Nov-Dec 1968 – Jan 1969 - Navy League of Australia
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Nov-Dec 1968 – Jan 1969 - Navy League of Australia

NOV., DEC., JAN. 1968/69togislorvd In Australia for Trantmlitlen by Past at aPeriodical20 cents

In the world oflifting end hoistingFAVCG isalmosteverywhereTHE NAVYThe magazine of the Navy League of Australia(Registered >n Australia for transmission by post as a Periodical)Vol. 30 NOVEMBER-DECEMBER-JANUARY, 1968-1969 No. 4CONTENTSPageNavy Ship to Shore W/T Moreton A.S.C.C. and R.A.N.R. SchoolPageBay, 1903 3 Cadets News 53. „ _ Defence Report, 1968—The RoyalNautical Notes from all Compass .Australian Navy. 59Points 7Exercise Silver Sands 73Book Review — Naval Policy _ , . . , -A Glimpse of our Maritime Future 77between the Wars 31Book Review: The Landing atRoyal Thai Navy — A Review 33 Veracrui, 1914 79Plus sundry stories and photographsThe views expressed in articles appearing in this publication are those of the authors concernedThey do not necessarily represent the views of the editor, the Navy League, or officialopinions or policyPublished by the Navy League of Australia, 66 Clarence Street, Sydney, N.S.W., 2000, Tel.: 29-6531Postal Address Box 1719, G.P.O., Sydney, N.S.W., 2001EDITOR: Dennis P. Trickett, Esq., Box CI 78, Clarance Street Post Office, Sydney, N.S.W., 2000,Australia.ADVERTISING AND PUBLICATION: PERCIVAL PUBLISHING CO. PTY. LTD.SYDNEY MELBOURNE ADELAIDE BRISBANE PERTH HOBART108 Henderson Rd. 17 Elizabeth St 17 Currie St. S46 Queen St. 63 St George's Tee 152 Collins St.Alexandria. 2015 Melbourne. 3000 Adelaide. 5000 Brisbane. 4000 Perth 6000 Hobart, 7000Phone: 69-6231 Phone: 62-641) Phone 51-6225 Phone: 31-2531 Phone: 23-2031 Phone: 23-732The ever increasing demand lor efficient cargohandling facilities, particularly the many new portand wharf installations around the Australiancoastline, presents another challenge for Favco'singenuity. Here you will see Favco's totally encloseddeck cranes, hydraulic winches, guyed derricks,and Favco's latest, the Universal WharfCrane with built-in automatic latching, specially tomeet the demands of container handling.Favco is a name you see almost everywhere thereis a lifting job to be done.Australian-made Favco Tower Cranes, the largestof their kind in the world, have been selected forthe construction of the World Trads Centre, NewYork, which will be the world's tallest building.Favco equipment has been designed, developedand made in Australia to suit Australian conditionsand safety standards — the most rigid in the world.If you have a hoisting job that needs equipmentwith speed, economy, capacity, control andstability —Contact:FAVELLE MORI LIMITED300-310 Botany Road. Alexandria. N.S W 2015Phone 69 6651

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Endthe oil spill menace with Galvaing Floating Safety Barrierand Gamlen Oil Spill Remover.FIRE RISK0 GAMLENMINIMISEDIn the case ol oil spillage catching fire on the water, GalvaingFloating Safety Barrier, designed to withstand a temperature of3,000 F. will still contain it and the burning oil can then beattacked, quenched and the remainder treated with Gamlen OilSpillage Remover.CHEMICAL COMPANY(A/SIA) PTY. LTD.(A member of the World-Wide Ritter Pfaudler Group of Companies)Head Office and Laboratories: 17-23 Carlotta St.. Artarmon, 2064. 43 317$ (3 lines). 43 7M3. 43 4545Marine Operations Division: A.O.C. House. 77 Pacific Highway. North Sydney. 2080. §2 3333BRANCHES AND AGENTS IN EVERY PORT OF THE COMMONWEALTH.N.S.W. Newcastle 61 5033: Wollongong: 9 0274. VICTORIA. Melbourne: 42 2000, 42 6136, 42 47UO;Geelong: 72 560. SOUTH AUSTRALIA. Adelaide: 57 9442. 57 3850. QUEENSLAND. Brisbane: 2 9286;Cairns: 51 1044; Bundabcrg: 2 481; Gladstone 2 2154: Townsville: 2 051. TASMANIA. Hobart: 2 7861;Launceston: 2 2391. WESTERN AUSTRALIA Perth: 87 1957; Albany: 1 958; Bunbury: 2 344.NORTHERN TERRITORY. Darw.n 2 871. ALSO NEW ZEALAND: Gamlen Chemical Co (N.Z.) PtyLtd Auckland: 59 8933. 59 9671; Wellington (Lower Hutt): 64 550. INDIA: Gamlen Chemical Co.(A asia) Ltd.. Calcutta: 23 9571: Bombay: 53 4744 FIJI: 2 2616. TERRITORY OF NEW GUINEA ANDPAPUA. Port Moresby. 5 216: RabauL 2876: Lae: 2232 And at SINGAPORE.Page Two THE NAVY November-December-January, 1968-69Navy Ship to Shore W'TMoreton Bay, 1903Early in the year 1900, CaptainWalton Drake. R.N., the Commandantof the Queensland MarineDefence Force, having requestedthat another Officer be appointedin his stead, an approach was madeto Captain W. R. Crcswell, at thattime Commandant in South Australiaand in command of thecolony's gunboat PROTECTOR.Captain Creswell had. previously,a colourful career in the suppressionof pirates off the Spanish and Portuguesecoasts, spoke PortugueseBy COMMANDER N. S. PIXIEY, M.B.E., V.R.D., R.A.N.R. (Retired)fluently and retired from Ihe RoyalNavy to follow a diplomatic career.However, he rejoined the Navy andwas appointed to South Australia.He accepted the appointment toQueensland and became Commandantin May 1900, relievingCaptain Drake, who subsequentlybecame administrator of NorfolkIsland and. incidentally, was responsiblefor finding, recoveringand despatching to Sydney theSIRIUS' anchor.Queensland had the gunboatsHMOS GAVUNDAH In Mor.ton Boy — 1903. Not. the bamboo for* topmoil t.l.graphyGAYUNDAH and PALUMA, thetorpedo boat MOSQUITO, togetherwith a number of auxiliary vessels.OA April 10. 1901, a report whichappeared in the Brisbane "Courier"slates: "Mr. Nikola Testa's apparatusfor sending wireless messagesacross the Atlantic Ocean: A receiverand transmitter, with theearth as a connecting medium. Thetransmitter receives electrical energyfrom the source of supply, intensitiesit and serves it into the earththrough which it passes in all directions.""The cost of telegraphing messageswith it." Mr. Testa says, "willbe much less than cabling andmessages may he sent morequickly.'On March 26. 1902, a noticeappeared in the Brisbane "Courier"advising that a course of lectnreson electricity would be given byMr. E. C. Barton. M.I.E.E.. thesubject of the first lecture being"Wireless Telegraphy in Regard toSubmarine Cables." The lecture tobe illustrated with specially prepareddiagrams: "A set of HartzRadiators and a Bramley Cohererwill be shown at work forming acomplete Marconi apparatus on asmall scale suitable to lecture roompurposes."The following day the "Courier"reported: "A large audience, consistingmainly of students, attendedMr. Barton's lecture in the TechnicalCollege, Marconi versus Cables. . intensely interesting . . . Atthe outset Mr. Barton successfullydemonstrated the reality of Marconi'sdiscoveries and the discoveriesof those who went before him. byshowing an apparatus built by himselfon Marconi's system in fullworking order ... Mr. Barton wenton to say that, for one thing theMarconi system was too slowthirty-two letters per minute wasNovombor-Docombor-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY Pago Thro*

FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS . . . INDUSTRIAL, COMMERCIAL AND DOMESTIC!Simply specifycablesits limit, while a cable 3000 mileslong could carry 600 words perminute. Besides this. Marconi hadalso to face the difficulty that anenemy could set up an apparatusto send messages that could makehis messages unintelligible but this.Mr. Barton said, would no doubt,in time, be remedied. 'At this stage Captain Creswellbecame interested: He had on hisstaff Chief Gunners (T) H. B. Milesand J. Thorn, in addition to Sub-Lieutenant Sidney Smith nf th«Queensland Naval Brigade, whowas Chief Mechanist in the ElectricTelegraph Office.With the assistance of Mr. J.Hesketh. Chief Electrical Engineer.Electric Telegraph Department, theteam went to work and. by April.1903. all was ready for the testswith the Marconi System of WirelessTelegraphy, as it was called.St. Mary's Anglican Church atKangaroo Point, on the cliff abovethe naval stores, allowed a highbamboo mast and a galvanised shedto house the "Marconi apparatus"to be erected in its grounds.GAYUNDAH. fitted with a loftybamboo topmast and the W/Tequipment, sailed in company withPALUMA for Moreton Bay toundergo gunnery and other exercisesincluding, of course, the greatexperiment with the new system ofwireless communication!SUCCESSThe "Courier" on Friday. April10. 1903. reports: "Last evening thefollowing message was received perpigeon post from our special representativeon board the GAYUN-DAH: "GAYUNDAH and PALUMA anchored one and a halfmiles south Tangalooma Point —— weather fine, but very hot —perfect communication maintainedwith Marconi apparatus — MarconiPole stripped to refit as it is slightlybent."History had been made: Eventhe reporter on board had gainedsufficient confidence in the newmethod to discard the pigeon post,for his next message, as we readin the "Courier" next day, April 11:"At 9.30 p.m. last night our specialrepresentative on board GAYUN-DAH sent the following Marconigram:"Gun drill continued this afternoonand was fairly successful —blowing squally and raining —prize firing tomorrow. Marconi insulatorswere interfered with byrain but easily rectified and communicationsince has been good —Good night."SEQUELIn a lecture on wireless telegraphygiven by Mr. Hesketh on November14. 1903. he said. "Through thecourtesy of Captain Creswell. hehad obtained the loan of the NavalAuthorities' Marconi apparatus."After giving a short evaluation ofthe history of the subject, he wenton to say that, while he consideredit most valuable for signalling betweenships, between ships and thecoast, or for isolated lighthouseswhere cables were not possibleowing to rough water and rockybottom, he did not think for amoment it could replace communicationby wires where wires undernormal conditions could be erected.In addition to experience gained in its own planton manufacturing processes and technical mattersrelated to power cables, Cable Makers Australia Pty.Ltd. has been able to draw a wealth of informationfrom overseas associates with 150 years' experience.Moreover, by maintaining a very high degree ofquality control through every process, the companyhas been able to maintain the excellent standardwhich has made cables of CM.A. brand renownedthroughout the world.CABLE MAKERS AUSTRALIA PTY. LTD.K Liverpool, N.S.W.; Strathpint, Queensland; Elizabeth, SouthAustralia; Perth, Western Australia9Write for comprehensive illustrated catalogueC W. CHATER1-6 Reid StreetKANGAROO POINT, QLD.* MARINE PLUMBER AND SHEETMETAL MANUFACTURERAll Plumbing and Sheet Metal Workon Ships•Phone (3 lines) 91-3316KELLY'SROADHOUSK(A. A. & A. L. MILNE, Props.)148 GYMPIE ROADTINANA, QLD.MOTEL & CARAVAN PARK—SELFCONTAINED UNITS —CAFE, SPECIALISINGIN SNACKS FOR THE ROAD24 Hour Service — 7 days a weekfor FUEL and OILSPhone: Maryborough 4681Page FourNovember-December-January, 1968-69November-December-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY Poge Rve

CAMBRIDGE CREDIT 8 1 %CORPORATION UMITEDIncorporated under the Companies Act of N.S.W. on 8th March, 1950DEBENTURE STOCK3 Months ... 5% p.a. 2 Years 71% pa.6 Months 6% p.a. 3 Years 8% p.a.12 Months 7% p.a. 4, 6 or 10 Years 81% p.a.UNSECUREDNOTES1 Month 5% p.a. 1 Year 71% p.a.3 Months 51% p.a. 2 Years 8% p.a.6 Months 61% p.a. 3 Years 81% p.a.HOW TOINVESTAPPLICATIONS can only be accepted on the form attached to, and referred to, inthe PROSPECTUS which may be obtained from: Any Branch of THE BANK OFN.S.W.; Any Member of THE STOCK EXCHANGE; THE COMPANY'S OFFICE,Cambridge House, 440-442 Queen Street, BrisbaneREGISTERS:SYDNEY, MELBOURNE, BRISBANE, ADELAIDE, CANBERRA, NEWCASTLENautical Notes from all Compass PointsBy SONARARGENTINAvessels at the Portchester shipyard On January 11, 1962. the ArgentineMacchi MB-326Gand two at the Group's repair yardEmbassy in London announcedArgentine Naval Air Arm hasat Northam, Southampton.that it had decided to place ordeisadopted a special version of the The four ships are being commissionedas a squadron under the the construction of four generalwith British shipbuilding firms forMacchi MB-326G. DesignatedMB-326K, the Argentine versioncommand of Commander Boris purpose frigates of the LEANDERhas a max. takeoff weight ofIvan Marienhoff, Argentine Navy. class, two from J. Samuel White11,500 lb and a simplified avionics They have all been fitted with & Co. Ltd., Isle of Wight, and twosystem. The life in TOW from the Vosper activated-fin stabiliser from Yarrow & Co. Ltd., Scotstoun,and six coastal minesweepers10,250 lb provides for extra fuelby the Hydraulic Power Division ofcapacity and the considerably increasedrange which is a featurethe Vosper-Thornycroft Group. of the "Ton" class from John I.This acquisition of six coastal Thornycroft & Co. Ltd., Woolston.of the MB-326K performance.minesweepers is only a small part But only a few months later, onWarships from the Royal Navyof a massive programme to reequipthe Argentine Navy, which that the orders had been shelvedMay 17, 1962, it was stated officiallyAfter six years of negotiations, is in urgent need of replacement for an indefinite period because ofrescindments and political vacillations,Argentina is getting six mine-that about £150m worth of warship Well, it's a dead cert that Samueland modernisation. It is reported Argentina's financial position.sweepers of the non-magnetic 'Ton* orders for the Argentine Navy White's will never build LEANclassfrom the Royal Navy. could be involved.DERS for Argentina, for they wentThey are, or were, HM ShipsIt is said that Argentina would out of business as shipbuilders notRENNINGTON. SANTON, ILlikeup to six British submarines long afterwards, but Thorneycroft'sM1NGTON. HICKLETON, TARL- of the very successful OBERON in their new group might get aTON and BEVINGTON. The ArgentineNavy has allocated to them general-purpose frigates of the lost orders.class (2,410 tons) and four British look in, and compensate for pastthe new names CHACO, CHUBUT, equally well-proven LEANDERFORMOSA, NEUQUEN. RIO class (2,800 tons).CANADANEGRO and TIERRA DEL FUE-If the negotiations are completedNew Naval JackGO, respectively.without further political or financial A new Naval Jack has been approvedto be flown by CanadianH.M. Dockyard, Portsmouth, argument, it is envisaged that twohas specially converted two of these, of the submarines and one of the warships. It consists of a white flagCHACO and FORMOSA, into frigates would be built in Great with Canada's national flag in theminehunters.Britain.upper quarter next to the hoist andThe other four coastal minesweepersIt is to be hoped that some Argen-with the naval crown, fouledhave been modernised and tine warships materialise this time. anchor and eagle combined inrefitted to specific Argentine Navyrequirements and standards by theAll this talk of minesweepers andfrigates almost threatens to take usdark blue on the fly.Until Canada's national flag replacedGroup; two back to square one.the White Ensign in 1965,ISSUE NOWOPENCAMBRIDGE HOUSE, 440 QUEEN STREET, BRISBANE, QLD.Mr./Mrs./Mis»AddressPlease send me, without obligation, a copy of your ProspectusQPJ 1'68HMS HICKLETONon« of th« "font" tob« told to ArgentinaPage Six THE NAVY Nov.mb.r-D.t«mb«r-January, 1968-69Novombor-Docombor-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY Pog* Sovon

