Download - San Juan College

sanjuancollege.edu
  • No tags were found...

Download - San Juan College

2009-2010Planning GuideBrought to you bySan Juan College’sCareer Services Departmentand the


Dear Students,San Juan College is a learning college with themission to improve the quality of life of the citizensit serves by meeting the educational andhuman needs of the entire community in concertwith community agencies, businesses, industriesand other groups. As we work on this mission weknow that we must extend our educational commitmentto you, the youth of San Juan County, aswell as to our college students.The world is changing so rapidly that it isdifficult to keep up with all the technology andadvances in our society today. There are careersavailable now that were not even thought of thirty or forty years ago. For you tocompete in this rapidly-changing society you must consider being a life-long learnerand understand the skills you learn today may be obsolete in the future. Our localbusinesses tell us that listening and oral communication, teamwork, adaptability,and competence in reading, writing and mathematics are vital to success in today’sworkplace and in the workplace of the future.The Career Planning Guide is one small way that we have of reaching out to youand assisting you with making some key decisions in your life. This easy to readguide is provided to help in planning course selection related to specific careersin the workplace of tomorrow. It is not intended to limit your choices but to helpspark your imagination and show you some of the possibilities that you may nothave considered. As you read through the guide keep in mind that there are morecareers than we could possibly write about in this small document. Research maybe necessary to find the exact fit for you.We have a challenging job ahead of us. Your job is to decide what you want to dowith your life. Our job is to help you reach your goals. Let’s work together to reachboth of these objectives.


Quotes from Community LeadersMr. Bert Levine, Retired Project Engineer,US Bureau of Reclamation Navajo Irrigation Project“Your decision on which career to pursue is probably one ofthe most important decisions you will make today. Give thiscareful analysis as it may affect the rest of your life. Changes ata later time are possible but usually complicated and so costlythat it may be difficult for you to afford them.”Ms. Gayle Dean, Executive Director Foundation,San Juan College“Think about what you ENJOY doing! Think about whatbrings you satisfaction and joy! I believe that if you chooseyour career based on those things—you will be successful.”Mr. Bill Standley, Mayor, City of Farmington“Planning for your future career truly begins with whatyou do today. Your current choice of classes, as well aspart-time jobs and extracurricular activities may play arole in finding out what you enjoy more than you think,i.e. working with children or the public or volunteering atthe hospital. Observing people you admire and their careerchoices and seeking “mentors” is readily available, if yousimply ask.”R. Shane Chance, San Juan College,Board of Trustees, Chair“As a graduate of San Juan College and now a small businessowner, I know the importance of earning a college education,which is built on strong education acquired in your high schoolyears. I encourage you to take advantage of your opportunitiesand work hard now in high school to make the best of yourfuture.”Congressman Ben Luján, Representing the 3rd District of New Mexico“It is never too early to begin to think about your career and where you want it to take you. Now is a great time to beginexploring and expanding your own interests while gaining valuable knowledge and career skills. I hope you will use theresources before you to follow your passions and use your talents to put yourself on your best path.”Ms. Evelyn Benny, Board Member, San Juan College“High school students have a great chance to go to college withoutgoing far from home and shouldn’t miss the opportunity toimprove themselves. If you need help, there are people at yourhigh school who can get you started. I particularly encourageNative American students to discover what they love to do andget an education to help make that happen.”Mr. Jeff Howle, CEO, Citizens Bank“In today’s highly competitive job market, it’simportant to make educational choices that willsupport your ultimate career goals. In additionto your academic endeavors, it’s important toexpose yourself to a variety of life experiences.This is easily done through community serviceactivities that can help you to determine whatwill be rewarding for you. There is no shortageof learning opportunities available to you bothacademically and with community service asyou develop your career and life plans.”Ms. Eva Stokely, Board Member,San Juan College“I have been involved with students from Kindergartento the high school level, as well as college students as aboard member at San Juan College. As an educator andadministrator, I have seen students succeed, so I know itcan be done. I encourage you to continue in whateverfield or vocation you choose, to pursue an educationand be successful.”Ms. Marjorie Black, Vice President, Black Oil“No matter what career you plan to enter, your college degree orcompletion certificate is the key that will open many doors foryou. Your education can never be taken away from you and youwill find that the more education you complete, the more successin life you will have. You may not have decided on your career,but as you go through your certificate or degree program,your goal will become more clear. If you achieve a wellbalancededucation and complete a specific career program, youwill be well prepared for a bright future. Whatever you decide todo, do the very best you can and you will succeed.”1


Table of ContentsA Letter from the PresidentQuotes from Community Leaders 1Table of Contents 2The Wonderful World of Careers 3Picking a Career Cluster 4The Department of Education’s16 Career Clusters 4-5Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesFarming and Ranching 6Forestry 7Veterinary Support 8Architecture & ConstructionCarpentry 9Computer-Aided Design ~ Drafting 10Landscape Architecture 11Arts, A/V Technology & CommunicationsGraphic Arts 12Music 13Theater 14Business, Management & AdministrationBusiness Management 15Human Resources 16Administrative Assistance 17Education & TrainingCounseling, High School 18Pre-school, Owners and Directors 19Teaching, Junior High or Middle School 20FinanceAccounting 21Financial Planning and Analysis 22Insurance 23Government & Public AdministrationEconomics 24Politics ~ Legislators 25Tribal Governance 26Health ScienceDental Hygiene 27Health Information Technology 28Medical Insurance Coding 29Medical Laboratory Technology 30Medical Transcriptionist 31Nursing 32iHealth Sciences (continued)Physical Therapist Assistance 33Registered Respiratory Therapy 34Surgical Technology 35Hospitality & TourismHotel Management 36Meeting and Convention Planning 37Outdoor Leadership and Recreation 38Human ServicesCosmetology 39Counseling ~ Substance Abuse 40Psychology 41Information TechnologyComputer Network Administration 42Computer Programming 43Web Site Management and Design 44Law, Public Safety & SecurityFirefighting 45Law Enforcement 46Legal Assistance 47Safety 48ManufacturingIndustrial Procession Operations 49Instrumentation & Process Controls 50TechnologyMachine Technology 51Welding 52Marketing, Sales & ServiceMarketing 53Real Estate 54Sales 55Science, Technology, Engineering, & MathematicsEngineering 56Geology 57Natural Gas Compression 58Petroleum Lease Operations 59Renewable Energy 60Transportation, Distribution & LogisticsAuto Body 61Automotive Technology 62Aviation 63Diesel Technology 64Truck Driving 65How the Department of Education’s 16 Clustersfit into New Mexico’s 7 Back Cover2


The Wonderful World of CareersAll of your life you have been asked,“What do you want to be when you growup?” Well, guess what? You are just afew short years away from stepping outinto the work world. People are probablystill asking you that question. If you areconfused, that’s okay. This booklet mayjust help you find your career direction.Why read this book?There are a variety of careers in thisbook that may sound exciting to you.Read the descriptions and the list ofqualities necessary. If any of them are agood match for you, then you can beginpreparation by talking about high schoolclasses with your counselor. In additionto classes, this book provides you with alist of related activities that may helpprepare you for your future career.If none of the careers in this bookseem right to you, look at the relatedoccupations for additional ideas. Talk toa trusted adult about what you enjoy andyour dreams to see if they can recommenda career not included here. There isnot enough room in this guide to list allof the careers available. Internet researchmay be necessary to find your careermatch. Keep an open mind, there aremany wonderful opportunities just waitingto be discovered and new careers arebeing created every day.What’s right for me?To know that, you must understandyour own interests and abilities. Whatclasses and extracurricular activities doyou enjoy the most? What do you dowith your free time? Can any of theseinterests be turned into a career?The more information you have aboutyourself the better decision you canmake. There are assessment tools availablethat can match your talents and abilitieswith possible careers. Ask yourschool counselor about these.How can I gather more information? Talk to every adult you know. Fromfriends and family, to your school counselor;these people have knowledge thatmay help you decide. If they can’t answeryour questions, they may knowsomeone who can. Your library and counseling office mayhave career materials and computersoftware that may also help you. Don’t forget about the Internet. thisresearch tool grows daily with newinformation about different careers. Look for free or inexpensive careerinformation from a local professionalorganization or a trade association.Am I too young to start now?No, there are many things you can do: Get a part-time job or volunteer. Get involved by joining a club that isrelated to your career. Go to career information fairs and talkto the adults that know about the careersin your area of interest. Find out what’s involved in a job witha "Job Shadowing" experience. Read about your career in books,magazines, and publications.What do I do after high school?What you do will depend on the careeryou want. Most careers areas havedifferent jobs that require different levelsof education and training. How highyou want to go in a career area will tellyou how much education you need.For instance, if you are interested in ateaching career, San Juan College has aone year certificate that when completedprovides you with the skills to work as ateaching assistant, child care provider orfamily day care provider. The creditsearned for this certificate transfers to atwo year Early Childhood Educationassociate of arts (AA) degree that preparesyou to open your own pre-school.The AA degree can transfer to a fouryearuniversity leading to a bachelor’s ineducation that would enable you to teachkindergarten through third grade. Manyeducators go on for their master’s degreeand become administrators in theirschool district.By talking to educators and peopledoing the job you are interested in, youwill have an understanding of what ittakes for that job and where to go afterhigh school.Do I need to go to a four year college?Most careers have a variety of educationaloptions. Some of them are: Apprenticeships Community Colleges Four-year Colleges and Universities Military ServiceIf you decide to go to a four-year collegeor university, you may begin your educationat a community college. San Juan Collegeoffers many degree programs designedto transfer to four-year institutions. Youcan attend San Juan College for two years,earn an associate's degree, and then transferto a four-year institution where you cancomplete the necessary coursework foryour bachelor's degree. Going to a communitycollege first could save you thousandsof dollars. With planning assistance fromthe advising and counseling staff, you caneasily move from San Juan to a four-yearcollege or university. General educationclasses taken at San Juan College areguaranteed to transfer to any accreditedtwo-year or four-year institution in NewMexico.What’s an apprenticeship program?Apprenticeship programs provide handsonwork experience along with classroomtraining in a particular trade. Companiessponsor the trainee. The company pays asalary throughout the training program.Contracts are used to bind both the companyand trainee to certain requirements.The length of an apprenticeship programvaries from months to years. The averageapprenticeship takes four years to complete.For further information contact:New Mexico Department ofLabor, Apprenticeship Council501 Mountain Road NEAlbuquerque, NM 87102(505) - 841-8990How can the military help me?The Military and reserve units providetraining opportunities for high schoolgraduates. Entrance is based on an aptitudetest score as well as a physical examination.For more information go to:Army: www.goarmy.comNavy: www.navyjobs.comAir Force: www.af.mil/careers/Marines: www.marines.comCoast Guard: www.uscg.mil.comAir National Guard: www.ang.af.milArmy National Guard:www.1800goguard.com3


Picking a Career ClusterThere are thousands of careers in our society. A career cluster is nothing more than a way of organizing careersinto manageable, related groups. Usually people employed in a cluster have common interests and strengths.This book groups careers into the 16 career clusters that are recommended by the Federal Department of Education. In someinstances a career may logically fit into more than one cluster.Rather than being overwhelmed by all of the possibilities available to you, picking a career cluster can help you to focus on thecareers that you may enjoy. There’s a large variety within each cluster, so you will not be limited in career options. Picking acluster may help you to select courses, activities, and employment that will tell you if this is the career for you.Picking a career cluster does not mean that you can not change your mind. As you mature you will have many new experiencesthat may help you to more fully understand your interests and abilities. When that happens, if necessary, you can always chooseanother career that may fall into a different career cluster. If so, talk to your school counselor about different opportunities andfeel free to adjust your education and career related activities.The Department of Education’s 16 Career ClustersAgriculture, Food & NaturalResourcesCareers in this cluster mightappeal to people who enjoy nature,are curious about the physicalworld, and are interested inplants and animals.Occupations may include plantscientists, zoologists, animalbreeders, landscapers, farmers,ranchers, foresters, dietitians,biologists, agriculturists, biochemists,and veterinarians.Architecture & ConstructionThis clusters careers mostly appealsto those who enjoy workingwith their hands, are mechanicallyinclined, and are curiousabout how things work.Occupations may include stuccomasons, landscape and buildingarchitects, carpenters, painters,brick masons, roofers, drafters,electricians, glaziers, plumbers,and surveyors.Arts, A/V Technology &CommunicationsCareers in this cluster generallyappeal to people who are creative,like to communicate ideas,and have good imaginations.Occupations may include filmmakers, video editors, desktoppublishers, graphic designers,makeup artists, photographers,fashion designers, actors, printers,interior designers, producers,and animators.Business, Management &AdministrationCareers in this cluster usuallyappeal to those who enjoy leadingand organizing people, planningactivities and carrying ideasthrough to see the final result.Occupations may include linesupervisors, human resourcemanagers, business managers,administrative assistants,executive secretaries, and chiefexecutives.Education & TrainingCareers in this cluster generallyappeal to people who like tohelp others, are friendly, enjoyworking with people to solveproblems, are outgoing andwant to make a difference.Occupations may include childcare workers, coaches, socialworkers, counselors, trainers,school psychologists, educatorsat all levels, speech pathologists,and fitness trainers.FinanceCareers in this cluster usually appealto those who enjoy workingwith numbers, are extremely accurateand like to pay attention todetail with precise and orderly useof data.Occupations may include loanofficers, accountants, tellers, financialanalysts, actuaries, mathematicians,financial planners,auditors, insurance agents, financialadvisors, and brokers.Government & Public AdministrationCareers in this cluster appeal to people who enjoy designing programs for the benefit of many, like politics andlistening to the news, and want to make a difference.Occupations may include tax examiners, politicians, economists, analysts, motor vehicle inspectors, regionalplanners, legislators, welfare workers, and municipal clerks.4


The Department of Education’s 16 Career Clusters (continued)Health ScienceCareers in this cluster generallyappeal to those who like tocare for people and animals orhelp them stay well, are interestedin diseases and how thebody works.Occupations might includenurses, biomedical engineers,dental assistants, researchers,anesthesiologists, paramedics,medical assistants, medicaltranscriptionists, doctors, andphysical therapists.Hospitality & TourismCareers in this cluster usuallyappeal to people who like to seepeople having fun, are outgoing,and like to take care of others.Occupations may include chefs,lodging managers, travelguides, concierges, waitresses,convention planners, janitors,travel agents, interpreters, raftingguides, cleaners, museumconservators, and recreationworkers.Human ServicesCareers in this cluster mostlyappeal to those who arefriendly, outgoing, cooperativeand understanding; and like tohelp people find solutions toproblems.Occupations may include homecare aides; therapists; psychologists;cosmetologists; counselors;embalmers; child, family,medical and public health socialworkers; clergy; and counselors.Information TechnologyCareers in this cluster generallyappeal to people who enjoycollecting and analyzinginformation, order data in alogical manner, understandand enjoy computer and liketechnical solutions.Occupations might includeweb masters, administrators,software designers, securityspecialists, network analysts,database programmers, andcomputer repairers.Law, Public Safety & SecurityCareers in this cluster usuallyappeal to those who like to research,write, and help to secureand protect rights.Occupations may include legalassistants, judges, securityguards, fire fighters, bailiffs,lawyers, policemen, detectives,forensic science technicians,substance abuse counselors, policedispatchers, and the armedforces.ManufacturingCareers in this cluster mostlyappeal to people who enjoyworking with tools, machinery, avariety of different types of materials,and like to see a finishedproduct.Occupations may include modelmakers; engineers; welders; tooland die makers; instrumentationtechnicians; mechanical drafters;electronics and electrical installersand repairers.Marketing, Sales & ServiceCareers in this cluster generallyappeal to those who areoutgoing, friendly, and enjoypersuading people.Occupations may include salesrepresentatives; real estateagents; advertising, marketing,and promotions managers;models; package handlers;merchandise displayers; publicrelations specialists; marketresearch analysts and wholesalers.Science, Technology, Engineering,& MathematicsCareers in this cluster usuallyappeal to people who enjoy analyzinga problem, making newdiscoveries, and doing research.Occupations may include chemists,general engineers, scientists,miners, industrial engineers,biologists, mapping technicians,geologists, archeologists,petroleum engineers,physicists, and astronomers.Transportation, Distribution& LogisticsCareers in this cluster mostlyappeal to those who like toplan, manage and transportpeople and goods.Occupations may include airtraffic controllers; cargo andfreight agents; airline and shippilots; marine cargo inspectors,truck drivers; automotivebody repairers and technicians;transportation managers anddispatchers.To see how the Department of Education’s 16 career clusters fit into New Mexico’s 7; go to the back cover of this booklet.5


Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesCareer ClusterDo you like working with plants and/or animals?Are you a problem solving person?Do you enjoy working with your hands?This may be the career cluster for you.A career inFarming and RanchingFarmers and ranchers manage a variety of operations in theirbusiness. Mainly these businesses are family owned but theycould be leased or rented. Managers take care of the details asthey relate to their farm, ranch, greenhouse, nursery, timber tractor other agricultural production business. They may producecrops, livestock, poultry, finfish, shellfish and/or unique farm animals.Farming managers plant, cultivate, harvest, and markettheir crops and livestock. Like many other businesses, these organizationshave become more complex in recent years so theyhire, train, and supervise farm workers or they may supervisefarm labor contractors. In addition to maintaining and operatingmachinery and performing the physical work necessary for runningtheir business, farmers and ranchers use computers to createrecords on their costs, production and a multitude of other operations.This career is for you if you:enjoy working with plants and/or animalsunderstand animal behaviorhave the ability to train and delegate jobs to othersare tolerant of unpleasant odors and noisy animalsare not adverse to doing physically strenuous workcan accept the possibility of being bitten or kicked by an animalare comfortable with working long hours as well as weekends, evenings,and holidaysSuggested High School Classes*AccountingAlgebra, GeometryBiology, Genetics, Plant ScienceBusiness/MarketingComputersEconomicsEquine Science, Animal ScienceGeologyIntro to Agriculture, AgriScience*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesJoin a 4-H youth educational program orFuture Farmers of America (FFA)Grow your own gardenVolunteer at a local farmGet a part-time job at a nursery, fishhatchery or orchardRead the Farmers Almanac along withranch and farm journalsPost-High School EducationCommunity CollegesFour year College or UniversityRelated OccupationsAgricultural EngineerAgricultural ScientistAgricultural WorkerAnimal TrainerArtificial Breeding TechnicianFarm Product BuyerFood ScientistPurchasing Agent6


A career inForestryForesters manage forested lands for economic, recreation andconservation purposes. They do this partly through establishingshort–term and long-term plans that manage the forest lands andresources. Foresters may be involved in choosing and preparingsites for new trees, controlled burns, forestry projects, forest harvestingcontract negotiations and analyzing forest conditions fortree growth and disease prevention. Since foresters have a lot todo with conservation, they spend a lot of time studying wildlifehabitats, creek beds, water quality, soil stability and how to bestcomply with environmental regulations. Though foresters spendsome time in an office, the majority of their time is out doingfield work. Many foresters specialize in one or more areas suchas: wildlife management, urban forestry, pest management, nativespecies or forest economics.This career could be for you if you:enjoy working with plants and treeslike being outdoors in all types of weatherhave the ability to communicate with a wide variety ofpeople from both inside and outside of the organizationcan supervise the activities of otherscan use scientific rules and methods to solve problemsare an active listenercan work alone without a lot of supervisionhave a strong sense of responsibilitySuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBiology, Environmental Science,Horticulture, Plant Science, ChemistryCommunicationsForestry and Wildlife ScienceGeology*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesJoin a 4-H youth educational programand the Audubon SocietyHelp your family take care of your owntrees and bushesRead environmental magazinesGet a part-time job at a nursery or anorchardPost-High School Education**Community CollegesFour year College or University**A minimum of a bachelor’s degree isrequired for this type of work. To specializein one or more areas a Master’s orPhD will probably be necessary.Related OccupationsBiologistEnvironmental ScientistFish and Game WardenHorticultural SupervisorHorticulturalistLaboratory TechnologistLandscape ArchitectNursery ManagerPark NaturalistRange ManagerSoil ConservationistTree Farmer7


A career inVeterinary SupportVeterinary technicians (vet techs) perform medical duties fora veterinarian that are similar to what a nurse would do for adoctor. Their main focus is to promote animal health by helpingthe veterinarians with surgery, radiography, routine laboratoryand clinical procedures that diagnose medical conditionsand diseases in animals. Vet techs observe animals aftersurgery and might contact the veterinarian if anything seemsunusual in their recovery. In addition to working with animals,they may be asked to sterilize equipment, answer phones,work the reception desk, order supplies, do laundry and performgeneral office and conference room cleaning. Vet techscan work to educate owners in pet care. Experienced vet techsmay be responsible for training new personnel in the clinic. Avet tech may work directly with a veterinarian in their privatepractice or may be employed in a zoo, in research laboratoriesor even in a veterinary supply company.This career could be for you if you:understand animal behaviorare alert, patient, and thoroughcan pay attention to and chart detailsenjoy working with and helping animalscan communicate to a variety of pet ownerscan accept the death of an animal when necessaryare tolerant of unpleasant odors and noisy animalsare not adverse to doing physically strenuous workcan remain calm even during difficult circumstancescan accept the possibility of being bitten or kickedby an animalSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBiology, Chemistry, Genetics, Anatomy,PhysiologyCommunicationsTechnical Writing*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesVolunteer at an animal shelterMentor at an animal hospitalDo pet sitting or dog walkingWork part-time at a pet obedienceschool, a grooming facility, a petshop or at a kennelJoin a 4-H youth educational program orFuture Farmers of America (FFA)Raise, breed, train, and show animalsRead publications about animalsPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeVeterinary Technology (A.A.S. Degreeand Certificate Programs)Community CollegesFour year College or UniversityMilitaryRelated OccupationsArtificial Breeding TechnicianAnimal EcologistAnimal TrainerKennel OwnerLaboratory Animal CaretakerLaboratory TechnicianPet Shop SalespersonZookeeperZoologist8


Architecture & ConstructionCareer ClusterDo you like reading blueprints and drawing building structures?Are you curious about how things are put together?Do you enjoy working with your hands?This may be the career cluster for you.A career inCarpentryCarpenters work with wood and different materials to constructand repair buildings, fixtures, highways, bridges, docks andboats. They do this through cutting, fitting, and assembling thematerials accurately in accordance with blueprints, shop drawings,and specific dimensions of a design. Carpenters use a varietyof hand and power tools as well as equipment in theirwork. Part of the work can be done on the ground but much ofthe work is done on scaffolding or on upper levels of a project.Carpenters may be multifaceted doing all types of general constructionor they may specialize in one area such as framing orbuilding bridges. Carpenters may take direction from others ormove to a position of crew supervisor or job superintendent.Carpenters that go into business for themselves need to knowmore than just how to build. They also need to be businessmanagers and understand cost estimating, billing, materialstrengths and weaknesses, and how to find and work with customers.If they hire employees they will also need to understandhuman resource rules and regulations as well as tax laws.You may be interested in this career if you:enjoy working with your hands and using a variety of toolscan read and follow blueprints and directionshave good manual dexterity, hand eye coordination, physicallyfit, a sense of balance; and are a good judge of depth and distanceare detail-oriented and do highly accurate workare able to solve math problems quickly and accuratelyare able to work as part of a teamcan assume responsibility and follow a job through to completioncan adhere to strict safety guidelines to avoid accidents or injuryare willing to work outdoors in all kinds of weathercan accept irregular employmentSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, GeometryBuilding Trades (HS TEC Program—CARP 001, 002, ,003, and 004)**CommunicationsDrafting, Computer-Aided Design (CAD)Physical ScienceWoods*Where available, check with school counselor** High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school andcollege credit once the semester is successfullycompleted.Related ActivitiesBuild sets for school or community theaterproductionsJoin a woodworking clubDo small home repairsWork part-time in construction or at alumber yardVolunteer for Habitat for Humanity or forMake a Difference DayRead Carpentry books and magazinesPost-High School EducationApprenticeship ProgramSan Juan CollegeCarpentry (A.A.S. Degree and 1-yearCertificate Program)MilitaryRelated OccupationsBuilding InspectorCabinet MakerConstruction LaborerConstruction ManagerDrywall InstallerElectricianFurniture MakerGeneral ContractorHandymanHome RemodelerLumber Yard ManagerPlumberPipefitterStucco Mason9


A career inComputer-Aided Design ~ DraftingComputer-aided design and drafting (CADD) technicians usecomputers to create drawings that are eventually turned into blueprints.The advantage of having the drawings on a computer is thatit is easy for technicians to change the size of a design, duplicate itand make revisions. Some CADD software programs also allowfor drawings to be viewed from all sides in a three dimensionalform instead of a flat two dimensional picture. CADD techniciansusually work for an architect or engineer. Their boss will createthe larger concept of the building, structure or machinery to becreated and the technician fills in the details. The drawings mustinclude exact dimensions, the materials to be used, and the proceduresto be followed so that when they are turned into a blueprintthe builders have all the details necessary for an accurate construction.CADD technicians can specialize in drawings of buildingsand other structures as well as highways, or machinery. CADDtechnicians spend the majority of their day in front of a computer.You may be interested in this career if you:are creative, but also detail-oriented and organizedenjoy working on a computer terminal for long periods of timecan mentally visualize objects in three dimensionshave solid basic math, communication and logic skillsare self-motivated and able to assume responsibility and followa job through to completionwork well under deadline pressurehave good hand eye coordinationare able to adapt to new ideas and an ever-changing technologyare willing to periodically go back to school to learn new softwarepackages and technologyRelated OccupationsArchitectArchitectural DrafterCartographerCircuit Board DesignerCommercial DesignerEngineer TechnicianLandscape ArchitectScience TechnicianSurveyorTechnical IllustratorSuggested High School Classes*Art/Cad/Animation(HS TEC Program:ARTS 010, 012, 062, 065 andDRFT 015, 016)**Algebra, GeometryCommunicationsComputersDrafting, Computer Assisted Drafting (CAD)Physical Science*Where available, check with school counselor** High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school and college creditonce the semester is successfully completed.Related ActivitiesMake scale models of buildings, towns,planes, cars, boats, or trainsBecome proficient in CADD softwareWork part-time for a government or privatedesign companyDesign your dream house or carPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeDrafting—Civil (A.A.S. Degree)Drafting—Mechanical (A.A.S. Degree)Engineering (A.S. Degree Program)General Drafting (Certificate Program)Object Oriented Computer Programming(Certificate Program)Web Programming (Certificate Program)MilitaryPrivate Business and Vocational Schools10


A career inLandscape ArchitectureLandscape architects do the majority of their work in an officeas they plan and design attractive residential areas, public parks,playgrounds, college campuses, industrial parks, shopping centers,golf courses, parkways and any other outdoor area containingplants of some sort. Landscape architects must consider thenature of the plants used, purpose of the project area, and thefunds available when making plans for a site. They analyze theelements of the site such as the climate, soil, and drainage.They must also take into account the effect of their design onthe surrounding vegetation, walkways, roads, buildings, andutilities on the property. Not only does a landscape architecthave meetings with their clients, they must also consult withother professionals such as engineers, hydrologist or architectswho are also involved in the overall project. About one fourth ofall landscape architects are self-employed and must always beon the look out for the next design job.This career could be for you if you:enjoy working on a computer for long periods of timecan mentally visualize objects in three dimensionsare creativeenjoy reading about flowers and plantsare detail-oriented and organizedare able to adapt to new ideas and an ever-changing technologyare self-motivated and able to assume responsibility and follow ajob through to completionwork well under deadline pressurehave good communication skills with the ability to talk to peoplewith various levels of educational backgroundsRelated OccupationsArchitectCivil EngineerCartographerEnvironmental ScientistFloristHorticulturistPhotogrammetristsSurveying TechnicianSurveyorSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBiologyCommunicationsComputersDrafting, Computer Aided Design (CADD)Graphic ArtsHorticultureLandscaping & Technical SkillsPhysical Science*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesWork with your family on your own yardand flower gardenBecome proficient in design softwareWork part-time for a nursery, landscaper orfloristDesign your own dream yard based on thedifferent climates of the U.S.Join a horticulture club, a 4-H youth educationalprogram, or a Youth ConservationCorpsPost-High School Education*San Juan CollegeHorticulture in a Xeric Environment(A.A.S. Degree andCertificate Program)Four year College or University*A minimum of a bachelor’s degree is lookedfor if you are not going to be self-employed.11


Arts, A/V Technology & CommunicationsCareer ClusterAre you a creative thinker?Do you like to communicate ideas?Are you imaginative, innovative, and original?This may be the career cluster for you.A career inGraphic ArtsGraphic artists use their artistic ability and various software packagesto create visual materials to the specifications of their clients.Their work may be used to advertise a product or servicethrough fliers and brochures, as the packaging for an item beingsold, in logos or even on television as a caption for an advertisement.Designs may be two or three dimensional. They may standalone or be combined with descriptions, illustrations or photographs.The majority of graphic artists are employed in larger cities,however, some positions can be found in smaller communities.Graphic artists can be self-employed and work on a consignmentbasis or they can work for publishers, advertising agencies,print shops, the government, and various types of large and smallbusinesses. Web design, video, computer animation and clip artare also areas where graphic artists are using their talent.This career may be of interest to you if you: are artistically talented are creative and imaginative can communicate ideas visually are open to new ideas and influences are self-disciplined are able to work independently work well under deadline pressure can accept having your designs rejected have normal color visionRelated OccupationsCADD DrafterDesktop PublisherFurniture DesignerSet DesignerInterior DesignerMuseum Exhibit DesignerPackage DesignerPhotographerWebpage Designer12Suggested High School Classes*Algebra and GeometryArt/Cad/Animation(HS TEC Program:ARTS 010, 012, 062, 065 andDRFT 015, 016)**Art, Advanced Art, Visual ArtsBusinessCommunicationsComputersDraftingGraphic Design* Where available, check with school counselor** High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school andcollege credit once the semester is successfullycompleted.Related ActivitiesDo layout work for your school orchurch newspaper, literary magazine, oryearbookDesign programs for school orcommunity theatre productions orspecial eventsDevelop a portfolio of your best artworkWork part-time with a printerBecome proficient in using drawing,photography, and page designcomputer softwareDesign a family websitePost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeCreative Arts and Technologies(A.A.S Degree and Certificate Programs)Digital Media Arts and Design(A.A.S. Degree)Master CIW Designer(Certificate Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Business & Vocational Schools


A career inMusicMusicians play an instrument solo or as part of a group. Theycan play before a live audience at concerts, in a night club or atheater. They can record their music in a studio. Being a musicianrequires a lot of practice alone and if they are a part of agroup then, with other musicians and or singers. Most musicianscan play more than one instrument, usually one that is related totheir main preference. Musicians who play before an audienceneed to be willing to perform outside of the typical 9 to 5 workperiod, with nights and weekends being their usual performancetime. Most musicians work part-time and may tour or travel todifferent cities to get work. Some musicians that work for anorchestra or a television or film company may enjoy more fulltime steady work and will have less travel. Due to the part-timenature of this industry, many musicians have non-musician jobsto supplement their income.This may be a career for you if you: are talented in one or more instruments will practice even when you don’t want to and are willingto learn new pieces of music on a continuous basis are resourceful, patience, and confident can handle rejection are not afraid to perform before an audience can read music enjoy working evenings and weekends love to travel can accept irregular employment and don’t mind workingoutside of the music arena for supplemental incomeSuggested High School Classes*BandChoirMusic Theory and HistoryCommunications*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesAttend professional concertsJoin school bandListen to a wide variety of musicPerform in school or community theatreproductionsStart your own band or singing groupTake music or voice lessonsVolunteer to perform at your local nursinghomes and retirement centersWork part-time at a music store or witha community theatrePost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeMusic (A. A. Degree Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryRelated OccupationsComposerConductorDisc JockeyMusic CriticMusic Shop OwnerMusic TeacherMusic TherapistRadio AnnouncerRepairer and TunerSound Technician13


A career inTheaterThere are many different professions in the realm of the theater,this page focuses on actors, producers and directors. There isconstant pressure in this field and on this group. To succeedthey need patience and commitment to their craft. This groupinterprets a writer’s script to entertain an audience. Actors playparts on stage by interpreting the role for the audience throughtheir speech, gestures and body movement. They may sing and/or dance as a part of that interpretation. Actors may endure longperiods of unemployment and usually supplement their incomesby holding jobs in other fields. Producers oversee the businessand financial end of a production. They select the script, arrangefinancing and determine the size and cost of the endeavor. Producershire or approve the selection of the director and key castmembers. Directors are responsible for the creative decisionsof a production. They interpret the script, give the final okay onsets and costumes, and audition and select the cast members.Acting may be for you if you: have acting talent, are versatile and creative are self-disciplined and committed to lifelong practice and study have patience and commitment to the theater can perform before an audience with poise and self-confidence like working evenings and weekends and traveling frequently can accept irregular employment and rejections when auditioning enjoy working in different settings can work under pressure and stress don’t mind having another job to supplement your incomeProducing could be for you if you: can work with financial backers as well as actors and directors enjoy paying bills and keeping track of finances have patience and commitment to the theater have the ability to manage peopleDirecting might be for you if you: can make decisions are able to direct temperamental people have patience and commitment to the theater enjoy paying attention to detailSuggested High School Classes*Accounting (Producer)Acting, Dance, Singing, BandAlgebra, GeometryCommunicationsDrama, StagecraftForeign LanguageTheater*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesTake acting, dancing, music and/or voicelessonsGo to a wide variety of playsWork part-time in a community theatrePerform in your school’s or community’stheatre productionsVolunteer to be an assistant director foryour school playPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeTheatre (A. A. Degree)Technical Theatre (A.A.S Degree)Four-year Colleges or Universities14Related OccupationsAnnouncerMusicianChoreographer Set DesignerCostume Designer SingerDancerTelevision ActorMakeup Artist Writer


Business, Management & AdministrationCareer ClusterDo you enjoy being a leader, organizing and talking to people?Do you like working with numbers and/or ideas?Do you enjoy planning activities for others?This career cluster might be for you.A career inBusiness ManagementManagers are found in virtually every sector of the economy.They coordinate and direct support services to organizations asdiverse as finance companies, manufacturers and government offices.These managers oversee workers that allow the organizationto operate efficiently. Specific duties for managers vary bydegree of responsibility and authority. First line managers directlysupervise staff. Mid-level managers set goals and deadlinesas well as develop departmental plans. Upper-level managersset company policies and devise strategies to accomplish thecompanies goals. Top managers need to surround themselveswith good people so they can feel comfortable delegating responsibilities,including the authority to make decisions for severaldepartments. In small organizations one manager may overseeall of the staff. Larger organizations have several levels of managersto run the organization.This career could be for you if you: are detail-oriented, flexible, and decisive have good communication skills have the ability to analyze a problem can accept working over 40 hours in a week without additional pay are self-disciplined and committed to lifelong learning can recognize the different abilities of those working with you enjoy working on a variety of projects at one timeRelated OccupationsAdvertising ManagerCost EstimatorEducation AdministratorFinancial ManagerFood Service ManagerPurchasing AgentReal Estate ManagerSales ManagerSuggested High School Classes*AccountingAlgebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBusiness and Consumer MathBusiness LawCommunicationsComputersEconomicsForeign Language*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesBe an officer for a school clubRun for class presidentPlan, organize, and conduct a fund-raisingcampaignWork part-time in an office or become aBusiness Department AideOpen a checking and savings accountRead business publicationsWatch business-related television showsPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeBusiness Administration (A.A. and A.A.SDegrees)Business Foundations I & II; Entrepreneurship;Management; Marketing(Individual Certificate Programs)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitary15


A career inHuman ResourcesHuman Resources (HR) Managers plan, direct and coordinate theHR activities of an organization. They are involved in recruitment,compensation, personnel policies, making sure that theircompany is in compliance with government regulations and, morerecently, some are responsible for boosting employee morale. Inlarge organizations there are a substantial number of HR managersand HR technicians. There may even be several departments,each specializing in one HR activity. Smaller companies mayhave only one HR generalist that handles all aspects of HR work.A generalist must have a vast array of knowledge and their levelof responsibility can vary widely depending on their employer’sneeds. Most entry level management positions require a humanresources bachelor’s or master’s degree. However, since an interdisciplinarybackground is also appropriate, employers may bewilling to look at other degrees as well. Occasionally, regular entry-leveloffice workers or HR technicians will gain enoughknowledge to progress into management.This career is possibly for you, if you: are detail-oriented can speak and write effectively have the ability to analyze a problem enjoy talking to people from various cultural backgroundsand levels of education are able to appreciate people who have a different opinionthan your own are discrete, fair-minded and have a high degree of integritySuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBusiness, Business MathCommunicationsComputersForeign LanguageEconomics, Civics, GovernmentPsychology, Sociology, Social Science*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesBe a secretary for a school clubWork part-time in an officeRead psychology magazinesWrite letters to family and friendsPost-High School EducationCommunity CollegesFour-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Business & Vocational SchoolsRelated OccupationsCounselorEducation AdministratorLawyerPsychologistPublic Relations SpecialistSocial Service AssistantSocial Worker16


A career inAdministrative AssistanceThough offices have managers, it is the staff in the form of anadministrative assistant that is relied on to do the bulk of thetechnical and detailed work in the office. As technology expands,the role of these office professionals are evolving into somethingthat is closer to that of a manager’s assistant than of a traditionalsecretary. Responsibilities once reserved for managers and professionalstaff are now being assumed by administrative assistants.They may provide training and orientation for new staff,conduct research on the Internet, and operate and troubleshootnew office technologies. In addition to these new roles, administrativeassistants still perform and coordinate the “old time” office’sadministrative activities such as keeping track of informationfor staff and clients, light bookkeeping, planning and schedulingmeetings, organizing and maintaining paper and electronicfiles, managing projects, conducting research and disseminatinginformation by using the telephone, mail services, Web sites, ande-mail. They may also handle travel and guest arrangement.Administrative assistants are a critical part of a manager’s team.This career may interest you if you: are detail-oriented, organized and have a good memory like being on the computer for most of the day have good communication skills, both orally and written have the ability to juggle many projects at once enjoy and work well as a part of a team are discrete and have a high degree of integrity have good customer service skills are willing to learn new office technologies and computersoftwareRelated OccupationsAccounting ClerkBookkeeperComputer OperatorData Entry WorkerHuman Resource AssistantInformation ClerkLegal AssistantMedical AssistantOffice ManagerParalegalSuggested High School Classes*AccountingAlgebra, GeometryCommunicationsComputersForeign LanguageKeyboardingPsychology, SociologySocial Science*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesBe a secretary for a school clubWork part-time in an officeLearn the Microsoft Office package andother office related softwareUse the Internet and learn how to doresearch on different search enginesPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeAdministrative Office Assistant Program(Certificate Program)AccountingBookkeepingPayroll Accounting(Certificate Programs)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryPrivate Business and VocationalSchools17


Education & TrainingCareer ClusterAre you patient, friendly, open and understanding?Do you like working with and helping people?Is it important for you to make a difference in the world?This career cluster might be for you.A career inCounseling—High SchoolCounselors assist many types of people with a multitude ofneeds. The individuals they serve and the settings in whichthey work determine their duties. School counselors help studentsevaluate their abilities, interests, talents and personalitycharacteristics to develop academic and career goals. Counselorsuse interviews, meetings, tests, or other evaluation methodsduring their evaluation and advisement of students. Highschool counselors advise students both on college majors andcareer choices. They give advice to students on college applicationprocedures and they help with developing their job andcareer search skills. School counselors at all levels help studentsto understand their personal problems. They work on preventiveand developmental counseling to give students the lifeskills necessary to deal with problems before they occur. Somehigh school counselors provide services to their school such asalcohol and drug prevention programs and classes that teachconflict management and non-violence. Counselors may alsoget involved in domestic abuse and other family problems thataffect a student’s development. Counselors can work with parents,teachers, school administrators, school psychologists,school nurses, and social workers.This career may be for you if you: enjoy helping people resolve their personal problems have great communication and listening skills are easy to talk to and compassionate can see many solutions to a single problem have the ability to deal with difficult situations have a high degree of integrity and are able to keepconfidentialitySuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBiologyCommunicationsComputersForeign LanguagePsychology, Social Science, Sociology*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesRead psychology magazinesVolunteer to work for a peer crisis hotlineWork part-time in a doctor’s or psychologist’sofficePost-High School Education**San Juan CollegeLiberal Arts with a concentration in:Sociology (A.A Degree)Psychology (A.A. Degree)Teacher Education (A.A. Degree)Four-year Colleges or Universities**Most high schools outside of New Mexicowill expect their job applicants to have atleast a bachelor’s degree in education aswell as a certification in counselingRelated OccupationsClergyEmployee Development SpecialistHigh School TeacherOccupational TherapistPersonnel ManagerSocial Worker18


A career inPre-school—Owners and DirectorsA child’s brain goes through an extraordinary amount ofdevelopment during the first five years of life. During thisperiod of growth the groundwork for a lifelong identity andthe basis for future learning is built. Early childhood educationand the pre-school teachers assist parents in buildingthis foundation. The knowledge and skills of a pre-schoolowner or director have a profound impact on the quality ofprogram services provided. Owners and directors are responsiblefor planning, directing, and coordinating the academicand nonacademic activities of pre-school and childcarecenters. They perform the functions of an office managerby enrolling new students, providing parent interviews,establishing and maintaining the budgets for each program,collecting tuition, and are usually responsible for the financialrecord-keeping of the center. The owners and directorsalso determine the center’s philosophies, principles andgoals, create handbooks for their staff and do evaluations ofpersonnel. They may also need to teach a class during ateacher’s absence.This career could be for you if you: love working with children have great communication skills and can work with all ages enjoy an office environment can be detail-oriented, flexible, and decisive can work on several projects at the same time are organized can direct the work of othersSuggested High School Classes*AccountingAlgebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBusiness LawChild DevelopmentCommunicationsComputersForeign LanguagePsychology*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesRead business and childcare publicationsVolunteer to baby-sit for family andfriendsWork part-time at a pre-school or a summercampTake a CPR and a First Aid CoursePost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeBusiness Administration(A.A. and A.A.S. Degrees)Early Childhood Education(A.A Degree and certificate programs)Teacher Education (A.A Degree )Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesRelated OccupationsCustomer Service ManagerElementary AdministratorElementary TeacherFirst-Line SupervisorInstructional CoordinatorStore ManagerTraining Specialist19


A career inTeaching—Junior High or Middle SchoolIn junior high and middle school, students are taught to investigatethe subjects learned in elementary school with moredepth. The teachers specialize in one or more subject areas.Good teachers will help to instill good work habits and a desireto learn in their students. At this age level the students aregoing through many emotional, physical and hormonalchanges. The teachers will need to be extremely patient andhave the ability to keep their sense of humor even during somevery stressful interactions. As in an elementary school, theteachers at this level will prepare lesson plans and tests, gradepapers, prepare report cards, meet with parents, attend facultymeetings, and serve on school and district committees. Informationchanges at such an alarming rate that teachers willneed to be life-long learners and continue their education byattending workshops or by taking additional college classes.This career may interest you if you:like working with young people and their parentsare enthusiastic, creative and have a good sense of humorare patient with a strong sense of responsibilitydon’t mind being a life long learnercan teach the same concept in a variety of wayshave good communication skills and enjoy being in frontof a classroomcan accept working outside of the classroom as you gradepapers, attend meetings, and prepare lesson planscan work well independently and as part of a teamdon’t mind having your knowledge challengedRelated OccupationsChild PsychologistCoachCorporate TrainerCounselorEducation AdministratorElementary TeacherLibrarianSocial WorkerSpeech TherapistTeacher AssistantSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IICommunicationsComputersChild DevelopmentForeign LanguagePsychology, Sociology, Social ScienceScienceSocial Studies*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesTutor elementary or middle schoolstudentsVolunteer to assist a teacher at yourschoolWork part-time at a summer camp or atan after-school child care programBe a peer counselor or mediator atyour schoolVolunteer to teach your favorite hobbyto your church youth groupTake a CPR/First Aid coursePost-High School Education**San Juan CollegeTeacher Education (A.A Degree )Alternative Teacher Licensure Program(Certificate)Four-year Colleges or Universities**This career area requires a bachelor’sdegree or higher20


FinanceCareer ClusterDo you like the stock market and researching investments?Do you enjoy working with numbers?Do you like things that are orderly and neat?This may be the career cluster for you.A career inAccountingAccountants work with numbers all day long as they prepare,analyze, and confirm financial reports that are used in an organization.Accountants usually specialize in public, management, orgovernment accounting. They can also become auditors andcheck other accountants’ work, either internally as a paid employee,externally as a part of an auditing firm or for the government.Public accountants usually have their own businesses orwork for an accounting firm. They perform a broad range of accountingservices for organizations and/or individuals. Managementaccountants work on a company's financial records. Theyassist the organization in planning and managing their budgetsand costs. Some government accountants and auditors will maintainand verify the records of government agencies, while otherslook at private businesses and individuals who are subject togovernment regulation and/or taxation. Where accountants usedto work on paper ledgers, today there are many computer programsthat assist them in creating accurate financial reports. Accountantsspend most of their time at a desk, in front of a computeror working with computer printouts.This career could be a possibility for you if you:enjoy working with numberspossess problem-solving and decision-making skillscan turn data into useful informationare detail-oriented, honest and have good work ethicshave strong communication skillsare able to work with people one-on-one or as a team memberare self motivated and can work with little supervisionSuggested High School Classes*Accounting I, IIAlgebra, Geometry, Algebra II, StatisticsBusiness and Consumer MathCommunicationsComputersFinancial Literacy*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesParticipate in accounting competitions atyour schoolBe the treasurer for a school clubWork part-time as a bank tellerPlan, organize, and conduct a fundraisingcampaignMake a personal budget and stick to itOpen a checking and savings accountUnderstand your personal tax returnPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeAccounting (A.A.S. Degree)Bookkeeping (Certificate Program)Payroll Accounting(Certificate Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Business and Vocational SchoolsRelated OccupationsActuaryAppraiserAuditorBank OfficerBudget AnalystEconomistFinancial AdvisorInsurance UnderwriterLoan OfficerRetirement AdvisorStock BrokerTax Examiner21


