Fall 2011 Gallery Guide - Miami University School of Fine Arts

arts.muohio.edu

Fall 2011 Gallery Guide - Miami University School of Fine Arts

2 O 1 1 - 2 O 1 2Did You Know?• Henrietta Johnston (ca. 1674-1729), a pastel portrait artist bornin northwestern France, iscredited as the first femaleprofessional artist in America.• In 1770, after 122 years ofoperation, the French AcadémieRoyale de Peinture et deSculpture limited women’smembership to only four at onetime.• The Académie de Saint-Luc wasfounded in 1391 in Paris toprovide a home to many painterswho were not affordedmembership in the RoyalAcademy. The Académie deSaint-Luc closed its doors in1777, counting 130 womenamong its members.• The Pennsylvania Academy ofFine Arts in Philadelphia,founded in 1805, includedwomen in its first exhibit in1811. Beginning in 1844, theAcademy permitted women tostudy ancient figures on displayfor three hours per week, behindclosed doors. Live femalemodels were introduced intowomen’s segregated life classesin 1860, while the male nudemodel was studied in theclassroom until 1877.• Ohio native Sarah WorthingtonPeter founded the PhiladelphiaSchool of Design for Women in1848. Today, the school is knownas the Moore College of Art andDesign. In 1853, Peter returnedto Ohio to establish the LadiesAcademy of Fine Arts, nowknown as the CincinnatiAcademy of Fine Arts.• In 1875, Anne Whitney ofWatertown, Massachusetts,submitted a model for a statueof Massachusetts Senator andabolitionist Charles Sumner. Hermodel was awarded first placein the competition. However,the Boston Art Committeeretracted the commission whenthey discovered the artist was awoman. Whitney completed thework independently 27 years laterat the request of CharlesSumner’s descendants. Hersculpture is on public display onthe campus of Harvard Universityin Cambridge, Massachusetts.• A course for study of the nudemodel at the Art Academy ofCincinnati was offered to men in1875. It was not until 1885 thatthis course was offered to womenat the Academy.• The National Association ofWomen Artists, founded in 1889,is the oldest professionalwomen’s fine art organization inthe United States.• The Woman’s Art Club ofCincinnati was established in1892. It is the oldest existing artclub for women operating withoutinterruption in the United States.• According to a 1930 census,forty percent of all practicing artprofessionals in America werewomen.• Dame Laura Knight, fromDerbyshire, England, was electedto membership in the RoyalAcademy of Art in 1936. Shewas the first female artist to beelected to membership sinceAngelica Kauffmann and MaryMoser assisted with the foundingof the institution in 1768. Knightserved as the official war artistat the Nuremberg Trials between1945 and 1946.• By February 1973, theGuggenheim Museum in NewYork City had no major women’sexhibits, while the Museum ofModern Art had only four showsby women between 1942 and1969. In the February 1973issue of Ms. Magazine, MarciaTucker, founding director of theNew Museum of ContemporaryArt, noted that of the ten leadinggalleries in New York City only3.6% of the artists shown werewomen.• Maya Ying Lin, who wasborn in Athens, Ohio, reachednational recognition for her1982 monumental work for theVietnam Veterans Memorial Wallin Washington, D.C.Y E A R O F TH E16

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