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PORTAL 07PORTAL 07JunE 2006INFORMATION FOR ARCHITECTSFROM HÖRMANNBuildings in the Health Care and Residential Care SectorsProjects by Koller Heitmann Schütz; Rauh DammStiller Partner; Atelier in der Schönbrunnerstraße andfeddersenarchitekten


PORTAL 07INFORMATION FOR ARCHITECTSCONTENTS3 EDITORIAL4 / 5 / 6 / 7PORTAL TALKS TO GERHARD KEPPLERHow far does the architect's influence go when it comes to hospital construction?An interview with the architect of the Albklinik in Münsingen8 / 9 / 10 / 11PORTAL TALKS TO Professor LÜDER CLAUSDORFFWhere is our health-care system – and with it our hospital architecture – heading? Lüder Clausdorffabout the obligation to make cuts, competition and the role of the designer in hospital planning12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17Clinic AT WolfsburgA more comfortable stay also for hospital patients: the new facility in Wolfsburg has been designedto allow maximum use of daylight and generously-sized room layouts, without neglecting functionalityin the processDesign: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Koller Heitmann Schütz, Wolfsburg / Rauh Damm Stiller Partner, Hattingen18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23REGIONAL WOMEN'S AND CHILDREN'S CLINIC IN LINZ20 years in discussion, 3 years in the planning and 4 years in construction: how Linz cameby its most modern hospital to dateDesign: Atelier in der Schönbrunnerstraße, Vienna24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29KWA RETIREMENT HOME IN THE HOHENZOLLERNPARK BERLINA comprehensive care package for senior citizens: the KWA retirement home promises residentialaccommodation and care of the highest standard – and as a result attracts above all financially soundresidentsDesign: feddersenarchitekten, Berlin30 / 31HÖRMANN CORPORATE NEWS32 / 33ARCHITECTURE AND ARTOlaf Nicolai: "Camouflage / Torwand“34 / 35PREVIEW / IMPRINT / HÖRMANN IN DIALOGUECover illustration:Clinic at WolfsburgPhoto: Rainer Mader / Rauh Damm Stiller Partner


EDITORIALMartin J. Hörmann, Thomas J. Hörmann and Christoph HörmannPersonally liable shareholdersDear Readers,”Buildings in the Health Care and Residential CareSectors“ – the title of the latest issue of PORTAL suggestsassociations with current sociopolitical issues: a societythat is living longer and the costs explosion in thehealth care sector are just two examples here. Anyonecontemplating the future of architecture in the healthcare and residential care sectors will find it hard tocircumvent these issues – something that became clearto us when working on this 7th issue of PORTAL. WhenLüder Clausdorff, Professor for Hospital Construction at theFachhochschule Gießen/Friedberg (University of AppliedSciences) and Founder Member of the InternationalAcademy of Design and Health in Stockholm, talking toPortal complains that health care is being financiallydesiccated by politics because an increase in the healthinsurance contributions is not being allowed, it is acriticism that somehow has a familiar ring to it – and onethat definitely makes worthwhile reading. The four currentbuildings presented in PORTAL 7 range from a Children'sClinic to a Home for Senior Citizens and as a result spanall age groups. Classic general hospitals, of which weshow you two examples, one in Wolfsburg and the otherin Münsingen are presently affected particularly severelyby the health policy changes. Since introducing flat-ratesper medical case, the patient's stay in hospital is gettingever shorter; wherever possible a patient is treated andoperated on as an out-patient. And it is now also widelyaccepted that precautionary checkups and screeningprogrammes help save a lot of money that wouldotherwise have to be spent on the treatment of acuteillnesses. There is therefore a strong case for carrying outconversion or alteration measures (almost) everywhere– ifonly the necessary funds were available.These worries need not necessarily trouble the operatorsof the KWA retirement home in Berlin. The building,designed by feddersenarchitekten (see page 24 onwards),is a residential complex for financially sound senior citizensoffering a comprehensive care package and a high degreeof exclusivity. The building has left a marked impression onus because it demonstrates that architecture for the oldergeneration does not have to look old but, on the contrary,can have a youthful and vibrant character.Martin J. HörmannThomas J. HörmannChristoph Hörmann3


PORTAL TALKS TOGERHARD KEPPLERThe new Albklinik in Münsingen offers 105 beds with main wards for surgery,internal medicine, anaesthesia and obstetrics/gynaecology. The building wascompleted in December 2004 – and the response of both patients and staff to theirnew home has been entirely positive. Why this is so and what interactions thereare between function, design and the healing process, is explained in the followinginterview with the Münsingen architect Gerhard Keppler. He completed the newbuilding in collaboration with Planfabrik SPS and Scholderer, Reutlingen ina construction phase of just under 3 years.Portal: Herr Keppler, the new Albklink in Münsingenhas now been in operation for some 1 1 /2 years. Whatchallenges did this project present you with?Gerhard keppler: Constructing a hospital poses amajor challenge to any designer. Because here a buildingwith extremely strict functional requirements must bereconciled with appealing design. The objective is to lendthe dedicated facility and the often sterile atmosphereof former buildings a comfortable, personal ambience.It can be said that under the pressure of rising costsand competition in the health care sector, a change inhospital construction has begun. For the planner thismeans, among other things, supporting the operator ofthe clinic in attracting patients by providing appropriatearchitecture.Portal: Something that in terms of the clinic inMünsingen you have most certainly accomplished!Gerhard keppler: I think so. To carry out the projectthree architect's offices, experienced in designing socialbuildings, have joined forces. Right from the outset theplanning process was marked by an open, helpful andconsiderate dialogue between colleagues so that thedemarcation of the originally chosen performance limitsbecame less clear-cut as the planning progressed. Theresult is a homogeneous whole, in which the strengthsand specialities of all the participating architect's officesare integrated. The new building stands quite literallyon the green meadow at the town's southern edge. Thelack of urban-planning references gave us the chanceto gear the design predominantly to the picturesque Alblandscape. The underlying idea behind this is to use thelandscape as an essential ingredient to promote thehealing process.Portal: That doesn't sound like a classic hospitalbuilding.Gerhard keppler: Well, we have attempted tocontribute to contemporary hospital architecture whichsees the hospital not solely as a functional buildingbut one that grants people as much individual spaceas possible. The "hospital machine" as we know it fromthe 70s, still very much exists but it has now becomemore "human". Functionality cannot be all-consuming.The result is a building in which, depending on the area,functional constraints and design vary in proportion. Thisis reflected in a creative divide within the building, out ofwhich, I believe, a positive inner tension arises. Distinctrooms and contours give the complex a structure andmake the building parts and their functions recognizablefrom the outside, facilitate orientation inside the buildingand, as a result, create a sense of safety and confidencein using the building for patients, staff and visitors alike.4


