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Oscar SheyninHistory of StatisticsB

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12. Chebyshev12.1. His contribution

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pay due attention to style. In 1991

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1. PrehistoryI trace the prehistory

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contain an embryo of a random varia

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1.5. AstronomyAncient astronomers d

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(1609/1992, p. 200/63), when treati

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2. The Early HistoryIn the 17 th ce

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our peasants have since long ago be

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of view states and separate cities

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In 1680 - 1683 Leibniz wrote severa

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the ratio of the chances that they

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without knowing the appropriate var

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3. Jakob Bernoulli and the Law of L

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3.2.2. Statistical Probability and

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It is noteworthy that Kepler (1596)

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4) The Petersburg game. In a letter

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He left aside the elementary case o

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ut only in the second supplement he

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determined the appropriate theoreti

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conclusion was three times more pro

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which was of course evident. More i

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Negligible, as he thought, was the

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Knies (1850, p. 24) quoted unnamed

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A physician is a blind man armed wi

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lead to systems of linear equations

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appeal[ed] to all mankind, whether

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with unavoidable use of successive

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facts, and only to attribute to the

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- Page 78 and 79: In 1899, Poincaré (Sheynin 1991a,
- Page 80 and 81: 9. Gauss, Helmert, BesselGauss intr
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- Page 102 and 103: Lamarck (1800 - 1811) was one of th
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- Page 110 and 111: In a manuscript of the same year (1
- Page 114 and 115: 11. Bertrand and PoincaréBertrand
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- Page 128 and 129: 13. Markov, Liapunov, NekrasovI con
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- Page 136 and 137: 14. The Birth of Mathematical Stati
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- Page 142 and 143: Supplement: AxiomatizationI present
- Page 144 and 145: BibliographyThe Supplement has its
- Page 146 and 147: --- (1838a), Untersuchung über die
- Page 148 and 149: --- (1850), Die periodischen […]
- Page 150 and 151: David, F. N., Neyman, J. (1938), Ex
- Page 152 and 153: --- (1937), Professor K. Pearson an
- Page 154 and 155: Henny, J. (1975), Niklaus und Johan
- Page 156 and 157: Kolmogorov, A. N., Prokhorov, Yu. V
- Page 158 and 159: --- (1958, in Russian), Method of L
- Page 160 and 161: Mises, R. von (1919), Fundamentals
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--- (1900), On a criterion that a g

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Raju, C. K. (2010), Probability in

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--- (1997c, in Russian), Markov and

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White A. D. (1896), History of the

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Brendel, M. 9.1.5Brownlee, J. 10.8.

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Gram, J. P. 10.2-5Graunt, J. 2.1.4,

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Mill, J. S. 3.1.2, 8.3, 11.3Mises,

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Wilks, S. S. 7.1-2William III 2.1.3