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A SURVEY OF CULTURAL RESOURCES - SAHRA

A SURVEY OF CULTURAL RESOURCES - SAHRA

Basic Assessment Mookodi

Basic Assessment Mookodi Integration – Phase 2The last chapter in the history of the region was its incorporation under the policy of homelanddevelopment, into the Republic of Bophuthatswana. This was a very fragmented ‘State’ and itwould have needed permanent support by the central government to keep it in place. Since1994, this has fallen away and the people and the region were reincorporated into the largerRepublic of South AfricaFarmsteadsFarmsteads are complex features in the landscape, being made up of different yetinterconnected elements. Typically these consist of a main house, gardens, outbuildings,sheds and barns, with some distance from that labourer housing and various cemeteries. Inaddition roads and tracks, stock pens and wind mills complete the setup. An impact on oneelement therefore impacts on the whole.NHRA Category Buildings, structures, places and equipment of cultural significanceProtection statusGeneral Protection - Section 34: Structures older than 60 yearsHeritage sites assessmentSite type Site significance Site grading (Section 7 of NHRA)FarmsteadsMedium on a regionallevelIIIImpact assessmentImpact It is highly unlikely that the power line would cross over any existing farmsteador other buildingsMitigation If the route change and the line is to cross such a feature, total documentation(mapping, photographing and oral documentation) would be requiredPermits If older than 60 years, a permit from SAHRA would be requiredCemeteriesApart from the formal cemeteries that occur in municipal areas (towns or villages), a numberof these, some quite informal, i.e. without fencing, is expected to occur sporadically all over,but probably in the vicinity of the various farmsteads. Many might also have been forgotten,making it very difficult to trace the descendants in a case where the graves are to berelocated.Most of these cemeteries, irrespective of the fact that they are for land owner or farmlabourers (with a few exceptions where they were integrated), are family orientated. They aretherefore serve as important ‘documents’ linking people directly by name to the land.8

Basic Assessment Mookodi Integration – Phase 2NHRA Category Graves, cemeteries and burial groundsProtection statusGeneral Protection - Section 36: Graves or burial groundsHeritage sites assessmentSite type Site significance Site grading (Section 7 of NHRA)Cemetery High on a regional level IIIImpact assessmentImpact As it is unlikely that the power line would have any other than a visual impacton such sites, it is recommended that they are retained in their currentlocation.Mitigation These sites should be avoided at all times. During construction it should beclearly demarcated, e.g. by using danger tape.Permits If retained, no permits are necessaryTownsVryburg:This town was founded in 1883 as the capital of the Republic of Stellaland, an independentBoer republic. The Boers that inhabited the area styled themselves as free citizens, orvryburgers, in Dutch, from which the name of the town was derived. The town achievedmunicipal status in 1896.ooAccording to available data bases this town has 5 buildings listed as of provincialsignificance. In addition some cemeteries and monuments also occur.As the proposed power line does not cross into town, there would be no impacton any of these sites.Schweizer-Reneke:The town was established in 1888 and named after two officers that were killed during a battlewith the Korana.oAccording to available data bases this town has 5 buildings listed as of provincialsignificance. In addition some cemeteries and monuments also occur.9

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