A career inFinancial Planning and AnalysisFrom individuals to large corporations, a financial planner’sor analyst’s goal is to assist in making investments and toprotect their client’s assets. They typically review the pasthistory and current practices of their client’s income, spending,and investment habits. Then, they work out a plan tohelp the client achieve their long-term and short-term financialgoals. The complexity of the financial package will determineif the planner needs to work with attorneys and accountants.A financial analyst usually works for an investmentorganization that sells this service to other companies.The analyst reviews all of the documents relative to an organizationsvalue and will have meetings with the leaders ofthe company to project its future earnings. The analyst willutilize forecast software packages and computer generatedspreadsheets to develop different possible scenarios. Theywill use that information to create a plan with many optionsto present to the company financial officials.This career may interest you if you:enjoy analyzing financial information and solving problemscan handle working long hours, sometimes into the eveningsor on the weekendscan work well under the pressure of deadlineshave great communication and presentation skills and havethe ability to take complex financial issues and explain themin simpler termsare willing to continue your education by attending seminarsto learn the new financial informationenjoy working on the computer and doing Internet researchcan work independently without a lot of directionRelated OccupationsActuaryAuditorBudget AnalystCommodity AgentFinancial ManagerInsurance Sales AgentReal Estate AgentStock BrokerSuggested High School Classes*AccountingAlgebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBusiness and Consumer MathBusiness LawCommunicationsComputersEconomicsFinancial LiteracySpeech*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesBe the treasurer for a school clubWork part-time as a bank tellerPlan, organize, and conduct a fundraisingcampaignMake a personal budget and stick to itJoin the debate team at schoolOpen a checking and savings accountUnderstand your personal tax returnRead business publicationsWatch business-related television showsPost-High School EducationCommunity CollegesFour-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryPrivate Business and Vocational Schools22


A career inInsuranceInsurance adjusters work on the claims made by people andcompanies that put in for payment against their insurancepolicies. In some instances, such as water damage to homes,appraisers might be able to handle the claim over the phonewithout ever stepping foot in the house, however, most of thetime they need to see the extent of the damage to determinecompensation. In instances that involve bodily injury theclaim may be sent to senior adjusters. The majority of adjustersare hired by property and casualty insurance companies.They may travel to see the damage, bring out their laptop andprint the forms that are used by the insurance company topay a claim, right on the spot. Being able to use the computerand place the claim right away allows for quicker service tothe customer. Adjusters are telecommuting more today thanin the past. They get their assignments from their laptop orcell phone and then go out into the field to assess damage.This career may be for you if you:can communicate effectively with people under high stressare comfortable with people from all ethnic and economic backgroundscan use different computer software packageshave a good driving record and like drivingenjoy mathare responsible and can work without a lot of supervisionSuggested High School Classes*AccountingAlgebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBusiness and Consumer MathBusiness LawCommunicationsComputer SoftwareEconomicsFinancial LiteracyStatistics*Where available, check with your schoolcounselorRelated ActivitiesWork part-time at an insurancecompanyBecome proficient in businessrelatedsoftwareRead business publicationsWatch business news showsPost-High School EducationCommunity CollegesFour-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Business and VocationalSchoolsRelated OccupationsAccounting TechnicianAuditorCost EstimatorsFinancial AnalystFire InspectorInsurance InvestigatorLoan OfficerPrivate DetectivePolice InvestigatorUnderwriter23


Government & Public AdministrationCareer ClusterDo you like to analyze things and influence change?Do you enjoy public speaking and the political arena?Do you want to help others?This may be the career cluster for you.A career inEconomicsEconomists work to develop possible solutions to economicproblems arising from production and distribution of goodsand services by conducting research, analyzing data and preparingreports for government and public agencies as well ascorporations. Economists devise methods and procedures forobtaining data by conducting surveys and creating forecastsusing mathematical modeling techniques. It is important foreconomists to be able to present their concepts in a clear andmeaningful way, especially those whose research is directedtoward making policies for an organization. Many economistsspecialize in one area of economics, although general knowledgeof basic economic principles is useful in all areas.Economists who have master’s or Ph.D. degrees in economicshave the best chance for employment and advancement.This career could be for you if you:enjoy analyzing information to solve problemspossess strong verbal and written communication skillsenjoy mathematical computationsare detail-oriented and organizedhave good judgment and decision-making skillsare able to deal with all kinds of peopleenjoy working alone for most of the daywork well under pressure and with tight deadlinesSuggested High School Classes*AccountingAlgebra, Geometry, Algebra II, CalculusBusiness, Business LawCommunicationsComputersGovernment and Economics*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesWork part-time in a government officeBecome proficient in business-relatedsoftwareRead business publicationsChart the economic trends of differentcountries and try to anticipate changesPost-High School Education**San Juan CollegeEconomics (A.A. Degree Program)Four-year Colleges or Universities**In this career field, a bachelor’s degree orhigher is usually necessaryRelated OccupationsAccountantActuaryAuditorBudget AnalystBuyerFinancial AnalystFinancial ManagerInsurance UnderwriterLoan OfficerPurchasing AgentPurchasing Manager24


A career inPolitics ~ LegislatorsLegislators develop laws and statutes at the Federal, State orlocal levels. They create and change legislation that will helpto determine how taxes are spent. At the local level many legislatorswork part-time for little or no pay. At the State andFederal level, they may work more than a sixty-hour week.Legislators need to know how to run a campaign as they areelected officials and need votes to get into office. They do alot of public speaking either to get elected or to let their constituentsknow their views on issues so that they can convincethem to vote for their programs. Legislators hold hearings,and listen to their constituents and other groups to determinetheir own voting policies. Legislators need to understand theart of negotiation and be able to compromise on issues.This career may interest you if you:enjoy public speakingare able to deal with all kinds of peopleenjoy analyzing information to solve problemspossess strong verbal, written and listening communicationskillsare detail-oriented and organizedlove to debate issueshave good judgment and decision-making skillscan think quickly and formulate answers to toughquestions without hesitationRelated OccupationsAttorneyBusiness ManagerCampaign ManagerCollege ProfessorJudgeLobbyistResearcherReporterWriterSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBusiness LawCommunicationsDebateGovernment and EconomicsPsychology/SociologyStudent LeadershipU. S. History*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesVolunteer to work for a local politicalcampaignRun for class presidentJoin the debate teamRead political publicationsListen to political campaignsVotePost-High School Education**San Juan CollegePolitical Science (A.A. Degree)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitary**This is a career field that usually requiresa bachelor’s degree or higher25


A career inTribal GovernanceThere are several opportunities available in Tribal Governance.Two positions are a community service coordinator and an officespecialist.A community service coordinator works with elected officialsand community members in planning and implementing developmentprojects for Navajo Nation chapters. They provide training onthe local governance act and interpret policies relating to communityprojects, funds, land issues and other chapter related matters.They also do research on community needs and make assessments,represent the chapters in meetings, and advocate on behalf of chaptermembers. They also develop and administer chapter budgets,monitor expenditures, and draft budget guidelines and justifications.An office specialist performs a variety of office support work.Tasks may include answering the phone, answering routine questions,directing people to appropriate sources and provide the publicwith general information. They work on computerized systems;receiving money, preparing receipts and reports, as well as producingother data as requested.A Community Services Coordinator career couldbe a possibility for you if you:enjoy writing and public speakinghave leadership potentiallike numbers and making decisions about moneyenjoy using different software on the computerhave patience working with peoplecan establish and maintain good working relationshipsAn Office Specialist career may be for you if you:enjoy preparing records and reportsare able to operate office equipmentare skilled in English composition and grammarenjoy maintaining effective working relationshipslike spending time on the computer and using a varietyof software packagesSuggested High School Classes*AccountingAlgebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBusiness LawCivicsCommunicationsGovernment and EconomicsNavajo LanguageNavajo Government and HistoryU. S. History*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesBecome an officer of a school club suchas a Native American or Dine clubGet a part-time or summer job as atribal employeeVolunteer for holiday activities thatbenefit the ChapterhouseAttend Chapterhouse meetingsPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeTribal Governance(A.A. Degree Program)Tribal Government(Certificate Program)Related OccupationsAdvertising ManagerAuditing ClerkComputer OperatorElected Chapter OfficerFinancial ManagerHuman Resource AssistantInformation ClerkLegal AssistantMedical AssistantOffice Manager26


Health ScienceCareer ClusterDo you like to care for people who are sick or help them stay well?Are you interested in new diseases and in how the body works?Do you enjoy observing people?This may be the career cluster for you.A career inDental HygieneDental hygienists use a variety of tools to remove soft andhard deposits from teeth as well as stains, plaque and calculus.They examine a patient’s teeth and gums and record thepresence of diseases or any abnormalities. Hygienists takedental x-rays and apply cavity-preventive agents to the teethas well as taking the time to talk to patients about good oralhealth. They use hand, rotary and ultrasonic instruments toclean and polish teeth. Hygienists sometimes work with thedentist during the dentist’s treatment of the patient. The majorityof hygienists work part-time and may hold jobs in morethan one office at a time. It is important for hygienists to beaware of health safeguards, to adhere to proper radiologicalprocedures and to use safety glasses, gloves and surgicalmasks to protect themselves and patients from infectious diseases.This career could be a possibility for you if you:have a high degree of manual dexterityenjoy helping othershave good communication skillsenjoy working with all types of peopleare able to deal with difficult or scared peopleenjoy learning about teeth and oral hygienedon’t mind putting your hands in someone’s mouthare not bothered by the sight of bloodSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, GeometryBiology, ChemistryChild DevelopmentCommunicationsForeign LanguageHealthHealth Occupations(HS TEC Program:ALHT 011 and HITP 010)**Human Anatomy/PhysiologyPsychology* Where available, check with school counselor** High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school and collegecredit once the semester is successfully completed.Related ActivitiesWork part-time in a dentist’s officeVolunteer at a hospitalTake a CPR/First Aid courseRead dental magazinesPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeDental Hygiene (A.A.S. Degree)MilitaryRelated OccupationsDental AssistantMedical AssistantOccupational Therapist AssistantPhysical Therapist AssistantPhysician AssistantRadiation TherapistRegistered Nurse27


A career as aHealth Information TechnicianA registered health information technician is responsible forpreparing, compiling, processing, analyzing, evaluating, coding,storing, and retrieving information for all types ofhealthcare facilities and organizations. Technicians are incharge of the record keeping for all patients. The recordsmust be meticulously kept and are very confidential. Manyhospitals require their technicians to sign a confidentialityagreement. Technicians usually work a 40-hour week, withoccasional overtime. If a technician works in a hospital thatis open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, the technician maywork any one of the three shifts. This is one of the few healthoccupations in which there is little or no contact with patients.Technicians entering the field usually have an associatesdegree from a community or junior college. Since thehealth information field is moving more towards electronichealth records, in the future, people in this career area mayhave an opportunity to work from home.This career may interest you if you:can pay close attention to detailsare an accurate personenjoy working on different computer software packagesare responsible and can work without a lot of supervisionare not interested in working with patientsare able to type quickly without looking at your handshave the ability to read other people’s handwritingRelated OccupationsBookkeeperCertified Cancer RegistrarData Entry ClerkMedical SecretaryMedical Record CoderTranscriptionistSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBiology, ChemistryCommunicationsComputer Science and SoftwareHealthHealth Occupations(HS TEC Program:ALHT 011 and HITP 010)**Human AnatomyKeyboardingStatistics* Where available, check with your school counselor** High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school and college creditonce the semester is successfully completed.Related ActivitiesWork part-time in an officeBecome proficient in office-related softwareBe a secretary for a school clubVolunteer at a hospitalPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeHealth Information Technician(A.A.S. Degree)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Business and Vocational Schools28


A career as aMedical Insurance CoderMedical Insurance Coders, also referred to as Billers, aretechnicians who specialize in coding all medical informationregarding the patient’s diagnosis and procedures. They areresponsible for putting the correct code on documents so theinsurance company will reimburse the physician and hospitalfor these costs, and so the patients will be billed accuratelyfollowing the insurance payment. Coders and billers must beaccurate in their determination of the correct code or the insurancecompany will not reimburse the medical care provider.Technicians use the “diagnosis related groups” orDRG system to determine the amount the hospital or physicianis reimbursed. Medical Coders have little or no contactwith patients. They generally work regular office hoursunless they are employed by a hospital that is open 24 hoursa day, 7 days a week. In which case, they may work variedshifts. Most of their work is done on their computer.This career could be for you if you:can pay close attention to detailsare an accurate personenjoy working on the computerare responsible and can work without a lot of supervisionare not interested in working with patientsare able to type quickly without looking at your handshave the ability to read other people’s handwritingRelated OccupationsBookkeeperCertified Cancer RegistrarData Entry ClerkHealth Information TechnicianMedical SecretaryMedical Record TechnicianMedical TranscriptionistSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, GeometryBiology, ChemistryCommunicationsComputer Science and SoftwareHealthHealth Occupations(HS TEC Program:ALHT 011 and HITP 010)**Human AnatomyKeyboarding* Where available, check with your school counselor** High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school and college creditonce the semester is successfully completed.Related ActivitiesWork part-time in an officeBecome proficient in office-related softwareBe a secretary for a school clubVolunteer at a hospitalPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeMedical Insurance Coder/Biller(Certificate Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryPrivate Business and Vocational Schools29


A career inMedical Laboratory TechnologyMedical laboratory technicians (MLT) are essential membersof the healthcare team. They are the detectives that, throughanalyzing blood and other bodily fluids, uncover and provideclues that assist physicians and other healthcare practitionersin diagnosing disease, assessing a person’s state of health,and monitoring the necessary therapy of a patient. The MLTemploys sophisticated biomedical instruments, modern technology,and computers in their work. They may be a generalistand work in a variety of laboratory areas or they may specializein a single laboratory field, such as, clinical chemistry,hematology, immunology, immunohematology, microbiologyor molecular biology. Medical laboratory techniciansusually work in an office for a hospital or a physician. Somework schedules may require nights, weekends, holidays andpossibly on-call shifts.This career could be for you if you:can pay close attention to detailsare organizedhave great manual dexterityare responsible and can work without a lot of supervisionhave good communication skillscan work independentlylove to solve problemsare not bothered by the sight of blood or other bodily fluidsdon’t mind going back to school for continued educationSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBiology, Chemistry, PhysicsCommunicationsHealthHealth Occupations(HS TEC Program:ALHT 011 and HITP 010)**Human Anatomy* Where available, check with your school counselor** High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school and college creditonce the semester is successfully completed.Related ActivitiesWork part-time in a doctor’s officeExperiment with a chemistry setWork with problem solving gamesBe an officer in a school clubVolunteer at a hospitalPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeMedical Laboratory Technology(A.A.S. Degree)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryPrivate Business and Vocational SchoolsRelated OccupationsApheresis TechnicianChemistCytotechnologistClinical Laboratory ScientistDonor Phlebotomy TechnicianHealth Information TechnicianHemapheresis PractitionerMedical SecretaryMedical Record TechnicianMedical TranscriptionistMolecular PathologyPathologists’ AssistantPhlebotomy TechnicianVeterinary Technician30


A career as aMedical TranscriptionistMedical transcriptionists are responsible for transcribing recordingsdictated by health care professionals. This is usuallydone on a headset. These documents are then returnedto the healthcare providers for review of accuracy, corrections,signatures and are then made part of the patient’s file.In order to be successful, the transcriptionist needs to haveoutstanding English language skills and an interest in medicallanguage. Because these files can mean the differencebetween life and death, accuracy is essential. Due to the sensitivenature of the material being transcribed, it is necessaryfor technicians to have acute hearing to assure that they aretranscribing accurately. Medical transcriptionists have a legaland ethical requirement for confidentiality and may beasked to sign a privacy agreement.This career may interest you if you:can pay close attention to detailsare organizedare responsible and can work without a lot of supervisionhave good listening and great English skillscan work independentlycan type without looking at your handsenjoy listening to medical terminologydon’t mind sitting at a computer for hours at a timeSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, GeometryBiology, ChemistryBusinessCommunicationsHealthHealth Occupations(HS TEC Program:ALHT 011 and HITP 010)**Human AnatomyKeyboarding* Where available, check with your school counselor** High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school and college creditonce the semester is successfully completed.Related ActivitiesWork part-time in a doctor’s officeBecome proficient in office-related softwareBe a secretary for a school clubVolunteer at a hospitalPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeMedical Transcriptionist(Certificate Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryPrivate Business and Vocational SchoolsRelated OccupationsCourt ReporterHealth Information TechnicianHuman Resources AssistantMedical SecretaryMedical Record TechnicianParalegal31


A career inNursingA nurse is just as important to good healthcare as is a doctor.Nursing is the largest occupation in the healthcare industryand nurses are always in demand. Nurses work to keep peoplehealthy through education and by providing direct patientcare. When working with a patient nurses observe, assess,and record symptoms and they record the patient’s reactionsto the care they receive. Nurses assist the physician duringsurgeries, treatments and examinations. They are responsiblefor carrying out the doctor’s orders. They administer medicationsand may even assist in rehabilitation. Nurses are employedby hospitals, nursing homes, private practices,schools, and a variety of other healthcare facilities. They mayalso be employed in health related positions that do not providedirect patient care.This career could be a possibility for you if you:enjoy helping otherscan be sympathetic to those who are sickhave strong communication skillsare able to make good decisions while under stresscan accept responsibilitylike working different schedulesare willing to go to school, workshops and seminars on a regularbasis to increase your knowledge and skillscan follow directions and work well as a part of a teamdon’t mind cleaning up after sick peopleare physically strongRelated OccupationsCertified Nursing AssistantDental HygienistMedical Laboratory TechnicianMidwifeOccupational TherapistParamedicPhysical Therapist AssistantRespiratory TherapistSocial WorkerSurgical TechnicianSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIAnatomy, PhysiologyBiology, ChemistryCommunicationsComputersHealth Occupations (HS TEC ProgramALHT 011 and HITP 010)**PsychologySports Medicine, Unified Science*Where available, check with school counselor** High School Classes held at San JuanCollege; students receive high schoolcredit at the successful completion ofeach semester.Related ActivitiesVolunteer at a hospitalTake a CPR/First Aid classGet your CNA LicenseWork part-time in a doctor’s office,nursing home or hospitalPost-High School Education***San Juan CollegeNursing(A.D.N. and B.S.N Programs)Phlebotomy(Certificate Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesNursing SchoolsMilitary***This career requires graduationfrom an approved school of nursing;licensing, which must be renewedperiodically; and continuededucation.32


A career as aPhysical Therapist AssistancePhysical therapist assistants (PTA’s) help physicaltherapists in providing physical therapy treatments andprocedures that help improve mobility, relieve pain, andprevent or limit permanent physical disabilities of patientssuffering from an injury or a disease. Assistantscannot perform the initial evaluation of the patient,change the plan of care or discharge a patient from thatcare. Those are duties of the physical therapist. Underthe direction of the therapist the assistant may performcomponents of physical therapy procedures and relatedtasks. PTA’s may help patients exercise, give massagesand electrical stimulation, provide paraffin baths, hotand cold packs, traction and ultrasound. The PTA recordsthe patient’s responses to treatment and reports theoutcome of each treatment to the physical therapist.This career may be for you if you:like working with and helping peoplehave physical stamina and manual dexterityare patient and tactfulcan express yourself clearlyare mature and emotionally stableare able to work as part of a teamlike having different challenges every dayare willing to participate in continuing educationcourses and workshopsRelated OccupationsAthletic TrainerCertified Nursing AssistantDental AssistantExercise PhysiologistMedical AssistantOccupational Therapist AssistantPharmacy AidePharmacy TechnicianSocial & Human Service AssistantSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBiology, ChemistryCommunicationsComputersGeneticsHealth Occupations (HS TEC ProgramALHT 011 and HITP 010)**Human Anatomy/PhysiologyPhysical EducationPsychologySports Medicine* Where available, check with school counselor** High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive high school credit at the successfulcompletion of each semester.Related ActivitiesVolunteer at a hospitalTake a CPR/First Aid classRead exercise and physical therapy magazinesWork part-time in an exercise club, doctor’soffice, or hospitalPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegePre-Physical Therapist AssistantPhysical Therapist Assistant(A.A.S. Degree programs)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitary33


A career as aRegistered Respiratory TherapistRespiratory therapists are health care professionals whocare for patients that are having trouble breathing or whohave cardiopulmonary disorders. Therapists assess allages of patients from infants through the elderly. Theytypically work in a hospital or for home healthcare organizations.A respiratory therapist measures a patient’spH, by taking a blood sample and placing it in a blood gasanalyzer. This provides the therapist with the acidity oralkalinity level of the blood. Respiratory therapists help todetermine if a patient has any lung deficiencies by havingthe patient breathe into an instrument that measures thevolume and flow of oxygen while inhaling and exhaling.The therapist compares the patient’s results to the norm,thus determining if there could be any medical problems.The results are given to a physician who recommends acourse of treatment if necessary. As technology changesthe respiratory therapist will go back to classes to be up todate on treatment and equipment usage. Employers prefertherapists who are certified.This career may interest you if you:are able to work with sick peoplelike helping peopledon’t mind standing for long periods of timecan express yourself clearly and can convincepeople to do something they may not want to doare mature and emotionally stableare sensitive to the needs of othersSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIGeneral Science, Biology, ChemistryCommunicationsComputersHealth Occupations (HS TEC ProgramALHT 011 and HITP 010)**Human Anatomy/PhysiologyPsychology*Where available, check with school counselor** High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive high school credit at the successfulcompletion of each semester.Related ActivitiesVolunteer at a hospitalTake a CPR/First Aid courseRead medical journals and magazinesWork part-time in a doctor’s officePost-High School EducationCommunity CollegesFour-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryRelated OccupationsAthletic TrainerDiagnostic Medical SonographersOccupational TherapistPhysical TherapistRadiation TherapistRegistered NurseX-ray Technician34


A career inSurgical TechnologyA surgical technologist (ST) works as a part of the surgicalteam to make sure that operations are conducted underoptimal conditions. The role of the ST is vital for the successof the operating room team. They are responsible formaking sure that the room, instruments and patient are assterile as possible to protect the patient against diseasescreated by germs. All surgical team members must adhereto the practice of sterile techniques. Honesty and moralintegrity are necessary to uphold these standards. Duringa surgery the ST will pass the sterile equipment to the surgeonand their assistants. The proficient ST must displaya caring attitude toward the patient care environment. It isalso necessary to understand normal anatomy and physiology,the pathological conditions that have an affect onthe patient, the planned operative procedure, and theymust consider any variations that may be necessary to accommodatea specific patient. When the operation is completedthe ST may help move the patient to recovery andthen will prepare the room for the next surgery.This career could be a possibility for you if you:like helping people and can work with sick peopleare honest and have a lot of moral integritydon’t mind standing for long periods of timecan work as a member of a team as well as alone withoutmuch directiondon’t mind the sight of blood or bodily fluidsare mature and emotionally stableare sensitive to the needs of othersare willing to participate in continuing educationSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBiology, ChemistryCommunicationsHealthHealth Occupations (HS TEC ProgramALHT 011 and HITP 010)**Human Anatomy/Physiology*Where available, check with school counselor** High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive high school credit at the successfulcompletion of each semester.Related ActivitiesVolunteer at a hospitalTake a CPR/First Aid courseWork part-time in a doctor’s officeWork part-time for a fast food restaurant thathas a strong focus on sanitationPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeSurgical Technology(A.A.S. Degree)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryRelated OccupationsCertified Nursing AssistantClinical Laboratory TechnologistDental AssistantMedical AssistantMedical Laboratory AssistantPhysical Therapist AssistantPractical NurseVocational Nurse35


Hospitality and TourismCareer ClusterDo you enjoy talking to people?Do you like planning and taking care of the details for a party?Do you like to plan activities for others?This may be the career cluster for you.A career inHotel ManagementHospitality management can be in the area of food service,recreation, entertainment or the hotel industry. This will focuson hotel management. In smaller hotels there may be onlyone manager, known as the general manager. In larger organizationsthere are many managers such as a reservationdesk manager, housekeeping manager and a food and beveragemanager, as well as the general manager. In both types ofoperations the general manager is responsible for the overalloperation of the hotel. In larger hotels the specialized managersreport to the general manager. Hotels are open year roundand 7 days a week, so managers must get used to workingweekends, holidays and evenings. Most hotel managers havea bachelor’s degree in business or hospitality management.Occasionally an employee who is has management potentialmay be asked to participate in a management training program,even if they do not have a college degree, however, thequickest way to success is through continued education beyondhigh school.This career could be for you if you:are able to get along with all types of peoplecan work in stressful situationscan solve problems quicklyare detail orientedhave self-discipline and initiativedon’t mind working holidays and weekendshave great communication skillscan work as a team playerare able to delegate jobs to othersSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBusiness, Business Math, MarketingCommunicationsComputersFoods, Food Science, Culinary ArtsForeign Language, preferably Spanish*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesGet a part-time job at a hotel or restaurantBe the President or Treasurer of a schoolclubVolunteer to set up a family reunionHelp to organize a school function such asthe promPost-High School EducationTwo-year Community CollegesFour-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryPrivate Business and Vocational SchoolsRelated OccupationsApartment Building ManagerConvention Services ManagerExecutive ChefFood Service ManagerGaming ManagerProperty ManagerRestaurant ManagerSales Worker Manager36


A career inMeeting and Convention PlanningMeeting and convention planners work to ensure that largeevents run smoothly. The planners work with the clients thatare willing to pay for the service. Together they determinethe purpose, message or impression they want to communicate.Planners may survey past or future participants to determinewhat they are looking for and how they learn best.Planners choose speakers, entertainment and content. Theyarrange the program and see to the multitude of details necessaryfor a successful event. They will work with hotels andconvention centers, caterers, audio-visual experts, printers,newspapers and even the post office to create the best eventfor their clients. Some organizations have internal meetingplanning staff and others hire independent planners to organizetheir events. Huge events will take months to preparewith extra overtime spent just prior to the event. When theevent is over, the planners need to have a mechanism for determiningif the goal of the event was met. Many use surveysof participants to determine the event’s success. A large partof a planner’s success is based on their ability to work with alarge and versatile group of professionals and to know howto communicate effectively with each group.This career may interest you if you:can take initiative and solve problemsare able to get along with all kinds of people, even instressful situationsare friendly, personable and outgoingare detail-oriented and multi-taskedhave good judgmentpossess great communication skillscan help people reach compromisesSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBusiness/MarketingCommunicationsComputersFoodsForeign LanguageGraphic Design*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesWork part-time at a hotel, restaurant, orcatering companyVolunteer to work at a summer communityfestivalJoin a club and help them put on clubeventsHelp your family put on large theme partiesPost-High School EducationTwo-year Community CollegesFour-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Business and Vocational SchoolsRelated OccupationsAdministrative AssistantExecutive SecretaryFood Service ManagerProducerPublic Relations SpecialistTravel AgentWedding Planner37


A career inOutdoor Leadership and RecreationRecreation workers plan, organize and direct activities forpeople who spend their leisure time participating in a widevariety of organized recreational activities such as backpacking,rock climbing, hiking, camping, rafting, and canoeing.These activities are usually found in local recreation areas,parks, camps, wilderness areas, and rivers/lakes. Increasingly,recreation workers also are being found in workplaces, wherethey organize and direct leisure activities for employees. Regardlessof the setting, most recreation workers spend much oftheir time outdoors and may work in a variety of weather conditions.It is common for recreation workers to work somenights and weekends along with having very irregular workhours.This career could be a possibility for you if you:enjoy working outsidedon’t mind working evenings and weekendsare not interested in a regular 9 to 5 jobare able to get along with all kinds of peopleare patient, friendly, personable and outgoingare detail-orientedhave good judgmentpossess great communication skillsSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IICommunicationsForeign LanguageForestry and Wildlife ScienceHealthPhysical Education, Lifetime Sports &ActivitiesPsychologySports Medicine*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesWork during the summer at a summercampWork part-time at a store that sells outdoorsporting equipmentRead outdoor sports publicationsLearn CPR/First AidJoin a sporting clubPost-High School Education**San Juan CollegeOutdoor Leadership(A.A. Degree program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryPrivate Business and Vocational Schools** This occupation normally requires abachelor’s degree or specializedtraining in a particular field.Related OccupationsLife GuardPhysical Education TeacherRaft GuideSearch and RescueSki Instructor or Patrol38


Human ServicesCareer ClusterAre you friendly, open, understanding, and cooperative?Do you like working with people, helping them to solve problems?Is it important to make things better for others?This may be the career cluster for you.A career inCosmetologyCosmetologists help people look neat and well-groomed byproviding beauty services, such as shampooing, cutting, coloring,and styling hair; massaging and treating a client’sscalp. They also give advice to their customers on how to carefor their hair and skin. Many cosmetologists take additionaltraining that allows them to apply makeup, perform hair removal,dress wigs, and provide nail and skin care services.Cosmetologists may work for a salon or work out of theirhomes on a part-time basis. In some occupations that are relatedto cosmetology, there is the potential for internationaltravel with major product companies.This career may be for you if you:enjoy working with all kinds of peopledon’t mind working evenings and weekendsare not interested in a regular 9 to 5 jobare patient, friendly, personable and outgoingdon’t mind standing for long periods of timecan handle working with a variety of chemicalspossess great communication skillslike the challenge of working with different types of hairRelated OccupationsElectrologistEstheticianMakeup ArtistMassage TherapistNail TechnicianPedicuristPlatform ArtistSkin Care SpecialistTeacherResearcherSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, GeometryBiology, ChemistryBusiness/MarketingCommunicationsComputersCosmetology (HS TEC ProgramCOSM 010, 071, 040, 095)***Where available, check with school counselor** High School Classes are held at San JuanCollege; students receive both high schooland college credit at the successful completionof each semester. (Seniors only)Related ActivitiesWork part-time at a beauty salonVolunteer to fix your family’s and friend’shairRead beauty and hair related publicationsVolunteer at a nursing home to wash and setpatients hairJoin your school’s plays or fashion shows tohelp with makeup and hairPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeBarber(Certificate Program)Cosmetology(A.A.S. Degree and Certificate Programs)Cosmetology Instructor(Certificate Program)Esthetician(Certificate Program)Manicuring/Pedicuring(Certificate Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Cosmetology Schools39


