denmark: a european smart grid hub - Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster
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denmark: a european smart grid hub - Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster

ForewordThis report is an extensive mapping of the Danish smart gridsector. The purpose of the report is to:1. Provide an overview and general outlineof the competencies in the Danish smartgrid industry2. Display Danish competencies withinsmart grid research, development, testand demonstration3. Describe the possible future developmentswithin the smart grid industry inDenmarkThrough this study, Copenhagen CleantechCluster and Copenhagen Capacity aim tostrengthen Danish smart grid stakeholdersand Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster by providinga unique overview of over 60 smart gridcompanies. The report also seeks to visualizethe array of smart grid business opportunitiesin Denmark, and will serve as a tool forinternational stakeholders (e.g. companies,public authorities or research units) that wishto approach the Danish smart grid sector as,for example, possible partners, customers orsuppliers.The report has been prepared by CopenhagenCapacity with extensive assistance fromMikael Togeby, partner at Ea Energy Analyses.AcknowledgementsA number of dedicated professionals fromindustry, academia and various organizationshave kindly assisted in the production of thereport. Copenhagen Capacity would like tothank Marcy Lowe, Senior Research Analyst,Duke University; Silvia Pagani, Managing Director,Euroimpresa; and Christian Erik KampmannPhD, Associate Professor, CopenhagenBusiness School, for methodological advice.We are also very grateful for the valuablecomments and extensive advice from VibekeThyge Frandsen, Ea Energy Analyses; JacobØstergaard, Professor and Head of the Centrefor Electric Technology at the DTU Departmentof Electrical Engineering; Göran Wilke,consultant at Exergi; Birger Hauge, Founderand CEO of VillaWatt; Brian Vad Mathiesen, AssociateProfessor, Aalborg University, MichaelNymann Folmer, Consultant, The Danish IT IndustryAssociation; Morten Baadsgaard Trolle,Chief Consultant, Danish Energy Association.Copenhagen Capacity would also like to thankall the companies that are listed in the companymatrix for their participation.Editor:Cecilie HestbækContact:Copenhagen Capacity,tel: +45 33 22 02© Copenhagen CapacityA part of Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster

Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster 4IntroductionDenmark has developed unique experience over severaldecades with the integration of renewables into the powersupply, and has a very flexible electricity market as a result.Thus, the country has already got a head start in the developmentof a new intelligent power grid that is planned toallow the integration of 100% renewable energy.As Denmark already manages the integrationof more wind power into the grid thanany other country in the world and has a widearray of smart grid assets within test anddemonstration and over 60 smart grid firms,it has the potential to be a world leader in thesmart grid industry in the coming years.Smart grid is a necessary and cost-effectivesolutionA smart grid is an electricity network thatuses digital and other advanced technologiesto monitor and manage the transport ofelectricity from all generation sources to meetthe varying electricity demands of end users.Smart grids co-ordinate the needs and capabilitiesof generation assets, grid operators,end users and electricity market stakeholdersto operate all parts of the system as efficientlyas possible, thereby minimizing costsand environmental impact while maximizingsystem reliability, resilience and stability. 1Globally, there is a pressing need to acceleratethe development of carbon free energytechnologies in order to address the globalchallenges of energy security, climate changeand economic growth. To enable this technologicaldevelopment and implementation,smart grids are essential. Moreover, they willturn out to be a more cost-effective solutionin most cases than merely expanding capacityin the existing grid.Our findingsThe present study has been conducted toprovide an overview of the smart grid sectorin Denmark from a business perspective. Theaim of the report was to identify and showcasethe strengths of the Danish smart gridsector as well as to highlight opportunities forinternational smart grid actors. The resultsgive a clear picture of a Danish smart grid sectorwith strong assets, continuous innovationand increasing growth: over 60 companieswork in the smart grid industry and togetherthey cover all of the eight smart grid technologycategories defined by the IEA. Moreover,Denmark is recognized as a unique locationfor test and demonstration, as is reflectedin the large number of R&D and demonstrationprojects: 22% of all projects concerningintelligent power grids in the EU take place inDenmark. 2In addition to the overview of Denmark’sstrengths within the smart grid industry, thereport has identified some possible futuretrends within the smart grid market. Due toa number of factors, experts suggest thatDenmark will experience rising demand withincertain smart grid business areas, includingelectrical vehicles and charging infrastructure;metering infrastructure; transmission enhancement;and integrated, flexible demandresponse solutions.1 OECD/IEA: Technology Roadmap – smart grids, 20112 EU JRC report, 2011

Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster 6The smart grid will give rise to a number of socioeconomicbenefits, such as lower electricitycosts as the flexibility of electric vehiclesand heating pumps allows part of electricityconsumption to be moved to time slots wherethe electricity is cheaper, and a decrease inthe cost of power generation regulation. Thevalue of these benefits is estimated to beabout Euro 1,1 billion. Traditional expansionof the grid would require investments of Euro1,03 billion but would not result in similarsocioeconomic gains. 1 Furthermore, theexpansion of the Danish smart grid is roughlyestimated by 2025 to have led to the creationof 10,000 new jobs. 2In the EU, the estimated investement needsare Euro 500 billion by 2030 if transmissionand distribution investments are included. 3Ambitious political aimsThe long-term vision for the Danish energysystem is independence from fossil fuels,and there is the political ambition to achievethat goal no later than 2050. A long-termDanish energy system based on indigenousenergy resources can be obtained most costeffectivelyvia a combination of initiativesleading up to 2050: the massive developmentof wind power; substitution of fossil fuels withbiomass, biogas and waste; implementing thesmart grid; energy exchange with neighboringcountries; and a considerable level of energysaving and improvements in overall energyefficiency. 4Long experience with wind energyDenmark has four decades of experiencein the implementation of wind energy, andhas therefore been the first country to meetand address the challenges posed by theintegration of a large degree of wind energy inthe power system. Today, Denmark producesmore than 33% of its electricity from renewableenergy sources – wind, biomass, solarand geothermal. Wind alone accounts for1, 20112 Deloitte, 2011 (own translation and currencyexchange)3 EU JRC report, 20114 Confederation of Danish Industry et al, 201020,7%. 5 This is a notably high proportion – infact Denmark has the largest proportion ofsuch electricity production in Europe. 6 Figure2 illustrates Denmarks transition from centralto decentral energy system.However, the potential is much greater:Mikael Togeby, Partner in Ea Energy Analysesestimates that in the longer term, with anintelligent power grid, up to 75% of energysupplied by wind is realistic.Flexible and coordinated power marketThe circumstances outlined above havecaused Denmark to be involved in the developmentof one of the world’s most flexibleelectricity markets, and thus the country isalready one step ahead when it comes toa flexible demand response power system.Brian Vad Mathiesen, who is Associate Professorat Aalborg University as well as the mainauthor of and scientist behind the renewableenergy system in IDAs 7 Climate Plan 2050,explains that “Denmark has the world’s mostwell developed market for handling wind andthe resulting fluctuations in its production.Large and small electricity producers alreadyregulate their production, e.g. using thermalstorage. In fact, this means that there isalready a close interaction between consumptionand production in Denmark.”Nord Pool SpotThis market interaction is possible due toNord Pool Spot. In 1991, Norway was one ofthe first countries in the world to deregulateits power market, and was shortly followedby the other Nordic countries, who combinedtheir individual markets into a common Nordicmarket. This was done in order to optimizesocial welfare and increase the security ofsupply. Available power capacity can be usedmore efficiently over a large region comparedto a small one, and integrated markets enhanceproductivity and improve efficiency.5 Danish Energy Agency, 20106 Confederation of Danish Industry, 20107 IDA is the Danish Association of Engineers

Figure 2.Source:Illustration of Denmark’s journey from centralised to distributed energy systemDanish Energy Agency,, 100% accurate maps available1985Centralised combined heat and power plantDecentralised combined heat and power plantWind turbines2009Centralised combined heat and power plantDecentralised combined heat and power plantWind turbines

Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster 8The power price is determined by the balancebetween supply and demand, taking intoaccount transmission capacity. Today, there isgeneral consent among politicians and otherstakeholders in the Danish market that thismodel serves society well.Nord Pool Spot was established as a companyin 2002 as the world’s first market for tradingpower. Today, it is also the world’s largestmarket of its kind, and constitutes the leadingmarketplace for buying and selling power inthe Nordic region, as well as Estonia, Germanyand Great Britain. Nord Pool Spot runs theleading power market in Europe and offersboth day-ahead and intraday markets to itscustomers. 350 companies from 18 countriestrade on the market. 1The world’s most developed district heatingsystemThe Danish energy system is one of theworld’s most energy efficient systems. This isto a high degree to an extensive expansion ofdistrict heating that utilizes renewable energyand heat from combined heat and power(CHP) units. District heating today comprisesabout 60% of the heating market, and over95% of the heating is produced with renewableenergy or CHP. 2 In an energy system using100% renewable energy, an intelligent powergrid with flexible consumption should be combinedwith an expansion of district heating, asexisting district heating systems in large citiescan be converted cost-effectively from coalto biomass and new plants can be designedfor using biomass, e.g. straw or wood pellets.From a smart grid perspective, this extensivesystem can be used to store heat fromelectricity production by installing heatingelements (e.g. electric kettles). Due to the districtheating system, the heating boilers canbe placed in a large number of places in thesystem. As there is already a regulating marketin which the price of electricity determineswhether these units use electricity or gas forheating, the district heating system is one ofthe elements that will contribute to stabilizingthe power grid when production and consumptionexperience greater fluctuations.Heat pumpsThe extension of heat pumps into areaswhere district heating is not available is rapidlyincreasing in Denmark: estimatesthat around 500,000 Danish homes will haveheat pumps by 2030. This is an essentialcomponent for the implementation of thesmart grid, as the intelligent remote controlof electricity-driven heat pumps can pave theway for more wind power in the energy systemby helping to create balance in an energysystem based on fluctuating energy productionfrom renewable sources. The remotecontrol of heat pumps allows the coordinationof electricity price, weather forecast andknowledge of the specific houses that needto be heated, which will then make it primarilypossible to have the pumps running whenpower production is high and the price ofelectricity low.Electric vehiclesEVs are another technology that will contributesignificantly to stabilizing a futuresmart grid with power from 100% renewablesources. With flexible control systems, carscan charge when electricity production is high,and thus serve as storage capacity. Hence,although EVs can end up being a heavy drainon the grid at times, they are, with the rightintelligent solutions, also a part of the smartinfrastructure that will keep the grid stabilized.1 www.nordpoolspot.com2 Fonnesbech et al, 2009

The extension of the world’s largestpower trading market, Nord PoolSpot. Source: www.nordpoolspot.comThe Nordic market: Dayaheadand intradayThe UK market N2EX: Dayaheadand intraday

Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster 10Denmark has a unique concentration of smart grid assets“Denmark is a world-leader in the smart grid industry.” Thisis the conclusion of several experts working in the field. Avariety of factors contribute to Denmark being seen as aninternational hot spot for smart grid technology.Leading test and demonstration facilitiesDenmark has a vision of becoming the world’sgreen test lab and is already well on the wayto achieving this due to framework conditionsand business-oriented research.Denmark is European leader in the developmentof smart grids as 22% of all demonstrationand development projects relating tointelligent power grids in the EU take place inDenmark, with Germany in second place with11% of the projects. 1Examples of exceptional projectsOne of Europe’s most ambitious smart gridprojects is currently taking place on theisland of Bornholm in Denmark. The full-scaleEcoGrid project (see page 40) is aimingto lead the way in establishing the energysystem of the future. Over the next few years,the largest intelligent power supply systemin the world will be set up on Bornholm, andthe project will test and demonstrate how aregion can become fully self-sufficient withrenewable energy. 2Also taking place on Bornholm, the EDISONproject (see page 41) is utilizing Danishand international competencies to developoptimal system solutions for EV systemintegration, while the DTU Centre for ElectricTechnology and Ea Energy Analyses aretesting electricity as a frequency controlledreserve (see page 42).Yet another example is the world’s largest testproject on the intelligent remote control ofheat pumps, which is taking place in Denmarkover the next few years, and has over 300families participating. Furthermore, severalresearch platforms offer facilities for theseactivities, one of them being Powerlab (seepage 43).EU spearhead in R&D and T&DOver the last few years, public funding for researchin Denmark has increased, and in 2011,approx. 135 million EUR was allocated forresearch. In addition to this, European fundingfrom Frame Program 7 is contributing furtherto the development of smart grid technologyin Denmark. Jacob Østergaard, Professor andHead of the Centre for Electric Technology atthe DTU Department of Electrical Engineering,confirms the image of Denmark as a greentest hub: “The EU considers Denmark to bea lighthouse; a spearhead in research, test,development and demonstration, and theseare also the areas we need to keep prioritizingand strengthening if we want to maintain ourposition as leading in the world in smart gridtechnology. I believe it is absolutely achievablefor us to become the European centre forsmart grid technology if we keep focusing onand prioritizing our efforts in the area.”Mikael Togeby, a partner at Ea Energy Analyses,agrees that the test and developmentprojects are fundamental for Denmark’sstrong position within the smart grid industry:“The potential of smart grid is way larger thanwe can imagine. For example, a technologysuch as energy storage in water tanks hasenormous potential. If you are open to newideas, there are plenty of examples of whatcan be achieved.1 EU JRC report, 20112, 2011

Universities, specialized R&D centres and ahighly skilled work forceDenmark has a number of world class universitiesand a highly educated work force. InDenmark, the production of scientific articleson climate technology per million inhabitantsis 70. This is four times as many as in the USand EU, where the production of scientificarticles per million inhabitants is 16 and 17respectively. 1Business oriented researchThe research being conducted into smart gridtechnology in Denmark is closely linked toindustry and public needs. Academics workingin the energy sciences have traditionally beenin dialogue with industry and the authorities,and this long experience of interdisciplinarycollaboration and projects is now part of whatmakes Denmark a leader in the smart gridsector. A few outstanding research institutionsin Denmark are:1. DTU: Technical University of Denmark(DTU) is the country’s largest technicaluniversity. It offers highly specializedresearch within several core smart gridareas. One of the research centres is theCentre for Electric Technology, whichis undertaking essential research intoelectric energy systems and electriccomponents. Another is the Risø DTUNational Laboratory for SustainableEnergy, which is one of Europe’s leadingresearch laboratories for sustainableenergy. Risø DTU achieves pioneeringresearch results and contributes activelyto their implementation in close dialoguewith the wider society. Risø’s research isthe basis of customer-driven activitiesincluding advising the business community,institutions and authorities. RisøDTU takes initiatives and sets targets forresearch through continuous dialogue1 Confederation of Danish Industry, 2010with the business sector, the authoritiesand the research community, and thelaboratory’s research is part of nationaland international networks. Risø DTU’sresearch could have a particular impacton energy supply and consumption. Theresearch laboratory has large test facilitiesand interdisciplinary research environmentsthat enable problem solvingacross traditional professional boundariesand competences, and training andeducation as well as innovative activitiesare naturally integrated into Risø DTU’sresearch activities. 22. Aalborg University: Aalborg Universityconducts research into smart gridtechnology in a number of ways, one ofthese being through the university’s SustainableEnergy Planning Group, whichworks with an interdisciplinary approachon sustainable energy planning andmanagement. The research group is assessingenergy planning in general, witha focus on technical aspects such as energysystem analysis and GIS 3 , as well aseconomic and institutional aspects suchas feasibility studies and public regulationseen in the light of technologicalchange. Since the early 1970s, the grouphas taken a strong interest in the Danishenergy planning process. At the nationallevel, strategies for the development ofenergy conservation, renewable energysources and CHP have been put forwardfrom the very start. The researchers haveregularly been involved in the design ofDanish energy policy and its implementationat both local and national levels. 42 A Geographic Information System is a system designedto capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage,and present all types of geographically referenced data4

Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster 12Smart grid commercial landscape of DenmarkIn this study, Copenhagen Capacity has sought to list all thecompanies in Denmark that deliver the types of products orservices which have been defined as smart grid and categorizedin eight technology areas by the International EnergyAgency (IEA).The mapping (see “Technology companymatrix” on page 24) shows that Denmarkhas over 60 smart grid companies. Smart gridtechnology brings together a wide range ofplayers such as technology providers, powerproviders, investors, regulators, governmentagencies, research institutions and standardsettingorganizations. In this study, we havefocused on technology and consultancycompanies, and narrowed it down to thosewho offer products that correspond to theIEA smart grid technology areas. We have notincluded companies that produce renewableenergy devices, such as solar cells and microwind turbines. Furthermore, we have excludedfrom the study storage technologies like, forexample, fuel cells and stationary batteries,despite knowing that these products mightwell be part of the solution in the intelligentpower grid. In the matrix, however, there area few examples of companies that produceelectrical devices which intelligently interactwith the power grid, e.g. EVs and pumps – andwe are well aware that the list is not exhaustivewithin this business area.IEA’s eight technology categoriesTo identify the capabilities of Danish smartgrid companies, we did a firm-by-firm inventory(see “Technology company matrix” onpage 24) across the spectrum of IEA’s technologycategories (see page 21), which wasthen confirmed by the companies listed. 1In the study, the value chain of smart gridtechnology has been simplified to a representationas seen in “Figure 3. Smart GridTechnology areas” on page 13 The left-torightstructure begins with power generation,moves through transmission and distribution,and ends with consumption. This roughlyparallels the process in which electric poweris delivered to the customer: first, electricity isgenerated, then it is stepped up by transformersto a high voltage so it can be transmittedover long distances, then it arrives at asubstation where it is stepped back down to alower voltage safer for local distribution. 2As can be seen in figure 3 and the technologycompany matrix on page 25, the data fromour study reveal the following:--Denmark’s over 60 smart grid companiesspan the entire value chain as defined bythe IEA.--They are roughly estimated to have atleast 15,500 employees.--Denmark has firms involved in all of theeight IEA technology categories. Thehighest number of firms appears in informationand communications technologyintegration--The large multinational firms such asABB, Siemens, Schneider Electric, EltelNetworks etc. stretch across mostcategories.--A large number of smaller and mediumsized companies are present in the Danishsmart grid commercial landscape.Most of these specialize within particularsmart grid technology areas.--Danish companies are more involved insmart grid software and services thanin hardware, with 61 in software andservices and 40 in hardware.2 CGGC, Duke University, 20111 No independent verification of the informationreported by the companies has been performed.

Figure 3.Source:Note:Smart Grid Technology areasTechnology categories and descriptions are adapted from IEANumbers in brackets relates to the number of companies working within (hardware & software). The number in the red box is the total. Eachcompanywork in several technology areas, thus the high number in total.Generation Transmission Distribution IndustrialService ResidentialInformation and communications technology (ICT) integration (29 & 49)78C&I and residential building energy (25 & 43)68Advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) (19 & 33)52Renewable and distributed generation integration (20 & 30)50Distribution gridmanagement (16 & 23)39EV charging infrastructure (12 & 26)38Wide-area monitoring and control (14 & 18) 32Transmission enhancementapplications (9 & 19)32

Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster 14Future smart grid challenges in DenmarkAs was concluded from the matrix, smart grid firms in Denmarkcover all eight of the IEA technology areas. There are,however, strong clues as to where demand for solutions willincrease and thus where new actors would be able to enterthe market and contribute with valuable competencies atpremium demand.According to Jacob Østergaard, professor andhead of center DTU, Denmark will not be ableto “deliver all the building blocks necessary”for smart grid merely from domestic production.Denmark is thus dependent on attractingindustry players of all sizes. As an example,he mentions system solutions for the smartcontrol room of the future grid as just oneconcrete business area in which Denmark iscurrently short of industrial products. Throughextensive interviews with experts a numberof other possible future market opportunitiesare estimated to be as follows:Integrated flexible solutionsAs Denmark is already now becoming one ofthe first countries to implement smart gridsolutions, the demand for intelligent, integratedand flexible solutions for controllingenergy consumption will arise. The solutionswill need to provide better service and lowerprices for the consumers. Mikael Togeby fromEa Energy Analyses explains that “the currentdesign of the electricity market suits theneeds of the utilities very well, but it needs tobe adjusted to the new system with a largenumber of electricity producers.” He adds thatthe politicians will have to remove the barriersto flexible demand and response suitable forthe market if they are to achieve their ownclimate goals. To Mikael Togeby, the Danishobjective of being fossil free by 2050 is “achallenge, but definitely a strength, too, as itnecessitates better regulation which will spurthe faster development of smart grid technologyand help keep Denmark in its currentleading position with regards to smart grid.”Transmission enhancementThe conversion of the existing grid to smartgrid will take some innovation with regard tothe distribution grid, as it will be necessary tosecure an effective extension of the transmissioncapacity in the distribution grid. The introductionof electric and plug-in hybrid cars andextention of heat pumps will mean that thepower grid will have to transmit more electricitythan it is currently designed for. Maintaininga constant voltage in spite of fluctuatingenergy production from renewable sourcesand a new consumption pattern is of crucialimportance, and currently the development ofthe smart grid is being held back by the lackof common standards. However, when thesestandards have been decided and implemented,the demand for transmission enhancementsolutions is expected to increase.Metering infrastructureIn the IDA Climate Plan 2050, it is madeclear that a flexible market supporting thedevelopment and expansion of the energysupply with renewable energy will demand oldmetering infrastructure to be replaced by newones that will enable realtime monitoring andremote reading.Brian Vad Mathiesen from Aalborg Universityexplains that new meters are essential if localconsumers are to be activated. “Of coursebeing able to move demand will have somepositive effect on the system, but a moreimportant effect is energy conservation. Oneway of reducing consumption is metering. Itis simply common sense to enable people tosee the price of what they are buying, and itwill reduce people’s energy use.” In Denmark, anumber of industry players are already workingon metering infrastructure, but as smartgrid solutions win ground in both industry andprivate homes, and transmission infrastructureis improved and expanded, metering solutionswill be in high demand. For new firms onthe Danish market that can offer experienceand strong competencies in metering solutions,opportunities may arise.

Electric vehicles and chargingThe commitment to supporting EVs in Denmarkis not entirely about green transportation.They are also seen as a storage optionfor all the wind energy produced. Therefore,the smart grid aspects of the EV infrastructureare imperative for EVs to become a successin a Danish context.Recently, a consortium of partners includingDONG Energy, Østkraft, IBM, Siemens,the Danish Energy Authority and Eurisco hasbeen working on developing a smart electricalpower infrastructure for charging EVs in theEDISON project (electric vehicles in a distributedand integrated market using sustainableenergy and open networks, see “EDISON: UtilizingDanish Expertise to Create SustainableSolutions” on page 41). This infrastructuremust enable electric vehicles to communicateintelligently with the grid so that charging anddis-charging happens in an intelligent way inorder to reap the benefits of EVs without puttinga strain on the electrical grid or upsettingEV owners. To spur the development of theEV market, the Danish Government has implementeda registration tax exemption on EVsuntil 2015 as part of a comprehensive plan topromote green growth in the Danish economy.In contrast, the typical car registration tax inDenmark is 180% of the dutiable price.The solutions required are sometimes referredto as a “smart grid”, however he emphasizesthat it is also about organizing the marketsand the behaviour of consumer groups: “Denmarkis definitely the one country which isfurthest advanced with regard to a smart grid.The main reason is that we already know howto handle the integration of a large amount ofwind energy – which no one else does,” saysBrian Vad Mathiesen and continues: “Technically,it is possible to integrate a lot more windenergy into the system, and as we, becauseof our ambitious political goals, will meetthese challenges first, will have to developthe solutions before anyone else. We alreadyhave parts of the solution: a flexible market,a district heating system, massive amountsof research into electric vehicles and heatpumps, and a lot of activity within the smartgrid sector. When we start integrating evenmore wind power and developing a system forcontrolling flexible electric vehicle chargingand energy consumption, the whole world willbe watching to learn how we are managingand organizing it.”A perfect place for EV testingBrian Vad Mathiesen from Aalborg Universityexpects flexible solutions for charging willbe available on a larger scale in 2-3 years,and that now it is all about getting the newcars out there on the roads for everyone tosee and try out. He believes that Denmark isthe perfect place for developing, testing anddemonstrating electric vehicle solutions asthese depend on a more intelligent energysystem.

Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster 16Intelligent buildingsAlthough Denmark has a large number ofcompanies working on smart grid software,according to Göran Wilke, consultant at Exergiand former director of the Danish ElectricitySaving Trust, even more compentecies areneeded to develop the intelligent buildingsof the future that will play an active role inthe smart grid. “We lack medium-sized playersthat have a focus on consumer issues.The consumer does not feel that he has aproblem right now, so the smart solution hasto appeal to the consumer first and foremost.So we are looking for companies with visionand muscle that can combine energy, greenIT and consumer issues. Denmark would bethe starter market, where companies fromdifferent countries can test and show theirproducts destined for a much larger market,”Göran Wilke says.Denmark is a good test marketGöran Wilke agrees that our challengeswill make us first movers, but also calls forimproved competencies within integratedsolutions: “We need to be better at buildingflexible solutions into heat pumps, electricvehicles etc., so that power supply and heatpumps, for example, come in one ‘package’,”he says. Göran Wilke also believes thatDenmark is a “fantastic test country” fornew smart grid technology, as the Danes arecurious, want smart solutions and are open tonew technology – the products, however, stillneed to be great and viable in market conditions.“This means,” he says, “that Denmark isa ‘natural environment’ for new products, andgood solutions will therefore be quickly takenup on the Danish market.”Benefits of being in the world’s leadinggreen labWhen considering whether to enter the Danishmarket to contribute specific smart gridcapabilities, companies should also take intoaccount the conditions into which they are locatingtheir activities: Denmark’s status as the‘green demonstratorium of the world’ makes ita location which is both easy and beneficial toenter for business purposes. “One of the challengesin the grid today is that the companiesthat deliver products and services for utilitiesare often large international companies.These players have a natural platform fromwhich to expand their portfolio to includesmart grid products, but they do not alwayshave the full picture of the necessary solutionsin an electric power system with a veryhigh proportion of renewable energy – and thisunderstanding is important for being able todevelop good future products and solutions.For that, research, development and testingare essential components,” Jacob Østergaardfrom DTU explains.This is a key aspect in theDanish smart grid sector today and will be inthe future.


Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster 18ConclusionDenmark has over 60 smart grid companies which span theentire value chain. Furthermore, the country has decades ofexperience with the integration of renewables and thus hasa unique combination of smart grid assets including leadingtest and demonstration facilities. However, Denmark will notbe able to deliver all the building blocks for the future smartgrid 2.0 merely from domestic competencies.A number of clues indicate where the demandfor intelligent solutions will increase and thuswhere new actors would be able to enter themarket and contribute valuable competenciesat premium demand, i.e. solutions that willlater on be in high demand in other countrieswhere large-scale integration of renewablesand smart grid development will be a futurefocus for investment.Opportunities for both large and smallcompaniesFor large multinationals, therefore, testing,developing and launching new products inDenmark can give a unique insight into currentand future demand for smart grids andthe possibilities for full-scale implementation,while for smaller companies the environmentin which they will be acting has a number ofpotential benefits. The Danish market is easyto enter, and as a variety of large players arealso present, partnerships or supplier-customerrelations throughout the value chainare more easily achievable than in locationswith only smaller players. Moreover, all typesof industrial players in the smart grid sectorin Denmark can take advantage of the closeconnections to the local surrounding marketsthrough e.g. Nord Pool Spot. Entering theDanish market thus gives a head start into operatingin future energy markets and providesa unique hub for Scandinavia and NorthernEurope.”We strongly believe that being part of developingsolutions in the Danish smart grid sectorwill provide future access to a potential smartgrid market in Europe estimated to be worthEuro 500 billion until 2030”, says Jakob Elmer,Business Development Manager at CopenhagenCapacity.


Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster 20ReferencesSourcePublication/articleConfederation of Danish Industry Bright Green. Solutions for Sustainable Growth, 2010.Danish Energy & Energinet.dkDanish Energy Agency, 2001Smart Grid i Danmarkwww.ens.dkDeloitte for Dansk Elbilalliance Elbiler og smart grid – perspektiverne for grøn vækst og beskæftigelse, Copenhagen, 2011Ea Energy Analyses for Confederation of DanishIndustry et alIntelligent Energy Systems. A white paper with Danish perspectives, Copenhagen, Smart Grid – en folkesag (Nyhedsmagasinet om Energi), 2011Fonnesbech et al IDA’s Climate Plan 2050, Ingeniørforeningen, Copenhagen, 2009Lowe, Marcy; Fan, Hua; Gereffi, Gery: Center onGlobalization, Governance and Competitiveness,Duke UniversitySmart Grid Core Firms in the Research Triangle Region, North Carolina, U.S., 2011OECD/International Energy Agency Technology Roadmap – smart grids, Paris, 2011Ålborg UniversityRisø DTUScion DTUEuropean Commission, Joint Research Centre,Institute for EnergyNord Pool SpotEnerginetThe Danish Society of Engineers, Grid projects in Europe: lessons learned and current developments, European Union

Introduction to company matrixTo provide an overview of the players in the smart grid sector,we have listed them in a matrix containing information ontheir size (number of employees) and their area of business(technology areas). The listings only apply to the parts ofeach company that are based in Denmark (e.g. multinationalsare only listed under the products and services their Danishbranches offer.) The symbols in the matrix are as follows:Type of product:HardwareSoftware and other servicesNumber of employees:1-1011-2526-5051-100101-500> 500IEA technology areasIn the matrix, we have chosen to use thesame eight main smart grid technology areasas defined by the International EnergyAgency 1Each of the eight categories described in thissection comprises a number of smart gridtechnologies involving various configurationsof hardware, software, communications andservices. The categories extend across one ormore stages of electric power delivery, fromgeneration through transmission and distribution,to consumption.The many smart grid technology areas – eachconsisting of sets of individual technologies –span the entire grid, from generation throughtransmission and distribution to various typesof electricity consumers. Some of the technologiesare actively being deployed and areconsidered mature in both their developmentand application, while others require furtherdevelopment and demonstration.A fully optimized electricity system will deploy1 OECD/IEA, 2011all the technology areas in “Figure 3. SmartGrid Technology areas” on page 13. However,not all technology areas need to be installedto increase the ‘smartness’ of the grid.The technology areas are defined as follows:Information and communications technologyintegrationMake it possible to integrate intelligencethroughout the entire power system, and toachieve real-time, two-way communication inorder to manage energy more effectively.Commercial, Industrial or Residential BuildingEnergy Management.Building automation systems with moreintegrated customer-side systems, usingnetworked sensors and monitors andincorporating data from individual systemssuch as lighting and heating, ventilation andair conditioning (HVAC). New technologiesinclude energy readers, smart appliances,and local energy storage. An important smartgrid application is “Demand Response”, whichinvolves cutting demand through voluntaryagreements with power customers. To createa large pool of capacity to reduce peak powerloads through demand response, utilities areturning to curtailment service providers.Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI)The foundation of the smart grid’s two-wayflow of data, and the key to most smart gridinitiatives to date, is the underlying infrastructurethat combines smart meters, communicationsand data management. AMI involves anumber of functions, including:--smart meters, the network infrastructureto transmit data from smart meters tothe utility, and--software to compile and manage themassive quantities of data produced.Electric vehicle charging infrastructure.Electric vehicles rely on energy storage in theform of advanced vehicle batteries. Connectingelectric vehicles to the grid for batteryrecharging requires infrastructure to handlebilling, scheduling and other intelligent functions.If charging stations allow power to flowboth ways, electric vehicles can serve as a

Copenhagen Cleantech ClusterAppendices22source of distributed energy storage—dischargingelectricity back to the grid duringhours when the vehicle is parked and peakpower is needed.Transmission enhancementEnhancement applications involve a numberof technologies that can make transmissionnetworks easier to control, maximize thetransfer of power, reduce transmission losses,and decrease the risk of overloads. Transformersare devices that reduce the voltageof electricity so it can be safely distributed toconsumers. Advanced transformers reduceelectricity losses compared to conventionalones. New transformer designs greatly reducethe waste of electricity during distribution.standard technologies used to connecttraditional sources such as coal andnuclear. Because solar panels producedirect current (DC), they require invertersto convert DC to alternating current (AC).Accommodating small-scale, distributedpower sources such as rooftopsolar requires different capabilities fromgrid-scale renewable sources such as aconcentrating solar array. Energy storagecan play a key role in neutralizing thevariable nature of renewables by supplyingenergy at times when there is no sunor wind.--The storage device itself is required,along with converters (rectifier inverters),and traditional field equipment associatedwith conventional power.Distribution grid managementCombines sensor technologies and automationto continuously:--maintain voltage levels--locate faults--reconfigure feeders--control distributed generation so thatequipment performs optimally and outagesare minimized.Renewable and distributed generationintegration require--Connecting solar arrays, wind farmsand other sources to power grids. Thisinvolves new products in addition toWide area monitoring and controlHelps system operators monitor, controland optimize the power system over largegeographic areas, avoiding blackouts andfacilitating the use of renewables. Advancedsystem analytics generate data used toinform decisions and make systems morereliable.Source: OECD/IEA, 2011 and CGGC, DukeUniversity, 2011

Examples of productsTechnology category Examples of hardware Examples of software or systemsIT & communications technology integrationC/I building or home energy managementCommunication equipment (Power line carrier,WIMAX, RF mesh network, cellular), routers,relays, switches, gateway, computers (servers)Building automation systems, smart appliances,routers, in-home displays, demand-responseenabling devicesEnterprise resource planning software (ERP),Customer information systems (CIS)Energy readers, energy management systems,energy applications for smartphones and tablets,demand-response curtailment servicesAdvanced metering infrastructure Smart meters, in-home displays, servers, relays Meter data management system (MDMS)Electric vehicle charging infrastructure Charging infrastructure, batteries, inverters Energy billing, smart grid-to-vehicle charging(G2V) and discharging vehicle-to-grid (V2G)methodologiesTransmission enhancementDistribution grid managementRenewable & distributed generationintegrationWide area monitoring & controlSuperconductors, FACTS, High-voltage directcurrent (HVDC). Advanced transformers: Highefficiencyamorphous transformers, solid statetransformers (under development)Automated re-closers, switches and capacitors,remote-controlled distributed generation andstorage, transformer sensors, wire and cable sensors,distribution management systemsPower conditioning equipment for bulk powerand grid support, communication and controlhardware for generation and enabling storagetechnology; energy storage: advanced batteries,capacitors, fuel cells, compressed air, pumpedstoragePhasor measurement units (PMU) and other sensorequipmentNetwork stability analysis, automatic recoverysystems. Advanced transformer asset managementsystemsGeographic information system (GIS), distributionmanagement system (DMS), outage managementsystem (OMS), workforce managementsystem (WMS)Energy management system (EMS), distributionmanagement system (DMS), SCADA, geographicinformation system (GIS), battery managementsystemsSupervisory control and data acquisition(SCADA), wide-area monitoring systems (WAMS),wide-area adaptive protection, control andautomationSources: OECD/IEA, 2011 and CGGC, Duke University, 2011