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Currently employed on underseaPhosphate ResearchSpecially designed stabilised craft fitted with narrow beamecho sounder for measurement of silting in dams.A long list of satisfied clients, including the CommonwealthGovernmentAt your ServiceFOR YOUR HOLIDAY REQUIREMENTSInformation and Bookings Call or TelephoneHoward Smith TravelCentresSYDNEY: 269 George Street—Tel. 27-5611MELBOURNE: 522 Collins Street—Tel. 62-3711PORT ADELAIDE: 3 Todd Street—Tel. 4-1461FREMANTLE: 1 Mouatt Street—Tel. L 1071NEWCASTLE: 16 Watt Street—Tel. 2-4711CAIRNS: 18 Abbott Street—Tel. 2115/6BALLARAT: Cnr. Lvdiard and Main Streets-Tel. B 5462Wishing the Navy every Success from . . .WALTONS(THE ESPLANADE)BOATSHEDBALMORAL BEACH, N.S.W.Blue Bird Sloops — Herons — Sailing Dinghys— Launches — Row Boats FOR HIREMoorings — Slippings — Yacht RepairsPhone: 96-3588Page Thirty-four THE NAVY November-December-January, 1968-69Canadian warships flew a defacedBlue Ensign as the Jack. This wasreplaced by the national flag, whichwas then flown at both ends ofthe ship. Now this, in its turn, hasbeen replaced by the new Jack.The first new Jack was presentedto the Fleet by General Jean V.Allard, Chief of the Defence Staff,in a ceremony on board the carrierBON A VENTURE earlier this year.Hydrofoilmand a seagoing group and a shoreamphibious centre.The seagoing group comprises theheadquarters ship Malgache and aflotilla of tank landing craft, plusnumerous smaller landing craft.A special assault group is carriedof about 400 men, commanded bya colonel, who is also the armyassistant to the admiral.The amphibious centre at Lorientis under a Commander and formsthe administrative and support basefor the ships and also houses astudy and experimental centre andHMCS BRAS DOR (FHE-400)is Canada's ASW hydrofoil that isa school.capable of all-weather operation.Her primary sensor will be a towed The force is normally reinforcedsonar, and the armament will be for an amphibious operation by 400lightweight homing torpedoes. When Marine Commandos from Toulonfoilborne, she rides on a canard and also by the carrier ARROarrangementof fixed, surfacepiercingfoils, the bow one being copters.MANCHES and her assault heli-steerable. Her characteristics are:Weight 200 tons, length 151 feet,One up on Great Britainhull beam 21 feet, foil span 66 It is understood that the Frenchfeet, speed 60 knots, gas turbine Government has recast the scheme(foilborne) 30.000 s.h.p. and diesel of naval requirements for nuclearpoweredand ballistic-missile-armed(hullborne) 2.400 b.h.p. (see photo).submarines. According to unofficialFRANCEreports the French Navy has rescindedihe fairly long-standingFrench Amphibious force project to build a nuc!ear-poweredfleet submarine of the hunter-killerDetails have now been releasedtype, which was tentatively to haveof the French 'Force d'Amphibiebeen named RUBIS. This vessel wasd'lntervention (FAI).of basically similar design to thatThe force is commanded by a of HMS DREADNOUGHT in therear-admiral who has an inter- Royal Navy.Service staff. He has under his com-It is reported that instead of thisHMCS MAS D'OffNov*mb«r-Dec«mber-January, 1968-69 THE NAVYnuclear-powered but conventionallyarmed, submarine the French Navyis most eager to build a fifthnuclear - powered ballistic - missilesubmarine armed with sixteen tubesfor Polaris inter - continentalweapons. If this ship (surely a 'ship'now, at this size, in preference tothe traditional 'boat', which afterall only survives because it was adiminution of "submarine torpedoboat'?) materialises France willtherefore have one more deterrentsubmarine than Great Britain,which has four built or building.The first French nuclear-poweredand Polaris-armed submarine, LEREDOUTABLE. a huge vessel ofsome 9,000 tons submerged, asheavy as a cruiser, was launchedon March 29, 1967, and will, it isestimated, be completed next yearand is scheduled to be fully operationalby 1970. Her sister ship LETERRIBLE was laid down on June24. 1967, for delivery from thebuilders. Cherbourg Naval Dockyard(which is also responsible forREDOUBTABLE), in 1971 andworking up for deterrent patrol in1972.The third giant submarine ofthis class, for which the suggestedname was FORMIDABLE, wasauthorised in 1967 for completionin 1973. And at the end of lastyear (announced on December 7,1967) it was officially decided thatthe French Navy would build afourth nuclear-powered and Polarisarmed submarine. She is provisionallyscheduled to be completed in1974 and she will probably benamed FOUDROYANT.But the French Navy hopes tohave a Force de Frappe of fivePolaris-armed submarines in opecetionby the mid-1970's, and as soonas possible the fifth nuclear-poweredballistic-missile submarine is expectedto be ordered instead ofthe considerably smaller nuclearpoweredRUBIS (which would havebeen armed with torpedoes only).The name of this fifth Polarisarmedsubmarine is likely to beIMPLACABLE, according to abuzz from France.The Royal Navy has alwaysargued that five Polaris-armed submarinesare the minimum numberrequired to be practically certain of

ROYLEN CRUISES# FOR YOUR NEXT CLUB OUTINGLE REDOUBTABLE immediatelyafter herlaunchWhether asA DAY C RUISE A DAY'S FISHING I R11* OR A COMPLETEWEEKEND FISHING TRIPMODERATE CHARGESFor Further Information, contactROYLEN CRUISES72 VICTORIA STREET, MACKAY, QLD.P.O. Box 169 Phone: 2595POWER'S BAKERY(K. R. & D. L. POWER, Props.)For White, Brown, Rye, Malt, Starch Reduced,Sliced and Wrapped BreadBread Rolls — Sausage Rolls — Pasties — PiesCakes for all OccasionsWedding and Birthday Cakes to OrderKING STREET CABOOLTURE, QLD.(next door Q.A.T.B.)Phone: 85 For ServicePane Ten THE NAVY November-December-January, 1968-69always having two deterrent submarineson patrol. But the British Vosper Mark 5 Frigate Type are a cruising range of over 800 milestype. Four "destroyers" of the maximum speed of 45 knots andGovernment cancelled the fifth being built, two at Thornycroft's at 30 knots. The normal complementis 20 officers and ratings.vessel, which the previous administrationhad confirmed it intended to Vickers at Newcastle and Barrow.Southampton yard and two bybuild, and now only four are to be These will have a displacement Israel is just one more on thecompleted. RENOWN. REPULSE. officially estimated as 1.200 tons, lengthening list of countries obtainingtheir warship from France, andRESOLUTION and REVENGE. So and in addition to the main gunFrance will be one up on Great forward, two secondary guns aft. while French shipbuilders must beBritain, and the Royal Navy will anti-aircraft and anti-submarine laughing all the way to the bankhave to go on striving to keep weapons will be armed with a the Government are doubtless clappingtheir hands over their im-just the one and a half deterrentquadruple "Seacat" surface-to-airsubmarines on patrol at all times.guided-missile launcher. They will proving balance of payments.A pity when that wonderful newbe powered by two Bristol SiddeleyOlympus gas turbines and twobase at Faslane. HMS NEPTUNE,Paxman diesels. The first ship ofINDIAcould easily have permed two fromthe class was laid down at Thornycroft'syard on May 22, 1967, andfive.Flotillas from the Sovietwas scheduled to be launched duringJuly,UnionIRAN1968.British and American EscortsTwo more so-called "corvettes"or small frigates are nearly readytobe turned over from theirAmerican builders to the IranianNavy. MILANIAN (ex-PF 105).laid down on May 1, 1967, waslaunched on January 4 this yearand is scheduled to be delivered onNovember 24. Her sister, KAH-NAMUIE (ex-PF 106), laid downon June 12, 1967, was launchedon April 4, 1968, and is due to bedelivered on January 24. They havea displacement of 900 tons standardand 1,135 tons full load andare armed with two 3-in. guns andtwo 40 mm AA guns. Diesel enginesgive them a speed of 20knots. The first pair of this class.BAYANDOR (ex-PF 103) andHAGNDI (ex-PF 104) were transferredto the Iranian Navy in'1964.All four were built by the LevingstoneShipbuilding Co. of Orange.Texas.But Iran will soon have moresophisticated vessels of the escortIran will also soon take deliveryof the former British "Battles-classdestroyer SLUYS, 3,361 tons fullload, which has been renamedARTEMIS, now being refitted andmodernised by the Vosper-ThornycroftGroup.ISRAELOne more country getsFrench warshipsIsrael is to receive six or sevenpatrol boats from France. Thesevessels, reported to have a displacementof about 200 tons, will haveFrench-built hulls and Italian electronicequipment. They will bearmed with "Gabriel" surface-toairguided-missile launchers, two21-in. torpedo tubes, and at leasttwo 40 mm. anti-aircraft guns, thuscombining all the armament featuresof missile boats, torpedoboats and gunboats, a moderntrend being adopted by severalnavies. They are designed for aAccording to the latest count theIndia Navy is to receive over ascore of warships from the SovietNavy. They are reported to includefour submarines of the "F* class,six medium escort ships or smallfrigates of the Petya class, six motorgunboaLs of the Poluchat I class,a submarine support-ship, and severalother auxiliaries.JAPANPropelling and Steering GearA new type of propelling andsteering equipment has been developedby Ishikawajima-HarimaHeavy Industries Co. Ltd., Tokyo.Called the Duckpeller Model G,the equipment, as a single unit, includesall the necessary mechanismfor propelling and steering a shipand is the largest of its kind evermanufactured in Japan.It is suitable for tugs, push boats,ferries and floating cranes.The propeller can turn at anNovember-December-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY Page Eleven

BEST WISHES TO ALL NAVAL PERSONNEL FROMTHE WATERSIDE WORKERS CLUB(LES COOPER, MANAGER)•471 ADELAIDE STREETBRISBANETelephone 2-56811' =The Beer Queenslanders PreferColl for Icy-Cold Sparkling AmberCASTLEMAINE @iI w W V|AAAAThe PopularBEER i l"US QUALITY AJjy NEVER VARIES" ( | |TUCXXJLXXXX*•trniAi*mPoge Twelve THE NAVY Nov9mb»r-December-January. 1968-69The Beechcroft AOM-37A wot the notion's first missile target system designedto match the performance of high speed {et aircraft. It is in operation aroundangle of 360 deg. and has goodmanoeuvrability.Before the completion of theModel G, IHI developed threemodels of the Duckpeller — ModelS, Model M and L, and a totalof 12 units of these models haveso far been completed.the world in weapons systems qualification.The unit, with a horsepower of700 to 1000, was developed mainlyfor the large tugs which are neededThrust per horsepower is large to keep pace with the trend tobecause of the propeller's high efficiency,and easy remote-control islarger vessels.possible.It has a spiral bevel gear. Thepropeller is a 4-blade Kaplan type,having a diameter of about 1800mm.The steering equipment consistsof a hydro-electric propeller with aturning angle of 360 deg.MALAYSIAAn $8,000,000 order with VosperThorneycroft (UK) for six "fastpatrol boats" of unstated detail asthe initial equipment of its navalforces. They are presumed to beequivalent to three ordered for theRoyal Libyan Navy, one of whichrecently successfully completed itssea trials. These are equipped tocarry eight Nord Aviation SS-12Mor SS-11M wire-guided marine versionsof the highly successful surface-to-surfaceand air-to-groundmissiles. The SS-12M has a rangeof more than four miles, and isfitted with a special gyro-stabilisedoptical sight. Vosper has also designeda new 100 ft. guided missilepatrol boat capable of carryiug notonly the Nord weapons but alsothe llnm range Contraves Italianabeam-riding missile, Nettuno, withSea Hunter fire control and guidancesystem.NATOU.S. Missile To Be AdoptedBecause of the sinking of theIsraeli destroyer EUATH by aRussian-built Styx missile, considerableinterest inside NATO is nowcentred on the defence against thesurface-to-surface missile, particularlyfor small ships.The United States, Italy andNorway have formed a NATOgroup for the study of "Point Defence",as it is called, of ships fromair and surface-launched missilesand are considering a joint NATOdevelopment programme of theU.S. Sea Sparrow missile.The Sea Sparrow stems from theair-to-air Sparrow missile made byRaytheon and, in the U.S. version,is aimed by eye. In the proposedNATO version, however, it will havea power-driven track illuminatorwhich it is claimed will materiallycut down reaction time. Each nationwill use its own target-acquisitionradar.If the scheme goes ahead, it isexpected that some 100 to 200missile-systems would be requiredto be in service by 1972-73.A number of NATO ships useNovember-December-January, 1968-69 THf NAVY Thirteen

MARINE PLYfar•xtonorgable ends,boatbuilding,PMIKR)'feature and garagecaravans.wffrts,daws,FUU STOCKS AVAILABLE ATCullity Timbers52 TOWER STREET LEEDERVILLE, W.A. -::- Phooe: 28-1031also: PICTON JUNCTION :• Phooe: 5-4217Pog* Fourteen THE NAVY Novtmber-Decombor-January, 1968-69the present U.S. Tartar/Terrier missiles,which have not proved verysatisfactory and are to be replacedin the U.S. Navy by the Standardmissile which will have improvedsurface-to-air and some surface-tosurfacecapability.The Standard missile will be usedfor long-range defence, both againstmissiles and the missile-launchingships. Presumably those NATOships already equipped with theTartar/Terrier systems will adopt it.The Sea Sparrow is a close-rangemissile fitted as secondary armamentin large ships to deal with thosemissiles which have escaped thelong-range Standard, or as the primaryarmament in ships too smallto carry the Standard system.Britain, of course, has her ownmissiles: Seaslug, to be replaced bySeadart, for long-range work; Seacat,to be replaced by the PX 430now being developed, for shortranges.OPERATIONNEW BROOM'"New Broom", the large multinationalmine counter-measuresoperation mentioned in a recentedition has now been completed.The area swept is off the Netherlandsand West German coasts. Previouslythere was only a narrowchannel through the area, whichcontained some 12,000 Britishmines dropped by Bomber Commandduring the war. The aim wasto widen this channel, which hadbecome congested owing to the increasednumber of ships using it.During the War the mines, bothacoustic and magnetic, took a heavytollof German and neutral shipping—108 being sunk and another 103damaged. Since the war some 70ships have been sunk, but thesewere mostly in the 10 years up to1955.While a high percentage of themines are now known to be safe,there are still many which couldexplode.Concurrently with the sweeping,a complete hydrographic surveywas carried out, as the area hadnot been surveyed since before theWar. In addition, an underwaterobstaclesurvey was done by minehunters,working ahead of the mainsweepers. They had already locatedsome 40 wrecks, mostly of Wartimevintage.Sixty-six ships from Britain, Belgium.France, Netherlands and Norwaytook part. The British forceworked from Borkum in the FrisianIslands.The operation was due to completeat the end of May.NETHERLANDSDutch Order $49m.Anti-Sub. AircraftThe Government of the Netherlandshas placed an order for afirst batch of nine Atlantic antisubmarineaircraft, the first fourto be delivered by July, 1969, andthe remainder by March, 1971.The order represents a total of$49 million including cost of sparesand accessories.An order for a second batch tofollow soon is expected.The contract will go to theEuropean consortium SECBATwhich is in charge of the Atlanticprogramme and in which, since1961, The Netherlands has participatedtogether with France, Germanyand Belgium.Selected in 1959 as the result ofan international competition amongNATO countries, the Atlantic flewfor the first time in 1961.Powered by two Tyne turbo-propengines of 6,000 h.p. each, theaircraft has a cruising speed of 610km/h and a long duration.Patrol speed of 320 km/h, witha range of about 8,000 kilometres.Endurance on patrol is 18 hours,with a crew of 12.The Atlantic has modern search,detection and navigation equipment.Main orders have been 40 unitsfor the French Navy and 20 unitsfor the German Navy.The Dutch Government's decisionto purchase the Atlantic, in the faceof strong competition, is importantfor the outcome of manufacturingprogramme.It opens up new perspectives forexport orders, and at the same timestrengthening European aeronauticalco-operation.The aircraft will be based atValkenburg air base, supplementingLockheed Ncptue-equipped ASWsquadrons already operating. Thepurchase is planned to restore adeficiency in ASW capability, followingfire damage to the aircraftcarrier Karel Doorman, which isnot to be repaired. GrummanTracker aircraft, supplied to theNetherlands under MAP and operatedfrom the Karel Doorman alongwith ASW helicopters, are to beThe Breguet 1150 Atlantic Reconnaissance BomberNovember-December-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY PogG nftiiii

Compliments to the Royal Aust.Navy, R.A.N.R., R.A.N.V.R.and The Navy LeagueW. D. PEACOCK& Co. Pty. Ltd.65-68 SALAMANCA PLACEHOBART, TASMANIAPhone: 2-7571Best Wishes to the Royal Australian Navy.R.A.N.R.. R.A.N.V.R. & Sea CadetsMR. BILL LANSDELl. & STAFFLANSDELL GLASS(Tas.) Pty. Ltd.Mirrors, Shop Fronts, Glass, Laminex,Paint, Garage DoorsCnr. Elizabeth & PatrickStreets,HOBART, TASMANIAPhone: 34-3161Compliments to the RAN, RANR, RANVR and the Navy League Cadetsfrom . .Clark Bros. A.F.D.A.(WILLIAM J. CLARK)returned to the USA followiog deliveryof the Atlantics. Some Canadian-builtCS-2 Trackers are to beretained for service in the NetherlandsWest Indies.UNITEDKINGDOMAnglo-French HelicopterAgreementThe proposals made in Februaryand October, 1967, for Anglo-French co-operation in the developmentof helicopters were confirmedon April 2 when documents weresigned by Sir Patrick Reilly, theBritish Ambassador to France, andM. Pierre Messmer, the Ministerfor the French Armed Forces. Theagreement covers among other itemsthe full development of the WestlandWG 13 for both British andFrench use. The naval version isto be an advanced frigate-borneanti-submarine helicopter to replaceexiting Wasps. Our picture showsan artist's impression of the WG 13.New Infhore Rescue CraftA new kind of fast inshore rescueboat has been developed for theRoyal National Lifeboat Institutionat Atlantic College, Llantwit Major,Glamorgan.The boat will carry out evaluationtrials during the coming summerat Lyme Regis, where she willbe the station's operational inshorerescue boat.Th« Libyan mainunanc* andrepair iKip ZEITINThe boat has been designed bypupils of Atlantic College underthe supervision of Rear-AdmiralD. J. Hoare.The development of the boat atAtlantic College has been carriedout over a period of four years,and this is the fourth prototype ofits kind.The aim of the designer has beento combine the advantages, in termsof safety and of carrying out rescuesof the soft tube inflatable witha rigid buoyant underwater bodywhich will reduce maintenance toa minimum and allow higherspeeds to be achieved.The new rescue boat has a lengthof 17 ft. 6 in., a beam of 7 ftand her draught when the engineis lifted is 10 in.Her dry weight, less engine andloose fittings, is 420 lb., the engineis a 50 h.p. Mercury which cangive a speed of 30 knots.-fr FUNERAL DIRECTORSNight or Day Telephone: 2617717 ARGYLE STREET, HOBARTAnglo-French K.licopl.r W O 13Vosper Launches Two in a DayOn the same day two ships forthe Royal Libyan Navy werelaunched recently. RLNS SOKNAat Porchester was the last of threegas-turbine fast patrol boats; andat Woolston the RLNS ZELTIN,a 2.200-ton maintenance and repairship. The ZELTIN will dock patrolcraft by flooding ballast tanks andopening a stern door. She will alsoform the operational and administrativeheadquarters for the fastpatrol boat squadron.Pag* Sixteen THE NAVY Nov*mb«r-D«c«mb«r-January, 1968-69Nov*mb«r-D*c*mb*r-January, t 968-69 THE NAVY Page Seventeen

NAVY WEEK IN PERTH MEANS ASPECIAL VISIT TO:WHISTLE STOPTHE DIFFERENT BARIMPERIAL HOTELGreetings from . . .WELLINGTON STREET, PERTH« Fine Service, Beer, Spirits•fr Lunches in Comfort of Railway Carriage, Style BoothSetting and Attractive Bar AtmosphereIdeal For BusinessmenTelephone: 23-2921W.A. LIMESTONE CO.Fourth Survey Ship FromBrooke MarineAlso launched recently by BrookeMarine Ltd. was HMS FAWN, thelast of an order for four coastalsurvey craft, under a design-andbuildcontract. Features includefour Lister Blackstone turbo-chargedmarine diesels, a passive stabilisersystem, simplified engine roomwatchkeeping controls, and specialseakeeping qualities for both tropicsand arctic.Our picture (below) shows HMSBULLDOG, the first of the class.United StatesMissilesNot content with the sea-to-airmissiles Tartar and Terrier, theU.S. Navy is producing a new versionof them called the Standard.Now comes news that this too isto be replaced by an AdvancedSurface Missile System (ASMS)some time in the mid-70's.The new missile will be a modificationof the Standard, but thelaunchers will be new and will becapable of a higher rate of firethan at present. The main differencebetween the new system and theTartar/Terrier or Standard systemswill be in the radar and targetacquisitionfield.The U.S.N. has never had aclose-range misiiile equivalent toSeacat, but is now modifying theair-to-air Sparrow for use in asurface-to-air role. Sea Sparrow isalready fitted in the U.S.S. EN-TERPRISE and the Americans hopeto induce certain NATO countriesto join them in a development ofa more advanced, fully automaticversion.Automatic ChartingThe U.S. Navy's OceanographicOffice is testing new equipment,developed by Decca, for automaticcharting of river deltas and harbours.The system, known as the HydraSurvey System, consists principallyof an echo sounder, an electronicpositioner, a timer and electronicequipment necessary to translateall collected information into computerlanguage.Battleship CommissionsThe battleship USS JERSEYcommissioned in April at Philadelphiafor service in Vietnam.The NEW JERSEY was firstcommissioned in 1943, paid offafter the war and recommissionedagain for the Korean War.She is 887 ft. long, displaces4,000 tons and has nine sixteen-inchguns capable of firing 2,700 lbprojectiles over a distance of 23miles. She will be manned by 70officers and 1,400 enlisted men andwill be used solely for shore bombardmentThe last of the 15-inch gunThe last two IS-inch guns in existencein this country have beenplaced in the Imperial War Museum.The two guns, which weigh100 tons each, were transportedto the Museum from Shoeburynessat the end of March. In May theywere mounted on a special concreteplinth and on August 8, Admiralof the Fleet, Sir Algernon Willis,inaugurated them.Both guns were made during thefirst World War. One was mountedin HMS RAMILLIES and sawaction in the Mediterranean in1940 and 1941. The other gun wasin HMS RESOLUTION from 1915to 1938. After a period in storethis was transferred to the monitorHMS ROBERTS, which, togetherwith other Allied warships, bombardedGerman positions in Normandyand on Walcheren in 1944.The two guns have since been usedfor experiments at Shoeburyness.Royal Navy to go MetricThe fathom, traditional nauticalmeasurement of six feet, is to disappearfrom the Royal Navy'sworld-famous charts. In futuredepths and heights are to be indicatedin metres.It was decided to go metric inthe Royal Navy's new-style chartsfollowing a study of the trend inthe United Kingdom towards theadoption of the metric system.All-gas goes to SeaHMS EXMOUTH. the world'sfirst all-gas-turbine major warship,has now completed her sea trials.She has been refitted and convertedat Chatham Dockyard and is nowfitted with one Rolls Royce Olympusfor full power and two R.R.Proteus engines for cruising — bothWalk er l^oad,(J^eaconi^ieid,For Deliveries, Quotes and ServicePhone: 5-1577-After Hours: 50-2406Surtby Ship, HMS BUUDOGPco* Eiahtoen THE NAVY November-December-January, 1968-69November-December-January, 1968-69THE NAVY

HMS EXMOUTH UavingChatham far h*r i*aI rial*. Nala h*r all.r*d•llhouatt*.M/V ACHILLE LAURO M/V ANGELINA LAUROCompliments of the Season from . . .J. H. TATELICENSED PLUMBERAlbert Avenue Boronia, Vic.Phone: 72-2-1176types marine versions of these wellprovedengines (see photo).The Royal Navy can thus beseen to be still in the lead in thisfield, which it pioneered just afterthe War. The stated intention is touse this form of main engine forall future major warships.The EXMOUTH's main enginescan be controlled from the bridge.Benefits are — less space andweight, engine-uianges in 48 hours,simple to install, manpower savingsup to 25 per cent. Astern-power isby variable-pitch propeller.More Negro Officers ForThe NavyThe U.S. Navy, long criticisedas the slowest of the three servicesto integrate, is speeding up recruitmentof Negro officer candidates.Navy Undersecretary Charles F.Baird has just commissioned thefirst naval ROTC unit at a Negrocollege. Prairie View A&M inTexas. Some 24 officer candidateshave already signed up. The Navyis also deploying recruiting teamsof Negro officers around thecountry and it has selected 42Negro enlisted men to attend theNaval Academy's prep school atBainbridge, Md. Of the Navy'sS2.300 officers, 330 are Negroes.Ocean CatamaranThis is an artist's concept ofa new class of submarine rescueship (ASR) that will have a catamaranhull, which gives the ship stabilitywhen working in the opensea. The ASR will have mobileresearch and rescue facilities, alimited mobile salvage capabilityfor submarines, and an ability towork with submergence rescuevehicles.Ocoon catamaran — aubmarin* m«M chipCONTRIBUTIONS INVITEDThe editor invites parsons to submit articles and photographs for inclusionin tho magazine, but regrets that no payment can be made for contributionssubmitted. Contributions should be addressed: The Editor, "The Navy", BoxCI 78, Clarence Stftet Post Office, Sydney, N.S.W., 2000, Australia.The editor does not hold himself responsible for manuscripts, thoughevery effort will be made to return those with which a stamped and addressedenvelope is enclosed.Pag* Twenty THE NAVY Nov*mb«r-D«c*mb*r-January, 1969-69Nsvtmb«'.Dt(*mb«r. January. 1968-69THE NAVY

This Space Donated by . . .R. RENFRY PTY. LTD.CARRIERSGEELONG — MELBOURNE DAILYDOURO STREET NORTH GEELONG, VIC.Phone: 7-2824After Hours: 4-34325 — 7-9808 — 9-1480AluminiumHydrofoilThe USS PLAINVIEW (GEH-1).the world's largest hydrofoil vessel,is being tested by Lockheed for deliveryto the Navy later this year.The 220-foot. 300-ton aluminiumcraft is powered by two diesel engineswhen hullborne. and uses twojet engines when foil-borne (seephotos). "In-flight." on two 13-foot,winglike foils, the PLAINVIEWobtains speeds in excess of 40 knotsfrom two titanium propellers positionedin pods on the two forwardstruts, a third foil at the sternserves as a rudder and stabiliser.Height sensors located in the bowand stern provide information forthe control display and automaticpilot. The PLAINVIEW will bemanned by a crew of 20 officersand 1'ien.U.S.S.PLAINVIEWFloating ArmourCOMPLIMENTS FROM . . .MICHAEUS BAYLEYLEATHER PTY. LTD.Manufacturers of:UPPER & SOLE LEATHER FOR QUALITY SHOESThe Navy's experimental buoyantflak jacket (see photo) has receivedfavourable reports from test useby river patrol boat crews in Vietnam.Made of layers of nylon fabric.polypropylene felt, and polyethyleneplastic foam, the air in thefoam keeps the wearer afloat, andthe nine-pound jacket provides protectionagainst fragmentary ordnance.A second type of buoyantarmour under development, incorporatingceramic material enclosedin plastic foam, would provide protectionagainst armour-piercing projectilesup to .30-calibre.BLUE RIBBON SHEEPSKIN RUGS AND CAR SEATS30 MORELAND STREET FOOTSCRAY, VIC 301168-2336 Phone 68-2336Th« Experimental Buoyant Flat JacketPage Twenty-two THE NAVY November-December-January, 1968-69November-December-January, 1968-69THE NAVYPageTwonfy-ftiroo

E. J. CANNING 6L SONftCARRIERSSAFE, SPEEDY TRANSPORTATIONOF YOUR GOODS279 HUME STREET TOOWOOMBA, QLD.Phone: 2-4697 & 2-4414TOWN * COUNTRYINVESTMENTSHOME BUILDERS AND HOME SITE SPECIALISTSThinking of Buying a Home Site or Having a Home Built or Home UnitThen Contact:Town & CountryInvestmonts Pty. Ltd.85 EAGLE STREET, BRISBANE, QLD.HELPFUL FRIENDLY ADVICE AT ALL TIMESTelephone: 22035 - All Hoursfog* Twtnty-four TWI NAVY Nov»mb*'-D«c*mb«r-January, 1961-49Litton Wins Huge U.S.Navy OrderThe US Navy has selected LittonIndustries to build at least six newassault ships at a cost of morethan SUS900 million.The Navy expects to build sixand possibly up to 12 of the ships,to be known as L.H.A. (landinghelicopter assaults).The L.H.A. will displace at least40.000 tons, have a length of 796feet and a speed in excess of 20knots.Satellite Antenna ForSubmarinesA division of International Telephoneand Telegraph Corporationhas designed and built a type ofexperimental antenna that for thefirst time allows submarines tocommunicate via satellite withsuitably equipped submarines, ships,aircraft and fixed or mobile stationsthousands of miles apart.The antenna design is significantbecause the equipment is steerablein azimuth and elevation, yet compactenough to fit in the sail (conningtower superstructure) of asubmarine. The U.S. Naval ShipsSystems Command. Washington.DC. contracted with ITT DefenseCommunications for the submarinesatellitecommunication antennadesign and development.An ITT Defense CommunicationsDivision submarine-satellitecommunication antenna successfullyparticipated in recent inter-servicesatellite communication tests conductedvia LES-5. an experimentalcommunication satellite. A majorchallenge to designers of submarineantennas for satellite communicationhas been the limitedspace available to install the devices.New Fleet Air ArmFighterThe Grumman Aircraft EngineeringCorporation is currentlycarrying out a study on a new aircraftfor the Navy.The new aircraft, known as theVFAX, will be for both fighterand attack roles and will be atwo-man machine. It is expected tohave variable swept wings and tohe armed with new missiles as well I It is hoped that it will be inas guns. The missiles will be either lervicc in 1974 and that U.S. carradiation-seeking.such as the stan- piers will then be carrying bothdard ARM, or stand-off, such as phis versatile aircraft and theCondor and Maverick.|FIIIB.U.S. Navy Nuclear-Propelled ShipsFecal Year ( lavs or Name NotesProgramme Type*FY 1952 1 SSN Nautilus Comm. 1954; 2nd lineFY 1953 1 SSN Seawolf Comm. 1957; 2nd lineFY 1955 2 SSN Skate Comm. 1958; 2nd lineFY 1956 2 SSN Skate Comm. 1958-59; 2nd line1 SSN Skipjack Comm. 19591 SSN Triton Comm. 1959; 2nd line1 SSN Halibut Comm. I960: 2nd lineFY 1957 Long Beach Comm. 1961 (cruiser)5 SSN Skipjack Comm. 1960-611 SSN Thresher Comm. 1961: sunk 1963FY 1958 1 CVAN Enterprise Comm. 1960 (carrier)3 SSBN Geo. Washington Comm. 1959-61 tPolaris)3 SSN Thresher Comm. 1962-631 SSN TullibeeFY 1959 1 DLGN Bainbridgc Comm. 1962 (frigate)2 SSBN Geo. Washington Comm. 1960-61 (Polaris)4 SSBN Ethan Allen Comm. 1961-62 (Polaris)5 SSN Thresher Comm. 1964-67FY I960 4 SSN Thresher Comm. 1966-68FY 1961 1 SSBN Ethan Allen Comm. 1963 (Polaris)9 SSBN Lafayette Comm. 1963-64 (Polaris)1 SSN Thresher Comm. 1967FY 1962 1 DLGN Truxtun Comm. 1967 (frigate)10 SSBN Lafayette Comm. 1964 (Polaris)3 SSN Sturgeon Comm. 1967-68FY 1963 6 SSBN Lafayette Comm. 1965-66 (Polaris)8 SSN Sturgeon Comm. 1967-68FY 1964 6 SSBN Lafayette Comm. 1966-67 (Polaris)1 SSN Narwhal Under cons(ruction5 SSN Sturgeon Under constructionFY 1965 6 SSN Sturgeon Under construction1 DSV NR-l Under constructionFY 1966 6 SSN Sturgeon Under constructionIV 1967 1 CVAN Nimitz Under construction1 DLGN Truxtun Authorised5 SSN Sturgeon AuthorisedFY 1968 1 DLGN Truxtun Authorised3 SSN Sturgeon AuthorisedFY 1969 2 SSN Sturgeon Requested•Type symbols: SSN attack submarine. SSBN fleet ballistic-missile submarine.CGN guided-missile cruiser. CVAN attack aircraft carrier,DI.GN guided-missile frigate. DSV deep submergence vehicle (forresearch and ocean engineering)Navy To Get NewFatf MissileThe Navy is moving swiftly towardproduction of a new weapon,nicknamed the Zap missile, to bolsterU.S. capabilities for beatingdown antiaircraft guns. Zap is anacronym for Zero AntiaircraftPotential.Details of the missile's plannedcapabilities are closely guarded butwork is far enough along to permitofficials to discuss its missiongenerally.Nov*mb*r-D«c*mb«r-January, 1 968-69 THE NAVY foje Twenty-flvo

J. B. DAWSON140 BURWOOD H'WAY, FERNTREE GULLY.3156Phones: F.T.G. 381 — Belgrove 2273EXPERT PACKERST CHESTS SUPPLIEDP'ANOS A SPECIALITYLARGE VANS ANDTAXI TRUCKSTOWN, COUNTRY,INTERSTATEFURNITURE REMOVALSNEW BRICK STORAGEBETTER REMOVALSBETTER PRICESCity Depot: Victorian Transport, West MelbourneCity - Suburbs - Hills - 68-335156 WELLS STREETFRANKSTON, VICTORIAPhone78-3-5544For all your sporting requirements see the Melbourne Sport. Depot and forpersonal service to H.M.A.S. Cereberu. Personnel, we recommend you see Mr.Douglas at our Frankston BranchIF YOU RE ON LEAVE — Call on our Head Office: 121 Elizabeth Street MelbournePhone 60 1551 or at Reg.onal Centres: Chadstone, Eastland, Northland, Southland121 Elizabeth St., MelbournePhone: 60-1551The Zap, sources said, will bea solid-fuelled *hypervelocity rocketthat will fly at speeds around 2.000miles an hour and detonate withshattering effect over enemy flaksites.Within two years the missile isexpected to go aboard Navyfighter-bombers and may also beused by the Air Force. Industryexpectations are that production ofthe Zap will soar to several hundredthousand a year by about1972. with annual spending of about$50 million.Zap will have a conventional explosivewarhead of unspecified sizedesigned to go off just before ithits the ground with a special highfragmentationeffect.The weapon's fantastic speed iscritical to the mission. With Zap.the pilot of a 1400 m.p.h. Phantomjet. for example, will be ableto launch his weapon almost pointblankat an enemy target whilezooming at supersonic speeds.At the same time, with Zap's newdispersingwarhead the pilot won'thave to be too concerned with precisetargeting.Zap is actually an outgrowth ofanother new Navy missile underdevelopment called the Hart (hypervelocityaircraft rocket, tactical) andenvisioned as a successor to thecurrent Zuni in the early 1970s.The Zuni. one of the Navy'sstandard air-to-surface weapons, isa nine-foot long. 107-pound missilewith a five-mile range. It soars atabout 1.300 m.p.h. The Navy hasrelied heavily on the Zuni in Vietnam.producing around 100.000per year.Warships to be RetiredOn August 8 the Defence Departmenteliminated 50 Navy shipsand eight Naval Air Squadrons aspart of the programme to reducefederal expenditures by $A5,357million in the current financialyear.Major ships to be mothballedinclude the guided missile lightcruiser Topeka. the anti-submarinecarrier Randolph and the nuclearpoweredsubmarine Triton.Jet-Powered GunboatsThe USS READY (PG-87). thenewest jet-powered gunboat in theNavy, lies alongside the USS AN-TELOPE (PG-86). The aluminiumcontrol, a 40-mm. cannon, and twotwin 50-calibre machine guns. The165-foot craft are used in operationsin hoth rivers and the open sea.Nuclear VesselSavannah RefueliThe nuclear-powered freighterthull and fibre glass craft are thethird and fourth of 12 ships tobe built of the ASHEVILLE class.Their armament includes a rapidfire3-inch gun with Mark 63 firet /i/ ASavannah (15.585 tons gross), theworld's first commercial vessel withatomic power, sailed from NewYork during mid-August for Galveston.Texas, for her first refuellingin the 6i years she has beenoperating tsee photo above).Pas*Twenty-sinTHE NAVYNovember-Dacembar-January, 1968-69Novtfnb*r-D*c«nib«r-January, 1968-69IHt NAVYrat* tw.iriy.Mm

Compliments from . . .McGiltons Funeral Service45 SMITH STREET, WARRAGUL. VICTORIAEFFICIENT SERVICE TO ANY CEMETERYOR CREMATORIUMThe 20-knot ship, which wasbuilt at Camden, New Jersey,USA. in 1962 has sailed 330,000miles on only 119 pounds of hernuclear fuel. U-235. If she hadbeen a conventionally-powered shipshe would have burned more than95.000 tons of oil.Hercules HydroskiThe Lockheed-Georgia Companyis studying for the Navy the feasibilityof adding the role of seaplaneto the capability of the C-130Hercules. This radio-controlledmodel features a hydroski and hasan eight-foot wingspan. A full-sizedsingle-mount hydroski. shaped toconform to the hull bottom, wouldmeasure 21 x 31 feet and wouldbe hydraulically extended 10 feet.Phone Worrogul 2-2338, 2-2339Brave the wavesin Nylex'Wavelock'(KEEPS BOATS, SHIPSHAPE, TOO)Keep dry, and warm, in a Nylex Wavelock spray jacket. Cul for comfort andaction — with hood attached. Wavelock' is the ideal boat covering, too, for,unlike other materials, it can t rot or mildew. Is shrinkproof. Waterproof. And— thanks to its unique construction of nylon mesh laminated between two layersof strong vinyl — Nylex Wavelock is much lighter and lasts much longer, too.It's available in a range of colours including the safety colour, yellow. As acovering for your boat . . . and for your own protection . . . you can't beat Nylex'Wavelock . It shrugs off salt and spray !'WAVELOCK' is manufactured in Australia byNYLEX CORPORATIONLIMITEDBRANCHES ALL STATESf T £ H . "'""V° W , h ° , U # d nu«l«ar-pow#r»d aircraft carrier be con-^ n ^ ^ J ^ ." M>,V ° f ^W. Nimitz, USN, the carrier will displace moreFW#t^ r M n 9 " ^Admiral Nimiti, who died in 1966 c o m ^ l j THl-n U $ $armada of 6,256 .hip. and 15.000 aircraf, that defeats the Japanese i„ WaHd War HPogeTwenty-eightTHENAVYNovember-December-Jcnuary, 1968-69November-December-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY P o f. Tweaty-nlna

MALTA BOOKING SERVICE(MR. LOU DE BONO)488 VICTORIA STREET, NORTH MELBOURNEFor Bookings Phone 30-2758ALSO535 SYDNEY ROAD, BRUNSWICK, VIC.(MR. A. CIANTAR)Phone 38-5443, 38-5444 A.H.: 35-1719Compliments to all R.A.N. Personnel andH.M.A.S. Cerberus from —FLINDERS HOTELWEST HEAD, VIC.REMEMBER CHAPS, WHEN AT THE GUNNERYRANGE CALL IN FOR A COLD BEERCOUNTER LUNCH SERVEDPhone Flinders 3Pog. Thirty THi NAVY Nov,mb,T-Pwmb«r-JonuOTy. 1961-69- BOOK REVIEW -NAVAL POLICY BETWEEN THE WARSThe Period of Anglo-American Antagonism 1919-1929, by Stephen Roskill. Collins,London, 1968. Review copy from Angus & Robertson Ltd. $8.15. Review by ROBERT W.CUNNINGHAM, R.A.N.R.Captain Roskill's reputation asa naval historian and analyst ofmaritime strategy has already beenfirmly established by the extent andquality of his previous works. Includedamongst these is his fourvolume work THE WAR AT SEA.which is a most thorough and comprehensiverecord of the navalaspects of the 1939-45 conflict as.seen through British eyes. Followingthis came THE STRATEGYOF SEA POWER, a concise butpenetrating study of the variousbroad aspects of British naval policyand strategy since "early times"which confirmed Roskill's place certainlyamongst the most notablenaval commentators and historiansof this century — Corbett, Graham,Lewis, and Marder — if not withMahan himself. In THE STRA-TEGY OF SEA POWER, a chapterentitled "Uneasy Interlude" consideredbriefly the events of the1919-29 period, and it is this period,with its fabric of controversies andconferences, that Roskill has takenup and examined in depth in hislatest work NAVAL POLICY BE-TWEEN THE WARS.The book is subtitled I: ThePeriod of Anglo-American Antagonism1919-29 and in pursuing thistheme Roskill has quite clearly undertakena most extensive researchinto the documents, official reports,papers and private correspondencerelating to this issue. From thismass of evidence — some indicationof the extent of which can begained from the meticulous footnoting— he has extracted andclarified the principal issues underlyingthe rivalries and frictions betweenBritain and the United States,as the latter built up a navy "secondto none \ to firstly challenge andthen supercede Britain's long establishednaval supremacy. Anglo-American animosity over maritimeissues, which extends back to theevents surrounding the War ofIK12. was exacerbated firstly by theprinciples of "Freedom of the Seas"and "Belligerent Rights" which werecontested at length at the PeaceConference of 1919 where the U.S.representatives opposed Britain'straditional views on these matters,and again in 1927 after the failureof the Geneva Disarmament Conference.By 1921 the threat of an Anglo-American naval building race hadbecome serious and the policy ofthe British government was tostrive for an agreement on the relativestrength of the two nations'navies and the subsequent negotiationsfinally resulted in the WashingtonConference, ils Naval Treatyof 1922 "and the "Ten-Year Rule"combining to bring about the scrappingof much of the vast Britishfleet built up in the preceding decade.and effectively retarding anyadequate policy of replacement andreconstruction in the followingyears. By sketching the personalitiesof the principal figures involved inthese meetings and outlining theattitudes of their respective governments.the contemporary politicalscene, the protracted and complicatedwranglings are brought vividlyto life.With equal impartiality Roskillexamines the naval aviation controversy— the "aircraft v. the biggun" in the U.S.A., the viability ofan independent Fleet Air Arm inBritain. Similarly, with equal effectivenesshe discusses the problemsof Imperial Defence, the repeatedlydelayed establishment of the Singaporebase complex, and the warof intervention in Russia in theconfused aftermath of the Bolshevikrevolution of 1917 — operationsthat until now had not been presentedto the public in a coherentmanner.I am perhaps being over-zealousin my attitude toward factual accuracy.but as an Australian reader1 was disappointed when, under thewell known photograph of thenewly arrived Australian Fleet atFarm Cove, the caption read. . December. 1921.' — whenthe picture was taken in 1913.Moreover, the fact that HMASAUSTRALIA with torpedonetbooms still fitted, and her tops uncluttered.lacking director equipment.indicates that the picture wastaken before her wartime modificationswere implemented. The pointis a minor one perhaps, but it isdisconcerting to discover an elementaryerror that easily could havebeen avoided with a little care. Theremainder of the illustrations, however.are well chosen to illustrateideas in the text or prominent personalitiesinvolved, and many ofthe plates are published for thefirst time — the scenes of lines ofbattleships at anchor or at sea onmanoeuvres are nostalgically inspiring.The appendices too. withlists of Naval Appointments, tablesof comparative strengths of theprincipal naval powers, and summariesof naval building programmes.estimates and personnelnumbers covering the 1918-39period are exhaustive in scope andreflect .he overall thoroughness withwhich Captain Roskill has approachedhis task.The decade following the Treatyof Versailles was a fascinatingperiod in the development of navalaffairs, a time in which the patternand composition of the fleets thatwere to put to sea in 1939 wasformulated through its several conferences.In a work that is at onceboth an historical study and a veryreadable, engaging narrative. CaptainRoskill has successfully shedlight on this previously neglectedimerlude: and one looks forwardto a companion volume coveringthe next decade with the samethoroughness and perception.Nov.rftb*r-D«c,mb«r-Januory, 1941-49 THt NAVY Pog« Thirty-one

Whyalla Shipbuilding &Engineering WorksWHYALLA TELEPHONE: 5-8555TELEGRAPH: "SHIPYARD"TELEX: AA86278The extensive and long term policy being carried outby this large organisation calls for tradesmenand apprentices in the Engineering fieldEXCELLENT CONDITIONS IN WHYALLA FOR WORK AND PLAYApply in writing or in person to theEMPLOYMENT OFFICERWHYALLA SHIPBUILDING ANDENGINEERING WORKSBox 349, P.O. — Whyalla, S.A.Support the Red CrossBECOME A BLOOD DONOR TODAYTHE LIFE YOU SAVE COULDBE YOUR OWNROYAL THAI NAVYBy Rear Admiral Amorn Sirigaya — Director of Naval OperationsDepartmentThe Royal Thai Navy is charged with the responsibility of providingsupport for the security of the kingdom by planning, directing,and reviewing the operating forces of the Navy, and by training, andequipping sea forces in accordance with national security plans.FOUNDATION OF THEROYAL THAI NAVY"On 20th November, 1906 A.D.I. King Chulalongkorn. am hereto open this academy. It is mypleasure lo see that the Navy hasnow established its root so that itwill grow to be our strength in thefuture.'The Royal Thai Navy is one ofthe very old Navies (Rama V) inthe world. It began, like all Naviesin Europe, with a fleet of longcanoes, which were then replacedsuccessively by sailing boats andsteamships.It is well known among the ThaiNavy men that the present RoyalThai Navy was founded by theRoyal Command of King Chulalongkornon November 20, 1906,which has been regarded as theNavy Day up to the present time.OPERATIONAL FORCESGENEROUSLY SPONSORED BY . . .WOWIC INDUSTRIESPTY. LTD.(Formerly WorldwideCamps)BARFIELD CRESCENTELIZABETH WEST, S.A. 5113,P.O. BOX 103.TELEPHONE: 55-1422>» j rfre* OirSlFr fc^Jjfif, Vrt>The Royal Thai Navy comprisesthe operational forces of combatships, auxiliary vessels, service vessels.aircraft and marines. TheRoyal Thai Fleet is responsible forall activities of the ships and planes,while the land forces are operatedby the Marine Corps.All the navy personnel arestrongly devoted to the courses thatwill safeguard and maintain thenational independence and peace,and the security of the King andthe religion.Pag* Thirty-two THE NAVY Novombor-Dvcombor-January. 1 968-69No vombor-Doccmbor-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY Pago Thirty-throo

ROYAL THAI FLEETFor Top Grade Concrete Tanks Anywhere In Victoria Contact:A. J. DAWSONWe Pour Four Inch ThickConcrete WallsReinforcedYOU PAY LESS PER THOUSAND GALLONS. ONLY THE BESTMATERIALS USED. TANK COMPLETED IN ONE DAY.ALL TANKS GUARANTEEDPRINCES HIGHWAY, WARRAGUL. 3820, VIC.Phone 2-2040 Phone 2-2040The Royal Thai Fleet is divided the proper mission commonly cific mission as directed by theinto four squadrons and one naval known as the Type organisation Royal Thai Navy.air squadron in such a manner that Ships of the Type organisation may . T h ' P rc " nl aclivil of>' I he «fiincludes the operations of HTMSships of the same or similar type be 'ormed into one or more task p^ NGAN and PGM 12 in Southattached to the same squadron for units in order to accomplish a spe- Vietnam.MERCEDES-BENZSpecialised Sales & Service, Spare Parts, Body RepairsThree Point MotorsPTY. LTD.FOUR SQUADRONS OF THEROYAL THAI FLEET/PATROLSQUADRONThe first squadron of the RoyalThai Fleet is the Patrol Squadronwhose duty is to carry out thesurveillance patrol of Thai waters.T*he squadron consists of sloops,torpedo boats, and motor gunboats.AUTHORISED MERCEDES-BENZ DEALER117 FERGIE STREET, NORTH FITZROY, VICTORIA(Cnr. St. Georges Road)Phones 48-4056, 48-8779, 48-1869Spare Parts Orders: 48-7532Sales A.H.: 37-3654 Bayswater: 9-1326Service After Hours: 97-5521ANTI-SUBMARINESQUADRONWARFAREThe second squadron is the AntisubmarineSquadron responsiblefor the escort duty and antisubmarineoperations. The squadronconsists of D.E., P.F.. P.C.,SC.. and C.G.C.Page Thirty-four THE NAVY November-December-January, 1968-69

McEwan & Co. Pty. Ltd.16 DUNCAN STREET, VALLEY BRISBANE, QLD.Telephone: 51-5108SHIP CHANDLERS AND PROVIDORESMINE WARFARE SQUADRONThe third squadron of the RoyalThai Fleet is responsible for boththe minesweeping and the minelayingoperations. It consists ofMSF.. MMC.. MSC.. and ML/MS.Deck and Engine Stores — Fresh Dry Stores — Bond Stores— Marine Paints, Etc. — All Lifting Gear — Rigging Gear —Navigational Lights and Signals,- All Types of Small Boat GearPhone: 51-5108 After Hours: 48-5513Radio and Telegrams: LEEWARD, BRISBANE, QUEENSLANDGRAIN DISTRIBUTORS(EXPORT) PTY.AMPHIBIOUS AND SERVICESQUADRONIhe Amphibious and ServiceSquadron is Ihe fourth squadron ofIhe Fleet who

Best Wishes lo R.A.N(Mine HostsPersonnel fromROSE HOTELMrs. Chris and Mr. Stan Omodci)76 STIRLING HIGHWAY NORTH FREMANTLE, W.A.Navy men always head for good beer and "Scran" alIhe "Rose" Make it a date, you'll beglad you didPhone: 5-1883Wl SCR VIMARINECORPSThe Marine Corps is the secondmajor force, operating in coordinationwith the Royal ThaiFleet.Best Wishes fromSTIRLINGELECTRICS1 REES STREETO'CONNOR, W.A.Telephone: 50-2970After Hours: 30-3291•Support theDonate BloodREMEMBER . . .THE LIFE YOU SAVE MAYBE YOUR OWNThe Thai Marine, have alwaysbeen known lo devote themselvesand wish to have' their names recordedon the Monument of Victoryin the course' of fighting forthe national security.Specialising in:MARINE AND INDUSTRIALINSTALLATIONSREPAIRS ANDMAINTENANCET his space is kinilI> donated b> a wellwisher in Ihe interests of:IHE NAVY LEAGUE OFandIHE RED ( ROSSGreetings to all R.A.N. Personnel from . . .htnumnonsThe Port of Bunbury's Favourite HotelTHE BURLINGTONHOTEL(Mine Host: J DRINKWATER)Victoria Street Bunbury, W.A.AUSTRALIAit Liberty men always make straight for the "Burly"renowned for the best in beer, foodand companionshipPhone: 2075OUR COVERH.M.S. HERMES HELPS TRAIN R.A.N. FLYERSAn Australian Navy Skyhawk attack aircraft on the catapult aboard thestrike carrier H.M.S. HERMES.The Skyhawks were making carrier landings and take-offs from H.M.S.HERMES about 50 miles from the N.S.W. coast off Jervis Bay during late October.It is the first time these Australian jets had landed and catapulted froma carrier.The aircraft will join the Australian carrier H.M.A.S. MELBOURNE in 1969|R.A.N.OfficialPhotograph.)Poge Thirty-eight THE NAVY November-December-January, 1Nov.mb.r-O.cmb.r-January. 1968-69THENAVYfog. Thirty-nin.

TRAINING AND EDUCATIONYear after year and in additionto the daily routines, the fightingforces and all the supporting unitsof the Royal Thai Navy relentlesslycarry out their training and educationprogrammes.The Royal Thai Fleet pursuevarious phases of the training atsea. while the Marine Corps carryout their exercises, both on landand at sea.Other activities,within theNavy arethose of theMusic Schoolof the Bangkok.Naval Base,and the NavalNursing Schoolof the PhraPinklaoHospital. Thestudents ofboth schoolsare very activein theirtraining andeducation.Kindly Sponsored by . . .Chcsrlicks PapersacksBest Wishes to Navy from . . .HOTELAUSTRALIAEDWARD ST. FREMANTLE, W.A.TOM BROWN Invites All Navel Personnel To Join Himat HOTEL AUSTRALIA in FREMANTLE. for Fine Serviceand Beer at its very Best Excellent CounterLunch ServiceHOTEL AUSTRALIA, FREMANTLE, W.A.Phone: 5-2542Manufacturers ofHeavy Duty Papersacksas Containers for All ProductsIncluding Ships Kitchen RefuseCLEVELAND TERRACE OTTAWAY, SA. 42611Pago Forty THE NAVY Novombor-Decombor- January, 1968-

A ( ompiin> of the Nickers (.roupCockatoo Docks &Engineering Co.Pty. LimitedHULL DERS OH MANYOH THE NAVY'S FINESTFIGHTING SHIPSCockatoo Island,SydneyTELEGRAPHIC ADDRESS: CODOt'KTELEPHONE: H2-066IWishing ihe Navy every Success front . .THE NELSON'S BAYR.S.L. MEMORIAL CLOBNELSONS BAY,•N.S.W.Xnias Greetings from . . .SYDNEY SLIPWAY &ENGINEERING CO.PTY. LTD.123 Darling Street, BalmainN.S.W.Marine & General Engineers- Slipway capable of taking vessels up to 850tons, with tradesmen for any type of repairs.Boilermuking and Fabrications up to 20 tons.Pressure Vessels in accordance with Lloydsand D.L.I.Sole manufacturers in Australia of the 'Victor'Oily Water Separators.Facilities for Machining and Fitting of allTypes.vli Certified Testing of Cargo Blocks, etc.x Contractors to the Army and Navy Departments.All Knquiries Quickly ProcessedTelephone: 82-1506, 82-1482,82-3267NICOL BROS.PTY. LTD.ALl CLASSES OFSTEAM, DIESEL AND GENERALENGINEERINGBoiler MokersOxy Acetylene and Electric WeldersPlumbing and Electrical WorkFRIDAY & SATURDAY NIGH ICABARET10-20 Weston Street,Balmain East, N.S.W.!NAVALDOCKYARDThe Royal Naval Dockyard wasestablished on January 9. 1889. withonly one graving dock. By 1936.the Dockyard expands to two largedocks with facilities to render theefficient repair and maintenanceservices of the Royal Thai Fleetwithin the last 20 years is the constructionof Synchro-Lift dockingfacility at Sattahip Naval Base.Right: Graving Dock No. 1Lft% f"Jaw; «nf i j££&SOURCES OF NAVY1PERSONNELThe notable activities of theDockyard, besides the repair andmaintenance services, arc the constructionof torpedo boats, tankers,and more recently, the modernmotor gun boat PGM 91.Left: P.G.M. 91, designed and constructedby Naval Guest Artists Every WeekendPHONE 82-0367 13 Lines)Phone Nelsons Bay 811-344After Hours:76-9485 — 86-3225 -451-7427Po9» Forty-two THI NAVY Nov.mb.r-D.c.mb.r-January, 1968-69The Naval Personnel Departmentof The Royal Thai Navy will determinethe requirements of personneland will allocate the personnelyearly to all naval units. TheNavy personnel comprises naval the Naval Ratings School and thenaval recruits are from the Navyofficers, non-commissioned officersRecruits Centre. The numbers andand recruits. Naval officers arequalifications of the personnel aregraduates of the Naval Academy. specified and processed by theNon-commissioned officers are from Personnel Dfcpartment.November-December-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY Page Forty-three

Best Wishes from ....EXETERHOTELNOTED K)R CUSTOMER SERVICE ANDWELL STOCKED BOTTLE DEPARTMENTSEMAPHORE ROAD, EXETER, S.A. 5019Telephone: 49-6716KINDLY SPONSORED BY-—JOHN DAVIES& SONSWilh Ihe Besl Wishes and Compliments ofGERRARD WIRE TYINGMACHINES Co. Pty. Ltd.MANUFACTURERS OFSTEEL AND WIRE PRODUCTS"MUNDUNEY"SPALDING, S.A.168 GROTE STREET, ADELAIDETelephones: 51-2380, 51-2394Phone Spalding 11H. CLAUSEN58 CLOSE STREETBIRKENHEAD, S.A.•Boats Built to Specification andContractor" Shipping Repairs•Phone Enquiries to 49-8552Seasonal Greetings from . . .O. G. HOTEL PTY. LTD.(L. G. & H. J. CONLIN Props.)NORTH EAST ROAD KLEMZIG, S.A. 508Telephone: 61-1177Xmas and New Year Greetings fromGOVENOR HINDMARSHHOTELDINNER, DANCE & LUNCHEONSPhone: 46-3548For Bottle Deliver} King 46-142059 PORT ROAD BOWDEN, S.A.Young men from all parts ofThailand have joined the NavalAcademy to become the careerofficers. The naval cadets are classifiedaccording to their courses ofstudy into three branches of service:Executive, Engineering, andMarine. Each course of study is afive-year curriculum.The study programme includesthe annual training at sea. bothwithin and outside the Thai waters,with the aim of acquainting thenaval cadets with the knowledge oftheir ships, the numerous choreson board, and the many Navy disciplinesand traditions. The overseascruise provides the cadets withthe naval experiences in navigation,gunnery, academic sightseeing, andinternational harbouring procedures.A good relationship with foreigncountries is evidentally an additionalbenefit.SUBSCRIPTIONTo "The Navy",Bos CI78, Clarence Street Post Office.Sydney. N.S.W. 2000. Australia.NameStreetSuburbFORMI enclose SI.30 for Annual •Subscription to "The Navy"Post CodeStateDale(Please Print Clearly)Please make cheques, postal orders or money orders payable to"The Navy League".Subscriptions commence in January of each year, at which timea subscription reminder notice is forwarded to current subscribers—Annual Subscription $1.30.• Persons commencing subscriptions to "The Navy" magazineduring the quarter commencing APRIL (i.e. sub. for 1 i years)should remit $2.27; JULY (sub. for H years) $1.95; and OCTOBER(sub. for li years) $1.62.Subscriptions for shorter periods than 12 months cannot beaccepted.Overseas subscription rates (by air/sea mail) supplied on request.Page Forty-four THE NAVY November-December-January, 1968-69Nov. mb*r-D,c.mb.r- January 1969-69 THt NAVY Pa®. Forty-S*.

Casey CrashRepairs Pty. Ltd.RADIO CONTROLLED24 Hour Towing Service(R.A.A. Approved)Anytime —AnywherePANEL BEATINGw SPRAY PAINTING156 COMMERCIAL ROADSALISBURY, S.A. 5108Telephone: 58-1636Best Wishes and New Year Greetings fromDOVER CASTLE HOTELJ. & D. M. HARI.F.Y. Licensee47 Archer St. North Adelaide, S.A. 5006Phone: 67-1183Christmas Greetings fromDAPHNE BARRINGTONKINNANES FLORISTSMember of InterfloraFLOWERS FOR ALL OCCASIONSClaridge Arcade, 54 Gawler PlaceAdelaide, S.A.Phone: 23-5230 After Hours: 39-2270NAVAL RATINGS SCHOOLAll men from all parts of Thailandreceive an extensive educationand training from the Naval Ratings.School and then serve The RoyalThai Navy as non-commissionedofficers. The attendants of theschool arc divided into variousbranches of service: Deck. Gunnery.Torpedo. Marine, and Engineering.The two-year course of a classroomstudy is supplemented by thetraining at sea. which is in thiscase limited within the Gulf ofThailand.Seasonal Greetings from . . .SMALL CRAFT TRIMMING& PAINTING CO.3 Richard Ave. Mitchell Park, S.A.Specialist!, in Clear FinishFor All Renovations and RepairsPhone: 76-5245PHILLIPS & HENDERSONMembers of the StockExchange of AdelaideBrook man Buildings35 GRENFELL STREETADELAIDE. 5000Telephone:8-4334-6 8-4553 8-7130INSURANCE I'NDER ONE GREAT NAMEA.M.P.Probate: Family Protection: Children's:Accident: Fin: GeneralEvery one of your insurance needs can be coveredby the A.M.P. Society or its subsidiaryA M P. Fire & General Insurance Company Ltd.Ring, Write or Call For PromptAttention To Your Insurance NeedsAustralian MutualProvident Society1 King William St., Adelaide, S.A.Phone 51-0451 Post Code: 5000Regional Offices:5 Norman St, Port Pine; Bay Rd., Ml. GamblerPhone Pt. Plries 230 Mt Gambler 2-3158RECRUIT TRAINING CENTREThe Recruit Training Centre isthe school for the basic militarytraining of the naval recruits.Young men of 20 years of age areannually recruited in accordancewith the Royal Acts of Recruitmentfor the purpose of imprintingthe military quality on their mindsand attitude. The training includesbasic infantry and basic seamanship.After the completion of theirthree-month training, they will beselected and allocated to variousdepartments of the Navy..Page Forty-six THE NAVY November-December-January, 1968-69November-December-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY Page Forty-seven

Members Support yourGOLDEN FLEECE SERVICE STATIONJEFF LAMB — LesseeCnr. Nicholson & Church Sts. North Fitzroy, Vic.GENERAL REPAIRS WELDINCi TUNE UPSSPARES ACCESSORIESPhone: 48-7878Catering Requirements For HireAt Turners Hiring ServiceSTACKING CHAIRS BRIDGE CHAIRSTABLES IRESTI.ES ROUND & POKERTABLES FORMS CROCKERY CUT-LERY GLASSWARE SILVER PUNCHBOWLS LINENTURNERSHIRING SERVICE8 MONTROSE STREETAUBURN, VIC.82-1356, 82-1578 (2 lines)After Hours 81-6706Discount Allowed To Trade9UICKPETROLSERVICECompliments of the Sc.ison from . .Mitchell's Army &Navy Stores Pty.LimitedWORKWEAR WATERPROOF CLOTHINGFOOTWEAR AND GENERALCLOTHING134 RUSSELL STREETMELBOURNETelephone 63-5785NAVAL WELFAREOTHER SOURCES OFPERSONNELThe Navy is also open to thevoluntary applications of professionalpeople to the various postsof naval officers, non-commissionedofficers, clerical, and labour personnel.These people, both men andwomen from various instituteswithin the country and abroad,serve the Royal Thai Navy at theirposts of their profession and skill.They are medical officers, clerks andskilled workers. The personnel ofthese different branches of serviceare the necessary adjunct to theRoyal Thai Navy.StELLIOTT'S TIMBER JOINERYHARDWARE PTY. LTD.ANDJoinery Works — Hardware — Builders — All Types WindowFrames — Cupboards — Wire Doors etc. Made To Order31 Frankston Rd., Dandenong, Vic.Phone: 2-1247 Phone: 79-2-1247Pago Forty-oight THE NAVY Novombor-Docombor-January, 1968-69One of the many factors that willboost the morale of all Navy personnelis the "Naval Welfare".The naval welfare includes sports,entertainments, and assistance programmes.Sports: The Navy encourages itspersonnel in the games of rugby,footftall. tennis, swimming, andsailing.Entertainments: The Navy arrangesfor dancing, music, and publiclectures.Assistance Programmes: TheNavy provides an assistance forhousing and land-lease, and otherassistances for the overall wellbeingof the Navy personnel.

COMPLIMENTS TO THENAVY FROM:GALVANISINGSERVICESPTY. LTD.ForHot Dip Galvanising6 PROMPT SERVICE•fr TOP QUALITY* CONTRACTORS TO NAVYGALVANISING SERVICESPTY. LTD.137 ROOKWOOD ROADYAGOONA. 2199, N.S.W.Telephone 709-3777THE HOTELMANLYOPPOSITE THE WHARF, MANLY, N.S.W.P.O. Box No. 146 Phone 97-1161(30 mins. ferry. 12 mins. hydrofoil from down town Sydney)Suites — Standard, luxury, family, singles, doubles, twins — A lacarte dining room, excellent cusine. comprehensive wine list —Supper room, dancing, entertainment nightly — Roof garden —Sundeck — Excellent facilities for meetings and private functions.Opposite Harbour Pool. 2 minutes glorious surfing beach, closeproximit) all sporting facilitiesCompliments lo the Navy from . . .Edwin Bowers& SonsChronometer and NauticalInstrument Makers695-697 GEORGE STREET,SYDNEY, N.S.W. 2000Agents for Heath and Co., LondonPhone: 211-4377COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE NAVY AUTHORThe Royal Thai Navy is underthe control of the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy who is, in turn,responsible directly to the SupremeCommander. The present Commander-in-Chiefis Admiral CharoonChalermtiarana.Admiral Charoon Chalermtiarana.the present Commander-in-Chief of The Royal Thai Navy,graduated from the Navy Academyin 1933 and from the SubmarineSchodl in Japan in 1936. He alsoattended the Naval Officer College,the Naval War College, and theNational Defence College.His notable positions in theNaval Service are:Commanding Officer of a submarine,Executive Officer of theNaval Academy. Aide-de-camp toH.M. King Bhumipol by the royalappointment. Commander of theAnti-submarine Warfare Squadron.Assistant Chief-of-Staff of Operations,Naval Chief-of-Staff. DeputyCommander-Commander-in-Chief,in-Chief since 1966.Rear Admiral Amorn Sirigayawas born on June 5. 1918, graduatedfrom the Naval Academy, andlater attended the Gunnery Coursein U.S.A. He once served in theKorean War as the CommandingOfficer of HTMS PRASAE. Hisappointment abroad was as thefTaval Attache at the Royal ThaiEmbassy in Manila. He is at presentthe Director of Naval OperationsDepartment.Compliments to the Navy from . . .CHAMBERS BROS.COAST BAKERIES PTY. LTD.FORRfTTEB*, nrr out run Kindly Sponsored by theMARIONHOTEL(BRONTE PARSONS. Manager)849 Marion Road Mitchell Park, S.A.PURR PURR AVENUE, LAKE ILLAWARRA, SOUTH, N.S.W.MANUFACTURERS OF "WHITEROSE" MILK BREADEnjoy a Nice Cold Glass of Beer in our BeautifulAir-Conditioned Bars and Lounges — Also ourExcellent Food & Dinner DancePhone Wol 9-1683Phone: 76-8888Pog. Fitly THE NAVY No*.mb.r-D»(.mb#r-Jonuory,November-December-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY Page Fifty-one

Compl iments of the Season from . . .Wm.PATONTHE OLD FIRM91 BELL STREET COBURG, VIC.5 doors from Sydney Road lopp. Maples)Phone: 35-20R6Compliments of the SeasonTomlinsonSteel Ltd.•82 ALBION STREETEAST BRUNSWICK,Telephone: 36-2805VIC.Enjoy . . .Support TheRED CROSSBecome A Blood Donor TodayRemember The Life You SaveMAY BE YOUR OWNCompliments of the Season from —Lempriere(Aust.) Pty. Ltd.WOOLBUYERS•522 LITTLE COLLINS ST.,MELBOURNETelephone: 62-7071The Hospitality & Civility Extended to all Navy Personnel at theBRITTANIAHOTELMorris Street, Williamstown, Vic."A NAVY LANDMARK FROM WAY BACK"Phone: 397-5307Modem New Lounge Buili For Your ComfortAUSTRALIAN SEA CADET CORPS& R.A.N.R. SCHOOL CADETS NEWSAn "old boy" of the SouthportSchool had a captive audience onthe oval of the Brisbane GrammarSchool. GPS rivals, when theDeputy Chief of the Naval Staff,Rear Admiral H. D. Stevenson reviewedthe Annual Sea Cadet Ceremonialon Sunday. October 13.I96tt. Cadets for the parade hadbeen drawn from TS GAYUN-DAH (New Farm. Brisbane). TSMAGNUS (Church of EnglandGrammar School). TS PALUMA(Stafford. Brisbane) and TS TYAL-GUM (Gold Coast). Over threehundred Officers. Instructors andCadets went through the complicatedmanoeuvres of full battaliondrill nefore a large gathering ofparents and well wishers.After an address of welcomefrom the State President of theNavy League. Commander N. S.Pixley. M.B.E.. V.R.D.. R.A.N.R..the Admiral presented Cadet ForcesMedals to Sea Cadet CommanderP. V. O. Fleming, former CommandingOfficer of MAGNUS, Lt.Cmdr. L. Burke. A.S.C.C. DivisionalExecutive Officer and Lt. J.B. Mayne, A.S.C.C. Divisional AdministrativeOfficer. Trophies fotthe various inter-Unit competitionswere received by nominated Cadetsfrom Units, and notable amongthese were the N.O.I.C's Shield forthe most improved Unit, won byT.S. MAGNUS and the R.S.L.Shield, for the best metropolitanUnit won by T.S. PALUMA whichas the Division's most efficient Unitalso regained custody of the DivisionalColour held in 1967-8 byT.S. GAYUNDAH.The Colour was transferred in aspecial ceremony held after theinitial parade, and separatedi fromit by a display in which a crew ofeighteen cadets from PALUMAparaded the 12 pdr. Field Gun. Withthe judicious aid of thunderflashes,the gun was fired three times andQUEENSLAND SEA CADET CEREMONIAL 1968then withdrawn at the double.For the transfer of the Colour,the GAYUNDAH Colour Escort,with the Colour borne by Lt. W.Macdonald. A.S.C.C.. led the fourUnits back onto the parade area,where the Colour was transferredby the Admiral to Lt. D. L. J.Skennerton. A.S.C.C. the PALU-MA Colour Officer. PALUMA EscortCommander. Lt. K. V. Mc-Guire. A.S.C.C.. then assumed controlof the parade which concludedwith the Ceremony of Sunset.Report on training and activitiesundertaken by the Australian SeaCadet Corps and the R.A.N.R.School Cadets for the quarter endingSeptember 30. 1968.Periods of 7 days' continuoustraining were carried out by thefollowing Units:Sydney Grammar R.A.N.R.School Cadet Unit:HMAS WATSON (accommodation)— 20-8-68 to 27-8-68.HMAS PENGUIN (training) —20-8-68 to 27-8-68.St. Ives High School R.A.N.R.Cadet Unit:HMAS STALWART — 23-8-68to 25-8-68.HMAS WATSON — 25-8-68 to30-8-68.In addition a Cadet EngineeringMechanic Course of 7 days durationwas conducted in HMAS NIRIMBAfrom 25-8-68 lo 1-9-68. The Cadetscomprising 10 in number wereselected from various Units. Theyarc to be commended for theirdiligence and attention to study asall 10 passed the examination toqualify for the specialist badge.Weekend training for Sea Cadetsand Naval Reserve School Cadetstook place in the following shipsand establishments:HMAS SYDNEY, July 12-14.Throughout the parade the Cadetshad the assistance of the R.A.N.R.Band from HMAS MORETON.When Senior Officer. Queensland,Lt. Cmdr. L. D. M. Roberts wastaken ill. the Divisional CeremonialOfficer. Lt. D. J. Grimley, A.S.C.C.,look over the parade in the hterstages of rehearsal and his excellentslaff work and the enthusiasm ofall hands ensured Ihe success ofthis, ihe largest parade ever attemptedby Ihe Units of the QueenslandDivision.NEW SOUTH WALES DIVISIONHMAS CRESWELL. July 19-21.HMAS ANZAC. July 26-28.HMAS DERWENT, Augusl 9-11.HMAS DERWENT, August 16-18.HMAS WATSON. August 16-18.HMAS VAMPIRE, Augusl 23-25.HMAS STALWART. Sept. 13-15.HMAS ANZAC, Sept. 13-15.HMAS WATSON. Sept. 20-22.On Sunday. July 21, Scois CollegeR.A.N.R. School Cadets receiveda full days instruction insailing at Snapper Island.Arrangements were made for theSydney Grammar R.A.N.R. SchoolCadets and the Scots CollegeR.A.N.R. School Cadets to attendLong Bay Rifle Range for a .303Shoot on the week days of July9 and 10. and August 20 and 21respectively.The Annual New South WalesCadet Small Bore Rifle Championshipswere held in HMAS WATSONon Saturday, August 17. TS SYD-NEY was again this year ihe winnerof the Training Officer's Trophy.On Sunday. September 22, theAnnual Athletics Meeting was heldai Cahill Park. Arncliffe. the hostUnit being TS SIR1US.TS HAWKESBURY. the newCadet Unit at Gosford, receivedPas. Fifty-two THE NAVY Nov«mb.r-D.c.mb«r-January, 1November-December-January, 1968-69Page Fifty-three

Wishing all Naval League MembersA Merry Christmas and aHappy New YearS.A. StevedoringCo. Pty. Ltd.•LIPSON STREETPORT ADELAIDEPhones:4-1468 (2 lines) 4-2039Seasonal Greetings from . . .MCLAREN VALE WINEPTY. LTD.VINTAGE DRY RF.D SPECIALISTSContract Bottling hy AppointmentBox 30, McLarenvale, South AustraliaTelephone: McLaren Flat 80Best Wishes and New Year Greetings from —THE HALFWAYOODLA WIRRA, S.A.HOTEL(Your Genial Hosts. R D. & C R. MildenhalllDrop in for a convivial glass in afriendly atmosphereLEADING BRANDS OF ALES. WINESAND SPIRITSPhone: OODLA WIRRA 5With Compliments and Best WishesCRAFERS HOTEL(D. M. & L. N. HeinickelSUPERIOR DINING ROOMFor Dinner and Social EngagementsSpacious I.ounge and BarMTBARKER ROAD CRAFERS, S.A.Phone: 39-2050Compliments of the Season from . . .Norman J. Hurll &Co. (Vic) Pty. Ltd.140 CRITTENDEN ROADFINDON, S.A.•official Naval Board recognition inJuly.A Guard of Honour for 48 SeaCadets was paraded for Rear-Admiral D. C. Wells, Flag Officerin-Charge,East Australia Area onthe occasion of the Legacy MemorialService held in the DockyardChapel. Garden Island on Sunday.September 1.TS WARREGO. the HuntersHill Unit, held their Annual Ballin the local Town Hall on Saturday.August 31. The Guest ofHonour was Rear-Admiral D. C.Wells. Flag Officer-in-Charge. EastAustralia Area.Officers. Instructors and Cadetsfrom TS PARRAMATTA participatedin the Opening Day Ceremonyat the Royal Motor YachtClub. Point Piper on Saturday.September 7.On the last Tuesday in July,August and September. SelectionBoards were convened in HMASWATSON to determine the suitabilityboth of Officers and Instructorsfor promotion and of personnelseeking appointment to the CadetForce.L. MACKAY-CRUISE.Attention Navy MenLieut.-Cmdr. R.A.N.R.Senior OfficerA number of Sea Cadet Units are in need of additional adult personnelwith Service background to instruct Cadets. Anyone who may be prepared togive of his time on Saturday afternoons is asked to please contact the CadetLiaison Officer, Lieutenant McPherson, H.M.A.S. WATSON, telephone 37-1311extension 256 between 0800 and 1530 for further particulars.The Units concerned are:—UnitT.S. ALBATROSST.S. HAWKESBURYT.S. PARRAMATTAT.S. SIRIUST.S. SHROPSHIRET.S. WARREGOLocationWollongongGosfordRydalmereArndiffeCanterburyHunter'sCadets range from 14''to 19 years of age and Units parade on Saturdays.HillBest Wishes from .MILLICENT GARDENCENTRE("Member Interflora")For all Types of Flowers. Bouquets.Sheaves. Posies, and Floral Tributes41 GEORGE STREET MILLICENT, S.A.Phone: Millicent 33-2650After Hours: Millicent 33-2609FURNACE BUILDERSRefractory Experts — CombustionEngineers•PHONE 45-9022After Hours: 57-3363, 62-3338Seasonal Greetings from . . .F. W. GURNEYMember of InterfloraFlorist and Garden ShopFLOWERS FOR ALL OCCASIONS221 ST VINCENTS ST. PORT ADELAIDE, S.A.Phone: 4-1020 — After Hours: 49-7173Pago Fifty-four THE NAVY Novombor-Docombor-Januory, 1968-69NovamtMr-Dacmbcr-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY Pag* Fifty-*".

