Hazard Mitigation Planning

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Hazard Mitigation Planning


What is Hazard Mitigation?Any action takento reducefuturedisaster losses

Hazard Mitigation Examples• Acquisition of homes• Elevation of utilities• Building codes• Public education

Whydevelop a Mitigation Plan?• Reduce risk of future disaster losses• An ounce of prevention is worth apound of cure• Eligibility for FEMA mitigation fundingMitigation success stories and case studies at www.fema.gov/mitigationss

Long Beach, Mississippi, Oct 30, 2005A lone, mitigated home stands alone after Hurricane Katrina

Sweet Lake, Louisiana, Sept 24, 2005Elevated homes near Lake Charles survive Hurricane Rita

Pass Christian, Mississippi, February 6, 2006Rebuilt just 10 months prior to Hurricane Katrina using best mitigationigationpractices, this house sustained little damage from the storm.

HazardMitigationSaves”• Independent study of FEMA grants• $1 in mitigation -> > $4 saved• 220 lives and 4700 injuries over 50 yrsReport available at www.nibs.org/MMC/mmcactiv5.html

FEMA Mitigation Funding• HMGP (Hazard Mitigation Grant Program)• PDM (Pre-Disaster Mitigation)• FMA (Flood Mitigation Assistance)• RFC (Repetitive Flood Loss) 2006 Program• SRL (Severe Repetitive Flood Loss) 2007 ProgramFor more on FEMA grant programs,see www.fema.gov/government/grant/index.shtm

ALL FUNDING IS MANAGEDTHROUGH NJOEM• Grant administrators• Review reimbursement requests• Disburse funds to sub-grantee• Inspect projects• Conduct final closeout• Provide Technical Assistance

CURRENT FEMA FUNDEDPROJECTS IN NJ• CARNEYS POINT: PDM- $1.6 million• WAYNE TWP: FMA/HMGP- $5.5 million• HARMONY: FMA/HMGP- $2.8 million• FAIRFIELD: HMGP- $257,000• POHATCONG: HMGP- $500,000• LITTLE FALLS: RFC- $1.9 million (pending)• ALL HAZARD PLAN DEVELOPMENT WITHINSTATE- $3.8 million (Essex, Hudson, Burlington,Somerset, Monmouth, Trenton City)

“All I’m saying is now is the timeto develop the technology to deflect the asteroid”

5 Stepsfor developing aHazard Mitigation Plan• Establish planning process• Assess risks• Develop mitigation strategy• Maintain plan• Adopt plan

Step 1:Establish Planning Process• Set up planning team• Coordinate with resource agencies andstakeholders• Review and incorporate existing materials• Provide opportunities for public involvement

Step 2:Assess RisksHazardCommunityAssets• Identify hazards• Assess risk of hazards• Inventory community assets• Determine vulnerability of assets to thehazardsVulnerability

Step 3:Develop Mitigation Strategy• Define goals and objectives• Identify and analyze a comprehensive rangeof possible mitigation measures• Develop an action plan for implementingmitigation measures

Step 4:Maintain Plan• Describe method and schedule formonitoring/evaluating/updating plan• Incorporate mitigation plan into existingplanning mechanisms (such as capitalimprovement plans)• Provide for continued public involvement

Step 5:Adopt Plan• Plan must be formally adopted by thegoverning body of each jurisdiction• Plan should be adopted after the rest ofthe Plan meets requirements

With plan approval, community is eligible for FEMA project funding

GUIDANCE and AIDSfor developingHazard Mitigation Plans

FEMA GuidanceContains:• Regulations44 CFR 201.6• Explanation• Sample• Review comments• Revised sampleAvailable at: www.fema.gov/fima/guidance.shtm, , Part 3, Local plans

State and Local Mitigation PlanningHow-To GuidesFEMA 386#1 #2 #3 #4Available at www.fema.gov/plan/mitplanning/guidance.shtmand FEMA publications 1-8001800-480-2520

Flood Insurance Studies• NFIP Map Modernization reports, maps• Excellent source of flood risk info

Hazard Mitigation Plan Toolkit“One-Stop Shopping”• Consists of a Master Table withcomputer hyperlinks• Provides instant access to keyaids, samples, and websites• Organized to show how to meet5 local plan requirement steps• CD available. To be posted on web

Contact me for additionalinformation• Sergeant First Class Paul Miller, StateHazard Mitigation Officer• Phone: 609-963963-69636963 609-963963-69936993• Email: LPP4476@GW.NJSP.ORG• LPPLEARK@GW.NJSP.ORG• Address: NJSP Office of Emergency,Preparedness/Mitigation UnitManagement, Box 7068, River Road,West Trenton, NJ 08628

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