Copenhagen Cleantech ClusterAppendices24Technology company matrixTechnology companiesProducts and ServicesInformation and communicationstechnology integrationC&I and residential building energymanagementAdvanced metering infrastructureEV charging infrastructureTransmission enhancementDistribution grid managementRenewable and distributed generationintegrationWide-area monitoring and controlABBEnergy storage, power products,power systems, discrete automationand motion, low-voltageproducts, process automation,servicesActuaSoftware for control of Smart GridAlcatel-LucentCommunication networks, e2esystems integration, consultancyservices.Alexandra InstituttetResearch based and user driven ITand process developmentAlstom GridHigh-voltage products, circuitbreakers, power electronics, automationsolutions, control roominformation technology, networkconsultancy, SCADA systems,power transformers.AmplexLow-voltage network monitoring,metering systems, energymanagement systemsBetter PlaceEVs and EV infrastructureChoosEVEV operator, infrastructure, chargingstations, EV projects, communicationstechnology, etc.Cisco System networks, IT security etc. -developing standardsCleanChargeSmart grid EV infrastructureContech AutomaticCoromaticAutomation solutions, SCADAsystems, power control, electricityinstallation, services and maintenanceIT-operational dependabilityDanfossInverters for photovoltaic installations,heatpumps, refrigerationand air-conditioningHardwareSoftware & other services

Technology companiesProducts and ServicesInformation and communicationstechnology integrationC&I and residential building energymanagementAdvanced metering infrastructureEV charging infrastructureTransmission enhancementDistribution grid managementRenewable and distributed generationintegrationWide-area monitoring and controlDevelco Products A/SEnergy management, buildingautomation, load control, smartmetering, grid balancing andenergy awarenessEglu A/SEnergy consumption control in hitechcommercial greenhousesElectrocomEnergy Registration and SmartMeteringEltel NetworksFull-service supplier within metering,smart grid, power supply etc.EnergyWiseHeat pumps, solar heat pumpsEnterprise Green It /EGIT - JouleXEnergy monitoring/data collection,energy scenario simulations,energy policy registration andmanagement within distributednetwork, DataCenters and facillities.Frichs A/SEngines and power heatingsystems, biogas sublimation,specialized engines, gas turbines,emergency power stations, maintenanceand servicesFuturecom BusinessSolutions A/SIT systemsGreenwave RealityEnergy control in buildingsGridmanagerEnergy efficiency and management,automatic demandresponse, load shifting and gridbalancingGrundfosHeat pumps for residential buildings,control and monitoringHoneyWellAutomation and control solutionsIBMSoftware for EV infrastructureHardwareSoftware & other services

Copenhagen Cleantech ClusterAppendices26Technology companiesProducts and ServicesInformation and communicationstechnology integrationC&I and residential building energymanagementAdvanced metering infrastructureEV charging infrastructureTransmission enhancementDistribution grid managementRenewable and distributed generationintegrationWide-area monitoring and controlIEN ConsultantsIntelligent buildings, measurementanalysis and control for buildingsInoPowerControl systems for large scalerenewable energy integration intopower gridsJuniper NetworksSystem networks, IT security etc.KamstrupAdvanced metering solutions,smart meters for smart grids, residentialmeters & industrial metersKemp & LauritzenElectricity installation, services,power enterprises, engineering,total service, high voltage andsupply, transmissionKK electronic A/SControl systemsLandis & GyrMeters for grid, residential andindustry buildingsLogicaFull service ranging from consultancyto full business processoutsourcing within smart gridservices and solutions. Solutionsinclude smart metering, real-timeenterprise asset managementand running central markets.Implementer of major third partysolutions, including SAP.Microsoft Development CenterCopenhagenIT systemsNeogrid Technologies ApSSolutions for remote controlof consumption, aggregation+ activation of flexible powerconsumption with special focuson controlling heat pumps, gridbalancing and energy efficiencyand managementNorth QRealtime metering solutions, energysaving solutions, readers forvisualizing power, gas and waterconsumption etc.HardwareSoftware & other services

Technology companiesProducts and ServicesInformation and communicationstechnology integrationC&I and residential building energymanagementAdvanced metering infrastructureEV charging infrastructureTransmission enhancementDistribution grid managementRenewable and distributed generationintegrationWide-area monitoring and controlPowerSenseSupervision and control systemsQeesQEES is a global supplier of 'intelligentsolutions' or smart homesolutions for homes, offices,hotels, schools, etc.Schneider ElectricEnergy management, software,industrial automation, electricaldistribution, installation systemsetc.Seluxit ApSIntelligent buildings, Smart Gridsand Meters, Control ElectronicsSemco Maritime A/SIT systemsSiemens EnergyEnergy production, transmissionand distribution, e-mobility andinfrastructureSolarcap A/SIntelligent buildingsSpiraeActive Distribution ManagementSystem, smart grid modeling andsimulation, cell controllers andsmart grid consultancyTopsil Semiconductor Materialssemiconductors and componentsfor grid, wind turbinesVikingegaarden A/SIntelligent charging system forvehicles, public charges, parkingplace solution, domestic chargesVmwareVirtualization and cloudWexøeElectronic hardwareHardwareSoftware & other services

Copenhagen Cleantech ClusterAppendices28Consultancy company matrixTechnology companiesProducts and ServicesInformation and communicationstechnology integrationC&I and residential building energymanagementAdvanced metering infrastructureEV charging infrastructureTransmission enhancementDistribution grid managementRenewable and distributed generationintegrationWide-area monitoring and controlAccentureConsultancy, technology andoutsourcing of smart gridservices and software solutions.Accenture has experts on smartgrid strategy, business cases,data management and systemintegration.CapgeminiIT and management consultancyservices: Smart Energy Services,e.g. energy efficiency, smartmetering, transformation of utilitycompanies, grid monitoring etc.CiberConsultancy and systemsCowiConsultancyDevoteam consultingConsultancy and systemsEA EnergianalyseEnergy consultancy and researchEKJConsulting engineersEnervision A/SConsultancy, energy controlExergiConsultancyGrontmijConsultancyNirasConsultancyRamböllConsultancyTeknologisk InstitutDevelops, utilizes and communicatesresearch and technologybasedknowledge of smart grid.VillaWattTest facilities for energy-savingbuildings


Copenhagen Cleantech ClusterAppendices30Company contact listCompany Website Address ContactABB A/S Meterbuen 332740 SkovlundeT: +45 44 50 44 50Accenture Arne Jacobsens Allé 152300 København ST: +45 72 28 80 00Actua ApS Åbogade 158200 Aarhus NT: +45 70 27 72 72Alcatel-Lucent Islands Brygge 432300 København ST: +45 44 80 75 00Alexandra Instituttet A/S Åbogade 348200 Aarhus NT: +45 70 27 70 12Alstom Grid Strevelinsvej 87000 FredericiaT: +45 76 24 53 30Amplex A/S Silkeborgvej 28000 Aarhus CT: +45 87 30 45 00Better Place Lygten 392400 København NVT: +45 70 27 02 47Capgemini Delta Park 402665 Vallensbæk StrandT: +45 70 11 22 00ChoosEV A/S Vester Farimagsgade 17, 1. sal1606 København VT: +45 82 30 30 30CIBER A/S Ringager 4C2605 BrøndbyT: +45 44 66 24 66Cisco Automatikvej 1, stuen2860 SøborgT: +45 39 58 50 00CleanCharge Solutions ApS Nytorv 17, baghuset1450 København KT: +45 22 95 34 42Contech Automatic ApS Aarhusvej 384800 Nykøbing FT: +45 54 88 44 40Coromatic A/S Agerhatten 55220 Odense SØT: +45 66 17 62 60COWI A/S Parallelvej 22800 Kgs. LyngbyT: +45 45 97 22 11Per Rømer KofodT: +45 21 40 27 33E: SkjøtskiftT: +45 25 28 80 48E: trygve.skjotskift@accenture.comNiels KoldsøT: +45 60 35 50 50E: nko@actua.dkPer DyrhofE: per.dyrhof@alcatel-lucent.comJan HorsagerT: +45 20 16 66 15E: Jan.horsager@alexandra.dkOle Kaarup NielsenT: +45 76 20 11 80E: ole.nielsen@alstom.comNønne Holm CarlsenE: nhc@amplex.dkMikkel WestenholzE: mikkel.westenholz@betterplace.comMichael HolmE: michael.holm@capgemini.comLars BordingLars DamgaardT: +45 24 82 27 76E: lars.damgaard@ciber.comMichael NielsenE: micniels@cisco.comNils DullumHenrik LundahlT: +45 54 88 44 50E: hel@contech-automatic.dkMia Brith Fisker JørgensenT: +45 63 17 02 17Stig ChristensenT: +45 20 29 51 11E:

