Handbook - Partnership for Young London

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Handbook - Partnership for Young London

Gang & Group OffendersA practitioner’s handbook of ideas& interventions


HomeBackgroundProcessesInterventionsMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingTrainingAppendixUSING THIS HANDBOOKFOREWORDCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONUsing this handbookHomeBackgroundProcessesInterventions Menu ofinterventions Staff trainingTrainingAppendix• The tabs at the top of the page give you access to each of the sections within the handbook• The ‘home’ tab will take you back to the cover page• The arrows take you chronologically backwards and forwards through thepages within each section• The sub-navigation on the left of the page will take you directly to a specific part of the section– simply click on the heading.• Any text that is underlined indicates a live link that will take you directly to the relevant document/page/website when clicked.• Within every intervention included in this handbook we invite you to rate how useful this informationwas to you – ‘good’, ‘average’ or ‘poor’. Click on the relevant face icon which willautomatically open your email and pre-populate a message that is sent directly to our team.


HomeBackgroundProcessesInterventionsMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingTrainingAppendixUSING THIS HANDBOOKFOREWORDCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONForewordLondon is a safe place to live and work but werecognise that there is significant public concernaround gang and group offending and the complexneeds presented by this group.This handbook has been developed to supportpractitioners in delivering this priority. It is based onvaluable learning from a new approach to managinggang and group offending called the PathwaysProgramme (Pathways). Pathways aims to reducegang violence by supporting those who wish toexit their gang lifestyle, while simultaneously usingrobust enforcement techniques against those whocontinue to engage in serious violence.This handbook was commissioned as a tool toshare different approaches used across Londonand to encourage further innovation.The handbook can be the start of ourorganisational memory. Its range of ideas coversthe holistic approach of managing gang and groupoffenders, in line with the principles of Pathways.It seeks to complement the Mayor of London’sProject Oracle by encouraging the use of theLondon Evaluation Toolkit on as many of theseinterventions as possible, for us to know whatreally works to reduce gang and group offending.It is a live document and future editions willcontain more and more ideas for practitioners toconsider.Thank you to all of those who gave their time andwho contributed their knowledge and ideas tothis handbook. It is an important tool in our jointaim to make London safer.Andrew MorleyChief ExecutiveLondon Criminal Justice Partnership


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUSING THIS HANDBOOKFOREWORDCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONContentsHome• Using this handbook• Foreword• Contents• IntroductionBackground• Understanding gang & group offending• The London Narrative• Characteristics of gang & group offendingProcesses• Introduction• Agencies working together• Agency roles & responsibilities– Local Authority– Education– Police– Victim Support– Crown Prosecution Service– Youth Offending Service– London Probation Trust– HM Prisons• Risk & Case Management toolsMenu of interventions• Introduction• Menu of interventions– A-Z– By agency involved– By gang & group offending characteristics– By target audience– By pathways principleStaff trainingAppendix• Feedback• Glossary of terms• Contact details• Contributions & acknowledgements


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUSING THIS HANDBOOKFOREWORDCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONIntroductionLondon has seen some significant decreases in crime, including violence, overthe last ten years 1 :• There were 38 fewer homicides in 2009-2010, and the total number of offences fell to theirlowest level for at least ten years.• 2,399 fewer young people were victims of violence than in 2007-08, a reduction of 11.9% intwo years.• Serious acquisitive crime has fallen to its lowest level in at least ten years.• Despite a slight rise of 2.2% since 2008-09, knife crime remains down by 11.1% on 2007-08levels.1http://www.met.police.uk/crimefigures/ 22 April 2010continued >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUSING THIS HANDBOOKFOREWORDCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONUniquenessThe handbook is likely to be unique in three ways:1. It recognises there are already substantial amounts of guidance and toolkits in existence. Thisdocument collates information from multiple agencies into one place.2. It purposefully has a London focus. The interventions have all been used in London – contactdetails and even some example case studies are provided.3. The scope is purposefully loose to capture a broad range of work from early intervention toreduce the recruitment of young people into gangs, through to enforcing the law on organisedcriminals. It is targeted at individuals at risk of gang and group offending, as well as thosealready involved.Methodology >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUSING THIS HANDBOOKFOREWORDCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONMethodologyThis document has been produced using the knowledge and expertise of Londonpractitioners who work with individuals at risk of, or involved in, gang and group offending.The Processes section uses practitioner interviews about how they manage individuals on aday-to-day basis. The interventions have been sourced from the:• Multi-agency Working Group who helped produce this document;• Metropolitan Police Authority’s Joint Engagement Meetings (JEMs), www.mpa.gov.uk/partnerships/jems, which are part of Met Forward;• Youth Justice Board; and• Practitioners.Third Sector Organisations >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUSING THIS HANDBOOKFOREWORDCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONThird Sector OrganisationsThis handbook recognises and acknowledges the extensive number of Third Sector Organisations 1that are involved in managing gang and group offenders. The experience, expertise, enthusiasm andcommitment is valued immensely by the London Criminal Justice Partnership and its partners.The number of Third Sector Organisations delivering interventions for gang or group offenders isvast and for the purposes of this handbook, cannot all be included. Therefore the criteria for anyintervention to appear in this handbook are:1. The intervention must be connected to atleast one of the London Criminal JusticePartners or the contributing statutoryagencies, such as local authorities. Theconnection may be that funding, content orresources have been, or are being, provided bythe statutory agency.2. The handbook cannot and does not promoteany one Third Sector Organisation overanother. Where a Third Sector Organisation hascontributed in the delivery of the intervention,it is named to accurately reflect the concept.However, other delivery partners may beavailable.1The term Third Sector Organisation refers to charities, voluntary organisations, community organisations, social enterprises, black and minority ethnic(BME) sector organisations and faith organisations including religious institutions. Source: http://www.cwdcouncil.org.uk/third-sector/what 8 April 2010More ideas >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUSING THIS HANDBOOKFOREWORDCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONMore ideasNew ideas and interventions are continually being highlighted and this collection ofinterventions is a sample of the ideas and approaches being used. It is not possible tocapture all, so there is benefit in refreshing this document in the future.It is anticipated that future editions may containinformation about:• health referrals and interventions;• housing;• adult prison processes;• social networking and the use of the internet;• UK Border Agency tactics;• transport;• tools for assessing the risk of violence againstwomen and girls; and• interventions for individuals aged +18 years.The Specialist Crime Prevention & Partnership Unit(SCD3) in the Metropolitan Police Service will maintainthis document throughout 2010-11. New interventionswill be collated via a range of forums, includingthe ongoing Metropolitan Police Authority’s JointEngagement Meetings, and added continually. Existinginformation will be reviewed and refreshed periodically.Additional interventions will be stored on the LondonCriminal Justice Partnership (LCJP) Resources& Guidance webpage, www.lcjb.cjsonline.gov.uk/London/4068.html, next to this handbook prior to itbeing reviewed and refreshed.If you would like to submit a new intervention orupdate the current information, please contact SCD3Mailbox – Prevention & Partnership.Not an evidence base >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUSING THIS HANDBOOKFOREWORDCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONNot an evidence baseThere is a growing appetite among practitioners, managers and politicians alike, to know‘what really works’ to reduce gang and group offending. This requires quality evaluation,with consistency and quality control over a sustained period of time. This document is notan evidence base of effective interventions.• It does NOT state how effective an interventionis in reducing gang and group offending.• It cannot promise value for money.• It does not provide any scientific evidence ofthe intervention’s performance.Currently, the interventions may not have beenevaluated or the quality of the evaluation isunknown. The evaluation status of each is notspecified. The handbook cannot identify andpromote proven good practice. This requiresa London-wide quality evaluation standard.Therefore this document supports the Mayorof London’s Project Oracle, which is developinga London Evaluation Toolkit. This is a naturalprogression to a stronger understanding of whatconstitutes effective practice in reducing gangand group offending.Project Oracle >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUSING THIS HANDBOOKFOREWORDCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONProject Oracle (the London Evaluation Toolkit)The Mayor of London’s Project Oracle aims to establish a coordinated London-wide wayof understanding and sharing what really works – with an initial focus on preventing andtackling youth violence in London. As the project develops, it will become a resource for allservices working to improve young people’s lives in London.Project Oracle will produce:1. An Evaluation Toolkit for London to helpagencies and commissioners to evaluate andimprove work including:– independent best-practice standards ofevidence against which everyone can assessinterventions;– a project assessment framework, forintervention managers to apply to eachintervention; andThe Greater London Authority will providesupport to the process to ensure independenceand credibility.2. A web-based repository of interventions thathave utilised the evaluation toolkit to measurethe effectiveness. The website will increasethe availability of evidence to guide effectivecommissioning and policy development.– a self assessment tool to support interventionmanagers to improve its effectiveness.


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUNDERSTANDING GANG& GROUP OFFENDINGTHE LONDON NARRATIVECHARACTERISTICS OFGANG & GROUP OFFENDINGWhat do we mean by gang offending?The issue of what defines a gang continues to run, even in the USA, where they have beentackling the issue for longer. There is no agreement nationally as to what defines a gang.A number of statutory agencies have their owndefinitions that tend to agree on the followingpoints, although details may differ:• Gangs form part of the continuum frompeer groups through to Organised CriminalNetworks.• There is some kind of group identity that isrecognised by the group and others.However, we also recognise that gangs in Londonare very fluid and chaotic – individuals may movein and out, and between gangs fairly rapidly,and will not always fit a precise definition. It isimportant that we recognise that not all groupsof young people are gangs, and that we targetthe criminal and violent behaviour of individualsrather than the group.• Criminality and violence are integral to thegroup’s identity and solidarity.What do we mean by group offending? >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUNDERSTANDING GANG& GROUP OFFENDINGTHE LONDON NARRATIVECHARACTERISTICS OFGANG & GROUP OFFENDINGWhat do we mean by group offending?Not all individuals that commit crime and violence as part of a group will considerthemselves a gang, nor do we want to label them as such. However, being part of a groupthat is involved in criminality increases the risk of offending, as well as increasing thefrequency and level of violence used in the offending.What do we mean by violence?The police, Home Office and Government sometimes appear to all use different measurements of ‘violence’.However, this handbook recognises that there is acontinuum of violence from anti-social behaviourto street robbery, hate crime, domestic violence,and gang shootings, through to murder.It acknowledges that gang and group offending isonly one part of a much wider violence agenda,therefore this handbook, although it offers abroad range of interventions to reduce gang andgroup offending, is only one tool to tackle onepart of the anti-violence agenda. Efforts will bemade to ensure coordination of this handbookwith the wider anti-violence agenda in London.


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUNDERSTANDING GANG& GROUP OFFENDINGTHE LONDON NARRATIVECHARACTERISTICS OFGANG & GROUP OFFENDINGThe London NarrativeThe Tackling Gangs Action Programme (TGAP) Monitoring data report 1 demonstrates thatLondon has an entirely different narrative compared to the other TGAP areas 2 .In London 86% of gang members are blackAfrican-Caribbean, in comparison to Liverpool, forexample, where 93% of gang members are white.The Metropolitan Police Service’s analysis ofyouth homicides in London in 2007 also showsthat over 80% of the victims come from Blackand Minority Ethnic groups, especially AfricanCaribbean. A significant percentage of victimsand offenders were not born in the UK.a number of government departments andagencies. Therefore any attempts to resolve theseissues alone, for example through enforcementpolicing only, are almost always bound to fail.However, gang and group-related violence andoffending springs from a range of complexsocial problems that is the responsibility of1http://www.crimereduction.homeoffice.gov.uk/testbed/violentstreet011a.pdf 14 April 20102West Midlands, Merseyside, Greater Manchestercontinued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUNDERSTANDING GANG& GROUP OFFENDINGTHE LONDON NARRATIVECHARACTERISTICS OFGANG & GROUP OFFENDINGThe London NarrativeSome of the drivers of violence which contributeto the existence of gangs are evident:• poverty;• lack of aspiration;• unemployment;• alcohol;• changing family make up; and• poor child rearing 1 .The presence of these factors, as well as otherssuch as mental health, learning difficulties,migration and social exclusion can make certainindividuals more vulnerable to being at risk of, orinvolved in, gang and group offending.Furthermore, there is a ‘perfect storm’ of factorswithin London which suggest an aggravation ofthe current situation:• Recession – almost a third of children in innerLondon are living in workless households.• Low educational attainment – the highestworklessness rates among adults in the UK.• Three low-skilled residents for every low-skilledjob.• A 22.6% increase in births 2 .There can be little doubt that violence will remaina strategic priority for many years, and longerterm planning and enhanced information sharingacross agencies is needed.1Farrington D P, ‘Key results from the first 40 years of the Cambridge study in delinquent development’ in Thornberry T P, & Krohn M D (eds)‘Taking stock of delinquency: An overview of findings from contemporary longitudinal studies’, pp137-183, New York: Kluwer/Plenum 2003.2Investing for Recovery - A report from the Greater London Authority and London Councils, 2009.


