Fit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19 ...

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Fit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19 ...

14SECTION 1: ReadingBeispieltest 1Read the passage below and answer the questions.Um Zeit zu sparen …… müssen Sie schnell lesen und denSinn des Textes erfassen.1 Lesen Sie den ersten und den letztenSatz der Einleitung. Der letzte Satzist der Thesensatz; er sagt Ihnen, wovonder Artikel handelt.2 Danach lesen Sie den ersten Satzjedes Abschnitts. Er gibt Auskunft überden Inhalt des Abschnitts. Denken Siebeim späteren Bearbeiten der Aufgabenan diese Sätze; sie helfen Ihnen,den Abschnitt für die jeweils gefragteInformation zu finden.3 Lesen Sie den letzten Abschnittgenauer; er enthält eine Zusammenfassungdes Artikels.Wichtig: Lesen Sie die Abschnitte nieZeile für Zeile, sondern überfliegen Siesie.Reading passageThe fifteenth century was called theRenaissance, which is French for rebirth,and the Italian Renaissance hasoften been expressed as the beginningof the modern epoch and a golden ageof Florentine art. Florence had alreadyexperienced a long and prosperous historyby the 15 th century and had establisheditself as a haven for the freeexchange of ideas for philosophers,scholars and artists. Its most powerfuland wealthy political family at thetime, the Medici, spent astronomicalsums of money on buildings and art forthe beautification and glorification oftheir republic resulting in architectsand artists flocking into the city. Renaissanceart tended to focus on thehuman body with accurate proportionsand the most favored art subjects were religion, portraits and mythology. Thechoice of medium for Renaissance painters was oil paint on stretched canvasadding shadow and light and the use of the vanishing point became popularduring this period. Two of the supreme artists of all time are Leonardo da Vinciand Michelangelo who arose in Florence in the days of her glory.One of the most outstanding masters of the High Renaissance is Leonardo daVinci (1452-1519) who was not only an excellent painter and sculptor, but also architect,musician, scientist, inventor, engineer and mathematician and for thisreason is viewed as the “Renaissance Man.” Historians agree that it was withLeonardo and his work that the High Renaissance began. Born as an illegitimateson of a local lawyer, he took the name of the town in which he was born; Vinci.Fit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1


SECTION 1: Reading 15As a youth, Leonardo was apprenticed to the famous painter and sculptor Andreadel Verrocchio in Florence and was soon admitted to the Florence Painters’Guild in 1472. He also showed interest in natural and physical sciences and hishundreds of drawings proved his unsurpassed skills in draftsmanship.(1) During his twenty-year service to the Duke of Milan he painted the altarpiece;Madonna of the Rocks and the mural; The Last Supper. After returning toFlorence he painted one of his most famous portraits La Gioconda, better knownas the Mona Lisa (1503-6). (2) Besides perfecting the use of the “chiaroscuromethod”, which created an illusion of depth and space around the main figuresin a composition, he also invented an opposite effect, the “sfumato method”, blurringsharp outlines using the subtle blending of one tone into another with thinglazes giving the illusion of three-dimensionality. (3) Because his interests coveredsuch a wide range he completed very few major projects. (4) As a scientist,Leonardo realized the importance of careful observation and documentationand made discoveries in anatomy, meteorology and geology, hydraulics and aerodynamics.It is said that he exhumed corpses to study human anatomy producingmeticulous drawings of the human skeletal, muscular and internal organsystems. As an inventor and engineer he invented many clever aeronautic andwar machines.Another prominent artist was Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564), who becamefamous as a sculptor, painter, architect, engineer and later poet in the Highto Late Italian Renaissance. Born in Caprese, he moved to Florence with hisfamily when he was still a child. He too, was considered a true Renaissance Manbecause of the volume of his sketches, and therefore considered the best-documentedartist of the 16 th century. As an apprentice to the sculptor Bertoldo diGiovanni, he found sculpting to be a true passion with the belief that every stonehad a sculpture within it if all the parts that were not part of the sculpture werejust chipped away. His magnificent sculptures caught the attention of the Medicifamily which then supported him financially. His most famous statues includeDavid, and Pietá. Michelangelo was a devout Christian and under the patronageof Pope Julius II, was commissioned to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel(1508-1512). This complex composition contained over 300 figures based on nineepisodes of the Book of Genesis divided into three groups – God’s creation ofEarth, God’s creation of Mankind depicted as Adam and Eve in the Garden ofEden, and the Great Flood representing their fall from God’s grace. Although heFit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1


