Recreational FisheriesManagement in the USAMichael KellyNOAA National Marine FisheriesServicesMichael.firstname.lastname@example.org
Our MissionStewardship of living marine resources throughscience-based conservation and managementand the promotion of healthy ecosystems.
Recreational Sea Angling in the USA2005 Profile• Over 14 million participants• Over 93 million fishing trips last year• Fifth most popular outdoor activity• Over 135 thousand metric tons landed per year• Economic impact of more than $30 billion• Over $22 billion in related expenditures• More than 349,000 jobs supported• Over $12 billion in related personal income
Recreational and Commercial HarvestTop Recreational SpeciesTotal Harvest (in 1,000’s of pounds)RecreationalCommercialStriped Bass 13,463 6,715Bluefish 12,778 8,299Summer Flounder 12,523 15,170Dolphinfish 12,113 917Red Drum 9,850 12Spotted Seatrout 9,544 585King & Cero Mackerel 8,721 4,881Atlantic Croaker 8,213 25,304Yellowtail 5,698 245Yellowfin Tuna 5,607 17,124
Recreational Fisheries in the USA• Over half of all fish caught arereturned alive• Largest organized constituency ofNOAA• Continued expansion expected– Florida 88% increase since 1981– California 25% increase since 1993
Recreational Fisheries in the USA• First annual meeting of BillfishTournament Directors - November 2006• Closure of EZZ to Striped Bass fishing• Circle hooks in Atlantic BillfishTournaments• Turning Management Adversaries intoPartners
Recreational Fisheries in the USAThe Ethical Angler:• Promotes, through education and practice, ethical behavior in the use of aquatic resources.• Values and respects the aquatic environment and all living things in it.• Avoids spilling, and never dumps, any pollutants, such as gasoline and oil, into the aquaticenvironment.• Disposes of all trash, including worn-out lines, leaders, and hooks, in appropriate containers,and helps to keep fishing sites litter-free.• Takes all precautionary measures necessary to prevent the spread of exotic plants andanimals, including live baitfish, into non-native habitats.• Learns and obeys angling and boating regulations, and treats other anglers, boaters, andproperty owners with courtesy and respect.• Respects property rights, and never trespasses on private lands or waters.• Keeps no more fish than needed for consumption, and never wastefully discards fish thatare retained.• Practices conservation by carefully handling and releasing alive all fish that are unwanted orprohibited by regulation, as well as other animals that may become hooked or entangledaccidentally.• Uses tackle and techniques which minimize harm to fish when engaging in "catch andrelease" angling.
U.S. Marine Recreational FisheryEconomic Impacts Top Ten StatesFlorida4,911California1,628North CarolinaWashingtonLouisianaMassachusettsNew JerseyMarylandOregonNew York1,0739457384874824183923780 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000Economic Impacts in Millions of Dolla
Pattern for Marine FisheriesManagement• Regional Fishery Management Councils prepare fisherymanagement plans(FMP) for fisheries within theirrespective jurisdictions.• The Secretary of Commerce approves the FMPs, andthen implements them by regulation, carries them out andenforces them.• The Councils and the Secretary each have responsibilitiesfor ongoing monitoring of fisheries.• Amendment of FMPs follows same pattern.
Challanges• Marine Recreational Fishing Data• Improve Management: lack of understandingconcerning the state of the resource• Unhappy constituents: Lack of trust and low anglerparticipation in management process.• Allocation between users• Poor communication
NOAA’s s Recreational FisheriesApproach• Improved service to the recreational community• Increase recreational participation in NOAA processes• Promote stewardship of ocean resources• Improved management ofrecreational species andtheir habitats• Promote recreational fishingopportunities and access
The PlanScienceNeed to develop better dataNeed to include community in scienceManagementGetting managers the data they needGetting anglers to the tableCommunications2 way
Plan Implementation• Aggressive, Regional Implementation– New coordinators, New coalitions– Regional inventory, regional priority setting• Responsive program development• New regional scale efficiencies• Broader pressure on Congress for new funds
Current Efforts• MSA Reauthorization• New Federal Saltwater License– Need for consistent data from the States• Hiring new regional coordinators• Created 2 Regional Teams: Californiaand Gulf of Mexico
Challenges• Entrenched Commercial Interests– Cultural Institution• Diffusion of saltwater recreationalcommunity– Larger than commercial• Data collection• Recreational or non-commercial
Development Opportunities• Provide new opportunities for great fishing experiences indestination locations• Recreational Fisheries Development– Assessments of appropriate regions• Biological assessments• Economic, cultural, political assessment– Replacing small boat traditional fisheries with recreational fleet• Exporting technology to diminish bycatch of non-target speciesand post release mortality• Improve data sharing between regions
World Recreational Fisheries ConferenceInternational Game Fish AssociationDania Beach, Florida USA2008
8 Fishery Management CouncilsPortland, ORPacific FisheryManagementCouncilSaugus, MANew EnglandFisheryManagementCouncilDover, DEMid-Atlantic FisheryManagementCouncilCharleston, SCSouth AtlanticFisheryManagementCouncilAnchorage, AKNorth PacificFisheryManagementCouncilHonolulu, HIWestern PacificFisheryManagementCouncilHato Ray, PuertoRico CaribbeanFisheryManagementCouncilTampa, FLGulf of MexicoFisheryManagementCouncil
Fishery Management Councils• M-S Act created 8 regional fisherymanagement councils.• Councils funded through Congressionalappropriations.• Council system provides primarystakeholders substantial role in managingfisheries and resources.
NOAA Fisheries Around the USANorthwest RegionRegional Office: Seattle, WAScience Center: Seattle, WALaboratoriesSeattle, WANewport, ORAlaska RegionRegional Office: Juneau, AKScience Center: Seattle, WA (Sand Point)LaboratoriesSeattle, WAAuke Bay, AKKodiak, AKNOAA FisheriesField StructureNortheast RegionRegional Office: Gloucester, MAScience Center: Woods Hole, MALaboratoriesWoods Hole, MANarragansett, RIMilford, CTHighlands, NJWashington, DCHeadquartersSilver Spring, MDSouthwest RegionRegional Office: Long Beach, CAScience Center: La Jolla, CALaboratoriesLa Jolla, CASanta Cruz, CAPacific Grove, CAPacific Islands RegionRegional Office: Honolulu, HIScience Center: Honolulu, HILaboratory: Honolulu, HISoutheast RegionRegional Office: St. Petersburg, FLScience Center: Miami, FLLaboratoriesMiami, FLBeaufort, NCPanama City, FLPascagoula, MSGalveston, TX
Overview:Magnuson-Stevens ActEnacted in 1976 as Fishery Conservation andManagement Act, later re-named Magnuson, thenMagnuson-Stevens.Primary law for conserving and managing fisheriesresources in Federal waters (EEZ).States still responsible for managing fishery resourceswithin state waters.
Magnuson-Stevens ActHistory:• Phase out of foreign fishing.• Develop domestic fisheries.• It’s worked! Percentage of fish harvested by foreignnations has declined from 71% in 1977 to near zeropercent since 1992.• Sustainable Fisheries Act amended Act in 1996.Emphasis now on conservation.
Employment in U.S. Commercial vs.Recreational Fishing Industries(includes processors and wholesalers)
Recreational Sea Anglingin the U.S.Michael Kelly, ChiefNational Marine Fisheries ServiceRecreational Fisheries
Recreational Fishing in the U.S.2005 Profile• 11 Million anglers• 93 million trips (excluding Alaska andTexas)
Applications – 50% Reductionin the Red Snapper Bag Limit1: Reduction in Keepfrom 4 to 2 FishChanges inExpendituresTarget Species2003EffortShareChangeEffortChangeAverageTrip CostTotalExpenditureChangeGrouper 32,418 -1.05% -340 $67.20 -$22,874Red Snapper 18,891 -5.18% -979 $89.01 -$87,101King Mackerel 35,851 1.83% 656 $69.09 $45,328Dolphin 17,556 2.51% 441 $50.60 $22,297No Trip 1.90% -359 $68.98 -$24,757Net Loss-581 -$67,107Welfare EffectsCV per Trip$132.28Welfare Loss$2,498,901Expenditures andSales Impacts -$150,521.01Income Impacts-$51,052.45Job Losses -1.74
Angler Expenditures• Total expenditures $22.6 in 2000– Total trip expenditures $3.5 billion– Total durable expenditures $19.2 billion• Top states:– Florida $8.4 billion– California $2.5 billion– North Carolina $1.6 billion– Washington $1.4 billion– Louisiana $1.2billion
Tsunamis and Hurricanes• Tsunami of 2005– Difficulty in assessing impacts on recreationalfishing community– Rebuilding for sustainable use• Hurricane Katrina– Difficulty in assessing impacts on recreationalfishing community– Rebuilding for sustainable use• Infrastructure - more than a boat and a cooler