Home ProcessesBackgroundMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUNDERSTANDING GANG& GROUP OFFENDINGTHE LONDON NARRATIVECHARACTERISTICS OFGANG & GROUP OFFENDINGCharacteristics of gang & group offendingFor the purpose of this handbook, some common characteristics of gang and groupoffending have been identified.These are (in alphabetical order):10. Post conviction1. Age2. Conflict resolution3. Cultural groups11. Victims12. Violent extremism13. Weapons4. Enforcement5. Engagement6. Gang behaviour7. Gender8. Locations and territorialityThese thirteen characteristics offer opportunitiesfor a broad range of intervention. The menu ofinterventions seeks to offer a sample of ideas foreach of these.9. ParentingAge >>


Home ProcessesBackgroundMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUNDERSTANDING GANG& GROUP OFFENDINGTHE LONDON NARRATIVECharacteristics of gang & group offendingAgeConflict resolutionCHARACTERISTICS OFGANG & GROUP OFFENDINGAlthough overall levels of violence in London aredecreasing, the involvement of young people inviolence has increased as an overall percentageof this figure.Current focus from the Government, throughthe Tackling Knives Action Plan and YouthCrime Action Plan, is on young people involvedin violent offending. Interventions need toaddress individuals from early years through toadulthood.A number of the homicides in 2009/10 took placewithin the context of escalating inter-gang feuds orrevenge attacks. There were also a small numberthat took place in the context of gang fights.Along with a trend of violence arising from minordisputes, there is evidence that these incidentscontinue as retaliatory assaults over a significantperiod, either as pre-planned confrontations orunintended meetings. A common theme is theoccurrence of pre-cursor events in the form ofsmaller clashes, which then escalate.The use of conflict resolution interventionsis essential to prevent minor disagreementsescalating to ongoing incidents of seriousviolence.Cultural groups >>


Home ProcessesBackgroundMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUNDERSTANDING GANG& GROUP OFFENDINGTHE LONDON NARRATIVECharacteristics of gang & group offendingCultural groups EnforcementCHARACTERISTICS OFGANG & GROUP OFFENDINGBlack and Minority Ethnic (BME) males aredisproportionally represented in the criminaljustice system, with 85% of homicidevictims aged 10-19 in 2009 coming from BMEcommunities.While it is recognised that this is due to the highlevelsof BME communities living in deprivationwith the associated factors, it may be useful touse interventions that address the specific needsof BME communities, and those individuals whowere not born in the UK, in relation to gang andgroup offending.Where individuals have committed a criminaloffence, they will be subject to investigation bypolice and every opportunity will be taken toenforce the law and hold them accountable fortheir actions. There is specialist legislation forviolent individuals as well as numerous piecesof legislation that can be used across statutorypartners, from housing and tenancy agreementsto confiscation under the Proceeds of Crime Act,to immigration-related enforcement activity.The response from police and criminal justiceagencies will always be proportionate tothe offence committed and dependant onappropriate evidence being in place. However,the extensive range of legislation should beutilised to reduce gang and group offending, andto disrupt organised criminal networks.Engagement >>


Home ProcessesBackgroundMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUNDERSTANDING GANG& GROUP OFFENDINGTHE LONDON NARRATIVECharacteristics of gang & group offendingEngagementCHARACTERISTICS OFGANG & GROUP OFFENDINGA common theme emerging is the link betweenolder male siblings or relatives acting as aconduit for younger male family members toenter into delinquent behaviour.Evidence from the Network Alliance suggests thatyoung people on the fringes of serious offendingmay ensure the continuation of gang violence,through association with older criminals fromgroupings based on social ties, friendship, androle models. There is even evidence of older gangmembers ‘grooming’ young people by involvingthem in the margins of criminal activity.Engagement with those vulnerable to becominginvolved in gang and group offending is essential.An alternative must be offered. Positive activitiessuch as advocacy services and life skills mustbe accessible to this ‘at risk’ group to succeed inpreventing those on the periphery from becominginvolved in offending and violence, but also tosupport those who wish to exit the lifestyle.Gang behaviour >>


Home ProcessesBackgroundMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUNDERSTANDING GANG& GROUP OFFENDINGTHE LONDON NARRATIVECharacteristics of gang & group offendingGang behaviourCHARACTERISTICS OFGANG & GROUP OFFENDINGThe term ‘gang’ often means different thingsto different people. It is recognised that not allgroups of young people are gangs, nor that allviolence committed by young people is linkedto gang membership. However, there are a smallnumber of groups in London for whom violenceis integral to the identity and solidarity of theirgroup – they assume collective honour, andcollective responsibility, for criminal acts.Indeed coercion and exploitation becomemore powerful forces when used within groupdynamics.Individual behaviour, including personalresponsibility, needs to be addressed alongwith the realities and myths of gang and groupdynamics and association when in a criminalcontext. Exit strategies must be available forthose individuals that want to change theirbehaviour.Gender >>


Home ProcessesBackgroundMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUNDERSTANDING GANG& GROUP OFFENDINGTHE LONDON NARRATIVECharacteristics of gang & group offendingGenderLocations and territorialityCHARACTERISTICS OFGANG & GROUP OFFENDINGThe majority of gang and group offendersare male. However females are playing anincreasingly significant role in offending, both asvictims and perpetrators.Women-specific interventions are requiredbecause girls and young women take differentroutes when getting involved in, and gettingout of, gangs. There is also the risk of violenceagainst women and girls to consider as a factorfor their involvement and there is a need forbespoke interventions to support girls and youngwomen affected by violence. Some gang andgroup offending interventions need to be womenonlyand/or women-specific to meet their needs.Serious violence is concentrated in some ofthe most deprived wards in London. Some ofthe violence in London has its roots in youngpeople segregating themselves from others anddemarcating themselves from others based onfamiliar landmarks or a particular postcode.A number of gangs identified in London haveadopted names that reference the areas andcommunities in which they live and some of theseare using graffiti to mark their territories. Byfocusing on the ‘worst of the worst’ locations, weare likely to have a significant impact on levels ofoffending.Community development, situational preventionand enforcement activity is needed to reduce theviolence associated with particular territoriesand locations. Parenting >>


Home ProcessesBackgroundMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUNDERSTANDING GANG& GROUP OFFENDINGTHE LONDON NARRATIVECharacteristics of gang & group offendingParentingPost-convictionCHARACTERISTICS OFGANG & GROUP OFFENDINGAs the number of individuals at risk of, andinvolved in, gang and group offending widens,those on the periphery are often from stablebackgrounds, unknown to statutory agenciesand their involvement may be unknown to theirparents/carers.Information, support and advice should beavailable for parents/carers to increase theirunderstanding of the issues their children face.Positive parenting can often prevent those on theperiphery of offending, from getting involved, butcan also provide support to those wishing to exitfrom the gang and group offending lifestyle.A significant number of the individuals comingto the attention of police as gang and groupoffenders have previous convictions. Indeed anumber of the young victims of homicide overthe last three years have been known to theirlocal Youth Offending Teams.Therefore there are opportunities to preventfurther offending, and victimisation, for a numberof high-risk individuals through delivering moresupport work post-conviction.Victims >>


Home ProcessesBackgroundMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUNDERSTANDING GANG& GROUP OFFENDINGTHE LONDON NARRATIVECharacteristics of gang & group offendingVictimsCHARACTERISTICS OFGANG & GROUP OFFENDINGThere is a close link between the victimsand offenders of gang and group offending– individuals that come to the notice of statutoryagencies are often just as likely to be a victim asthey are to being a perpetrator.Research has also identified that victims ofviolence are vulnerable to becoming involvedin gang and group offending themselves for anumber of reasons 1 :• Retaliatory violence;• Displacement retaliation; or• The victim befriending the offenders.Conversely, violent offenders are also thoughtto be more likely to become victims due toretaliatory violence by their own victims. Theyare also considered to be less protected byadults in authority because of negative attitudestowards them as offenders, again, makingthem more vulnerable to becoming a victimthemselves. Interventions are needed to protectindividuals from becoming a victim, from repeatvictimisation, and consequently becoming aperpetrator.1‘Hoodie or Goodie: The link between violent victimisation and offending in young people.’ Victim Support. September 2007Violent extremism >>


Home ProcessesBackgroundMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixUNDERSTANDING GANG& GROUP OFFENDINGTHE LONDON NARRATIVECharacteristics of gang & group offendingViolent extremismWeaponsCHARACTERISTICS OFGANG & GROUP OFFENDINGThe reasons young people become affiliatedwith gangs and groups range from protection,to excitement, to fear, and a wanting to belong.There are some parallels between these reasonsand of those individuals becoming involved inviolent extremism, although the motivation maybe different.Interventions tackling violent extremism mayhave additional benefits for tackling gangand group-related violence, while gang andgroup-specific interventions may also assist inpreventing violent extremism.The levels of knife crime have reduced in recentmonths and while the levels of gun crime haveincreased, gun-enabled offences in Londonare still lower than they were five-years ago.However, it is clear that the trend is for youngeroffenders to carry and use knives and firearmsin the commission of offences. The use ofdangerous dogs is also becoming apparent.Greater awareness of the consequences ofweapon-enabled crime is needed to prevent thelevels of this crime type from increasing in thefuture, while additional enforcement activity isrequired to stem the current weapon carriage.


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESRISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLS“There can be little doubt that violencewill remain a strategic priority for manyyears, and longer term planning andenhanced information sharing acrossagencies is needed”


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESRISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSIntroductionThis section provides a working overview of how the London Criminal JusticePartnership and other statutory agencies manage gang or group offenders. Itclarifies the roles of various practitioners in London.It is written in the order that an individual may progress through mainstream services, into,and then out of, the criminal justice system.The scope includes:• Individuals who are at risk of gang or group offending, either as a vulnerable person ora sibling or friend of a gang member.• Individuals involved in serious gang or group offending.• Individuals who are looking to exit the lifestyle.continued >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERIntroductionEach agency’s role is described step by step using the following headings, as appropriate:AGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESRISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSIdentification: This is how the agency identifiesthe individual in relation to gang and groupoffending, or how the individual is referred, andinformation received, from elsewhere.Risk Assessment: This is how the agencyassesses the individual’s risk of harm to self,risk of harm to others and risk of harm fromothers, specifically in relation to gang and groupoffending.Case Management: This is how staff in theagency manage the individual on a day-to-daybasis. The process is used for all cases, but islikely to lead to bespoke development plans tomeet the individual’s needs, drawing from themenu of interventions. Some risk managementand case management processes are multiagency– they are described separately in Risk &Case Management Tools.continued >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESRISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSIntroductionThis is NOT a definitive, nor a comprehensiveguide of business processes. It is a collectionof some of the processes being used in Londontoday and highlights:• where multi agency working occurs; and• when it may be useful to refer to the menu ofinterventions.Where there is further, more detailed guidanceavailable, this is referenced. Each informationsource is also provided.It may be useful to practitioners who are settingup gang or group offender management systems,to strategists who are looking for ideas to makefuture improvements, and to new practitioners, tounderstand how the partners work together.


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESRISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSAgencies working togetherA range of agencies in London have a specific role, as part of their daily business, in managingindividuals at risk of, and involved in gang and group offending.This is summarised in the process overviewchart on the next page.“Reducing gang and group offending” process overview chart >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESRISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSAgencies working together – to reduce gang & group offendingClick on each agency in the chart for more detail about their roles & responsibilitiesEARLYINTERVENTIONA range of agencies in London have a specific role, Preventing as part situational of crime; their daily business, Delivering prevention in managingthroughMetropolitanProtecting vulnerable individuals;education to allindividuals at risk of, andPoliceinvolvedServicein gang and group Promoting offending. community cohesion; This is summarised below.PREVENTIONREACTIONREHABILITATIONSOCIAL INCLUSIONAiding prevention bybuilding policing confidencewithin local communitiesVictimSupportProviding emotional & practicalsupport to victims to preventrepeat victimisationSupporting victims throughcourt proceedingsYouth OffendingService (YOT)Delivering community punishments safelyAddressing rehabilitation needs & supportingyouths in exiting offendingLocal AuthorityEnhancing community safety.Organising multi-agency riskmanagement meetingsin response to incidentsMetropolitanPolice ServiceEnforcing the law onindividuals who commit crimeCrown Prosecution ServiceReviewing, advising & prosecuting cases or offeringappropriate out-of-court disposal to offendersCourtsHM Prison ServiceManaging risk of harm toensure safety ofoffenders whilst in custodyLocal AuthorityPreventing situational crime;Protecting vulnerable individuals;Promoting community cohesion;Enhancing community safety.EducationProviding early interventionfor individualsYouth OffendingService (YISP)Supporting individuals at risk,through preventionLondon Probation TrustDelivering community punishments safelyAddressing rehabilitation needs & supportingadults in exiting offendingSee Menu of interventions – opportunities to intervene


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONLocal AuthorityAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSLocal authorities have a wide range of powersand duties and are responsible for all day-todayservices and local community matters.They deliver daily services to prevent gangand group offending, such as situational crimeprevention, protecting vulnerable individuals,promoting community cohesion and enhancingcommunity safety.Local authorities are structured in manydifferent ways and the roles of some of thecommonly-known local authority departmentsinvolved in managing gang and group offendersare described. The roles of the Youth OffendingService and Education are described in moredetail separately.CommunityPlanningEconomicDevelopmentCommunitySafetyTeamChildren’sServicesLocalAuthorityHousingYouthServicesLeisure &CulturalServicesTownCentreManagementChildren’s Services >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSLocal AuthorityChildren’s ServicesPreviously known as Social Services. Thisdepartment works to deliver Every ChildMatters, and is responsible for fostering andadoption, the protection of vulnerable membersof the community, inspection and registrationof childminders, playgroups, nurseries andresidential homes, and promoting the well beingof children. Gang and group offending can beeffectively managed by safeguarding vulnerableindividuals.Community PlanningResponsible for carrying out the local authority’scommunity plans and regeneration. These plansensure the support and strengthening of theeconomic, social and environmental welfareof their areas and to promote sustainabledevelopment. It may include Planning teams thatare responsible for all applications for planningpermission. Gang and group offending can beeffectively managed by prevention throughenvironmental design, and community cohesion.Community Safety Team >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSLocal AuthorityCommunity Safety TeamThis team supports the local crime and disorderreduction partnership to ensure the localauthority’s crime reduction plan is implemented.The team, with partners, will provide the strategicleadership in many areas, including anti-socialbehaviour, Prolific & Other Priority OffenderSchemes and youth crime reduction. Staff willmanage and coordinate partnership resourcesand activity to reduce the impact of gang andgroup offending, and may have a dedicated roleto deal with youth crime and/or gangs.Economic DevelopmentThis department may implement the localauthority’s economic development strategy,liaising with both internal and external partners,supporting the economic development of thearea. Gang and group offending can be effectivelymanaged with economic inclusion.Housing >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSLocal AuthorityHousingThis department is responsible for the continualimprovement of social housing, locating housesfor those whom are displaced or homeless, andproviding a high quality of housing management.It may include Housing Maintenance and links toHousing Associations, which offer independentproperty for rent run by Registered SocialLandlords. Gang and group offending can beeffectively managed with the use of civil andlegal powers, and by allocating and withdrawinghousing provision appropriately.Leisure and Cultural ServicesThis department ensures effective high qualityleisure services are provided and continuallyimproved, giving equal access and opportunityto all residents. It is responsible for parks & openspaces, tree maintenance, sports facilities, sportsdevelopment, museum service and the arts. Gangand group offending can be effectively managedby providing positive activities to engage youngpeople.Town Centre Management >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSLocal AuthorityTown Centre ManagementThis team works to promote, develop andimprove the authority’s town centres makingthem safe, profitable and attractive. Oftenresponsibilities include markets, events, safety,security, cleanliness, transport and floral /lighting displays. It may also include licensing ofprivate hire vehicles and public entertainmentpremises as well as street lighting. Gang andgroup offending can be effectively managed byprevention through environmental design, andcommunity cohesion.Youth ServicesThis department provides additional services toyoung people through youth centres and clubs,projects, activity days and advice services, suchas Connexions. Youth workers have a socialeducation role with young people. Gang andgroup offending can be effectively addressedby providing opportunities that empower youngpeople to make positive choices.Source: http://www.localgov.co.uk/index.cfm?method=datasales.listexplained 11 April 2010Identification of Individuals >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSLocal AuthorityIdentification of individualsAny professional from within local authoritydepartments may contact the Youth OffendingService, Children’s Services Safeguarding leador the Community Safety Team’s gang advisorfor advice, if they have identified an individualwho is at risk of, or involved in, gang or groupoffendingRisk Assessment of individualsThe Local Authority may convene amulti-agency risk management meeting inresponse to a serious incidentIndividuals are allocated to the best placedsingle agency or to one of the multi-agencyforumsThese three departments can use existing tools, such as the CommonAssessment Framework to identify the issues and the relevant actionto take. See Youth Offending Service and Risk & Case ManagementTools.Professionals within the local authority are well placed to accessmany of the borough-specific multi-agency forums, be it for riskmanagement purposes or for case managing individuals away fromgang and group offending.The meeting focuses on reviewing the specific case, and makesplans for implementing new provision for the individual. The YouthOffending Service, London Probation Trust, local or specialist police,Children’s Services, Adult services and Educational establishmentsshould all be represented and additional agencies invited as required.The meeting is the forum to share information, review the risks andconsider the current measures in place.See Youth Offending Service, Police, London Probation Trust andRisk & Case Management Tools.Case Management of individuals >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSLocal AuthorityCase Management of individualsOnce the level of risk is determined, theresponsible agency can discuss and agreeappropriate actions internallyThe individual may be allocated to a multiagencycase management process such asMAPPA or the Deter Young Offender SchemeSource: Hammersmith & Fulham Local Authority, Integrated Youth ServicesGo to menu of interventions.See Risk & Case Management Tools.Return to ‘Agencies working together’ overview chart >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSEducationEducation services promote pupil wellbeing, community cohesion, and deliver the Every Child Matters outcomesfor all pupils. Schools, colleges and other educational establishments work to prevent gang and group offendingthrough providing education to all and early intervention for individuals affected by it.Identification of individualsTeachers and staff at schools are well placedto identify, support and challenge individualsor groups of young people who may be involvedin, or at risk of, gang or group offending.Individuals may be identified in a number of ways:• Proactive information sharing with partnerssuch as the police, Youth Offending Service,the Local Authority and other schools.• Pupils may use third party reportingsystems, such as Crimestoppers, or SHARP.• Staff may hear or see signs of involvementin gang or group offending.• Parents/carers or siblings raising concernswith school staff and seeking advice.They can be proactive in minimising or preventing gang and groupoffending from impacting on the school and its local community.Other schools may become aware of inter-gang tensions betweenschools. See Police, Youth Offending Service and Local Authority.SHARP (Schools Help and Reporting Page) is being supported by theMetropolitan Police Service in some schools.They should use the behaviour monitoring systems and harmassessment processes to assess the evidence of gang signs, asadvised by Department for Children, Schools & Families.continued >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSEducationIdentification of individuals (continued)Key staff should be trained to recognise thesigns and record the evidenceIf the evidence indicates that the behaviour is:• Not likely to be gang-related• Maybe gang-related• Probably gang-relatedFor each case, the evidence must be assessed to see if each pieceis a reliable and significant indicator in relation to the individualconcerned.Patterns of attendance should also be reviewedDCSF recommends schools to reinforce school policies on antibullying,dealing with graffiti, uniform rules, social cohesion etc.DCSF recommends for schools to gather evidence of the extent of thematter.DCSF recommends seeking advice from the local authority children’sservices including the youth offending team.Where established, the school may seek the advice of the SaferSchools Officer, or Safer Neighbourhood Teams, regarding furtheraction. See Police.Risk Assessment of individuals >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICEEducationRisk Assessment of individualsStaff at the school may carry out the initial risk assessments using the following procedures:Safeguarding proceduresIf the school has concerns that a child maybe at risk of harm as a consequence of gangactivity, they should follow the WorkingTogether to Safeguard Children (2010)guidance linkPersonal protection strategiesWhere there is a risk of harm from others, theschool may implement personal protectionstrategiesWhere there is a serious risk of harm to others,the school may consider exclusionIf they are concerned that the child is at immediate risk of harm,they should contact the local authority’s children’s social care teamor the police regarding child protection measures.See Local Authority and Police.This involves working with partners and the parents to arrangefor closer monitoring of the pupils, recommending attendancein the extended schools projects, or making alternative travelarrangements to and from school.However the gang impact of such a decision should be assessed,particularly if it results in permanent exclusion and results in a moveto another school.RISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSCommon Assessment FrameworkThe Common Assessment Framework may beused regarding gang and group involvementIt is a shared assessment and planning framework that helpsidentify the additional needs of a child or young person, where theyare not being met by current service provision. See Risk & CaseManagement Tools.Case Management of individuals >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSEducationCase Management of individualsThe school may develop a Pastoral Supportplan (PSP) to support individual children andyoung people who are at risk of permanentexclusion or failure at school throughdisaffection or rapidly deteriorating behaviourThe Plan is implemented and rewards andsanctions are delivered as requiredEducation for prevention: in addition tomanaging the individual, school staff shouldconsider the impact of gangs on the whole ofthe school, and the local communityThis could be as a result of gang or group offending. Good practicewould suggest that the PSP is developed with relevant partners suchas police and YOT staff and vitally, the pupil and their family.The Plan seeks to identify the causes of concern and what is needed tosupport the pupil to improve the situation, such as exiting or avoidinggang membership. Go to menu of interventions.The progress is reviewed regularly until the risk of involvement ingang or group offending has subsided. The impact of gangs in schoolsshould be recorded on pupil behaviour management systems.This may involve:– Some inputs into the curriculum for all pupils promoting safebehaviour;– Implementing a range of interventions for a targeted groupaccording to the need– Engaging parents/carers and local community groups– Developing effective information sharing processes with partners(especially in the case of urgent information about immediatethreats). See Youth Offending Service and Police.Source: Gangs and Group offending Guidance for Schools, Department for Children,Schools & Families; and Safeguarding Children and young people who may be affectedby gang activity, Department for Children, Schools & Families. www.education.gov.ukEducation: exclusion from school >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSEducation: exclusion from schoolIdentification of individualsThe Education Welfare Service has a legalremit to identify and work with pupils with poorattendance or with persistent absences fromschool (which may be gang-related)Risk Assessment of individualsThe risk has been assessed by the school,resulting in the referral and the engagementof other agenciesCase Management of individualsEducational Welfare Officers are responsiblefor the case work for individuals with 80% orless attendanceThey may refer to other relevant agencies, orforums, such as Early Intervention Panels orYISPs, or interventions as appropriateSource: www.education.gov.ukThe Education Welfare Service should already be involved in thePastoral Support Plan.Educational Welfare Officers provide advice, guidance and support toschools, parents and pupils.See Risk & Case Management tools. Go to menu of interventions.Education: Pupil Referral Units >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICEEducation: Pupil Referral Units 1 & Alternative provisionIdentification of individualsPupils (aged 5-16 years) are referred frommainstream education to Pupil Referral Unitsfor a number of reasons, and involvement ingang or group offending may be one of themRisk Assessment of individualsThe school must provide the PRU with anassessment of the pupil’s levels of ability andcapacity - educationally, socially, behaviourallyand emotionally1To be named Short Stay SchoolsPupil Referral Units (PRUs) are managed by a local authority, a groupof schools or an Academy. They provide education for children whocannot attend mainstream school.Some pupils at Key Stage 4 may attend ‘alternative provision’.It is vital that staff at the PRU are aware of any gang involvementprior to arrival. Action can then be taken to reduce the impact ofgangs within the PRU, such as separating gang members.RISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSCase Management of individuals >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICEEducation: Pupil Referral Units 1 & Alternative provisionCase Management of individualsThe pupil will work to their IndividualLearning Plan via the national curriculumand through a range of packages that involveexternal providers such as FE colleges,employers and work-based trainers, andprogrammes provided by voluntary or privatebodies. Go to menu of interventions.Many PRUs also provide outreach supportto pupils within the schools, or by dualregistration, where a pupil stays on the registerof their school but is also registered with, andattends, the PRUSource: Guidance for Local Authorities and Schools - PRUs and Alternative ProvisionEach pupil in a PRU will have an Individual Learning Plan that recordsachievements, helps plan their learning and career development, andrecognises the knowledge, understanding and skills they require. Itwill also contain targets for reintegration into mainstream or specialschooling, further education or employment.RISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSEducation: Further Education Colleges >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESEducation: Further Education CollegesThe role of Further Education Colleges in managing gang and group offenders will beincluded in the next edition.Return to ‘Agencies working together’ overview chart >>LOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLS


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSPolice (proactive)The Metropolitan Police Service is developing a ‘Children and Young People’ strategy which supports the nationalACPO strategy, and an ‘Anti-Violence’ strategy that addresses the violent behaviour of individuals, of which gangand group offending is part. The Metropolitan Police Service prevents gang and group offending by buildingpolicing confidence within London’s communities and enforcing the law on individuals who commit crime.Identification of individuals (proactive)All police officers and police communitysupport officers gather intelligence aboutindividuals throughout their daily businessIndividuals involved in, or considered at risk of,gang or group offending are ‘flagged’ on theinformation systems, to inform other colleaguesBorough intelligence unit searches theinformation systems to identify ‘flagged’ andother relevant individualsThe intelligence is input according to national intelligence standards,onto police information systems.This involves searching and analysing crime reports and intelligencewithin the local geographical area, to produce a list of individualsinvolved in, or at risk of, gang and group offending.Risk Assessment of individuals (proactive) >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSPolice (proactive)Risk Assessment of individuals (proactive)The borough intelligence unit rates theindividuals using a prioritisation systemWhere available, the local dedicated policeteams monitor the list of prioritised individuals,ensuring the individual’s risk is managedIntelligence on gang and group offending isreviewed and actioned on a daily basis atthe Intelligence meeting. The individuals arediscussed, the latest intelligence is provided andthe risk status is reviewedOne example is the use of the Red-Amber-Green status:– Red nominals are the most high risk individuals as victims orperpetrators;– Amber nominals are medium risk because of their extent ofinvolvement in gang and group offending; and– Green nominals are low risk, being on the periphery of gang andgroup offending, and require diversionary activity.The prioritisation must be proportionate to risk and to the resourcesavailable locally.The borough intelligence unit continually searches the informationsystems to monitor each individual. Searches vary in frequency and indepth, according to the risk.Where there are gaps in intelligence, police resources may be tasked tofind out more information.Case Management of individuals (proactive) >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSPolice (proactive)Case Management of individuals (proactive)Regular multi-agency gang/violence taskingmeetings identify proactive opportunities tointervene. The ownership for each individualis allocated to an appropriate police team oranother responsible agency, for intervention.There is opportunity to draw from the menuof interventions. Go to menu of interventions.Additional intelligence, analytical andenforcement capability is available withincentral policing units, and is allocatedaccording to need.Source: Metropolitan Police Service– ‘Red’ individuals are subject to investigation and enforcementactivity by police. This may be from Specialist units such asOperation Trident.– ‘Amber’ individuals are subject to enforcement activity, usually bylocal police, but with a greater focus on deterring these individualsfrom their involvement in offending, by both police and partners.– ‘Green’ risk individuals are allocated to local authorities and ThirdSector Organisations for diversionary activity.Further information is acquired through the directed activity, and fedinto police information systems, to continue the process.As a result of increased gang or group offending locally, extraresources can be deployed.Central units can advise on, or carry out the most appropriateenforcement tactics.Police (proactive): Safer Schools Officers >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSPolice (proactive): Safer Schools OfficersA police officer or community support officerworks with the school to:• keep young people safe;• reduce crime and the fear of crime; and• improve behaviour in schools and theircommunities.The officer has a role in preventing and tacklingspecific issues, such as gang and group offendingThe officer may be able to assist in theidentification, risk assessment and casemanagement of individuals involved in or atrisk of gang and group offendingSource: Safer Schools Partnership Guidance, 2009 www.education.gov.ukSafer School Police Officers support the whole school communityproactively by:– Raising awareness of crime and providing targeted preventionadvice;– Patrolling school grounds, ensuring a visible presence at key pointsin the school day;– Helping schools review their critical incident plans;– Helping schools develop crime prevention strategies to improve thesafety of all; and– Helping set up ways to report crime if pupils have been victimsThis is done by:– Carrying out truancy patrols;– Supporting the school in dealing with screening pupils for weapons,dealing with intruders and dealing with violent incidents;– Helping deal with issues of safety and behaviour on journeys to andfrom schools;– Identifying pupils most at risk by contributing information at multiagencyforums; and– Supporting pupils most at risk by accessing relevant interventionsand other agencies.Go to menu of interventionsPolice (proactive): Safer Neighbourhood Policing >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICEPolice (proactive): Safer Neighbourhood PolicingSafer Neighbourhoods teams providean engaging, visible and accessiblepolice service by working locally with thecommunity to resolve local problemsSource: ‘Serious Youth Violence – a solution utilising SNTs’ – Metropolitan Police ServiceBy working locally with the community, police officers receiveincreased community intelligence and information, particularlyrelating to local gang and group offending. Safer Neighbourhoodofficers can use this information to divert young people from crimeby making referrals to a range of interventions.The Safer Neighbourhood officers are also encouraged to participatein the interventions to build positive relations between young peopleand the police. Go to menu of interventions.RISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSPolice (reactive) >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSPolice (reactive)Identification of individuals (reactive)Police officers investigate a crime or attendan incident and identify suspects, victims,witnesses and vulnerable individuals whomay be at risk of, or involved in gang or groupoffendingRisk Assessment of individuals (reactive)For victims, a Family Liaison Officer (FLO) maybe assigned for serious casesAn enhanced victim care service is providedfor intimidated victims or witnessesIt may be apparent that the incident is gang or group-related when:– Officers record personal details of all individuals at the scene, andcheck the information against police information systems. Theindividuals’ records may be ‘flagged’ as such;– They are informed by local officers first on the scene who are awareof the local gangs; or– Other intelligence feeds, eg Crimestoppers, witness statements,evidence etc.A FLO may be assigned to keep the victim informed about theinvestigation and for intelligence-gathering purposes, where thereis an investigative need. The FLO may refer the victim and family toother agencies for professional support. See Victim Support andmenu of interventions.Under the Code of Practice for Victims of Crime, an enhanced victimcare service is provided for intimidated victims or witnesses whosequality of evidence is likely to be reduced because of fear or distress.continued >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSPolice (reactive)Risk Assessment of individuals (reactive, continued)For witnesses, a Witness Liaison Officer maybe appointed or the witness is referred to theWitness Care UnitThe investigating officer maintains a WitnessLog for most serious casesFor groups of vulnerable individuals, ifthe incident has wider implications for thecommunity, which can be the case in gangrelatedhomicides, the police officer carries outa Community Impact AssessmentFor vulnerable individuals over 18 years old,the investigating officer refers the case to thePublic Protection Desk or the dedicated gangsteam, where appropriateFor individuals under 18 years old, theinvestigating officer submits a MERLIN reportfor evaluation by the Youth Offending Team. Itmay be necessary to take immediate actionWitness Liaison officer or Witness Care Unit keeps the individual informedabout the case, provides support and prepares the case for court.It may be necessary for the witness to be referred to support agencies.Go to menu of interventions.Disclosure of the Witness Log is restricted to maintain the individual’s safety.If it is considered to be a critical incident, a ‘gold group’ is formedto discuss and decide the wider action to be taken by all partneragencies.A MERLIN report is submitted by the arresting officer, via the PublicProtection Desk, to the Youth Offending Team. It highlights anyconcerns about any of the Every Child Matters outcomes that arenot being met. Staff in the Youth Offending Team decide if support isrequired. See Youth Offending Service.continued >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSPolice (reactive)Risk Assessment of individuals (reactive, continued)For suspects under 18 years old, if the offenceis minor and the individual is under the age of18 years, the arresting police officer shouldrefer the individual to the Triage teamFor suspects, they may take the individual intopolice protection to manage the risk of harm,particularly the risk of harm from others. This isrelevant to gang or group related retaliation attacksThe investigating officer may arrest the individualCase Management of individuals (reactive)Where the individual is arrested, they areprocessed at the local police stationThe YOT worker will make an assessment of the individual before acriminal record is created. This may divert the individual away fromthe Criminal Justice system, if appropriate.See Risk & Case Management ToolsThis is not available in all London boroughs.A PNC record is created and fingerprints, a photograph and DNA aretaken. The identity of the individual must be confirmed at this stage.The arresting officer inputs an entry on to the MPS informationsystems to inform other agencies of the incident or whereabouts ofthe individual.continued >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSPolice (reactive)Case Management of individuals (reactive, continued)The investigating officer liaises with theEvidential Review Officer for advice on theinvestigation and to seek a decision on thedisposalThe disposal options are:• No Further Action• A non court disposal• Charged (and/or bailed)Source: Metropolitan Police ServiceFor homicides, this requires input from the Complex Casework Centre.For lesser gang related crimes, this requires input from the Guns andGangs Coordinator. See Crown Prosecution Service.The information remains available to criminal justice agencies. Theindividual may be referred for alternative non-enforcement action.See Local Authority. Go to menu of interventions.The individual may receive a Reprimand, Final Warning, Caution or aPenalty Notice, depending on the offence and their age.The investigating officer ensures police information systems are up todate and continues the investigation. This allows other police teams orother agencies to continue to intervene/manage the individual.See Local Authority, London Probation Trust, Youth OffendingService.Return to ‘Agencies working together’ overview chart >>


HomeBackground ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSVictim SupportVictim Support is a national charity giving free and confidential help to victims of crime, witnesses, their family,friends and anyone else affected. It is not a government agency or part of the police. Victim support providesemotional and practical support to victims of gang and group offending, right up to providing support throughthe court proceedings. Victim Support seeks to prevent repeat victimisation.Identification of individuals• Individual self-refers; OR• Individual referred by other agencies orstatutory organisations; OR (most often)• Individual referred directly by policethrough Automated Data Transfer systemVictim Support attempts to contact allvictims by telephone within 48 hours ofreferral being receivedOnce a crime has been reported to the police, the victim’s details arepassed to Victim Support if the individual consents. Victim Supportreceives the crime reference number and brief information about thecrime or incident. See Police.The initial contact will consist of a needs assessment, which willdetermine what emotional and practical responses the victimrequires. The victim will be assigned a trained case worker orvolunteer who will provide ongoing support and case management.Risk Assessment of individuals >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSVictim SupportRisk Assessment of individualsVictim Support carries out risk assessmentsusing police and other data available todetermine whether cases are related to gangor group offendingThis determines if Victim Support can work with the individual – itmay affect type of support that can be offered, be it in the VictimSupport Office, by carrying out home visits or simply over thetelephone. This is particularly the case where there is evidence thatthe individual is both a victim and a violent perpetrator.Telephone support may be offered to individuals with a history ofviolence; some cases referred to appropriate partner agencies ifmore appropriate.In cases where two individuals from rival gangs are clients ofVictim Support, and it is appropriate for Victim Support to workwith them, cases are referred to two different case workers toavoid unnecessary gang tensions and to ensure the safety of theCaseworkers.Case Management of individuals >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSVictim SupportCase Management of individualsCase worker supports victims by offering arange of services.Support is tailored to meet needs of eachcase and is delivered as long as individualsrequire it. Go to menu of interventions.Victim Support also provides a Witness Servicesupporting witnesses during the court processSource: Victim Support London; www.victimsupport.orgThese include:– emotional support (one-to-one sessions);– practical support (assisting and supporting rehousing the individualto a safe location or helping the victim apply to the CompensationInjury Scheme See Local Authority);– supporting the victim to work with the police, particularly if theindividual has a history as a perpetrator;– providing support to the victim’s family – it may be necessaryto work with a housing association to arrange for a family to berelocated if they are at risk of reprisal;– referring the individual to more appropriate services – mentoringsupport for victim/perpetrators may be best delivered by a specialistThird Sector Organisation; and– advocacy – initiating a case conference to address gaps in services.Victims of gang and group offending may be reluctant to draw on theservices provided by Victim Support. Family members are more likelyto seek advice and support.It offers a pre-trial visit, where the witness is taken to the courtin advance and walked through the court procedures. The WitnessService can also sit with the witness on the day of the trial, or onrequest, the Caseworker may also attend court. There will also beliaison with the CPS. See Crown Prosecution Service.Return to ‘Agencies working together’ overview chart >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSCrown Prosecution Service (CPS) 1The CPS has a role in disrupting gang activities. It is the principal public prosecution service for England andWales. It is the duty of prosecutors to review, advise on and to prosecute cases, or to offer an appropriateout-of-court disposal to an offender. Prosecutors must ensure that the law is properly applied, that all relevantevidence is put before the court and that obligations of disclosure are complied with. 2Identification of individualsCPS borough Guns and Gangs Co-ordinator 3appointed as prosecutor and is the singlepoint of contact for the policeProsecutor decides most appropriate charge andhas overall responsibility for the case once individualhas been charged with a criminal offence 4 .1This guide aims to highlight good practice and initiatives in relation to prosecuting gun and gang crime in theLondon Borough Hackney; it is not necessarily representative of the approach taken in other boroughs2Code for Crown Prosecutors, February 2010.3The Guns and Gangs Co-ordinator is a Crown Prosecutor with specialist knowledge of gang culture in the LondonBorough of Hackney. The Co-ordinator is also a Crown Prosecutor with rights of audience in the Crown Court4This includes out of hours advice.This assists in providing a ‘cradle to grave’ approach to theprosecution and uses the prosecutor’s specialist knowledge of thelocal gang culture. This knowledge is gained through informationsharing with the Borough Intelligence Unit which is updated regularlyto ascertain any gang trends and rivalries.The prosecutor will also be fully conversant with firearms legislationand will have received training in firearms and forensic opportunitiesavailable in cases where a firearm has been discharged.Case Management of individuals >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSCrown Prosecution Service (CPS)Case Management of individualsProsecutor provides guidance and advice tothe police throughout the investigative andprosecuting processProsecutor authorises individual’s charge ordecides whether alternative course of actionwould be more appropriateIndividual charged with an offence andprosecutor prepares case papers so case canbe prosecuted effectively and fairly at courtProsecution Team liaise with Witness Careto ensure accurate information provided towitnesses and victims in line with the Code ofPractice for Victims of CrimeThis may include lines of inquiry, evidential requirements andassistance in any pre-charge procedures. The prosecutor is pro-activein identifying, and where possible, rectifying evidential deficienciesand in bringing to an early conclusion those cases which cannot bestrengthened by further investigation.The prosecutor provides a pro-active stance in all aspects of casereview: to provide a comprehensive holistic analysis of the case with arealistic and time bound action plan, to police officers.Alternative course of action might include diversion, fixed penaltynotices, conditional cautions and civil remedies. Go to menu ofinterventions.This includes ensuring that all evidential deficiencies are met,drafting of the Indictment, bad character, hearsay, special measuresand witness anonymity applications, and the drafting of any legalarguments. Decisions on disclosure of information (whether sensitiveor not) are also dealt with at the appropriate level.Particularly important in proceedings which have gun element aswitnesses/victims often feel intimidated and reluctant to attend court togive evidence. In addition to applying for special measures, prosecutorwill also consider requests for witness anonymity, reporting restrictions,applications for hearings to be held in camera and witness protection.continued >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSCrown Prosecution Service (CPS)Case Management of individualsIn certain types of operations (i.e. supplyof drugs to undercover police officers),one prosecutor assigned to prosecute allindividuals arrested during the operation andmay prepare a note for the Resident Judge ofthe local Crown Court to assist in sentenceProsecutor considers what representationsshould be made as to sentence and alsoconsiders any post-conviction applicationsProsecutor gives early consideration as towhether any particular sentence is undulylenientFor further information:– CPS: Good Practice Guide to Prosecuting Complex Gun and Gang Related Crime, September 2008.– The Code for Crown Prosecutors, 6th Edition, February 2010.– The Code of Practice for Victims of Crime – A Guide for Victims, April 2006, Criminal Justice System.– www.cps.gov.ukThe note may provide the details of other individual’s sentences whohave been sentenced during the same operation. This assists theCourt in ensuring that there is parity in sentence in the operationoverall.Post-conviction applications include such things as confiscationof assets, forfeiture and destruction of drugs and weapons,compensation, Anti-Social Behaviour Orders, Restraining Orders andany other appropriate orders. Go to menu of interventions.If so, will consider whether the case should be referred to the AttorneyGeneral for onward referral to the Court of AppealReturn to ‘Agencies working together’ overview chart >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSYouth Offending Service: individuals at riskThe Youth Offending Service supports individuals at risk of gang and group offending through preventionwork, but also delivers community punishments safely, and addresses young offenders’ rehabilitation needs,supporting them to exit from gang and group offending.The Youth Offending Service is made up of:• the early intervention team which manages individuals at risk of offending or those who have not yet enteredthe criminal justice system; and• the Youth Offending Team (YOT) which manages offenders aged 10-17 years.Individuals at risk of, and individuals involved, in offending are managed separately so as not to ‘criminalise’individuals unnecessarily. This separation refers to all offending, rather than just gang or group offending.Identification of individuals at risk of offending• Professional raises concerns via CommonAssessment Framework (CAF) process; OR• Practitioners identify individuals, such assiblings of those already being managed by arange of multi-agency panels; OR• Police Officer submits MERLIN PAC reportto the Youth Offending Team when a youngperson comes to notice; ORAny professional may raise concerns via the CAF process, and seeksupport from the YOS in the role of lead professional. See Risk &Case Management tools.Practitioner referrals may come from Children’s Services/Socialservices, Deter Young Offender Panel, Anti-Social Behaviour Panelor Safeguarding Boards. See Local Authority and Risk & CaseManagement tools.MERLIN PAC report reviewed by staff within the Youth OffendingTeam and actioned appropriately. See Police.continued >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSYouth Offending Service: individuals at riskIdentification of individuals at risk of offending (continued)• Young person comes to the notice of police,but directed to YOS via the Triage systemRisk Assessment of individuals at risk of offendingYOS worker completes ONSET assessmentCase Management of individuals at risk of offendingOnce assessed, individual cases are discussed atYouth Inclusion Support Panel (YISP) meeting.Integrated Support Plan (ISP) developedYOS worker refers the ‘at risk’ individual tomost suitable prevention programme.Implementation and impact of the ISP is trackedand reviewed by the YISP.Triage system is a new priority scheme developed by the YouthJustice Board (YJB) and the London Criminal Justice Partnership.It aims to prevent young people from entering the criminal justicesystem unnecessarily by assessing them much earlier than before.See Risk & Case Management tools.ONSET assessment determines if the young person would benefitfrom prevention work. See Risk & Case Management tools.If the individual meets the local criteria, they are accepted ontothe YISP.The YOS worker develops and implements an individual ISP with multiagencycommitment and key worker support.The YISP relies on reaccessing mainstream services for provision, andprovides support to the parents and family as well as the child – aninclusive approach. Go to menu of interventions.Source: Ealing Local Authority Youth Offending Service; Police, Hammersmith & Fulham Local Authority,Integrated Youth Services; Youth Justice Board London RegionYouth Offending Service: young offenders >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSYouth Offending Service: young offendersIdentification of individuals• Practitioners identify individuals such assiblings of those already being managed by arange of multi-agency panels; OR• Police Officer submits MERLIN PAC reportto the Youth Offending Team when a youngperson comes to notice; OR• YOT team and police meet on regular basisto discuss intelligence about individuals,gang tensions and gang related incidents.Risk Assessment of individualsYOT worker completes ASSET assessmentPractitioner referrals may come from Children’s Services/Socialservices, Deter Young Offender Panel, Anti-Social Behaviour Panelor Safeguarding Boards. See Local Authority and Risk & CaseManagement tools.MERLIN PAC report reviewed by staff within the Youth OffendingTeam and actioned appropriately. See Police.YOT team and police share information, agree action and allocateresponsibility for the management of individuals. It focuses onmedium to high risk (as a victim and/or perpetrator) gang or groupoffending. These individuals are considered to be at Amber or Redrisk level. See Police.Source: Ealing BoroughASSET assessment identifies needs and determines the youngperson’s likelihood of reoffending. See Risk & Case Managementtools.Information gathered can be used to write pre-sentence reportsor Referral Order reports and intervention plans. Go to menu ofinterventions.continued >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSYouth Offending Service: young offendersRisk Assessment of individuals (continued)If risk of harm identified, it is assessed inRisk Of Serious Harm (ROSH) ASSET. RiskManagement or Vulnerability ManagementPlan may be triggered.Case Management of individualsHigh risk individuals may be supervised usingMAPPA or the Deter Young Offender SchemeCommunity Sentence:Individual may be given a community sentenceand will receive a Youth Rehabilitation OrderDisclosure of Gang Association:If information regarding risk of, or involvementin, gang or group offending is disclosed to YOTworker, consideration should be given to thetiming and location of the supervision meetings.Risk Management Plan is triggered if the risk is considered mediumor high. Vulnerability (or Safeguarding needs) is also identified withinthe ASSET, and may trigger a Vulnerability Management Plan.Interventions specific to the risk or vulnerability are identified andthe individual is referred appropriately. Go to menu of interventions.MAPPA is a Multi Agency Risk and Case Management Tool. The decisionto supervise using this or the Deter Young Offender Scheme, dependson the entry criteria. Go to Risk & Case Management tools.Go to menu of interventions.This may result in the individual being transferred to an alternativeoffice in the borough or transferred to another borough, according tothe risk.continued >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSYouth Offending Service: young offendersCase Management of individuals (continued)Custodial Sentence:If individual is sentenced to custody, ASSETreport is used to assess their vulnerability anddetermine type of custodial institution theyare transferred toRelease on Licence:HM Prison Service informs Youth OffendingService when individual is soon to be releasedfrom custodyTransfer from Youth Offending Service toLondon Probation Trust:Once the individual reaches age 18, theytransfer from YOT responsibility over to theLondon Probation TrustThe ASSET determines the type of activities the individual is requiredto undertake, and any work needed with the parents. It is laterincorporated into the sentence plans. Go to menu of interventions.Individuals are referred to Secure Children’s Homes, Secure TrainingCentres or Youth Offending Institutions depending on their age andvulnerability.YOT staff work with individuals prior to and on release from prison, beit at the end of their sentence or on licence. See HM Prisons.YOT is responsible for supervision of 10-17 year olds while the NationalProbation Service is responsible for individuals aged 18+ years.Therefore every YOT has a local protocol in place that states howthe individual will transfer from YOT to the London Probation Trust.The transfer should be made within 4 weeks of the individual’s 18thbirthday in most cases.Source: Ealing Local Authority Youth Offending Service; Police, Hammersmith & Fulham Local Authority, Integrated Youth Services;, Youth Justice Board London Region staffand website; Deter Young Offender Scheme Framework November 2009continued >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSLondon Probation TrustLondon Probation Trust delivers community punishments safely, and addresses individuals’ rehabilitation needs,supporting them to exit from gang and group offending.London Probation Trust staff work with offenders aged 18+ years, from first court appearance to completion ofsentence to protect the public and reduce reoffending, using programmes to change offending behaviour. TheLondon Probation Trust also works with offenders released from prison, having served 12 months or more and arenow subject to licence.Identification of individualsOnce individual convicted, Offender Managercompletes Pre-Sentence Report for offendersaged 18+ years at request of courtRisk Assessment of individualsProbation Officer completes EOASysassessment tool which includes recommendedinterventions. See Risk & Case Management tools.Purpose of Pre-Sentence Report is to assist the court in determiningthe most suitable method of dealing with an offender, be it acustodial or community sentence. It includes an assessment of thenature and seriousness of the offence and its impact on the victimEOASys gives a predicted risk score of reoffending/reconviction anddetermines the intensity of the supervision. EOASys assessment isreviewed as required during this period, and a mandatory reviewis carried out every 16 weeks. Any new information on EOASys canchange the risk management and the Supervision Plan.Case Management of individuals >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSLondon Probation TrustCase Management of individualsHigh risk individuals referred to PublicProtection Teams within London ProbationTrustIndividual given Community Order and attendsinductionPost conviction, Offender Manager usesPre-Sentence Report and EOASys to furtherconsolidate the Supervision Plan in agreementwith the individual Go to menu of interventionsOffender Manager refers individual to relevantservice providerMedium and low risk offenders are managed by Offender Managersplaced within other teamsThe induction reinforces what to expect of the London ProbationTrust, what is expected of them, and the type of work they need todo. Where appropriate, individual is referred to a Basic Skills Tutor forassessment and assistance, and allocated an Offender Manager whowill supervise them throughout the probation period. Go to menu ofinterventions.Supervision plan looks to reduce reoffending by working with offendersto change their behaviour and address: accommodation; education,training and employment; health; drugs and alcohol; finance, benefit anddebt; children and families; attitudes, thinking and behaviour.The individual must report to their Offender Manager once a week foroffence-focused work. The amount of supervision is determined by thecourts depending on their risk. However every offender must report totheir offender manager for the first 16 weeks. The supervision is thenreviewed thereafter.continued >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSLondon Probation TrustCase Management of individuals (continued)Community Payback:If individual is sentenced to CommunityPayback, Probation Officer carries out riskassessment to determine offender’s placement.Disclosure of Gang Association:If information regarding risk of, or involvementin, gang or group offending is disclosed toOffender Manager, consideration shouldbe given to the timing and location of thesupervision meetings.Release on Licence:HM Prison Service informs London ProbationTrust that individual is soon to be releasedfrom custody, so Offender Manager plays animportant role in preparing offender for release.Transfer from Youth Offending Service toLondon Probation Trust:When an offender nears the age of 18 years, thesupervision must transfer from Youth OffendingService to the London Probation TrustSource: London Probation Trust staff, and www.london-probation.org.ukThe placement will receive risk management strategies appropriateto the individual’s offending history and risk to self and others.Consideration should be given to gang membership and gangtensions, as this may affect the individual’sThis may result in the individual being transferred to an alternativeoffice in the borough or transferred to another borough, accordingto the risk.This involves setting the licence conditions, and supporting andsupervising the offender on release, working to an agreed plan.Go to menu of interventions.London Probation Trust works closely with youth offending teams totransfer responsibility for case management. The London protocol isin place. See Youth Offending Service.Return to ‘Agencies working together’ overview chart >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSHM Prison Service:Young Offender Institutions (YOI), 15-17 year oldsHM Prison Service protects the public by holding prisoners securely. HM Prison staff manage the risk of harmassociated with gang and group offending, to ensure personal safety of individuals, whilst in custody.Identification of individualsYOI receives information about the individualfrom the court, YOT or other secure estatesprior to their arrivalIndividual arrives at prison – completes GangSelf Disclosure form, Cell Sharing Form andundergoes medical screening.Risk Assessment of individualsIndividual sent to First Days in Custody unitfor up to seven nights where prison staff canmonitor individuals, especially those that maybe vulnerableInformation continuously gathered by prisonstaffIncludes the ASSET, bail ASSET (if applicable), Post Court Report, and RiskOf Serious Harm report, which arrive via eASSET. Information is used toplace the young person in custody. See Youth Offending Service.Information collected can be used to allocate individual to anappropriate unit to try and reduce risk of gang tensions and violencewithin prisonDuring the prison induction, the individual receives informationand visits from a number of agencies. The Cell Sharing form is alsoreviewed in case further information is disclosed that could affecttheir safety. This form is reviewed regularly thereafter.Security Intelligence Reports are submitted to Violence ReductionUnit who assess the intelligence and direct action accordingly. Prisonmaintains databases with information about gang membership andof violent incidents including perpetrators, victims and motivation.Case Management of individuals >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSHM Prison Service:Young Offender Institutions (YOI), 15-17 year oldsCase Management of individualsOffender Supervisor meets individual within24 hours to carry out initial assessmentInformation updated on eASSET system,development plan produced and reviewedmonthly. Go to menu of interventionsIf sentenced, individual has initial SentencePlanning meeting which is reviewed regularlyIf individual is on remand, an initial Remand Plan meeting is held– timescale of meeting depends if they have been deemed vulnerable.YOT worker and parent(s)/carer invited to attend initial and regularmonthly review meetings, where risk/needs assessment is carried out.eASSET system includes assessment of risk of harm to self, harm toand from others. Reviews of development plans are compulsory andpart of the Youth Justice Board’s National Standards. Informationabout the individuals’ engagement in activities can be included in presentencing reports. Individuals aged 15-16, those under school leavingage, are required to engage in education when in custody.Meetings used to:– Plan for individual’s resettlement. Go to menu of interventions.The Offender Supervisor will work with YOT worker to ensure theindividual has accommodation once released and all other areas ofidentified need are addressed prior to release.– Direct which secure establishment the individual will betransferred to. Individual may be sent to a certain prison because itprovides a specific intervention that meets their needs, or for safetyreasons to avoid rival gangs living on the same units.Source: HMP YOI FelthamHM Prison Service: Young Offender Institution (YOI), 18-21 year olds >>


HomeBackgroundProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESLOCAL AUTHORITYEDUCATIONPOLICEVICTIM SUPPORTCROWN PROSECUTIONSERVICEYOUTH OFFENDINGSERVICELONDON PROBATIONTRUSTHM PRISON SERVICERISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSHM Prison Service:Young Offender Institutions (YOI), 18-21 year oldsIdentification of individualsIndividual arrives at prison – completes GangSelf Disclosure form, Cell Sharing Form andundergoes medical screening.Risk Assessment of individualsIndividual sent to First Days in Custody unitfor up to seven nights where prison staff canmonitor individuals, especially those that maybe vulnerableInformation continuously gathered by prisonstaffCase Management of individualsAllocated Offender Supervisor carries outinitial assessmentUpon sentencing, OASys completed andSentence Plan agreed and implementedSource: HMP YOI FelthamInformation collected can be used to allocate individual to anappropriate unit to try and reduce risk of gang tensions and violencewithin prisonDuring the prison induction, the individual receives informationand visits from a number of agencies. The Cell Sharing form is alsoreviewed in case further information is disclosed that could affecttheir safety. This form is reviewed regularly thereafter.Security Intelligence Reports are submitted to Violence ReductionUnit who assess the intelligence and direct action accordingly. Prisonmaintains databases with information about gang membership andof violent incidents including perpetrators, victims and motivation.Offender’s needs identified under the nationally recognisedresettlement pathwaysOASys includes ongoing risk assessment of the individual as well as acomprehensive sentence plan. Go to menu of interventionsRegular meetings held to review progress of the Young Adult whilst incustody, whilst at all times preparing them for releaseReturn to ‘Agencies working together’ overview chart >>


HomeBackground ProcessesBackgroundMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONAGENCIES WORKINGTOGETHERAGENCY ROLES &RESPONSIBILITIESRISK & CASEMANAGEMENT TOOLSRisk & case management toolsTo provide the appropriate response to individuals both at risk of, and involved in gang and groupoffending, it is important that the risk they pose, both to themselves and others, is assessed atregular intervals. The level of risk informs what intervention is required.There are a number of methods to assess and monitor risk, and manage individuals. These toolscombine the knowledge and expertise of multiple agencies, particularly for high risk individuals.Here are a sample of the tools which are being used in London – some have been developedspecifically for managing gang and group offenders.Risk Management Tools• ASSET• Common Assessment Framework• EOASys• ONSET• Safeguarding Children Against Serious YouthViolence Forum• TriageCase Management Tools• Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements(MAPPA)• Youth Multi Agency Risk AssessmentConference (MARAC)• Prolific & Other Priority Offender Strategy• Deter Young Offender Scheme• Youth Inclusion Support Panel (YISP) / EarlyIntervention Panel


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONS“The menu of interventions maybe useful when preparing bespokedevelopment plans to meet theneeds of individuals”


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSIntroductionThis section provides an extensive menu of options for practitioners within theLondon Criminal Justice Partnership, and beyond.It may be useful:• To practitioners who require alternatives to the usual options.• To managers who want ideas for new local interventions.Once individuals have been risk assessed andare under a practitioner’s case management,the menu of interventions may be useful whenpreparing bespoke development plans to meetthe individual’s needs.This is NOT a definitive, nor a comprehensivemenu of interventions. It is a collection of someof the interventions used in London.This handbook does not provide any guaranteesof effectiveness nor value for money,however our long term ambition would be forinterventions to use the independent bestpracticestandards framework and projectassessment tools being developed by the Mayorof London’s Project Oracle. See ‘Project Oracle– The London Evaluation Toolkit’ in the Homesection.continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSIntroductionEnforcement tacticsThis handbook includes interventions for thepurposes of reassurance, intelligence, preventionand enforcement, in line with the NationalIntelligence Model (NIM) used by law enforcementagencies. Although it is intended to includeas many ideas and different approaches aspossible, it is not suitable for all enforcementagency tactics to be described in the menu ofinterventions.The handbook is a public-access document.UK Border AgencyThe UK Border Agency is currently preparinginformation that is suitable for this handbook.


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEMenu of interventionsEach intervention is written up with a brief description of what it is, why it may be useful,and how practitioners can use it.Where applicable, there is a case study example of how the intervention has been used inthe London context. Supporting documentation is referenced where available and eachintervention provides contact details to find out more.continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEMenu of interventionsTo help practitioners choose an intervention, the menu has been grouped into five categories bywhich you can select the most appropriate intervention:• A-Z• Agency involved• Characteristics of Gang and Group Offending:– Age– Conflict Resolution– Cultural Groups– Enforcement– Engagement– Gang behaviour– Gender– Locations & Territoriality– Parenting– Post Conviction– Victims– Violent Extremism– Weapons• Target Audience:– Individuals– Targeted Groups– Universal Population• Pathways Principles:– Community Voice– Consequences– HelpSee Glossary in the Appendix section for definitions.NB. It should be noted that there are other optionsavailable to law enforcement agencies that are notshown in this handbook.Disclaimer: The effectiveness and cost implications of each intervention are notknown by the authors of this handbook. This menu of interventions providesexamples only, and other similar interventions may be available.


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: A-Z• Acceptable Behaviour Contracts• Anti-Bullying Alliance• Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs)• Army Cadet London Outreach Programme• Boy X• Bronze Group• Calling The Shots• CampusWatch• Challenge & Support• Closure Orders• Community Engagement Operation Trident• Community Order• Compensation Order• Cultural Community Project• Decipher• Demotion Order - Demoted Tenancy• Deprivation Orders• Diamond Initiative• Disqualified Driving• Dog Warrants• Double Edged• Effective Drug Enforcement• Family Intervention Project• Feltham Community Boxing Academy• Community Reassurance after a SeriousIncident• Fireworks Act 2003• Forward Steps ProjectG-O >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONInterventions: A-ZMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-Z• Gangs & Dogs at Festivals• London Junior & Senior Attendance CentresBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLE• Gang Symposium• Girls Only Programme• Group Work in Young Offender Institutions• Growing Against Gangs• Individual Support Orders• Injunctions• Intervention Order• Investigation Anonymity Order• Joint Analytical Group• Joint Enterprise DVD• Junior Citizen• Kickz• Knife Crime Workshop• London Youth Reducing ReoffendingProgramme (Project Daedalus)• Mediation• Mentoring• Met-Track• Miss Dorothy.com• Not Another Drop• Operation Bison• Operation Blunt 2• Operation Layercake• Operation Make Peace CO19 (SpecialistFirearms Command)• Operation ReclaimP-S >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: A-Z• Parenting Contracts• Parenting Orders• Parents Consultation Group• Parent Workshops• Pathways Programme• Payback - Confiscation Orders• Payback - Forfeiture Orders• Payback - Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (POCA)• People with Dogs Project• Project Gamerz• Protection from Harassment Act• Reducing Reoffending Initiative• Rent Deposit Scheme• Restorative Justice and Education Training• Safer Homes Project• SERVE• Sexual Offences Protection Order• Short Stay School for Respite• Personal Development Programme forOffenders• Possession Orders• Prince’s Trust• Prison to Release Offender Programme• Stolen Lives• Streetbeatz Programme• StreetChance• Street Pastors• Street Outreach Service (SOS)S(cont.)-Z >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: A-Z• Strengthening Families, StrengtheningCommunities Parent Programme• The Aspire Programme• The GATES Project• The Ultimate Fight• The Youth Panel• Trident Roadshows• Turnaround Centre• Unloc• U Turn 1• Victim Awareness Programme• Violent Offender Orders• Voice of Youth and Genuine Empowerment(VOYAGE)• Volunteer Police Cadets• Witness Anonymity Orders (during criminalproceedings)• YOU London (Youth Organisations in Uniform)• Young & Safe• Youth Engagement Panel• Youth Engagement Team• Youth Inclusion Programme• Youth Rehabilitation Order


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:INTERVENTION:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesAgencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION:• Anti Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs)• Compensation Order• Deprivation Orders• Disqualified Driving• Dog Warrants• Double Edged• Gangs & Dogs at Festivals• Investigation Anonymity Order• Payback - Confiscation Orders• Payback - Forfeiture Orders• People with Dogs Project• Witness Anonymity Orders (during criminalproceedings)Agencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:INTERVENTION:• Crown Prosecution Service• Anti-Bullying Alliance• Education• Army Cadet London Outreach Programme• Health• Bronze Group• HM Prison Service• CampusWatch• Housing• Challenge & Support• Local Authority• Family Intervention Project• Local Business• Feltham Community Boxing Academy• Local Community• Gang Symposium• London Criminal Justice Partnership• Growing Against Gangs• London Probation Trust• Joint Enterprise DVD• Metropolitan Police Authority• Junior Citizen• Metropolitan Police Service• Miss Dorothy.com• Other statutory bodies• Parenting ContractsAgencies continued >> ‘Education’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION (continued):• Parents Consultation Group• Short Stay School for Respite• Stolen Lives• Strengthening Families, StrengtheningCommunities Parent Programme• Unloc• U Turn 1• Young & Safe• Youth Inclusion ProgrammeAgencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:INTERVENTION:• Crown Prosecution Service• Bronze Group• Education• Family Intervention Project• Health• Intervention Order• HM Prison Service• Joint Analytical Group• Housing• Kickz• Local Authority• Young & Safe• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesAgencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION:• Group Work in Young Offender Institutions• London Junior & Senior Attendance Centres• London Youth Reducing ReoffendingProgramme (Project Daedalus)• Prison to Release Offender Programme• Sexual Offences Protection Order• Violent Offender OrdersAgencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION:• Anti Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs)• Bronze Group• Challenge & Support• Closure Orders• Community Reassurance after a SeriousIncident• Demotion Order - Demoted Tenancy• Effective Drug Enforcement• Gang Symposium• Injunctions• Intervention Order• Parenting Contracts• Parent Workshops• Possession OrdersAgencies continued >> ‘Housing’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:INTERVENTION (continued):• Crown Prosecution Service• Rent Deposit Scheme• Education• SERVE• Health• Turnaround Centre• HM Prison Service• Youth Engagement Panel• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesAgencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION:• Acceptable Behaviour Contracts• Anti Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs)• Army Cadet London Outreach Programme• Bronze Group• Challenge & Support• Closure Orders• Community Reassurance after a SeriousIncident• Decipher• Demotion Order - Demoted Tenancy• Diamond Initiative• Effective Drug Enforcement• Family Intervention Project• Forward Steps ProjectAgencies continued >> ‘Local Authority’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION (continued):• Gang Symposium• Growing Against Gangs• Injunctions• Intervention Order• Joint Analytical Group• Kickz• Knife Crime Workshop• London Junior & Senior Attendance Centres• London Youth Reducing ReoffendingProgramme (Project Daedalus)• Mentoring• Met-Track• Not Another Drop• Operation LayercakeAgencies continued >>‘Local Authority’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION (continued):• Operation Bison• Parenting Contracts• Parenting Orders• Parents Consultation Group• Parent Workshops• Pathways Programme• Payback - Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (POCA)• People with Dogs Project• Personal Development Programme forOffenders• Possession Orders• Reducing Reoffending Initiative• Rent Deposit Scheme• Restorative Justice and Education TrainingAgencies continued >>‘Local Authority’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION (continued):• SERVE• Street Outreach Service (SOS)• Strengthening Families, StrengtheningCommunities Parent Programme• The Ultimate Fight• The Youth Panel• Trident Roadshows• Turnaround Centre• Unloc• Victim Awareness Programme• Young & Safe• Youth Engagement Team• Youth Inclusion ProgrammeAgencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION:• Boy X• Kickz• Mediation• Met-Track• Personal Development Programme forOffenders• Project Gamerz• StreetChanceAgencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION:• Cultural Community Project• Not Another Drop• Restorative Justice and Education Training• Street Pastors• Strengthening Families, StrengtheningCommunities Parent ProgrammeAgencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:INTERVENTION:• Crown Prosecution Service• Pathways Programme• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesAgencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION:• Bronze Group• Community Order• Diamond Initiative• Intervention Order• Operation Bison• Parent Workshops• Personal Development Programme forOffenders• Reducing Reoffending Initiative• Rent Deposit Scheme• Sexual Offences Protection Order• Violent Offender Orders• Young & SafeAgencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:INTERVENTION:• Crown Prosecution Service• Calling The Shots• Education• Mediation• Health• Volunteer Police Cadets• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesAgencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION:• Acceptable Behaviour Contracts• Anti-Bullying Alliance• Anti Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs)• Army Cadet London Outreach Programme• Boy X• Bronze Group• Calling The Shots• CampusWatch• Challenge & Support• Closure Orders• Community Engagement Operation Trident• Community Reassurance after a SeriousIncident• Compensation OrderAgencies continued >> ‘Metropolitan Police Service’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:INTERVENTION (continued):• Crown Prosecution Service• Cultural Community Project• Education• Decipher• Health• Demotion Order - Demoted Tenancy• HM Prison Service• Deprivation Orders• Housing• Diamond Initiative• Local Authority• Disqualified Driving• Local Business• Dog Warrants• Local Community• Double Edged• London Criminal Justice Partnership• Effective Drug Enforcement• London Probation Trust• Family Intervention Project• Metropolitan Police Authority• Feltham Community Boxing Academy• Metropolitan Police Service• Fireworks Act 2003• Other statutory bodies• Gangs & Dogs at FestivalsAgencies continued >>‘Metropolitan Police Service’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:INTERVENTION (continued):• Crown Prosecution Service• Gang Symposium• Education• Group Work in Young Offender Institutions• Health• Growing Against Gangs• HM Prison Service• Individual Support Orders• Housing• Injunctions• Local Authority• Investigation Anonymity Order• Local Business• Joint Analytical Group• Local Community• Joint Enterprise DVD• London Criminal Justice Partnership• Junior Citizen• London Probation Trust• Kickz• Metropolitan Police Authority• Knife Crime Workshop• Metropolitan Police Service• London Junior & Senior Attendance Centres• Other statutory bodies• MediationAgencies continued >>‘Metropolitan Police Service’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION (continued):• Met-Track• Miss Dorothy.com• Not Another Drop• Operation Bison• Operation Blunt 2• Operation Layercake• Operation Make Peace CO19 (Specialist FirearmsCommand)• Operation Reclaim• Parenting Orders• Parents Consultation Group• Pathways Programme• Payback - Confiscation Orders• Payback - Forfeiture OrdersAgencies continued >>‘Metropolitan Police Service’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:INTERVENTION (continued):• Crown Prosecution Service• Payback - Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (POCA)• Education• People with Dogs Project• Health• Prince’s Trust• HM Prison Service• Project Gamerz• Housing• Protection from Harassment Act• Local Authority• Reducing Reoffending Initiative• Local Business• Restorative Justice and Education Training• Local Community• Safer Homes Project• London Criminal Justice Partnership• SERVE• London Probation Trust• Sexual Offences Protection Order• Metropolitan Police Authority• Stolen Lives• Metropolitan Police Service• StreetChance• Other statutory bodies• Street PastorsAgencies continued >>‘Metropolitan Police Service’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION (continued):• Streetbeatz Programme• Street Outreach Service (SOS)• Strengthening Families, StrengtheningCommunities Parent Programme• The Aspire Programme• The GATES Project• The Ultimate Fight• The Youth Panel• Trident Roadshows• Unloc• U Turn 1• Violent Offender Orders• Voice of Youth and Genuine Empowerment(VOYAGE)Agencies continued >>‘Metropolitan Police Service’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION (continued):• Volunteer Police Cadets• Witness Anonymity Orders (during criminalproceedings)• YOU London (Youth Organisations in Uniform)• Young & Safe• Youth Engagement Panel• Youth Engagement Team• Youth Inclusion ProgrammeAgencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION:• Anti Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs)• Army Cadet London Outreach Programme• Closure Orders• Community Reassurance after a SeriousIncident• Compensation Order• Deprivation Orders• Diamond Initiative• Effective Drug Enforcement• Family Intervention Project• Gangs & Dogs at Festivals• Gang Symposium• Individual Support Orders• Intervention OrderAgencies continued >> ‘Other statutory bodies’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY:• Crown Prosecution Service• Education• Health• HM Prison Service• Housing• Local Authority• Local Business• Local Community• London Criminal Justice PartnershipLondon Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service• Other statutory bodiesINTERVENTION (continued):• Junior Citizen• Knife Crime Workshop• London Junior & Senior Attendance Centres• London Youth Reducing ReoffendingProgramme (Project Daedalus)• Parenting Orders• Payback - Confiscation Orders• Prison to Release Offender Programme• Turnaround Centre• Volunteer Police Cadets• Youth Engagement PanelAgencies continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY (continued):INTERVENTION:• Third Sector Organisations• Victim Support• Youth Offending Service


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY (continued):• Third Sector Organisations• Victim Support• Youth Offending ServiceINTERVENTION:• Calling The Shots• Decipher• Dog Warrants• Double Edged• Feltham Community Boxing Academy• Gangs & Dogs at Festivals• Gang Symposium• Growing Against Gangs• Joint Enterprise DVD• Junior Citizen• London Youth Reducing ReoffendingProgramme (Project Daedalus)• Mentoring• Met-Track‘Third Sector Organisations’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY (continued):• Third Sector Organisations• Victim Support• Youth Offending ServiceINTERVENTION (continued):• Operation Layercake• Parent Workshops• People with Dogs Project• Personal Development Programme forOffenders• Prince’s Trust• Prison to Release Offender Programme• Project Gamerz• Reducing Reoffending Initiative• Rent Deposit Scheme• Stolen Lives• Streetbeatz Programme• StreetChance• Street Outreach Service (SOS)‘Third Sector Organisations’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY (continued):INTERVENTION (continued):• Third Sector Organisations• The Aspire Programme• Victim Support• The Ultimate Fight• Youth Offending Service• The Youth Panel• Trident Roadshows• Turnaround Centre• Volunteer Police Cadets• YOU London (Youth Organisations in Uniform)• Young & Safe


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY (continued):INTERVENTION:• Third Sector Organisations• Compensation Order• Victim Support• Safer Homes Project• Youth Offending Service• The GATES Project• Turnaround Centre


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY (continued):INTERVENTION:• Third Sector Organisations• Army Cadet London Outreach Programme• Victim Support• Bronze Group• Youth Offending Service• Challenge & Support• Decipher• Double Edged• Family Intervention Project• Feltham Community Boxing Academy• Girls Only Programme• Group Work in Young Offender Institutions• Individual Support Orders• Joint Enterprise DVD• Kickz• London Junior & Senior Attendance Centres‘Youth Offending Service’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY (continued):• Third Sector Organisations• Victim Support• Youth Offending ServiceINTERVENTION (continued):• London Youth Reducing ReoffendingProgramme (Project Daedalus)• Mentoring• Met-Track• Parenting Contracts• Parenting Orders• Parents Consultation Group• Prison to Release Offender Programme• Restorative Justice and Education Training• Streetbeatz Programme• Street Outreach Service (SOS)• Strengthening Families, StrengtheningCommunities Parent Programme• The Aspire Programme‘Youth Offending Service’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY (continued):INTERVENTION (continued):• Third Sector Organisations• Turnaround Centre• Victim Support• U Turn 1• Youth Offending Service• Victim Awareness Programme• Young & Safe• Youth Engagement Team• Youth Inclusion Programme• Youth Rehabilitation Order


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY (continued):• Third Sector Organisations• Victim Support• Youth Offending ServiceINTERVENTION (continued):• London Youth Reducing ReoffendingProgramme (Project Daedalus)• Mentoring• Met-Track• Parenting Contracts• Parenting Orders• Parents Consultation Group• Prison to Release Offender Programme• Restorative Justice and Education Training• Streetbeatz Programme• Street Outreach Service (SOS)• Strengthening Families, StrengtheningCommunities Parent Programme• The Aspire Programme‘Youth Offending Service’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by agency involvedAGENCY (continued):INTERVENTION (continued):• Third Sector Organisations• Turnaround Centre• Victim Support• U Turn 1• Youth Offending Service• Victim Awareness Programme• Young & Safe• Youth Engagement Team• Youth Inclusion Programme• Youth Rehabilitation Order


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:INTERVENTION:• Age• Conflict Resolution• Cultural Groups• Enforcement• Engagement• Gang Behaviour• Gender• Locations & Territoriality• Parenting• Post Conviction• Victims• Violent Extremism• Weapons


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:INTERVENTION:• Age• Army Cadet London Outreach Programme• Conflict Resolution• Bronze Group• Cultural Groups• Challenge & Support• Enforcement• Junior Citizen• Engagement• Miss Dorothy.com• Gang Behaviour• Project Gamerz• Gender• Short Stay School for Respite• Locations & Territoriality• Stolen Lives• Parenting• Unloc• Post Conviction• Young & Safe• Victims• Youth Engagement Panel• Violent Extremism• Weapons


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:INTERVENTION:• Age• Anti-Bullying Alliance• Conflict Resolution• Mediation• Cultural Groups• Victim Awareness Programme• Enforcement• Engagement• Gang Behaviour• Gender• Locations & Territoriality• Parenting• Post Conviction• Victims• Violent Extremism• Weapons


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:• Age• Conflict Resolution• Cultural Groups• Enforcement• Engagement• Gang Behaviour• Gender• Locations & Territoriality• Parenting• Post Conviction• Victims• Violent Extremism• WeaponsINTERVENTION:• Cultural Community Project• Streetbeatz Programme• Strengthening Families, StrengtheningCommunities Parent Programme• Voice of Youth and Genuine Empowerment(VOYAGE)


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:INTERVENTION:• Age• Acceptable Behaviour Contracts• Conflict Resolution• Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs)• Cultural Groups• CampusWatch• Enforcement• Closure Orders• Engagement• Compensation Order• Gang Behaviour• Demotion Order - Demoted Tenancy• Gender• Deprivation Orders• Locations & Territoriality• Disqualified Driving• Parenting• Dog Warrants• Post Conviction• Effective Drug Enforcement• Victims• Fireworks Act 2003• Violent Extremism• Individual Support Orders• Weapons• InjunctionsEnforcement interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:INTERVENTION (continued):• Age• Intervention Order• Conflict Resolution• Operation Bison• Cultural Groups• Operation Blunt 2• Enforcement• Operation Layercake• Engagement• Operation Reclaim• Gang Behaviour• Payback - Confiscation Orders• Gender• Payback - Forfeiture Orders• Locations & Territoriality• Payback - Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (POCA)• Parenting• Possession Orders• Post Conviction• Sexual Offences Protection Order• Victims• Violent Offender Orders• Violent Extremism• Youth Engagement Team• Weapons


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:INTERVENTION:• Age• Calling The Shots• Conflict Resolution• Forward Steps Project• Cultural Groups• Growing Against Gangs• Enforcement• Kickz• Engagement• Met-Track• Gang Behaviour• Prince’s Trust• Gender• StreetChance• Locations & Territoriality• Street Pastors• Parenting• The Youth Panel• Post Conviction• Turnaround Centre• Victims• Volunteer Police Cadets• Violent Extremism• YOU London (Youth Organisations in Uniform)• Weapons• Youth Inclusion Programme


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:INTERVENTION:• Age• Boy X• Conflict Resolution• Decipher• Cultural Groups• Joint Enterprise DVD• Enforcement• Pathways Programme• Engagement• Street Outreach Service (SOS)• Gang Behaviour• The Aspire Programme• Gender• Locations & Territoriality• Parenting• Post Conviction• Victims• Violent Extremism• Weapons


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:INTERVENTION:• Age• Girls Only Programme• Conflict Resolution• Prison to Release Offender Programme• Cultural Groups• Enforcement• Engagement• Gang Behaviour• Gender• Locations & Territoriality• Parenting• Post Conviction• Victims• Violent Extremism• Weapons


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:• Age• Conflict Resolution• Cultural Groups• Enforcement• Engagement• Gang Behaviour• Gender• Locations & Territoriality• Parenting• Post Conviction• Victims• Violent Extremism• WeaponsINTERVENTION:• Community Reassurance after a SeriousIncident• Joint Analytical Group• Not Another Drop• Trident Roadshows


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:INTERVENTION:• Age• Family Intervention Project• Conflict Resolution• Parenting Contracts• Cultural Groups• Parenting Orders• Enforcement• Parents Consultation Group• Engagement• Parent Workshops• Gang Behaviour• Gender• Locations & Territoriality• Parenting• Post Conviction• Victims• Violent Extremism• Weapons


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:• Age• Conflict Resolution• Cultural Groups• Enforcement• Engagement• Gang Behaviour• Gender• Locations & Territoriality• Parenting• Post Conviction• Victims• Violent Extremism• WeaponsINTERVENTION:• Community Order• Diamond Initiative• Group Work in Young Offender Institutions• London Junior & Senior Attendance Centres• London Youth Reducing ReoffendingProgramme (Project Daedalus)• Personal Development Programme forOffenders• Reducing Reoffending Initiative• Restorative Justice and Education Training• Youth Rehabilitation Order


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:• Age• Conflict Resolution• Cultural Groups• Enforcement• Engagement• Gang Behaviour• Gender• Locations & Territoriality• Parenting• Post Conviction• Victims• Violent Extremism• WeaponsINTERVENTION:• Investigation Anonymity Order• Mentoring• Protection from Harassment Act• Rent Deposit Scheme• Safer Homes Project• SERVE• The GATES Project• Witness Anonymity Orders (during criminalproceedings)


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:INTERVENTION:• Age• Feltham Community Boxing Academy• Conflict Resolution• The Ultimate Fight• Cultural Groups• Enforcement• Engagement• Gang Behaviour• Gender• Locations & Territoriality• Parenting• Post Conviction• Victims• Violent Extremism• Weapons


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by characteristicsCHARACTERISTIC:• Age• Conflict Resolution• Cultural Groups• Enforcement• Engagement• Gang Behaviour• Gender• Locations & Territoriality• Parenting• Post Conviction• Victims• Violent Extremism• WeaponsINTERVENTION:• Community Engagement Operation Trident• Double Edged• Gangs & Dogs at Festivals• Knife Crime Workshop• Operation Make Peace CO19 (Specialist FirearmsCommand)• People with Dogs Project• U Turn 1


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by target audienceCHARACTERISTIC:INTERVENTION:• Individuals• Targeted Groups• Universal Population


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by target audienceTARGET AUDIENCE:INTERVENTION:• Individuals• Acceptable Behaviour Contracts• Targeted Groups• Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs)• Universal Population• Closure Orders• Community Order• Compensation Order• Decipher• Demotion Order - Demoted Tenancy• Deprivation Orders• Diamond Initiative• Disqualified Driving• Dog Warrants• Double Edged• Effective Drug Enforcement‘Individuals’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by target audienceTARGET AUDIENCE:• Individuals• Targeted Groups• Universal PopulationINTERVENTION (continued):• Family Intervention Project• Fireworks Act 2003• Gangs & Dogs at Festivals• Girls Only Programme• Group Work in Young Offender Institutions• Individual Support Orders• Injunctions• Intervention Order• Investigation Anonymity Order• London Junior & Senior Attendance Centres• London Youth Reducing ReoffendingProgramme (Project Daedalus)• Mediation• Operation Bison‘Individuals’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by target audienceTARGET AUDIENCE:• Individuals• Targeted Groups• Universal PopulationINTERVENTION (continued):• Operation Layercake• Operation Reclaim• Parenting Contracts• Parenting Orders• Pathways Programme• Payback - Confiscation Orders• Payback - Forfeiture Orders• Payback - Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (POCA)• Personal Development Programme forOffenders• Possession Orders• Prison to Release Offender Programme• Protection from Harassment Act• Reducing Reoffending Initiative‘Individuals’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by target audienceTARGET AUDIENCE:INTERVENTION (continued):• Individuals• Rent Deposit Scheme• Targeted Groups• Restorative Justice and Education Training• Universal Population• Safer Homes Project• SERVE• Sexual Offences Protection Order• Short Stay School for Respite• Street Outreach Service (SOS)• The Aspire Programme• The Ultimate Fight• Turnaround Centre• Unloc• Victim Awareness Programme• Violent Offender Orders‘Individuals’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by target audienceTARGET AUDIENCE:• Individuals• Targeted Groups• Universal PopulationINTERVENTION (continued):• Witness Anonymity Orders (during criminalproceedings)• Young & Safe• Youth Rehabilitation Order


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by target audienceTARGET AUDIENCE:INTERVENTION:• Individuals• Army Cadet London Outreach Programme• Targeted Groups• Bronze Group• Universal Population• Calling The Shots• Challenge & Support• Community Engagement Operation Trident• Cultural Community Project• Feltham Community Boxing Academy• Forward Steps Project• Gang Symposium• Group Work in Young Offender Institutions• Joint Analytical Group• Joint Enterprise DVD• Kickz‘Targeted Groups’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by target audienceTARGET AUDIENCE:• Individuals• Targeted Groups• Universal PopulationINTERVENTION (continued):• Knife Crime Workshop• Mentoring• Met-Track• Not Another Drop• Operation Blunt 2• Operation Make Peace CO19 (Specialist FirearmsCommand)• Parents Consultation Group• Parent Workshops• People with Dogs Project• Prince’s Trust• Project Gamerz• StreetChance• Street Pastors‘Targeted Groups’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by target audienceTARGET AUDIENCE:• Individuals• Targeted Groups• Universal PopulationINTERVENTION (continued):• Streetbeatz Programme• Strengthening Families, StrengtheningCommunities Parent Programme• The GATES Project• Trident Roadshows• U Turn 1• Voice of Youth and Genuine Empowerment(VOYAGE)• Youth Engagement Panel• Youth Engagement Team• Youth Inclusion Programme


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by target audienceTARGET AUDIENCE:• Individuals• Targeted Groups• Universal PopulationINTERVENTION:• Anti-Bullying Alliance• Boy X• Community Engagement Operation Trident• Community Reassurance after a SeriousIncident• Growing Against Gangs• Junior Citizen• Kickz• Knife Crime Workshop• Met-Track• Miss Dorothy.com• Project Gamerz• Stolen Lives• StreetChance‘Universal Population’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by target audienceTARGET AUDIENCE:INTERVENTION:• Individuals• The GATES Project• Targeted Groups• The Youth Panel• Universal Population• Volunteer Police Cadets• YOU London (Youth Organisations in Uniform)• Youth Engagement Panel• Youth Engagement Team


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by Pathways PrincipleCHARACTERISTIC:INTERVENTION:• Community Voice• Consequences• Help


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by Pathways PrinciplePATHWAYS PRINCIPLE:• Community Voice• Consequences• HelpINTERVENTION:• Anti-Bullying Alliance• Boy X• Calling The Shots• CampusWatch• Community Engagement Operation Trident• Community Reassurance after a SeriousIncident• Cultural Community Project• Growing Against Gangs• Investigation Anonymity Order• Joint Enterprise DVD• Junior Citizen• Kickz• Knife Crime Workshop‘Community Voice’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by Pathways PrinciplePATHWAYS PRINCIPLE:• Community Voice• Consequences• HelpINTERVENTION (continued):• Met-Track• Miss Dorothy.com• Operation Make Peace CO19 (Specialist FirearmsCommand)• Pathways Programme• People with Dogs Project• Stolen Lives• StreetChance• Street Pastors• Streetbeatz Programme• The Ultimate Fight• The Youth Panel• Trident Roadshows‘Targeted Groups’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by Pathways PrinciplePATHWAYS PRINCIPLE:• Community Voice• Consequences• HelpINTERVENTION (continued):• Voice of Youth and Genuine Empowerment(VOYAGE)• Volunteer Police Cadets• Witness Anonymity Orders (during criminalproceedings)• YOU London (Youth Organisations in Uniform)• Youth Engagement Panel


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by Pathways PrinciplePATHWAYS PRINCIPLE:INTERVENTION:• Community Voice• Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs)• Consequences• Closure Orders• Help• Community Order• Compensation Order• Demotion Order - Demoted Tenancy• Deprivation Orders• Disqualified Driving• Dog Warrants• Effective Drug Enforcement• Fireworks Act 2003• Gangs & Dogs at Festivals• Injunctions• Joint Analytical Group‘Consequences’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by Pathways PrinciplePATHWAYS PRINCIPLE:INTERVENTION (continued):• Community Voice• London Junior & Senior Attendance Centres• Consequences• Operation Bison• Help• Operation Blunt 2• Operation Layercake• Operation Reclaim• Pathways Programme• Payback - Confiscation Orders• Payback - Forfeiture Orders• Payback - Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (POCA)• Possession Orders• Sexual Offences Protection Order• Victim Awareness Programme• Violent Offender Orders‘Consequences’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by Pathways PrinciplePATHWAYS PRINCIPLE:INTERVENTION (continued):• Community Voice• Youth Engagement Team• Consequences• Youth Rehabilitation Order• Help


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by Pathways PrinciplePATHWAYS PRINCIPLE:INTERVENTION:• Community Voice• Army Cadet London Outreach Programme• Consequences• Bronze Group• Help• Challenge & Support• Decipher• Diamond Initiative• Double Edged• Family Intervention Project• Feltham Community Boxing Academy• Forward Steps Project• Girls Only Programme• Group Work in Young Offender Institutions• Individual Support Orders• Intervention Order‘Help’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by Pathways PrinciplePATHWAYS PRINCIPLE:• Community Voice• Consequences• HelpINTERVENTION (continued):• London Youth Reducing ReoffendingProgramme (Project Daedalus)• Mediation• Mentoring• Not Another Drop• Parenting Contracts• Parenting Orders• Parents Consultation Group• Parent Workshops• Pathways Programme• Personal Development Programme forOffenders• Prince’s Trust• Prison to Release Offender Programme‘Help’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by Pathways PrinciplePATHWAYS PRINCIPLE:• Community Voice• Consequences• HelpINTERVENTION (continued):• Project Gamerz• Protection from Harassment Act• Reducing Reoffending Initiative• Rent Deposit Scheme• Restorative Justice and Education Training• Safer Homes Project• SERVE• Short Stay School for Respite• Street Outreach Service (SOS)• Strengthening Families, StrengtheningCommunities Parent Programme• The Aspire Programme• The GATES Project• Turnaround Centre‘Help’ interventions (continued) >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStaff trainingAppendixINTRODUCTIONMENU OF INTERVENTIONSA-ZBY AGENCY INVOLVEDBY GANG & GROUPOFFENDINGCHARACTERISTICSBY TARGET AUDIENCEBY PATHWAYS PRINCIPLEInterventions: by Pathways PrinciplePATHWAYS PRINCIPLE:INTERVENTION (continued):• Community Voice• Unloc• Consequences• U Turn 1• Help• Young & Safe• Youth Inclusion Programme


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStafftrainingAppendixSTAFF TRAINING“Gang and group related violencesprings from a range of complex socialproblems that are the responsibility of a numberof government departments and agencies”


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventionsStafftrainingAppendixSTAFF TRAININGStaff training packagesThis section provides examples of some of the staff training packages that are beingused within the London Criminal Justice Partnership agencies and its partners.Staff training packages• One to One Counselling• Practitioner Screenings• Staff Briefings on Serious Group Offending


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixFEEDBACKGLOSSARY OF TERMSCONTACT DETAILSCONTRIBUTIONS &ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS“The handbook can be the start ofLondon’s organisational memory - newideas and interventions are continuallybeing highlighted.”


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixFEEDBACKGLOSSARY OF TERMSCONTACT DETAILSCONTRIBUTIONS &ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSFeedbackNew ideas and interventions are continually being highlighted and this collection ofinterventions is a sample of the ideas being used. It is not possible to capture all, sothere is benefit in refreshing this document in the future.The Specialist Crime Prevention & Partnership Unit(SCD3) in the Metropolitan Police Service will maintainthis document throughout 2010-11.New interventions will be collated via a range offorums and visits and added continually. Existinginformation will be reviewed and refreshedperiodically.If you have any feedback or suggestions on how toimprove the handbook, please contact:SCD3 Mailbox – Prevention & Partnership.


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixFEEDBACKGLOSSARY OF TERMSCONTACT DETAILSCONTRIBUTIONS &ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSGlossary of termsBusiness ProcessPrescribed way of working for all practitioners to carry out on a daily basis for all individuals, in line withorganisational policy and/or national standards.Case managementDay-to-day processes used by practitioners to manage individuals away from gang and group offending(perhaps using a personalised development plan) and to track the individual’s progress.CharacteristicsThe relevant characteristic that the intervention focuses on, out of the 13 characteristics of gang and groupoffending identified for the purposes of this handbook.Every Child MattersEvery Child Matters is a new approach to the well-being of children and young people from birth to age 19. Theaim is for every child, whatever their background or their circumstances, to have the support they need to:be healthy; stay safe; enjoy and achieve; make a positive contribution; and achieve economic well-being.Organisations involved in providing services to children – from hospitals and schools, to police and voluntarygroups – will be teaming up in new ways, sharing information and working together to protect children andyoung people from harm and help them achieve what they want in life. Children and young people will have farmore say about issues that affect them as individuals and collectively. www.education.gov.ukcontinued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixFEEDBACKGLOSSARY OF TERMSCONTACT DETAILSCONTRIBUTIONS &ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSGlossaryIdentification of IndividualsEntry points/first contact, including coming to police notice, referrals, forums etc that identify individuals tothe statutory agencies.InterventionA response to a bespoke need. The delivery method and content of the intervention is designed to meet thebespoke need.MPA Joint Engagement Meeting (JEM)This process involves meeting with key partners from each London borough to problem solve and identifypotential good practice. The first round of JEMs focused on serious youth violence. Current initiatives to tacklethis were reviewed as part of the meetings. Those interventions presented as being particularly effective bythe MPA were noted and further information was sought.Network AllianceNetwork Alliance is a communications network set up to promote the sharing of good practice and networking.The group focuses on piloting new tactics against serious violence. The partners within the network includethe Metropolitan Police Service and councils within Croydon, Greenwich, Lambeth, Lewisham, Southwark andnow Waltham Forest, the Home Office, London Probation Trust, local Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnershipsand Victim Support London. The website is www.networkalliance.met.police.uk/about.htmlcontinued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixFEEDBACKGLOSSARY OF TERMSCONTACT DETAILSCONTRIBUTIONS &ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSGlossaryNon-StatutoryThis is not a legal requirement and not compulsory as part of a Court Order.Pathways Principle• Community Voice: these interventions are focused on improving engagement with those that may be vulnerable toinvolvement in gang and group offending, as well as those affected by it, such as family, friends and the communityas a whole.• Consequences: these interventions provide some enforcement options to tackle those involved in gang and groupoffending who continue to be involved in criminality. The range of Consequences interventions offers options toensure that the enforcement response is proportionate to the offence and risk posed.• Help: these interventions can assist in providing an exit strategy for those individuals involved in gang and groupoffending, and who show motivation to change.Purpose of InterventionThis describes the overall aim of the intervention.• Reassurance interventions seek to restore confidence to the local community.• Intelligence interventions seek to gain information or fill information gaps.• Prevention interventions seek to keep the individual from offending or reoffending through non-enforcement action.• Enforcement interventions seek to impose the law where a crime has been committed. continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixFEEDBACKGLOSSARY OF TERMSCONTACT DETAILSCONTRIBUTIONS &ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSGlossaryRisk & Protective FactorsThese are the underlying causes of youth crime. The intervention may focus on reducing one of the riskfactors or enhancing the protective factors that buffer individuals against the risks to which they are exposed.These factors are not specific to gang or group offending. The list is derived from ‘Risk and Protective Factors’research undertaken by Communities that Care on behalf of the Youth Justice Board (2005).Risk assessmentThe tools, systems, checks that are carried out by practitioners to assess the risks surrounding the individual.The risk includes risk of harm to self, risk of harm to others, and even risk of harm from others, in the gangcontext. The risk assessment may be carried out by one agency, or be populated by multiple agencies inpartnership, to obtain the best information available.Status of InterventionThe intervention may be established or in the early stages of development as a pilot intervention. Theintervention will also state if it is a statutory or non-statutory requirement.StatutoryA legal requirement, such as part of a Court Order.continued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixFEEDBACKGLOSSARY OF TERMSCONTACT DETAILSCONTRIBUTIONS &ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSGlossaryTarget AudienceThe target audience of the intervention. It will determine if it is designed for use on Individuals (Specialist);Targeted Groups (Targeted); or Universal population (Universal).The Scaled ApproachA major project by the Youth Justice Board, supporting major changes in youth justice practice and legislation.It is:• Implementing a tiered approach to interventions in order to reduce likelihood of reoffending and risk ofserious harm (The Scaled Approach);• Supporting practitioners in the introduction of a new sentencing framework;• Ensuring a coherent relationship between the new National Standards for Youth Justice Services, KeyElements of Effective Practice and the new Case Management Guidance;• Supporting case management as an end-to-end process; and• Improving practice in assessment completion, pre-sentence report (PSR) writing and intervention planning.www.yjb.gov.uk


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixFEEDBACKGLOSSARY OF TERMSCONTACT DETAILSCONTRIBUTIONS &ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSContact detailsSpecialist Crime Prevention & Partnership Unit (SCD3)Metropolitan Police ServiceRoom 1217 New Scotland YardBroadwayLondon SW1H 0BGTel: 0207 230 2948Email: SCD3 Mailbox – Prevention & Partnership


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixFEEDBACKGLOSSARY OF TERMSCONTACT DETAILSCONTRIBUTIONS &ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSContributions & acknowledgementsThe author would like to thank all those organisations and individuals who kindly contributed theirtime and expertise.• Bexley Council• Brent Council• Bromley Council• Camden Council• Crown Prosecution Service, Hackney• Croydon Council• Ealing Council• Greater London Authority• Hammersmith & Fulham Council• Hillingdon Council• HM Prison Service Young Offenders InstitutionFeltham• Islington Council• Kingston Council• Lambeth Council• Lewisham Council• London Probation Trust• Metropolitan Police Authority• Metropolitan Police Service, Camden Borough• Metropolitan Police Service, Citizen FocusDirectorate• Metropolitan Police Service, CO11• Metropolitan Police Service, CO19• Metropolitan Police Service, CO20• Metropolitan Police Service, Ealing Borough• Metropolitan Police Service, Emerald• Metropolitan Police Service, Enfield Borough• Metropolitan Police Service, Hackney Borough• Metropolitan Police Service, Hammersmith &Fulham Boroughcontinued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixFEEDBACKGLOSSARY OF TERMSCONTACT DETAILSCONTRIBUTIONS &ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSContributions & acknowledgements• Metropolitan Police Service, Hillingdon Borough• Metropolitan Police Service, Hounslow Borough• Metropolitan Police Service, Islington Borough• Metropolitan Police Service, Lambeth Borough• Metropolitan Police Service, Met IntelligenceBureau• Metropolitan Police Service, SCD1• Metropolitan Police Service, SCD3• Metropolitan Police Service, SCD8• Metropolitan Police Service, SouthwarkBorough• Metropolitan Police Service, Territorial PolicingHeadquarters• Metropolitan Police Service, Youth Team• Metropolitan Police Service, Tower HamletsBorough• Metropolitan Police Service, WandsworthBorough• National Offender Management Service• Network Alliance• Southwark Council• Tower Hamlets Council• UK Border Agency• Victim Support London• Victim Support Southwark• Youth Justice Board• Youth Justice Board, London regioncontinued >>


BackgroundHome ProcessesMenu ofinterventions Staff trainingAppendixFEEDBACKGLOSSARY OF TERMSCONTACT DETAILSCONTRIBUTIONS &ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSContributions & acknowledgementsSpecial thanks goes to:Karen Mills, Southwark Borough, Metropolitan Police Service, who greatlyassisted the author in the production of this handbook;andMichael Tarrant, Specialist Crime Prevention & Partnership Unit (SCD3),Metropolitan Police Service, as author of the original ‘Serious Youth ViolenceToolkit’, published in the Metropolitan Police Service in January 2009.This handbook was written and produced by:Kerry Hutton, Specialist Crime Prevention & Partnership Unit (SCD3),Metropolitan Police Service.Designed & created by Butcher & Gundersen, www.bgundersen.comThis document is the copyright of the Metropolitan Police Authority (MPA) and may not be reproduced in wholeor in part without express written permission’.© Metropolitan Police Authority 2010

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