100 YEARS OLD !C. A. Henschke & Co.WINEMAKERSKEYNETON, S.A.Phone: 223IT IS WIT H GREAT PRIDE THATC. A. HENSCHKE & CO.ANNOUNCE THEIR ICOlh ANNIVERSARYWe look forward to the coming yearsand the future they holdHenschke Distributors Eor S.A. . . .CHESSER CELLARS PTY. LTD.29 Chester Street. AdelaideTelephone: 23-5988Kindly sponsored with Best Wishes from .E. H. URLWINCRUSH TERRACE WAIKERIE, S.A.LAND AGENT & BROKERTAX CONSULTANTPhone Waikerie 466 & S9SBest Wishes from . .TRIDENT MARINEMOTORS326 GOODWOOD RD DAW PARK, S.A.For Sales and Service and Distributors forTURBO JET PROPULSIONPhone: 76-2963Best Wishes & New Yearfrom . . .STANLEY WINEGreetingsCO.DOMINIC STREET CLARE, S.A.Telephone: Clare 2-854Seasonal Greetings fromTHOMAS The Florist(Member of Inter Flora)Ripley Arcade Mt. Gambier, S.A. 5290Phone: Mt. Gambier 2-2548For Flowers for All Occasionsand Delivery ServiceMI-FANCYMI-FANCY CORRECT BUDGIE DIETMI-FANCY SPECIAL CANARY MIXMI-FANCY FINCH MIXTUREMI-FANCY PARROT FOODMI-FANCY CANARY MIXTUREAVAILABLE AT ALL GROCERYSTORESAUSTRALIAN SEA CADET CORPSThe Australian Sea Cadet Corps isa voluntary organisation administeredby the Commonwealth NavalBoard and The Navy League ofAustralia.The aim of the Australian SeaCadet Corps is to provide for thespiritual, social and educational welfareof boys and to develop in themcharacter, a sense of patriotism,self-reliance, citizenship and discipline.Uniforms are supplied free ofcharge.If you art between the ages of 13 and 18 yearsCadets are noI required to undergoany medical examination and arefully lowed against accident whileoa duty.Parades are held on Saturday afternoonsand certain Units hold anadditional parade one night a week.The interesting syllabus of trainingcovers a wide sphere and includesseamanship, handling of boatsunder sail and power, navigation,physical training, rifle shooting, signalling,splicing of wire and ropes.general sporting activities and othervaried subjects.Instructional camps are arrangedfor Sea Cadets in Naval Establishments,and they are also givenopportunities, whenever possible, toundertake training at sea in shipsof the Royal Australian Navy.Cadets, if considering a sea career,are given every assistance to jointhe Royal Australian Navy, theMercantile Marine or the RoyalAustralian Naval Reserve, but thereis no compulsion to join these Services.For further information pteaae contact the Divisional Senior Officer in your State, uling theForm provided below.Senior Officers, Australian Sea Cadet CorpsNEW SOUTH WALES: "El Abrigo", 4 Rangers Ave..Cremome, 2090.QUEENSLAND: C/- Box 376E, G.P.O., Brisbane,4001.SOUTH AUSTRALIA: C/- Box 1529M. G.P.O.,Adelaide. 5001.TASMANIA: C/-TO: The Senior Officer,Australian Sea Cadet CorpsVICTORIA: C/- Room 8, 8th Floor, 528 Collins St,Melbourne, 3000.WESTERN AUSTRALIA: C/- 182 Coode St., Como.6152.AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY: IndustryHouse, National Circuit, Barton, 2600.NORTHERN TERRITORY: Box 444, P.O., Darwin,5794.I am interested in joining the Australian Sea Cadet Corps and would bepleased to receive further information.NAMESTREET.STATE OR TERRITORY.PHONE NoSUBURB(Please print clearly)POST CODEAGEPlease address your envelope to the Senior Officer in your State or Territory—teelist of addresses aboveTHE NAVYPago Fifty-six THE NAVY November-December-January, 1968-

Space kindly donated bycourtesy of —BRUMMEL'SCoffee Shop95 TOORAK ROADSOUTH YARRA, VIC.FOR DELICOIUSFOR DELICIOUS DINNERSAND SUPPERSPhone: 26-5975BEST WISHES FROM —Baker & DaviesPty. Ltd.JOINERY AND BUILT-INCUPBOARD SPECIALISTS618 SOUTH ROADMOORABBIN,VICTORIATelephone: 95-3763Compliments of the Season from . . .B.C.N. AGENCIESPTY. LTD.178 COLLINS STREETMELBOURNEPUBLISHERS REPRESENTATIVES,BOOKSELLERS, SUBSCRIPTIONAGENTSTelephone: 63-4144Compliments to the R.A.N, from .The House of HoigYounghusbandLtd.Agents for Victoria and the RiverinaforHAIG WHISKYLook for it on the Shelf94 KING STREETMELBOURNETelephone: 62-7311Page Fifty-eight THE NAVY November-December-January, 1968-69DEFENCE REPORT, 1968THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVYText of the Annual Report presented to Parliament by the Honourable Allen:Fairhall, M.P., Minister for Defence.The Royal Australian Navy isresponsible in time of war for thefollowing tasks, which it mayundertake, when appropriate, withsister services:• The detection and destructionof enemy forces which threatenour control of the sea areas orwhich are making use of the seafor purposes inimical to our interests.• The provision of offensive anddefensive support to friendly forces.• The protection of militaryshipping and merchant shippingwhich is vital to the national economy.• The provision of seawardsecurity of ports and anchoragessupporting our own and alliedoperations.• The provision of supportfacilities and ancillary services asrequired.To carry out these tasks the RoyalAustralian Navy has a balancedfleet equipped with modern shipsand aircraft. In addition to theHMAS HOBART,39 ships in service on June 30.1968. the R.A.N, by the end of1968-69 will have a further 12new patrol boats in service, a thirdsubmarine in commission and newaircraft will be flying from the deckof the modernised carrier HMASMELBOURNE.In addition, two new destroyerescorts will be nearing completionin Australian shipyards and a fourthsubmarine is under construction inBritain.Australia is an island continentsituated on the periphery of Asiabetween two great oceans, and isrelatively isolated from the rest ofthe world. The mobility, flexibilityand state of preparedness of theR.A.N, makes it capable of quickreaction to any threat which mightdevelop in Australia's area of strategicinterest.The R.A.N's continued modernisationprogramme, with significantprogress in anti-submarine and antiaircraftmissiles, will give theR.A.N, more firepower and flexibilitythan ever before.Australia's third guided missile destroyer which has recentlyjoined the fleetOVERSEAS ACTIVITIESVIETNAMThe Royal Australian Navy has.maintained one guided missile destroyerin the Vietnam area as anintegrated unit of the U.S. Navy s.Seventh Fleet since March. 1967.The ships to undertake this commitment.HMA ships PERTH andHOBART, have both served withdistinction. Both ships have beenengaged in bombardment tasks offIhe coast of North and South Vietnamdestroying enemy supply routesand installations. On numerousoccasions they have been engagedin action with enemy coastal batteries.HOBART. in two periods of deploymentto the area and PERTHin one visit, have together firedmore than 30.000 rounds from theirfive-inch guns. Both ships have frequentlycommanded U.S. Navy taskunits when operating off the coastof North Vietnam.The R.A.N, further increased itscommitment to the Vietnam war inOctober, 1967 when eight navalhelicopter pilots, four observerofficers, four aircrcwmen and 30ground staff were deployed as anintegral part of a U.S. Armyassault helicopter company providinghelicopter support to alliedforces in South Vietnam. Eight helicopterpilots have also been providedto assist manning No. 9Squadron R.A.A.F. in support of theAustralian Task Force.A clearance diving team has beenatlached to U.S. Naval forces inVietnam since March 1967 whilean R.A.N, detachment has servedin the Australian National Linecargo ship IEPARIT as replacementfor 18 members of the Seamen'sUnion since March 1967.The troop transport, HMASSYDNEY, has made eleven returnpassages to Vietnam since mid-1965. In the past financial year shemade four passages to Vung Taufrom Sydney, Brisbane and Ade-Nov.mb.r-D.cmb.r-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY Pag. Rfty-nln.

Compliments of the Season from . . .VestaBatteriesEXIDB BATTERIES—MASSEBATTERIESPriced lo Suil your Pocket from SI0,981-3 Otter Street Collingwood, Vic.Phone: 41-742428 Wrens Road Moorabbin, Vic.Phone: 95-7000220 Bay Street Port Melbourne, Vic.Phone: 64-3051Compliments of the Season from . . .Stanford & PilleyPty. Ltd.90 STEPHENSON STREETRICHMOND,VIC.Peerless Paints and Varnishand BrushwareTelephone: 42-2204Wishing All Members the Besi for 68-6990 PARA ROADMONTMORENCY,VIC.FRIENDLY. KIND PEOPLE IN AWONDERFUL HOMELY ATMOSPHERESPACIOUS WELL KEPT GROUNDS.WARM BEDSTelephone: 43-3552This Space Donated by:F. E. ParsonsPty. Ltd.CUSTOMS AGENTS495 COLLINS STREETMELBOURNE61-3857 Phone 61-3857laide. carrying Australian troopsand their equipment.STRATEGIC RESERVEThe R.A.N, has deployed continuallytwo ships to the Far EastStrategic Reserve under the operationalcontrol of the Royal NavalCommander Far East Fleet. Shipsto have served in the reserve during1967-68 are HMA Ships VAM-PIRE. DERWENT, YARRA, PAR-RAMATTA. STUART and VEN-DETTA.EXERCISESIn July 1967 four R.A.N, shipstook part in the SEATO exerciseSEA DOG in the South China Sea.together with ships and aircraftfrom the United States, the Philippines,United Kingdom, Thailandand New Zealand. The exercisewas jointly sponsored by Australiaand the United States and wasdirected by the Flag Officer Commandingthe Australian Fleet.In July and August 1968 six unitsof the R.A.N, took part in exercisesoff New Zealand with NewZealand, United States and .Britishships.The minesweepers SNIPE, HAWKand GULL took part in a minesweepingexercise in the SingaporeTho patrol boot HMAS ATTACK turn, on a bunt of ipoodTwo mombors of Hn R.A.N't popular Now Guiitoa Olvltjon proparo to tokoa tllght In a Ftoot Air Aim W.iui HotlcopiorPog. Sixty IHE NAVY Novombor-D.c.mbor-January, 1961-69Nov.mbor-Doc.mbor-January, 1968-49 THE NAVY Pag* Sixty-on.

.area from June 9 to 17. followinga similar exercise in the Philippines.SURVEYING ANDOCEANOGRAPHICRESEARCHK.A.N. hydrographic surveys werecarried out primarily in the NewGuinea area during 1967-68. Themajor survey vessel. HMASMORESBY. established and surveyedshipping routes off the easterncoast of the Territory. The smallervessel. HMAS PALUMA. continuedher survey of the HowickGroup and the restricted watersnorth of Fahcy Reef, in the GreatBarrier Reef, and later surveyedGoschen Strait near New Guinea.The oceanographic research ship.HMAS D1AMANTINA. carried outscientific cruises for the CSIROand for university scientists off thecoast of Western Australia, in IheGreat Australian Bight, and theTasmun and Coral Seas. DIAMAN-T1NA worked at times with theUnited States research ship VEMAand also the trials vessel HMASKIMBI.A.KIMBLA carried out independentscientific cruises while theminesweeper HMAS TEAL carriedout preliminary surveys in theCoral Sea. Another minesweeper,HMAS IBIS, surveyed Ihe northernapproaches to Fremantle, W.A.I AircraftCarrier:3 Guided Missile Destroyers:J Daring Class Destroyers:3 Coastal Minesweepers:3 Submarines:8 Patrol Boats:Training Ships:1 Battle Class Destroyer:Operational Reserve:3 Coastal Minesweepers:I TroopTransport:I Destroyer Tender:1 Fleet Oiler:I SurveyShip:I Coastal Survey Ship:1 Survey and Oceanographic Ship:1 Trials and Oceanographic Ship:2 Reserve Training Ships:THE FLEETHMAS MELBOURNE(Flagship)HMA Ships PERTH, HOBART andBRISBANEHMA Ships VAMPIRE, VEN-DETTA and DUCHESS4 River Class (Type 12) Destroyer HMA Ships YARRA. PARRA-Escorts: MATTA, STUART and DER-WENT.HMA Ships HAWK. GULL andSNIPEHMA Submarines OXLEY andOTWAY and HMS TRUMP whichis operated by the R.A.N, on loanfrom the Royal NavyHMA Ships ATTACK, ADVANCE,SAMARI. AITAPE. LAE, ACUTE,ARCHER and AWARE.HMASANZACI Type 15 Destroyer Escort: HMAS QUEENBOROUGHHMA Ships CURLEW, TEAL andIBISSUPPORT SHIPSHMAS SYDNEY (also used fortraining)HMAS STALWARTHMAS SUPPLYHMAS MORESBYHMAS PALUMAHMAS DIAMANTINAHMAS KIMBLAHMA Ships BASS and BANKSBest Wishes & New Year Greetings from . . .PETER & DIANNE GRABIASANDERY'S RUNDLE HOTEL Pty. Ltd.85 RUNDLE STREET ADELAIDE, S.A.Phone: 23-4446•h Where the Welcome is Warm and the Beer Nice andCold — A Nice Place to Staylo Reserve:1 Battle Class Destroyer:HMAS TOBRUK.2 Type 15 Destroyer Escorts: HMA Ships QUICKMATCH and3 Support Ships:QUIBERONHMA Ships CULGOA, BARCOOand GASCOYNE1 Oberon Class Submarine:12 Patrol Boats:COMMISSIONING IN 1968-69HMAS OVENSHMA Ships ARROW, ASSAIL.ADROIT, BARBETTE, ARDENT.LADAVA. BARRICADE, BOM-BARDIER, MADANG, BUCCANEER, BANDOLIER and BAYO-NETTHE FUTURE2 River Class (Type 12) Destroyer HMA Ships SWAN and TOR-Escorts:Oberon Class Submarine:RENS. due for completion 1969-70HMAS ONSLOW due in Australialate 1970.Squad roos:723 Squadron:724 Squadron:725 Squadron:805 Squadron:816 Squadron:817 Squadron:851 Squadron:NEW SHIPS,SUBMARINESThe R.A.N's third guided missiledestroyer.HMAS BRISBANE completed her final acceptance trials,in May 1968. BRISBANE then begana programme of work-up trainingoff the west coast of the U.S.under the direction of the CommanderU.S. Fleet Training Group-Pacific.Australia's first submarine formore than three decades. HMASOXLEY, arrived in Australia inAugust 1967. and has taken partin training exercises with units ofthe Australian fleet. The secondsubmarine of the class, HMASOTWAY. underwent a programmeof work-up training in Britain aftercommissioning on April 23. 1968.THE FLEET AIR ARMAnother two submarines of thisclass,HMA Ships OVENS and ON-Helicopter pilot training and search SLOW, are expected to arrive inand rescue duties. Iroquois and Australia in 1969 and 1970 respectively.The British submarine HMSScout helicopters.Various types of aircraft involved TABARD, which was on loan toin fixed wing pilot training, communicationsAustralia, has returned to Britainand Fleet requirements and HMS TRUMP, the last R.N.and trials. Sea Venoms and Vampiresubmarine on loan to the R.A.N..trainers.will complete her service early inAnti-submarine helicopter and Fleet require-ment duties. Wessex 3IB helicopters. Two destroyer escorts are nearingthe final stages of building in-Front-line and training Squadron(A and B flight). Skyhawk aircraft. Australian yards. HMAS TOR-Front-line anti-submarine duties. RENS is being built at CockatooTracker aircraft.Island Dockyard. Sydney, andFront-line squadron of anti-submarineHMAS SWAN at Williamstowirhelicopters. Wessex 31A heli-Naval Dockyard, Melbourne. Theycopters. (Mark 31B's from January are expected to commission during1969.)1969 and 1970 respectively.Tracker training squadron for pilots, On June 30, 1968. a total ofobservers and aircrewmen. Twinengineeight patrol boats were in serviceconversion pilot training. with the R.A.N. The final 12 willTracker and Dakota aircraft. enter service in 1968-69.Best Wishes to Members of the Royal Australian Navy,R.A.N.R„ R.A.N.V.R., and Navy League Members:MICK AND LEILA BATCHELORSHIPWRIGHTSHOTEL26 TRUMPETER STREET BATTERY POINT, HOBART"A COOL BEER AND A WARM WELCOME AWAITS YOU"TELEPHONE: 2-5551fog* Sixty-two THE NAVY Nov*mb*r-D«c6mb«r- Jan wary.Navmihar-Daoinbar- January, 1961-69 THE NAVY Siity-Hiffo

Compliments of the Season from:RAPIDE LAUNDRY &DRY CLEANMG CO.PTY. LTD.•13 WILLIAMS ROADNORTH COBURG, VIC.Phone: 35-6171BrysonIndustriesLtd.JAGUAR SALES —HEAD OFFICE192 EXHIBITION ST., MELBOURNEPhone: 662-2144BRYSON INDUSTRIES (VIC.)PTY. LTD.JAGUAR SERVICE AND SPARES567 Bridge Road Richmond, Vic.Phone: 42-1551162 Sturt Street, Sth. MelbournePhone: 662-2144Compliments of the Season from . . .Palm Beach FashionsPty. Ltd.Manufacturers of Girls' Beachwearand SlacksCnr. Cecil and YoungStreetsFITZROY, VIC.Phone: 41-2222, 41-2341Colin T. BlumsonConstructionsPty. Ltd.HOLT STREETMEEANDAH,BRISBANEEnquiries Phone 60-4258-9CONVERSIONSThe extended refit of HMASMELBOURNE for alterations andupdating of equipment necessaryfor operation of Tracker and Skyhawkaircraft is scheduled to becompleted by the end of 1968 andthe air group will be embarkedearly in 1969 for trials and workup.The modernisation of the weaponssystems in the Daring class destroyers,HMA Ships VAMPIREand VENDETTA, will take placein 1970 and 1971 respectively.PERSONNELA total of 16,454 officers, sailorsand Wrans was serving in the PermanentNaval Forces on June 30.1968. The estimated strength onJune 30, 1969, is 17,510. Theofficer strength on June 30 was1,814 and will rise to an estimated1.950 in the next year.At the start of 1968 the R.A.N.College at Jervis Bay began degreecourses in science and engineeringfor selected cadets. These cadetswill undertake the first year oftheir studies at the college and ifsuccessful will study for three orfour years at the University ofN.S.W. Cadets may take their engineeringdegrees in either generalor electrical engineering.The R.A.N, continues to provideeight officers and a small numberof sailors on loan to the RoyalMalaysian Navy and trains R.M.N,penionnel in Australia.FLEET AIR ARMOperational flying training forTracker and Skyhawk aircraft crewshas begun in Australia under instructionof R.A.N, officers whohave received training in the U.S.and Canada. Ground training ofmaintenance personnel is also beingundertaken at the Naval AirStation. Nowra. N.S.W.Torpodo trial, by HMAS BRISBANE In Pugot SoundPAPUA-NEW GUINEADIVISIONThe first four Pacific Islandsofficers to form the nucleus of thePapua-New Guinea Division completeda 12-months academic courseat HMAS TARANGAU, Manusbland, in 1967 and in March 1968began training at HMAS CER-BERUS in Victoria with R.A.N.Supplementary List seamen midshipmen.A further 33 recruits entered theP.N.G. Division during 1967-68,bringing the number of new recruitslo a total of 4 officers and 104sailors. A total of 52 older memberscontinue to serve with thedivision at HMAS TARANGAU.Seventeen P.N.G. sailors wereserving in three patrol boats deployedin the New Guinea areaon June 30.W.R.A.NAOn June 30, 1968, a total oftwenty-three officers and 595 Wranscarried out a wide variety of Navalduties in shore establishments.A Women's Royal AustralianNaval Service Reserve came intobeing on July II. 1968. It will havean eventual strength of 600 reservistswho will be available, ifrequired, for full-time service.NAVAL RESERVE FORCESThe Citizen Naval Forces had astrength of 4,047 officers and sailorson June 30, 1968. In addition therewere 904 members of the R.A.N.Emergency Reserve. A total of 183Reservists were serving full timewith the R.A.N.A strong training drive resultedin more than 90 per cent of R.A.N.Reserve personnel completingperiods of continuous training in1967-68. By the end of 1968, Reservistswill have allotted for trainingpurposes the patrol boats HMAShips ARCHER, ARROW, AD-ROIT and ARDENT as well as thegeneral purpose vessels HMA ShipsBASS and BANKS.i CIVIL PERSONNELI A total of 10.654 civilians were•employed by the Department offag* Sixty-four THE NAVY Nov,mbor-D«comb»r-January,Nev,mb«r-D.

Compliments fromI. L. WISEManufacturers ofQuality Men's Suits & UniformsMen's Wear360 LITTLE BOURKE ST.,MELBOURNETelephone: 67-9979SupportthtBLOOD BANKBecome a blooddonor NOWRemember, the life youSave may he your ownthe Navy on June 30. 1968. Approximatelyhalf of the civilianemployees work at the Garden Islandand Williamstown dockyards.Naval Skyhawk Fighter-Bombvri during mid-air refuellingBUILDINGS, WORKSAND HOUSINGThis Space Kindly Donated by . .J. C. WatsonPty. Ltd.333 Lygon StreetCarlton, Vic.Greetings to all H.M.A.S. Cerebus Personneland Families from your . .A.M.P. SocietyLife AssuranceRepresentativesMessrs. Ashton and John l.athamFOR ALL YOUR INSURANCE NEEDSLIFE — FIRE - ACCIDENTAustralia's Largest Office — A Purely MutualOffice where All Profits Belong to the PolicyHolders12 RITCHIE STREETFRANKSTON, VIC.Phone: 78-3-2822Expenditure on buildings andworks during 1967-68 was S6.82Sm.being $.248m less than the previousyear. In addition $.7l6m was advancedto the States under the Comtflonwealth/StatesHousing Agreementas payment towards the costof 150 houses and flats for occupationby Naval personnel.Major projects begun during theyear included a new galley, diningand recreation building and threebarrack blocks at the Junior RecruitTraining Establishment. HMASLEEUW1N. at Fremantle, WesternAustralia, further development atlhe Naval Armament Depot. Kingswood.New South Wales, and improvementsto runways a; the NavalAir Station, Nowra, New SouthWales.Provision has been made for theexpenditure of $6.900m on furtherworks in 1968-69. These will-includethe reconstruction of the SutherlandN«w man for th« Aircraft Carri«iHMAS MELBOURNE9aam Sixtv-tlx THE NAVY Nov»mb»r-D«c*mb«r- January,Nov*mb*r-D«c*mb«r-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY fog* Slxty-Mvwi

BEST WISHES FROM —CRAIG MOSTYN& CO. PTY. LTD.1 ESSEX STREETFREMANTLE, W.A.MerchantsImporters & ExportersPhone: 5-1223MELVILLE CATERERS(Mrs. E. M. Richardson, Propess.)BY APPOINTMENT — THE NAVYBALLThe Catering Specialists For:WEDDINGS. PARTIES. SPORTING ANDSOCIAL FUNCTIONS* SEA CADETS — Remember. ForYour Function:MELVILLE CATERERS224 PRESTON POINT RD.BICTON, W.A.Phone: 39-3090Best wishes to R.A.N, personnel from . . .WALLER & SONSPTY. LTD.* SHIPS CHANDLERS AND PROVIDORES122 AUGUSTUS STREETGERALDTON, W.A.A FIRM WELL KNOWN ANDRESPECTEDTHROUGHOUT R A N. CIRCLESPhone Geroldton 21-1889A.H. Buff Point 23-1255Greetings to all R.A.N.Personnel fromWalker & HolmesPty. Ltd.57 QUEEN VICTORIA ST.,FREMANTLE, W.A.SHIPS CHANDLERS AND BUTCHERSPhones: 5-2571, 5-3119Wharf ($ 1.600m) and other improvements($.320m) at CockatooIsland Dockyard, Sydney, the constructionof wardroom and apprentices- barracks at HMAS NIRIMBA,Quakers Hill, Sydney (S1.447m),barracks, sick bay, swimming pooland stores buildings at HMASLEEUWIN, Fremantle, WesternAustralia ($1.080m), a barracksblock for junior sailors at HMASCERBERUS, Westernport, Victoria(S.426m). an avionics workshop andfurther improvements to the NavalAir Station, Nowra, New SouthWales ($.850m), woodworking andpreservation plant at the NavalStores Depot, Randwick, NewSouth Wales (S.234m), new craneand miscellaneous technical facilitiesand extension of engineering servicesat Garden Island Dockyard($1.160m) and the construction offifteen houses at the Naval radiostation at Coonawarra, near Darwin.NAVY EXPENDITUREOn June 30, 1968, 2,703 housesor flats were available throughoutAustralia and New Guinea forR.A.N, personnel and their familiesand another 177 were being built.Provision has been made in 1968-69for SI.054m to be advanced to theStates towards the cost of a further321 married quarters for rental byservice personnel and twenty additionalhouses will be authorised forconstruction under the 1968-69Works Programme.The chart below shows the major categories of proposed expenditure for the Navy in 1968-69 comparedwith actual expenditure in the previous financial year.Service Pay and AllowancesCivil SalariesGenera]MaintenanceExpensesMaintenance ofStoresEquipmentEstimated Actual1968-69 1967-6854.44348.02330.52412.81329.77511.474Maintenance of Buildings andWorks 3.614NavalAircraftConstructionPurchase47.449.481Capital Equipment 14.103Buildings. Works. Sites & Housing 7.990Recoverable Expenditure for otherGovernments 2.484lotal from Appropriations 215.150Outlays from United States Credits 18.57227.44712.58923.3152.68249.200.51910.6877.551•.022190.68732.80510 20 30 40 50 60TOTAL NAVY 233.722 223.492 •In 1967-68 whilst expenditure woi $3.047m it wasoffset by receipts of S3.025m. For 1968-69 the receipts willbe paid direct to revenue.Poge Sixty-eight THE NAVY November-December-January, 1November-December-January. 1968-69 THE NAVY Page Sixty-nine

COMPLIMENTS from .G. & J. JAMES•fr PASTRY COOKS84 CHARLES STREET, SEDDONPhone: 68-5573575 BARKLY STREET. WESTFOOTSCRAY, VIC.Phone: 68-3472High Class Cakes and PastriesPhone Your Order NowCollins CleaningService Pty. Ltd.(R. W. KELLY,PROP.)Vinyl Specialist — Office CleaningFloor Polishing — Windows, Etc.50 EXHIBITION STREETMELBOURNE63-3424 Phone 49-4712"The Civilian Arm of the Mavy MCompliments from MARTIN THOMPSON attheGOLDENFLEECEHOTELCnr. Montague Streetand Burkhurst StreetSOUTHMELBOURNEPhone: 69-4093Counter Lunch Daily 12-2 p.m. Mon. — Sat."When on Leave pop in for a ConvivialDrink"CATHIESAUTHORISEDNEWSAGENCY660 GLENFERRIE ROADGLENFERRIE, VIC.* FOR ALL YOUR NEWSAGENCYREQUIREMENTS* MAGAZINES. PERIODICALSNEWSPAPERS* GAMES, CARDS FOR EVERYOCCASIONPROMPT AND COURTEOUS SERVICEALWAYSTelephone: 81-2621THE NAVYTo: The Secretary,The Navy League of Australia,LEAGUE OF AUSTRALIAApplication for Membership( Division).Sir,I am desirous of becoming a Member of the Navy League of Australia with whoseobjects I am in sympathy.(Mr.)Name (Mrs.(Miss)(Rank)Please Print Clearly.Street Suburb _State Post CodeSignatureEnclosed is a remittance for $4.20 being my first annualsubscription.AFTER COMPLETION, THIS FORM SHOULD BE DISPATCHED TO YOURIONAL SECRETARY — NOTE LIST OF ADDRESSES ABOVE.DateThe principal objective of the a valuable reserve for ihe NavalDIVISIONSNavy League of Australia is to Service.New South Wales — Box 1719,stress the vital importance of SeaG.P.O., Sydney, 2001.Power to the Commonwealth of We invite you to swell our ranksVictoria — Room 8, 8th Floor, 528Nations and the important role and so keep up to date with MaritimeAffairs to help to build anCollins Street, Melbourne, 3000.played by the Royal AustralianNavy.ever-increasing weight of informed Queensland — Box 376E, O.P.O.,public opinion. The Navy League Brisbane, 4001.The League, in conjunction withwill then become widely known and Tasmania —the Commonwealth Naval Board,exercise an important influence inadministers the Australian SeaSouth Australia — Box 1529M,the life of the Australian Nation.Cadet Corps, by providing financeG.P.O., Adelaide. 5001.and technical sea training for boys The League consists of Fellows Western Australia — 182 Coodewho intend to serve in the Naval or and Associates. All British subjectswho support the objectives of Australian Capital Territory — 60Street, Como, 6152.Merchant Services, also to thosesea-minded boys, who do not intendto follow a sea career, but ship Members receive copies of the Northern Territory — C/- H.M.A.S.the League are eligible for member-Limestone Avenue, Ainslie, 2602.who given this knowledge will form League's magazine "The Navy". Melville, Darwin, 5790.DIVIS-Page Seventy THE NAVY November-December-January, 1968-November-December-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY Page S«venty-on«

Tibaldi SmallgoodsPty. Ltd.7-21 LENS STREETCOBURG, VICTORIAPhone: 35-4363•If Its a Sandwich make it aTibaldi, Salami or MortadellaSandwichCompliments of the Season toNaval Personnel from . . .A. Victor Leggo& Co. Pty. Ltd.•11-13 OBAN ROADRINGWOOD, VIC. 3134Telephone 870-9933D.J. & ILL.SARGEANTRear 2 Sterling CrescentSURREY HILLS, VIC.Specialists in Die PolishingPlastic Dies — Plastic MouldsDie Cast DiesTelephone: 83-3243FOODGUARDPTY. LTD.— for —Commercial Refrigeration99 BELL STREETPRESTON, VICTORIATelephone 44-1328CONTRACTORS TO ROYALAUSTRALIAN NAVYEXERCISE SILVERA large seal* NATO maritime exercise involving shipsand aircraft from nine nations, began on September 16, in theNorth Atlantic Ocean.The combined exercise, named"Silver Sands", was scheduled byAdmiral Ephraim P. Holmes. U.S.Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic(SACLANT) in Norfolk. Virginia;Admiral Sir John Bush.K.C.B.. D.S.C., Allied Commanderin-ChiefChannel (CINCHAN) inNorthwood, England, and GeneralLyman L. Lemnitzer, U.S. Army.Supreme Allied Commander (SA-CEUR) in Casteau. Belgium.Maritime forces for this NATOexercise were provided by Belgium.Federal Republic of Germany.Denmark. Netherlands. Norway.Portugal. United Kingdom. UnitedStates and Canada.In all, more than 100 ships participated.including NATO's standingnaval force Atlantic — a multinationalsquadron of destroyers andfrigates currently consisting ofvessels from the U.S.. U.K. andNetherlands.The purpose of "Silver Sands"was to exercise NATO and nationalforces and headquarters in theirdefence tasks both on the easternand western sides of the Atlantic.Fleet manoeuvres included antisubmarinewarfare, air strikes, minelaying and sweeping, submarineoperations and convoy escort forwhich a large number of merchantships were chartered.The exercise was designed to improvethe co-operation and readinessof a multi-nation fleet and todemonstrate the ability of nationalmaritime forces to integrate rapidlyinto an effective defence organisation.Close Soviet surveillance on theNATO fleet engaged in the exerciseSANDSunder orders to keep a lookoutwhile on passage through the exerciseareas. Three KOTLIN class destroyers— one an improved shipof the class armed with surface toair missiles — trawlers equippedwith complex electronic equipmentand smaller craft participated insurveillance duties.In the air. BADGER, BISONand BEAR reconnaissance aircraft,sometimes flying very low overships, maintained a "fixed look-see"pattern of flighLs.Stated a SACLANT staff officer:"The very close interest of the.vas a highly organised operationwith surface vessels and aircraftmaintaining a regular watch on theactivities of the allied ships. Russians was not unexpected andIt was apparent that the highest indeed added very much to theimportance was attached by Russia reality of the exercise as far asto gaining the maximum possible the ships and pilots of our aircraftinformation by strictly legal high were concerned. No doubt theyseas snooping on all phases of the were also making a comparisonNATO exercise from spy ships with their own manoeuvres heldworking on a systematic pattern in the same area last July."and sorties flown by long-range aircraft.There were no reports of harass-The Soviet even had oilers ment or interference with Alliedstationed in pre-arranged positions ships, but there were strong indicationsto refuel the Russian ships.of systematic monitoring ofAt least 18 Soviet vessels were radio messages and the detailed recordinginvolved, including ships obviouslyof manoeuvres.Russian Escort Destroyer of tho KOTUNPage Seventy-two THE NAVY November-December-January, 1968-69November-December-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY Page Seventy-three