Company Website Address ContactDanfoss A/S Nordborgvej 816430 NordborgT: +45 74 88 85 00Develco Products A/S Olof Palmes Allé 408200 Aarhus NT: +45 87 40 03 70DONG Energy Kraftværksvej 537000 FredericiaT: +45 99 55 11 11EA Energianalyse A/S Frederiksholms Kanal 4, 3.th1220 København KT: +45 88 70 70 83Søren Bækhøj KjærT: +45 74 88 13 59E: sbk@danfoss.comDorte Gårdbo PedersenT: +45 25 38 54 34E: dgp@develco.dkPeder Dybdal CajarT: +45 99 55 49 61E: pedca@dongenergy.dkMikael TogebyT: +45 60 39 17 07E: mt@eaea.dkEGIT - Enterprise Green IT Lars Carl HoltenT: +45 40 35 35 25E: lch@egit.dkeglu A/S Petersborgvej 408570 TrustrupEKJ Blegdamsvej 582100 København ØT: +45 33 11 14 14Electrocom Rødeledsvej 955700 SvendborgT: +45 88 80 75 80Eltel Networks Stationsparken 252600 GlostrupT: +45 88 13 50 00Enervision A/S Præstegårdsvej 96534 AgerskovT: +45 73 90 32 00EnergyWise ApS Metalvej 7A, st.4000 RoskildeT: +45 20 21 00 99Exergi Strandgade 94, 1. th1401 København KCharlotte S. LadefogedT: +45 29 72 46 36E: charlotte@eglu.netEvy Beck AndersenT: +45 33 95 72 11E: eba@ekj.dkKim BrunT: +45 31 11 12 05E: kmr@electrocom.dkCarlo LazarE: carlo.lazar@eltelnetworks.dkOle DamE: od@enervision.dkGöran WilkeT: +45 21 50 55 58E: gw@exergi.dkBerg BrixT: +45 61 22 74 03E: bbr@frichs.comFrichs A/S Sverigesvej 168700 HorsensT: +45 75 64 72 44GreenWave Reality ApS Dr. Neergaards Vej 32970 HørsholmT: +45 69 13 23 33GridManager A/S Livøvej 218800 ViborgT: +45 50 77 01 70Grontmij A/S Granskoven 82600 GlostrupT: +45 43 48 60 60Bo LustrupT: +45 22 60 03 80E: bo@greenwavereality.comMogens BirkelundT: +45 50 77 01 71E: mb@gridmanager.dkHans-Martin Friis MøllerT: +45 27 23 60 90E:

Copenhagen Cleantech ClusterAppendices32Company Website Address ContactGrundfos A/S Poul Due Jensens Vej 78850 BjerringbroT: +45 87 50 14 00Hakon BørstingE: hboersting@grundfos.comHoneyWell Strandvejen 702900 HellerupT: +45 39 55 55 55IBM ApS Nymøllevej 912800 Kgs. LyngbyT: +45 45 23 30 00InoPower Stigborgvej 36, st.9400 Nr. SundbyT: +45 98 16 45 66Kim OestrupT: +45 28 80 37 98E: DavidsenT: +45 96 32 38 20E: td@inopower.dkJuniper Networkswww.jnpr.dkKamstrup A/S Industrivej 288660 SkanderborgT: +45 89 93 10 00Kemp & Lauritzen A/S Roskildevej 122620 AlbertslundT: +45 43 66 88 88KK-Electronic A/S Bøgildvej 37430 IkastT: +45 97 22 10 33Landis+Gyr A/S Dalbergstrøget 5, 1.sal2630 TaastrupT: +45 70 21 25 30Logica Lautrupvang 102750 BallerupT: +45 44 78 40 00Lis MusmandT: +45 89 93 10 09E: lm@kamstrup.dkChristian BeiterErik GammelgaardJohn HammekenE: john.hammeken@landisgyr.comChristina JørgensenMicrosoft Development Tuborg Boulevard 122900 HellerupT: +45 44 89 01 00Neogrid Technologies ApS Niels Jernes Vej 109220 Aalborg ØNIRAS Sortemosevej 23450 AllerødT: +45 48 10 42 00NorthQ ApS Strandvejen 157, 1.tv2900 HellerupT: +45 70 27 18 18PowerSense A/S Skovlytoften 332840 HolteT: +45 76 10 00 17QEES A/S Naverland 31, 2. tv2600 GlostrupT: +45 70 23 02 39Henrik Lund StærmoseT: +45 30 65 46 61E: hls@neogrid.dkLars Boye MortensenT: +45 96 30 64 50E: lbm@niras.dkChristian von ScholtenT: +45 22 40 80 23E: cvs@northq.comMartin SpeiemannT: +45 76 10 00 17E: sales@powersense.dkMorten BremildE:

Company Website Address ContactRambøll A/S Hannemanns Allé 532300 København ST: +45 51 61 10 00Schneider Electric A/S Industriparken 322750 BallerupT: +45 44 20 70 00SE Sydenergi Ravnevej 126705 Esbjerg ØT: +45 70 11 50 00SEAS-NVE Hovedgaden 364520 SvinningeT: +45 70 29 29 29Seluxit ApS Hjulmagervej 32B9000 AalborgT: +45 46 92 27 22Thomas RandT: +45 51 61 86 10E: tr@ramboll.comJoe AndersenT: +45 40 70 33 30E: joe.andersen@schneider-electric.comPalle LarsenT: +45 75 18 86 10Kristina Fløche JuelsgaardT: +45 70 29 25 74E: kfj@seas-nve.dkDaniel LuxE: daniel@seluxit.comSemco Maritime A/S Stenhuggervej 12-146710 Esbjerg VT: +45 79 16 66 66Siemens Energy Borupvang 32750 BallerupT: +45 44 77 44 54Per RoosT: +45 44 77 44 54E: per.roos@siemens.comSolarcap A/S Breeltevej 182970 HørsholmT: +45 39 57 04 00Spirae Julie Zinn PattiT: +1 970 449-8528E: jzinnpatti@spirae.comTeknologisk Institut Gregersensvej 32630 TaastrupT: +45 72 20 20 00Frank ElefsenT: +45 72 20 12 50E: fre@teknologisk.dkTopsil Semiconductor MaterialsA/ Linderupvej 43600 FrederikssundT: +45 47 36 56 00Vikingegaarden A/S Tinetvej 707173 VongeT: +45 75 80 39 60VillaWatt Hørskætten 52630 TaastrupT: +45 77 30 31 51Wexøe A/S Lejrvej 313500 VærløseT: +45 45 46 58 00Jan Agnoletti PedersenT: +45 27 60 02 02E: jap@vikingegaarden.comBirger HaugeT: +45 21 42 05 00E: birger.hauge@globalconnect.dkTom JappeT: +45 45 46 59 39E:

Copenhagen Cleantech ClusterAppendices34COMPANYCASESVikingegaarden: Creating intelligent chargingVikingegaarden is a market leader in concepts for web-basedGPS systems, the process industry, automation and totalsolutions. Vikingegaarden is well known and has an excellentreputation for highly innovative and user-friendly solutionsthat can be used anywhere in the world, such as the EVcharger,EVergreen charging.Company missionRight from the very beginning, the focus ofthe Danish Vikingegaarden company has beenon the user-friendliness of the advanced solutionswhich have been developed as part ofthe web-based CMS system, VikingegaardenManagement System (VMS). The aim hasbeen to create products which are intuitiveand easy to use.Company BackgroundThe company was established in 1996, andthe development of VMS began in 1999. Asthe VMS proved itself to the customers, it becamethe main focus of the company. BesidesVMS, the company’s core comprises CitectSCADA solutions.ProductsVikingegaarden products have been a greatsuccess and since the company’s clienteleis growing geographically as well as businesswise,Vikingegaarden has a desire tostrengthen the company’s already professionalnetwork which handles sales to theend users. The goal is to create a system thatmakes it easy to charge the batteries of electriccars while using carbon-neutral energy,such as from wind turbines. This will be a bigstep forward towards a practical solution tothe use of electric vehicles.Innovative projectsBacked by a budget framework of almostDKK 20 million, of which DKK 11.6 million hascome in funding from the so-called EUDP Programme,Vikingegaarden A/S has launcheda two-year development programme whichwill result in an intelligent charging station forElectric Vehicles (EVs) being ready for productionin 2012.EVergreen intelligent chargingVikingegaarden has developed the EVergreencharging post that allows the EV owner tochoose electricity when it is either cheapestor most CO2 friendly. EVergreen is spearheadingefforts to find a solution to the practicalitiesinvolved in using electric vehicles. Untilnow, the challenge has been to find a simpleand economical method of recharging electricvehicles, to reduce the barriers facing thewider distribution of electric vehicles and toensure optimum utilization of the fluctuatingelectricity supply from wind turbines inparticular.Charging the car when it is windyEVergreen will make it possible to increase theproportion of wind power and other sustainableenergy sources used to power electricvehicles as the system will be able to differentiatecharging. For example, it will be possibleto program the system to charge the mostwhen the supply of wind energy is greatest.The idea is popular, and Vikingegaarden hasalready received its first orders from the MotoMundo company and Thisted


Copenhagen Cleantech ClusterAppendices36COMPANYCASESInopower: Integration of large scale Wind Power into Smart Grid systemsDanish company Inopower has developed a smart grid controlsystem that solves specific Danish challenges and has thepotential to assist in the management of smart grids all overthe world. The system links large wind power infeeds with theDanish district heating system via a centralized database andthe remote control of production/consumption assets.Since 2006, the Danish-based technologycompany Inopower has been operating asmart grid control system for the integrationof large infeeds of wind power in production.The fact that the wind power infeed is adriving factor behind the power price makes aflexible remote-controlled smart grid systemlike the Inopower system valuable, as it enablesexisting assets to be made available tothe power system and gives the owner accessto new sources of potential income.The Danish wind challengeInopower started developing the controlsystem in response to a specific problem: Theintegration of large amounts of wind energyinto the Danish power grid necessitated anew design of the electricity market so as toenable all decentralized combined heatingand power plants to respond to the amountof wind-generated electricity on the grid. Theproduction of energy by wind turbines in Denmarkfluctuates from approx. 100% of thecountry’s electricity consumption on somedays to them being completely shut downon others. Troels Davidsen, CEO of Inopower,explains: “We wanted to create a solutionthat could be controlled on grids with largeamounts of wind energy or highly decentralizedenergy production, as this calls for highflexibility and the ability to integrate into differentmarkets.”Storage potentialAt present the Inopower control system ishandling 250 MW major consumers and 750MW production units on a daily basis, and theremote-controlled units in the system are CHPplants with controllable production/consumptionand thermal storage capability. But thesystem will also be able to handle power storageunits like batteries once battery technologyachieves commercialization.Keeping a balance on the gridFurthermore, the system is connected to thewind power plants themselves, enabling thewind turbines to respond to situations wheredirect load control of the wind power productionof the turbines is necessary to be ableto keep a balance on the grid. By using theInopower control system, the power systembenefits in terms of being able to utilize itsexisting capacity for grid balancing, and theowners of the assets are able to use their assetsto participate in balancing the power gridand thereby achieve a higher profit on theirinvestments.Intelligent response of assets on powergrids with large wind power infeedThe Inopower system links assets to the powermarket in a way that enables the assets torespond to the actual operation status on thepower grid, as they are traded everyday onthe Nord Pool power market. In this way, thepower grid can use a mixture of assets withdifferent capabilities in the most beneficialway from both a technical and financial pointof view. Fast-reacting frequency reservesare available in the Inopower system, wherethe assets are online controlled according todeviations in the grid frequency down to milliseconddeviations. Slow-reacting assets areactivated in response to inaccuracies in windpower forecasts, big power cuts or failures onthe grid. The assets switch between operatingmodes throughout the day, and the powergrid can utilize capacity in the most profitableway.Operation of assets through the InopowersystemThe assets in the Inopower system are responsiveto the power price, and during timesof high wind power infeed and low powerprices, the large power consumers can benefitif they can make capacity for ancillary servicesavailable for the power grid. During lowwind power infeed resulting in higher powerprices, the production units are more competitivein making capacity available for ancillaryservices. This functionality is provided by theInopower system.

“WE WANTED TOCREATE A SO-LUTION THATCOULD BE CON-TROLLED ONGRIDS WITHLARGE AMOUNTSOF WINDENERGY”International prospectsAccording to Troels Davidsen, there is aspecific reason why Inopower is Danish-based:“We see Denmark as an obvious country toimplement the solutions, as we have lots ofwind energy here as well as large numbersof decentralized power units that we cancontrol remotely and integrate into differentmarkets.” However, Troels Davidsen alsosees opportunities to implement Inopowersolutions in other countries facing the samechallenges Denmark has experienced: “Alldecentralized production or wind power willdemand remote control and systems thatenable smaller consumption or productionunits to act in response to the power grid andsupport it when necessary. And as we have alot of experience of operating these solutionsat full scale, we see our solutions as possiblyrelevant in a lot of other countries.”www.inopower.dkSource: Troels Davidsen , Inopower A/S

Copenhagen Cleantech ClusterAppendices38COMPANYCASESQEES: Taps into large market potentialQEES is a global supplier of intelligent or ‘smart home’ solutionsthat uses Danish assets as a platform to reach internationalmarkets with large potential.The Danish company QEES was establishedin 2008 as the successor to Innovus, whichdates back to 2005. QEES provides a strong,open and broad infrastructure of energymanagement/smart home products for itsstrategic partners, such as energy utilities,telcos and broadband providers. It enablesinnovative strategic partners to bundle veryaffordable and attractive value propositionsfor their customers based on the QEES GreenLiving SolutionTM. On this platform for collaborationin the industry, QEES is pursuing astrategy to trigger the smart home mass marketso that everyone can enjoy the benefitsof a 21st century electrical installation andadopt a green lifestyle – at QEES called GreenLivingTM.Partnership building essentialMorten Bremild, Sales and Marketing Directorat QEES, explains that the company’s keycompetencies revolve around innovation andthe ability to develop business and strategicpartnerships. “Obviously, we base that onstrong software and hardware design capabilities,which is the reason why we can offer themarket the most comprehensive and leadingedgeproduct range to date.”Denmark: the cradle for smart home innovationTo Morten Bremild, there is a natural reasonwhy QEES is Danish: “Denmark was one of thefirst countries to develop smart home technologiesin the early 1990s, and the industry istherefore relatively mature compared to othercountries. Add to this the strong design andinnovation culture in Denmark and you havea sound environment for developing energymanagement and smart home business.”Smart homes have market potentialAccording to Morten Bremild, the Danish markethas enormous potential for smart homes,which QEES aims to tap into, offering solutionssuitable for the specific Danish electricalstandard and small wall and pattress boxes.Furthermore, QEES believes that being basedin Denmark gives the company advantagesin terms of product development: “Denmarkis a relatively mature environment for energymanagement/smart home solutions, and inthis way it constitutes an attractive ‘test environment’or ‘greenhouse’ for the features andfunctionality of tomorrow,” Morten Bremildsays, before adding: “however, it is importantto note that we think and act globally, asthe energy management and smart homedemands we meet and the technologies weapply know no bounds.”

Spirae: from USA to DenmarkSpirae, Inc., based in Fort Collins, Colorado, USA, developsdistributed control systems for the large scale integration ofrenewables and Distributed Energy Resources (DER) withinelectric power systems. Spirae’s BlueFin platform wasdeveloped and refined through strategic project activities inthe US and Europe over the past eight years – five of whichSpirae has worked in Denmark.Spirae’s field-tested multi-layer technologyenables network operators to seamlesslyincorporate large amounts of DER such asgeneration, load management and storage.The resulting “Smart Grid” can leverageembedded DER for optimizing distribution networkoperations, intermittency managementand firming for renewables, higher networkcapacity utilization, voltage regulation, peakload reduction, smart charging and vehicle-togridoperations, DER aggregation and marketparticipation, and various location-basedancillary services.Closely linked to university researchSpirae co-owns and operates the InteGrid Testand Development Laboratory at the Enginesand Energy Conversion Laboratory at ColoradoState University. The InteGrid Lab is a megawattscale distributed generation and distributionnetwork test facility where Spirae’s solutionsand third party solutions are installedand tested for performance validation.Broad range of projectsNotable Spirae projects include the CellController project for, the DanishTransmission System Operator; renewable anddistributed system integration project (RDSI)for Fort Collins Utilities for peak load reduction;multiple US North West Utility demonstrationprojects for novel market integration; cybersecurity, remote system management, andmicrogrid operations for a multinational SmartGrid integration company; and simulationstudies for North American Utility for largescalewind integration, dynamic topologymanagement, and self-healing capabilities.Spirae in DenmarkSpirae has been working in Denmark forapproximately five years on contract As the lead contractor for theCell Controller project, Spirae has been spearheadinga research project that supportsDenmark’s goal to become a carbon neutralcountry. The network management technologiesthat have been developed enable DistributedEnergy Resources (DER) to be leveragedfor multiple applications such as end-useenergy optimization, distribution networkmanagement, wholesale market participation,and transmission support services.Spirae enjoys the Danish innovation-friendlybusiness environmentWith the continuing adoption of favorablenational energy policies in Denmark and thelarger Nordic region, there is a rapid expansionof opportunities for Spirae. Spirae seesDenmark as a central hub of the region’sactivity with an innovation-friendly businessenvironment making it an excellent choice forour European operations. “With the openingof, we look forward to collaboratingwith utilities and cities in the region to helpthem meet their energy and climate goals,”CEO of Spirae, Sunil Cherian states.For more information, please contact:Julie Zinn Patti, Chief Operating 970

Copenhagen Cleantech ClusterAppendices40PROJECTSEcoGrid EU – testing the intelligent power systemA full-scale test site: this is what Bornholm, a Danish island inthe Baltic Sea, functions as as part of the EcoGrid EU project,one of the most ambitious smart grid projects in the world.The vision is to create a complete energy system to act asa blueprint for the rest of Denmark and hopefully for othercountries.The key objective of the EcoGrid EU projectis to demonstrate the efficient operationof a distribution power system with a highpenetration of many and variable renewableenergy resources. This requires the activeuse of new communications technology andinnovative market solutions, involving a broadrange of companies in different fields. TheEcoGrid EU project will combine knowledgefrom previous EU-funded projects into alarge-scale demonstration which will make asubstantial contribution to a “Road map forEuropean Smart Grids deployment”.Creating solutions to reduce energy consumptionFinding the balance between fluctuatingenergy production and consumption is a realchallenge. To try to address this, part of theEcoGrid EU project will involve consumersdirectly by giving them a tool to help solve thisproblem. This will be in the form of a “smart”meter informing the consumers about realtimeprices, which will fluctuate according toproduction. They will then be able to preprogramtheir consumption to a certain price.The incentive for the consumers is to savethe environment and/or to potentially gainfinancial benefit.where the connection between Bornholmand the mainland is interrupted. This makes itpossible to observe the island as a full-scalemodel. In addition to this, a high proportion ofBornholm’s energy supply is based on windpower and other renewable energy resourceswhich give a degree of instability in energyproduction. This is a picture of the future forthe rest of the world when we will all rely onrenewable energy, making Bornholm perfectas a case study of the interaction betweenproduction, grid and consumption. This opportunityfor research in the area is expected toattract leading international researchers andcompanies to the project.Small island, big ambitionsFurthermore, the island’s new function as atest site for the EcoGrid EU project echoes itsown vision of the future. It is the aim of themunicipality of Bornholm that the island willbe known as 100 % reliant on sustainable andrenewable energy by 2014. Their ambitiousvision is not to be a green island, but to be thegreenest island in the world.Contact:Kim, the lab in the Baltic SeaBornholm is the ideal test and demonstrationsite for power systems. The island is able tooperate as an isolated energy system in cases

EDISON: Utilizing Danish Expertise to Create Sustainable SolutionsThe purpose of the EDISON (Electric vehicles in a Distributedand Integrated market using Sustainable energy and OpenNetworks) project is to develop system solutions and technologiesfor EVs and PHEVs that will enable a sustainable,economic, and reliable energy system for global use, and toprepare and provide a technical platform for Danish demonstrationsof EVs.Complex systems are neededElectric vehicles (EVs) present a unique opportunityto transition our energy consumptionin the transport sector from fossil fuels tofuels based on renewable energy.It should be possible to utilize the full potentialbenefits of the interaction betweenEVs and the power grid because of the availabilityof large amounts of power fromfluctuating sources. This implies the need forthe development of systems that willenable EVs to charge when there is a surplusof energy in the system and to resupplyenergy to the grid when there is a shortage ofpower in the system.A unique partnership creating solutionsTo meet the challenges outlined, Danishexpertise can be utilized to develop optimalsystem solutions for EV system integration, includingnetwork issues, market concepts, andoptimal interactions between different energytechnologies. EDISON is one of the large-scaleprojects that aims to do exactly this, and in aunique consortium, eight partners consistingof research institutions and major industry enterprisesare working together to create anddemonstrate such optimal system solutions.The partners in the EDISON project each contributetheir special area of competency:1. Danish Energy: Creation of a commonknowledge platform for all consortiumpartners.2. DTU-CET: Development of a systemarchitecture design for EV systems.3. IBM: Development of Distributed integrationtechnology.4. Siemens: Development of a central fastchargingand battery-swapping stationdesign.5. Eurisco: Development and testing of theEV power and communication interfaces.6a. Dong Energy: Laboratory testing of EVchargingcontrol systems and the batterymodels developed in previous WPs onSYSlab at Risø.6b. Østkraft: Testing of several EVs andcharging stations installed in the distributiongrid on Bornholm.7. Danish Energy: Formation of a steeringgroup to ensure dissemination of the projectresults on all levels, and the provisionof efficient project management.Contact:Project ManagerJørgen S. Christensenjsc@danskenergi.dkSource:www.edison-net.dkInterdisciplinaryThe EDISON collaboration therefore providesan opportunity to work through all the stagesof EV development in a comprehensivefashion, from research through concept andtechnology development to demonstration.Despite incorporating all of these aspects,the project will, however, focus primarily onresearch, as well as concept and technologydevelopment.

Copenhagen Cleantech ClusterAppendices42PROJECTSElectricity Demand as a Frequency-Controlled Reserve (DFR)The active control of electricity demand is a key technologyin creating a more dynamic, wind-power-friendly energy system.The DFR demonstration project is about using electricitydemand as fast reserves. This is an alternative to some ofthe most expensive reserves in the current electricity system.Maintaining the power balance betweensupply and demand is of highest priority inpower system operation. If a power planttrips, the system frequency will decrease, andthe balance must quickly be re-establishedby using reserves. Today, the – very costly –reserves are provided mainly by generationside resources, including the extra capacity ofgenerators and interconnection lines.Refrigerators as energy reservesReserves can also be provided by using frequency-controlleddemand, which has severaladvantages, e.g. fast responding speed, lowcosts and high dispersion at feeder level etc.Most importantly, it can enhance system stabilityfor any future power system for which ahigh penetration of fluctuating renewable energyis foreseen. There are many demands inpower systems that can be used as reserves.In particular, thermostatically-controlled loadssuch as heaters and refrigerators have cyclicon/off characteristics with considerablevolume, which make them ideal to be used asfrequency-controlled reserves.Dfr technology offers many advantagesDFR is a promising technology from severalperspectives. From a technical point of view,DFR can be used to provide reserves and enhancepower system frequency control, whilefulfilling power system requirements suchas linear activation. From an environmentalpoint of view, DFR technology is pollution freeunlike traditional reserves from generationside resources. And from an economic pointof view, the cost of such reserves can be low,and can offer an attractive business modelproviding benefits for both society and theparties involved.Technology will spur market advantagesAs renewable energy with its fluctuating tendenciesis increasingly integrated into powersystems, frequency control will become criticalin the future where e.g. it has been recommendedthat 50% of electricity consumptionis supplied by wind power in Denmark by2025. The DFR can facilitate such a trendby providing quality service at need and at alow cost and zero pollution. If implemented,unique advantages in market competition canbe gained to realize the business potential forDanish manufacturers.A project with a possible key role for thefuture power systemThe DFR project is an ongoing research initiativecomprising several theoretical projectson the same subject, which has now beengranted an extension for practical demonstration.It is being hosted by the power systemat Bornholm island, with the local systemoperator Østkraft having committed their fullsupport. The Bornholm system has encounteredserious difficulties in maintaining systemfrequency during islanded operation periodswhere wind power has to be greatly reduced.This challenge is also foreseen for futurepower systems with an increased share of renewableenergy. The research outcome fromthe Bornholm system will be universally applicableand could play a key role in developingnew technology for the Danish power systemin the future.Contact:Mikael Togeby, EA

PowerLabDK: a world-class research platformToday we are getting even more of our energy from windpower and other kinds of renewables. The production of energyis therefore fluctuating according to wind and weather.PowerLabDK is an experimental platform established to supportthe development of technologies that can help maintainthe stability of our energy supply and the balance betweenproduction and consumption.The mission of PowerLabDK is to enable differentstakeholders to develop intelligent powersystems for the future in one of the bestresearch platforms in the world.Today we are not able to store electricitycheaply enough. This is a challenge thatwe have to overcome in order to be able tomanage the probable imbalance between anenergy supply from unstable sources such aswind power, and consumption with its peakperiods in demand.Room for smart grid innovationPowerLabDK provides laboratory facilitiesfor experimental research, technologicalinnovation and education in electric powerand energy with a focus on intelligent powersystems and sustainable energy technologiesthat can enable a low-carbon future in whichthe power supply system is mainly basedon sustainable energy. This experimentalplatform is expected to give Denmark uniqueopportunities within business development,export and green growth.Experimental facilitiesThe facilities available to PowerLabDK includeexisting facilities at the four partner institutionsas well as others that are currentlybeing established. These range from flexiblelaboratories at DTU Elektro and IHK, to a largescaleexperimental facility at Risø DTU, and acomplete full-scale power system at Bornholm(Østkraft). Together they constitute aninternationally unique research platform.Welcoming different partnersThe platform is available to researchers fromboth Danish and foreign universities, companiesworking in the area and anyone whoneeds experimental verification of their theoriesand models. Examples of current projectsusing PowerLabDK as the research platformare the EDISON Project and More MicroGrids(EU Project). In addition to the institutionsmentioned above, PowerLabDK has a numberof stakeholders.FinancingPowerLabDK has a total budget of 19 millionEUR., of which 4 million EUR comes from theEnergy Technology Development and DemonstrationProgramme (EUDP) while the restcomes from a number of Danish companies,the Technical University of Denmark (DTU)and the Green Labs DK programme.Contact:ProfessorJacob Ø


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