GUNS Magazine August 1955

GUNS Magazine August 1955

Here is the Perfect, Combination Knife-Tool for every Outdoor Sport!(1) a regular knife, (2) a fork, (3) a spoon, (4) a draw-knife, (51 a bone-saland fish-scaler, (6) scissors, (7) a can and bottle opener, (8) a cork-scremNOW - Bock in Stock 1 A top quality Rifle Scope - built to rigidGovernment specifications. . . plus our own specially designedscope mount. The Rifle Scopecontains fine precision Achromaticlenses - fully corrected for color and spherical abberation. Hasfull 3 POWER magnification. Dot reticle. Overall length 9 inches.The amazing Palley Scope Mount was developed for use with thealloy steel. Price for Scope and Mount together. . .SCOPE ALONE (without mount) . . . . . . . .hunter, hiker, fishermen, camper, picnics, etc. GUArdy, lifetime engineered ALL METALconstruction. Triple, revolving objectiveens turret allows selection of 100X-200XAdjustablesub-stageOriqinolly used as a gun sighting scope on tanks.Objective head lens revolves through 360a andtilts through an angle of opprox. 30 deg. TubeIdeal for use wherever it is necessary toprotect the body from woter, mud, silt,etc. Covers the entire badv from theneck down. Made to top Governmentspecifications. Originally designed asan Overboard Suit for landing operations.Mode of heavy duty rubberized canvaswith vulcanized seams. Has rubber boots and gloves. Sizes:Mod., Large. $35.00ValueMade to top Government specifications.Finest quolity, heavy duty rubber with aworm felt inner liner. Comes up to your ^

How I foxed 1the NavyArthur Godfrey* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * bThe Navy almost scuttled me. I shudder tothink of it. My crazy career could have endedright then and there.To be scuttled by the Navy you've eithergot to do something wrong or neglect to dosomething right. They've got you both ways.For my part, I neglected to finish high school.Ordinarily, a man can get along without ahigh school diploma. Plenty of men have. Butnot in the Navy. At least not in the U. S. NavyMateriel School at Bellevue, D. C., back in1929. -In those days a bluejacket had to havea mind like Einstein's. And I didn't."Godfrey," said the lieutenant a few daysafter I'd checked in, "either you learn mathematicsand learn it fast or out you go. I'll giveyou six weeks." This, I figured, was it. For aguy who had to take off his shoes to countabove ten, it was an impossible assignment.I was ready to turn in my bell-bottoms. Butan ad in a magazine stopped me. Here, it said,is your chance to get special training in almostany subject-mathematics included. I hoppedon it. Within a week I was enrolled with theInternational Correspondence Schools studyingalgebra, geometry and trig for all I was worth.Came week-end liberty, I studied. Came aholiday, I studied. Came the end of the sixweeks, I was top man in the class. Withinsix weeks I had mastered two years of highschool math, thanks to the training I'd gotten.I. C. S. made the impossible -easy!GETFree, illustrated catalog on career that interests you. Also 36-page guideGUIDANCE 3 FREE BOOKS to advancement, ll~ow to Succeed." AIW sample lesson (Mathematics).For Real Job Security -Get an I. C. S. Diploma! . . . Easy-pay Plan. . . I. C. S., Scranton 9, Penna.BOX 82169H. SCRANTON 9, PENNA.(Partial list of 277 courses)Without cost or obligation, send me "HOW to SUCCEED" and the opportunity booklet about the field BEFORE which I have marked X (plus sample lesson):ARCHITECTUREAVIATIONCIVIL, STRUCTURAL LEADERSHIP 0 Television Technicianand BUILDING 0 Aeronautical ~hgineering Jr. ENGINEERING 0 ForemanshipRAILROADCONSTRUCTION Aircraft & Engine Mechanic 0 Civil Engineering 0 Industrial Supervision 0 Air Brakes 0 Car Inspectorfl Air Conditinnine-Refrie.BUSINESS 0 Construction Engineering 0 Leadership and Organization 0 Diesel LocomotiveArchitecture " 0 Advertising0 Highway Engineering 0 - Personnel-Labor Relations 0 Locomotive Engineer0 Architectural Interior 0 Bookkeeping and Accounting 0 Reading Struct. Blueprints MECHANICAL 0 Section Foreman0 Building Contractor 0 Business Administration 0 Sanitary EngineeringAND SHOPSTEAM AND0 Building Maintenance 0 Business Correspondence 0 Structural Engineering 0 Gas-Electric WeldingDIESEL POWER0 Carpenter and Mill Work 0 Public Accounting 0 Surveying and Mapping 0 Heat Treatment 0 Metallurev -.' 0 Combustion Engineering0 Estimating Creative SalesmanshipDRAFTING n Industrial Eneineerine 0 Diesel-Elec. 0 Diesel Eng's0 Heating 0 Federal Tax 0 Aircraft Drafting li Industrial instrumentation 0 Electric Light and Power0 Painting Contractor 0 Letter-writing Improvement 0 Architectural Drafting 0 Industrial Supervision 0 Stationary Fireman0 Plumbing Office Management 0 Electrical Drafting Sl Internal Combustion Encines 0 Stationary Steam Engineering0 Reading Arch. Blueprints 0 Professional Secretary 0 Mechanical Drafting li Machine ~esign- rafting TEXTILEn -7-"0 Retail Business Management 0 Mine Surveying and Mapping 0 Machine Shop Inspection 0 Carding and Spinning#0 Sales Management 0 Plumbing Drawing and 0 Machine Shoo Practice0 Cartooning0 Cotton, Rayon, Woolen Mfg.0 Stenographic-Secretarial EstimatingMechanical Engineering00 Finishing and DyeingCommercial Art 0 Traffic Management 0 Structural DraftingQuality Control00 Loom Fixi'g 0 Textile Des'ingFashion IllustratingELECTRICALReading Shop Blueprints0 Magazine Illustrating CHEMISTRY0 Textile Eng'r'g 0 Throwing0 Electrical EngineeringRefrigeration 0 Warping and Weaving0 Electrical MaintenanceSheet Metal WorkerMISCELLANEOUS0 Chem. Lab. Technician 0 Electrician 0 Contracting Tool Design 0 Toolmaking 0 Domestic RefrigerationAUTOMOTIVE n General Chemistry 0 LinemanRADIO, TELEVISION 0 Marine Engineering0 Auto Body Rebuilding Natural Gas Prod'& Trans. HIGH SCHOOLIndustrial Electronics 0 Ocean Navigation0 Auto Elec. Technician 0 Petroleum Engineering 0 Commercial 0 Good English Practical Radio TV Eng'r'ng 0 Professional EngineeringD Auto-Engine Tune Up 0 Plastics0 High School SubjectsRadio and TV Servicing 0 Short Story Writing0 Automobile 0 Pulp and Paper Making 0 Mathematics 0 Radio Operating " 0 TelephonyName Age-Home AddressCity Zone-State Working Hours A.M. to P.M.Canadian residents send coupon to International Correspondence Schools, Canadian, Ltd.,OccupationMontreal, Canada. . . . Special tuition rates to members of the U. S. Armed Forces.

checkyour .rifle 4DO YOU NEED?V A new varmint gunV A new barrel\/ A blueing jobV A new stockV New sights4 Other gunsmith Services'GUNS AND SERVICES FORTHE DISCRIMINATING"SEND FOR PRICE LIST A. G.Custom Gun Dept.JOHNSON AUTOMATICSASSOCIATESINCORPORATEDSTORAGE BAGSTOPS GUN RUST!SAFE!SURE! FAST!Stoi, diddling with grease and goo1Get the fastest, easiest, Surest Protectionfrom gun rust you've known,with VPI Vaporizer (Sun Bag. Liningcoated with famous VPI. usedby Armed Forces and leading gunmakers. Dry, clear VPI vapors Furroundall surfaces of gun and mechanisms,and positively prevent rust.Use bag lur seasonal storage, oroverniuiit afield.WELL WORTH IT!Not a sleazy sack, hut sturdy.heavy-duty and tailored to rescniblea good-looking caseuorliiy of your lirized guns.Attractive plastic bind. 1'atchc-s?or inscribiuu name, address andIn- gun inside. A "must" foriiiin~id climate% damp storageplacer;, club lockers. Lasts atleast 4 years (less than a dollara year). A real value insuperior design. sure protectionand your long-run savings.nionry-back fuarantrp. 30-(laytri:il. I'o-stp.'iid. Send clirck,310 . today. Sorry, no stiiinps,COD'S. please.scooes.for huntinnseason. sendHANDGUN $275SIZE--For handguns with barrels "PI Is a regin.Up to 9".tered trade markFREDERICK & LAURENCEDept. H, P. 0. Box 117, Detroit 31, Michigar IDavy Crockett GunIn reference to the story in your Mayissue, "The Legend of Davy Crockett," byAlfred Duckett, I would like to say I enjoyedreading once more the tall tales toldby and of the famous woodsman.One thing, however, I would like to clearup for you-the matter of "Betsey,"Crockett's rifle. First, Betsey and the presentationrifle were NOT the same gun!Betsey was most likely a typical Pennsylvania(Kentucky) rifle, such as generallyused on the frontier at that time. And shemet her end at the Alamo along with herillustrious master.But the presentation rifle is still around!In his book, "The Muzzle Loading RifleThen and Now." (Standard Publications,Huntington, W. Va. 19421, the late WalterM. Cline states, "The rifle presented, by theyoung Whigs of Philadelphia to the Hon.David Crockett, when he made a tour of theNorthern states after his election to Con-- 1 gress in 1834 . . . is now the property ofMiss Beth Crockett of Little Rock, Arkansas.who is the great-great-granddaughter of theillustrious Davv. The rifle itself is in theI !state Capitol Museum at Little Rock."There is inlaid on the barrel in goldletters, 'Presented by the Young Men ofI Philadelphia to the Hon. David Crockett ofTennessee,' and the words 'Go Ahead.'This rifle bears the name of its maker on asilver plate near the breech. Constable; hisshop was at 2nd and Walnut Streets inPhiladelphia."Dan A. AugensteinParkersburg, West Virginia,Paris GunReading Harvey Brandt's interesting articleon the Paris gun was a vivid reminderto me. Some 37 years ago I was in Parisen route, for the Aisne-Marne battles, tojoin my battery of Royal Field Artillery(later to become attached to and for coveringthe 27th and 20th New York divisionsin the Somme).Apart from the loss of life, it is true thatthe shells did not cause material damagewhich warranted an expenditure of some$5,000 a round. But speaking as one whowas at the receiving end of this weapon,there is no doubt the effect on the moraleof the citizens of Paris was, at first, verygreat. When it was established what wasthe cause of the explosions, tkeir tensioneased up. I did hear that sweepstakes werearranged-the winner being the one whoforecast in which arrondissement, or district.the next shell would fall!IGUNS is published monthly by Publisher'8 Development Con I., Ind. at 542 North Dearbornparkway, Chicago 10, Illinois. Applications far aKond class mailing privllegei pending atChine. Illlneis. Subaorlgtions $5 yearly In the USA.rYour article mentions a fixed elevation of54 degrees, but I was under the impressionthat this was fixed at 50 degrees. On a reexaminationof a copy of the official rangetables, I find this is so: the 50 degrees beingestablished as a result of laborious calculationscarried out by Prof. von Eberhardtand Dr. Rausenberger, who were the expertsresponsible for the ballistics of this famousgun.I am of the opinion that the design, development,and the actual result obtainedfrom this orthodox cannon is probably thefinest piece of engineering science everachieved in the history of artillery.William C. Dowel1North Wembley, Middlesex,EnglandWild Bill and CusterTo your "letters to the editor" department:For: nicely put-up magazine-nice paper-correct size-good variety of articles-excellentphotography.Against: articles like about "Wild Bill"which need explanation as to "this is justone version of the tale," or "this is the story(true or false) that Wild Bill Hickok isknown for". . . .I belong to those that say Wild Bill neverbeat anyone to the draw that was sober, andthat he was a below-average shot.Next, the picture of Custer. Here inMontana, in school, I was taught that Custerblundered and was up for a court martialupon his return. Custer is not to be considereda hero.Jack MattingbyDillon, MontanaHunting In The HeatI've been reading GUNS since it first appearedon the newsstand and being a "gunnut,"I consider it just about tops. So manyof the articles cover just those subjects inthe gun field on which information is ratherdifficult to unearth.William Curtis's "Hunting in the Heat"was somewhat welcome to read, since Tv. atpresent living in California and I've gottena little tired of reading articles on deerhunting in the cold and the snow. This isone of the few stories I've read of the huntingin this part of the country. However, Isincerely hope this isn't setting a precedentfor this type of article, which is the stockin-tradeof any number of outdoor magazines.In this type of article, the subject of gunsis secondary to the "story" of the huntingtrip, which, while quite interesting in itself,has no place in a semi-technical magazinesuch as GUNS.Robert W. ParkynBurhank, Calif.

Prevents Gunsfrom RustingFits any GunCabinet, Closetor RackKeeps them dry!Perfect forDealer ShowcasesElectricasVon Lengerke & Antoine Gun Display Case9 North Wabash Avenue, ChicagoIEliminates Dampness PermanentlyCOLLECTORS.. . DEALERS.. . SHOOTERS.. . NOWCan take care of Guns the Modern Way -with Electricity!What DAMPP-CHASER Is:Slim metal tube enclosing sealedelectric element.Complete with cord set, easy instructions;no extras to buy.Permanent. Never needs attention,refills or baking out.Easy to install-place on floor of cabinetor closet or fasten to gun rack. Inexpensive to use, only a penny aday to operate. Guaranteed by factory for 5 years.What DAMPP-CHASER Does: Eliminates costly dampness. Provensuccess-over 200,000 now in usein cabinets, closets, pianos andorgans everywhere.Radiates continuous gentle heatsafely and automatically circulateswarm, dry air thru entire contentsevery few minutes.Choice of 3 SizesModel Tube For Cabinet RetailNo. Length Shelf or Rack Price1G lft. 14"to25"wide 8 $5.955RG 2 ft. 26" to 47" wide 15 $6.957G 3 ft. 48" to 72" wide 25 $7.95ALL MODELS 11 7V AC/DCALSO AVAILABLE FOR OTHER VOLTAGESOTHER IMPORTANT USESDAMPP-CHASER also protects holsters,leather cases,wood gun stocks, fishingIf space for gun storage is larger than 31x6'GUN COLLECTORS tackle, golf clubs, stamp collections,use more than one DAMPP-CHASER*Now you can put those glass doors on book~,

MY FAVORITE GUNBy GARY COOPER, noted Hollywood movie star featured in the newpicture, "Vera Cruz."AUTHENTIC COONSKIN CAP$495 ppd.Yep, a real Coonskin Capmade the way the oldtimers made 'em. Fine quality,genuine 100°/ racoonfur on top and all-around,with bushy 9" ringed 'coontail. Hat is fully lined withsweatband. It's right foryou shooters, muzzle-loaders- a practical hat forthose nippy days, too. Perfectas accessory for Kentuckyand American FlintlockArms Collectors. SatisfactionGuaranteed or yourmoney refunded promptly.Order Now-send Hat Size,address and check or moneyorder (sorry, no c.0.D.'~).Tor KIDS; Davy Crocked model at $3.95 ppd. Sameauthentic construction as adult cap plus detachabletail for bikes, etc. Send child's age or hat size.DAVY CRAFTSMENDept. DS., 735 Lexington Ave., New York 22, N.Y.1 BUSCADERO BELT OUTFITS 1I have a collection of some twenty shotguns and rifles in my den workshop.My favorite guns for hunting are a 12-gauge shotgun, a Merkle-16over and under and a Browning 12-gauge over and under. My favoriteform of hunting is bird shooting.I'm not a perfect marksman by any means, but I certainly do have funtrying. My wife Rocky and I look forward to our expeditions in theImperial Valley and north towards Bishop, hunting quail, duck and dove;we enjoy the outdoors, and somehow we usually manage to bag our limit.FOR YOUR HANDGUNS0 BETTER ACCURACYMORE KILLING POWERNO BARREL LEADING withHARVEY PROT-X-BORE BULLETSPROT-X-BORE BULLETS combine a purelead bullet with a zinc base. Lead providesgreater killing power. The zinc base keepsthe barrel perfectly clean and prevents rustand corrosion. Heavier loads are possible andprovide longer effective range than gas checkbullets, with negligible barrel wear. Bothswaged bullets and bullet casting equipmentare available.New accurate 106 Gr. .357 H.P. Varmintbullet at unheard of ISOOfs., velocity energy760 Ibs. Hand Gun Bullet Swaging diesfor Pacific, Ideal Ezy-Loader, R.C.B.S andHollywood tools. For PROT-X-BORE bulletsonly. New Jugular Xpres jacketed ,357 and38 Special Bullet Jackets and lead wire furnishedfor swaging. Slug moulds also availablefor casting swaging cores.Write for FREE folder and price list NOW?By WALTER SLEZAK, currently featured in a starring role in the hitBroadway musical, "Fanny."My favorite gun is the Mannlicher-Schoenaur 30-06, with a 4-powerZeiss scope, hair trigger and cheek recoil pad. In my opinion it is one ofthe best big game weapons made and, for my purposes, just about perfect.Since I prefer still shooting to moving around in search of game, aportable shooting stick and a pair of good binoculars are standard equipmentfor me. It's more comfortable, safer, and you don't scare your targetaway.Incidentally, I never hunt in country with which I am not thoroughlyacquainted.Next month: Duncan Renaldo, the Cisco Kid, tells what his favorite gun is.

.p!edisod I$ 'paxp laplo 10 's~a1eap.ssa~dmoX iv -Su!peops ipqsioqs uo uopas pa8q aip 30 IUOJJ am IB uoysod ayoa~d-ua 'M~N TIO!IBUIJOJU! S~peopi 30 sa8ed 091 u! iunom sa!a 'Xosinoos puv paadsY00a ONVH 1V3OI M3N 103 alqeieaqun s! pire '11s~ se saSpg-aqiam v ISBI 01 pausis -no oi]TCiaui speopi ssarj ja1q!ssod-ap are ~ OOI uo!s!oaid 'Xppyb pue ~~eo!urou aiojaq ia~a ueq iaisq sipqsioqs-033 snaqsioqs peo1a.x 01 papaau Su!q^re~g13s ONiOVOl3ll iia~sioHs8u!peo1ai savm sa!p 30 ias Mau vss~d naavoi-AZIS700f 7Wai HUM ASVJ $1 S773HSIOHS 3NlUVO73fljss3~d ajl GO isnfw o q 334 v do[ aip~ 'wo ui sun8Luvw unS~oqs ~noL ~~ uvs JOPSssa1 pus unS auo ip!~ Supooqs ia!m put? 'porn1paonpa>r -sw~vq MSU tpxus q g flnq-uoispa~dale saqnr dm03 Xpo 'aSusi Luv vs saiaiied[iun ia3 no^ 'un8ioqs paddyba ioiesuadmo3inoX W/A saqnz dm03 apiea8ueipiaiu! alp JO'aqn~ aqoq3 ar~eisn[pv Mau aqi asn no^ iaipaq^SNUallVd 133i213d iO 13213%.aSne8 02 1091 '21 ui aIqepAV 'aieinoxpun 'aiqwnp '@nis psisq inoX SB p!Sp s!aqnr aqoq3 a~qeisn[pv aqi -80 ions aip ~ ~ M O J ~ JUIOJJ UOyBlq!A slua~aid SaAaaIS WHO PUB JaUU!uaahiaq peiuoo snonu!nnr) -iig!sap ~oissuadmo~a* 30 uo!ioapad aip ip!~ aqolp 30 aa~Sap LUV 01SIS!MI I ~ aqni I a~aa~s aiqsisn[pe us 30 aoua!uaAuoaam saurqmoo aqnr aqoq3 a~qeisnfpv MSU aqr

I, Complete with mounts, bases. . $98.50Recoil Spring $3.00 ExtraHIGHER POWER1 EYE-nut 1Interchangeable on all FECKER scopes.Increases magnification approximately35%. Price ............... $9.50 ITo get a gun license in Amballa,India, one has to pay a fee of fivemonkey or jackal tails.0 0 03 It is no longer illegal to go huntingon Sunday in Iowa. The State Senatehas voted to repeal the law which forebadenot only any shooting but eventhe carrying of firearms.0 0 0Vern Grimsley, of Garden City,Kans., won the Missouri-Kansas trapshoot.He broke 97 out of 100 targets,defeating 172 veteran shooters, includinghis instructor. Oh, yes, one morething: Vern is only 13.0 0 013 Paul Nisbett of Clovis, N. Mex., wasasked by the judge why he was a daylate for a trial in which he was a witness.He explained he had gone on ahunting trip. After the judge gavehim a 10-day sentence, Nisbett hadonly one request to make: could heplease bring his outdoor sleeping baginto his cell to sleep in?0 0 013 After dropping a deer squarely,Ronnie Abe, of Walsenburg, Colo..walked up to the animal. The "dead"deer sprang up, gave him a hefty kickon the left foot and ran 40 yards beforebiting the dust again, this timefor good.0 0 013 Sheriff Roy Taylor of Mount Vernon,Ill., is gunning for some duckhunters who shot his four sitting ducks.The sheriff kept the four clipped-wingmallards on a pond near his home.Shotgun blasts killed all of them.0 0 013 At Omaha, a proud hunter vassomewhat taken aback when he openedthe luggage compartment of his car toshow friends the gaudy pheasant hehad bagged. The bird-apparently onlystunned by the shot and revived onthe trip home-hopped out of the compartmentand went winging down analley.0 0 00 A prize cow, Marie I, which heldthe French milk production recordwas killed in Rouen by a near-sightedhunter, who mistook the bovine for apartridge. The owner sued for $17,000.

