12.07.2015 Views

USGA COURSE RATING MANUAL AND GUIDE - Golf.se

USGA COURSE RATING MANUAL AND GUIDE - Golf.se

USGA COURSE RATING MANUAL AND GUIDE - Golf.se

SHOW MORE
SHOW LESS
  • No tags were found...

Create successful ePaper yourself

Turn your PDF publications into a flip-book with our unique Google optimized e-Paper software.

<strong>USGA</strong> <strong>COURSE</strong> <strong>RATING</strong> <strong>MANUAL</strong><strong>AND</strong> <strong>GUIDE</strong>| CR IntroJanuary 1, 2012 – December31, 2015


SCRATCH GOLFERA scratch golfer is a player who can play to aCour<strong>se</strong> Handicap of zero on any and all ratedgolf cour<strong>se</strong>s.A male scratch golfer, for rating purpo<strong>se</strong>s,can hit tee shots a average of 250 yardsand can reach a 470-yard hole in two shots| CR Intro


LENGTH CORRECTION SHORT<strong>COURSE</strong> (WOMEN)Added a formula for women (similar to men) that adds effectiveplaying length to cour<strong>se</strong>s between 3,000 and 3,600 yards.(NEW) Women’s EPL Correction length = 0.7 X Length + 1080(Current) Men’s EPL Correction length = 0.633 x Length + 1760| CR Intro


CARRY SAFELYIn order to carry an obstacle safely,a shot must be able to clear theobstacle by at least 10 yards.When recording a carry distanceover an obstacle, the 10 yardsshould be added to the length ofcarry. If a golfer cannot carry suchan obstacle by 10 yards, it mayresult in a forced lay up or analternative line of play.| CR Intro


CLOSELY BORDERINGAn obstacle or condition is considered clo<strong>se</strong>ly bordering alanding zone or green if it is within 10 yards in anydirection of the outside perimeter of alanding zone or edge of the green.14 yards| CR Intro5 feet


NEARAn obstacle or condition isconsidered near a landingzone or green if it iswithin 20 yards in anydirection of the outsideperimeter of a landing zoneor edge of the green.| CR Intro


MOUNDSA mound has up to four playable sides that impactstance or lie. Mounds in the fairway are rated underTopography. Mounds in the rough or around the greenare rated under Recoverability and Rough (R&R).When considering mounds, the rating team mustevaluate downhill, sidehill, and uphill lies on the varioussides of the mounds, rough height, and how themounds will impact scoring. Hollows are es<strong>se</strong>ntiallyinverted mounds and should be rated using the sameprocedure.| CR Intro


IMPORTANCE OF MEASURINGPERMANENT MARKERS| CR Intro


IMPORTANCE OF PERMANENTMARKERS| CR Intro


ROLLNormal LZAdjusted LZ


ELEVATIONAdjustments must be made when elevations between theteeing ground and the green differ by 10 feet or more.Record the actual or estimated elevation difference in feet(rounded to the nearest 10) from tee to green in the blockon Form 1.Uphill 25 feet needs to be recorded as +30 and 14 feetdownhill needs to be recorded as -10.Maximum elevation on a par-3 hole is 40 feet uphill ordownhill.| Effective Playing Length Factors


FORCED LAY UPForced lay up occurs when obstaclessuch as water, deep bunkers, or extremerough cros<strong>se</strong>s the fairway or reduces thefairway width in the normal landing zone toless than 15 [13] yards.The largest Dogleg/Forced Lay-up valueallowed on any given hole is + / - 50yards.| Effective Playing Length Factors


LAY UP BY CHOICE*Lay up by choice occurs when obstacles near the normallanding zone results in a scratch or bogey golfer choosingto hit less than a full shot.A fairway landing zone less than 15 [13] yards widewithout <strong>se</strong>vere obstacles may be a reason for lay-up bychoice.*NOTE* There may be situations where the overall lay upis a combination of forced lay up and lay up by choice.


OBSTACLES BEHIND GREEN| CR Intro


TWEENERA “Tweener” is a value that falls in-betweentwo table values. For example, if the tableprovides rating values of 4 and 6, but not 5, therater may assign a rating of 5 if the obstacle ismore significant than a 4 but less significantthan a 6.| CR Intro


TWEENER| CR Intro5


TOPOGRAPHYDeleted Visibility adjustment. Remains under Green Target.| Topography


Minor Topography


“Tweener” Topography


Moderate Topography


Significant Moderate Topography


MEASURING FAIRWAY WIDTHWhen the fairway width is reduced by an obstacle(s) (bunkers, waterhazards, etc.), measure the width at the narrowest point and u<strong>se</strong> thatmeasurement exclusively as the fairway width of that landing zonerather than using an average width.| Fairway


MEASURING FAIRWAY WIDTH| Fairway


EXAMPLE422634FAIRWAY 4 5430 [370] yard hole1st Landing Zone Width 34 422nd Landing Zone Width 26


GREEN TARGETEvaluation of hitting the green with the approach shot.Green Target ratings are ba<strong>se</strong>d on:Green size;Approach shot length; andGreen surface visibility, firmness, and contour.| Green Target


TRANSITION ZONEOn a hole where a long shot can barely reach thecenter of the green, the Green Target value ishigh (from 4 to 10 depending on green size).When a long shot cannot reach the green surfaceand a short pitch shot remains, the Green Targetvalue is low (normally 2). When the hole lengthfalls between the<strong>se</strong> two extremes, an intermediatevalue between the long and short Green Targetratings is determined, using the “Transition Zone”concept.| Green Target