16SECTION 1: Readingwas commissioned for many projects, many of them were never completed. Hislast completed project was the fresco of The Last Judgement (1534-1541) underthe patronage of Pope Clementine VII. There was so much protest about the depictionsof nakedness in the papal chapel which was considered sacrilegious,that it was censored despite the Pope’s resistance. Ultimately, one of Michelangelo’sapprentices was sent in to “touch it up.” Moreover, this was not the onlypiece of Michelangelo’s work which was censored. His architectural skills wereproven when he was appointed to complete many incomplete projects whichhad been started by others. One of these was the Saint Peter’s Basilica in theVatican for which he designed the dome.The Florentine Renaissance was obsessed with competition and thus theFlorentine government commissioned both Leonardo and Michelangelo to producea scene from the history of Florence to adorn the walls of the Council Roomof the Town Hall. Expectations of both artists were high. Leonardo was a generationolder and had already established his reputation as a great painter. Michelangelomust have been worried since he prized himself more as a sculptor andhad not painted very much by that time. He had grown up hearing about Leonardo’sfame and was often heard making negative remarks about his older rival.Ultimately, neither artist actually won the competition because Michelangelonever painted his and Leonardo ruined his work. Nevertheless, the Florence officialsannounced Michelangelo the victor which helped launch the youngerartist on his career earning him major commissions in Rome. Leonardo, notwanting to be looked down upon by Italy’s art patrons despite his more establishedreputation, went to France and was commissioned by the French court.All the recognized masterpieces were created during the Renaissance and itwas truly an artistic period in history. Ultimately, the artistic duel and lost battlebetween Leonardo and Michelangelo was a dramatic and defining point in theRenaissance. Artists after this time did not experiment with new techniques, butinstead copied the techniques of these great predecessors.Prüfungstipp:Mit Erscheinen der Aufgabe, wird aufder anderen Bildschirmseite der Absatzeingeblendet, in dem die entsprechendeAntwort zu finden ist.Fit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1


SECTION 1: Reading 17Questions1 Based on paragraph 1, which of the following is the best definition forRenaissance?A prosperityB modern epochC a new beginningD a golden age2 According to paragraph 2 “Renaissance Man” means:A Someone with innovative ideas.B Someone who is a great painter.C Someone who was born in the 15 th century.D Someone who was highly skilled.3 The “High Renaissance” beganA when da Vinci was born.B when da Vinci started producing his masterpieces.C when da Vinci went to live in France.D when da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa.4 In paragraph 2, the “chiaroscuro method“A was developed by Leonardo da Vinci.B used glazes to create an illusion of three-dimensionality.C was a technique used to create depth around an objectin the painting.D was a method used in drawings.5 In Paragraph 2 there are four numbered spaces. Where does thefollowing sentence best fit? Circle the correct number below.The veiled mistiness in the Mona Lisa is an excellent example of this method.1 2 3 4Fit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1


18SECTION 1: Reading6 What is the meaning of “it” in this sentence in paragraph 3?There was so much protest about the depictions of nakedness in the papalchapel which was considered sacrilegious, that it was censored despite thePope’s resistance.A the fresco of The Last JudgementB the naked figures in the fresco of The Last JudgementC the statue of DavidD most of Michelangelo’s work7 The word “obsessed” at the beginning of paragraph 4 means:A dote onB commonC tolerateD observe8 The word “launch” in the same paragraph means:A to supportB to contractC to hireD to establish9 What can be inferred about Michelangelo from the paragraph?A He was more popular than Leonardo.B He was more creative than Leonardo.C He was more experimental than Leonardo.D He was wealthier than Leonardo.10 How can this sentence in paragraph 5 be interpreted?The artistic duel and lost battle between Leonardo and Michelangelowas a dramatic and defining point in the Renaissance.A It was the end of the High Renaissance.B It was a highlight of the Renaissance.C It was obvious that neither of them was as great as at first believed.D After this time Leonardo retired and Michelangelo worked as anarchitect.Fit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1


