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Country report 2009

Country report 2009

1. INTRODUCTIONWAVE

1. INTRODUCTIONWAVE (Women against Violence in Europe) the European network -of women’s shelters, counseling centers andservices working in the field of prevention of violence against women and children- were founded 15 years ago.In 2009, the European Network - WAVE (Women against Violence in Europe) celebrated its 15 th anniversary. In thecourse of the 4 th United Nations World Conference on Women, held in Beijing in 1995, progress was made in theformation of the European network. In the course of the World Conference on Women, the WAVE founding group heldits constituent session.In 1995, the Beijing Platform for Action has stated the necessity of efforts on all levels to tackle violence against womenand to work on eliminating structures of inequality in society, there are still many things to be done for women in orderto enable them to enjoy their basic human rights. 15 years later, the topic of violence against women has still beena burning issue and most European countries still made efforts to meet the objectives stated in Beijing. In fact, theprevalence rates of violence against women and the estimated numbers of unreported cases are still very high.In its Country Report 2 , released in 2008, WAVE strived to provide a reality check on help services for women and theirchildren affected by violence in Europe, as well as relevant statistics and data concerning the prevalence of violenceagainst women. The data was mainly provided by WAVE’s 91 Focal Points located in 44 European countries 3 , thusreflecting an NGO perspective.1.1. Women’s Shelters in EuropeAs investigated in the WAVE Country Report 2008, there exist 2.060 women’s shelters in 42 out of 44 Europeancountries. In Latvia and in Lithuania there are no women shelters available. In 39 European countries - that provided dataconcerning the overall number of places available in their shelters - there are nearly 20.200 shelter places offered to atotal population of 560 Million people 4 who are living in these 39 countries.According to the recommendation by the European Parliament 1986 5 1 family place in a women’s shelter should beprovided per 10.000 inhabitants in every country. In applying this recommendation to the total population; it is revealedthat a total number of 56.000 shelter places for women victims of violence and their children are needed in order tofulfil this recommendation. However, there exist only 20.200 shelter places for 560 Million inhabitants of 39 Europeancountries there are still 35.800 family shelter places missing to fulfil the recommendation of European parliament.Figure 1.1 Women’s Shelters in Europe 6FR, GR, RS, ES, SE5,11 %9,2 %LU, NO, NL, MT, SI5,11 %LI, DE, UK, IS, IE, DK, ME, HR, ATBA, PT, MK, PL, CH, BE, EE, AL, FI, CY,HU, RO, SK, AZ, CZ, BG, AM, TR, IT, GE,UA, RU, BY, LV, LT26,58 %According to the above Figure 1.1 out of 39 countries; 5 European countries (11%) provide at least 1 family place per10.000 inhabitants, 9 European countries (20%) provide 1 family shelter place per 10-20.000 inhabitants, 26 countries(58%) provide less than 1 shelter place per 20.000 inhabitants and for 5 countries (11%) NGO data is not available.S 5

1.2. Women Shelters in EU Member StatesFigure 1.2 Women’s Shelters in EU Member States4,15 %DE, UK, IE, DK, AT5,19 %LU, NL, MT, SIFR, Gr, RS, ES, SE5,19 %PT, PL, BE, EE, FI, CY, HU,RO, SK, CZ, BG, IT, LV, LT13,47 %According to the Figure 1.2 out of 27 countries; 4 EU countries (15%) provide at least 1 family place per 10.000inhabitants, 5 European countries (19%) provide 1 family shelter place per 10-20.000 inhabitants, 13 countries (47%)provide less than 1 shelter place per 20.000 inhabitants and for 5 countries (11%) the NGO data is not available. Sofor Europe in total there are 17.800 shelter places for a population of 335 million inhabitants in 22 EU-countries (thepopulation was only considered for 22 countries that provided sufficient data). These figures indicate that still there are15.700 shelter places missing in the EU member states.1.3. Women’s Helplines in 44 investigated EuropeanCountries 7Figure 1.3 Women’s Helplines in 44 investigated European Countries 89,20 %12,27 %no helplinefree of charge, 24/723,53 %helpline, not fullflling all criteriaIn 23 out of 44 investigated European countries (53%) there is at least 1 national women’s helpline which provides 24 hourservice to women survivors of violence. Only in 12 out of 44 investigated European countries (27%) a national women’shelpline is available which fulfils all three quality standards of a women’s helpline: (a) 24 hour service, (b) free of charge, (c)multilingual. In 9 out of 44 investigated European countries (20%) there is no national women’s helpline at all.S 6 | Country Report on Violence against migrant and minority women - 2009

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