RECOVERABILITY <strong>AND</strong> ROUGHEvaluation of the probability of missing the tee shot landing zoneand the green, and the difficulty of recovering if either, or both, ismis<strong>se</strong>d.R&R ratings are ba<strong>se</strong>d on:Difficulty of the green as a target;Type of rough gras<strong>se</strong>s and their height;Ri<strong>se</strong> and Drop around the green;Mounds along the fairway or at the green;Other rough conditions such as sand dunes, waste areas (notbunkers), brush, iceplant, palmettos, etc.; andDifference (if any) in rough along the fairway vs. the green.| Recoverability and Rough


RECOVERABILITY <strong>AND</strong> ROUGH(I)* +1 If the rough is INCONSISTENT – near alanding zone or clo<strong>se</strong>ly bordering the green it is muchmore <strong>se</strong>vere than the rough height of the cour<strong>se</strong>(e.g., 2" {1“} longer vs. rough height of the cour<strong>se</strong>).or –1 If the rough is INCONSISTENT – near alanding zone or clo<strong>se</strong>ly bordering the green it is muchless <strong>se</strong>vere than the rough height of the cour<strong>se</strong>(e.g., 2" {1"} shorter, or if the rough around thegreen has areas cut to fairway height that allow foreasier recovery shots).| Recoverability and Rough


RECOVERABILITY <strong>AND</strong> ROUGH(U) +1 If more than ½ the green (excludingbunkers) is clo<strong>se</strong>ly bordered by sloping ground cutto fairway height that results in shots just missingthe green ending up in UNPLEASANT recoverysituations farther from the green, making recoverymore difficult, e.g runoff-area.| Recoverability and Rough


RECOVERABILITY <strong>AND</strong> ROUGHRemoved Extreme Adjustment| Recoverability and Rough


BUNKERSBunkers within 10 yards of the edge of the greennormally are considered to border it clo<strong>se</strong>ly.| Bunkers


OBSTACLE SQUEEZEObstacle squeeze occurs when the sameobstacle is pre<strong>se</strong>nt on both sides of a landingzone and a player cannot play away from eitherside.Obstacle squeeze can only occur in fairwaylanding zones. Rating values in tables assumethe existence of some obstacle squeeze.Obstacle squeeze consists of water hazards,OB/ER, trees, or de<strong>se</strong>rt situated on both sidesof a landing zone within 20 yards of the centerof that landing zone or bunkers within 15 yards.| CR Intro


OBSTACLE SQUEEZE≤ 15yards≤ 15yards| CR Intro


Bunker Depth


MEASURING BUNKER DEPTHThe depth of a greenside bunker (DEPTH (D) adjustment) is measured frompoints where most recovery shots are made to a height that would get the ballonto any part of the green surface. The depth of a fairway bunker (EXTREME(E) adjustment) is measured from points where most recovery shots are madeto a height that would get the ball out of the bunker on a line of play to the nexttarget (landing zone or green).| Bunkers


CARRY ADJUSTMENT(C)* +1 If the player must CARRY a greensidebunker(s), which protects more than half thegreen (Green Target rating must be ,5 or greaterfor the scratch golfer, but it may be any value forthe bogey golfer).| Bunkers


BUNKER CARRY


EXTREME ROUGH CROSSING


PERCENTAGE


BOUNCE ADJUSTMENTBounce adjustment changed to exclude u<strong>se</strong> when measurement is in the far rightcolumn of OB/ER, Water Hazard, and De<strong>se</strong>rt.| Out of Bounds / Extreme Rough


PERCENTAGE


SURROUNDED ADJUSTMENTAdded new bullet point to clarify distance u<strong>se</strong>d to apply to Surrounded table.“Consider conditions that can decrea<strong>se</strong> or increa<strong>se</strong> the likelihood of the waterhazard coming into play from the edge of the green when determining distance(e.g., a downslope can increa<strong>se</strong> the likelihood; an intervening bunker can decrea<strong>se</strong>the likelihood).”| Water Hazards


TREESNumber, height, and density of trees near the landing area;Density of foliage at mid<strong>se</strong>ason conditions;Pre<strong>se</strong>nce of low-hanging branches that impact swing;Conditions under the trees that impact the lie of the ball;Conditions along the line of play from the trees (interveningwater, bunkers, etc.);Length of the shot to be played from the trees to the green; andWhether the next shot is to the green or another landing zone.| Trees


MINOR RECOVERY PROBLEMS


MODERATE RECOVERY PROBLEMS


SIGNIFICANT RECOVERY PROBLEMS


EXTREME RECOVERY PROBLEMS


TREESTREESLateralRecovery ReductionTREES 4 2Lateral 27 31Recovery Reduction -2 -32927Recovery is Mod. to Significant (-2)3133Recovery is Minor to Mod. (-3)PacePace| Trees


GREEN SURFACEEvaluation of the difficulty of a green from aputting standpoint.Green Surface ratings are ba<strong>se</strong>d on:Green speed (as measured by theStimpmeter); andGreen contouring and slope or tilt.| Green Surface


RELATIVELY FLAT


MODERATELY CONTOURED


HIGHLY CONTOURED


PSYCHOLOGICALAmended Extraordinary adjustment so OB/ER is inclusive forbogey women golfers only.| <strong>USGA</strong> Cour<strong>se</strong> Rating System Changes, 2012-2015

Hooray! Your file is uploaded and ready to be published.

Saved successfully!

Ooh no, something went wrong!