Best Wishes to the Navy Association from —THE KENILWORTH(AA. C. HICKS, Licensee)HOTELSuperior Accommodation, Excellent Cuisine — Large Rangeof Wines and Spirits — Gold Top Bottled Beer. Pilsener.Melbourne Bitter and BulimbaSERVED AT ITS BESTPHONE: KENILWORTH, QLD. 26INGERSOLL-RAND(AUST.) LTD.Compliments of the Season fromASCOT BEAUTY(Miss Pam Kelly. Prop.)SALONEXCLUSIVE HAIR STYLINGCUTTING. TINTING AND COLD WAVES75 THE CRESCENT, ASCOT VALETelephone: 37-1997AIR COMPRESSORS —AIRTOOLS ANDACCESSORIES—HIRE, SALES, SERVICEMICHLIN STREETMOOROOKA, BRISBANEPhone: 48-4133Compliments lo the Navy from . .DAVIS LANCASTER & CO.601 LITTLE MELBOURNE STREETMELBOURNEQUALITY PRODUCE MERCHANTSContractors to the R.A.N.Phones: 67-2219, 67-3904, 67-1414Wishing the Navy every Success . . .How*, now — th* — Sir .aidROBIN HOODINNPopular Proprietor, JOHN LAZANASICY COLD TOOTHS AT ITS REFRESHING BEST2 Kildore Rood, Blacktown, N.S.W. Phone: 622-0205Season's Greetings lo R.A.N. Personnel in W.A. Stations fromROSELLA FOODS PTY. LTD.69 Thompson Rd., Nth Fremantle, W.A.Telephone: 5-2121Manufacturers of the famous ROSELLA Brand Canned FoodsSuppliers to the R.A.N.ASHTON DRY CLEANERSWELL KNOWN IN R.A.N. CIRCLES FORQUALITY AND SERVICE68 OXFORD STREET, SYDNEYTelephone: 31-4473rutm kiAn, ,.rA DlHlt./NCtPag* S*v*nty-four THE NAVY Nov.mb.r-D.cmb.r-January, 1November-December-January, 1968-69 THE NAVY Poji Seventy-five

CUTTEN & HARVEYMembers of Ihe Stock Exchangeof Adelaide Ltd.»7 KING WILLIAM STREETADELAIDE. S.A. 5000Telephone: 51-6751Branches: Melbourne. Sydneyand Mount Gambier. S.A.AUSTRALIAN DRIED FRUITSJACKBYHORNERGIVES THE ENERGY THATYOU NEEDMARRIOTT & TRELOARMembers of the Stock Exchange ofAdelaide80 KING WILLIAM STREETBest wishes from . . .ADELAIDE, S.A. 5000Telephone: 51-4939WIRRULLAHOTEL(S. L. & M. V. WALDIE Props.)WIRRULLA S.A. 5661THE BEST BEER, CIVILITY ANDFRIENDLY SERVICE — EXCELLENTACCOM MODATIONPhone: WIRRULLA 11Kindly Sponsored by . . .RAILWAYHOTELMANNAHILL, SOUTH AUSTRALIA(Mine Hosts: Mr. and Mrs. Bockman)FIRST CLASS ACCOMMODATION ANDSERVICE AVAILABLE AT ALL HOURSQUALITY BEER WINE & SPIRITSPhone Monnohill 4Kindly sponsored by . . .TURNBULL & CO.STOCK AND SHARE BROKERS66 KING WILLIAM STREETADELAIDEPhone 51-4424 Phone 51-4424Best Wishes to the Navy from . . .NOSKE BROS. (S.A.)PTY. LTD.I.A.C. HOUSE28 FRANKLIN STREETADELAIDEPhone 51-3913 Phone 51-3913BEST WISHES FROMJOHN S. BERTRAMCHEMISTFOR ALL PRESCRIPTIONSAND TOILETRIES320 TORRENS RD. CROYDON PARK S.A.Phone: 46-2871A GLIMPSE OF OUR MARITIME FUTUREBy J. HodlcinsAustralia's future role as a maritime nation is just getting under way, and herprospects are very bright.Great Britain and Japan wereforced to develop their sea communicationsbecause they are smallislands, with advanced economies,off the coasts of large continents;Australia, at the end of a chain ofislands, adjacent to the most populousareas of the world and muchmore advanced economically thanany of them, also has all Oceaniato the East and North. Sea-lanesare therefore of supreme importanceto this island. Why have we notshown a strong maritime tendencyalready?Until now. we have been verybusy establishing ourselves in whatwas a strange and forbidding land,and we have done it well. Now weare ready for the great leap forward— in mining, primary andsecondary industries, and export.Remembering that it took thoseother great maritime nations hundredsof years to achieve their preeminence.we. in spite of our preoccupationwith the land, have notdone so badly to date.Shipping — the transport ofcargo — is just one of the mainarteries of commerce. Australia islike a ripening cotton-boll, readyto burst open, so that its valuablecontents can be carried far and wideby the trade winds. This "LuckyCountry's" produce, from mines,fields, and machines, will spread tcthe vast populations to the Northwest.North, and East of us. Mostof it will be carried by sea. andwe are preparing for that rapidly.The spotlight of history and ourcurrent news is on the land, so wemay be forgiven for not noticingjust how far we have progressedalready as a maritime nation. Inthe past we have actually tried (invain, fortunately) to stifle coastalshipping for the benefit of landbornetraffic, but this tendency hasbeen outgrown. Now, we haye anestablished and growing shipbuildingindustry: both coastal andoverseas shipping-lines are increasing;the latest cargo-handlingsystems are being installed rightaround our coast; and our fishingindustriesare changing from smallindividuals to organised companiesand fleets. Also, we have the potentialfor obtaining the manpower forour merchant fleet of the future. Irefer to the vast upsurge in interestin the sea shown by the multitudeswho take their recreation at sea —sailing, power-boating, diving . . .venturing into the blue water anddiscovering a love of the sea. Weare beginning to probe the scientificchallenges of the oceans; weare opening new ports; our hydrographicstandards have improvedconsiderably, and they will continueto do so. Everywhere, with growingmomentum, we are thrusting forwardtowards our inevitable maritimefuture. Already we occupy aposition other countries took centuriesto reach, and the foundationshave been well laid to enableour merchant-service to grow withour export trade.Of course, maritime commercewill require protection — integrateddefence forces. Obviously, a strongNavy is part of this, and no matterwhat the integration and interrelation.the sea-borne force isalmost certainly the key. For this,too. very sound foundations havebeen laid. We have excellent shoretraining establishments, even ifthey are not spread around thecoast adequately; we have good repairfacilities; and we have thenucleus of all the important sections— submarines, air arm, antisubmarine.hydrographies, etc.The building of a Navy to protectcommerce naturally lags behindthe Merchant service. The obviousway to prevent this lag from becomingtoo serious is for the Navyto be closely associated with allscientific developments at sea. notjust with those concerned with defence.The Navy's close associationwith C.S.I.R.O. Marine Sections,with various university marinebiology and geology departments,and with oil and mineral exploration,will no doubt be augmentedby the new degree courses forofficers. A growing Navy will helpan increasing Merchant service toexpand further.The Navy League, as the "civilianfriends" of the Navy, has an importantfunction. As a group, andas individuals, we must promulgateour belief in our future at sea, andour enthusiasm for expanding Navalparticipation in all the exciting newsea-frontiers. Only by multiplyingthe number of Australians imbuedwith this concept will it becomean ingrained idea with our policymakers.This is a wonderful contributionthe Navy League canmake for the ultimate benefit andstrength of Australia.Seasonal Greetings to R.A.N, from . . .McLEAN BROS. & RIGGEWING STREET, BENTLEY, W.A.Distributors for Australian Wirerope WorksPty. Ltd. NewcastleSHIPPING SPECIALISTS•ir Suppliers to R.A.N.Phoae: 68-25*1Pago S«vonfy-slx THE NAVY Novtinbt r- Dacambar-January, 196t-6*Nov«mb*r>D*c«mb«r-January, 1961-69THE NAVY

Best Wishes from . . .The Coonalpyn CommunityHotel Ltd.(Jack Bedford, Your Genial Host)Always a warm welcome. 15 self-conta.ned rooms.Leading brands of ales, wines, and Spiritsalways stockedMAIN ROAD COONALPYN, S.A.Phone: 66 — Guests: 65Sponsored in the interest of all NavyPersonnel by —BOLLEN Service Station(G. BOLLEN. Proprietor)B P Aust. Ltd.. SHELL AMPOL CASTROLDICKENSON STREET IRON KNOB, S.A.Best Wishes from—The Australia Florists(Member of Interflora)FOR QUALITY FLOWERS FORALL OCCASIONSPhone: 67-2852After Hours: 64-2885, 37-2*33Hotel Australia, O'Connell StreetNorth Adelaide, S.A.Best wishes to all Navy Personnel from —ARUNTA DRY CLEANERS358 Tapley'i Hill Rd, Seaton, S.A. 5023Phone: 56-2473Also:WoomeraPhone: Iron Knob 8 PHONE WOOMERA 220Seasonal Greetings from —-CLAREVALE"THE POPULAR WINES INBULK OR BOTTLESManufactured by . . .Clorevole Co-operativeWinery Ltd.CLARE, S.A. 5453Phone: CLARE 2244Best Wishes and Seasonal Greetings from —E. Z. & A. M. WILSONBELLUMHOTELMOUNT SCHANCK, S.A.Phone: 269A WARM WELCOME A COLD BEERCALL IN ANYTIMEFOR THAT OCCASION WHEN ONLY THEBEST WILL DO, REMEMBERThe AmbassadorHotel107 King William St., AdelaidePhone: 51-4331For First Class Dining Room andAccommodationCounter Lunches and Teal-AMOUS SPEEDILAY PULLETSMore profit per bird than any other strainLow mortality. High production rateBook your order now for day oldand started pulletsWingview Poultry Farm& HatcheryBalhanna Road Hahndorf, S.A.Phone: 88-7079Fo-J. S*v*nty-*iflht THI NAVY Nov.mb.r-D.c.mb.r-Jonuary,BOOKREVIEWThe Landing at Veracruz: 1914Author: JackSweetman.Published by the United States Naval Institute, Annapolis, Maryland, 1968rhe landing at the Mexican portof Veracruz by the United StatesNavy in April 1914, is an eventmost of us today in Australia knowvery little about and. indeed, it hasbeen forgotten by very many Americans.The outbreak of the FirstWorld War the following Augusthas largely overshadowed this localisedcrisis. On its own, however,the Veracruz incident is one worthlooking into: ft wat an armedattack by a large nation on a cityof a much smaller neighbour. Nostate of war existed between thetwo nations: the ostensible reasonfor this attack was a trivial incident— a mistake for which the Mexicanshad already apologised. Whatis even more noteworthy is the factthat the President who authorisedthis act of aggression was noneother than Woodrow Wilson, thelover of peace, who was one of thedriving spirits behind the formationof the League of Nations.Briefly, the incident may be saidto have been the result of Wilson'sobsessive hatred of the MexicanGeneral Victoriano Huerta, whohad seized power the year before.Huerta's accession to the Presidencywas achieved in the traditional mannerof Mexican politics for the lasthalf-century or so, where Presidential"candidates" made as much useof the firing squad as AmericanPresidential candidates of the !960'sReview by: LT. STEPHEN SCARLETTU.S.S. DOLPHIN in Tampico Harbour.The incident arose mainlyout of tension and possibly ignoranceon the part of Federal troopswho were rather excited by thefact that Constitutionalist forces,against whom Huerta had beenwaging a campaign for some time,were in the general area. Atter explanations,the American seamenwere released with apologies by theFederal authorities.Normally such a trivial incidentwould be forgotten in forty-eighthours. However, certain men andevents combined to blow this incidentup into a major crisis. TheAmerican Rear Admiral Henry T.Mayo, a pugnacious stuffed-shirt,look matters into his own handsand demanded an apology, theterms of which were about as outrageouslyhumiliating as the demandsAustria was to make onSerbia later in that same year afterthe Sarajevo incident. The termwhich the Mexicans would notVeracruz was occupied by theNavy and Marines, and later bythe Army, until November. Duringthose months the American troopssat around and did very little in themilitary sense, although a MilitaryGovernment was set up and it ranthe city with an efficiency which ithad never known before. Overseascriticism of the United States quicklydied away as world attentionturned towards the gathering stormin Europe.From this book there emerges aninteresting picture of PresidentWilson — a man rather differentfrom the lover of peace who wasto play such a leading part in thelatter stages of the First WorldWar. Wilson, too, was one of thefounders of the League of Nations— a body which was formed toprevent nations from resorting toviolence in just such a way as theUnited Slates had done in 1914 aiVeracruz. Mr. Sweetman pointsout Wilson's rather questionableforeign policy and his naive approachto international diplomacy.Wilson appeared to distrust professionaldiplomats and preferred(generally) incompetent amateurs.One such choice was John Lind,who was "anti-Catholic, unable tospeak Spanish, devoid of diplomaticexperience, and wonderfully ignorantof Mexican affairs". Not surprisingly.his mission to Mexicowas not an unqualified success. Aneven more harebrained appointeewas the individual who. sent toMexico by Wilson on a confidentialstomach was Mayo's demand thatthey hoist the American flag in aprominent position and salute itwith twenty-one guns. As tensionrose, it was bumped up even higherby the news that the steamer'Ypiranga' was due to dock at Veracruzwith a cargo of machine-gunsand ammunition destined for GeneralHuerta. This was too muchmake use of television. American for Wilson. Early in the morningpolicy towards Mexico took on an of 21st April, 1914 he ordered Navyirrational air, where the slightest Secretary Josephus Daniels to send aincident was blown up oui of all radiogram ordering Rear Admiralproportion, Ihc dominant theme being"Huerta must go". Wilson ior. to seize Veracruz to prevent the mission, immediately upon reachingFletcher, Mayo's immediate super-longed for an incident which could YPIRANGA's cargo of arms being Mexico City "held a press conferenceto announce that he was abe used to discredit Huerta — a landed.pretext for intervention, to put it The loading itself took place onsecret agent of the American Government".bluntly.the 21st April, and fighting continueduntil the 23rd. During that The description of the tactics,Such an incident was providedwhen the Mexicans detained the time, seventeen Americans were and, in some cases, lack of tactics,crew of a small boat from the killed or died of wounds.of the landing party I found inter-Nov*mb«f-O«c«mb.r-January. 1961-69 THI NAVY fag* S*v*nty-nin*

esting reading. The landing party dry sense of humour. The earlyitself, it should be noted, was composedbackground to Mexican politicsmainly of sailors from the given in Chapter 1 is hilarious.crews of the warships, with only asmall fljiimber of marine-* to stiffenThe book is well illustrated, witha dozen pages of photographs andthe force.a couple of reasonable maps at eachend. The appendices are copious,containing more details about theoperation than most of us wouldever want to know.Mr. Sweetman's description of theactual fighting is clear and veryreadable — enthralling, almost. Hisprose style is exceptionally goodfor an historian, being salted with aIn short, I feel 1 can recommendthis book to anyone interested inhistory generally and naval and militaryhistory in particular. It is awell-written book about a sidelightof history which is little-known tojiiout Australians, and whicfj I,personally, found fascinating. TheUnited States Naval Institute shouldbe commended for putting out sucha good book and I hope that otherpublications of this nature will reachus before long.$1m IN NAVY ORDERS FOR ELECTRONICSContracts just let or about tohe let for the supply of communicationsequipment to theRoyal Australian Navy will beworth about $1 million to theAustralian electronics industry.The contracts just let went toAmalgamated Wireless (Australasia)Ltd. and to Electronic IndustriesLtd.The A.W A. contract, worth$440,000. was for a further quantityof six 40-kilowatt fully automaticallytuned transmitters.The chairman of A.W.A. SirLionel Hooke. said that the transmitterswere an improved versionof high-powered A.W.A. transmittersdesigned and manufacturedat the company's North Ryde worksin Sydney and operating in a numberof Armed Services establishments.Designed for remote control thenew transmitters with their driveequipment embody advanced solidstateand micro-electronic techniques.Ihe complete transmitters, driveequipment and remote control facilitieswill be handed over to theNavy as fully commissioned operatingsystems during 1969.The second contract, worth$45,000, went to Electronic Industriesfor audio amplifiers.In addition, tenders closed onOctober 1. for the provision ofseven 10-kilowatt transmitters forthe Naval Wireless Station at Beljonncn,A.C.T.The total requirement for thestation may be for 48 transmitters,with an estimated value of $534,000.The orders are understood to bepart of a steady modernisation ofnaval communications which willcontinue for some time to come.Kindly Sponsored by — ' Seasonal Greetings from . . .JACK COOMBEProms. Strollers. Cots. Nurseryware. Newand Second Hand Sewing MachinesSewing Machine and Stroller Repair SpecialistShop 1, Victoria SquareShoppingKAY BROS. PTY. LTD.AMERVVINEYARDSMCLAREN VALE, S.A. SI7IMakers of Quality Wines for 75 YearsCellar Door TradeCentre, Adelaide. Phone- 51-5246 Phone: 54-9211Seasonal Greetings from . . . Best Wishes & New Year Greelings from ...METAL CRAFTCONSTRUCTIONSR. T. WARLEYSYORK VALLEY HOTEL27 DALE ST. PORT ADELAIDE, S.A. 20 Robert Street Maitland, S.A. S573Fot all Steel or Aluminium Fishing Boats.Yachts and Pleasure Craft. Etc.Where Ihe Beer is Cold and IheWelcome WarmName any day...And we'll tell you that something like 25 million tons of oil is atsea to meet world requirements. HP's massive refinery ai Kwinanaplays a vital and strategic role in this world-wide demand lorpetroleum products.Phone: 4-2719 Telephone: 2422Pag* Eighty THE NAVY Nov«mb*r-D*c*mb«r-January, 1968-69• * REFINERY (KWINANA)PROPRIETARYI.IMITEO

2 crAAssociatedshipwithSteamshipsEnjoy the economy, speed and security of Associated Steamships SEATAINERService. With this system your cargo is packed into lockable containers at plantor warehouse, transported to our shipping terminal, carried by sea, then deliveredto the consignee. If you wish you can transport cargo loose to our dapots andwe'll pack it for you. This system of transportation ensures you of reliable, lowercost, insurance-free cargo deliveries. ASSOCIATED STEAMSHIPS lead the wayin trouble-free transportation.Contact Associated Steamships NOW!Learn how you can enjoy 6important benefits.1. Low cost — door to door service.Leaders in lewer cost transportationAssociated2. Maximum protection with minimumhandling.3. Free use of Seatainers.4. Modern simplified consignmentnote.5. Reliability.6. Free insurance.SYDNEY m PT. KEMBLA m MELBOURNE27 5985940 375 30 4971PORT FREMANTLE HOBARTADELAIOE • 51091 • 2 401141 631Pr.nted ond publ'«h«d by Percivol Publithing Co Pry. ltd . 108 Henderson Rood. AI««ondrio, NSW., phone 69-6231with permission of the Navy league ot Australia


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