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English - UNIS

½½ Fact sheet 2For information only—not an official documentA recent UNODC population-based survey on corruptionin Afghanistan also found that more than half of Afghans(52 per cent) had to pay at least one bribe when dealing withpublic officials in the previous 12 months. Afghans rankedpublic dishonesty as a greater concern than insecurity orunemployment.½½ Criminal justice systemsThe data from the UN-CTS shows a median of approximately300 police officers per 100,000 population worldwide for2006 but rates of police officers vary significantly among countries.Rates of prosecution personnel were much lower in allcountries, with a median rate of 6 per 100,000 population.Staff in adult prisons showed huge variations across countriesbetween a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 160 prisonstaff members per 100,000 population, with a median of 51.There seems to be no correlation between rates of policepersonnel and suspects per 100,000 population which suggeststhat having more police officers will not necessarily leadto higher crime clear-up rates.½½ PrisonsThe number of people in prisons has increased over the lastten years in most countries, with a rise of 60-75 per centworldwide.There are a significant number of countries with veryhigh proportions of people detained pending trial which is amajor cause of overcrowding in prisons. More than half ofthe prison population is in pre-trial detention in one third ofcountries in Africa and the Americas (for which data is available)and the greatest overcrowding is also in countries inthese regions.½½ ConclusionThere is an urgent need to improve on the scarcity of statisticson crime and criminal justice at the national, regionaland international level so that a more accurate picture ofcrime in the world can be formed.For further information, visit:www.unis.unvienna.orgwww.unodc.orgwww.crimecongress2010.com.brTo view live webcast, visit:www.un.org/webcast/crime2010

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