3cundsft on 3aWifuL SIMJUfL!GUNS GUN PARTS SCOPES AMMUNITIONGUN STOCKS AND BLANKSGUNSMITHING SERVICE¥*O the HillqqMILLVALE, PA.6 miles North of PittsburghRt. 19-Near Super Highwaylllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll1ACE SPORTER & AJACK 7 % ~SEE YOUR DEALER OR ORDER DIRECT$96.00 - and Leupold Top Mount or Jaeger Side Mount, installed, $30.00. Special orders invited.J&IZ&. STOCKS & BLANKSFINEST PENNA. BLACK WALNUT BLANKS 6 STOCKS:Rifle blanks, all grades, $4.00 to $20.00. Walnut shotgunblanks, $1.00 to $15.00. Walnut inletted stockfor most rifles; standard $5.00; xx grode (butt) $7.00;others $10.00 to $12.00. Also Penna. burls and rareburls available NOW: xxx grode $17.50-$20.00,xxxx $25.00; super Burls up to $35.00.STOCK SPECIALSTOCKS, anycombinationCOMMERCIALNon-CorrosiveAMMO SPECIALSBARRELS AND ACTIONSFRANZ SODIA Boehler proof steel barrels. 24" gradualtaper. About 2% Ibs.; highly accurate 1-10 twist,caliber .25 270, 7mm or .30 $30.00. (Fitted to youraction, headspaced and test fired, $10.00 morel.HVA ACTIONS ON ACKLEY CHROME MOLY BAR-RELS 24" sporter (or less), head spaced, test fired,whiteÑi most calibers. $85.00.IMPORTED F.N. BARRELLED-ACTIONS, .300 HGH,blued, $89.95.SAKO ACTION on 26" 4%# med. heavy ACKLEYchrome moly barrel, white, $84.00.SAKO ACTION or imported medium heavy barrel,blued, no sights, Ready for stocking. 222 Rem.caliber $90.00.BOEHLER BARRELS, proof steel, semi-octagon, ribbedmatted entire length. Made by FRANZ SODIA ofFerlach, Austria in 25. ,270, 7mm. .30 and 8mm.Wt. 3 Ibs. Highly accurate-in the white, $45.00.F. N. ACTIONS IMPORTED-LITE WGT. vanadiumsteel barrels, blued with ramp (220 Swift, ,257-R,250-3000. .270, 7mm or .30-06), $74.00 PREPAID.F. N. ACTIONS, Boehler 24" proof steel barrels, semioctagonribbed, matted. Sheared bead in ramp. Caliber270, .308 Win. or 7mm. 30.06, 22-250-220 Swift 26",$95.00.F. N. MAGNUM ACTION on .300 HGH Boehler oct.ribbed 26" barrel, $110.00.NEW 4 GR. ORDNANCE BARRELS, ALSOSUITABLE FOR KRAG OR MAUSER AC-TIONS, 24" SPORTER LENGTH. . $10.00(Threaded and chambered to Mauser 98action, .300-Savage, .308 Win., .30-06 oron Krag .30-40Ñbarre shortened to22-23"-headspaced and test fired ... .$20.0045 Auto Commercial (Rem.) Ammo - 30-06 (Rem. or Win.) - M.C. 150 gr. -230 gr. M.C. ......................... .$6.50 per 100 1939-42 ............................. $6.00 per 10022 Hornet (Peters or Remingtonl - 45 gr. 5.P. 6.50 Per 100 30-06 M.C. 150 gr. Non Corrosive (1947-53) . . 7.50 per 10038 Special (Remington) - 158 gr. S.J. ...... 6.00 per 1008MM Mauser (Imported, Germany) - 175 gr.H.s. zipper s.p. ............. 9.00 perB.T. M.C. 1939-42 ..................... 6.50 per 100 25-20 86 gr. - 32-20 100 gr. S.P. ........... 6.00 per 100Lots of 500 or more~10% less. Case of 1500 30-06 M.C., $70.00, FOB MILLVALE- -..357 MAGNUM SGW Revolvers:(Barrel length 8%", 6y2", 5" or 3'/2">. .... .$109.30SGW .44 SPECIAL TARGET MODEL, 6V," .... $84.20rn NORMA BULLETSrn AMMUNITION rn UNPRIMED CASESAVAILABLE FOR IMMEDIATE DELIVERYSPRINGFIELD SPECIALLimited quantity of New late date, high-number, N.S.Sprinofleld Actions, complete ......................... $36.00New Type C stock with metal butt-plate ................. 9.00Other New Springfield '03 Ports:M- 1903 bolts, late style, atripped $5.00: complete ...... .$10.00"M-1903 trigger guards, (milled), stripped ............... 3.00New M-222 caliber Ports:M-2 bolts, complete $7.50: M-2 clip magazines ........... $2.00M-2 trigger guards, (milled) $3.50: floor plates .......... 1.50- .- p~- =JOBBING: Sako barreled-actions, rifles [sporter andManniicher type), and Sako 222 actions. Lyman;Weaver; Unerll; Leupold; Pacific; BM; Redding;Redfield;Pachmoyr; Williams; Marble; Echo; Buehler; EJaeger; Sierra; Hornady; Boyt; Tri-Pak; King; C&H;Wilson- RCBS; G&H; Mershon; ACE Products- Husq- Evarno actions; new style HVA Guns 270 '.30-06,.308 Stith Scopes Happens Argus ~c~inzie,~orsier, Un-Speed, hhwoad and FER~ACH GUNS. =Norma and Thalson.-Please Mention GUNS MagazineMONEY-SAVING SPECIALSFOR THE SHOTGUNNERFronz Sodia Over-Under Guns:The ideal "Turkey Gun" beautiful and lightweight.Immediately availablein 16-gauge & 22 Hornet or 16-ga.-.222, $330.00. With deluxe stock $360.00 (Othercalibers available soon: Both 16 and 12-gauge incombination with 257-R. ,270, 7mm or .30-06.Turned Shotgun Blanks:Turned shotgun blanks, with cheek Piece. full P.G.,large enough to make any type shotgun stock: 99 -Savaoe. 71 Win. 760 Rem. etc. Standard with fun.burst P.G. cap~$2.00. XX Grade-$3.00New Winchester M 25 Shotguns:12 gauge 28" Modifled or full choke. In originalfactory cartonÑonl a few left. Regular price $80.00-Special $65.CO.18 pieces~ALL NEW-Prepaid:Bolt with collar* bolt sleeve' magazine box* magazinespring: trigger guard with catch pin & spring: firingDin & svrinc: safetv: safety block & screw: elector:follower (milled); sear spring and safety spring.OTHER ENFIELD PARTS: Flushed trigger guard.blued with screw. S.S.50. Bolts with extra collars. $1.50ea. $15.00 per doz Magazine boxes followers ortrigger guards stripped, each $1.00, $8.00 per doz.Firing pins, 55% $4 doz. Safes, .75, $6 doz. Safetyblock with screw. 50. $4 doz. Ejectors. .75. $7 doz.Mag sprins or mainsprings, each .30. $2 doz. Ejectorbox screws, .25, $1.80 doz. Sear or Safety springs,15, $1.00 d0Z.ENFIELD EXTRACTORS. NEW ..........$2.00ENFIELD BOLTS. Complete. New ......... $6.50KRAG PARTS: Bolts, tripped $7.00. Firing pins,NEW $1.50. Trigger guards $2.50. Follower springs$1.50. COLT .45 AUTO PARTS: Slides, used. V. a.$5.00. NEW magazines $1.50.* Wire far FREE Lht No. 25

u Val. s I 955No. 8-8Guns aThe best bookof its kind at any price-or your money back!Yours for only2 if you order nowNEW, 6th EDITION (1955-56)Edited by Charles R. JacobsAll New! Up-to-the-minute! Tellsand shows everything you want to knowabout every phase of arms, ammunition,shooting, and equipment. New articlesby tlie best known gun experts.Hundreds of illustrations! Big newpicture section on foreign and Americanrifles, shotguns, handguns, loading tools,scopes, mounts, barrels, sticks, grips.Unique cliart of principal sights for everymodern rifle ever made. All with 1955-56manufacturers' prices and importantforthcoming changes in specifications.Exciting features! Special articles onWeapons at the Museum of West Point;Rare Old Colt Guns; Big Game Huntingillustrated with photos taken onAfrican Safaris; Shooting for the Teen-Ager. Latest information on new scopes,electronics for guns, tips for handshooters.The revised statistics and newlistings that every sportsman needs;SEND NO MONEY NOW. Examinethis book for 10 days'at our risk. If notdelighted, simply return it for full refundof purchase price.'-ORDER NOW WITH THIS HANDY COUPON --Paul, Richmond Division:Crown Publishers, Dept. A76,419 4th Avenue, N. Y. 16Please send me OFFICIAL GUN BOOK f$2.00). Iwill deposit with postman price of book plus fewcents Dostaee. I may return book in 10 days forrefund of purchase price.I Name ..................................................................................... I III Address ................................................................................. I ICity ............................................ Zone ........ State .................I [Ñ SAVE POSTAGE CHARGES. Check box and 1enclose price of book. Same return privilege.L-.-.ÑÑÑÑÑÃIN THIS ISSUE.. .hunting ...MY FAVORITE GUN.. ..................................... .Gary Cooper 6shooting ...WHY COPS GET KILLED.. ............................... Sterling Walker 12WHAT PISTOL FOR POLICE.. ..............................Harvey Brandt 38...police-militaryHOW DICK TRACY GETS HIS MAN.. ................ William B. Edwards 16WHAT'S WRONG WITH GUN LAWS.. ....................Policeman "X" 28workshop ...HOW WHODUNITS ARE SOLVED.. ................William C. L. Thompson 20western...THE MYTH OF THE QUICK DRAW.. ..............William C. L. Thompson 25collector ...WHY POCKET AUTOMATICS DISAPPEARED. ...........Donald Simmons, Jr. 32THE 20,000 GUNS OF JESSE JAMES.. ....................... Carl Breihan 34departments ...CROSSFIRE, letters to the editor.. ...................................... 4GUNS IN THE NEWS. ................................................. 8CARTRIDGES, quips, quotes, queries.. .........................Stuart Miller 41ARMS LIBRARY.. ..................................................... 42MATTER OF FACT.. .................................Edward A. Joseph 62PARTING SHOTS.. .................................................... 65COVERChester Could, creator of famed cartoon detective Dick Tracy, enjoys sniping atmarauding crows at his palatial estate in Woodstock, Ill. He uses a Remingtonclip-loading .22 rifle, a weapon rarely handled by Dick Tracy who favors pistolsand Tommy guns on his job. Photo by George Kufrin.George E. von RosenPUBLISHERBen Burns William B. Edwards Sydney BarkerEDITOR TECHNICAL EDITOR ART DIRECTORBen RosenART EDITORLouis SatzCIRCULATION MANAGEREditorial Advisory BoardCOLONEL JOHN HULING,U.S.A. Ordnance Corps Ret'dMarvin GinnADVERTISING SALES MANAGERM. MagnussonADVERTISING MANAGERCOLONEL CHARLES ASKINS H. JAY ERFURTH JAC WELLERROGER MARSH STUART MILLER ROY C. DUNLAPGUNS magazine 1s published monthly it 542 N. Dearborn Chicago 10 Ill Application for second clamg;i~~D;;;;~;~uy;~~;~, a;o;;~;~~ui;~i ;~~;~~;~y;~~:,~~:yid&bLs%/;~~P~;OC~~ ;~KTORS submitting manuscripts, photographs or drawing! do so at their own risk. Material cannot, bereturned unless accompanied by sufficient postage. PAYMENT will be made at rates current at timeof acceptance and will cover reproduction in any, or allmagazine" domestic Or 'Oreigne d i t OVERTSING RATE I b h d ubeof

~les has one ofraining programsat Elysium Parklere officers lineuiar matches feaicademycourse.

BECAUSE FIREARMS TRAINING IS SCANDALOUSLY INADEQUATE IN MANYBIG-CITY POLICE DEPARTMENTS, SOME OFFICERSPAY WITH LIVESBy STERLING WALKERHE ONE out of every 1,000 Americans who is a police-Tman handles guns more than any other segment of thepopulation. Yet it is a sorry fact that these men, whoselives as well as the lives of others often depend on theirskill with a pistol, are among the saddest marksmen amongU. S. gunners.Why are police such bad shots, generally speaking?Why do so few police ever turn up as crack marksmenon America's pistol teams at the Olympics?Why do robbers so often outshoot cops?~h; answer is simple: in too many cities police do notget a chance to shoot except in the line of duty. Gun trainingis scandalously inadequate in most police departments.I recently got an opportunity to see first hand how badthat training is and to see how terrible a policeman's aimcould get without practice. I was on a Chicago YMCAshooting range and watched as a policeman drew hisSmith & Wesson .38 and slowly took aim at a target.Slowlv he thumbed the hammer and took aim. Five timeshe fired and five times he completely missed the welllightedStandard American 20-yard target paper.Sympathetically, one of the club members gave him a.45 S&W loaded with wadcutter bullets, which punch nicevisible holes in the target. Then he Lrankedthe targetframe up to within five yards of the policeman. That gavethe officer more confidence and he was able to hit the target,if not the bullseye.But to see a policeman armed with one of the finest fitted.38 Smith and Wesson M & P's completely miss a targetunnerved me. Watching this exhibition of the world's-worst shooting, it dawned on me that this man was hiredby the city to protect me and other citizens. This wassorrv protection indeed. , nFor driving a car, walking down the street and maybeeven some light boxing, this officer was in good form.But with a revolver in his hands, he was a tragic specimen.He had little idea of how to use a gun. If he had gone from" "the range to the street that night and seen someone breakinginto a jewelry store, he probably would have startedshooting. But what or whom would he have hit?Looking further into police training, I discovered thatwith the finest guns and ammunition available for training,too many police officers do not know how to shoot . . .and some are dead CODS because of it. The sobering " factis that firearms training for police in many cities is not-what it should be. From city to city training methodsdiffer, ranging from the best in Detroit and Los Angelesto the worst-in New York City of all places.The police force of America's biggest city has for yearsbeen called "New York's Finest" but its shooting programis anything but that. It is a horrible example oftoo little firearms training. Inspector Michael Murphy andLt. Herman Hunter agree that recruit and annual "refresher"programs are inadequate. New York is stillS & W's 34/44 Heavy Duty is favorite ofmany state police who fire .38 Spl. HV.K-Masterpiece revolvers in .22 are good forpractice and S & W .38 Spl. is for service.Colt Trooper combines target accuracywith service-length barrel in new .38.

Practice with riot guns at silhouette targets simulates actual conditions of street fighting and properlytrains recruit Los Angeles officers in using weapons effectively and accurately in fight against crime.sending recruits into the ranks of "the Finest" after only120 shots of range firing and no combat shooting training.Other communities of all sizes are improving theirshooting instruction, but New York continues to get bywith what can charitably be described as a bare minimum.The city's program is so deficient that the men whosupervise it are very embarrassed when they are calledon to discuss it. Both Inspector Murphy, brilliant youngcommander of the Police Academy, and Lt. Hunter of thefirearms course are technically qualified men with finebackgrounds. They know what is needed for a gun trainingprogram second to none in the nation.Two basic reasons lie behind the New York department'straining deficiencies. The first is lack of money. In NewYork City, richest port in the world and financial centerof the U. S., the city fathers simply seem unable to findenough cash to set up an adequate program. In additionto the academic work, each Police Academy recruit makessilhouette target for all other firing. Weapons safety andnomenclature, cleaning and care of the revolver, .38 caliberballistics, the revolver manual, sighting, and dry firing arestressed throughout the 13-weeks course.The recruit's first exposure to the .38 caliber revolvercomes on his fifth appearance on the range, and it is notuntil his 11th appearance that he is introduced to lefthandshooting.Since all firing is done on indoor ranges, actual shootingconditions cannot be duplicated as they are, for example,on the Toledo, O., eight-acre combat course with its "runningman" targets. Such items as left-hand shooting whileoperating a vehicle and firing from behind barricades,as taught in the FBI combat course, are only simulatedon the indoor targets. Motion pictures and slides areamong visual aids used in the classroom to help in theteaching of gun sighting and cleaning, positions for combatshooting, and how to draw, present, load and unload13 four-hour appearances on the firing range. During his 52 and carry guns.hours on the range, the recruit fires a minimum of 120 A new part of the academy training within the past yearrounds40 on the .22 caliber gun and 40 on the .38 is instruction on the use of the Spooner heavy-armoredcaliber Colt or Smith & Wesson Special. All firing is done vest and the heavy shield, which will protect a policemanfrom the 20-yard firing line on indoor ranges, only two from both lead and jacketed .357 Magnum bullets.of which are owned by the police department. Bull's eye All guns and ammunition used by recruits are providedtargets are used for slow fire practice and the No. 2 Colt by the academy, but they must purchase their own re-

New York police academy instructorexplains tommy gun fundamentals beforetaking recruits onto range. Gun instructionis inadequate for police recruits, whoreceive far less hours on range than needed.Reising .45 submachine gun is fired byDetroit officer during refresher course, demonstratingwith tracers that machine gunfire can be accurate. Detroit has one of bestfirearms training programs for its police..volvers before they report for duty as probationers. AllNew York police officers, except members of the emergencyunit armed with special weapons, are restricted to theuse of lead bullets of standard velocity. Jacketed bulletsJ -are taboo because of the fancied danger of ricochets.uThe academy's staff of 28 instructors also supervisesthe department's cyclic firearms training program, whichrequires each police officer to make three appearancesannually at one of the 12 ranges. - Each man must fire atleast 10 rounds at each range visit, or as many rounds as heneeds to qualify. He must buy his own ammunition for hiscyclic training and he can purchase it through the academyat 5 cents a round.In the absence of a combat range, cyclic training inNew York calls only for qualification on a four-inch bull'seye target at 20 yards with a .38 Special Colt or Smith& Wesson.Since the work of a policeman requires that he maybe called on at any time to use his service revolver. itappears doubtful that a firearms training program providingfor such a low volume of shooting is adequate tomaintain handgun proficiency. The FBI believes that themost desirable basic training program for law enforcementofficers requires about 1,000 rounds of ammunition pershooter. (Continued on page 57)

AAMERICA'S MOST FAMOUS DETECTIVE IS QUITE AMAN WITH A GUN, DRAWING HIS SHOOTINGTECHNIQUES FROM REAL-LIFE POLICE WHO GIVECREATOR CHESTER GOULD RESEARCH MATERIALHOWGETS HIS MANBy WILLIAM B. EDWARDSSK AN ENGLISHMAN to name the most famous sleuth inA Britain and he would unhesitantingly reply: "Why,Sherlock Holmes, of course." But an American asked tochoose America's most noted detective would hesitate andthen have a difficult time thinking of anyone better thanWith a Colt "357" revolver before him, cartoonist Gouldchecks a Dick Tracy drawing for detail in new panel.Dick Tracy. Creation of cartoonist Chester Gould, thecomic strip cop is personification for most Americans ofthe uncorruptible, straight-shooting, patient and persistentchampion of law and order.He is the nation's No. 1 crime-stopper and the criminalswhose careers he has ended-characters with such namesas Pruneface, Flattop, Open Mind and Rughead-havebecome as well known as Dillinger and Capone. WhileDick Tracy has displayed a remarkable ability to ferretout killers by brilliant detective work, he is also quite aman with a gun.Since the cartoon cop began chasing crooks back in,1931, he has fired thousands of shots from a variety ofweapons in the performance of his duty. He has shot itout with criminals who used ice pellets fired from dry-icechilled blank pistols. He has shot down wildcats kept asdoor watchers to a crook's underground hideout. He hascarried a .38 wrapped up in his bandaged hand to eliminatea killer, who thought he was about ready to write "finis"to Tracy's career.Using advances in weapons to keep up with the crooks,Tracy has stopped a fugitive's automobile by cracking themotor block with th; impact of the powerful .357 Magnumrevolver cartridge. In tight corners, Tracy has bouncedricochet bullets around corners to nail crooks.Dick Tracy's guns are something of a problem to mildtemperedartist Chester Gould. He admittedly knows verylittle about firearms from a professional aspect. When heneeds research for his cartoon strip, he visits the policedepartment and gets assistance from officers who aid himin working actual criminal cases into Tracy's adventures.Gould does not like to show guns for the sake of showing

Plywood gravestones were once erected by Gould athis estate for villains "eliminated" by Dick Tracy.Wary of guns, Mrs. Gould handles loaded "Cobra".38 Special Colt gingerly while cleaning husband's desk.them sensationally. He tries to draw a moral into his storywhenever he does, knowing that guns must be in his stripbecause they are the tools of trade of a policeman.Because of the style which Gould has developed, detaileddrawing of firearms is seldom done. It takes lots of workto draw a revolver correctly and there is too little appreciationof this work in a daily comic strip. Most Dick Tracyreaders would not know the difference.Revolvers have a preference over automatics in policecircles, yet Dick has often used an automatic pistol.There is no special reason. Gould just happened to drawautomatics in the strip and has continued the practice.One gun easily recognized, which Tracy uses sometimes,is the old reliable Thompson submachine gun. He doesn'talways have one ready, but in special situations he drawsone from the police armory when needed.Tracy isn't an infallible marksman, but he does hitpretty often. The sort of shooting he does is drawn fromreal-life training techniques. No shooting from the hip ifhe can avoid it. Rather Tracy makes a clean draw and afull-arm aim before firing. One of the few times Tracydid not shoot a revolver in the most approved methodwas when he went after Rughead's friends in the recentseries. Then Tracy had to appear "harmless" to a hood,yet still have the "drop" on him. This was accomplishedby hiding a hammerless Smith & Wesson inside a phonybandage, and carrying his arm in a sling. Seeming to beonly a common workman in rough clothes, Tracy kept thecriminal covered with his concealed revolver, and eventuallyhad to shoot him.For holding the distinction of America's best knowndetective, Tracy has had a rather irregular background.Talking about guns with writer William B. Edwards,Gould holds Remington rifle he uses on crows occasionally.

