Fall 2011 Gallery Guide - Miami University School of Fine Arts

arts.muohio.edu

Fall 2011 Gallery Guide - Miami University School of Fine Arts

including membership in theAcadémie Royale de Peinture etde Sculpture in 1783 and a numberof important private commissionsfrom the French aristocracy.Although these two women anda few others acquired significantacclaim, they were still restrictedfrom studying all facets ofportraiture, especially the study ofanatomy and the nude figure.The 19th century was the beginningof the rise of women in art. In part,Europe as a whole was much moreliberal and accepting of womenartists than America. This led asignificant number of Americanexpatriate artists to continuetheir studies in major centerssuch as Paris, London and Rome.Although interest in genre paintingincreased in the United States, itwas especially well received inVictorian England. Portraiturein sculpture was popular amongwomen, bringing artists such asAnne Whitney, Harriet Hosmer andVinnie Ream Hoxie to France orItaly. The avant-garde movementknown as Impressionism,beginning in the 1870s, was widelysupported by female figurativepainters such as Berthe Morisot,Mary Cassatt and Eva Gonzalès.States and included more than 300artists, 50 of whom were women.Female artists in the United Statessaw the liberal attitude towardswomen in Europe and the freedomthat women artists could have incities like New York.Today, a number of female artistscontinue to produce figurativeworks. However, the market forportraiture has diminished sincepostmodernism, which is notclearly defined in figurative, natureor abstract subjects. Formalportraiture today is primarilythrough private commissions.Contemporary figurative worksoften assume the role of social,political and environmentalcommentary, frequently usingtechnology based installationsto create a sensory and/orparticipatory experience.As Post-Impressionism,Expressionism and a number ofother “isms” in art were developingin the early 20th century, womenincreasingly gained in recognition.In fact, the work of women wasnow shown together with thatof men. On February 17, 1913,the Armory Show of ModernArt opened in New York City tothousands of viewers. The ArmoryShow was the first internationalshow of modern art in the United8George Bottini (French, 1874-1907)Adresse Sagot (Sagot’s Gallery), 1898Color lithograph on paper; 11 1/4” x 7 5/16”Miami University Art Museum Purchase through the Patrick A. Spensley Memorial Fund1983.53

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