A career inCounseling ~ Substance AbuseWhen we think of substance abuse counselors, we often thinkof them helping people who have problems with alcohol anddrugs. However, they also work with people who have addictionsto gambling and those with eating disorders. Substanceabuse counselors help individuals who have addictions byhelping them to identify behaviors and problems related totheir addiction. They also conduct programs aimed at preventingaddictions from occurring in the first place. These counselorshold a variety of sessions designed for individuals,families, and/or groups. Counselors must possess high physicaland emotional energy to handle the array of problems theyaddress. They must also be very patient as the people theyhelp may take several years to be able to handle their problemsalone.This career may interest you if you:enjoy working with all kinds of peopledon’t mind working eveningshave a strong desire to help othersare very patientcan listen to other peoples problemshave the ability to inspire respect, trust, and confidencecan work independently or as part of a teampossess a strong code of ethics, are discreet and confidentialSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IICommunicationsComputersForeign LanguageHealthPsychology, Sociology, Social Science*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesWork part-time in a customer servicerelated industryVolunteer for a crisis hot lineDevelop your listening skillsRead psychology magazinesJoin your school’s or community’s peercouncilPost-High School Education**San Juan CollegeHuman Services-Substance Abuse(A.A.S. Degree Program)Four-year Colleges or Universities** This career requires a bachelor’s degree orhigherRelated OccupationsChildcare WorkerClergyHigh School CounselorNurseOccupational Therapist AssistantPsychiatristPsychologistSocial WorkerTeacher40


A career inPsychologyThe study of the human mind and human behavior is done bya psychologist. The investigation of the physical, cognitive,emotional, or social aspects of human behavior is done by aresearch psychologist. Psychologists employed in settingssuch as business, industry or government may conduct research,design systems, and act as advocates for psychology.In the health services field a psychologist provides mentalhealth care in hospitals, clinics, schools, or private settings.Health services psychologists use their knowledge to helppatients deal with life issues like divorce, death, and lifethreatening injuries or illnesses. Clients who are emotionallyor mentally disturbed may be helped by psychologists to adjustto a normal life. A person with a bachelor’s degree inpsychology can assist a psychologist, but to work as an independentpsychologist a doctoral degree is required.This career could be a possibility for you if you:enjoy going to school and don’t mind getting a PH. D.like working with and helping all types of peopleare sensitive and compassionatecan handle seeing others cryare emotionally stable and maturehave patience and perseverancehave great communication skillscan inspire others to confide in youcan refrain from talking about people to otherswork well independently or as part of a teamSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra II, StatisticsCommunicationsComputersForeign LanguageHealth, GeneticsPsychology, SociologyScience*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesVolunteer at a retirement center to interactwith seniorsWork as a counselor at a summer campVolunteer to man a crisis hotlineRead psychology books and publicationsBe a peer counselor or mediatorPost-High School Education**San Juan CollegePsychology (A.A Degree Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitary**A Ph.D/Psy.D is required for most jobsin this career fieldRelated OccupationsClergyClinical Social WorkerCounselorFuneral DirectorPhysicianPsychiatric AidePsychiatristResearcherSocial WorkerSociologistSpeech PathologistSpecial Education Teacher41


Information TechnologyCareer ClusterDo you like to solve complex problems that involve computers?Do you enjoy working on the computer?Do you like things that are orderly and neat?This may be the career cluster for you.A career as aComputer InvestigatorSimilar to a detective, a computer investigator, pieces togetherinformation as it relates to computer crimes. Theymay look at the way computers are used in identity theft,illegal downloading of copyrighted material or they maytrack down people who use computer emails to harass orthreaten people. They may also work to discover the peoplewho invite children into dangerous situations. Somecomputer investigators specialize in intrusions into computersystems. They will work for large organization’swith complex computer systems. They may recreate itemsthat have been erased from a computer, such as data, passwords,or emails and they may undo encryptions. This informationcan be used during a trial or for investigationpurposes.This career may interest you if you:are able to think logicallyenjoy working on the computer for hours at a timeare patient and persistentcan accept working on weekends or in the eveningswork well alone or as part of a teamable explain computer information to non-computer peoplelove to solve puzzlesSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBusinessCommunicationsComputer ScienceComputer Literacy/A+ Operating Systems(HS TEC Program - AOAP 123 andCOSC 111, ITCT 111, ITCT 111, IC 3)***Where available, check with school counselor** High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school and collegecredit at the successful completion of eachsemester.Related ActivitiesJoin your school’s computer or Internet clubWork part-time at a computer storeVolunteer to help non-profit groups with theircomputer needsRead technical computer literatureSurf the NetPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeComputer Science (A.S. Degree Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Business and Vocational SchoolsRelated OccupationsAuditorDetectiveFBI AgentSoftware DeveloperSurveillance OfficerWeb Site Designer42


A career inComputer ProgrammingFor computers to do the amazing things they do for us weneed to have computer programmers and software engineerscreating detailed instructions, called programs or software.Computers follow the programs in order to perform theirfunctions. Programmers write and test the instructions to ensureaccuracy. They also conceive, design and test logicalstructures for solving problems utilizing the computer. Withall of the advancements in the technical world today programmersneed to be constantly learning new languages and programmingtools. A simple program can be written in a fewhours; however, there are more complex programs that mayrequire a year or longer to complete. On lengthy projectsprogrammers will work as a team under a senior programmer’ssupervision. Programmers work with computer softwareengineers and systems analysts, turning their specificationsinto the programs needed. Computer language isconstantly evolving so programmers must be willing goback to school and become lifelong learners.This career could be for you if you:have strong interpersonal and communication skillsare able to think logicallyenjoy working on the computer for hours at a timecan do exacting analytical workare patient and persistentcan use ingenuity and imagination to find new ways tosolve problemswork well under deadline pressurework well alone or as part of a teamare willing to keep going to school to learn additionalcomputer languagesSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IICommunicationsComputer ScienceComputer Literacy/A+ Operating Systems(HS TEC Program - AOAP 123,COSC 111, ITCT 111, ITCT 111, IC3)***Where available, check with school counselor**High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school and collegecredit at the successful completion of eachsemester.Related ActivitiesJoin your school’s computer or Internet clubRead technical computer literatureVolunteer to tutor people on computers at yourschool or at a senior citizens centerWrite your own software programsPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeComputer Science (A.S. Degree)Object-Oriented Computer Programming(Certificate Program)Web Programming (Certificate Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryPrivate Business and Vocational SchoolsRelated OccupationsComputer Software EngineerComputer ScientistComputer Systems AnalystDatabase AdministratorEngineerMathematicianOperations Research AnalystStatistician43


A career inWeb Site Management and DesignThe Internet is becoming a very popular tool for companiesand organizations to display information about themselves.Because of this trend there is a need for Webmasters. A webmasterdevelops a website and keeps it up-to-date. They mayalso be in charge of the site’s security. The webmaster mustwork with an organization to be able to include the latest informationabout the company, job openings and any newproducts that the company has developed. A webmaster mustunderstand the company's goals and create a site that will appealto the audience the company it trying to reach. To beinteresting a site must be constantly monitored and changedas new information or product lines are available. Webmastersmay also monitor how many visitors use the site everyday.This career could be for you if you:can work under tight deadlinesenjoy working with graphic design and computer programslike surfing the Internetcan work with a variety of peopleare able to listen and turn someone’s ideas into a finishedproducthave good communication skills and are able to work aspart of a teamare creative, self motivated and can finish a job once it isstartedare willing to be on-call in case of problemscan sit at a computer for hours at a timeRelated OccupationsComputer ProgrammerComputer Game DesignerDatabase DeveloperInformation Systems ManagerMultimedia DesignerSoftware EngineerVirtual Reality DeveloperWeb Site ConsultantSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, GeometryArt/CAD/Animation**(HS TEC Program:ARTS 010, 012, 062, 065 & DRFT 015, 016)DraftingBusinessCommunicationsComputer ScienceGraphic Arts*Where available, check with school counselor** High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school and college creditonce semester is successfully completed.Related ActivitiesJoin your school’s Internet clubCreate a website for your family or a schoolclubVolunteer to teach children how to create awebsiteRead Webmaster books and magazinesSurf the NetPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeWeb Programming (Certificate Program)Object-Oriented Computer Programming(Certificate Program)Creative Arts and Technologies(A.A.S. Degree Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Business and Vocational Schools44


Law, Public Safety & SecurityCareer ClusterDo you like to protect people?Do you enjoy helping people solve problems?Is it important for you to make sure that things are fair?This might be the career cluster for you.A career inFirefightingOur society relies on firefighters to quickly respond to emergencysituations, especially in the case of fires and accidents. Along withthe police, firefighters are usually the first emergency personnelto arrive when we call 911. Firefighters need the strength to connecthose lines to hydrants, position their ladders and to climb theladder with active hoses or to carry people down the ladder andto the rescue unit. As a firefighter rescues people they also provideemergency medical aid. They will use their equipment toventilate smoke-filled areas and try to salvage the contents inburning buildings. Firefighters try to educate the public, bothchildren and adults, about fire safety. When not fighting fires thefirefighters will spend time maintaining their equipment, inphysical fitness activities and in increasing their knowledge byreading and attending classes as well as performing mock emergencyscenarios. A firefighter’s unit becomes a second family tothem for when they are at work they eat, sleep, and take care oftheir fire station together.This career may interest you if you: can assume responsibility for others during times of high stress have a strong desire to save lives even if it puts yourself in jeopardy can work to help people who are sick or may be dying can take control of a difficult situation and instill confidence in others have good judgment and are able to make quick decisions don’t mind working away from home for days at a time have the ability to live with people not in your family have strong interpersonal communication and reading skills have the strength to do physically demanding tasks enjoy work that is different every day are willing to be a life long learnerSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIChemistry, PhysicsCommunicationsFirefighter I/Mandated FirefighterTraining**(HS TEC Program: FIRE 010, 020, & 055)Foreign LanguageHealthPhysical Education, Fitness Conditioning*Where available, check with school counselor**High School Classes are held at San JuanCollege; students receive high school credit atthe successful completion of each semester.Related ActivitiesVolunteer to help at a fire station in anycapacity allowedJoin a gym to increase your strength andstamina through weight trainingRemain physically active by participatingin sports of all typesTake a CPR/First Aid courseLearn to cookPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeFire Science(A.A. Degree and Certificate Programs)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesApprenticeshipMilitaryRelated OccupationsDetectiveEmergency Medical TechnicianFire InvestigatorForest RangerParamedicPolice OfficerSmoke JumperSprinkler System Designer45


A career inLaw EnforcementWe look toward police officers for protection and to maintainorder. They patrol specific areas on foot, or by bicycle, motorcycle,car, truck and in some instances by horse. The police directtraffic, issue tickets, investigate accidents or crimes, and makearrests. Police officers may be called in to work even on theirtime off. A police detective will solve crimes by investigatingsuspects, clues, and facts. They will investigate criminals andmake reports about their habits, friends, and movements. Detectiveswill prepare cases for court and provide testimony. Insome states one can become a police officer with just a highschool education, however, most police chiefs recommend a twoor four year degree. It is difficult to move up in the departmentwithout advanced education. Because police officers are entrustedwith the welfare of the community and usually are dealingwith the rougher side of society, it is difficult for anyonewith a record; even a minor offence; to become an officer.This career is for you if you: are honest and have a strong sense of responsibility enjoy following and enforcing rules want to help people and serving others can make quick decisions under stress work well as a member of a teamwork as well as independently don’t mind being in dangerous situations have good communication skills are physical agility and fit, strong, and have good vision can accept being on call in anytime don’t mind working nights, weekends, and holidays have never been arrestedRelated OccupationsArmored Car GuardBorder Patrol GuardEmergency Medical TechnicianFirefighterProbation OfficerPrivate DetectiveSecurity GuardSoldierSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBusiness Law, Law StudiesCommunicationsComputersForeign LanguagePhysical EducationPsychology*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesWork on becoming physically fitTake a CPR/First Aid courseLearn the proper way to handle firearmsJoin a neighborhood watch groupRead law enforcement publicationsPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegePolice Science (A.A.S. Degree and CertificatePrograms)Human Services/Criminal Justice(A.A.S. and A.A. Degrees)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryPolice AcademyPrivate Business and Vocational Schools46


A career inLegal AssistanceLegal assistants, also known as paralegals, work hand-in-handwith their boss, the lawyer. Legal assistants do quite a bit ofpreparation for a lawyer’s case before it goes to court. Fromdoing legal research to making sure that the facts of the case areknown to their employer to written reports, assistants are becomingan indispensible asset to lawyers in their law firm. Theresponsibilities for this profession keeps growing to being similarto that of a lawyer, however, they are strictly prohibitedfrom giving legal advise and presenting cases in court. Legalliterature is constantly growing with each case that goes to trial,therefore, legal assistants rely on computer software packagesand the Internet to help them do their research. Their work iseither done in the office or at the law library. Though a few lawyersare willing to train their assistants, most prefer certifiedassistants who have had formal training in a two or four yearcollege.This career may be for you if you: enjoy reading legal information and doing extensive research can think logically and enjoy solving problems don’t mind spending hours doing research on the computers have good communication skills have a high standard of ethics and can maintain confidentiality work well alone and as a member of a team don’t mind turning your research over to others have an interest in lawRelated OccupationsAbstractorClaims AdjusterInvestigatorLaw ClerkMedical Records TechnicianPolice OfficerReporterSafety SpecialistTitle ExaminerSuggested High School Classes*AccountingAlgebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBusiness LawCommunicationsComputersKeyboarding*Where available, check with your schoolcounselorRelated ActivitiesWork part-time in a law officeWatch court and trial proceedingsDevelop your research and keyboardingskillsBecome a secretary for a school clubVolunteer with the Legal Aid SocietyRead law journalsPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeLegal Assistant(A.A.S. Degree Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryPrivate Business and VocationalSchools47


A career inSafetyEvery employer is required by law to provide a safe place ofemployment and to safeguard the environment. Safety professionalsand safety managers are responsible for maintainingthe safe working conditions that meet or exceed OSHAand other regulatory requirements. Typically, safety professionalstrain their company’s employees on safety procedures,maintain records for government reports and on anycompany injuries. They also investigate accidents, analyzthe cause of accidents and try to instill practices that willprevent them from happening. Safety workers have an officebut frequently must travel to different locations to performsafety audits and inspections. Going out into the field couldmean a trip anywhere from 3 to 75 miles away. As laws andsafety equipment and procedures change, safety professionalsneed to go keep abreast of new information through eitherself-study or short term training opportunities.This career may excite you if you: enjoy reading information on safety can solve problems don’t mind teaching or training others are detail minded have good communication skills have a high safety standard don’t mind going back to school for updated information enjoy traveling to different locationsSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, GeometryBusiness LawCommunicationsComputersForeign Language*Where available, check with your schoolcounselorRelated ActivitiesLearn to read government regulationsWork part-time as a life guardBe an active member of a school clubVolunteer to be a school crossingguardPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeOccupational Safety Program(A.A.S. Degree)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Business and VocationalSchoolsRelated OccupationsIndustrial HygienistInsurance AdjusterMedical Records TechnicianPolice OfficerPrivate InvestigatorSafety Consultant48


ManufacturingCareer ClusterAre you mechanically inclined and practical?Are you curious about how things work?Do you like reading technical journals?This may be the career cluster for you.A career inIndustrial Process OperationsThe industrial process operator is an employee who produces ahigh quality product or service in an industrial plant environment.They use process safety information, safe work practices,and operating procedures to operate and maintain process plantequipment. Process operators monitor and control processes,troubleshoot and problem solve, perform with a focus on safety,health, the environment and the production level desired by theirorganization. Process operators need to have a high degree oftechnical knowledge and the ability to perform the job well. Aprocess operator is said to be qualified when they can demonstratethe ability to do the job to a predetermined level of competencyin accordance with operating procedures that are set downby the industry.This career may interest you if you: pay attention to details have good judgment enjoy math and science are able to make quick decisions work well independently enjoy working with your hands like to analyze things have good interpersonal skills are willing to go back to school for trainingas processes changeSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIComputersEnglishForeign LanguageMachine Technology—all typesINST 140-145Applied Basic ElectronicsManufacturing Technology*Where available, check with school counselor**High School Classes held at San JuanCollege; students receive both highschool and college credit once thesemester is successfully completed.Related ActivitiesRead technical manualsSolve number riddlesGet a part-time job in a factoryRepair equipment at your homePost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeIndustrial Process Operator(A.A.S. Degree)Private Vocational SchoolsRelated OccupationsElectronic TechnicianIndustrial ElectricianManufacturing TechnicianOptimizerProduction TechnicianWater Treatment Analyst49