First appearance of Dick Tracy in 1931 issue of New York Daily News was as visiting boy friend of Tess Trueheart.First cartoon character ever killed by gunfire was storekeeper Trueheart with Tracy as witness to the shooting.""-Dramatic vow of Dick Tracy leading to his appointment as policeman voiced Chester Gould's own hate for crime.His sudden appointment to the police force was back in1931. Then Tracy was just another young man, calling onhis girl friend. Tess Truehart was her name (after abouttwenty years of courtship, Tracy finally married her).At the beginning, Tracy appeared talking with Mr. Truehart,a storekeeper. Truehart had the bad habit of keepinghis money in the shop, not trusting banks. In 1931 he hadsome reason to be wary of banks, and Truehart was thecartoon representation of a hundred thousand small mer-chants who kept their funds at home and became prey topetty crooks and burglars. A few days after the beginningof the cartoon series, Truehart was killed by a burglar.Tess was abducted by the crooks to cover their getaway.Of course, Dick Tracy came to the scene, and then andthere swore to find the criminals, avenge the death ofTess' father and save her.Chief Brandon, who overheard Tracy's oath, swore youngDick into the force on the spot, and ever since Dick Tracy

has been on the job tracking down desperate outlaws.Dick had the distinction of being among the first cartooncharacters ever to fire a gm-the first being a robber inGould's story whom Tracy swore he would track down.Gould has been too busy to learn much about the historyor details of firearms, but he likes guns and has all themakings " of a fine shooter. His work schedule leaves himtoo little time to indulge more than casually in the sport.He has owned a variety of guns, including a "B" modelHigh Standard .22 pistol and several shotguns. At presenthiscollection contains a .22 Remington rifle, two antiquedouble-barreled shotguns of French and German make, aSpringfield Model 1873 45-70 rifle, and a US. Model 1842Aston holster pistol. But he owns two other guns whichdo not exactly rate as "collectors items," for they are bothkept loaded.One is a Colt Target Woodsman .22 automatic. Theother is one of the new Colt "Cobra" .38 Special hideawayrevolvers, such as Dick Tracy often carries. Living - in asecluded area of the country, he likes to keep a house gunhandy. Mrs. Gould is somewhat reluctant to handle thesetwo loaded guns. Yet every day she lightly dusts aroundthem, then picks them up and dusts beneath. Apparentlytimid, there was one night she was far from being scaredby guns.Gould raises cattle-his farm is partly his hobby now.One rainy night a cattle buyer arrived late at Gould'shome to pay for some stock he had bought earlier thatday. A large sum of money was involved, but ChesterGould unconcernedly walked out into the rain "for justPlinking at tin can, artist Gould aims High Standard"By' .22 automatic pistol with both eyes open.Tracy with hammerless .38 hidden in sling broughttrick of President McKinley's assassin to comics.a minute" to talk to the man in his car.One hour passed. Alone in the big house Mrs. Gouldpassed from worry to fright. Had someone jumped themfor the money? The Goulds laugh about it now, thinkingback. Then it was no laughing matter when Mrs. Gouldappeared at the barn door with a flashlight in one handand the loaded and cocked Colt in the other. Of course,Gould was perfectly safe; he and the buyer had gone intothe barn to look at some calves.Gould occasionally gets to use a gun when he is busy athis drawing board. On his 130-acre place northwest ofChicago, he finds plenty of crows to occupy his attention."They- hop - over the stone fence near the front door andmake a racket," says Gould. "I guess they're hunting forfield mice." Drafting his cartoon strips near the secondstory porch windows, Gould is never too busy to drop hispen and pick up his .22 Remington rifle. Cautiously openingthe porch door, he pokes the barrel of the rifle throughthe crack and takes aim. The distance is about 150 feet.At last report, the crows are still alive.Pen-and-ink guns in the hands of Dick Tracy have beenGould's own personal gun battle with crime. In the process,Gould has also risen to the status of one of America's topcomic strip artists. Now read by more than 100,000,000Americans in 500 newspapers, Dick Tracy was the expressionof Gould's own revulsion at the open crime ofthe 20's. "I didn't like the way things were run," he explained."The courts were fixed and redhanded killerswould be out on bail the next day. Their cases would bedismissed on technicalities within the week."Against such a background, young Gould worked as acommercial artist. Drawing shapeless ladies' garments ororiental rugs for "This Saturday Only" advertising wasGould's six-day life. And like (Continued on page 54)


OVIE DETECTIVES spend their time looking for fingerprints on the outside^" of the gun. Real detectives spend their time checking the fingerprintsinside the gun-the telltale bullet markings.Of all the police methods which have been invented since Cain slew Abel,among the most modern is the science of firearms identification. Today thishis been lifted from long-haired obscurity to recognition as one of civilization'smost effective ways of combatting the gun-carrying criminal.This scientific method of identifying a "death" bullet with a particularfirearm basically lies in the character of a few little scratches. These arethe marks made on the surface of a bullet by the rifling as the bullet is -fired.One of the earliest cases in which fired cartridges identified the shooterswas a riot in Brownsville, Texas, in 1907. A number of soldiers from aninfantry regiment stationed there were involved. Thirty-nine empty rifleshells were recovered and sent to Frankford Arsenal for examination byammunition experts.Eleven of these were positively linked with one rifle, eight were fired ina second rifle, eleven in a third, and three more from another rifle. Theofficial report did not mention exactly how identification was made. Probablyit occurred as a result of the similarities in marks found on the case heads,where the soft brass under the pressure of firing took the print of the toolmarks on the front of the rifle bolts.Problems of gun identification baffled police experts for years. The factthat bullets might have individual marks on them was long suspected, buta system of proving it regularly was lacking. Some experts rolled bullets onsheets of wax or tinfoil, hoping to transfer an impression which could thenbe studied by a microscope. Others cut the metal jackets from some bulletspecimens "so that they might study the marks on the lead core underneath."During this period the late Calvin Goddard became actively interested infirearms identification work. A physician in the Army reserve corps, ColonelGoddard is justly credited with having "founded" the modern science offirearms identification.Test bullet from evidence Colt .45 is firedinto basket of cotton waste at Chicagocrime laboratory to get bullet undamaged.Microscopic examination of bullets is made by police officials at Northwestern University crime detection laboratory.Microscope is used either singly (below) or in comparison setup (opposite page) to test murder bullets.

Views of .38 caliber crime bullet and test bullet separately(left) and superimposed (above) show comparisons.Goddard was an intense young manwho liked nothing better for a weekendthan to take a box full of 20 or 30pistols and ammunition out into thecountry, shoot bullets into a bag ofcotton waste and then recover themundamaged. Later in his laboratoryhe would see if he could match up thebullets with the guns. He hoped toestablish some way of "fingerprinting"bullets.His research probed in the directionof finding some way of identifyingbullets fired from the same make ofSt. Valentine's Day massacre was reenacted by Chicago police and first gavewide publicity to firearms identification science as valuable police technique.gun. At that time he did not realizethat every individual gun, even of thesame make, has different markings.Without knowing it he had narrowedthe field of his research.In 1924 Goddard teamed up with"Judge" C. W. Waite, Philip 0. Gravelleand John H. Fisher to furtherhis investigation of firearms markings.Waite was a special investigator whohad been curio& about firearms identificationsince 1922. cravelle was aphotographer and microscopist. Fisherhad been an expert tool designer withthe bureau of standards.Waite was of little value except asa promoter. He managed to ~ersuadethe Saturday Evening Post that a storyon his gun lab would be a good story,and he also persuaded them to pa?him for the privilege of writing it-$2,000 which came in very useful inthose lean days! As a firearms expert.he couldn't tell the difference betweena Mauser .32 bullet (six grooves butright twist) and a .32 Colt bullet (sixgrooves but left twist). He did serveas a front man for his little laboratorygroup, and kept the three competenttechnical people working smoothly together.The problem which Gravelle, Fisherand Goddard attacked was brief to

Ball-socket bullet rods with four bullet chucks and detachable split spring cartridge holder for case head examinationare accessories of Bausch & Lomb comparison microscope (below) used in police firearms work.state but long to accomplish: the positiveidentification of a fired bullet witha particular gun. Once this could besettled, a conviction would usuallyfollow.To learn the facts, Gravelle suggestedusing the then-new comparisonmicroscope to study bullet samples.This was two separate complete microscopeswith a comparison bridge whichwould bring one half of the field ofeach microscope into a single field forthe viewer. Judge Waite obtained aspecial pair of bullet mounts built tohis order at Remington Arms Co. Eachbullet was rotated independently untilany similarity between the two showedup. Since the minute scratches andridges scraped into the surface of anyrifle barrel by the cutter duringmanufacture became impressed ontothe surface of the bullet. these markscould be easily seen in the microscope.In the view as seen through thecomparison bridge, part of the "murder"bullet would appear, and theremainder of the view be filled by the"test" bullet from a suspect gun. Ifthese marks did not line up, this wouldindicate that the two bullets were firedfrom different guns.This set-up was tested in 1925. Withtwo bullets fired from the same weapon,

the fact that both had passed through the same bore couldbe established in 100 per cent of the cases under idealconditions.The St. Valentine's Day Massacre in 1929 was one ofthe most spectacular cases in which the firearms identificationexpert featured. In this killing six gangsters anda friend were mowed down by a rival gang in Chicago.The crime was very sensational and received considerablepublicity. Colonel Goddard was invited to Chicago fromNew York to analyze the firearms evidence.This included 70 fired bullets of .45 automatic pistolcaliber, many of them whole, the rest more or less fragmented.These had been recovered from the bodies of thevictims.At the time there were five relatively common weaponschambered for this cartridge. They were the Colt .45automatic pistol, the Savage experimental .45 automatic,the Colt and Smith & Wesson M1917 .45 ACP revolvers,and the Thompson submachine gun.Each of these arms had its own individual riflingcharacteristics, except that the Colt MI911 pistols andM1917 revolvers were supposed to be rifled according tothe same specifications. However Colt revolver .45 bulletsdiffer from Colt automatic .45 bullets. Also the Coltguns are rifled with a left twist, while all the fired bulletsshowed marks with a right hand inclination. This eliminatedall Colt handguns.While the other three guns all had six groove rifling,right twist, the shape of the grooves, pitch and widthdiffered. The Savage automatic, being practically a uniquegun, was hardly considered. The S & W revolver was alsostruck out, as the bullets did not show the tell-tale markswhich indicate "fired from a revolver." Thus all thatCol. Calvin Goddard founded modem firearms identificationin 1930, here holds a Single Action Colt.Alnico permanent magnet is often used by police indragging streams to recover guns discarded by criminals.was left was the submachine gun. Confirmed by the arcshapedprint on the case rim, left by the Tommy Gun boltas it slams forward chambering the cartridge, two of theguns were believed to have been used. Magazines for thisgun came in 50-shot and 20-shot capacities. Fifty of theshells showed identical case marks, while the other 20showed different patterns of marks. Obviously guns usingthese two kinds of magazine had been employed. Theseguns have never been found.The detailed report Colonel Goddard submitted to theChicago police department got to the ears of the press.A feature story in the Chicago Tribune attracted widepublicity. This spectacular case was the turning point inthe struggle for recognition of the firearms identificationscience.Goddard established a school of police science at NorthwesternUniversity soon after. The publication of Major(now Major General) J. S. Hatcher's book on firearmsidentification and evidence in 1935 presented the firstpublic handbook for the police officer on this subject.Now revised by Jac Weller and Lt. Frank Jury of theNew Jersey state police, Hatcher's standard book isscheduled for publication in a new edition soon. AnEnglish authority, Major Sir Gerald Burrard, has alsopublished a firearms identification book which is availablethrough American stores.Figuring in all these books is the basic tool of themodern crime lab-the comparison miscroscope. This instrumentconsists of two microscope tubes with a comparisoneyepiece, built as a single unit for comparingobjects held on two completely (Continued on page 62)

By WILLIAM C. L. THOMPSONP ERHAPSNO chapter of the WildWest's history has been more dramatizedby Hollywood than the quickdraw. From the earliest cowboy moviesto the most recent cowtown epics,quick drawing by boots-and-saddleheroes has been a standard item. Everysodbuster, every sheep rancher, everyfence rider in cowboy stories becomesa Wild Bill Hickok when he straps onhis guns. Low-slung holsters trippingover his ankles, the hero slaps leatherin a five-seconds - gun duel with the localhard case.Under careful scrutiny the legend ofthe quick draw becomes more fictionthan fact. Modern-day holsters as wellas improvement in firearms designhave made the modern policeman betterset for quick draw than the Westernidols of yesteryear. Tests made toequal the fabulous feats of the pastshow that the modern shooter is farbetter off on the "quick draw" than hiscow puncher predecessor. Scores thatwould have turned a Western gunfighter green with envy were set up infractions of a second. at killing rangesof 15 to 18 feet.Alone with the modern double ac-"tion revolver has come the developmentof the holster.

Basket weave stamped revolver holster (left) is called the "Tom Threepersons" after Southwest Indian who popularizedit. Hip pocket holster (center) is still used by some. "Border Patrol" (right) is designed for mounted officers.Sam Colt's equalizer of the 1250'swas not designed for fast shooting anda quick-draw holster would have beenpointless in those days. During thisperiod the common belt holster or"scabbard" was used. Military types,a carryover from the flap saddle holsters,had a fold of leather completelycovering the handle of the gun and protectingit from rain and dust. Commercialholsters including those sold inthe gold fields were much the same.Open top holsters as a class camefrom south of the border and are evenlisted in old catalogs as "Mexican"styles. These holsters completely andsnugly covered the trigger guard of theold cap-and-ball guns, Navy or 1260Army Colts. Impossible to draw quickly,these guns were not suitable for fastwork for another reason-theirme-chanical design.The quickest way to get off shotsfrom the single action type of revolverwas by fanning. In this the heel of thepalm of the hand struck the spur ofthe hammer and flipped it back,cocking the gun and rotating the cylinder.Then the hammer fell firing theshot. Fast work was done this way,accurate at short distances, but old percussioncap guns were dangerous forthat sort of work. In fanning the forearmis held tightly against the body.This puts the revolver right under theshooter's nose . . . and eyes. Bits ofbrass from the busted caps fly aroundand a lucky shooter might make oneshot but never two. Blinded by brasschips, he would be out of action.Most of the fights in Wild West dayswere drunken brawling. A pistol stuck26into the piece of rope that held thepants was the most common carrierfor social occasions. The man who gothis gun smoking first had the edge.Muzzle blast could set his opponent'sclothes on fire. At worst, he could alwaysretreat behind the smoke screenif he didn't hit anything. But hipshooting and slapping leather when theguns were cap and ball was a quickway to the grave.Holsters worn by sensible, long-livedmen during that period reflect the factsof life. A cowboy carried a gun toshoot snakes and coyotes with, seldomto fight other men.Some oldtimers whose names arefamed today didn't use ordinary holsters.A sling of elastic tied to a revolverand allowing it to hang insidea loose sleeve was a common trick.When someone got the drop on a desperadoso armed, the bandit had onlyto snap to "hands up" briskly and therevolver would fly into his palm.Another rig avoided use of holstersat all. It was an eastern outfit whichwould have amused the dandified targetshooters at Walnut Hill but itserved such old timers as Ranger CaptainJames B. Gillett well. Maybe hebought it from one of those mail orderhouses, like Hartley & Graham of NewYork whose catalog in the 20's and90's listed it. The idea was simple:carry a gun on a swivel attached directlyto the belt. With the topstrapcartridge Colts it was practical. A Tslot in a plate riveted to the belt carrieda stud which was an extension ofthe Colt hammer screw. Just tippingthe pistol back and thumbing the hammerwas enough to get it going.To draw, all you had to do was pullit straight forward from the plate . . .fast as lightning. Gillett is said to havegot this idea after he had been presentedwith a calfskin vest holding twofancy Colts, like gun fighter JohnWesley Hardin used to use. Try as hemight, Gillett could never get thoseguns out without clashing them together.Rather than be buried in the vest,he got the T-slot belt.The swivel holster was like this suecia1belt, but held the gun completelyinside a leather holster. Holes nearthe cylinder front let the smoke out infiring, - and the hammer and triggerUUBerns-Martin "Lightningv shoulder were exposed. Guns could be shotholster offers quick cross draw accessto S. & W. Chief's Special.either attached to the belt, or pulledfree like the T-slot affair.

There were a few real auick drawartists in the old days, , . and only a few.Their names have come down to us:Wild Bill Hickok, Ben Thompson,Butch Cassidy, John Wesley Hardinfor example. Hardin killed men whowere mechanically his equals, menwhose speed on the draw was as amazingas his own. He killed them be--cause even if covered by the other fellow'sgun, he didn't panic. Instead ofthinking about being killed, he thoughtof killing the man who had the drop onhim. And he had one other advantage. . . he was always ready to shoot.The peace officer always has thatmoment of decision, whether shootingis justified or whether he should tryto take his man alive. The gunfighterwas always ready to go. Far more importantthan the gun rig was the gunfighter'spositive way of thinking andability to make a decision in the face ofheavy odds. But there were mighty fewgunfighters. and their one secret wasL .,practice constantly. They cut theirteeth on a "Colt" and lived and diedwith a gun in their hand. And even intheir day, "quick draw" was rare.One of the best tricks to speed up thedraw is the poker chip test. With apoker chip or a coin on the back ofyour hand, extend it straight out fromthe shoulder. Make sure that your gunis solidly in the holster, on a wide beltsecurely strapped so the holster willnot pull up with the gun, slowing thedraw. The gun handle should be soplaced that with your hand at yourside, the gun is convenient if you bendyour arm a little. All ready? Thenfill your hand!Follow through and trigger a shottowards the target, or dry fire, and seeif you can beat the drop of the coin toContrasts in holsters is seen in varying styles: (1) flap model for long barreled,single action revolver; (2) standard tuck-away with lambs' woollining; (3) hand-made model for U. S. New Service Colt .45; (4) Western-styleMexican skirted of type popular in early 1900's; (5) U. S.service model for Colt .38's around 1890 to 1917; (6) for automatic.the floor. It takes practice but it willwork.When you are tired from practice,it is a good time to check whether thegun belt you're wearing would havebeen practical 70 years ago. Imagineyou're sitting on a horse. What happensto the position of your guns?They ride up, the belt becomes loose,and if you didn't have the guns tied inthey would flop out while riding. In theHollywood production "Viva Zapata,"hero Marion Brando actually lost hisgun while wearing a "typical" westernoutfit. He leaped on his horse; and rodeoff and lost his gun in a swirl of dustas the loose holster flapped against hisleg, all plainly visible on the screen.Quick draw holsters were not practical.Probably the main reason for theopen holster was the Mexican love forbeauty. Most of the holsters are fancy,fiesta costume decorations. Ivory andpearl handled pistols were extremelypopular in Mexico since the 1850's.Mexican open (Continued on page 4.5)Cuff holster still being made for .41Remington double derringer by SamMyres Saddlery Co. of El Paso, Texas."Speed" holster and belt by Berns-Martin is of hand-carved leather.Gun is S. & W. 1950 .44 Special."Clam-Shell" holsters are made ofmetal halves that spring open whenbutton is touched by trigger finger.27

Right to "keep and bear arms" is written intoConstitution in 2nd Amendment, a vital part ofthe Bill of Rights, but police regularly seize firearms,picked up thousands of battle souvenirs fromservicemen on return to U.S. New York police departmenthas display of seized weapons (right).

Wit. Gun LawsBy POLICEMAN "X"'M A COP. My name isn't "Joe Friday." I can't tell myI real name in this article1 have a job to look out forand two kids and a wife to feed.Last month I was shot by a crook. Two boys ran out ofa currency exchange. I called to them to halt. One of themfired at me. I drew my Official Police .38 and stopped themboth. But the hip wound I received gave me time to thinkover things . . . like "Where did those fellows get theirguns?" Didn't we have laws which kept hoodlums frompossessing guns?When I looked into the laws about pistol permits, Ilearned a strange thing. The laws all seemed geared totake guns away from the ordinary public, from a personwho might need a gun to defend himself against a crook.And these same laws make it relatively easy for any twobithoodlum to get a gun anywhere, any time he wants one.Because I found this out, I'm afraid to sign my name tothis article. You see, the state senator in my district ispumping for an anti-gun law and he wouldn't exactly likea police officer from his ward to talk about the real factson anti-gun legislation.There's a lot of talk in these days of teen-age hoodlumisn~about New York's state pistol law, the Sullivan Law.People always compare newer laws with this one. "Likethe Sullivan Law," they say.The Sullivan Law was written 45 years ago. The meatof the law is in Section 1897 of the Penal Laws of NewYork. It states: "Any person . . . who shall have in hispossession in any city, village or town of this state, anypistol, revolver or other firearm of a size which may beconcealed upon the person, without a written license therefor. . . shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and if he hasbeen previously convicted of any crime he shall be guiltyof a felony." This also applies to the carrying of such aweapon, concealed and loaded or unloaded with ammunitionavailable on the person.By the terms of this law, you must get a permit in orderto buy or possess a pistol. Fingerprints and pictures of allapplicants are required to get a permit, except for a householderupon his application to have a pistol in his home.These permits are good only for a definite period, usuallyone year. They must be renewed, and there is a fee, about50 cents to $1.50 per license.This law has been the model for other laws since then.Seized weapons are assembled by New York police fordumping into ocean. Total of 13 tons were in this load.Confiscated pistols, rifles and shotguns are dumped intoLake Michigan by Chicago police as part of anti-gun drive.

The feature which brings con~plaints from many peopleis the license part. This, they claim, is contrary to the 2ndAmendment of the Federal Constitution which says: "Awell regulated militia being necessary to the security of afree state, the right of the people to keep and bear armsshall not be infringed." An almost identical clause is in thecivil rights law of the state of New York.But I learned that the Sullivan Law has been declaredconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court despite the 2ndAmendment. And as a result gun laws requiring ordinarycitizens to be fingerprinted and mugged like commoncriminals have been pushed in more and more states-ineludingmy own.But I'm not as worried about the "right" of a person tocarry a gun as I am interested in gun laws from the viewpointof the cop of the beat.Why should a cop argue for John Q. Public's right tocarry a gun without fingerprinting and mugging? Whyshould anyone want a gun in the first place?The answer is as simple as the question: it's written inthe reports from J. Edgar Hoover's Federal Bureau of Investigation,which show that there are more crimes committedin America than ever before in our history. Andthe facts are that the policemen of our country could usethe help of John Q. Public in stopping the hoods.ire as many Cow as you want and it won't stop the, Icrooks because it's physically impossible to cover all thebeats in a big city all the time. But give the average citizenthe right to carry a weapon in self-defense and you'll putthe muggers on the defensive. When the crooks don't know"Uwhether the man they're trying to heist has a gun or not,there won't be as many "stick-'em-up7' shouts.-Despite stringent gun laws, Dallas police collected 500"shootin' irons" from criminals in single year in Texas city.Typical of gun law sponsors is Chicago politician StateSen. William "Botchy" Connors, Democratic ward boss.One thing is sure-the Sullivan Law just doesn't workwhen it comes to stopping criminals.Officials claim that the law works okay in New York,but that weak laws in other states like New Jersey orConnecticut make it easy for crooks to get guns. But whatreally is the truth?Remember the bank robbery that was pulled in Queensa few months ago? Four men were in it. Three had pistols:they could have bought them outside of New York stateand smuggled them in. But the fourth man had a submachinegun, and possession of an unregistered submachinegun has been prohibited by Federal law in everystate since 1934!So the black market in guns already flourishes and thekind of laws we're working with now don't do a bit ofgood in stamping it out.At this point some people ask: "What do you want todo, give everybody a gun?" The answer of ceurse is "No"but that doesn't mean that there isn't any other workableplan.Certainly everyone in this nation is worried about crimeand how to stop it. Organized crime makes taxes higher,drains off business profits, burdens everyone with highercosts of living, is a threat to our security, and fills thelawbooks with all kinds of laws that curb our liberties. Yet

outlawing guns in the few places where these laws are ineffect has not helped the police officer at work.In the Peace Officer, the journal of the Michigan FraternalOrder of Police, editor Clifford Montague says:"Many authorities, experts in law enforcement, believe thatthe system of licensing to purchase and licensing to possesshave done more to aid the cause of organized crime thanany other feature of laws relating to firearms." They disarmthe law-abiding citizen and place him at the mercy ofthe crooks. Gun prohibition laws have been as ineffectiveas liquor prohibition was. But a constructive plan to teachinterested people the facts of safe gun handling wouldpay off.Our problem with crime begins with our youngsters,with the unorganized petty hoodlums. It starts with somebodytipping off that Mr. Doaks goes home from his storewith the day's receipts, and so he gets hit for his wallet.Sometimes he gets killed. Sometimes some young punkwho gets tired of working takes a gun in his hand andstarts in purse-snatching or with one or two pals startsup his own little gang. He's the kind that makes a cop'slife a tough one . . . they've got fancy names, "juveniledelinquents," and so all we do is put them away till theygrow up, learn all about crime from experts, and come out"rehabilitated" and ready for big league organized crime.These little guys are the fingers on the hand of organizedcrime. There is a way to combat them. It is fight firewith fire. Every storekeeper, every currency exchange clerkshould be required to own a gun such as a standard .38Special revolver, and know how to shoot it without putting -a hole in himself or somebody standing innocently by.Legitimate sporting goods stores find pistol laws curb gunsMost of the time the threat of a (Continued on page 55) sales to sportsmen, but do not hinder criminals at all.Gun club training of beginning shooters and control of target shooter's license is advocated by many. Club secretarywould certify skill of shooter and issue card like auto driver's license to assure safety. Training would begin in teens.