BUILDER-OWNERKreiskliniken Reutlingen GmbHDESIGNArchitektengemeinschaftArbeitsgemeinschaft PlanfabrikSPS, EttlingenKeppler, Münsingen;Scholderer, ReutlingenHÖRMANN PRODUCTSSingle-leaf T30 steel tubular frameddoors HE 310; double-leaf steeltubular framed doors HE 320; singleleafT90 steel tubular framed doorsHE 910; double-leaf T90 steel firedoors HE 920; single and double-leafT30 steel fire doors H3D; single anddouble-leaf T90 steel fire doors H16PHOTOSRüdiger Dempfle / Hörmann KGThe colour accents in the glass facades have been chosen for aestheticas well as psychological-therapeutic reasons (left).Glazed stairwells promote better orientation and make therouting transparent (right).quite literally been brought into the rooms. The nursingcare corridors open up to the outside via storey-highglazings or to the covered greenhouse. The good visibilitypromotes better orientation within the building andimproves the patient's independence.Portal: How were you able to optimize movementsequences and the required floor space?Gerhard keppler: The movement sequences in theoperating theatre itself are almost entirely determinedby the surgical requirements and therefore fall for themost part outside of our direct planning influence. Thecontribution made towards improving operations andprocedures lies above all in the structure and allocationof the rooms and room sequences in these functionalareas. The two operating theatres in the Albklinik arelocated centrally on the second floor of the functionalbuilding, immediately adjoining the sterilization unit,post-operative recovery room and intensive care unit. Aninternal corridor in the inner operating zone connects thepatient transfer area (incoming and outgoing beds), thewash rooms, recovery room and staff rooms and makesshorter routes for the staff possible. The recovery roomand intensive care rooms are monitored and can beaccessed from a common control point. The entire areais directly connected to the bed elevators, the centralentrance hall and further with the nursing care wards.As a result, energy-depleting and stressful pre- andpost-operative transport routes for patients and staff areminimized. Located in the direct vicinity and on the samefloor are the maternity wards. Thus, short routes aremade possible in case of emergency interventions.Portal: Did the move from the old to the new cliniccause any problems in terms of the constructionprocedure?Gerhard keppler: The immediate planning of themove was organized by the district clinics in Reutlingen.The planners were only involved to the extent that thisaffected the construction procedure. Occasionallypermanent fixtures from the kitchen and sterilizationareas had to be removed from the old building withoutdisrupting operations, something that presented aparticular logistical challenge to the constructionprocedure. The patients were transferred throughout onemorning and everything went very smoothly. By this time,of course, the new building was completely finished andfully functional in all areas and departments.Portal: And how has the new building been received bythose using it?Gerhard keppler: As far as we can judge, theresponse of all the groups concerned has been positive.The building has now been in operation for over a yearand the staff, patients and visitors have all given it theirseal of approval.7


PORTAL TALKS TOPROFESSOR LÜDER CLAUSDORFFWhere is our health care system – and with it our hospital construction – heading?What new hospital models are possible in view of ever dwindling subsidies?Lüder Clausdorff, Professor for Hospital Construction at the FachhochschuleGießen/Friedberg, answered these questions for PORTAL. His conclusion:"there is currently an enormous investment backlog in hospital construction."PORTAL: For the future health experts draw the image ofthe informed patient who similar to the customer in thesupermarket chooses between the services offered byvarious service providers. How far has Germany progressedon its path towards becoming a health supermarket?Lüder Clausdorff: I think that quite a differentiatedhealth market is already available to us. This is due onthe one hand to Germany's two insurance systems, thestatutory and the private health-care insurance systems. Alarge number of people have already taken out additionalinsurance policies to cover treatment by senior consultantsor accommodation in single or two-bed rooms. Alsoin the sector of preventive health care offers for wellheeledpatients are increasingly being created, e.g. healthcheckups that companies book for their own managers. Iconsider this to be a step in the right direction because:up until now we did not have a health care system here inGermany but a "sickness system" that invested very littlemoney in prevention.PORTAL: Numerous inefficient hospitals are alreadythreatened by closure. What characteristics must a hospitalhave in order to be able to operate efficiently today?Lüder Clausdorff: Here, as everywhere else inthe economy, it is a matter of customer relationshipmanagement. Since patients are rarely in a position to reallyassess the actual medical treatment, other criteria areimportant – in the following order, as research has shown:firstly, the friendliness of staff, secondly the quality of thefood and thirdly the quality of the spatial surroundings. Toa certain extent this order is understandable. I myself haveexperienced behaviour in hospitals that I would not acceptin a hotel. On the other hand for a hospital bed (in a multibedroom and not including any treatment costs) you caneasily spend 400 euros per night, whilst for 100 euros youcan find an acceptable hotel room.PORTAL: Do you see our health care system leading usdown the road to two or multi-class medical care?Lüder Clausdorff: This observation is certainly correct.Whether the dividing line between the facilities will runalong the border between private patients and thosewith just the statutory health insurance, cannot as yetbe predicted. At the moment the number of those withstatutory health insurance is still high so that for a normalhospital - except perhaps beauty clinics - concentratingexclusively on private patients is not worthwhile.PORTAL: A trend often forecast is the conversion ofhospitals to centres for preventive medicine and wellness.Can conventional hospitals really achieve this or wouldn't itbe better to call on entirely new institutions?Lüder Clausdorff: I do not see any real trend towardsredesignation because already in terms of their locationwellness centres are expected to meet entirely differentrequirements. Hospitals that are no longer viable, arefrequently converted to old people's or care homes,occasionally also to hotels. The Rhone clinics, for example,pursue another concept. They set up portal clinics offering8


PROFESSOR LÜDER CLAUSDORFFborn in Wesermünde in 19461966-1970 Student of wood technologyand engineering as well asinterior design in Hildesheim1970-1975 Student of architecture at theInstitute of Technology Berlin1976-1993 Manager for HospitalConstruction, Collegeuniversity Construction,construction measuresforlisted buildings at theuniversity planning authorityMarburgsince 1993 Professorship at the Universityof Applied Sciences Gießen/Friedberg,Faculty of Hospital and MedicalEngineeringMember of the Associationof German Architects – TaskGroup Hospital Constructionand Healthcare as well asof the International Union ofArchitects, Public Health Group1998-2001 Member of the SpecialCommittee for HospitalConstruction, DIN GermanInstitute for Standardization,Berlinsince 2000 Founder member of theInternational Academy forDesign and Health, Stockholmsince 2005 Member of the GUPHA– Global University Programs inHealthcare Architecturepartial in-patient diagnostics, but with no in-patient careand no costly technical equipment. A further interestingdevelopment: nearly all major hospital operators buy socalled "Kassensitze", i.e. licences for registered doctorsin private practice at a specific location. This licence istransferable and can be sold. As a consequence, so calledhealth clinics or medical care centres are set up which aremostly located in the vicinity of the hospitals to which thepatients are referred.PORTAL: Can you cite an example of a hospital that hassuccessfully extended its "care package" and with it itsphysical structure towards preventive medical care andwellness?Lüder Clausdorff: A good example is the clinic inStarnberg, where a health centre housing facilities ofvarious service providers and offering interdisciplinarymedical care has developed from a traditional hospital. Itextends from a health clinic to out-patient facilities anda rehabilitation unit through to child-care and a facility inwhich older patients without relatives can be taken careof post-operatively until such time as they can look afterthemselves again at home.There is also an extreme development in the oppositedirection: a few years ago in the Netherlands a competitionof ideas on the subject of the hospital of the future tookplace. The central issue here was which facilities must ahospital absolutely retain in order to function. The outcomewas that only 50 per cent of the area is really necessary if,for instance, operations such as laundry and sterilizationand also the administration are farmed out. If we think thisthrough to the end it means that hospitals could return tothe city centres, from where they have withdrawn almostcompletely due to the high cost of land. So far here inGermany these concepts have not been implementedbut there are other models - such as Public PrivatePartnerships or Leasing Models - in which the hospitaloperators are no longer the owners of the land and building.PORTAL: If the "hospital of tomorrow" is to be characterizedby opening itself up to its surroundings and to thecommunity, then the clinic in Aachen is probably a textbookexample of a "hospital of yesterday". What are your feelingsabout this building?Lüder Clausdorff: The clinic in Aachen marked thezenith of the development in the 60s where the aim was tobring all functions under one roof. However, this idea didnot come from the architects but was politically driven.The building's appearance, somewhat reminiscent of arefinery, can be attributed to a subsequent tightening ofthe ventilation regulations during the construction phase.The shafts had already been set in concrete, so there wasno alternative but to attach the new larger ventilation linesto the outside of the building. With today's, more efficientventilation technology, the bulk of these systems could bedismantled again.9


PORTAL TALKS TOPROFessor LÜDER CLAUSDORFFPORTAL: How far can hospital design get into a situation inwhich the public frequently perceives structural extras as aluxury?Lüder Clausdorff: As I see it, good design is notconnected with luxury. Natural stone claddings and"Freischwinger" (cantilever chairs) by Mies van der Roheare not indispensable ingredients of structural quality butthe patient perceives them of course to be expensive. Interms of the design of the facade, for example, greaterattention should be paid to the constructional physics thanto its image. It goes without saying that double facadesare expensive – but hospitals with temperatures of 40degrees are unbearable to be in and in such circumstancesa thermally intelligent architecture is by far better andin the long-term more cost-effective than artificial airconditioning.PORTAL: It is often forgotten that hospitals must not onlybe pleasant places for patients to stay in but also pleasantplaces for doctors to work in too. How do German hospitalsfare in this respect when compared with other countries?Lüder Clausdorff: Compared with the situation, say inthe USA, the space and equipment assigned to the roomsof hospital doctors can best be described as sheer luxury.Here in Germany the room of a senior consultant can asa rule boast as much as 24 square metres; even a juniordoctor has 18 square metres to call his own! Yet theserooms are often used no more than three to four hours eachday.PORTAL: How many architect's offices in Germany todayare able to design a larger hospital?Lüder Clausdorff: In my view there are around 50offices – but no more, since in order to maintain a certaincontinuity, the offices must always work on several projectsat the same time. What's more, the offices specializingin hospital construction are getting increasingly larger.If these shrink, they jeopardize future orders as a resultbecause also the clients prefer ever larger offices.PORTAL: How must a design office be set up if it is to besuccessful in the hospital construction sector? Is it in themeantime indispensable to offer all the planning tasks as ageneral design from a single source?Lüder Clausdorff: The office must constantly operatein the hospital construction sector and be able to showcurrent projects. It must be qualified to perform specifictasks, such as build operating theatres, and also furnishspecial proof of this. Basically, this is understandable. I alsowork as a surveyor and in the case of some poorly designedhospitals I cannot help but feel sorry for the operators. As arule such facilities cannot be run cost-effectively.General planning is always a two-edged sword. As longas I, as the architect, can cooperate with partners I havechosen, it is always a benefit. When, on the other hand, theclient tries to persuade us to collaborate with partners wedo not know, the matter becomes much more difficult. Afterall, general planers are responsible solely for the planningperformance and if here an engineering office becomesinsolvent, for example, the consequences can be fatal.For the builder-owner cooperating with a general planeris of course much easier. This means he has just the onecontact.PORTAL: Because they are obliged to furnish proof ofprevious projects in order to enter a competition, hospitalarchitects in Germany have since become a "closedsociety". Do you agree?Lüder Clausdorff: In principle, I do. Where competitionsare concerned, however, and in as far as the builder-ownerdoes not insist on cooperating with experienced officesonly – there is a growing trend to also open the doors- via a kind of wild card - to a young, creative up-andcomingoffice which then as a rule collaborates with anexperienced office. I think that forming a team in this wayis an interesting approach which allows us to access newideas. By letting experienced architects work in the team,a builder-owner can occasionally be persuaded to allowthe up-and-coming architect to implement the planning.Exceptions here are, of course, really large-scale projectswhere safety considerations are paramount.PORTAL: What half-life period does an average newhospital building have today – in view of ever changingtechnical requirements?Lüder Clausdorff: In the case of departments withhigh operative costs in which innovations follow in quicksuccession - for instance in radiology - one can estimate aneffective half-life of 10 years until first alterations become10


Not only in terms of the (infra)structure but also as regards the externalappearance, a lot of hospitals these days are in need of renewal.Here the design plan (bottom right) for the St. Josef Hospital in Dudweiler(architects: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Lüder F. Clausdorff, Marburg, andWilli Latz Arus, Püttlingen).necessary. In other areas the guide value lies more in theregion of 25 years. After that time the technical systemshave more or less come to the end of their service lifeor must be adapted to meet new mandatory standards.Good hospital construction is based essentially on twofactors: good architecture – both inside and outside – andfunctionality. Process optimization is the order of the day –that means: to achieve the best results using existing areasand existing staff. Here two trends presently dominate:firstly, increasing numbers of out-patient operations haveled to OP areas being rebuilt. Over and above this, thenumber of out-patient treatments now being performed, isincreasing in general. Here the same applies as in everygood doctor's surgery: long waiting times are a thing of thepast. However a lot of hospitals have not yet adapted tothis new situation because their examination areas are stillgeared to in-patients.PORTAL: How high do you consider the need for newhospitals, extensions and conversions over the nextdecades to be?Lüder Clausdorff: In terms of hospital constructions,Germany presently shows a huge investment backlog.Entire federal states have reduced their hospital subsidiesby more than fifty per cent. As a result, some of thehospitals must, just like any business enterprise, take out aloan from the bank in order to make investments possible.Many operators choose Public Private Partnership (PPP)models or similar forms of financing in order to financeurgently needed reconstructions or to build new facilities.The so called monistic model has been in discussion herein Germany for decades. According to this model hospitalsnot only get money for treatments from the health insuranceschemes but also for investments. Basically, this approachmakes sense because it would allow the hospitals reliable,long-term planning. However it is not supported by thepoliticians because the parties want to keep contributionsto the health insurance schemes low. That the publicinvestment contributions have now also been reduced,makes the situation doubly difficult. On the other hand, itcan be seen from the success of the new financing modelsthat money can obviously be made with hospitals - after allno joint-stock company would invest in real estate if it didnot show any profit.11


Clinic AT WolfsburgThe nursing care areas of the 40 to 50 year old clinic in Wolfsburg had not beenup to standard for quite some time. The entrance area and routing also needed tobe updated. With "House G" and a glazed linkway between the new and existingbuilding, the architects Koller Heitmann Schütz and Rauh Damm Stiller Partner wereable to rectify the situation. Light-flooded rooms ensure that the normally sterilehospital atmosphere is bright and friendly.As a teaching hospital of the University of Göttingen theclinic at Wolfsburg has 684 in-patient beds and 10 partialin-patient beds. As such it is one of Lower Saxony'slargest hospitals and covers medical health care for acatchment area of some 180 000 inhabitants. The historyof this hospital dates back to the 50s. Founded in 1953,it was already extended 10 years later to include agenerously-sized building for the children's and women'sclinic as well as the x-ray and radiology department with200 beds. In the process, the former children's clinicwas converted to a new ENT department. In 1984 the cityhospital was given a new functional wing. Already some15 years later the nursing care areas no longer meetpresentday requirements. From 2000 to 2005 the clinicwas therefore given a further vitamin boost. The new"Haus G" saw completion in July 2005 after a constructionphase of some 29 months. The project team, made up ofthe local architects Koller Heitmann Schütz and RauhDamm Stiller Partner from Hattingen, had already won thecorresponding competition back in the year 2000.Investment in the new building amounted to 32.2 millioneuros. But this did not just generate more space andgreater comfort – at the same time the planners used theopportunity to improve the clinic's entrance situation andthe routing within the complex. The glass-covered mainthoroughfare, a two-storey linear connection betweenthe old buildings and "Haus G", separates the two keytraffic routes: one serving visitors and out-patients onthe ground floor and the other in-patients on the upperfloor. The eastern end boasts one particular accent inthe form of a four-storey glazed atrium. It representsthe new "face" of the clinic – which incidentally notonly serves development and orientation but can beadditionally used for exhibitions and events. In the directand visible vicinity of "Haus G" on the ground floor themain entrance to the clinic is located. On the plot fallingaway to the south, the layout of the L-shaped buildingcovers six floors. On account of the hillside location the"English basement" with kitchen, seminar, library andconference areas has been partly developed as a groundlevel design. The ground floor houses rooms for pastoralcare and social services, the south wing the cafeteriawith a generously-sized open space. The upper floors,each with two wards comprising 32 beds respectively, arededicated to monitored Intermediate Care and GeneralCare. Lifts, the stairwell as well as supply and disposal,patients' bathrooms, conference room and bed cleaning/preparation are centrally located. On the opposite sidethe architects placed large common rooms or so calledpatients' restaurants which are planned as communicationzones and areas in which meals can be taken. Each wardcomprises four 4-bed rooms, six 2-bed rooms and foursingle rooms. Two of the 4-bed rooms are designed insuch a way that with very little effort it is possible to dividethem into full 2-bed rooms. The total of two care centresper floor are located centrally within the wing. They offerspace for the areas assigned to the personnel, such asthe nurses' offices, the tea kitchen or the offices of thehospital doctors.12


Clinic AT WolfsburgTypical ground plan of the upper floors in "Haus G",site plan of the new buildings (bottom).14


"Haus G", laid out as an equal-sided L-shape, opens up via large recessedbalconies, on both the eastern and southern sides, to the green areasoutdoors.The hillside location means that along the longitudinal facade on the westit was possible to develop the basement as a ground level design (bottom).15


BUILDER-OWNERCity of WolfsburgDESIGNProject GroupKoller Heitmann Schütz, WolfsburgRauh Damm Stiller Partner, HattingenAt the eastern end of the so called main thoroughfare, the glazedreception area is open and inviting (far left).Secured by Hörmann sliding fire doors, the glazed, generously-sizedcommunication zones between the wards allow light to flood the interior,even deep into the corridors (top).Two of the 4-bed rooms can be effortlessly converted into two 2-bedrooms (bottom right).The departmental care groups each comprising 16 beds are separatedfrom each other by fire doors (bottom left).PHOTOSRainer Mader / Rauh Damm Stiller PartnerStephan Falk / baubild / Hörmann KG(p.17 top, bottom left)HÖRMANN PRODUCTSSliding fire doors T90 HG 18with wicket door; steel fire doors T3017


REGIONAL WOMEN'S AND CHILDREN'S CLINIC IN LINZFollowing a discussion, planning and construction phase of some 25 years, Linz hasfinally got a new joint women's and children's hospital. The functional new facility,designed by the Atelier an der Schönbrunnerstraße in Vienna, offers spatial flexibility,short interconnecting routes and an understanding of economic efficiency, in whichaspects such as the feel-good factor and a sense of achievement experienced by bothpatients and staff are integrated into the overall concept.The example of the new regional women's and children'sclinic perfectly documents just what an enormousadministrative act of strength building a new hospital evenfor a city like Linz means. A total of 25 years have elapsedfrom the initial idea to create a special medical centre forwomen and children up to the inauguration of the newfacility this year. The longest phase was dedicated todiscussing various locations and concepts. The buildingitself dating back to an application procedure initiatedin1999 and concluding with a competition took just 3 1/2years to complete. The new facility built for around 100million euros and designed by the architects Atelier in derSchönbrunnerstraße in Vienna offers 268 beds – 60 of whichfor Gynaecology and Obstetrics, 10 for a day-care clinic andjust under 200 in the actual children's clinic. The MedicalDirector of the clinic, Prof. Dr. Klaus Schmitt explains thatthe concept of short routes that could be realized with thenew facility, offers the advantage "that premature babiesand sick newborn babies no longer need to be separatedfrom their mothers should health problems arise but receivetheir treatment in the same facility". The architects add: "Anessential feature of our project is condensing a relativelycomplex spatial and functional programme into a compactbasic structure that is as universal as possible. Bed units,out-patients' departments and administration are no longerunderstood as construction volumes to be separatedfrom each other. As a result, it is also easy to change thefunctional contents because the organizational changesin the health-care sector are not yet finalized.“ The newbuilding extends the existing regional children’s clinic by afour-storey high, partly pile-elevated block receiving lightfrom three inner courtyards. The newly designed hospitalforecourt at the entrance to the clinic interrupts the street;it is no longer a public thoroughfare - only emergencyvehicles are allowed to drive through.A two-storey entrance rotunda with sloping glass wallsacts as a reception area and distribution zone. Besides thereception area, this building structure houses a cafeteriaas well as, on the upper floor, function rooms for eventswith corresponding side rooms. The second and third upperfloors span the hospital forecourt and rest on the existingreception building of the regional children's clinic. Here tooa new linkway on the roof of the reception building createsshort routes between the old and new building. Also in thebasement both parts of the building are interconnected;here in the new building the hospital's accident andemergency department has been set up. Thanks to asubmerged planted courtyard and transom lights also theserooms receive natural light.For their new building the architects partly redefined theconcept of economic efficiency: "Ultimately economicefficiency should represent the sum of the constructioncosts, the operating and maintenance costs and the wellbeingand sense of achievement of those living and workingthere." This breaching of the gap between economicefficiency and comfort also characterizes the exterior of thenew building. Its facades differ - above all through the useof colour (a deep orange) - from those of its neighbour. Aglass facade has been attached to the longitudinal sides toreduce the noise pollution in the patients' rooms.18


REGIONAL WOMEN'S AND CHILDREN'S CLINIC IN LINZGeneral view of the new building. The Regional Women's and Children'sClinic and the white plastered blood centre (right of the picture) weregiven curtain walls of glass which improve the sound insulation.The entrance rotunda (bottom) is located precisely at the point where thenew building bridges the former "Krankenhausstrasse".20


Location plan (centre) and floor plans of the ground floor (bottom left)and 2nd upper floor (bottom right).21


REGIONAL WOMEN'S AND CHILDREN'S CLINIC IN LINZReception and distribution room: the entrance rotunda.A neon sign shows the name of the day's newborn babies.22


BUILDER-OWNERgespag, LinzDESIGNAtelier in der Schönbrunnerstraße,ViennaPHOTOSStephan Falk / baubild / Hörmann KGgespag, LinzHÖRMANN PRODUCTSSteel framesLOCATIONKrankenhausstraße, LinzThe artist Claudia Schumm was responsible for the artwork in thebuilding. Large-scale coloured areas and photo motifs decorate theinternal walls on the wards (centre right).In the hospital corridors coloured wall areas and doors provideaccents of colour, at the same time as facilitating orientation(bottom right).FLOOR SPACE13 000 sq.m.TOTAL COSTS98.4 million euros23


KWA RETIREMENT HOME IN THE HOHENZOLLERNPARK BERLINThe demographical development makes it clear: the need for residentialaccommodation types specifically tailored to the elderly is constantly growing.Some operators of old people's homes endeavour to satisfy this growing demandwith a comprehensive service package covering both accommodation and care. Thesomewhat better-off retirees in the KWA retirement home in the HohenzollernparkBerlin, designed by the Berlin architects feddersenarchitekten, can therefore spendtheir twilight years in a "cultivated" atmosphere – in as much style, comfort and asindependently as possible whilst also enjoying a high degree of assistance and care.The KWA retirement home at Hohenzollernpark was openedin 2002. It is located to the south-west of the city, roughlyhalf an hour away from the centre using public transport andboasts excellent links to the city motorway. Here the elderlycan enjoy what one could call "a well-earned retirement":residential accommodation and care of the highest standard.According to the concept of past decades the elderly havelived predominantly in old people's homes - an unwelcomedevelopment as we now realize today. Better by far areconvincing overall concepts that no longer cut people offfrom their environment but allow them to live in the midstof things without having to forfeit safety and security to doso. Thus, the „KWA Retirement Home in HohenzollernparkBerlin“ would like to see itself as a model representing anew generation of homes for senior citizens, into which thelatest findings in gerontoloy (the science of aging), care,architecture and the "feel-good factor" are integrated. Anin-house out-patient care service providing all forms of care(up to third stage nursing care in insurance terms), attendsthe residents in their own apartments and takes care of theirindividual needs. Whoever can afford this, will not have toworry about forfeiting luxury.The architecture for this ambitious project was executedby feddersenarchitekten in Berlin. Their urban-planningconcept comprises two "blocks" in a parallel arrangementextending from north to south, completed by a third block toform a U-shaped overall complex. One enters the building atan angle to be met by a spacious foyer with a small integralshopping zone. The sweeping line of the wall leads directlyinto the central tract that sees itself as the social centreof the retirement home housing the large entertainmenthall, café/restaurant and various club rooms.Available in addition: a swimming pool with sauna, afitness area, a bowling alley, a library and a chapel.In total the KWA retirement home provides 143apartments, each with a living space ranging between40 and 85 sq. metres. Each of the 1 1/2, 2 and 3-roomapartments includes a balcony or a terrace, a kitchenand a bathroom. Residents can achieve the personaltouch by choosing their own furnishings; the bathroomoffers flexibility: if necessary the shower cubicle or bathtub can be removed without entailing any conversionwork, to provide a barrier-free shower. Thus, eachapartment can be adapted to the needs of the individualoccupant. It is even possible to modify the apartment'sfloor plan – involving minor structural changes. Outpatientcare is decentralized: it is provided by so called"floor ladies", in other words there are no separate carerooms.The building presents itself to the outside world with anoticeable vigour: from the first to the 4th upper floor thebalconies are designed as an oscillating element in anattempt to counteract the massiveness of the six-floorhigh building and remove the "formality" of the interior sooften characteristic for homes of this kind. Moreover, inthis way the design blends in well with its surroundingsand the existing stock of trees.It is very much hoped that the concept of the KWAretirement home in the Hohenzollernpark Berlin willprove successful in the future. Initial approval cameat the exhibition "Altenpflege 2004" (Care of the Elderly2004), where it received a prize in recognition of itsconcept and architecture.24


The KWA retirement home in Hohenzollernpark Berlin is a U-shapedbuilding complex in which its park-like inner courtyard boasts a stock ofmature trees and a pond.25


KWA RETIREMENT HOME HOHENZOLLERNPARK BERLINThe ceiling-high glazed entrance hall has the charm of a spacious hotel lobby(top).The first port of call is the reception, the counter of which is elegantlyintegrated into the sweeping line of the wall (bottom left).Informal meeting points throughout the entire building, such as on the galleryabove the entrance hall, provide ample opportunity for those seeking contactand conversation (bottom right).26


Floor plan of ground floor (top left)Floor plan of first upper floor (top right)Regular public functions in the large entertainment hall turn the KWAretirement home into a meeting place and information centre (bottom left).In the common room areas the Hörmann fixed glazing allows light to floodin from the outside, penetrating far into the corridor.27


KWA RETIREMENT HOME IN HOHENZOLLERNPARK BERLINThe café/restaurant is located at the central point on the ground floorof the connecting horizontal block. Dining from here you can enjoy anexclusive view of the park landscape surrounding the complex.28


BUILDER-OWNERKWA Kuratorium Wohnen im Alter,UnterhachingDESIGNfeddersenarchitekten, BerlinLOCATIONHohenzollerndamm 150–152, BerlinCONSTRUCTION PHASE2000–2002PHOTOSfeddersenarchitekten, Berlin;Stephan Falk / baubild / Hörmann KGHÖRMANN PRODUCTSSingle-leaf T30 steel tubular frameddoors HE 310; double-leaf T30 steeltubular framed doors HE320; fireresistantglazing HE 330, single-leafsteel smoke-tight doors S/RS 100;double-leaf steel smoke-tight doorsS/RS 200.Each of the 143 apartments has its own balcony with extra widedoorways tailored to the needs of the disabled (top right).The residents can choose their own furnishings, thereby affordingeach apartment an individual character (bottom right).CONSTRUCTION COSTS18 million euros29


CORPORATE NEWS1. HÖRMANN TAKESOVER THE DOORMANUFACTURER GADCOWith its acquisition of the AmericanDoor Company (GADCO), Montgomery/Illinois, Hörmann consolidates itspresence on the US market. Thetakeover of GADCO is the nextstep towards opening up the NorthAmerican market following thefounding of Hörmann Inc. in 2002 nearKnoxville / Tennessee. With its garagedoors specifically tailored to the needsof American consumers, GADCOextends Hörmann's product spectrumand as a result reinforcesthe company's market position in theUSA. In addition, Hörmann expectsto benefit from the synergy effectsby using GADCO’s sales and supplychannels.GADCO was established in 1961and is known in the USA as abrand manufacturer of sectionalgarage doors in steel and timber aswell as for industrial doors. At itsheadquarters in Montgomery / Illinoisthe company employs a 150-strongworkforce and can boast an annualproduction capacity of around 75,000doors. In 2005 GADCO recorded asales volume of approx. US $ 45million. Sales are achieved via tensales companies in America's Westand Midwest.2. HÖRMANNINDUSTRIAL DOORSAND SHEET STEELDOORS COMPLY WITHTHE ATEX DIRECTIVEWith immediate effect Hörmannindustrial doors and sheet steeldoors meet the requirements of theEuropean Directive ATEX 94/9/EC(Equipment and Protective SystemsIntended for Use in PotentiallyExplosive Atmospheres) and cantherefore be used in potentiallyexplosive environments. Industrialdoors and sheet steel doors inparticular with electrical optionalextras are regarded, as defined bythe ATEX Directive, as equipment witha potential ignition source. On sheetsteel doors one possible cause for anATEX 94/9/EC is theabbreviation for theEuropean Directivenamed after the French"ATmosphere EXplosible"whose requirements aremet with immediate effectby all Hörmann sheet steeldoors.30


1 3 4explosion is, for example, the springhinge in the event of spring breakage.For reliable protection in potentiallyexplosive areas doors must fulfilspecific criteria. This includes,among other things, a certain paintcoat thickness or the electrostaticconductibility. Hörmann guaranteesthis protection with immediateeffect on all its sectional doors,rolling shutters, high-speed doorsand sliding fire doors as well as forsheet steel hinged doors. Moreover,Hörmann's ATEX certification exemptsthe operator of a building from hisresponsibility in terms of ignitionrisks as stipulated in the industrialsafety ordinance. However, asregards operation and maintenance,the operator continues to assumethe responsibility. To be observedabove all here are the maintenanceintervals stipulated in the OperatingInstructions. The documentationis handed over to the operatorfollowing installation of the doors.The installation as well as repairof doors holding ATEX certificatesmay only be carried out by specialistpersonnel specifically trained forthat purpose. For this Hörmannoffers its own seminars and trainingcourses. In addition, Hörmannspecialist consultants are available toanswer any questions you may haveconcerning the ATEX certification.3. HÖRMANN CRASH-PROOF FIXED GLAZINGThe fire and smoke-tight fixed glazingsfrom Hörmann KG satisfy the guidelinesof the "Technical Rules for the Useof Crash-proof Glazings" (TRAV). Theredundancy of a handrail constructionconnected with it, saves the builderownerof a project additional costs andopens up greater creative scope toplanners and architects.The TRAV directives are intendedfor areas of use, in which glazingsassume the function of a railing, e.g.on galleries, podiums or stairwells.Here persons in traffic areas should besafeguarded against a crash from theside. The "LBO" (state building codes)demand a crash safety device with aheight difference of one metre or 0.5metres in Bavaria.All Hörmann fire and smoke-tight fixedglazings G30, F30, F60, F90, includingthe F30 system wall, A/RS 350 andS/RS 300 satisfy the requirements ofthe TRAV directives. When orderingHörmann fixed glazings the builderownermust state whether these are tobe implemented according to TRAV.4. PRODUCESPECIFICATIONTEXTS QUICKLY ANDPROFESSIONALLYMore than 9000 planners have sofar used Hörmann's architects'programme. An updated versionfeaturing more product drawings isnow available to you with immediateeffect. The Hörmann architects'programme allows you to produceindividually tailored specificationsin GAEB and Word formats withjust a few clicks of the mouse. Theprogramme leads you quickly andprecisely to the Hörmann productsyou are looking for and to thecorresponding texts. These can bemodified to meet your individualrequirements, so you can be sureof producing an accurate andcomprehensive project-relatedproduct description.The architects' programme workswith all the most frequently usedversions of Microsoft Word underthe operating systems Windows 98,NT 4, 2000 and XP. It is available fordownloading in both the DXF and PDFformats (with or without drawings) inHörmann's Architects' Forum atwww.hoermann.de or can be orderedon CD.31