SECTION 1: Reading 1911 Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo were similar in many ways except:A they both created new methods of painting with oil paints.B they both lived during the Renaissance.C neither of them considered painting to be their best skill.D neither of them finished many of their projects.12 Select the four main ideas (A–D) from the answer choices below (1–8)as a summary of the whole reading passage.ABCDAnswer Choices:1 Leonardo da Vinci was considered to have initiated the High Renaissanceperiod.2 The Medici family had a great impact on Florence during the Renaissance.3 There was a competition between Leonardo and Michelangelo.4 Michelangelo’s fresco of The Last Judgement was censored.5 Leonardo created a new technique in painting in oil that many painters afterhim copied.6 Many great pieces of art were created during the Renaissance.7 Leonardo worked for the French court.8 Clementine VII became Pope.Beispieltest 2Read the passage below and answer the questions.Reading passageWhat is Knowledge Management? Is it getting the right information to theright people at the right time? Is it technology, or the web? Although this looseterm has been around for over a decade, not many people can put their finger onits true definition. KM, as it is commonly referred to, is basically identifying,documenting and distributing organizational practices, individual knowledgeFit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1


26 SECTION 2: Listening LectureLectureWie der Lesetext im Reading Teil hat auch die Lecture eine festgelegte Struktur:Einleitung, Details und Beispiele, Schlussfolgerung. Sie können während desHörens Notizen machen. (Achtung: Manche Vorlesungen können sehr abruptenden.)Während des Hörens sollten Sie:• den Vorsatz bzw. Zweck der Vorlesung erkennen. Das Thema wird in derRegel in dem ersten Satz vorgestellt, deswegen müssen Sie von Beginn angut zuhören.• den Schwerpunkt beachten und Beispiele, Vergleiche, Ursachen und Auswirkungenerkennen.• den Ton und die Einstellung des Sprechers beachten – ist sie/er dem Themagegenüber positiv, negativ oder neutral eingestellt?• Verbindungswörter beachten (however, additionally, usw.) – so erkennt mandie Logik und die Richtung der Vorlesung.Geraten Sie nicht in Panik, wenn Sie nicht jedes Wort der Vorlesung verstehen.Wichtig ist, dass Sie den Gedankengängen folgen können.Stellen Sie sich während des Hörens immer die folgenden zwei Fragen:• Was ist das Thema der Vorlesung?• Welche wesentlichen Gründe und Fakten werden genannt?01Beispieltest 1Listen to the following lecture and answer the questions.Nicht zu viele Notizen!Machen Sie nicht zu viele Notizen –das lenkt ab. Hören Sie lieber genauzu. Wenige Notizen von wichtigenWörtern und Fakten zu machen,reicht völlig aus. Diese sind hilfreichbei den Zusammenfassungen.Fit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1


Lecture SECTION 2: Listening 27Questions1 What is the main purpose of the lecture?A To explain the history of Troy.B To explain how news was carried in times before the alphabet.C To illustrate that it is not the story itself, but the way it is writtenthat makes the difference between a good and bad story.D To prove that the story of the Iliad was a myth.2 Why does the professor talk about Homer?A Because he wrote the first history book about Ancient Greece.B To explain that he was a popular singer at that time.C Because it was Homer’s version of the fall of Troy that fascinatedreaders.D To prove that he was a fictitious person.023 What does the professor imply about Homer?A He believed the stories he had heard.B He was a scholar.C He copied other storytellers’ stories.D He created his own version of what he had heard.4 Listen again to part of the lecture, then answer the question you will hear.A The professor does not believe that the story of the Iliad iscompletely true.B We can assume that the story is a myth.C We can assume that Homer was not the only person to createthis story.D We can assume that there is some truth in Homer’s story.5 What proof of Troy’s existence is there in the lecture?A Heinrich Schliemann found cities dating back over a period of3,500 years.B The Ancient Greeks invaded the city to control the waterwaybetween the Mediterranean and Black Seas.C There is evidence that the city of Troy was destroyed.D The Ancient Greeks were great warriors.Fit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1


28 SECTION 2: Listening Lecture6 Put the events in the correct order. This question is worth 2 points.Events:ABCDE1 The German archaeologist, Heinrich Schliemann conducted excavations atthe place where Troy was believed to have stood.2 Homer created the epic story of the Iliad.3 The Trojan War probably took place.4 The Greek alphabet was created.5 Minstrels wandered from place to place singing about events they had seenand/or heard about.03Beispieltest 2Listen to the following lectureand answer the questions.Questions1 What is the main purpose of the lecture?A To illustrate the various cultural audience expectationsof a presentation.B To explain how to prepare for an international presentation.C To give examples of good presentations.D To explain that Anglo-Saxon style presentations are boringto the rest of the world.Fit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1


30 SECTION 2: Listening Conversation6 The professor mentions some features of two different styles ofpresenting. Mark the correct box for each phrase.A Presentation should not exceed 30 minutesB A short and eloquent talkC Convince the audience with factsD Use a hook in the introductionAnglo-SaxonLatinConversationIn diesem Prüfungsteil hören Sie Gespräche, die in der Regel ein generellesProblem behandeln. Die anschließenden Aufgaben variieren; Sie werden z. B.nach dem Grund des Gesprächs oder konkreten Detailinformation gefragt, oderman bittet Sie, eine Schlussfolgerung ziehen. Des Weiteren ist es möglich, dassman Ihnen einen Satz des Gesprächs erneut vorspielt und Sie bittet, diesen zuinterpretieren.05Beispieltest 1Listen to the followingconversation and answer thequestions.Fit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1


72 SECTION 4: Writing Independent Writing TaskBeispieltest 1In diesem Mustertest sind die Antworten schon vorgegeben. Falls Sie die Aufgabejedoch zum Üben nutzen wollen, bedecken Sie die rechte Seite der Tabelle.Die Tabelle an sich erscheint in der Prüfung selbst nicht, sondern dient nur alsStrukturierungshilfe für die Antworten.QuestionDo you agree or disagree with the following statement?Always telling the truth is the most important consideration in any relationship.Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.Answer1. Absatz – Einleitung• Aufhänger• Thema nennen• These formulieren2. Absatz – Inhalt• 1. Grund• Detail: Grund 1• Bezug zur These“Honesty is the best policy” is a famous proverb.Telling the truth is therefore a very importantconsideration in all relationships.It is an ethical issue in our society.Because honesty is so ingrained into our socialethics, if we are found out at not being truthful itcan break any relationship whether in business,private or in society in general.Firstly, in many cultures a promise with a handshakein business is regarded as a contract by law.If you do not hold that promise you are not considereda fair and honest person or company,giving you a bad reputation. Very few, if any, companiescan stay in business for very long if theyhave a reputation of doing dishonest deeds. Evenwithin a company, if you are not honest with yourboss you may lose your job. It is sometimes extremelydifficult to tell a customer that theirgoods will not be delivered on time, or to admit toyour boss that you have made a mistake.Nevertheless, the consequences of telling a lieare far more dangerous than telling the truth.Fit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1


Independent Writing Task SECTION 4: Writing 733. Absatz – Inhalt• 2. Grund• Detail: Grund 2• Bezug zur These4. Absatz – Inhalt• 3. Grund• Detail: Grund 3• Bezug zur TheseFor the same reason it is equally important totell the truth to your family and friends. If, as parentsyou do not tell the truth and break promisesto your spouse and children, especially your childrenwill feel that it is an acceptable trait and willpractice it themselves. They will find it difficult tofind nice friends and develop good relationshipswith others because of this. Many marriages haveended in divorce because of lack of trust.Trust is based on telling the truth and is a corevalue in a marriage and family.A final reason why telling the truth is important,is when we consider politics.All of us have experienced political party leaderspromising all kinds of advantages to their citizensand yet when they are voted into power can’t, ordecide not to keep any or very few of these promises.This has given politicians a very bad reputation,but seems to be the only area in societywhere blatant lying is tolerated.We all know that we can’t trust politicians ingeneral and it is the few who we feel we can believethat win our favor.5. Absatz – Schlussfolgerung• These wiederholen In conclusion, trust is based on telling the truth.It is a core value in most societies around theworld.• Endgültige Aussage Without trust, business and private relationshipsdeteriorate.(407 words )Fit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1


74 SECTION 4: Writing Independent Writing TaskBeispieltest 2Die bereitstehende Vorlage kann als Orientierungs-/Strukturierungshilfe genutztwerden; sie steht jedoch in der Prüfung nicht zur Verfügung. Eine mögliche Antwortfinden Sie im Lösungsschlüssel.QuestionDo you agree or disagree with the following statement?One should never judge a person by external appearance. Use specific reasonsand details to support your answer.Answer1. Absatz – Einleitung• Aufhänger• Thema nennen• These formulieren2. Absatz – Inhalt• 1. Grund• Detail: Grund 1• Bezug zur TheseFit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1


Independent Writing Task SECTION 4: Writing 753. Absatz – Inhalt• 2. Grund• Detail: Grund 2• Bezug zur These4. Absatz – Inhalt• 3. Grund• Detail: Grund 3• Bezug zur These5. Absatz – Schlussfolgerung• These wiederholen• Endgültige AussageFit für TOEFL © 2012 Hueber Verlag, Ismaning, ISBN 978-3-19-209423-1

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