Toxicity of biopesticides to green apple aphid in apple-tree

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Toxicity of biopesticides to green apple aphid in apple-tree

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SODININKYSTĖ IR DARŽININKYSTĖ. MOKSLO DARBAI. 2009. 28(3).Biopesticidų toksiškumas žaliesiems obeliniams amaramsL. Raudonis, A. Valiuškaitė, L. Duchovskienė, E. SurvilienėSantraukaLietuvos sodininkystės ir daržininkystės institute dvejus metus tirtas biopesticidųBioNature R2000 (a.i. azadirachta indica 210 g/l, Pinus resinosa 180 g/l, Ricinus communis),Bioshower (v. m. 100 % riebiosios rūgštys) ir insekticidinio muilo (v. m. 20 % riebiosiosrūgštys) toksiškumas žaliesiems obeliniams amarams (Aphis pomi Deg.). BioNatureR2000, Bioshower ir insekticidinis muilas praėjus 3 dienoms po purškimo buvo vidutiniškaitoksiški žaliesiems obeliniams amarams, o praėjus 14 dienų – labai toksiški. BiopesticidaiBioNature R2000, Bioshower ir insekticidinis muilas yra leidžiami naudoti ekologi -niuose ūkiuose kenkėjams naikinti daugelyje šalių. Mūsų tyrimai rodo, kad šie produktaiyra efektyvūs nuo žaliųjų obelinių amarų ir gali būti naudojami ekologiškai auginant obelis.Reikšminiai žodžiai: biopesticidai, toksiškumas, žalieji obeliniai amarai.179

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