12.07.2015 Views

Secondary Pentobarbital Poisoning of Wildlife - Veterinary Clinical ...

Secondary Pentobarbital Poisoning of Wildlife - Veterinary Clinical ...

Secondary Pentobarbital Poisoning of Wildlife - Veterinary Clinical ...

SHOW MORE
SHOW LESS
  • No tags were found...

Create successful ePaper yourself

Turn your PDF publications into a flip-book with our unique Google optimized e-Paper software.

veterinarian and the client.Small animal practices and humane shelters that lack on-site cremation facilitiesand therefore contract out to third parties for carcass removal should be sure toemploy a reputable, licensed disposal company.3. Alternate Euthanasia Methods for Free-ranging <strong>Wildlife</strong>Euthanasia methods such as gunshot or penetrating captive bolt have been usedon free-ranging wildlife by specially trained personnel in cases where burial orother methods <strong>of</strong> disposal were unavailable. While pentobarbital injection isgenerally the preferred method <strong>of</strong> humane euthanasia, there are some instancesinvolving field euthanasia <strong>of</strong> wildlife by lawenforcement or other wildlife pr<strong>of</strong>essionals in whichthe carcass must be left exposed in the field (e.g. whenfrozen ground prevents burial). According to theAVMA Panel on Euthanasia 1 , in these situations “...agunshot to the head, penetrating captive bolt, orinjectable agents that are non-toxic (potassiumchloride in combination with a non-toxic generalBald eagle perched on carcass bagsat dump. Photo courtesy <strong>of</strong> Dr.Dick Stroud, USFWS (photographerunknown).anesthetic) should be used so that the potential forscavenger or predator toxicity is lessened.” While adiscussion <strong>of</strong> these alternate methods is beyond thescope <strong>of</strong> this fact sheet, it must be emphasized thatthey are last resort procedures restricted to use bytrained, authorized personnel, where no other options are available.1 2000 Report <strong>of</strong> the AVMA Panel on Euthanasia. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2001; 218: 669-696.Who Can be Contacted for Further Information on <strong>Secondary</strong> <strong>Pentobarbital</strong><strong>Poisoning</strong>?1. For information on medical treatment <strong>of</strong> poisoning victims, the National AnimalPoison Control Center <strong>of</strong> the ASPCA runs a fee-based service for emergencies and othercases: 1-888-426-4435 (1-888-4ANIHELP).2. To determine whether a case falls under USFWS jurisdiction, for information on lawenforcement and liability issues, or if you have found a dead animal, contact yourregional US Fish and <strong>Wildlife</strong> Service Law Enforcement Office and visit the USFWS website at www.fws.gov. Regional Law Enforcement Office information is listed below.7

Hooray! Your file is uploaded and ready to be published.

Saved successfully!

Ooh no, something went wrong!