A career inInstrumentation & Process Controls TechnologyOrganizations and businesses depend on complex electronicequipment for a variety of functions. In industry there are controlsthat automatically monitor and direct production processeson the factory floor. Electric power companies use electronicequipment to operate and control generating plants, substationsand monitor equipment. All of these complex pieces ofelectronic equipment are installed, maintained, and repaired byinstrument, electrical and electronics technicians. Precisioninstruments require a high level of skill and attention to detail.Technicians may be responsible for working with tiny gearsthat must be manufactured to within one-hundredth of a millimeterof design specifications. They may also work as a benchtechnician who solves problems as they arise in complexequipment. Employers prefer applicants with postsecondaryeducation.This career could be a possibility for you if you: enjoy working with your hands have fine motor skills have good judgment can read and understand technical manuals have good vision have good physical agility and strength work well independently don’t mind noise, dirt or heatRelated OccupationsComputer TechnicianIndustrial ElectricianManufacturing TechnicianOffice Machine TechnicianSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, GeometryBasic Electronics**(HS TEC Program - INST 040, 045, 060, and080)Basic WeldingComputersForeign LanguageMachine Technology—all typesINST 140-145Applied Basic ElectronicsManufacturing TechnologyPhysical Education*Where available, check with school counselor**High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school andcollege credit once semester is successfullycompleted.Related ActivitiesRead technical manualsGet a part-time job in a factory or electronicsstoreRepair equipment at your homePost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeInstrumentation and Controls Technology(A.A.S Degree)Private Business and Vocational Schools50


A career inMachine TechnologyA machinist may use many tools such as lathes, milling machines,and machining centers, to produce precision metalparts. Sometimes machinists may produce large quantities ofthe same part, but precision machinists often produce smallbatches of one-of-a kind items. With their knowledge of theworking properties of metals and their skill with machine tools,they can make machined products that meet precise specifications.Accuracy is critical in this occupation. Machinists needto understand how to use computers more now than ever beforein this industry due to the fact that many machines are computer-controlledand partially or totally enclosed. This job requiresstamina as machinists stand for most of the day and maybe asked to lift moderately heavy work pieces. As companiestry to get the most out of their expensive equipment, secondshifts are becoming common, as well as weekend work.This career may interest you if you: have good vision and are able to judge depth and distance are mechanically inclined enjoy working with your hands and have fine motor skills have strong mathematical skills enjoy solving problems like computers and electronics can understand blueprints and technical drawings are able to work independently or as part of a team can follow safety guidelines can assume responsibility and are able to concentrate in asometimes loud environment can follow a job through to completionRelated OccupationsComputer Control ProgrammerComputer OperatorMachine OperatorMachine SetterMillwrightTool and Die MakerWelderSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IICommunicationsComputersDrafting, Computer-Aided Design (CAD)ElectronicsMachine Shop** (HS TEC Program:MASH 015, 020, 025, 030, 036)Physical EducationPhysical Science*Where available, check with school counselor* High School Classes are held at San JuanCollege; students will receive both highschool and college credit at the successfulcompletion of each semester.Related ActivitiesJoin an club related to the trades; electronics,plumbing, carpentry, woodworking,anything were you will use tools to buildthingsGet a part-time job in a machine shop orelectronics storeWhen someone goes to buy you a gift, askfor toolsLearn welding and solderingPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeMachine Shop Technology(A.A. Degree and Certificate Programs)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Trade SchoolApprenticeshipsMilitary51


A career inWeldingThe most common way to permanently join metal parts isthrough welding. Welding is used in shipbuilding, automobilemanufacturing and repair, aerospace applications, constructionand in thousands of manufacturing activities. Training for awelding career can range from a few weeks of school for a low-skilled position to several years of combined school and onthe-jobtraining for highly skilled jobs. There are about 100different types of welding, with Arc welding being the mostcommon. Welders use a variety of welding equipment. Theymay do manual welding in which the work is entirely controlledby the welder, or they can use semiautomatic welding,in which the welder uses machinery, such as a wire feeder, toperform welding tasks. Skilled welders plan work from drawingsor specifications or use their knowledge of fluxes and basemetals to analyze the parts to be joined. Experienced weldersoften open their own repair shops.This career could be for you if you: enjoy working with your hands and seeing a final project have good eyesight and hand-eye coordination are able to concentrate on detailed work for long periods can work outdoors in inclement weather have the ability to work high off the ground are willing to continue training even after many years on the job don’t mind being exposed to the possibility of danger fromfumes and hot materials have good physical agility, strength, and manual dexterity work well independentlySuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIChemistryCommunicationsComputersDraftingWelding** (HS TEC Program:WELD 029, 030, 031, 032, 033, 034,035, and 036)*Where available, check with school counselor** High School Classes held at San JuanCollege; students receive both high schooland college credit if they successfullycomplete the semester.Related ActivitiesJoin a welding clubLearn to read blueprintsCreate works of art using welding techniquesLearn to solderPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeWelding(1 & 2 year Certificate Programs)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesApprenticeshipsMilitaryRelated OccupationsAssemblerBoilermakerComputer Control ProgrammerFabricatorMachine OperatorMachinistSheet Metal WorkerTool and Die Maker52


Marketing, Sales & ServiceCareer ClusterDo you enjoy talking to and persuading people?Do you like working with ideas?Can you take an idea and turn it into a reality?This career cluster may be for you.A career inMarketingMarketing managers work with the advertising and promotionmanagers to set the overall marketing strategy for their company.In small companies these three managers may be only oneperson, the owner or CEO. A marketing strategy includes thepricing of items, a study of the market share, the determinationof the profit for the business, projecting who the typical customerswould be for the product. Marketing managers keep tract ofsales trends and help the company make decisions on when tocreate new products and/or to revamp a current product to increasesales and market share. Marketing managers need to understandtheir own company’s economics and abilities as well asanalyzing the competition to see if their company can compete ata profit.This career may be for you if you: can use tact to convince people to see things your way can be flexible but know when to stick to your guns are highly motivated and work well under pressure have the ability to make decisions have good communication skills, both verbal and written possess good judgment are able to establish and maintain effective personal relationshipswith supervisory and professional staff members and client firmsRelated OccupationsAdvertising Sales AgentBrand/Product PromoterBuyerEditorMarket Research AnalystPublic Relations SpecialistPurchasing AgentSales RepresentativeWriterSuggested High School Classes*AccountingAlgebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBusiness, Business MathCommunicationsComputers, KeyboardingEconomicsEnglishPsychology*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesBecome the President of a school clubPlan, organize, and conduct a fundraisingcampaign for your school or anon-profit community organizationLearn different computer software programs,especially spreadsheets and dataprocessingWork part-time in a retail store or for amarket research companyPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeMarketing (Certificate Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Business and Vocational Schools53


A career inReal EstateReal estate sales agents have a thorough knowledge of the real estatemarket in their communities. They are familiar with property appraisals,marketing, tax laws, local zoning and know how to obtainfinancing. Purchasing a home is usually one of the largest purchasesthe average person makes in their life time. Agents utilize computersystems to try and match up a customers needs and budget with whatis available on the market. Then, they take the buyer to a number ofhomes in order to assure that the customer will be happy with theirpurchase. Most agents sell residential property, but a small numberwill also sell commercial, industrial, agricultural, or other types ofreal estate. Commissions are paid by the seller when a property issold. Usually one agent represents the seller and another the buyerso the commission is shared between the two on a percent figuredout by those parties and the seller does not need to worry about whogets what. During the purchasing of a home the agent helps the purchaserunderstand all the paper work and usually goes with the purchaserto the closing of the property.This career could work for you if you: enjoy talking to a variety of people from all walks of life have strong time management, organization, and planning skills are self-motivated and don’t need someone to get you to do your work have good decision-making, problem-solving, and research skills are outgoing and self-confident are competitive and enjoy sales don’t mind working weekends and evenings are able to manage your money and save for the lean timesSuggested High School ClassesAlgebraBusinessCommunicationsComputersEconomicsGeographyMarketingSpeechRelated ActivitiesGet a part-time sales job where youneed to approach people to sell yourproductVolunteer to help with fund raisingfor a school clubJoin the debate teamRead magazines and journals relatedto real estate and land managementPost-High School EducationSan Juan College(Center for Workforce Training)Real Estate (License Classes)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesRelated OccupationsCommunity Association ManagerFinancial Services Sales AgentGeneral Sales RepresentativeInsurance Sales AgentReal Estate ManagerSecurities Sales AgentStock Broker54


A career inSalesSales representatives (sales reps) work to get customers, bothindividuals and other companies, to purchase their organization’sproducts and services. A sales rep can perform insidesales or outside sales. Inside sales reps spend most of their timeon the phone making sales and many times the client will callthem about the product. Outside sales reps will talk on thephone to set up appointments, but will generally meet face-tofacewith clients to give demonstrations, presentations, answerquestions, and try to convince their clients and potential clientsthat their company’s product or service is the one that will satisfythe client’s needs. Some sales may take only a short timeto make, but others can take months of contacts and negotiationsin order to land the sale. Sales representatives typicallywork either on commission or get a small salary along withcommissions or bonuses for their sales. Most reps have a quotadetermined by the company that they must meet. The quotasusually go up every year, so the sales rep is always on the outlookfor new customers. The sales representatives also need toknow all the details of every new product that their companydevelops. The complexity of the product will determine howmuch time the sales rep will need to spend in training.This career may be for you if you: enjoy convincing people that you are right have the ability to self motivate are outgoing and self-confident can handle rejection enjoy meeting new people don’t mind traveling are competitive can easily talk to people on the phone or face-to-face can easily talk to strangersSuggested High School Classes*Business, Business LawCommunicationsComputersForeign LanguagePsychologySpeech*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesGet a part-time sales job or a job thatentails a lot of telephone workJoin a club and be in charge of thefundraising activitiesLearn to use presentation software; suchas PowerPointSell ads for your school’s newspaper oryearbookJoin your school’s debate teamPost-High School EducationCommunity CollegesFour-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Business and VocationalSchoolsRelated OccupationsAdvertising ManagerBuyerFundraising DirectorFinancial Services Sales AgentInsurance AgentPromotions ManagerPublic Relations AgentReal Estate Agent55


Science, Technology, Engineering, &Mathematics Career ClusterDo you like to analyzing things to see how they work?Do you like reasoning, puzzle and number games?Do you see difficult questions as fun research challenges?This may be the career cluster for you.A career inEngineeringEngineers touch almost every facet of our lives. Almost every manmadeitem that we come into contact with was designed or developedby an engineer. Though many engineers concentrate on turningscientific discoveries into the creation of brand new products,many work on producing, testing, and maintaining products that wehave become used to having in our modern day society. Engineerswatch over the production in our factories making sure that productsare safe and cost effective for manufacturers. Most engineersspecialize in one area. The governments Standard OccupationalClassification (SOC) system lists 17 different engineer specifications,though there are groups that are recognized by professionalsocieties that are not in the SOC system. From biomedical engineersto mechanical engineers to petroleum engineers, the commonqualifications for this career field are a strong interest in math andscience; creativity, inquisitiveness, and a habit of being detail orientedwith an analytical mind. Being able to work as a team memberis also important as engineers need to interact with specialistsfrom around the world both in and outside of the engineering field.A 40 hour week in an office environment is typical for engineers,but as deadlines approach they may work longer hours. Engineersuse computers extensively on the job and must continually study tokeep up with new discoveries and changes in technology.This career may interest you if you: have a strong scientific and mathematical aptitude are curious by nature and have a great imagination can communicate well in speech and in writing, even withpeople in other disciplines can work well as a part of a team are detail-oriented and like research projects are willing to participate in continuous education can think of new and useful ways to use everyday productsSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra II,Trigonometry, CalculusBiology, Chemistry, PhysicsCommunicationsComputers, ProgrammingDrafting, Computer AssistedDrafting (CAD)*Where available; check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesJoin your school’s math, science orengineering clubRead scientific and engineeringpublicationsSolve mind puzzlesWatch the Discovery ChannelJob shadow or have an internship****Sometimes school counselors can help with thisPost-High School Education***San Juan CollegeEngineering (A.S. Degree Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitary***Even entry level careers require a bachelor’sdegree or higher in this career areaRelated OccupationsArchitectsAtmospheric ScientistsBiological ScientistsChemistsComputer ProgrammersHydrologistsMathematiciansPhysicists56


A career inGeologyGeologists study the composition, processes and history ofthe Earth. They use this knowledge to protect the environment;predict future geologic hazards; and offer advice onconstruction and land-use projects. Geologists work to findout how rocks were formed and what has happened to themsince their formation. Though some geologists spend the majorityof their time in an office, many others divide their timebetween fieldwork and office laboratory work. Long workinghours in the field is not unheard of in this profession.Geologists may need to travel to remote places and coverlarge areas on foot to study the Earth’s many different landscapesand rock formations. Exploration geologists work inforeign countries and sometimes under difficult conditions.Many geologists go into the oil and gas industry and becomepetroleum geologists or geophysicists who are responsiblefor analyzing and interpreting the information gathered fromexploration operations. These workers may work in a districtoffice of an oil company or are a part of a contractedexploration firm where they prepare and study geologicalmaps and analyze seismic data. They also may analyze samplesfrom test drillings.This career may excite you if you: have a strong scientific and mathematical aptitude like doing research have perseverance and curiosity can communicate well in speech and in writing, evenwith those in other disciplines can work independently or as part of a team enjoy traveling to areas of the world that might be remoteand without modern conveniences are detail-oriented are willing to participate in continuous education tokeep up with the latest developments in the fieldSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIBiology, Chemistry, PhysicsCommunicationsComputersForeign LanguagesForestry/Wildlife ScienceGeology, History*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesJoin your school science clubEnter your school’s science fairsVolunteer to assist your science teachersin gathering and identifying rocksJoin a local rock hounding groupWork part-time in a museumRead science publicationsOrganize a rock collection that explainsthe properties of eachPost-High School Education**San Juan CollegeGeology (A.S. Degree Program)Four-year Colleges or Universities**These careers usually require abachelor’s degree or higherRelated OccupationsCartographerGeological TechnicianHydrologistMineralogistPaleontologistPhotogeologistPetroleum EngineerSeismologistStratigrapherSurveyor57


A career inNatural Gas CompressionNatural gas technicians operate and maintain a variety of naturalgas fired engines and compressors. Technicians work on enginesthat range from 100 horsepower to over 6000 horsepower.Natural gas compression is used to transport natural gas fromthe gas wellhead to the processing plants. Finally, the compressionis used to deliver the gas to homes and businesses aroundthe country. The job opportunities in the natural gas field seemto be unlimited. Anywhere across America, where they are drillingfor natural gas, technicians are needed. Natural gas techniciansare also employed on offshore drilling rigs. Most naturalgas technician positions are located outdoors but some jobs mayrequire technicians to work in a shop situation. Technicians alsoutilize a variety of hand and power tools to accomplish the job.Some units that need repair may be quite a distance from theshop and technicians will need to travel many miles, sometimesacross dirt or muddy roads to get to the natural gas unit.This career may excite you if you: like working with your hands are able to solve problems can work alone without a lot of direction have a good driving record and have never had a DUI put safety before speed can communicate in orally and in writing don’t mind working outdoors in all types of weather are willing to participate in continuing education toupgrade skills are willing to follow company policiesSuggested High School Classes*AlgebraChemistryCommunications, Technical WritingComputers, KeyboardingForeign LanguagesGeologyPhysical Education*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesJoin your school science clubWork part-time in an oil and gas museumRead publications about the gas industryTake as CPR/First Aid classPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegePetroleum Technology Natural GasCompression(A.S. Degree Program)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Vocational SchoolsRelated OccupationsDerrick OperatorOil Well CementerPetroleum EngineerPetroleum Lease OperatorRotary DrillerRoughneckRoustaboutWell Puller58


A career inPetroleum Lease OperationsLease operators, also known as pumpers, gaugers, or switchers,are employees in the oil and gas production industry who work inthe field monitoring and operating wells on a daily basis. Theyare the backbone of the industry. They are responsible for thesafe, efficient, and economical production of their wells. Theirskills and abilities have direct impact on production levels for thecompany and thus on the companies profits. Operators operateand maintain motors, pumps, and other surface equipment thatforces gas and oil from wells and regulates the flow according toa schedule set by supervisors. Where gas and oil flow under naturalpressure and do not require pumping, they open and closevalves to regulate the flow. Operators are also responsible formeasuring and recording the flow, and taking samples to checkquality. Most of an operator’s job is performed outside in alltypes of weather. Operators must have a good driving record asthey spend time traveling from well to well and do a lot of highwaytime traveling to and returning from the field.This career could be a possibility for you if you: enjoy working with your hands can work independently or as part of a team are willing to participate in continuous education to keep upwith the latest developments in the field are willing to work with potential health and safety hazards don’t mind working outside in all types of weather have a good driving record and have never had a DUI are detail minded and organized are able to analyze information and data can communicate orally and in writing with a variety of people can think creatively and have a positive attitude can think of safety before speed are willing to follow company policiesSuggested High School Classes*AlgebraCommunications, Technical WritingComputers, Keyboarding, MicrosoftGeologyPhysical EducationWelding*Where available, check with your schoolcounselorRelated ActivitiesParticipate in weight lifting to enhancebody strengthRead materials that relate to the oilindustryAttend the speakers set up by the localAPI ChapterLearn to use a Day TimerTake a CPR and First Aid ClassDo some volunteer work to showcommitment to communityPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeLease Operator (A.A.S. Degree andCertificate Programs)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Trade SchoolRelated OccupationsDerrick OperatorIndustrial Process OperatorNatural Gas TechnicianOil Well CementerPetroleum EngineerRotary DrillerRoughneckWell Puller59


A career inRenewable EnergyThere is a strong interest in renewable energy due to the awareness ofincreasing fuel costs, dependence on foreign energy supplies and environmentaldamage from fossil fuels. Three of the many types of renewableenergy resources are photovoltaics, solar thermal, and windpower. Photovoltaics is the direct conversion of sunlight into electricityusing no moving parts. Solar Thermal systems harness energydirectly form the sun, either passively or actively. A passive systeminvolves designing buildings and installing materials to capture andstore the sun’s energy. Active systems use the sun’s energy to heat upfluids in solar collectors which are then pumped to where heat isneeded. The energy in Wind Power is converted to electricity by awind turbine. Currently there is a shortage of qualified workers to supportthe rapidly growing renewable energy industry, especially inphotovoltics. Jobs include salespeople in charge of marketing and sellingsystems, system designers who specify which equipment is to beused, installers that actually build and install systems, and technicalsales and support personnel who represent equipment distributors ormanufacturers. Working with any of these three renewable energy areasrequire that decisions be made about the type of equipment to beutilized for the project, locating the best placement of equipment, andthe installation of the equipment.This career may interest you if you: enjoy working with your hands can work independently or as part of a team can lift up to 50 pounds are willing to participate in continuous education tokeep up with the latest developments in the field don’t mind working outside and on roof tops are detail minded and organized can communicate with a variety of people can think creativelySuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra II,TrigonometryChemistry, PhysicsCommunicationsComputersElectronicsWelding*Where available, check with your schoolcounselorRelated ActivitiesJoin your school’s science or environmentalclubGet a part-time job in an electronicsstoreRead books or magazines on energyconservationPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeRenewable Energy(A.A.S. Degree and CertificatePrograms)Four-year Colleges orUniversitiesRelated OccupationsArchitectBuilding InspectorEnergy AuditorEngineerHeating, Ventilation, and AirConditioning TechnicianHome Performance ContractorTechnical Sales Person60


Transportation, Distribution & LogisticsCareer ClusterDo you enjoy working with your hands?Do you like to figure out a better way of doing things?Do you like to pay attention to details?This career cluster may be for you.A career inAuto BodyAutomotive body technicians, also called collision repairtechnicians, fix cars by straightening bent vehicle bodies,removing dents, and replacing crumpled parts that aretoo damaged to be fixed. Automotive body techniciansclamp frames and sections of the automobile to alignmentmachines and use hydraulic pressure to fix damagedcomponents. In some instances technicians removedamaged sections with a pneumatic metal-cutting gunand then weld replacement sections into place. Technicianscan also fix small dents and even fix small pits.There are a few technicians who specialize in repairingfiberglass car bodies. As body shops grow in size technicianstend to become more specialized in one type ofrepair.This career could be for you if you: are mechanically-inclined have good verbal communication skills like to work with your hands have a love and thorough knowledge of cars can read and understand technical manuals are accurate and detail-oriented are willing to continuously upgrade your knowledgeand skills can assume responsibility and work independentlyor as part of a teamSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry**Auto Body (HS TEC Program:AUBO 010, 011, 015, 016,)ChemistryCommunicationsComputersPhysical EducationWeldingWhere available, check with school counselorHigh School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school and college creditat the successful completion of each semester.Related ActivitiesJoin an automotive clubAttend car showsIncrease physical strength with fitness trainingWork part-time in an auto body shop or a cardealershipPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeAuto Body(A.A. Degree and Certificate Programs)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesApprenticeshipMilitaryPrivate Vocational SchoolsRelated OccupationsAutomotive Service TechnicianAuto Damage Insurance AppraiserDiesel MechanicPainting and Coating WorkerService Manager Estimator61


A career inAutomotive TechnologyAutomobiles are becoming very sophisticated and contain morecomputer chips than in days gone by. This technology change hasmore or less eliminated the backyard mechanic. Today we need ahighly trained automotive service technician when somethinggoes wrong with our cars and light trucks. Technicians use expensiveequipment to diagnose problems in the mechanical, electrical,and electronic systems. In addition to computers, techniciansuse different types of diagnostic equipment, as well as hand andpower tools. Figuring out what is wrong with a vehicle is a lotlike solving puzzles in that a technician needs to be patient andhave the ability to try a different solution if the first one fails tocorrect the problem. Technicians do more that fix problems, theyalso try to prevent them. When a customer brings in the car forroutine service the technician will follow a checklist for the inspectionand makes sure that all parts are lubricated and wornparts are replaced before there is a breakdown. In small shops atechnician will do general repairs, but in a large dealership theywill often specialize in one area of repair. Except for the verylarge pieces of equipment, technicians are expected to have theirown tools.This career may be for you if you: love to work with your hands and are mechanically-inclined can communicate with a wide range of people don’t mind getting your hands dirty enjoy solving problems can read and understand technical manuals are persistent, accurate and detail-oriented are willing periodically go back to school to increase yourknowledge and skills can assume responsibility are able to work independently or as part of a teamSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, PhysicsAutomotive Technology**(HS TEC Program: AUTE 001, 002, 011,012, 013, 014, 015, 016, 017, 018 and 019)CommunicationsComputersElectronicsPhysical Science* Where available, check with school counselor** High School Classes held at San JuanCollege; students receive both high schooland college credit at the successful completionof each semester.Related ActivitiesJoin an automotive clubWork part-time at a service stationRepair and maintain your family car,truck, or motorcyclePost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeAutomotive Technology (A.A.S. Degreeand Certificate Programs)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesApprenticeship ProgramMilitaryPrivate Vocational SchoolRelated OccupationsAircraft MechanicAuto Body TechnicianAutomotive Sales PersonClaims AdjusterDiesel MechanicService ManagerSmall Engine MechanicRepair Estimator62


A career inAviationPilots earn a license to fly by meeting standards established bythe FAA for fixed–wing or helicopter training. Commercial pilotswho work for airlines or cargo carriers must typically meetflight minimums for the amount of total flight time a companyrequires in order to apply for pilot positions with the carrier.Commercial flight is highly regulated by the FAA. Pilots workin a number of aviation sectors: crop dusting, reforestation, aircrafttesting, search and rescue operations, corporate flying,charter and scenic operations, as well as fly for personal andbusiness reasons. By law, commercial airline pilots cannot flymore than 100 hours a bid (which is approximately a month) ormore than 1,000 hours a year. Most pilots work several days onand then have several days off; weekends are extremely busyand many pilots work during that time. Depending on the route,pilots can expect to be away from home and will need to be ableto deal with overnight layovers. This lifestyle can be difficult,but also financially rewarding. Airlines operate flights at allhours of the day and night; work schedules are often irregular.This career could work for you if you: have a passion for flying love to travel are emotionally stable and mature can make quick decisions under pressure are in excellent physical health have very good vision are detail minded can follow rules and other people’s directions are able to assume responsibility and have good leadership skills can accept working away from home; evenings, weekends andholidaysSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry, Algebra IIAviationCommunicationsComputersPhysics*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesJoin your local Civil Air Patrol CommandWork part-time at a small airportBuild and operate model planesJoin the AV Scholars program**Post-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeAviation (A.S. Degree)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesPrivate Business and Vocational SchoolsMilitary**To join AV Scholars go to:www.avscholars.comRelated OccupationsAir Traffic ControllerFlying InstructorFlight EngineerNavigatorSafety Regulator63


A career inDiesel TechnologyDiesel service technicians repair and maintain diesel enginesin trucks, busses and locomotives. Some also work on heavyvehicles such as bulldozers, cranes, tractors and combines;and lighter vehicles such as automobiles, light trucks andboats. Technicians must be versatile in order to adapt to newtechnologies and customers’ needs. Usually no two days arealike with working on electrical components one day and amajor engine repair the next. As diesel engines have becomemore and more complex, technicians must regularly learnnew techniques to do necessary repairs. Technicians use avariety of tools on their job which may include pneumaticwrenches, lathes, grinding machines, flame cutting equipmentand common hand tools—screwdrivers, pliers, andwrenches. Computers are playing a larger role in diesel repairwith the multitude of computerized components associatedwith modern engines and the equipment used to diagnoseand trouble shoot engine repair.This career may be for you if you: are mechanically-inclined have good verbal communication skills like to work with your hands can quickly and accurately diagnose and solve problems can read and understand technical manuals are accurate and detail-oriented are willing to continuously upgrade your knowledge and skills can assume responsibility and work independently or as part of ateam willing to work outside at times on broken down trucksRelated OccupationsAircraft MechanicAuto Body RepairerAutomotive TechnicianTruck Sales AssociateClaim AdjusterService Manager EstimatorSmall Engine MechanicSuggested High School Classes*Algebra, Geometry**Diesel Technology(HS TEC Program:DIME 001, 002, 010, and 040)CommunicationsComputersElectronicsPhysical Science, Physics*Where available, check with school counselor**High School Classes held at San Juan College;students receive both high school and collegecredit at the successful completion of each semester.Related ActivitiesJoin your school’s automotive clubWork part-time at a service station, autorepair or service shopRepair and maintain your family lawnmower, car, or motorcycleLearn to drive a stick shiftLearn about hydraulicsPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeDiesel Technology (A.A.S. Degree andCertificate Programs)Four-year Colleges or UniversitiesMilitaryPrivate Vocational Schools64


A career inTruck DrivingThe truck transportation and warehousing industry provides alink between manufactures and consumers. Whether businessesutilize trucking that is general freight, local, long-distance, orspecialized freight trucks and their drivers are critical to theprocess. Truck drives must cope with a variety of working conditionssuch as weather and traffic, boredom and fatigue. Todeliver their cargo on time many truck drivers will travel atnight, on holidays and on weekends which helps them to avoidthe heaviest of the traffic. Sometimes truck drivers use a forklift to load and unload their cargo. Long distance truck driversenjoy their independence and working without direct supervisionthat being on the road provides. Because they spend manynights away from home their trucks may be equipped with refrigerators,televisions and small beds. Local drivers have predeterminedroutes and are usually home every night. Thoughmany jobs in this industry do not require a college degree,training after high school is helpful. There are usually specialclasses of licenses that need to be obtained to be a truck driverand hands-on coursework can help a driver get the license.This career may excite you if you: are a good driver with a clean driving record can think quickly in an emergency driving situation understand the road system and have a good sense of direction enjoy being alone most of the time are happy behind the steering wheel of a truck don’t mind sitting/driving for many hoursSuggested High School Classes*AlgebraCommunicationsDiesel TechnologyGeographyPhysical Education*Where available, check with school counselorRelated ActivitiesTake charge of mapping out a drivingroute for family vacationsStudy maps from your community andother large citiesLearn the rules of the roadLearn to drive a stick shiftPost-High School EducationSan Juan CollegeCDL (Certificate Program)Private Vocational SchoolsMilitaryRelated OccupationsBus DriverChauffeurDispatcherFreight and Material MoverLaborerPackage HandlerTaxi DriverTractor OperatorTruck Driver HelperWarehousing LiftTruck Operator65


San Juan College’s Career Services Departmentwould like to acknowledge the College’s Marketing Department for theirassistance with this booklet and San Juan College’s Foundationfor their monetary support.How the Department of Education’s 16 Fit into New Mexico’s 7Different agencies tend to group Career Clusters in different ways. Neither way is wrong; theyare just different ways of organizing careers to fit the scope of different geographical regions.New Mexico has arranged their careers into 7 clusters. The below shows how the Departmentof Education’s clusters fit into New Mexico’s. You may notice that some of the 16 fall intomore than 1 of the 7.Arts and EntertainmentArts, A/V Technology and CommunicationsMarketing, Sales & ServiceBusiness ServicesBusiness, Management & AdministrationEducation & TrainingFinanceGovernment & Public AdministrationHuman ServicesInformation TechnologyLaw, Public Safety & SecurityCommunications and InformationArts A/V Technology and CommunicationsMarketing, Sales & ServiceEnergy and Environmental TechnologiesAgriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesArchitecture and ConstructionManufacturingScience, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsTransportation, Distribution & LogisticsEngineering, Construction andManufacturing and AgricultureAgriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesArchitecture and ConstructionManufacturingScience, Technology, Engineering &MathematicsTransportation, Distribution & LogisticsHealth and BiosciencesAgriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesArchitecture and ConstructionHealth ScienceManufacturingScience, Technology, Engineering &MathematicsTransportation, Distribution & LogisticsHospitality and TourismHospitality & TourismTo do additional career research on your own, check out the following websites:http://jobs.careerbuilder.com/al.ic/NewMexico/www.quintcareers.com/career_research_checklist.htmlwww.workinnewmexico.gov/www.sanjuancollege.edu/careerservices ~~ Click on Career SheetsSources: Northwest Suburban Education to Careers Partnership, Guide to Planning for Your Future. 2003 ed.;New Mexico’s State Career Clusters website; and the knowledge of San Juan College’s faculty and staff.

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines