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Individual Differences in the Propensity for Partner Sexual Coercion

Individual Differences in the Propensity for Partner Sexual Coercion

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122 Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and TreatmentFigure 4Mean Cormier-Lang Criminal History Scores and SEbars of Partner Rapists, Rapists, and Child Molesters7060Cormier-Lang Criminal History50403020100Partner Rapists Rapists Child MolestersFigure 5Mean Violence Risk Appraisal Guide Scores and SEBars of Partner Rapists, Rapists, and Child Molesters2015VRAG1050Partner Rapists Rapists Child MolestersDownloaded from http://sax.sagepub.com at Queen's University on March 16, 2009

Camilleri, Quinsey / Partner Sexual Coercion 123Table 1Comparison of Partner Rapists and Nonsexual Partner AssaultersPartner RapistsNonsexualPartner Assaultersn M SD n M SDAge 16 30.94 10.63 27 31.3 8.6Psychopathy Checklist–Revised* 18 20.3 8.8 30 11.3 7.0IQ 21 100.3 13.8 28 105.9 12.0Cormier-Lang Criminal History 25 28.9 26.8 30 25.1 25.9Violence Risk Appraisal Guide* 18 6.4 11.9 30 –9.1 9.1*p .001.and less severe crimes than rapists, despite having more opportunity because theywere older.Follow-up comparisons found partner rapists (n 18, M 6.4, SD 11.9) andchild molesters (n 27, M 4.5, SD 10.0) had a lower risk of recidivating thanrapists (n 20, M 16.4, SD 9.4), as indicated by their VRAG scores (ps .003),and there were no differences between partner rapists and child molesters (p .54).Partner Rapists Versus Partner AssaultersThere were no differences between partner rapists and partner assaulters on IQ,t(47) –1.52, p .16; or criminal history, t(53) .54, p .65. However, partnerrapists had higher psychopathy scores, t(46) 3.93, p .001; and higher VRAGscores, t(46) 5.10, p .001 (see Table 1).DiscussionThere were similarities and differences between partner rapists and other offendergroups. The forensic sample confirmed psychopathy as a characteristic of sexualaggression in relationships: Thirty-three percent of partner rapists were psychopaths,the average score of psychopathy among partner rapists were not different from rapists,and there was no difference in the proportion of partner rapists and rapists whowere psychopaths. Characteristics of rapists that were different among partner rapistsincluded criminal history and risk of recidivating. A characteristic of childmolesters that did not apply to partner rapists was lower IQ. It was interesting thatpartner rapists were more psychopathic and were at greater risk of recidivating thanpartner assaulters. We discuss the implications of these similarities and differencesin our general discussion.An important component of Study 2 was to ensure that our samples were similarto other crime samples. Finding that child molesters had lower IQ, criminal history,Downloaded from http://sax.sagepub.com at Queen's University on March 16, 2009

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