Fall 2011 Gallery Guide - Miami University School of Fine Arts

arts.muohio.edu

Fall 2011 Gallery Guide - Miami University School of Fine Arts

the United States. Several localwomen pursued their desire to beaccomplished landscape painters.Dixie Selden and Ginevra Kennedywere two of the more prolificlandscape painters from the late19th century. Dixie Selden studiedat the Cincinnati Art Academyunder noted portrait painter FrankDuveneck, and her ambitiousdevotion took her on several tripsabroad to Mexico, China, Japan,Italy and the Middle East.Kennedy, who was prolific yetrelatively unknown outside of theregion, also traveled extensivelyin Japan, where she completed anumber of landscapes.Non-representational art wasspreading throughout the UnitedStates as a result of the 1913Armory Show in New York City.Many female artists specializingin nature and landscapes wereinterpreting the beauty of theenvironment through abstraction.Emily Carr, Marguerite ThompsonZorach and Georgia O’Keefe, forexample, took their work beyondmere impressions of a tree, forestor flower. Rather than detailed andprecise renderings of the naturalworld, these women were inspiredby fauvist painter Henri Matissein his attention to essential shapes,primary colors and a strong useof line. For the first time in history,women were being interwoven inthe fabric of the art world andincreasing in recognition for theirtalents.In the 1960s, Environmental Art,also referred to as Earthworks,emerged as a vehicle for social,political and environmentalawareness. Artists such asJeanne-Claude, Nancy Holt,Cindy Nixon (American, b. 1951)Close to Home, 2010Oil on canvas; 24” x 30”Courtesy of Eisele Gallery of Fine Art, Cincinnati, OhioBeverly Pepper and MagdalenaAbakanowicz attempted toreinterpret the Barbizon andHudson River School ideals in amore provocative manner. Theytook awareness of the fragilenatural world, and the humanimpact on it a step further than19th century artists by bringingthe audience into the work,transitioning the viewer into aparticipant. Art was taken out ofthe studio and out of the galleriesto a site-specific location where themessage could be read, seen, heardand experienced.Currently there is a resurgenceof landscape and still life inart. Primarily in painting, manycontemporary female artists arecapturing the raw beauty of natureand exploring the diversity of landand water environments. Thisnotion can be seen in the art ofCindy Nixon, Sally Schrohenloher,Mary Beth Karaus, Diane Youngand Peg Grosser displayed in thecurrent exhibition. However, somefemale artists hark back to pre-17th century when nature servedas a background for figurativerepresentations, as though femaleartists depicting nature in art havecome full circle.11

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