Hunters

gransassolagapark.it
  • No tags were found...

Hunters

Engagement in Abruzzo,Lazio and Molise NationalPark: a starting pointprocessGlikman*, Bath*, Ciucci^, Boitani^*Memorial University of Newfoundland,^ La Sapienza University


Collaboration between biological(La Sapienza-PNALM) & HumanDimension (Memorial University)


Scope of the ProjectEnhance tolerance of Bears and Wolves– Biological aspects– Human Dimension aspects


Research questionUnderstanding attitudes toward bears andwolves and the role attitudes play inconservation issues.


N=42 QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWSWhat are thekey issues inyourcommunity?HUNTERSHEPHERDPARK RANGERTRUFFLER


•Carnivores-preycompetition•Limits from thepark•Poison baits•Carnivores-preycompetition•Limits from the park•Abandon of theagriculture•No benefits•Livestock damages•No moneyHunters ShepherdsParkRangersx x xxTrufflers•Communication•Residents do not trustus•Limits from the park•Illegal killing•Poison baits•Carnivores-preycompetition•Limits from thepark•Poison baitsx x x xxxx


Dendogram using Average LinkageCASELabel NumBiologist 1Park 2Guardian 3Hunter 4Gen. Pub. 9Shepherd 6Hotel 7Agricult.5Truffles 8Rescaled Distance Cluster Combine0 5 10 15 20 25-|-------------- |----------------|---------------|---------------|----------------|-


Study AreaFucinoMarsicaThe study area wasdivided into fourparts:• Geo-politicalboundaries• Towns in Park• The study covers 28communes of thePark and bufferzone.LazioMolise


Questionnaire• Questions on wolves andon bears about– Feelings– Biology– Management direct ofthe species: huntingdamages-• Questions on managementfor both species:compensation systemreimbursement


Sample size2007 – Face-to-face quantitativeinterviews to residents in 4 zones: 16112009 – Self-administer questionnaires tointerest groups: 197


Feelings toward wolves and brown bearsby the four zonesN=1611Abruzzo FucinoLaziobear strongly likebear likebear strongly dislike+ dislikew olf strongly likew olf likew olf strongly dislike+ dislikeMoliseN=1611Abruzzo Marsica%0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90


Differences between wolves and brownbears by the four zonesQuestionsPaired t-test values per zoneN=1611Marsica Lazio Molise FucinoWolves q1aBears q1dWolves q2aBears q2dWolves q3aBears q3dALL p


Feelings toward wolves and brown bearsby interest groupsN=197huntersshepherdsbear strongly likebear likebear strongly dislike & dislikewolf strongly likewolf likewolf strongly dislike & dislikehotelCFSGP0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90


Differences between interest groupsF-value p- value ETAFeeling wolf 23.318 < 0.001 .578NMEANShepherds 59 2.97Hunters 32 3.63 3.63Hotel owners 40 4.28 4.28CFS 23 4.35GP 37 4.54ScheffeN = 191


Differences between interest groupsF-value p- value ETAFeeling bear 20.267 < 0.001 .546NMEANShepherds 60 3.70Hunters 31 3.81Hotel owners 43 4.70CFS 24 4.75GP 38 4.79ScheffeN = 196


Compensation?• Should there be compensation?• Should there be any conditions to receivecompensation?• How should it be implemented?– Time, money, animals, insurance


Action Support0 5 10 15 20 252StronglyFavorPCI – 5 point scale10-1-2UnsureStronglyOpposeshepherds, 0.34hotel, 0.14GP, 0.31Time ofreimbursementis too longhunters, 0.28GP, 0.36CFS, 0.32 CFS, 0.31hotel, 0.15shepherds, 0.32hunters, 0.06Right amount ofmoney forreimbursementhunters, 0.53CFS, 0.33hotel, 0.27shepherds, 0.37GP, 0.35Contribute moneyfor reimbursement


Compensation systemF - value p - value ETATIME TOO LONG 19.398 < 0.001 0.226RIGHT MONEY 16.511 < 0.001 0.210GIVE MONEY 1.719 NS 0.069


Compensation systemF - value p - value ETATIME TOO LONG 19.398 < 0.001 0.226RIGHT MONEY 16.511 < 0.001 0.210GIVE MONEY 1.719 NS 0.069N MEANPark Ranger 38 2.39CFS 24 3.50Hotel owner 43 3.65Shepherds 59 3.95Hunters 31 4.23ScheffeN = 195


Compensation systemF - value p - value ETATIME TOO LONG 19.398 < 0.001 0.226RIGHT MONEY 16.511 < 0.001 0.210GIVE MONEY 1.719 NS 0.069ScheffeN = 192NMEANHunters 28 2.00Shepherds 59 2.03Hotel owners 43 2.65CFS 24 2.83Park Rangers 38 3.71


Sum up• Rural residents & Interest groups positiveattitudes• Conservation importance• Differences between LCs & zones• Conservation priority• Differences between groups in compensationissues• Important for decision making process


• EDUCATION & OUTREACH– Neutral responses– Bears and wolves– Zones• SHARE RESULTS– Public meetingsNext Steps


• WORKSHOPS– Park rangers different– Foresters most similar tohotel owners– Shepherds most similar tohuntersNext step


THANK YOUFor further information: jaopy@hotmail.com

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines