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A Classic Thesis Style - Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

A Classic Thesis Style - Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

A Classic Thesis Style - Johannes Gutenberg-Universität

M E A S U R E M E N T O F T H E U N P O L A R I Z E D K + Λ A N D K + Σ 0 E L E C T R O P R O D U C T I O N C R O S S - S E C T I O N O F F T H E P R O T O N W I T H KAOS - S P E C T R O M E T E R D I S S E RTAT I O N zur Erlangung des Grades “Doktor der Naturwissenschaften” am Fachbereich Physik, Mathematik und Informatik der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz Salvador Sánchez Majos geboren in Alicante, Spain Institüt für Kernphysik Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz February 2012

  • Page 3: To my dear brother
  • Page 7: P U B L I C AT I O N S Some ideas a
  • Page 10 and 11: x contents 3.4 Collected data and r
  • Page 13 and 14: I N T R O D U C T I O N The order a
  • Page 15 and 16: 1.1 particles, fields and reduction
  • Page 17 and 18: 1.2 scope of the present work 7 res
  • Page 19 and 20: 1.3 kinematics and cross-section st
  • Page 21 and 22: 1.4 theoretical models 11 For those
  • Page 23 and 24: K ¡N ∗ (Δ ∗ ) γ ∗ Λ(Σ 0
  • Page 25 and 26: 1.5 kaon-maid and saclay-lyon isoba
  • Page 27 and 28: [nb/sr] cm K /dΩ dσ v [nb/sr] cm
  • Page 29 and 30: (nb/sr) Ω /d σ d 400 350 300 250
  • Page 31 and 32: 1.6 previous experiments 21 Σ 0 cr
  • Page 33: 1.6 previous experiments 23 out of
  • Page 36 and 37: 26 experimental setup and data acqu
  • Page 38 and 39: 28 experimental setup and data acqu
  • Page 40 and 41: 30 experimental setup and data acqu
  • Page 42 and 43: 32 experimental setup and data acqu
  • Page 44 and 45: 34 experimental setup and data acqu
  • Page 46 and 47: 36 experimental setup and data acqu
  • Page 48 and 49: 38 experimental setup and data acqu
  • Page 50 and 51: 40 experimental setup and data acqu
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    42 experimental setup and data acqu

  • Page 54 and 55:

    44 experimental setup and data acqu

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    46 experimental setup and data acqu

  • Page 58 and 59:

    48 experimental setup and data acqu

  • Page 61 and 62:

    D E T E C T I O N E F F I C I E N C

  • Page 63 and 64:

    3.2 tracking efficiency 53 ode plan

  • Page 65 and 66:

    3.2 tracking efficiency 55 separate

  • Page 67 and 68:

    L y [mm] 200 100 0 −100 KAOS/MWPC

  • Page 69 and 70:

    t (TDC units) Δ -200 -250 -300 -35

  • Page 71 and 72:

    3.2.6 Efficiency definition and res

  • Page 73 and 74:

    3.3 scintillator walls inefficienci

  • Page 75 and 76:

    Position in y (mm) 600 400 200 0

  • Page 77 and 78:

    3.5 particle identification 3.5 par

  • Page 79 and 80:

    Gx (mm) 1800 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

  • Page 81 and 82:

    dE/dx (MeV/cm) 3 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2

  • Page 83 and 84:

    3.7 reaction channel id 3.7 reactio

  • Page 85 and 86:

    3.8 scaling method for cross-sectio

  • Page 87 and 88:

    3.8 scaling method for cross-sectio

  • Page 89:

    3.9 systematic errors 79 1 % level.

  • Page 92 and 93:

    82 conclusions cm [nb/sr] dσ v / d

  • Page 94 and 95:

    84 conclusions cm [nb/sr] dσ v / d

  • Page 96 and 97:

    86 conclusions (a) (b) Figure 54: Q

  • Page 99 and 100:

    conclusions 89 The simultaneous det

  • Page 101 and 102:

    P R O T O T Y P I N G A N D E F F I

  • Page 103 and 104:

    Counts 5000 Pedestal 1 photon peak

  • Page 105 and 106:

    Mean number of fired pixels 20 18 1

  • Page 107 and 108:

    Accidental coincidence rate (x 100k

  • Page 109 and 110:

    5.5 modeling of long scintillating

  • Page 111 and 112:

    5.5 modeling of long scintillating

  • Page 113 and 114:

    N O I S E A N D R A D I AT I O N D

  • Page 115 and 116:

    6.3 sipm irradiation with the elect

  • Page 117 and 118:

    6.4 sipm irradiation by hadronic an

  • Page 119 and 120:

    6.5 damage characterisation with a

  • Page 121 and 122:

    6.5 damage characterisation with a

  • Page 123 and 124:

    Probability density Probability den

  • Page 125 and 126:

    6.5 damage characterisation with a

  • Page 127 and 128:

    C O N C L U S I O N S We have shown

  • Page 129 and 130:

    T H E O R E T I C A L B A C K G R O

  • Page 131 and 132:

    A.3 relativistic scattering in an e

  • Page 133 and 134:

    A.4 scattering in the field of the

  • Page 135 and 136:

    A.5 from the s matrix to the cross-

  • Page 137 and 138:

    A.6 constrains on the cross section

  • Page 139 and 140:

    Now using that: A.7 explicit form o

  • Page 141 and 142:

    A.9 final expression for the cross-

  • Page 143 and 144:

    A.10 virtual and real photons 133 (

  • Page 145 and 146:

    A.10 virtual and real photons 135 c

  • Page 147 and 148:

    B I B L I O G R A P H Y [1] Albert

  • Page 149 and 150:

    ibliography 139 [30] K. Ohta. Elect

  • Page 151 and 152:

    ibliography 141 [58] D. S. Carman e

  • Page 153 and 154:

    ibliography 143 [84] C. Leroy and P

  • Page 155 and 156:

    L I S T O F F I G U R E S Figure 1

  • Page 157 and 158:

    ibliography 147 Figure 53 Predictio

  • Page 159:

    A C K N O W L E D G M E N T S The m

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