AUSTRALIA 39ment projects and yet avoid the generation ofexcessive momentum too early. Competitivefunded contract definition exercises are usedincreasingly in large projects to cover explorationsof feasibility and project developmentby industry to reduce nugatory work andrefine the requirement. There is no simple orabsolute answer to the problem, but it isessential that means be adopted to ensure thatboth industry and Defence understand andrespond, each to the problems of the other.ConclusionOver the years the word 'procurement' hascome to embrace a considerable breadth ofactivity. It spans the totality of actions andconsiderations involved in the many stages ofa project. It starts at the 'gleam in the eye'stage; carries through the generic identificationof equipment based on the force capabilityrequirements; development of staff requirementsand specifications; program acceptance:generic approval; tendering; evaluation; sourcedefinitions; brand name recommendations andapproval; production; trials and finally deliveryto the Service.CURRENT DEFENCE READINGSReaders may find the following articles of interest.Foreign policy decision making: the case of Canadaand nuclear weapons. World Politics, Oct 76: 29-66.(Foreign policy — Canada; nuclear warfare).Russia's "relentless" arms build-up. (Interview withGen. Haig, Supreme Allied Commander, Europe).U.S. News and World Report, 17 Jan 77: 35-37.(Strategy — USSR; arms control; military forces— USSR).The Soviet threat and US strategic alternatives. (USAir Force Chief of Staff expresses concern overemphasis placed by Soviets on military expansion,and discusses implications of US strategic posturealternatives.) Air Force Magazine, Nov 76: 38-41.(Strategy — USSR; defence systems — US; threats).Soviet naval doctrine and Soviet politics. 1953-1975.World Politics, Oct 76: 90-113. (Navy — USSR;defence policy — USSR).Civilian combat casualties: our moral and legalresponsibilities. Marine Corps Gazette, Oct 76: 43-46. (Civilian population; casualties; military law;human rights).Is military unionization an idea whose time hascome? USNI Proceedings, Nov 76: 36-44. (Unions;naval personnel).USAF's crusade to streamline industrial production.Air Force Magazine, Oct 76: 62-67. (Air force —US; defence industry — US; aerospace industry).The educational background and training of Sovietair force officers. Roval Air Forces' Quarterly.Winter 1976: 333-341. (Air force — USSR: militarytraining).Defence procurement raises many problemsin seemingly unrelated areas. Simplistically, itis concerned with acquiring for the Servicesthe equipment best able to meet operationalrequirements. But. to be effective, an equipmentmust also be provided with necessarysupport and maintenance throughout its inservicelife. An independent defence capabilityrequires that such support and maintenanceshould, as far as possible, be provided by ourown industry, which must therefore also besupported. And, of course, at the same timewe are constrained by budgetary limitations.The selection of equipment for the Servicesis a complex, demanding and time-consumingactivity, requiring expert consideration from avariety of disciplines. The procedures set upwithin the Defence Department are designedto ensure that recommendations made to theMinister and the Government on the purchaseof a particular item of equipment, its supplyby a particular organisation, and its suitabilityto meet an assessed requirement are all exposedto thorough scrutiny by the various elementsof a system established within the Departmentof Defence to carry out these tasks. Q• *Officer training in the Royal Air Force. Royal AirForces' Quarterly, Winter 1976: 324-330. (Air force— UK; military training; group dynamics; attitudes(psychology)).Women and their new role in the Air Force. AirForce Magazine, Oct 76: 56-60. (Women; air force— US).Dynamic doctrine for dynamic defense. (In praiseof FM 100-5, and with comments on the Lindcritique) Armed Forces Journal International, Oct76: 28-29.The Need to know. Military Review, Sep 76: 45-55.(Intelligence; Military intelligence).The geostrategic triangle of North-East Asia. Nato'sFifteen Nations, Aug-Sep 76: 68-73. (Defence missions— U.S.: Pacific Ocean).Danish security policy. Nato Review, Oct 76: 3-5.(International securitv; Defence systems — Denmark:NATO).The "militarization" of Soviet society. Problems ofCommunism, Sep Oct 76: 34-51. (Civil defence;Communism; Military training).The Defence White Paper. (Dr F. A. Mediansky)Pacific Defence Reporter. Dec'Jan 76/7: 9-13.(Defence systems — Australia; Strategic assessment;Planning).Military surveillance. Part 1: means and methods.(Barracudaverken AB of Sweden) Pacific DefenceReporter, Dec'Jan 76/7: 82-84. (Combat surveillance;Military equipment).NATO and the dawn of new technologv. Defenseand Foreign Affairs, 11 '1976: 18-25. (NATO; Nuclearweapons.

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