HERE USED TO BE MANYIFFERENT U. S.MAKESUT NOW AMERICANUTOMATICS CANNOTBE BOUGHTBy DON SIMMONS, JR.Colt .32 pistol designed by John M.Browning and Remington M51 (bottom)of J. D. Pedersen's were oncepopularautomatics which were widelysold, but are not now being made.[E AMERICAN-MADE pocket autonaticis about as extinct as theI bird. This is strange, considerthatpocket auto pistols generallyfrom the original designs ofrican-born John M. Browning.of the world still refers to aet automatic as a "browning."it after a good beginning at theturn of the century, and years ofstruggle through many designs to reach"adulthood," the final blow to thepocket automatic came with World War11. During that period several distinctiveforms of automatic pistols weremade or sold predominantly in theUnited States and they could be boughtunder many trade names in any gunstore. Although they filled a specialneed all their own, pocket automaticsin America have nevertheless entirelydisappeared from manufacturer's lines.The current brisk business in importedpocket automatic pistols shows that the

need and interest in these guns stillexists.Used American pocket automatics,when offered for sale, are always indemand. Yet many dealers and shooterstoday, because they became active inthe gun field after the "death" of thepocket automatics, know little aboutthese guns.Pocket automatics were small tomedium sized semi-automatic pistolskept for defense and protection. Withfixed sights, theyweighedbetween 15 and 25 ounces, with barrellengths of 3 to 4 inches. Magazinecapacity was 6 to 10 rounds, the averagebeing 7 or 8. The caliber wasusually -32 ACP or -380 ACP (AutomaticColt Pistol cartridges), which inEurope are called "7.65 mm Browning"or "9 mm Browning Short" respectively.Usually ~ocket automatics arestraight blowback in design, but alocked breech type (the Frommer) wasmade abroad and two delayed blowbackpocket automatics were made inthe U. S. These were the Savage andthe Remington pistols of the 1920's.A blow-forward pocket automatic, theSchwarzlose, was also made abroadand imported here, but was not commerciallysuccessful even in the heydayof pocket autos.Both hammer and hammerless typesof pistols were made, American manufacturersfavoring the latter design.These can be subdivided into concealedhammer designs, and true "hammerless''guns using a striker or springpushedfiring pin. Most of the Americanpocket automatics were of theconcealed bbhammerless" type, thoughthe Savage MI910 and 1917 pistols area sort of crossbreed. In these thereis an exposed thumbcocking piecewhich actually cocks the striker, insteadof a separate hammer.The first American pocket automaticwas Colt's model 1905, a Browningblowback patent. Savage was next withtheir models, followed by Smith & Wesson,Remington, and Harrington &Richardson. Mossberg once made a-22 pistol resembling an automatic.Actually it was a four-barreled gunwith the barrel group resembling anautomatic pistol slide.Three other companies sometimesheard of also sold pistols: the DavisWarner Arms Co., the Phoenix ArmsCo., and the Union Arms Co.Most of the business done by thesecompanies was just before and afterthe first World (Continued on page 60)Straight blow back type of action common to pocket automatics relies onbreechblock weight and spring to hold gun closed at moment of firing.This is the cheapest design to make and most pocket pistols are this kind.Delayed blowback mechanism sets up hesitation in the opening motion ofslide and is often used in larger caliber pistols or in sbbmachine guns. Springball prevents abrupt opening of breech, delays it bntil bullet leaves bore.Recoil operated pistols with locked breech had block and barrel solidlyheld together during firing, and used barrel inertia to throw open slide.Fixed frame bar contacts barrel stud and cams barrel lug down from slide.Blow forward is variant, freak design. Found on only two or three automatics,the barrel blows forward from a standing solid breech. Having theoreticaladvantages, this design produces heavy recoil and is not too practical.

Young Jesse James looked innocent but carriedas many as four revolvers riding with Quantrill.NOTORIOUS OUTLAW'S CAREER GAVETO THOUSANDS OF 'JESSE JAMES GUNSBy CARLHE AMERICAN Robin Hood7' they called him, but heTmight have been more correctly called "America'sNo. 1 Gun Collector.?? If all the guns now attributed toJesse James were tallied up, the total would probably runover 20,000. If their original retail values were tallied?Jesse's descendants would probably still be vavin~ forA d uthem. Jesse's whole burg1a;ious caieer would have beendevoted to buying guns. As it was7 America's most famouscutlaw made less than a fair living wage.There are pros and cons about every gun that camewithin sight of Jesse James? let alone the few which heactually had and used. Of them all-hundreds legitimateand thousands illegitimate-none has stirred more questionrecently than the one with which he was shot.Certainly the gun which shot Jesse James should rankas a highly important historic firearm. The LincolnDeringer in U. S. museum custody is priceless? but thegun that shot poor Jesse is in private hands. Two be exact, for two men on strong but conflcting evidenceclaim to own the gun.Andy Palmer of Dearborn> Michigan? claims to havethat gun. At his "Military Inn," his famous gun collectiondecorates the walls7 and among the important exhibitsis "the gun that killed Jesse James." It is a Colt.The second "gun that killed Jesse James" is owned. byHenry G. Lingenfelder of Baltimore, Md. For variety, this

RISE TO MYTHS AND LEGENDS ANDFOR COLLECTORS TO ARGUE ABOUTBREIHANJesse's young friend Bob Ford, with whom heplanned robbery, shot him when he turned his back.gun is a Smith & Wesson. Each owner claims his gunis the one with which "the dirty little coward shot Mr.Howard?" the phony name used for a time by Jesse James.A final answer to this claim would be worth much money,verifying that one gun is the historical gun.The ballad about the killing of Jesse James paints killerBob Ford as a pretty lowdown character. To millionsof Americans who read of his exploits, Jesse came torepresent the courage, boldness, ingenuity and manlinessassociated in the popular mind with the settlement of theMississippi valley and the West.Jesse really possessed these attributes, as well as a senseof humor and justice. But the famed bandit could also bemean and resentful, and in some ways treacherous. Hewould brood over fancied wrongs and never fully trustedanyone. Perhaps his moody nature was not unjustified.When he trusted a friend, he was killed.Jesse had come up the hard way, from the wild daysof the Civil War. He had spent about 15 years of his lifein armed robbery, with great success so far as escapingthe law was concerned.Born September 5, 1847 in Clay County, Missouri, JesseWoodson James was a lad when the Civil War began. Hisfather was pro-South and early in 1862 brother FrankJames joined William Clark Quantrill's guerillas, drawing. his whole family into the orbit of passionate feeling. Prior

Colt .45 with 19 notches in butt is said to be one with which Bob Ford killed Jesse James but claim is questioned. Gunis placed over old artist's version of shooting by Fords which shows Jesse on chair at right dusting picture frame.Jesse's home in Kearney, Mo., shows the window opposite pump through which Pinkertons threw bomb,killing half-brother and blowing off his mother's arm. Jesse returned to home in death, was buried in yard.

Display board with guns Jesse used includes Merwin & Hulbert revolver(top right) and Colt (center) Jesse wore day he was this, Frank had fought with regularMissouri Confederate troops, but thereis no record of his family beingmolested until after Frank joined Quantrill,that mixture of patriot and brigandwhom the Federals tried to destroy.Then the Union troopers called onthe James house to find Frank. Whipsbacked up their questions and Jesse'smother and sister Susan were put into afilthy jail where Susan almost died fromfever. Jesse escaped, and with Frankand Quantrill became accustomed to thesound of shots in the dark, ambushesalong forest-bordered roads in theMissouri country, and the sight ofviolent death. Jesse received an almostfatal lung wound in a skirmishat Flat Rock Ford in August of 1864,but was nursed back to health by afamily who lived nearby.After Lee's surrender Jesse led a"This particular model is redlyrare. Jesse James never did own it!"band of guerillas under a flag of truceto Lexington, Missouri, to surrenderto Union troops. There a soldier firedat him, wounding him through thesame lung so severely that he was givenup for dead. This time he was caredfor by a cousin, Zerelda Mimms, whomhe later married.It seemed as if they would not letJesse surrender. Under terms of theDrake Constitution of 1865 as adoptedby the state of Missouri, all Confederatesoldiers or sympathizers were strictlyforbidden to practice any professions oract as deacons of any church underheavy penalty. For ten years this situationexisted, during which Jesse couldnot have studied for any advanced kindof work, nor have become an activemember of the community in ordinaryfashion. By then, it was too late. JesseJames was (Continmed on page 49)

WHATPISTOLFORPOLICEU. S. OFFICERS PARTIAL TO REVOLVERSFOR THEIR RELIABILITY BUT EUROPEANSINSIST ON AUTOMATICS FOR THEIR SPEEDBy HARVEY BRANDTTHERE IS perhaps no single question of firearms so positivelysettled as what gun is the best for police-and theAtlantic Ocean seems to be the dividing line as far as theanswer. In Europe the answer is automatics; they are carriedby uniformed and plainclothes officers, by forestrangers and secret agents. But on this side of the water,Canadian and U. S. officers invariably carry revolvers.The crux of the argument - lies in the mechanical differencebetween automatics and revolvers.Revolvers carry five or six cartridges in the revolvingcylinder, corresponding to the clip magazine of an automatic.But in an automatic, where a platform is pushedup under the cartridges by a spring to feed the shots tothe barrel, the revolver cylinder has a never-failing mechanicallink direct to the trigger. When the trigger ispulled, the cylinder must rotate a fresh cartridge in linewith the barrel, whether it fires or not.In an automatic, sand or dirt can slow up the movementof the cartridge platform or "follower" and so cause ahesitation in loading, sometimes getting the cartridgecocked sideways and jamming the gun. To clear a jamthe slide must be nulled back with the other hand-somethingan officer cannot always do when handcuffed to acriminal or injured. A revolver even if a misfire occurs,need only be clicked again and the next cartridge willcome up.The substance of the American police argument againstautomatics boils down to one of "reliability." Automaticsare faster than revolvers in the hands of an unskilled orsemi-skilled police shooter. But their drawback is their"unreliability."Exponents of the revolver wage an almost constant verbalbattle with the auto pistol advocates. Yet which type ofweapon is carried seems to be decided not only by thecurrent function of the officer in society, but also by history.Modern American ~olice departments began about themiddle of the last century. The "watches" which walkedthe streets at night gradually were organized into city'armies" which retained their civilian character. Theofficers worked an ordinary day and then went home totheir families. Their guns were mainly civilian typeweapons.In Europe on the other hand police have a nationalcharacter. The gendarmes of France are typical. Administeredby the army, the French gendarmes serve ascombined state and military police, going anywhere in thecountry. They are on call of the national government.Living in barracks along military lines, the gendarmesare recruited from former soldiers whose peace-time compulsoryenlistments have expired. Because these nationalpolice serve as models for city police in most Europeancountries, the equipment of the city police has taken on amilitary character. Rifles are kept at most police barracks.while often police on routine duty before the city hall willcarry submachine guns, more for "show" than to actuallyuse.The European policeman is more a soldier, while theAmerican policeman is primarily a civilian. Through theyears this separation between European and Americanpolice departments has become more extreme.American police have used revolvers from the earliest

days. Reliability was more in~portant to an early policeofficer than the shocking power of the bullet fired. Thebiggest handgun was no use if it didn't shoot, and Americanpolice used the guns they found were most reliable forthe times-the Colt and Remington revolvers from pre-Civil War times. In the post-war boom, peace officers usedthe army revolvers once issued to them-.36 or .44 Colt,Starr, or Remington percussion revolvers.But in Europe, police preferred automatics and stilldo. The French, along with many other Continental departments,find the .32 automatic satisfactory for theirneeds. Partly this is because running gun battles betweencops and robbers along open country roads are particularlyunknown. Cheap automatics of the Browning-Spanish typesfrom southern France, the "RUBY" and others were is-sued. At the Manufrance arms factory of St. Etienne, theLLLe Francais" line of pistols is made. Smallest of these in.25 caliber is "Le Policeman." reflecting its vest-pocketuse by plainclothes officers.English police relied more on "police statism" than onactual combat with the criminal. The small areas andlarge police forces worked against the criminal more effectivelythan guns. England has nearly three times asmany policemen per capita as the United States. AfterWorld War I, Webley & Scott made a "Metropolitan Police"9 mm automatic pistol, but few were used. Firearmsare kept at the station houses and not issued except in greatemergency. This "tacit agreement" among crooks andpolice is almost legendary; the crooks don't carry guns,and neither do the police. The reason is simple. The criminal,once the seaports and borders areclosed, cannot get off the island. Geographyworksbetter than guns, andneither automatics nor revolvers everreached much perfection in design inEngland. -In Europe the rugged conditions ofthe "frontier" never existed. While anAmerican owner of a sidearm mightcarry it for months through rain andhail. dust and snow, and need it in asecond to save his life, the Europeanpistol man led a much more secludedlife and automatics saw relatively , easv ,service. Chemical advances in ammunitionmanufacture also helped keepEuropean automatics "reliable." Improvedprimers in German ammowere less likely to deteriorate thanolder American stuff.Revolvers have been made in Europe.From the English Deane-Adamsthrough a whole variety of "Bulldog"and "Ordnance" designs, revolversFor fifty years Smith & Wesson.38 Military & Police revolver hasbeen a police standard everywhere.-''Aluminum alloy frames of Colt "Commander"and other modern featuresare attracting police to use automatics.

Bull Dog revolvers of cheap construction and outmodeddesign are still being made in Europe for police use.Odd Nagant revolvers used by Czarist Russia are stillissued, but are tricky, not as reliable as U. S. types.Reliable Browning Model 1922 automatic pistol in .32caliber was designed by maker especially for police.have long had a place in the European gun scene. Yet witha very few exceptions, revolvers of European make arepoorly designed and some are dangerous by Americanstandards.The British service revolvers for example are hingedframeguns using a stirrup latch over the top strap to holdthe gun together. They were originally designed in the1880's almost immediately after Smith & Wesson introducedthe basic idea. These Webley revolvers are strongguns, but there they stop. Suitable for ordinary blackpowder or low-powered nitro loads, they would be entirelyunsuitable for firing modern American heavy-duty .38,.44 Special handloads, or .357 Magnum cartridges commonlyused in police work.Webley & Scott's persistence with this type of gun isdictated partly by the notion that if they changed over tothe much superior solid frame like an American gun, theywould be accused of "copying."Continental revolvers are no better. One of the finest- made --. --. is - a solid-frame French "Modele d'ordonnance" 1892gun, but being an obsolete military gun in a caliber aboutas powerful as the .38 Colt, it has never been accepted bypolice departments. There are no commercial Frenchrevolvers, except cheap hideaway guns of small caliberand poor workmanship.Germany had the Luger and after World War I the mainfield for development lay with the auto pistols. ThousandsDouble action Czech CZ .25 auto pistol is typical oftrend to revolver features in automatic designs.of Lugers were issued to German police. It is easy to understandwhy. In 1930 the price FOB Hamburg of a Smith& Wesson Regulation Police model .32 revolver was morethan twice the cost of a German-made police .32 automatic.German makers concentrated on improving auto pistols,and so in Germany the commercial double-action automaticwas born. This design seems to be the strongesthope to reconcile the reliability of the revolver with thegreater firepower, larger ammunition capacity, and flatconcealibility of the automatic.Walther in Zella-Mehlis was the first successful makerof double action pistols. The Walther company recognizedits potential market. The name of their most importantpistol was the "PP" or Police Pistol. "Zuiverlassiger kamerad"it was called-"everfaithful comrade," for sport, fortarget shooting, and for police work.For police work, Walther recognized a better reason fora double action feature-safety. With most automatics youeither have to thumb back the outside hammer, or carryit at full cock, ready for the job. When the Colt Super .38was first brought out in the 30's, the police of Frontenac,Mo., obtained some for use in their patrol cars. The highvelocity metal-jacketed slug was as close to metal piercingas any handgun ammo then available. But when they hadto cover a prisoner, accidents would happen. One officerrecounts:"They issued a few Super (Continued on page 64)

Centennial Commemorative Stampinteresting part of the ordnance department'sA !$ry at the Centennial Exposition at Philadelphiain 1876 was their cartridge production line. This lineconsisted of 19 arsenal machines and showed the visitorsthe various steps necessary to convert the raw materialsinto 45-70dSpringfield cartridges. The line was run byoperators from nearby Frankford Arsenal, and had thecapacity of 14,000 cartridges per day.There were to be 500,000 blank cartridges made at theexposition, and the line was slowed down to 5,000 roundsper day so that they could continue operating during theentire summer. Because of the danger involved in handlingBy STUART MILLERthe powder, the actual loading of the cartridges was notdone at the exposition, but at the arsenal instead. Loadingmachines at the exhibit were run upon application byvisitors, but mustard seed was used instead of gun powder.The cartridges were the standard copper-cased 45-70inside primed shells, but they bore a special "commemorative"head stamp. (see photo). There are two schools ofthought as to the meaning of the "C" in the headstamp.One says the "C" stands for "carbine," while the otherclaims that it stands for "centennial."The cases were shipped to Frankford Arsenal where theywere loaded, packed, and disposed of through regularmilitary channels. The blanks were loaded with 70 grainsof musket powder, pressed hard in the loading machines,and varnished at the mouth of the case. No wad was used.No doubt many of the empty cases and the mustardseed loaded ball cartridges were passed out as souvenirsto the taxpayers at the fair-just what else could the armydo with cartridges which had mustard seed for a propellingcharge? They are very seldom seen in cartridge collectionstoday.Krag AmmunitionWhile on the subject of military cartridges, I was mostinterested to learn that during the Spanish-American War,our army bought quite a quantity of Krag ammunitionfrom Kynoch, Ltd., of Birmingham, England. The armydid not have the 30-40 Krag Jorgensen rifle for too manyyears, and in the war emergency, needed far more ammunitionthan could be supplied by Frankford Arsenal.They contracted for cartridges from Winchester, UnionMetallic Cartridge Co., and from Kynoch to insure a, sufficient supply.This Kynoch ammunition was loaded with the traditionalamber-colored stick cordite powder, and wasequipped with a large-sized copper specially adapted foruse with cordite. The size of the copper primer and theheadstampeither "K C 98" or "K C 99"-were the onlyidentification of this unusual round. In all other featuresit resembles the usual arsenal-made Krag rounds. Theammunition was packed in U.S. army-style labeled boxes.The performance was the same as the U.S.-made rounds,the box I have stating the velocity was 1964 feet per secondat 53 feet.Unusual Sharps PacketI have seen a packet of skin cartridges from the Wingecollection that is unusual for several reasons. First off,it represents one of the very few instances when the SharpsRifle Manufacturing Co. of Hartford made cartridges thatwere not intended for use in their own weapons. Thecompany's best known cartridges were, of course, the .52Sharps linen cartridges for their breech-loading percussioncarbines and rifles of the Civil War. Later, after the companyhad reorganized as the Sharps Rifle Co., they made afew sizes of metallic cartridges such as the 50-90-2%'Sharps straight, but very few.Second, it is the only packet that I have ever seen thatgives the bullet weight in addition to the powder charge.This is the heavier powder charge, as most of the com-panies were content with a 15 grain load for the .36 navyrevolvers. This is but one grain lighter powder chargethan was employed in many of the .44 caliber armyrevolver cartridges of the time.Add to this the fact that it is one of the few packetsthat included percussion caps in with the cartridges, andyou will agree with me that it is a mighty desirable item.Hayes Patent Skin CartridgeFor a number of years I have liked the looks of thespecimen of the Hayes patent skin cartridge that I havein my collection. This was of the usual style with the skincartridge being enclosed in a paper envelope, leaving theround-nosed conical bullet exposed, and with a blacktape for tearing the envelope. This differed in that ithad a blue label reading: "Capt. M. Hayes, R.N. PatentSkin Cartridge, Manufactured by Broux & Moll, London."I had always wondered just how these skin cartridgeswere supposed to be used, so was happy when I got anoriginal can from this type cartridge-(unfortunately itwas empty) -giving the following directions."By Royal Letter of Patent. Capt. Montagu Hayes' R.N.Skin Cartridges. Warranted to (Continued on page 44)

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k and I willFOBBURBANKDIFFERENTD YARD GUNS8 M M AUTOMATIC2. SAUER .32 CAL. AUTO - Rare double.action model specially desired by Nazio~Bc~~s3. SPANISH EIBAR .32 CAL. AUTO- The beautifully made Falangist favorite.SI~.SO..................... ~22.50.......................JUST PURCHASED!Smoker, Moor*. dc., ete.. hundfdt and hundreds ofthe llltl~ btiullet. No spacial thoice but I'll pick outOnly a few in this country. Made 8. BAVARO .32 AUTO - Only the size oftor British government. It you want to a .25. this is world's smallest .32 auto.t .45 *,~,p, ammo all you need fs an mat" ~1st01. A real "and" for collectors.i n 4 c a d y e In b u n e9.95 condition .. ~ ~ ~ 2 . ~ . ~ ~BOW HUNTERS SPECIAUDERRINGERS1GREAT WESTERN FRONTIER SIXSHOOTERSPANCHO VILLA RIFLE. A ml mmrtUHM. 1 MM row Mock.SMITH & WESSO.00 3 for $28.50S L W. TYPE SPANISH-breaktop ,455 Cal Goodcondition. Here's a powerful shooter you don't see Inm y collections. We stole these.. $9.95............VCRV EARLV LCeCL. IIMM. Vew early Fmwhmlllt6r~ sidearm (1873.741. An extremely rareHector's item. These suns were used In' theco-hssian War (black powder), .... .SIa.ssHOW TO ORDER GUNSSmI mwy order tr check mod. ~oyobl. à Hy HçimrIf you wont somrihing sfit C.0.0. send a depçç dHY HUNTER5 FRONTIER BEEN SPINNING YET?113. EASY PAYMENT PUN: Sdnl >hà tvix È gun or, ._ nndSIXSHOOTER CAT. #4complet,. ã,ã,l, ,ãà at,, ,, ã,__fmm,50c ~A$~g~:oys$,:,;K $&,1;:,';%; F.¡~J¥nd,,;:?.CT.;::;.e;~ bubble float, good ~~i ton. rod tog. '(~h~i'.m.rchandlf of your (hake today and pay far it la fullI never caurht so many ftnh since I took It up. Here's an outfit I personally recommend and wlll stand '""" lo% a"otd "IC* On On" ?"-gad&hind beoau-e I snaked out a strinx 01 grandadds nqh w~th 4,. Y,,U KO "r~e a11 thew ,tern* an* ,WL.IIthey cost you $41.00 not counting your time. I made a tie volume deal - lfs yours completew'l' ¥"""n I" 1""" "

