F2PNAEBrazilian SchoolFeeding Program
F4Brazil Briefing• Federative Republic of Brazil• Population: 187 million inhabitants• Area: 8.5 square kilometers or 3.3million square miles• Capital: Brasilia• Language: Portuguese• Gross National Product: US$ 1,3 trillion
Slide 2F4First of all, I will show you something of the brazilian reality.Brazil is a Federative Republic, with 190 millioh inhabitants, an area of 8.5 square kilometers. It's about 3.3 square miles.The Brazil's capital is Brasilia, our language is portuguese and we are the 10º world greatest economy with a Gross National Productabout US$ 1 trillion.FNDE, 7/2/2007
Public Administration• Central Government• 26 States and a Federal District• 5,564 Municipalities• All government levels aresimultaneously responsible forpublic educational system
Public Education• Basic education: kindergarten, daycare,primary, middle and secondaryschool• 43 million students in public schools• 165 thousand public schools
School Feeding Program• 20% of daily nutritional needs mustbe attended by the program• R$ 0,22 (US$ 0.13) per student daily• 200 learning days per year• 43 million students will be attendedin 2009• US$ 1,1 billion budget in 2008
PNAE Evolution• 1955/74 Regional Humanitarian campaignbased on international donations• 1974/94 All School Feeding Programexecuted by the Brazilian own budget(exclusively for poorest mucipalities)• 1994 Universal: PNAE is executed as a directresource transference from central governmentto states and municipalities, according to theirnumber of students in public schools (allmunicipalities)
Number of Students attended(1955-2008)YearMunicipalitiesSchoolsStudents195513734085.00019552851.896236.94819568497.559724.99119571.1509.345908.11819581.49211.3301.487.63219591.601-1.901.44219601.66119.8912.572.42619652.09752.4835.680.25719703.38593.27310.416.347197920083.5495.564110.297165.00014.003.76240.630.541Source: 1954: SANTOS, W. “Destaque”, op.cit, p. 31959: “Relatório Julianelli”, op.cit.Demais Anos: MEC, DNE, “Relatórios Anuais”, 1956-1958, 1960, 1967-1979.
Value EvolutionR$ Cents per Student Daily13151821 222003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Resource Destination• Financial transferences are used onlyto purchase food for school feeding• States and municipalities providevoluntary counterpart estimatedaround 50% over PNAE federalresources• Average counterpart to purchasefood is US$ 0.06 per student daily
International StandardPNAE and WFP Ideal – Per Capita/Day/US$ Cents1917136PNAE COUNTERPART TOTAL WFP IDEAL
Legal Basis• Articles 205 and 208 of the BrazilianFederal Constitution (1988)• Law n° 2.178-36, de 24/08/01• Zero Hunger Strategy - PPA• Resolution nº 32, de 10/08/06• Resolution CFN nº 358, de 18/05/2005• Interministry Norm nº 1.010/06• Alimentary and Nutritional Security Law,2006• Decree 6447/08 - PAA
Main Principles• Universal Service: Human Right Concept• Continuous: From Feb to Nov (SchoolYear)• Equal Treatment to all Students• Decentralized Management: DirectTransfer of Federal Funds to States andMunicipalities• Social control – School Feeding Councils
Objectives and GoalsPromoteHealthyAlimentaryHabitsDenmark theLocalEconomy andGenerateEmploymentand IncomeReduce de EvasionIndicesPNAEAlimentary andNutritionalSecurityAttend at least 20% of student’s dailynutritional needsPromote the ChildrenHealthRespect theRegional HabitsSocial Control
FunctioningTRANSFERS(10 monthly installments)Specific AccountBasis: Scholar CensusStates and MunicipalitiesBUY THE MEALSLaw nº 8.666/93Better PricesBetter QualityAgricultural VocationRegional HabitsDistributionMeals in theSchools
PNAE’s Rendering of Accounts• Municipalities, States and Federal Districtmust render accounts of PNAE to FNDEevery year until February 28.• The rendering of Accounts must beaccompanied by a final report from theSchool Meal Council (CAE)• Failure to render accounts will result insuspension of further allocations and thelaunch of an Accounting Auditory.
School Meal Councils (CAE)• Each one of the 26 States, the FederalDistrict and the 5,564 municipalitiesmust have a CAE – School Meal Councilestablished• Each CAE must have unless 7 Members:2 representatives of Students Parents; 2Teachers; 1 Civil Society; 1 ExecutiveBranch; and 1 Legislative Branch• About 70 thousand counselors in Brazil
School Meal Councils Duties• Approve the Executing Entity Accounts• Monitory the Use and Quality of School Meals(Sanitary end Hygiene)• Monitory the development of school lunch menus(verifying if there is nutritionist)• Notify the Executing Entity of Any Problems withFood, including expiration dates, decay or spoiling• Notify the FNDE or other Control Bodies (Federal AuditCourt, Federal Comptrollers Office, Public ProsecutionService) in case the executing entity fais to complywith applicable legal requirements in the use of PNAEfunds
MEALS OFFERED AT SCHOOLS (PNAE 2006)Percentage of foods offered at schools attended by PNAEPercentage (%)10090807060504030201325 26 27 31 36 36 40 56 59 62 66 73798893Canned FoodsSoyaMeat in cannFruitsDairy DrinkJuice (natural)Ham and similarEggsVegetablesJuice (artificial)Meat/Chicken/FishInstant ChocolateBeans10Milk01Macaronirice
Consumption of Fruits and VegetablesPNAE (2004-2006)80%Percentage (%)80%70%60%50%40%30%20%10%0%28%Fruits62%57%Vegetables
What are we doing to promote thefamily agriculture in BrazilianSchool Feeding Program?• PL 2877/2008• Decree 6.447/2008
Advances in Family Agriculture withPL 2877/2008Article 2: The guidelines of the school feeding are:I - The employment of healthy food which includesthe use of various and insurances foods that respectthe culture, traditions and healthy eating habits;V – The support for sustainable developmentagiculture, with incentives for the purchase ofdiversified foods, produced in the local andpreferably by the family agriculture.
Advances in Family Agriculture withPL 2877/2008Article 13. At least thirty percent of the financialresources shared by the FNDE to PNAE must beused for the purchase of food from familyagriculture, prioritizing the settlements of landreform, the indigenous and communities ofquilombos.Single Paragraph - The purchase may be helddispensing the bidding process.
Purchase from the Family AgricultureDecree 6.447/2008Direct Purchase from the Family Agriculture toSchool Feeding.Beneficiares: Family farmers – 4 millions familiesProducts Developed: Agriculture, livestock, fish, poultry, grains andothers
Brazil in The Millennium Development Goals1. Erradicate Extreme Poverty and HungerReduce by half between 1990 and 2015 the proportion ofpeople living on less than US$ 1 a day.On MDG 1, Brazil has already fulfilled its commitment to this Goal1990: 4.7%2006: 2.2%4. Reduce Child MortalityReduce, between 1990 and 2015, by two thirds the mortalityrate among children.On MDG 4, child mortality and infant mortality have beendecreasing at an escalating pace. At the national level Brazil islikely to reach the Goal if present trend continues.1990: 8.8%2006: 4.2%
Next Steps• Increasing technical aid to Africa and LatinAmerica• Strengthening international insertion• Improving the PNAE’s assessment andmonitoring
FNDENational Agency forEducation Developmentwww.fnde.gov.br