ARCHITECTURE AND ARTOlaf Nicolai: CAMOUFLAGE / TORWANDIn Germany the "Torwand" (goal wall) enjoys cult status.It is part of the inventory on the weekly sports review "dasaktuelle Sportstudio“ on the ZDF TV channel in whichthe German premier football league comes under thespotlight. At the end of the programme celebrity guestscompete against one another to see who can score themost goals at the goal wall.In the installation “Camouflage / Torwand“ there arethree goal walls to shoot at. In contrast to the real goalwalls the surfaces take up a camouflage scheme. Theircolourfulness relates to the crosslinking of differentcontexts: they are reminiscent of Warhol's camouflagepictures as well as of popular textile prints. The names ofthe walls refer to the legendary goalkeepers Jürgen Croy,Wolfgang Kleff and Sepp Maier. A constellation emergesthat in real life during the 70s, at the height of theirsporting careers, would never have been possible. At thattime Croy was the celebrated national goalkeeper of EastGermany, at the same time Kleff and Maier were writingfootball history with their goalkeeping achievements inWestern Germany.Olaf Nicolai:Camouflage / Torwand 1-3[Croy, Kleff, Maier]2001Wood, metal, paint, soft ballseach 183 x 270 x 40 cmCourtesy of Galerie EIGEN + ART Leipzig/BerlinPhoto: FBM-Studio Zürich / Migros Museum© VG Bild-Kunst32


Olaf Nicolai:born 1962 in Halle/Saale1983 - 1988 Student of German Language andLiterature (diploma)1992 Promotion (subject "Gestezwischen Expression und Kalkül.Zur Poetik der Wiener Gruppe“)Living and working in Berlin2002 Art prize of the City of Wolfsburg2000 Fellowship at the Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg, DelmenhorstFellowship IASPIS, Stockholm1998 PS1 fellowship, New York1996 Fellowship Villa Massimo(residence 1998)Individual exhibitions (selection):2006 Galerie EIGEN + ART, LeipzigLeonhardi Museum, DresdenKunstraum Dornbirn2005 ”The Blondes“,Galerie EIGEN + ART, BerlinPrinted matter, New York, USA2004 ”Odds and Ends“, Projektraum enter,Kunstmuseum Thun, SwitzerlandContact:Galerie EIGEN + ARTTAuguststraße 2610117 Berlinwww.eigen-art.comPeterWahl,Dipl.-Ing.Circuit ParkPhoto: Michael Kretzschmar / Zwoacht.de33


PREVIEW / IMPRINTin the Next Issue of PORTAL:The House of the FutureArchitectural visions of living in the future revolve for themost part around well known points of reference: form andflexibility, comfort and technology. Will the much propagated"intelligent house" ever become a reality? Or will architecturein future focus once more on the soft, emotional factors ofliving? Even our 8th edition of PORTAL will not be able tosupply a definitive answer to these questions, but we will betaking a look at international architecture in the residentialsector and the relationship between globalization andgeographical reference, authenticity and eclecticism,fashion and sustainability.Photo: Hörmann KG34


HÖRMANN IN DIALOGUEThe House of the Future –Building with HörmannOnly five per cent of all homes in Germany are plannedby architects. At least that's what the statisticians claim.Nevertheless, we believe that this five per cent is stillworthy of attention. Send us information about the singlefamily homes and multiple dwellings that you have builtusing Hörmann products – as a short documentation withplans and photos, maximum A3 scale, by post or email to:Hörmann KG Verkaufsgesellschaft, attn. Ralf BiegertUpheider Weg 94–98, 33803 Steinhagen / Germanyr.biegert.vkg@hoermann.deThe names of all contributors will be entered into a rafflewith the chance of winning one of 15 copies of the book"Olaf Ncolai. Arbeiten 2003-2006" (ISBN 3-938821-23-X),signed by the artist himself.PUBLISHERHörmann KG VerkaufsgesellschaftPostfach 126133792 Steinhagen / GermanyUpheider Weg 94–98-33803 Steinhagen / GermanyPhone: +49(0)5204 915-0Fax: +49(0)5204 915-277Internet: http://www.hoermann.comEDITORSCertified Engineer Ralf BiegertCertified Engineer Dietmar DannerCertified Engineer Jakob SchoofPUBLISHING HOUSEGesellschaft für Knowhow-transferin Architektur und Bauwesen mbHFasanenweg 1870771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen /GermanyPRINTSachsendruck GmbhPaul-Schneider-Straße 1208252 Plauen / GermanyThis journal and all the articles andillustrations contained therein areprotected by copyright. The publishinghouse and editors do not assume anyresponsibility for unsolicited photosand manuscripts.Printed in Belgium.


Allianz-Arena, MünchenPremier League for YourIndividual Fire Protection Concept.NEW: T30 Automatic Sliding DoorHörmann offers you Europe'slargest range of fire protectionelements. The completerange of fire and smoketightelements in steel andaluminium, T30/60/90,design-coordinated, withmatching hinged doors.Now new: the T30 automaticsliding door for greatertransparency and convenience.Doors for Home & Industry(Issue 07.06) 85 489 E/P - 3.15Printed 11.06

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