CARTRI DGES(Continued from page 41)REPLACEMENT RAMPS foiLENGTHWISE DOVETAILED BARREL5on High Standard's new Supermatic Olympic, Field Kingand the new Sentinel revolver0 May be self-installed 0 Ingenious engineering design cornpletely hides set screw for anchorin!ramp to barrel.0 Interchangeable sight blades avail-0 Enables use of famous KING reflecable in: Plain, Red, White or Goldtor which throws light onto face oposts; Baughman (quick-draw ; sight~excellent for shooting undeUndercut-in I / 10" or l/.q" widths. poor lighting conditions.$7.00 for ramp and one sight blade of your choice. ($2.00 each additional blade:Californians3% Sales TaxHand-made in Liege,RICKY GUNSIGHT CO1017 California Drive, Burlingame, Calif.Manufacturers of King Gun SightsGet those high-flying, 7 to 11 pound Canadian honkers 32" PULL (. FULL (HOKE.with the NEUMANN 10-gauge Magnum-finest shotgun of 3l/;"CHAMBER.AUTOMATICits type made in the world today! Specially designed for 01) NON-EJECTORS. ANSONlong-range pass shooting, this great goose gun will give DEELY ACTION. FOUR WAYyou clean kills at twice the effective range of other CLOSING DEVICE. 11 LBS.guns! Immediate delivery on 4 models.POWDERWESTERN BALL-GivesBuy them from your local dealer.Jobbersthree times longer barrel life.4198 & 4227. 2400 & Hivel #2. ..............His trans-portation cost will be added to these prices.10 to 30 cents per Ib.SPECIAL50 Ib. keg either 4831 or 4895 and 5000Federal primers $53.00: Primers & Ball$59.90. Official Gun Book Free.Our #4676 is all one lot. Very accurate.Western ball (salvage) per Ib. can .......... $ 1.25'.Western ball (salvage) per 100 Ib. keg. ....... 67.50100 Ib. Keg 4895. No. Lot #. ............... 47.60100 Ib. Keg 4831. No Lot # ................ 47.50a I Ib. cans 4895. Lot D-500 .................. 1.10I Ib. bags 4895. No Lot # .................. .90I Ib. baas 4831 (4350 data). No Lot St. .90.......I Ib. cans 4676. Lot #220 .................. 1.25 Hornady, Sierra, Sisk, Speer, Nor-I ~b. 4198 (salvage) .......................... 1.10 BULLETS ma. ~ s for k list.I Ib. bags 50 cal. machine gun. .............. .50B. E. HODGDON, Inc. aI Ib. cans 31131. 4320. 4064. 4350.$2.00'/a lb. cans Bulk Smokeless ................... 1.20Ib. cans 4759. 5066.. ....................... 1.20I# Ib. bags Red Dot .......................... 2.00I Ib. bags Herco .............................. 2.45Unique per can $1.80; Bullseye ............... 1.60Some Alcan powders in stock.Lead Shot: 25 Ib. bag $8.25. 5 Ib. bag.. ....... 1.70PRIMERS, Federal, Winchester and Rem. Rifle &Pistol $8.95 per 1000. #209 & 57 63 $15.00. EmptyPrimed cases in stock including all Norma.All items below Postpaid.Speer Loading manual $2.00. Official Gun Book $2.00.HODCDON Shotshell Reloader. Complete readyfor motor, $18.75. Extra @a. $7.50. Trail Rotarywad cutter $7.50. Shell Ironer $3.00.RELOADING TOOLSLyman, Pacific, RCBS. WilsonMERRIAMKANSAS,tand all climates for any length of time andlot leave any residue or to deteriorate thelarrel. Manufactured for G. H. Daw's Reolversby H. Gladstone & Co., London. In-.tructions for Use~First explode cap onbach nipple to clean them from oil or dust.Strip the white case off the cartridge by~olding the bullet end and tearing it downwith the tape. Place the cartridge in thenouth of the chamber of the cylinder, withhe pointed end of the bullet uppermost oneit a time, and turn them under the rammerarcing them down with the lever belowhe surface of the cylinder. Henry C. Gladtone& Co., 22 Lawrence Pountney Land,London W.C."The container was not dated, but greatamphasis was placed on the medal won athe Exposition in 1862. Hayes patents onhe skin cartridges were taken out in Sepemberof 1856, and included mention ofread reinforcing for the skin or gut usedor the cartridge case.Question Marks"A friend coming out of the army broughtme a package of '5 cartridges, GrenadeAuxiliary M7' made by Frankfort Arsenal.They seem to be some sort of blank, about15 caliber steel case, red top wad. Whilethere is a small hole in the center of thehead, there is no sign of primer, nor connectingflash hole. What kind of a primerdid these take, and how do they work?"M. A., Detroit.This is an odd one. First off. there isn'tany primer nor was there supposed to be.This is actually an auxiliary powder chargefor use in firing the rifle grenade from the30-06 or 30 Ml carbine. This cartridge isplaced in the front end of the grenadelaunching attachment, with the paper wadpointing toward the weapons chamber, theregular grenade launching blank slipped intothe chamber of the gun, and the grenadeplaced on the launcher. The flash from thefiring of the blank ignites the auxiliary cartridge,through the paper wad. Acting likea rocket, it gives the grenade a boost. Inthe 30-06, this would add up to 100 yards tothe range of the grenade."What are some other good. books oncartridges? I already have Logans 'Cartridges'and the two volumes by White Munhallon 'Cartridge Identification'."-M. H.,Tucson, Ariz.You already have the best on collectorscartridges. Others are Johnson & Haven's"Ammunition, Its History, Development andUse," published by William Morrow & 1943. This has quite a bit of good materialreprinted from books and catalogs. JohnAmber's "Ten Rare Old Gun Catalogs" putout by Greenberg in 1952 has 1875 and 1885Winchester catalogs. Dunlap's "OrdnanceWent Up Front" published by Samworth in1948 gives interesting coverage of WW 2cartridges. Simmon's "Wild Cat Cartridges"printed by Morrow in 1947 is good if you gofor that field. Phil Sharpe's "CompleteGuide To Hand Loading" gives much useablecollector data in addition to vast quantitiesof data for hand-loaders. All the above areeither in print, or should be easy to obtainthrough your gun hook dealer.@

THE MYTH OF THE QUICK DRAW(Continued from page 27)top holsters fit carefully around the triggerguard, but expose the fancy handle of thegun.Commercial holsters followed the pattern,either tight and "Mexican" or with a flapcovering the gun to protect it in frontierservice. A gun was valuable; it had to beguarded from weather.First "modern" holster is actually onepopularly believed to have been of the "oldwest." It is the "buscudero" or drop loopholster, often used as a pair, and slung lowon the hips. Tie thongs sometimes straparound the thigh and hold the holster tipsdown. Stiff leather in drop loops and holstersis relied on to keep the holsters from"riding up7' with the guns in drawing. Oneof these outfits was made for Captain A. H.Hardy, then U. S. Border Patrol, by Tio SamMyres of El Paso back in 1910.Buscudero literally means "outlaw" fromthe spanish verb buscar-"to hunt." Carelessmagazine cover artists for the nickel novelsof Ned Buntline and other myth makers areas responsible as anyone for the popular notionthat western outlaws wore their gunson loose belts, slung low and bumping againsttheir knees. Cowboys in town on a spreewould often turn up at the local photographicsalon for a group portrait. Their ownguns had been put away, as practically everycow town had and enforced ordinancesagainst wearing pistols on the street. But thephotographer always kept a good variety to ,borrow. With "prop" revolvers and holsterthey would glower fiercely at the cameraand be recorded for posterity. Some of thesewestern characters simply bristle with guns,so much iron that they would have had difficultyin walking.Send forPATENT U'&O~FATIONINVENTOR'S RECORDOb'igOtiOnREG'sTEREDATTORNEYu~~s%i~;~~;r, IX;I!~N~?Patent Attorney & AdvtsoeGUSTAVE MILLER US. Navy Dept. 1930.194765-AR Warner Buildingw h t 4. . c PATENT LAWYERFITZ GRIPS NOW WALNUT OR ROSEWOOD

NOW!= = = LOAD ANY TUBULAR.22 RIFLE IN SECONDSWITH THEDISPENSERNo more fumblingfor shells.In cold weather,load gun withgloves on.Simple to use.No instructionsneeded, picturesshow how.Loaders made of rust-proof aluminum tubes forlightweight and years of service ... each tube holds10 long rifle cartridges or 12 longs or 15 shorts.Shipped Postage Paid - No C.O.D.'s&Iof 510aders $5.00 DAVIS DISPENSER weatherproofplasti-calf case 3915 Riverside Dr. Chino, CaliforniaISUPL..PECAR 1 BERLIN Vari-Powered ScopesTwo new great scopes to give the Americanshooters the finest in German optics and workmanship.The only vari-powered scopes in which it is possiblefor the shooter to have the correct size reticlefor the power desired.Nils 0. Hultgren, Los Angeles, custom stockmaker:"The Pecar is a fine scope, my customers are realgun nuts and in my sample scopes I have a PecarScope. Their choice is usually the Pecar."Pecar/Berlin binoculars will soon be ready for delivery.Ask your dealer to show you the Pecar Scope. Free Literature.Other Pecar Scopes2% x 64 ..... 52.00Pecar Van-PoweredScopes3x to 7x. . . 95.004x to lox. . .100.00Kriwl~off DriUinffs: In 12w 16 flange with any cali-1m riflf. engrflvirm.7 andmonoqramfi. Send 15 centsfor literature and pricesIirie{,ltoff Agency's open.C h a r 1 e S W . L e a V e 1 1 Sumter, south Carolina-.ww..FR ^TUCKFINISH & FILLER@UW ,.

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Two-toneDiamond gun cloth with thick water repellentcushioning with wraparound handle and fullleneth ziooer.AN UNLOCKED- -GUN CASE ANDA CURIOUS SMALL. .,+,*'-'f*CIDENT THAT COUW HAVEBEEN AV01DED.KOLPIN ZIPPERTYPE GUN-TECTORS FEATURE ALOCKING RING AS SHOWN.Kolpin GUN-TECTORS combinebeautiful craftsmanship, fine a ppearance and faithful service at aprice that brings complete protectionfor fire arms, within thereach of every gun owner.All hive famous VPI rust inhibitor.All have reinforced tips withhanging loop.All rifle sixes fit Id-mount SCOpM.lengths: 40", 44". 46", 46", SO",52".SHOOTERS' SPECIALS!Famous ServiceModels.38 and .45 caliber Smith & Wesson,Colt, ~nfitdd and Webley ~evolvers;.303 British Enfield Service Models, Manufactured byRemington, Winchester and EddystoneAmmunition: 30-06, 303 and 45 ACP.At the Lowest Prices ever offered.Shipped Duty FreeWrite:INTERNATIONAL FIREARMS CO.10 1 1 Bleury Street, Montreal, Que.BARGAINti U N S -. mx -. - m~ - - SCOPES 0 TELESCOPESSoottinm and Telescope objective lenses.Central New England Headquarters forCelestial eyepieces. FREE LITERATURE.ALL Reloading Equipment & ComponentsUNDERWOOD'S Post Road 0 Shrewsbury, Mass.1 REVERE INSTRUMENT COMPANYNEW WALTHER P. P. NEW PRF /edWAR quality Superbly balanced.Precision manufactured. ABSO-LUTE SAFETY. No accidental firin&Ready aqa revolver with DOU-BLE ACTION. OUTSIDE SAFETYand INSIDE AUTOMATIC SAFETY. SIGNAL PIN. EX-POSED HAMMER.Extensiontingermagaiineforincreasedaccuracy. Home protection, sidearms for law enforcemem. ;campinf, hunting. SAFE! Add $10 for nickelplate model;P.P. 32 or ,380 4. blue $57.50 P.P. .22 LR him $62.50NEW P.P.K. Smaller version of the P.P. with samesafety features. Compactand lightweight. Excellent for law enforcement and necessity for concealedprotection. Immediate takedown. Stationary barrel for highestacmrac".P.P.K. 32 or.380 blue .. . . ..... ... ............. ... $60P.P.K. 32 FMlhl~welgM-blue Dural Frame 117 ex.). ......... .. $70P.P.K. .22LR blue.P.P. K. 22lR ~eathewelg&ide b&l &Liii ki.'.'I target sichti. Matted d, &.ÃI --: : : 1: : i:Choice of 6" or 8"barrel. Adimstable. m e a h -722 - ,k-^Jlutesafetiesas with all-Terrestrial a11 5880 Hollywood Blvd., Los Angeles 28, CaliforniaHOLLOW GROUND SCREWDRIVERSFor Gunsmiths-ToFit Gun ScrewsA set of 7 Spring Steel Screwdrivers, accurately hollow(or straight) ground, to fit sight screws, guardscrew floorplate, etc. Hand-forged and guaranteednot to'twist or chip. Wood handles $5.50Post Paid.Special DeLux Set with Pvrolyn Handles and Chromeits (Presentation Set) $12.50.REGULAR SCREWDRIVERS9 REGULAR Screwdrivers (NOT HOLLOW GROUND!.Blades 1,s x 2 to 5/16 x 10". Guaranteed not totwist or chip.No. R.9 Wood Handles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S 5.50 P.P.No. P.R.9 Pyrotyn unbreakable Handles . .$11.00 P.P.GUNSMITH PUNCH SET5 pin punches, one darter punch and one canterpunch. Mounted in a hardwood block holder. 7Punches with Holder $3.50 Post Paid.Send for our Catalog on Qunsrnoth Hand Tools.Grace Metal Products, Elk Rapids, Mich.not enough to warrant drawing a gun on acitizen. Also is it not wise to tip off observersthat plainclothesmen are walkingaround, by having men in business suitswith guns in their hands on view.One of the best modern holsters for thedetective is a simple device dreamed up byKen Medley of Sherman Oaks, California.Medley has been a courier for top-secret materialfor a number of years, and was familiarwith outmoded types of holsters. Carryinga 2" barreled S&W was to him a problem,for if an ordinary holster were cut lowenough to make the gun handy, the short2" barrel wouldn't have enough grip to holdthe gun in the holster at all and he wouldlose it.Medley's holster improvement on whichhe is getting patents uses a bristle brushinside the holster to keep the gun in. Passingentirely through the cylinder, where onechamber has been left empty, this brush foldsits bristles to resist pulling the gun out. Ifa firm hold on the grip is followed by agood yank to the gun, it comes free butotherwise it is entirely secure. The brushstays in the holster. In returning the gunto the holster, the muzzle easily slips overthe brush. No top strap, springs, or otherfancy work is needed, but the gun is heldready in an instant.Since the brush can be kept lightly oiled,it even cleans the gun while you carry it.In the course of time the brush will wearand need replacing. Outside the holsterlooks like any other. The popular makes ofholster by Myres, Heiser, Lawrence and othersaddlery companies can be fitted with Medley'sdesign at the factory.While gun designs continue to improve,holster designs change, too. Medley's ideais one of the newest. Another is even moresimple, doing away with the leather coveringentirely. Designed for an automatic, itincludes a plug to go into the muzzle anda spring washer which pushes up on the muzzlewhen the gun is bolstered. At the backof the grip a small hook catches the handleof the gun. Drawing a pistol is a simplemotion of pushing down and forward on thegun, as simple as swinging your arm.The ideal in pistol shooting is "to makethe gun seem like an extension of yourhand." In holsters, that too would be alogical evolution. But to find this we haveto go back a few years, to assassins and murdererswho actually carried their gunswrapped up in a bandage, really "an extensionof the hand." Nothing beats havingyour gun ready in your hand when you needit. The quick draw is a poor substitute forforesight.@PHOTO CREDITS&Warner Bros., Robert Lucas; 12-Sterling Marcher;13ÑSmit & Wesson, Colt; 14ÑSterlin Marcher; 15-N. Y. Police Dept., Detroit Times; 16ÑChicag TribuneSyndicate, George Kufrln; 17ÑGeorg Kufrin; 18ÑChicago Tribune Syndicate; 19ÑChicag Tribune Syndicate,George Kufrin; 20ÑBausc & Lomb, United Press; 21-United Press; 22-United Press, Bausch & Lomb; 23-Bausch & Lomb; 24ÑUnite Press; 25ÑSta Holden;26-Stan Holden, Berns-Martin; 27-Stan Holden, MyresSaddlery Co., Berns-Martin Firearms International Corp.;28 to 30ÑUnite Press; 31ÑGeorg Kufrin, MartinRotker; 32-McCandless; 34, 35ÑCar Breihan; 36-Andy Palmer, Carl Breihan; 37-Putnam Suns; 3B-Modern Man; 39ÑSmit & Wesson, Colt; 40ÑModerMan; 44-StanHolden

JESSE JAMES(Continued from page 37)well on his way to a life of crime.On St. Valentine's Day of 1866 JesseJames pulled his first bank robbery. It wasmarked by a take of nearly $75,000Ñanthe death of an innocent boy named Wymorekilled by the bandits as he walked to school.His family received a note expressing sympathyand regret, stating it was an accident.The note was signed with the namesof Jesse and Frank James.Half a year later, in October, four banditstook $2,000 from the Alexander Mitchell& Company office, in Lexington, Mo.On March 2, 1867, the private bank ofJudge William McLain of Savannah, Mo., wasinvaded by bandits. Judge McLain was severelywounded but recovered.Other holdups occurred throughout themiddle west done by the James gang andhis associates, the Youngers. But Jessefirst made history by robbing a train. OnJuly 21, 1954, the citizens of Adair, Iowa,commemorated this incident by erecting aplaque on the scene of the crime, bearingthese words:Site of the first Train Robberyin the west, committed by thenotorious Jesse James and hisgang of outlaws, July 21, 1873.Jesse had learned that the train was carrying$100,000 in gold. Too tempting to letgo by, the novelty of a train robbery excitedhis imagination. The site picked wason a slight grade of the Chicago, Rock Island& Pacific road a mile and a half westof Adair. The bandits loosened a rail andtied a rope to it. As the engine neared theloosened track, the robbers pulled the rope,spreading the rails. The engine toppledover, killing the engineer and injuring thefireman. The outlaws broke into the expresscar and learned that the train carrying thegold was not due until the next morning:Jesse had robbed the wrong train!While officials everywhere were rousedagainst them, ordinary citizens cared little.The James boys robbed banks and railroads,not people-who cared? Thus did Jessebegin to acquire the mantel of "Robin Hood,"although there is no evidence that he madeany practice of helping the poor. Bank robberiesand stage holdups varied by trainrobberies continued for years. The Pinkertonagency in Chicago sent several men after him.Rewards started at "for the arrestconviction of Jesse James." Pretty soon theywere $25,000, dead or alive. Jesse James waswanted by the law in a dozen states.By 1880, Jesse's adventures were punctuatedwith periods of quiet, while he livedunder an assumed name, moving from townto town when they began to suspect who hewas.In Kansas City, where he assumed thename "T. J. Jackson," Jesse became worriedthat his identity would be given awayby talkative Ed Miller. A one-time memberof his gang, Miller knew too much. But suddenlyMiller could talk no more. Killed inSaline county, it was rumored that JesseJames personally had acted as executioner.With Miller dead, another gang associatebecame a threat. This was Jim Cummins,who was never proved to have been a mem-Dealers OnlyWholesale Only'WSL do not, mmftsis. with. CJUA, (DsaJsAi."HARLES DALSHIPS PREPAIDSHOTGUNS and RIFLESPISTOLSSCOPESandRELOADSBEAR CUB 6X DOUBLE LIST - 79.50BEAR CUB 4X DOUBLE LIST - 59.50Send forAvailabilityListFamous One Stop Service for AllYour Customer's Shooting Requirements.BEAR CUB 2 3/4 LIST 45.00LARGEST STOCK OF STANDARD BRANDSSend for Availability ListDEALERS: We Trade - Write uswhat you want and what you have!DEALERS: We supply guns on affidavit for law enforcementagencies. Let us help you get this EXTRA business!WE PREPAY WE PREPAY WE PREPAYCHARLES DALY, INC.Dept. GI Lyric 2-7586Elmsford, New York1 SPORTSMEN.. - - ...... 1DELUXEPIGSKIN GUN CASEHere is a gun case that is hand tailoredto fit any gun. Constructed from genuinemported pigskin, processed in this countryand colored into Saddle Tan. Extremelytough leathsr double nylon stitched,well padded and lined with your choiceof Hunter Red or Forest Green treatedrod. compensator, scope, etc. With normaluse will last a lifetime. If you are asportsman who has an appreciation forthing beyond the commonplace, write forilltistrated CATALOG-G of many otheri t "ited to the needs of the discrimmnattngsportsman.WOOD-LANDSPORTING GOODSBOX 41 5 JOHNSTOWN, N. Y.

MODEL 1917CAL. 45 A.C.P.ARSENAL OVERHAULEDGENUINE COLT REVOLVERS(Not worked-over 455's)Two half-moon clips included FREEAll guns have been arsenal overhauled. Dull finish, 5%''barrels, tight actions. Good shooters and backed by our LIFETIME BUY!money back guarantee!WITH PLAIN WOOD GRIPS.. .........$24.95$3WITH STAG GRIPS, AS ILLUSTRATED.. ...............(Stag grips not sold separately at this price)-'¥ola1-90HOLSTERS-sold with gun only-s~EcI~~ COWHIDE, (a $7.50 value), only $3.95. Or FANCY CARVEDLEATHER HOLSTERS (a $14.00 value), only $6.95. None sold separately at these special Prices.*IMPORTANT: Send pistol affadavit with order. All pistols shipped by express.1 WE CAN SUPPLY THE FOLLOWING NEW PARTS TO CONVERT THE ABOVE GUNS TO OTHER 1CALIBERS:New Service BAfRELS :...........45 L. Colt 5y2" ....................................$ 7.50New Service &A RELS ...........38 Special 357 Magnum 4" & 6" .....................$ 7.50New Service CYLINDER ...........3k Special 357 Mag. and 45 Colt ....................$12.50HAMMERS NEW ................................................................... $ 5.75MAINSPRINGS, NEW ............................................................... .$ 1.25COLT 191 1 CLIPS, New ......................... $1.29 each. .........per doz $10.00HAMMERS, Each ...................$1.29 each.. ........per doz $10.00AUTO PARTS SEARS, Each ........................$ .99 each.. ........per doz $ 6.95Handloaders AttentionWe are currently manufacturing four very fineproducts listed here.The Little Dripper .....................$2.25For adding those last few trains to the Scale Dan.The Mcz-U-Rite Powder Measurer .......$1.65The only low ~riced Dowder measurer on the market-works too.The Multi-Mezur ..................... .$9.95For pistol shootersÑthrow 20 perfect charges atonce-no chance of double charge.Varmint Rest ......................... .$3.95Made to telescope from light aluminum for eitherDrone or sitting shots. Weighs about eight ounces.Write for details. Dealers contact your jobbersor order direct.1 SHOOTERS ACCESSORY SUPPLYBox 205, Dept. NNorth Bend, OregonFREE CATALOGCUSTOM MADEa THE BESTSINCE 1897P. 0. BOX 5247EL PASO, TEXASWANTAJOB?Restless - dissatisfied - unhappyin your present job? Like tomake a well-planned changeand reallv do something about"our future? You can find theperfect job if you know how.For expert guidance read "A~pd.BETTER BETTER joy only $1.00Satisfaction guaranteed.B&E Guidance Serviceb Box 398-A Portales, N. M.You - GET the varmint everytime with the newKIMST BIPOD-Desianed for Varmint HuntersProvides the steady support needed for thelog hot. Pays for itself with more hits!Few misses! Fits all rifles. Cannot mar.Adjustable for height. Non-slip rubber tips.NO"-glare Black wrinkle finish. Has hookfor carrying on belt. Made of aluminum,wciohs onlv 6 oz. Sent postpaid 01 a< e y backguarantee.0r.i-r$3.98with Beaver-Heighttail Cradle$4.75SEE THE KRUST BIPOD AT "YOUR DEALEROR WRITE DIRECTW. KRUST & CO. RD. 1, BOX G237, OSSINING, N. Yber of Jesse's select company, but knew a1 ot about its operations. When Jesse learnedt hat Jim was too noisy, he and Dick Liddil¥base Cummins into Arkansas, trying to,hoot him.Jim dodged back into Missouri, and hidbut at the home of Bill Ford, an uncle of3ob Ford. A wise hunch that Jesse might-ie catching up to him scared Cumminsiway. Just as he had ridden off, Jesse and.iddil rounded a bend leading to the Fordlome. Bill's wife. Artella (who was Cumnin'ssister), and her 15-year-old son wereit home alone. Jesse and Liddil took theioy into the woods and tortured him almosto death, trying to force some informationibout Cummins from him.Apparently the Fords' active hatred forFesse began at this time. On December 4,1881, Jesse's favorite cousin Wood Hite wastilled in argument over division of the takeUter the Blue Cut, Missouri, train robbery.1'his "accident" occurred at the home ofI. T. Ford, father of Bob Ford.After the unsuccessful chase of Jim Cummins,Jesse decided to move again-his finalmove-to St. Joseph. Mo. There he appearedis "Thomas Howard." who rented a houseat Lafayette and 21st Streets. Shortly afterhe moved to another rented house at 1381Lafayette.Jesse tried to live anonymously, but hispurpose was not to go straight. Rather, hewas biding his time and trying to recruita new gang. Not recognizing that the Fordbrothers hated him for his inhuman treatmentof Bill Ford's son, and, feared himbecause of the killing of Wood Hite, Jessetried to enlist them in his gang. Jesse andCharley Ford met at St. Joseph to plan arobbery in Platte City, Mo. And whileCharley Ford and Jesse were planning robbery,Bob Ford was in Kansas City planningmurder.Charley had been living in Jesse's homeas a "relative," along with Jesse's mother.Mrs. Samuel, and his wife Zerelda. Bob Fordwas added to the group, house guest of theman he was determined to murder.April 3, 1882 was a bright warm spring dayon the hill where Jesse lived with his familyand entertained his two friends. Jesse's wifewas not feeling well, so he pitched in andhelped to do the household chores. At aboutnine o'clock in the morning Jesse and Charleywent into the living room, where Bob wassitting.Alert, ever mindful of his enemies outsidesearching for him, Jesse wore his gunbelt.The day was growing warmer and Jesse tookoff his coat. Lest pedestrians on the streetlook into his window and see the innocuous"Mr. Howard'" walking around the housewearing pistols, he unstrapped his guns andlaid them on a bed.Jesse then took up a dusting brush andstepped on a chair to clean a picture andstraighten the frame. While the world's mostrenowned outlaw was engaged in this bit ofspring cleaning, Bob Ford drew his revolverand sent a slug crashing through Jesse'shead.Most accounts of the shooting say thatthe bullet entered the base of Jesse's skull atthe back of the bead and emerged over theleft eye. This is plain inference that Jessewas shot in the back, but this is not exactlytrue. Re-examination of the testimony given

UNQUESTIONABLYTHE FINEST!THE SUPERBLY ACCURATER. B. MARK IANTI-TANK RIFLEHUNDREDS SOLD! UNIVERSALLY AC-CLAIMED! UNCONDITIONALLY PRAISED!These magnificent weapons (World's most powerful cartridge arm)have already more than justified SSS's predictions when we firstbrought them to America's fortunate buyers. Superb quality loriginalcost about $1200) and precision workmanship have produceda weapon of unsurpassed interest and utility. The gigantic 0.55calibre 926-grain bullet will penetrate fantastic obstacles likebutter, yet the hyper-efficient muzzle brake and gentle soft rubberrecoil pad make this beautiful gun a supreme pleasure to shootagainand again. 63 inches long and a weight of only 33 Ibs., includingadjustable bipod, make this weapon easily portable anywhere.CHECK THESE OUTSTANDING ADVANTAGES:1. Repeating, mogazine fed. Six shots before re-loading anew magazine in two seconds.2. Practical combat rifle range, identical with any modernfine military rifle.3. Ammunition is inexpensive and absolutely safe to storeand handle.4. Rifle accuracy, no fluctuating erratic fin stabilized projectile.5. Completely reliable under any weather or service conditions.6. No special training required (any rifleman can operateit).7. May be fired from the prone position at long range.8. Combat and tactically proved in World War II.9. Finest material and construction standards.NOW AVAILABLE IN THREE SPECIAL MODELS!1. Made in England by BAA. $ 98.502. Made in North America $1 08.503. Rare Model marked "US. Gov't Property, brand-new,never fired with special bipod and 5-baffle muzzlebrake $1 25.00AMMUNITION FOR THE ABOVE:Ten rounds per box.......................$9.50 fACCESSORIES: Superb kit of special accessories (no rifle completewithout these valuable items) contains breech cover, dismountingtool, cleaning rod, magazine carrying case and 7 extra5-shot magazines. Per kit complete. .................... .$9.50Send lOc (unused U.S. Postage Stamps accepted) in a stampedself-addressed envelope for fabulous list of over 100,000 spare partsfor R.B.Mk.1 Rifles.TERMS OF SALE: A check or money order for the full amountmust accompany all orders for ammunition. C.O.D. orders for theR. B. Mark 1 Rifles will be accepted if accompanied by a 33!/3%deposit. Unconditional 10-day money back guarantee if item isreturned prepaid in same condition shipped. (Maryland residentsplease add 2% State Sales Tax to remittance).CONDITION: All guns at least "very good" outside and "excellent"bores. SSS still furnishes finely made ordnance chest free.You asked for best quality caliber .30 M2 and8MM Mauser ammo at prices you can afford.SSS now offers it to you at world's lowest prices.CALIBER .30 M2 BALL: Packed in 20-roundcommercial type boxes, taken from sealed U. S.Govt. shipping cases. Finest quality-and at anew record low price - only $6.00 per 100rounds, or our special rate of only $81 .OO perwooden case of 1500 rds. in vacuum-sealed container.CALIBER 8MM MAUSER: Packed in oriainalGerman 15-round cartons and made in Germany'sfinest factories-some bear labels suchas RWS and DWM. The bullets are a true 0.323diameter, 175-gr. boat-tail design. Componentsalone worth our special price! This ammo is thevery best quality German Military Issue, madewhen standards were high. Only $6.00 per 100rounds. Or, a Super-special price of only $81 .OOper wooden case, (superb ammo cases), lot ofAmmo Sold only in 100-round units.All prices FOB CollegeSUPER SPE I A L S America's LargestSelectionsThompson 20-shot clips ...............$ 3.50 ea.Luger 32-shot drums .................$ 9.95 ea.Thompson 50-shot drum magazines ..... $12.95 ea.Rare Thompson 100-shot drummagazines ........................ $16.95 ea.COLLECTORS: These came a long way (and not from an oldstable, as we do not sell stable gleanings.) But you do have togo a long way to beat these values.SUPER SPECIAL BUY!SOUTHEASTERN has made a super special buy ofU. S. MI920 CIRCULAR GUN RACKS from theUSMC. These racks, which must have cost UncleSam nearly $100.00 each, are made of steel andbronze for lasting durability. Made to hold 20 Car-bines but rack is adaptable for all types of longarms.* A Super Special Buy-only $19.95, fob CollegePark, Md.-while limited supply lasts.*Dimensions: Height 35", base diameter 27". Shipping wt.about 700 Ibs.IMPORTANT!Watch our ads in the succeeding issuesof Guns for scarce items of superb quality and fantasticlow prices.ALL PRICES F.O.B. COLLEGE PARK, MARYLANDSOUTHEASTERN SHOOTERS SUPPLY COz^',5MD.

~ ..ANTIQUE GUNS. EDGED WEAPONS, SWORD 1SHOOTING CANES lor sale in 172 pqe cot01~nfirencelook. PHOTOILLUSTRATED. completel

More to the point, he did not kill 19 menbetween 1876 when the gun was new andsix years later when he met his death.The Smith & Wesson revolver owned byBaltimorean Lingenfelder has a differenthistory.. . one which begins in the jail whereBob and Charley Ford were incarcerated bySt. Jo marshal Enos Craig. Warrants weresworn out by Zerelda James right after thekilling, and Craig acted on them. Whileawaiting trial, the Fords were often visitedin the St. Jo jail by the marshall's son,Corydon F. Craig. The Fords were foundguilty of murder, and were sentenced tobe hanged. But Governor Crittenden pardonedthem.While they were in jail, Corydon Craig hadbrought them cigarettes and things to eat,for they were a little different from theordinary run of St. Jo jailbirds. EventuallyBob gave young Craig the gun with whichhe had shot Jesse James. This was a Smith &Wesson No. 3 or "American" model, nickelplated, 6%" barrel, .44 caliber, serial numbr3766.Said Bob Ford at the inquest: "I saw thatall was done for with Jesse when I saw thatheavy Smith & Wesson slug hit him in thehead." Some might argue that Bob wastalking about a gun chambered for a Smith& Wesson cartridge. Charley Ford furnishedthe clincher: "Bob had a Smith & Wessonrevolver and it was easier for him to get itout of his pocket, so he got in the first shot."Substantially this is true, for the S&W"American" No. 3 is not a pocket revolver,but the low hammer spur and small gripwould make it easier to draw than otherstyles of gun.Some years later Corydon F. Craig wasin Baltimore. He knew James A. Gary, whowas postmaster general under President Mc-Kinley. In Gary's office Craig asked for asmall loan. Gary asked if he had anycollateral, and Craig said "Yes, I have therevolver that Bob Ford used to kill JesseJames."Mr. Gary . replied . "I wouldn't have it asa gift."E. Stanlev Garv shared his father's office.. ,- -and became interested in the gun. He boughtit from Craig and at that time learned itshistory. In Springfield, Mass., Gary took thegun to Smith & Wesson who obligingly engravedon it: "Bob Ford killed Jesse Jameswith this revolver at St. Joseph, Mo., 1882."The gun now is owned by Henry Lingenfelder.He has sworn affidavits from Cory-don Craig relating the gun's history.To-gether with the court records, this shouldsettle the "Jesse James death gun" question.But the question of the gun is almostunimportant beside the larger fact of JesseJames. His ghost will never be settled, forJesse James is kept alive by songs, murals,movies and the "20,000 guns" circulatingaround as firearms he once used. Old gunsof little value but scratched "JJ" are naturalsfor conversion to Jesse James guns by unscrupulousdealers. Without any documentation,it is difficult to prove that any belongedto Jesse . . . or didn't belong tohim. Most of them are worn-out Navy Coltsor busted-up Single Actions that verge onjunk condition. Normally they might beworth $30 to $50 but with the legend ofJesse James on the price tag, the sky is thelimit.@This is the only-of-its-kind Gun Encyclopedia which, since 1951, has been serving those whosevocation or avocation includes Firearms.. .Collectors, Dealers, Gunsmiths, Libraries, Manufacturers,etc., throughout the world, are finding the Firearms Directory more and more valuable.Police laboratories from Scotland to Singapore use the Firearms Directory!Since its inception, The Firearms Directory has grown each year by means of additions andrevisions, to the extent that it now weighs more than six 16) pounds!PROFUSELY 'LLUSTRATED-THOUSANDSOF ILLUSTRATIONS!The unique maintenance service, consisting of additional new material and revisions, solves the'obsolete book" problzm-The FIREARMS DIRECTORY IS ALWAYS UP TO DATE, AND THE MAINTE-NANCE SERVICE KEEPS iT THAT WAY; there is nothing else like it in the Firearms field.THE FIREARMS DIRECTORY IS DIVIDED INTO SIXTEEN SEPARATE SECTIONS:BOOKS md FUBlCAIIONS GLOSSARY PATENTSCLUBS and RANGES GUNSMITHS FISTOLSCODES and PROOF MARKS IDENrIflCAIION RIflFSDEALERS LABORATORIES SHOTGUNSFIRFARMS, MISCELLANEOUS LEGAL TECHNICAL NOTESMANUfACrUWRS wid IMPORIERSAppropriate material, contained in the above classifications, is continually added toforexample, the "PISTOL ATLAS" (pp. 34-35, FIREARMS IDENTIFICATION, J. S. Hatcher)long unavailable, will be at YOUR hand as a Firearms Directory owner. . .Also, eachpotent in the Firearms field is extracted with illustrations and and included in the annualsupplement. . . And, of course, our world famous Isometric Drawings-of which we nowhove sixty-seven-all to be included in the Firearms Directory! These range from theCollier Flintlock Revolver and Patterson Colt through the modern outomatics-Truly awealth of material nowhere else available.EACH F/D COMES TO YOU IN A SPECIALLY OESIGNEO, CUSTOM BUILT. TENGWALL BINDER!hamine it ?%& at your local Library, or order your own copy now.. .PRICE-Including Revision Service for Current Yeor-UNITED STATES: $20.00 FOREIGN: $22.00EXICAN SAFARISStrange, unusual places,people, game, fish. Satisfactionand resultsguaranteed. Send $1 .OOfor oostaae and fullv illustrated booklet withcomplete information.'TEX PURVIS DE MEXICO, S. A. OUTFITTERSAv. Juarez 64-1101-4-E, Mexico I, D. F.Authorized & Approved by the Fed. Govt. of MexicoRUGER SLIDE LOCKKeeps Bolts Open After Last ShotFITS ALL MODELS-NO TOOLS NEEDED.. .$2.00RAY COUTUBox 360Willimantic, Conn.,------------ III THE IIIIINEWIIPATENT PENDING 1IMUZZLEI BRAKE ,I Tiny, but POTENT! Custam-fitted to look like,I and actually be, part of your rifle barrel. Write :1 for folder. I

DICK TRACY(Continued from page 19)AT YOUR DEALERSOR WRITE DIRECT. .TARGET RANGETWO-WAY TELEPHONES!Home - ranch - industrial. String wire.n e c t to phones, ring and talk up to20 miles. Perfect performance-hattlefieldproven.Kellogg Mag.-S Bar Wall Phone withhandset. Each. ...$22.50p p i ............... $42.50EE8 Field Phones-UsedÑCompietely checked out.Each.$lS.00.........P air ......... $29.5043 DIFFERENT BULLETS - Accepted Everywhere for DependablePerformance. Many popular types: spitzer soft point,round nose, flat nose cannelured for game, varmint or target.Tops for accuracy.. flat trajectory. . and reliable expansion.'Tops' with sportsmen all over the world.'-.--------------FIRST EDITION . . AND ALREADY IT'S TOPS' - Contains theEXACTING information everv handloader has asked for.. aninvaluable reference book . . fully illustrated handloodinginstructions . . over 1650 actual chronqraphed loads . .covers 37 different cartridges . . ballistic tables and loadingdata . . yours for just $2.00.-.------,--------3 FOR PERFECT GUN CARE - s m PATCHES ARE Tow...NEW special silicone oil treated . . prevents rust and borecorrosion. . lubricates for smooth operation . . protects exteriorgun surfaces . . effective at all temperatures and willnot evaporate. Rifle sizes: .22 - .270 and .270 - .35 Cal.,NEW SURPLUSÑJUS RELEASEDOn original factory steel reels. Forcommunications, blasting.,Hundreds of other uses.WI IOB 18 ga. 2-conductor insulatedcopper-steel conductors. Unused. likenew, 1 mile reels (5.2SO ft.) $11.50% mile reels (2,640 ft.) $10.00- -Other wire and phones not listed.WRITE FOR FREE FOLDER.BRAND NEW (I g;~$R;;oo~;m$$~ tg;: BRAND NEW Latest Signal Cornsi dconductor insulated heavy plastic-vinyl% mile reels. ....Wire l,%!ZSend check or m.0.-noc.0.d.'~-LORIS SALES P.O. BOX 1896-~7, sacramento, ~alifornia glig$~ -ady3$pyax:Ievery pencil pusher in the advertising trade,Gould harbored a desire really to be anartist, to create something. It didn't have tobe "great art" but it had to be all his own.For some time he had toyed with the ideaof a comic strip, but never got anywhere.With the echoes of the St. Valentine's Daymassacre still in the ears of honest Chicagoans,Gould got his inspiration. His stripwould be about a real-life detective characternamed "Dick Tracy."He sketched out a couple of panels,roughed out his idea, and sent them off toJoseph M. Patterson, New York News publisher.Patterson, a couzin of the ChicagoTribune's Colonel Robert R. McCormick,had gone to New York to start somethingnew, a paper modeled after the British tabloids.One of Patterson's remarkable abilitieswhich boomed his paper to No. 1 in circulationin the US. was his ability to "get thefeel of the people" and put into his paperwhat the people wanted."Dick Tracy is to be a modern SherlockHolmes," wrote Gould to Patterson, "andeven his looks will show that. He has astrong, square jaw, and a beaked nose, justlike the 'typical' image of a detective. Andhe's the kind of cop who shoots first andasks questions afterwards, because he knowshe's in the right ... none of this businessof letting the crooked courts release aprisoner for no reason at all."Gould was fired with a crusading zeal.Actually, the police officer who "shot firstand asked questions later" would not lastlong in any department nowadays. Gouldsaw things a little d,ifferently."I tried to present Dick Tracy as a realcop," Gould told me, "an everyday typedetective doing his job honestly and efficiently,and with a zeal which would keep himalways on the right side of the law. I wantedDick Tracy to offer both entertainment andinformation. If ~eople realized more about.:he workings of a big city police departnent,things might get a little easier for thesood guys and tougher for the bad ones. Dick1'racy was to reveal the problems of lawinforcement as they really were, and presenthe police officer in a sympathetic light, just3 plain guy trying to do his job right, againsthe pressures of crooks from one side andthe need to make a living from the other." @

WHAT'S WRONG WITH GUN LAWS(Continued from page 31)gun on the premises would be enough toslow down the usual heist man.When the storekeeper does get a gun,things pop. That happened in a Chicagodelicatessen a while ago. After being heldup twice in a row, the owner got riled anddecided to wait up for the third time-witha .45 automatic! Sure enough, a third holdupattempt occurred as the store owner waswaiting in the back room. He got the holdupman in the arm with one shot and held himuntil the police arrived. On the South Side,another groceryman waited until the robberhad left his store, then ran to the street anddropped him in the middle of the road.Unfortunately the papers don't give muchspace to incidents like this, where honestcitizens use guns to protect themselves, butit happens every day. When law enforcementbreaks down, honest citizens are boundto take steps to defend themselves againstcriminals.For my money, that's the way it should be.As I do my duty, whether it be detectivework, or policing a beat, I'd like to have achance of finding help almost anywhere ifI need it. I'd like to know that there were~eople willing and able to fight crime alongwith the duly-appointed law-enforcementofficers.Actually, the anti-gun people and the proguncrowd, which includes the organizedsport shooters of the country, are workingtoward one common goal-thesuppressionof crime. It is pretty stupid to work apartthe way things are so far. The people behindthe anti-gun laws include many with goodintentions. There are police catpains I know,men who have worked themselves up fromthe ranks and really know the score. Butthey deal with crooks so long and so muchthat sometimes they lose sight of the factthat most of the people who own guns arenot crooks . . . not by a long shot. Theselawmen are pushed up against the wall bydo-good civic groups, "crime commissions,"and other types of active but misinformedassociations. These people only need to knowthe complete facts to make the wise choiceindependently. But there are some otherpeople behind anti-gun legislation that youcan't talk to.In California several years back a billwas put up in the legislature to requireregistration of all firearms. The man whostood up in the committee meeting andtalked about how good this law was andhow it would cut down crime was the localCommunist Party chairman!Some of the anti-gun people aren't evenas "honest" as the Communist backers. Theirattitude borders close on the crackpot andI'm sorry to say a few are policemen. I wason duty in City Hall when one of the sergeantsstopped by. We were talking when afellow came up and asked the way to thedetective bureau. The sergeant asked him"Why" and the fellow said he wanted to seeabout a permit to carry a gun. The sergeantreally blew his cork then. "What do youwant to carry a gun for, you got no rightto carry a gun, no right at all." Wisely, theman said nothing but went away while thesergeant turned to me and gave me a longlecture on the evils of guns. The point ofhis lecture was: "If there were no moreguns, there wouldn't be any more crooks."Reasonable?Yeah, I found out how reasonable it wasone night on plainclothes duty. I was ina tavern and went into the john. A fellowin an overcoat followed me in and openedhis coat. "Wanta buy a gun?" he asked.His coat was lined with ten or twelvepistols in little pockets, including a nearlynew .38 Smith & Wesson M&P revolver-areal nice one. I know-I sometimes carry italternate with my Colt.The judge tossed the rest of the guns intothe lake. That boy's still serving time andif I had my way he'd never get out!But what about the law? Well, we have theFederal law. He could be convicted on atleast two counts, dealing in firearms at retailwithout a $1 federal dealers license, andfailing to keep proper records. Since it is asure bet that his guns were stolen, and probablythat at least one was transported acrossa state line, there would be two more. Consecutivesentences would have run up intomany years. But what happened? All he gotwas six months to a year for selling a gunwithout a license. And I'm just a policeman.I don't make up the court charges or sentencethem, all I do is give evidence.There is a kind of law which would work.It is the kind of law which would put someaction into J. Edgar Hoover's remark aboutbank robbing: "By making the offense morehazardous to the criminal, we can reversethe trend of this vicious crime." But is bankrobbing any more vicious a crime thanslugging and robbing someone on a darkstreet? How much more then should Mr,Hoover's remark apply to the ordinary guyprotecting himself against attack or burglary?A whole lot more.This new law would satisfy the fellows whoare against gun licenses and registration, andit would also be a real law which wouldwork for the police instead of actual13against them like the Sullivan Laws today.This law would permit an ordinary citizerto own as many guns as he wanted-thertwould be no restriction at all, except submachine guns and machine guns would b(registered for a $1 fee. Some people willclaim this is really radical. Even the proguncrowd think this is too big a bite tochew.But what really happens? You can own anoperating machine gun today, if you registerit and the $200 transfer tax is paid on it.The idea in 1934 when the law was firstpassed was to discourage crooks from buyingthem because of the tax. But we all knowwhat happens today. Some ex-GI, not wantingto go through the investigation that thefederal boys will give him if he turns it in.simply dumps his German "souvenir" somewherefor fifteen or twenty bucks. We tracedone such gun through the hands of a bartender,who sold it for $175. The man wegot it from was simply a "businessman,'waiting around the corner from a count}bank in his car till just before closing timeHe wanted to get a profit on his investmentjust like the bank robber in Queens.There are a few people who work wit1machine guns legally. One is the man whaSomething New -3he.HIDE-AWAYHOLSTERThis is what thev see Here's a re-11~GOOD new thing--. . . the HIDEAWAY H O ISTER, for lawofficers, gun enthusiastsandeveryone whowants a reallspractical, convenientHIDEAWAYholster for a per.sonal gun.Handcrafted tcspecifically fit an]type hand gutyou request. Invisiblewhen yoiwant it to beDoesn't bulgekick your ribs 01wear out your letThis is what you k n o w-no ---.Dept. H.B&J LeatherGoods Go.P.O. Box 990Brownsville,TexasCoerg Holster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$I 1.95Coerg Cartridge Carrier (for shoulderhlstr.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$3.75(Holster & Carrier as a unit $1.00 less)Coerg Hollow Pointer-Used to hollowpoint revolver lead cartrid es.. ..$3.50Designed by a hunter-for a hunter. Add &c for psme.GOERG ENTERPRISES,Alfred J. Cocrg, Mgr.609 South Vine St. Port Angeles, Wash.DON'T GET LOST!LEARN TO USE MAP AND COMPASS CORRECTLY.... tost complete pocket-size iiook ever writtenon niaus and rotnuasses. 144 vwes of Dracticalmap and coin~ass methods used by foresters,smoke-chasers, hunters, fishermen.Easy-to-understand. Fully illustrated.Tells how to: Orient a map. Plot acourse to CamD. Locate your mitionin the field. Order today! Mail onty.arters Manual Company, $1 SOP. 0. Box 186, Estacada, Oregon Dept. G PP~.

CONVERT YOUR RIFLE TO A "STREAMLINER" LIGHTWEIGHTdons for Springfield, Model 70, 98 or FN Mauser, and HVA.ATTENTION:GUNSMITHS AND AMATEUR STOCK MAKERSFOROTHER ULTRA-FINE STOCKS AND HANDSOME SPORTERS WRITE:ANTHONY GUYMON, I NC.WHOLESALE - RETAILGUNS SCOPESReloading Tools 0 BinocularsCameras 0 Home Shop ToolsHome Appliances 0 OutboardMotors 0 Boats TentsSleeping Bags 0 ArcheryFishing TackleFREE CATALOGEsRAY ROUSH, Box 66, Hoagland, Indiana1 RELOAD and SAVEWITH1 B&M STRAIGHTLINE1 Quick 0 Easy FunIB & M offers the greatest advance in reloading tools.Makes for inure accurate shooting. Easy to operate.Safe to use. Moderately priced. 35 years of successfulproduction behind each piece of equipment.B & M MODEL 28 RELOADING TOOLped with bullet seatermcnt. 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Easy to use.srONLY s33-S0AT YOUR DEALER S OR DIRECT FROM USWOLLENSAK OPTICAL CO. ROCHESTER 21, N. Y.7 \mpplies guns to the movies, thinks that theax and red tape has driven thousands ofsubmachine guns "underground," becausen-dinary people are afraid to turn them int'stoo much trouble. If this was done awaywith, we'd get a lot of submachine guns on:he books, and we could keep track of them.Vat one of the groups that argue against;un registration has ever claimed thatmachine guns shouldn't be registered. ,brooks would go on as before, but this way,here'd be less chance for the guns to beused for unlawful purposes.Finally, there should be a section in thenew law to provide for "target shooter'slicense," or permit to purchase firearms. -The target shooter's license would beissued by the secretary or chief range officer3f a local gun club. It would certify that theholder of the license had successfully passedapproved tests in safe gun handling andmarksmanship skill. The standard US. armycourse of fire could be used, except it couldhe with any revolver or pistol that the shooterhappened to own, instead of requiring it tohe a .45 automatic.In Chicago alone there are 60 shootingclubs, with at least fifteen junior clubs foryoung people. The chief range officer orother responsible person of each one ofthese clubs could be sworn in as a specialofficer like a notary public, and I bet hewould be glad to serve in this capacity withoutpay. He would have the authority toadminister these tests to the shooter, to de-termine if he can shoot a gun well enough tomake him a safe bet to handle a gun. Thislicense should then be a permanent cardheld by the licensee on a lifetime basis.Aside from making sure that people whohad guns could shoot them safely, withoutendangering others through carelessness and"horse play," this license card would serveto identify people who might legally buyand sell modern guns. All firearms dealersare licensed under the Federal Firearms Actof 1938. Their license is annual, with a $1fee. Each dealer must keep records of thename of the buyer, address, type of firearm,caliber, serial number, and so on. A licenseholder need only identify himself to thedealer and present his signature card, to buyover the counter at that time a pistol orrevolver and ammunition for it.Writing a good firearms law would beaccomplished when local gun dealers, shootingclub representatives, police and lawofficers, city recreation and education peoplegot together and coordinated their efforts to~roduce a workable firearms law that woulddo something positive.Automobiles annually kill or maim about35,000 people We do something constructiveabout that, with high school driving instruc.tion and licenses which say that a person haspassed tests and is skillful enough to drivea car without hurting somebody. We have asmany guns in America as there are carswecan't confiscate them all. What we cando is help people to realize the dangers ofgunplay wrongly directed, like a car runby a bad driver. Maybe then, with thehonest citizen armed and able to defendhimself, we of the police departments mayfind our jobs a little easier, because we havea million new "recruits" able to help on thejob.@

WHY COPS GET KILLED(Continued from page 15)The future for New York's finest looksconsiderably brighter than their present, ifhopes of both Inspector Murphy and Lt.Hunter materialize into plans. CommissionerFrancis Adams, a non-career appointee, haspromised that the minimum 120 rounds willbe doubled when the new four-months academycourse becomes effective. He also hasrecommended that the minimum of 10 qualifyingshots be increased to 20.The contrast of these hopeful plans withprograms existing for years in some othercities is a study in extremes. With the "improved"courses, six boxes of ammo per manper year will be fired for the probationer, butafter that officers will get all of 60 shotsrequired each year. If 60 x 100 is the scorerequired for qualifying, most of New York'sofficers will remain indifferent shooters, aboutas dangerous to a crook with combat trainingas a clay pigeon is to a shotgunner.In contrast to New York's short-sightedprogram is Detroit, which has long recog---- nixed -- the ~ value of effective marksmen on itsforce. Detroit's instructor, Lt. Harry Reeves.has been listed among the top shooters sincewell before World War 11.In Los Angeles the outdoor Elysium Hillspolice academy range is a showplace in thepolice world. More than 40 firing points appearin the lineup, with covered shooterarea and modern automatic target carriers.Brick and concrete barrier^ irotect studentsfrom accidents, where they learn andpractice combat firing, quick draw, shootingfrom the hip in the standard crouch, andother tricks. Minimum shots fired, contrastedwith New York's 300. is 2.000 perrecruit. These are mid-range reloads in .38Special. Either the Colt Officer's ModelSpecial, or Smith & Wesson K-38 or CombatMasterpiece are used by the men.Officers qualifying in shooting receivehigher pay. At 25 yards, the minimum slowfire is 70 x 100, 50 x 100 rapid fire, and60 x 100 on the silhouette. Nobody flunksthis test. Cadets receive instruction untilthey do pass. It is cheaper to pay an officerwages and get work out of him, than topension his widow.Marksmen (300 x 400) receive $2 extra,sharpshooters (340 x 400) get $4, experts(380 x 400) get $8, and distinguished experts(385 x 400) are paid $16 more eachmonth as long as they remain in these qualifications.There are nearly 2,000 marksmenand sharpshooters, and about 75 expertsand distinguished experts, drawingbonus pay. This is a pretty good proportionof shooters out of a department totalling4,200 men.Maybe it's the heritage of the wild west,but in Montana of all places there has beenone of the finest police training programsever established. Set up under the directionof famed pistol-shooter Ed McGivern, theLewistown police department has had amodel course of combat training. In thisspecial course no shooting is done at rangesgreater than 45 feet, but those ranges arethe ones to be expected in actual streetfighting or gunning from a speeding automobile.Shooting while running, and twogunwork at separate targets is only a partof the intensive training. Because of the un-GUARANTEED TO WORK!I. 4-bbl gun, combination , 2-1 6 go shotbbls; 1-8x57 rifle; 1-22 rifle. Weight 694Ibs. Importer A. Paul Detmold (Chicago).Maker Hubertus, Germany. Dural Breech.Condition Very Good. N.R.A. Sling swivels.Cheek piece. Cost $950.00 SALE PRICE:$450.002. Combination gun by 3 Barrel Gun Co. ofWheeling, W. Va. 2-12 ga bbls. One col32-40 Rifle. Condition Fair. Two dentsright bbl. Weight 7% Ibs. Right bblcylinder, left full choke. No. 1209. PRICE:$1 50.003. Colindian Paradox 12 ga oval bore nonfoulingrifling. Fine engraving. Casepoor. Condition Good. Chas. Loncaster.Weight 8 Ibs. 4 oz- bbls 30 inches. Recoilpad & accessories. 'cost $1 600.00. PRICE:$400.004. Double Rifle. Cal 450 No. 2 by Long of1 London. Condition Good. Case poor.I Weight 11 Ibs. Length bbls 27-11/16ths.IALSO FOR SALE: Assorted other weapons,including Civil War Carbines; HarpoonGun; Daggers and Swords; Curios fromother collections and Historic Pieces. NoPistols or Revolvers.FOREIGN PARTS SPECIALISTMauser (pistol & rifle), P38, Luger, G43. Japanese(pistol & rifle), Italian, Browning, Ortgies, some Springfield,Enfleld, 45 Auto., Others. Stamped, addressedenvelope ,or list. Mauser HSc Firing Pins, Springs,4.00 set. Ortgies Firing Pins 2.50 ea. Japanese 7.7Guard Scrows 25c each, $2.50 Dozen. Mauser MilitaryBolt (recoil) Springs. G43 Recoil Springs. Luger CoilMainsprings, Japanese Mainsprings (rifle) 75c ea., $5.00dozen. $5.50 dozen assorted.BOB LOVELL, BOX 401, ELMHURST, ILL.PIED PIPER CALLazing new PIED PIPER CALL brings 'em inImitates rabbit's distress scream . . . bringsxes, coyotes, bobcats and wolves. Effectivea mile distance, works day or night-anyn! PROVED IN ALL PARTS OF U. S. UsuallyIIJ. R. NOWELL ICOLLECTIONIII100, 200, 300 yd sights. Cost $880.00:PRICE: $450.00I5. 8 Bore Parker Damoscus. Fair Condition.Cost $200.00. PRICE $60.006. 1 Farquorson Single Shot Action 500 Ex-Ipress. Webley & Scott Mgr. Fair conditionPRICE $100.00:I7. 1 Farquarson Single Shot Action. Webley& Scott Mfr. .416 Cal. Fair condition :PRICE: $100.00i8. 1-30:06 Sporter. Poor condition. Lowserial number, suitable far reloads. PRICE: :$25.00 II9. 1-30:06 Sporter, w/ reheat reteated ac- 1Ition. Mod 54 Winchester barrel. Good 1condition. PRICE $1 25.00 IIIADDRESS: IWETHERHOLD PLANTATION1 YONGES ISLAND, S. C.FOR POLICE, GUARDS, WATCHMENNew! Sensationalupside down "HANDI-HOLSTER"for 2 l a e i h revolvers. Gives llehtninff-fastdraw. Top grain leather. Must be seen, and used!Shoulder style . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$10.00Belt style . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$ 8.50Shoulder-Belt combination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $10.50Write for FREE BrochureSAN FRANCISCO GUN EXCHANGE91 Fourth Street San Francisco 3I

NEWS about MATCHESpistol-sma 1 bore, big bore rifle-bench restthe men that shoot in them-the equipment they use-the records theymake. Also latest developments in loading tools, bullets, scopes, scales,powder measures, bench rest pedestals, and all the other accessories that"dyed-in-the-wool" shooters use.SHOOTERS NEWS is the official publication of the NATIONALBENCH REST SHOOTERS ASSOCIATION, with a section edited byColonel Townsend Whelen. A special HANDGUN Section by CharleyAskins. Editorially a shooter's forum like a New England town meetin',where any shooter can state his opinion on any burning question of organizedshooting, whether the editors agree with him or not. Entertaining,freshly edited, newsy, and above all informative.TO KEEP IN CLOSE TOUCH WITH THE LATESTNEWS IN THE SPECIALIZED FIELD OF ORGAN-IZED SHOOTING, FILL OUT AND MAIL THE COU-PON TODAY!58One Year$3.00Two Years$5.00SHOOTERS NEWS, LYNDON, VERMONTHerewith $ .. . . for my subscription to ShootersNewsName . .--.- - - - .----- - ----.- -.-..-.-.---.--.---...--AddressCity Zone ...-.. State --------usual course of fire, it is quoted here fromMcGivern's "Fast and Fancy Revolver Shooting:"1) Shoot double action, slow, 35 feet,five shots.2) Shoot double action, both hands, alternate,five shots from each gun, 35 feet.3) Stand with hack to target, turn andshoot five shots double action, 25 feet.4) Draw and step forward away fromtarget, turn and shoot one shot eachtime. Keep back turned to target whilestepping away from it. Draw for eachshot, 18 to 25 feet.5) Room dark, shoot double action attarget lighted by flashlight with lefthand away from body for safety fromopponent's shots-shoot five shots, 35feet.6) DA shoot with flashlights held onshooter's face, simulating automobilelights. Room dark, distance 25 to 35feet, hold flashlight as No. 5 to locatetarget.7) Shoot DA, room dark, one flash oflight only to locate target, other fourshots to be fired in darkness. Usebulls-eye on Langrish Colt target.8) Draw and shoot DA one shot onlyeach time, total five shots, 35 feet.Draw for each shot and use headsized,target only.9) Quick draw DA and fire five shots eachtime, distance 25 to 35 feet, usinghead-sized targets.10) Five-position shooting, rolling over withhead facing the target. Shoot DA,falling to prone position, five shots, 35feet at head-sized targets. Change positionof body for each shot.11) Run and shoot DA while running towardstarget, five shots, starting at 45feet and ending 15 feet from target. Usebulls-eye on chest of upper man-sizedlimbless Langrish targets.12) DA shooting while running toward manfrom 45 feet, shoot five shots with lefthand while running. If normally lefthanded,reverse and shoot using righthand.13) DA shooting, running crossways firingat man target in doorway running fromright to left at distance of 20 to 35feet or more from doorway. Five shots.14) Same as No. 13, but reverse direction,running from left to right. Five shots.15) Run or walk rapidly from 45 feetdistance toward Langrish target supporting"wounded officer" with leftarm. Shoot five shots DA with freehand.16) Two officers starting at 45 feet run orwalk rapidly toward Langrish mantarget supporting each other with armslocked, each officer shooting five shotsDA with gun held in free hand.17) Shooting five shots from each of twoguns DA simultaneously, total 10 shots,distance 25 to 35 feet, at targets placed5 to 10 feet apart.18) Start at 15 feet, take brother officer'sgun (two guns) shoot five shots DA alternatelyfrom each gun while retreatingbackwards one step between eachshot fired, covering wounded officer'sretreat.

19) When instructor fires blank cartridgefor signal, officer draws and fires oneshot DA at head-sized bull-eye on chestof Langrish target. Object of this isto develop speed on draw and firstshot. Try for sure hits and split-seconddraws.20) Draw gun five times and fire one shoteach time DA in response to variousunexpected or surprise signals. Usehead-sized Langrish chest bulls-eye, 20to 35 feet distance.This is the sort of training two officerscan work out, to aid each other. Even arange is not really necessary, for no distancesare required above 45 feet. Using the new"Rocket" .22 short cartridges, such shootingcan be done in relative safety. Thenew "Rockets" don't harm the barrel orchamber, are sufficiently accurate for thiswork, and have bullets which break up onimpact, avoiding ricochets. While the kickof the service .38 is not present, the -22's areridiculously cheap and many thousands ofthem can be burned up in very profitablepractice in almost any solidly built concreteblock or reenforced garage. If outdoor workis possible, any sort of high sandbank, drainageditch, or wide, level field could be used.Even crowded metropolitan areas,where City Hall has too tights grip on thebudget, ways can be found to increase themarksmanship proficiency of the officers.Plenty of practice is the answer. Practicecan be interesting. Solidly plinking awayat a target can be very dull. Long periodsof dry firing without sufficient range shootingmake the average officer pretty "stale." Onlythrough using imagination and relating thecourses of fire to the job at hand, like LosAngeles trains its officers, can the battleagainst crime be evened up and policeeverywhere gain the upper edge. A prominentpolice shooting instructor has repeatedlystated that a crew of one hundredofficers, without politics but with plenty ofammunition and sure, positive training incombat shooting, could clean out all thebold, bad bandits in any of the big citiesin a very short time.@--"THE LUGER(PISTOLE PARABELLuM) PISTOL"180 $7.50pages Its history and development from 1893 to 1945 Postpaid&Insuredby Fred A. DatigListed below are a few of the heretofore arate chapter devoted entirely to the -45unlisted and little known facts, diagrams and Luger plus a full page photograph of thisphotographs to be found therein:historical pistolFacts and figures divulging monthly manufac-A listing of over 100 variations of more than ture and distribution throughout the Ger-20 _different models, all authentically veri- man services during world war 11fledHeretofore unlisted data behind the Vickers,Dozens of clear,photo~raphs oforiginal pistols showing dates, Mauser, Simson and Krieghoff procurementsand contractscoats of arms, proofs and other markingsNumerous experimental and special produc-Charts and graphs showing how to distinguishthe rare pieces from the more common ones;tion pieees such as full and semi-automaticconversions. silencers. holster-stocks andinvaluable information for those seeking presentatio~ pieces pe~onally supervised bythe unusual and valuable typesGeorg LugerContents of many of Georg Luger's personal Chapters on cartridges, proof marks, converandbusiness letters written to men in im- sion units, holsters, stocks, historical backportantmilitary and commercial positions ground and many pointers to beginners andMany original patent drawings submitted by those interested especially in collecting,Georg Luger and Hugo Borchardt to the shooting and gunsmithingU. S. Patent Office-plus page after page of technically detailedThe Luger issued to U.S. Army troops! Afull and complete accounting of the U.S.Army Tests of 1901 and 1907 with a sepandminutely described commercial andmilitary models, ballistics, mechanical functioning,colorful highlights, etc.Printing is on the finest of glossy paper with beautiful full page photographs throughout; highgrade binding and dust jacket all executed by professional specialists. A book you will be proudto add to your personal library shelves.Send your check or money order right away (sorry, no C.0.D.k) to:FADCO, Dept. LB, Box 3183 Olympic Station, Beverly Hills, Calif."Your glasses did a lot for me9?No. 400: Newest wide vision;comfortable shell frame. Lightbut sturdy. Full coverage.Piano ......................With corrected lenses toyour own prescription:No. 100: Newestwide vision.Light weightgoggles Non-9 .OO"In winning the 1954 N. Y. State Women's PistolChampionship I wore my Mitchell Shooting Glassesthe first time in a registered tournament. The earlypart of both days were cloudy with poor visibility.Your glasses did a lot for me. I can see my sightsmuch more clearly." (Mrs. Herb Glass)Mitchell Yellow Lens Shooting Glasses help youto SEE BETTER, SHOOT BETTER! Dr. W. P.Mitchell knows your problems-will give hisindividual attention to improving your scores.CUSTOM DESIGNED by a Shooter for Shooters!MITCHELL SHOOTING GLASSESWaynesville, GoldFilled, Piano.. .StWitim,. QlaUsicorrodingsweot $1 3.5Mitckell'i.With corrected lenses to $20.00your own prescription.Write for Folder illustrating 7 addifor the R. H. BURTON Co. See these fine ~~~~~~~~~~d MITCHELL ShootingGlasses~at the NRA Convention!

--SIMS "SPORTSMAN"AMMUNITIONLook! Here is the real McCoy1 SPECIALSALE of that hard-to-get ammunitionfor Derringer, - . etc.REMINGTON $350~er Box (50 Rds.) :RIMFIRE SHORTS -0 Rifle Slings, Web. New 1 1/4 inch,Gov. Surplus 3 for $1.50. 69e'a. Â0 w0 0RUBBER00>REOIL BOOTS0c for shotgun $0' or rifle 3 D6ZWn-ISSUED GOOD CONDITIONRIFLE PARTSJ AP CONVERSION 51y76.5Timney Trigger .......................... .$10.00Guard Screws 7.7 Jap, each ................ .50Firing Pins, 3 for $9.00.. ............ Each 3.757.7 Converted to .300, .308, .30-'06. ........ 16.00GARTH SLOAN6426 S. Normandie Los Angeles 44, Calif.INDEXSATISFIED USERS FROM MAINE TO CALI-FORNIA INDIVIDUALS AND GOVT. AGENCIESIN U.S. & ABROAD."Wonderful ... wouldn't take anythingfor mine" - BOB BROWNELL"Most complete and handyn-BRITT BROWN, Gun Editor, Wichita Eagle.288 Index (3" x 5") Card* & Instruction booklet.Order Todau - Or Write For $3.95FOLDING CAMPSTOVE"Proved in theBig Game Country"WOODBURNING, it providesheat for comfort andample space for cooking.Compact, light, sturdy.Clean & convenient to carryby pack animal, car orcanoe. Price complete, pipe,table, case, $26 plus postageWt. 30#Reflector Oven $9 plus postageWt. 8#SIMS STOVESMontana & 8th Lovell, Wyoming(clip this ad to your order and get a $2 spark arresterfor FREE!)RARE IMPORTEDHand-Carved@ Completely STOCKS Finishedfor post-warModel 70 Winchesters, onlyCd. 30-06, 270, 257, 220 Swift, 22Each stock hand-carved (as illus,.) withMonte Carlo comb and cheekpiece for- rieht-handed ~ -- ~ shnoter. Your choice of deer-~~ ~~~or bear carving on butt. Selectfrom either handsome straightgrain@ Zelcona. or beautifullight-wei ht @ Chinese Chestnut.Both woods have tensilestren th greater than walnut.and-inletted to fit Winchestermodels listed. 10 - dayrnoney-back guarantee ifyou're not complete1 sat-)and isfied. woodselect~onsbelow.Mark both design0 Deer Zelcona @Deer Bear Bear 0 Chestnut @Send your check or M.O.with order. No COD'S.We pay postage.Dept. 855G THE 6UH SHO?957 BroadwaySomerville 43, Mass.STOPS GLAREPUSH button oclion. Improvednon-clogging removable valve.Dries instantly. Wipes offeasily. UNCONDITIONALLYGUARANTEED.. .Send check or M.O. today.-f1. Altered by Forging, for low -- -" 1scope ...................... a/.ouPolished & Jewelled PrecisionI.................................KESS ARMS COMPANY1 3283 N. Green ~ i yIndexed 6 50Special-Both for .12:50Custom Rifle Stocking and RebarrelingAve. Milwaukee 12, Wis. 1-YOU CAN MAKE THIS AUTHENTIC FULL SIZE REPLICAOF THE FAMOUS THOMPSON SUB-MACHINE GUN FOR ONLY, ,,, - $5.95(PREPAID)EgaFOR Oil" COMPLETE CATALOO OF OVER 30 £EAUTHENTIO MODERN AN0 WTIWE SUN KITS 98# AND UP.VICKUV MODEL HUM COWANY, PA. BOX 93,OAK PMH.IU.POCKET AUTOMATICS(Continued from page 33)War. By the middle 1930's all had discontinuedpocket pistols except Colt whichmade them for only a decade more. Duringthat period hundreds of thousands of thesepistols were made ... yet they failed.Why?They failed because gun companiescouldn't sell pocket automatics to the Americanpublic. There were three basic reasonsfor this lack of sales. First and foremostto my mind was-and still is, for thatmatter-a mistrust of the whole "automaticpistol principle" by Americans.Recently an article on guns compared our.45 Model 1911 Colt with several foreignpistols. At the end, of the article the authorsaid that actually he would rather have arevolver than an automatic pistol of any type.Undoubtedly he would also prefer a Stutz"Bearcat" to a Jaguar, but is he right?I don't think so. In the early days automaticpistol ammunition was not reliable or cleanto shoot. Jams were frequent, misfires common,and the guns got a bad name. Buttoday an automatic is just as reliable, accurateand quick as a revolver.The next thing to hit the pocket automaticswas a flood of cheap foreign gunsdumped on the U. S. market after WorldWar I. Spain lead the way as chief gravedigger for the American-made guns. Tonsof cheap, soft steel auto pistols were peddledby mail order, where the buyer couldn'tsee or test the gun he was buying untilit was too late. These guns sold for fiveto ten dollars, less than our own makes ofpistols but externally they looked prettysimilar and "just as good."Germany, forbidden to make large-calibermilitary pistols after World War I, turnedher shops to the production of pocket guns.Sauer, Mauser, Ortgie, and Walther pistolsamong many others were imported. Farbetter made than the Spanish junk, theywere produced in an inflation-ridden economy.Prices on these well-made guns wereoften ridiculously low. American guns couldnot take the price competition.The last reason for the pocket automatics'discontinuance among American guns wasthe wave of crime which swept the countryin the early days of the cheap automobile.In the 1920's, the fast car made the "getaway"possible, but legislation in counteractcrime was directed against pistols. Manystates and cities passed laws regulating thesale of firearms. Posterity will judge theeffectiveness of these laws in crime prevention,but the discontinuance of the pocketautomatics shows the effect they had onmanufacturer and public alike.In America there is no producer of apocket automatic. The target .22's and, themilitary .38's and .45's continue, largelythrough government sponsorship. After aspan of less than four decades, an originalAmerican idea is dead where it was born.The pocket automatic is now made onlyabroad-here it is relegated to an oddity orcollector's item, and shooters turn to foreignproducts for pocket automatics to use. @

0 MILITARY MAN* POLICE OFFICER-for every man interested in guns!rGUNS542 N. DEARBORN PKY.. CHICAGO 10. ILL.I want to become a subscriber to GUNS. Please send me GUNS

FAMOUS ENFIELD RIFLES 1Popular P-14 .303 British Caliber. 6-shot repeater;bolt-action, 26" barrel. Develo edby the great British Armory and manugcturedby Winchester, Remington and Eddystone.Very good to excellent. Supplylimited.AMMUNITIONAt Lowest Prices!.303 British Cal. (Winchester Mfg.)-$6.00 per 100 rounds..30-06 Springfield Ammo at lowest priceever offered-only $5.50 per 100 rounds.$45.00 per thousand in metal-lined casescontaining 1500 rounds..45 ACP-$4.25 per 100 rounds- case of1000 rounds $35.00, while supply lasts.-FAMOUS SERVICE MODELS,IBECAUSE OF meDIFFERENCE IN CAUBER OF THEMUS~~ETANO FOWLING-PiecesOF -TOE/??Li/r/ONARY WAR.EACH SOLDIER. UA5OBLWD "ISCARRY HIS OUJNSP£C/A AND CAST MOLDHIS OWN &ifZL£TS&W REVOLVERRugged and dependable S&Wdition. A real buy while supplylasts1A FEW SPECIALLY SELECTED "PERFECTosMOOELS-ONLY $29.50.45 and ,455 Cal.S&W and COLT'New ServiceModel", Revers.Powerful& accurate.ARTFORD CONN HAUEANOTHER' KIND OF TARGET.455 CaliberBRITISH WEBLEY4" and 6" barrel.The Official Revolvers verYof the British Forces. perfCurrent issue. ONLY $12.EACH HANDGUN SUPPLIED WITH A NEWHOLSTER-LIMITED TIME ONLYSPATINHOB'-- - - - - - --ESend for my unusual collection ofpatterns. Useful for carving, checkeringor stippling gun stocks, pistolm grips, etc. Hundreds of animals,birds, decorative designs, initials.Plus transfer carbon. Only $2.00postpaid, check or cash.C. H. KLEIN, Jr., P.O. Box 2591,Roselawn, Cincinnati 37, Ohio.YFRYE'S FAMOUS BOOTSStreamlined BeautyFINE QUALITYA Prized PossessionNOW BY MAILJODHPUR-$17.96Precision built, light weight, wonderfully comfortable.Calf vamps kid tops fully lined leathersoles, rubber heel; BROWN or BLACK. en's sizes6-12, ABCDE, from stock. Other sizes 6-14, AAA-EEEE, made to order. (Also women's and children's.)Satisfaction guaranteed. ORDER NOW.Enclose check or money order.WRITE FOR FREE CATALOG.TODD'S, Dept. GU 8, 209 S. State St., Chicago 4, Ill.HOW WHODUNITS ARE SOLVED(Continued from page 24)adjustable stages. The microscope may beused with a photomicrograph attachment, fortaking pictures at high magnification. Irisdiaphragms are provided at the ends of themicroscope tubes for use in increasingthe depth of focus or balancing the illuminationwhen the two objects being examineddo not reflect light equally. Visually,the images are right side up in their properposition, while on the camera ground glassthey are inverted and reversed.Two independent stages which hold, thebullets for examination are the most unusualpart of the instrument. Formerly plasticineor wax was used to hold the bullets, baseagainst the end of the rotating rod. This issometimes used now if the bullet is batteredand identifying marks appear too close to thebase to use the improved B & L bullet chucks.These chucks work like a lathe chuck andcome in sizes from .22 to .45 caliber. Thechucks have a ball and socket joint in theirdesign, permitting the bullets to be moveduniversally as may be required to get goodcomparison.Separate 4watt fluorescent lamps lighteach specimen evenly. They are cool and provideenough light to make fairly short photographicexposures, with dull, non-reflectingbullets.Photomicrographs made through the comparisonmicroscope have proved very convincingin trials. The famous Sacco-Vanzettitrial, in which a gun firing the .32 Colt automaticcartridge was used, was among theearliest prominent cases involving identificationof firearms. Colonel Goddard furnishedevidence photos of the primer areas of severalcartridge cases found at the scene ofthe killing. Taking an enlarged photo of theevidence cartridge primer, which had pressedback against the breech face of the automaticpistol when fired, be pasted over it anirregular cutout of the test case primer firedin what was suspected to have been the samegun which fired the evidence cartridge case.The imprint of the distinctive breech markson the test primer matched exactly the evidenceprints, and established that both hadbeen fired from the same gun. The enlargedphotos easily convinced the jury.The FBI has been active in firearms workfor many years. While almost everyone knowsof their extensive fingerprint files, the FBI isalso maintained an ammunition file. This referencefile consists of a sample of every typeof ammunition manufactured in the UnitedStates and in most foreign countries. Bulletscan be sent there from law enforcementagencies for comparison.Fingerprints on the outside of the murdergun are of little value. It is the fingerprintsinside the gun-bullet and cartridge identi-fication-which lead through today's modernscientific methods to catching and convictingthe man who uses guns, wrongly. @

CLASSIFIED ADVERTISEMENTSANTIQUE ARMSLARGE COLLECTION antique firearms andedged weapons. Open 7 days weekly. Righton lioute 1 at 21 York St., Kennebnnk, Maine-W:~lIingford IInll.WORKING MINIATURES: Colt WalkersI'atersons, Kentucky Flintlocks Astons, a emingtonsand miniature powderfiasks. Handmadeof the highest workmanship. PhotoCatalog $1. Fred Thacker, 444 G. Cortez Dr.,El I'aso, Texas.SPECIALIZING IN Browning shotguns, B &L scopes-The latest fire arms by Winchesterand Remington-old firearms and edge weapons.Arlington Tackle Shop. 940 Mass Ave.,Arlington. Mass.RACH '0 THE Hills. Shooter's paradise.Rig game, varmints, grouse. Modern buildings.80 acres on the edse of the wild. -Writefor description. L. M. Ellis, Route #1, Box2.79-A, Woldland. Washington.-- -"HOLLAND 303 DOUBLE Sprin-fields nationalmatch, M2 and Bull 1920 savage 300,Winchesters. 33, 30-40. Newton 06". Grovcr.Tohnson, 704 S. Pacific, San Pedro, Calif.GUNS SCOPES reloading supplies bought soldtraded and repaired. Fistori Firearms, 203Main St.. Marlboro. Masa.COLT SINGLE actions, $40 and up. WilliamN. Greer. Griffin. Georgia.NEW 44 SPECIAL S&W Target revolvers6% $84.20. Jeff. Trader, Pocomoke City,RARE W. GREENER (London) shotgun with3 sets of double barrels, dated 1855, accessories.Exccilent condition. Interested collectorscontact Magnum Gun Shop, Irvington,New York.30-06 SPRINGFIELD AMMUNITION-FactoryLoads, $5.50 100 rounds. Shipped DutyFree. International, 1011 Bleury, Montreal,Oue.FAMOUS SERVICE Models: Springfield Enfield Rifles, 38, .45 caliber Smith & we'sson,Colt, Webley Revolvers. 30-06, .45 ACP ammunition.Lowest prices. Shipped Duty Free.International. 1011 Bleury, Montreal, Quebec,CAST BULLETS 22 to 45-70. shotguns borespolished $3.00 per barrel. Marshall's BulletShop, IIarvard, 111.WINCHESTER .220 WITH 20 x Supertarget-GUS COLLECTOR Henry J. Dwillard fineARMS & AMMUNITION spot $18.5. Winchester M21 12 gauge Skeet$195. P-38 $28. HDM $42. Mangus, R7,sholqnns for particular shooters imported andLafayette, Indiana.American buy - sell - trade. 1516 SunnysideDrive, Kalamazoo 17. Michigan.CARTRIDGE COLLECTORS : List #3-20

TRAVEL"SEE ALASKA in Color." Largest selectionof game and all Alaska subjects. Special-12game slides, free catalog listing 400 2x2 slidesairmail, $5.00. Northern Color Film Co., B O ~6, Cooper Landing, Alaska.WANTEDWE WANT antique guns. Will buy singlepieces or whole collections. Immediate cash.Cherry's, Geneseo 50, Illinois.FREAK AND Oddity Antique Firearms. BySpecialty Collector Write : Eddie Reider, Box191. Rochester. I'a.WANTED-I HAVE paid over $100.00 forColts pistols made before 1910 and want tobuy more-send description and price to CalvinBentsen Pharr. Texas.LARGE CALIRER "Mauser Werke Oberndorf"bolt action rifles, also other high-grade shoteunsand rifles. Carroll Halnes, McQueeney,Texns.PHILADA. DERINGER-Colt Cloverleaf,Winchester carbines. Russell Hook, Hardins-COLTS & REMINGTON Cap & Ball gunswanted. Top prices paid. Roy C. Borabaugh,302 No. 30th St., Lincoln, Nebr.EXPENSIVE FINE engraved old pistols, rifles.Also antique firearms by California gunmakers.James Serven, Santa Aua, Calif.BUYING PREWAR doubles or trading riflesfor them. 1,. Acuff, 1048 22nd St., RockIsland. 111.WANTED-ANTIQUE pistols rifles, also gunsfor parts. Give full description and price.Suddith's, Gladys, Virginia.COLTS & REMINGTON in shootine order orjust parts of guns, highest prices paid. givedetails and price. Roy C. ~orabaugh; 302N. 30th St., Lincoln, Nebraska.MISCELLANEOUSELECTRIC PENCIL: Engrnves all Metals$1.50. Rcyer Mfg., 10511-Q Springfield, chictlgo43.INVENTORS : WHEN you are satisfied thatyon have invented somettiin- of value writeme. without obligation for i~formntion. WritePatrick D Iteavers, lie-istered Patent Attorney1099 ~olumblan Hldg., Washington1, D. C.ENGRAVING. $20 UP. Easy terms. Liberaldealer discounts. Free folder Marty. Box6762, Washington 20, D. C.450 ALASIYAN WORLDS most pow~rful. accuratelever action 457 400 gr. bullet at2100 ft. velocity. 814 'lbs. Gnn built on Win.71 action. Conversion on your gun $85.00 ornew rifles from stock converted for $185.00postpaid at once. Conversion includes newBuhmiller ble, new foreend tip, Sourdoughfront sight receiver sight sling swivels, recoilpad and action tuned. Also 38-30 cal.built at same cost. We build over 25 differentcalibers of rifles 33 Win. rebarreled with newWin. 348 bles, $30.00. Johnson's Kenai Rifles,Cooper Landing, Alaska.HUNTER-SHOOTER-Sportsmans dope bookhunting tips, which "ets the game. sightingin charts for scopes,iron rights, 48 stateslaws. vital areas of game, camp cookerydressing game, other interesting articles 56cts. prepaid. Berkshire Gun Rack, Six Lakes,Michigan.SHOOTERS-GUNS3iIITHS-dealers targetsupplies. Wns, scopes. reloading tools,, write wants. Jack MCPI~PP,1.17 I'oppy. Corona Del Mar, Calif.--Thirty-Eights for use in the cars, but theboys found that they were too liable to gooff when you didn't want them to. Mostlythe officers left them in the cars and usedrevolvers."WHAT PISTOL FOR POLICE?(Continued from page 40)With the Walther .32 such an accidentcouldn't happen as the gun could be carriedwith the hammer down on a live cartridge,and a straight pull on the triggerwould fire it as easily as a double actionrevolver. But the design was strange toAmerica before the war, and revolvers werepreferred.In Austin, Texas, until recently the distinguishingfeature between motorcycle andcar patrolmen seemed to be their pistols.The cycle men carried Colt .45 or .38 automatics,usually nickel-plated with fancygrips, while prowl-car guys used .38 Specialrevolvers. In 1952 a uniform requirementwas set up, and all officers now carry revolvers.About automatics Chief of PoliceR. D. Thorp said:"All weapons are now issued by the departmentand are all standard .38 caliber,all being revolvers, no automatics being usedat all. It has been found by this departmentthat revolvers require less maintenance andare less apt to misfire or have jams. Ouruniform division is issued a .38 caliber on a-44 caliber frame. Plain clothes division isissued a .38 caliber on a .38 frame, militaryand police. We have found, too, that it isbeneficial to have all members of the departmentcarrying weapons using the samecaliber ammunition."Chief Thorpe's not-so-oblique reference toSmith & Wesson police-type revolvers in.38 Special caliber is reflected by Americandepartments elsewhere. Ever since TeddyRoosevelt as police commissioner of NewYork City introduced a Colt revolver intoservice, revolvers of both Smith & Wessonand Colt make have been standard. Yet inforeign cities-Paris, Vienna, Munich, Ham-burg, Berlin-automaticpistols were issued.BUY SURPLUS direct from Government,Boat, motor, truck jeep, hunting fishing Our domestic gun manufacturers do notcamping. sporting Equipment 1indi0 ~hoto- seem to share the fears about automaticsgraphic, Power tools, machinery & hundredsothers listed in our Bulletin "Surpliis Sales". which the police express. There are manyPrice $1.00. Box IOOUII. East Iltfd 8. Conn. problems in design to be overcome, but theEuropean double-action pistols point theway. High Standard in New Haven hasnever quite given up on the project of anautomatic pistol for police. They have a .38Special caliber automatic pistol which has100 LETTERHEADS 814 x 11, 100 Noteheads% x .ix and 100 envelopes p-inted$2.98. Rogal Press, Cpooksville, Ohio.POWUER MEASURE. Build one. Inexpensive.Full size drawings and instructions $1.00.L. Truitt, Walcott, Iowa.FULL SCALE blueprint of the Walker Colt.Showing detail measurements of each Part.$1.50. Pioneer Gun Shop, 2225 W. 7th St.,Texarkana, Texas.U. S. SURPLUS Jeep Gunrack, mailed 2.95fine for truck, den, camp, or car. 49" heavywaterproofed guncase, canvas, full lengthzipper takes most any gun with scope. Mailed2.93 e&. 1500 guns in stock, antique, modern.sample list .10. Your name on our mailinglist for 1 year. $1.00. Gunroom. Homer, NowYork.tried to solve one of the commercial objections,the need for different ammunition.Most automatics use special ammunition ofrimless design.An automatic firing the rimmed .38 Specialrevolver shell would have a foot in thedoor with police departments, especiallythose which have large shooting programsand reloading facilities. The .38 Special ismore accurate than most auto shells, and hasa reputation of effectiveness in police work.High Standard has had double action pistols"up in the air" since at least 1946, and atone time considered the American rights tothe Walther double action patents. HighStandard's hat has been in the army testring, too, with a double action automatic.Smith & Wesson's new 9mm pistol isdouble action, with a very smooth, crisp ~ull.While the army is considering the pistol,Smith & Wesson has been stockpiling them,planning on the army's needs for field testing.A price on this gun is not yet released,but whether the army agrees on the newSmith & Wesson or not, it will probably beon the market as soon as the project is nolonger classified. Then you will see a realnovelty, as Smith & Wesson revolver salesmenstart to push a 9mm police-type automatic.Up at Colt's they are not asleep, either.Some time ago I asked their sales managerwhy they didn't produce a .380 automaticlike the ones before the war, but dressed upfor plainclothes use. He smiled, "Well, itwould have to be a double action, don't youthink?" Colt's is also waiting for the armyto make a move, but many policemen whoare not issued guns carry the light-weight.38 Super, even though the Frontenac policecouldn't keep their itchy trigger fingers offtheir Supers. If Colt's would put a doubleaction on their lightweight automatics, theywould have a lot of police objections to autopistols licked. They know this but they arewaiting.Reliability is one thing the modem autopistol owner does not need to worry about.Ammunition is sealed, water and oil proof.Over-oiling can not harm the cartridges.The only possible danger is with the magazine,a failure to feed the fresh cartridgestraight. Damage to the clip feed lips isthe primary cause of this, together withdirt in the magazine. Oldtime designs offersome interesting solutions. The Steyr M1911pistol adopted by the Austrians in 1911 useda long clip like a Springfield rifle clip, tostrip the cartridges down into a permanentmagazine in the grip. No damaged magazineswere possible with that design.Whatever the future pistols may be, thetrend now is certain: revolvers may havea lead for firing extremely high intensityammunition, like the .357 Magnum, but automaticsare steadily closing in. With abackground of 50 years of police use behindthem in Europe, automatics are farfrom being "unreliable" or "unsafe." Changesare due to fit the needs of the Americanpatrolman, but with the Walther pocketpistols being imported, the police-automaticis already on the scene.@

PARTING SHOTS"No, I'm not being bothered by outlaws . . . my trouble is in-laws!"ONDERSICHT1 CODrunS. & W.38-M. & P.38-HVY. D.44-MIL.45-1917ALSOCOLT.38 O.P..45 N.S.4< 1917-10 GUNSMITHING NECESSARY0 MOUNT ON S. & W. GUNSGUNS REQUIRE DRILLINGAND TAPPING ONE HOLECOLT:LICK - MICROMETER WINDAGEGraduated Long-Range ScaleWONDERSIGHT IS TO AIEVOLVER WHAT A RECEIVERHGHT I S TO A RIFLEfHOUSANDS SOLD only $4.95U CAN'T GET A BETTER BUYiEAT TREATED & BLUED-WT. 8/10 OZ.FIREARMS DEVELOPMENT LABS.PRODUCTS DIVISION3UARTECALIFORNIACLADALOY BULLET CO. 1Manufarturers of the popular new machine castcopper clad alloy bullets which can be driven athighest velocities. Available for hand guns andrifles. At your dealer or order direct. Write forfree list and folder. Immediate delivery.BOX 643 NORTH HOLLYWOOD, CALIF.1rREFUNDSALASKA BIG GAME"Her father met him with open arms. . . a shotgun and a Colt .45!""See, it doesn't work!"Big game saFari of the north in your living room with2 I I d Free cataloi. Listing over 400 slide:.C!oseups of live game and all Alaska subjects. Special- 1 2 a m I d s t nrmai!, $5.00. , NORTHERNCOLOR FILM CO.. Box 6. Cooper Landmg, Alaska.

WINCHESTER '94 PARTS SPECIAL-ALLNEWMOST CRITICAL PARTS KIT - takewith you when hunting, consists of extractor,ejector complete, firing pin, &mainspring-Special price (save over 50%or $2.00) Only $1.95 ppd.MAJOR OVERHAUL KIT-probablynever again at these prices! New breechbolt, carrier, link and complete locking:bolt-your discount over double that ofeven biggest dealers. All for $7.95 ppd.NEW WOO11 MAKES old guns lookyoung again-Model 94 stocks w/buttPlate, straight grip. $.5.9.%carbine foreends,full magazine, $2.25.MOI)EL 94 set of new hammer complete.main spring &Â main spring screwonly$1.75 ppd.SPARE PARTS KIT FORJOHNSON SEMI-AUTO RIFLESof s t easily broken parts.his kit will guarantee youof years of trouble free use.Increases value of your punif you sell it. All parts new1 1 and at less than 14usual price for this specialoff. Includes firing pin assemhly,extractor, mag. cover~%%bl?dR~%rs%~~. pinSpecial $3.95! !GARAND RIFLE CONVERSION KITreduces to 5 shots only was to make Garand fullylegal for hunting' in "Five Shot" states. (easily;;;ly~i 2 2re"&yw;tclips, 950;es,c"I&P~;~ ;A"; ;Peg;CHAMBERING REAMERSof tenite for .45 Autos. Walnutcolored. gives a good grip. long wearing,checkering stays sharp, new, asissued, $1.25 pr., 2 pr.-$2.25.ORIGINAL, NEW OR PERFECTSMITH & WESSONblack hard rubber grips for roundbutt M&P, .32 & .38 ton breaks andspur trigger models Ladysmith roundbutt, .44 D.A. et

1 *** WHOLESALE DIVISION * ** 1ESTABLISHED 1922 - N. W. COMPLETE SPORTS HEADQUARTERSSpeediest Service in N.W. & Alaska - Orders Filled Within 24 HoursHAND GUNSSmith & WessonHi-StandardColtRugerGreat WesternIver JohnsonWalthera MOUNTSLeupoldRedfieldGriffin-HoweWeaverPachmayrBULLETSSpeerSierraa POWDERSHerculesDupontOuters Rifle Cleaning KitsRed Head Gun CaseDavton-Traister Triaaers& Cheek pieces:JOBBERS FORa SCOPESLymanWeaverUnertlLeupolda SIGHTSRedfieldMarbleLymanBradleyMerita RELOADING TOOLSPacificLymanWilsonSaecoEchoThalsonR.C.B.S.Diesa PRIMERS & AMMO.Federala MISCEI LANEOUSHoppe'sBrauer Gun CasesNelson Holsters & BeltsA SPORT 1 'NORCRAFT"Rated to 1000 Ibs.Weighs only 2 Ibs.Hoists game forFOR DEALERS . . .These New ListsSNOWSHOE SPECIALSSLEEPING BAGS* SURPLUS HAND GUNS Auth. Poly Chokes InstalledCutts CompensatorsCOMPLETENow AvailableLYMAN'SNew #40RELOADING HANDBOOKThe NewREDDINGPOWDER SCALESPRICE LISTS

'Â¥1There is no single action revolver made, nor has a gubeen made, which can compare with the RUGER Si\ athis on the basis of durability, reliability, accuracy, and accurate fittingof component parts. Materials throughout are the best for the purposethat can be obtained. The finish is neat and uniform, as only the mostexperienced polishers can make it. The lines of the gun are handsome-its balarike superb. trigger, every detail, in fact, which *,' contributes to real pcs been designed by and for experts.ce, the Single-Six in antique collectorsping in a bureau drait should be carriedthousands of rouny sensible design.Â¥,

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