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evaluation of the european strategy on safety and health at work ...

evaluation of the european strategy on safety and health at work ...

EVALUATION OF THE

EVALUATION OF THE EUROPEAN STRATEGY ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 2007-20121777 Conclusions and recommendationsThis chapter presents ong>theong> conclusions and recommendations drawn from ong>theong> datacollected and ong>theong> analysis conducted and presented in chapters 4-6.7.1 ConclusionsThe conclusions are structured according to ong>theong> ong>evaluationong> criteria to be assessed,i.e. relevance, effectiveness, impact, coherence, ownership, consistency andcommunity added value.7.1.1 RelevanceQ1: To which extent were ong>theong> objectives ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>strategyong> chosen adequately?Q2: To which extent are ong>theong> objectives still relevant for future policy instruments ‐ andhow should ong>theong>y be revised?Q6: What are ong>theong> main lessons learned and which priorities should be taken into accountin ong>theong> development ong>ofong> future policy instruments?Relevance ong>ofong> current ong>strategyong>The evidence presented in this report shows that ong>theong> current ong>strategyong> has beenhighly relevant.Issues and problemsto be addressedThere were (and continue to be) important problems and issues regarding OSHacross ong>theong> EU, which need to be addressed. Even though ong>theong> period preceding ong>theong>ong>strategyong> saw a considerable decrease in ong>theong> incidence ong>ofong> accidents at work in ong>theong>EU-15, this was still a cause for concern during ong>theong> period ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>strategyong> (in somecountries more than in oong>theong>rs). In relation to occupational diseases, ong>theong>re is limitedharmonised EU-wide data. However, ong>theong> available data shows that occupationaldiseases have remained a significant problem. In particular MSDs and psychosocialillnesses (stress) stand out as major areas ong>ofong> in-going concern. Recent authoritativereports have also identified ong>theong> potential burden ong>ofong> occupational cancers, asignificant proportion ong>ofong> which are deemed to be preventable with appropriateaction.http://projects.cowiportal.com/ps/A019055/Documents/3 Project documents/Interim and final report/Final report October 2012/OSH ong>evaluationong>-report_Final_submitted 14 March2013.docx

178 EVALUATION OF THE EUREVALUATION OF THE EUROPEAN STRATEGY ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 2007-2012178The benefits ong>ofong> OSHpolicyCoordination ong>ofong>actors and actionsinvolvedStrong confirmationong>ofong> relevance frominvolved actorsStudies have shown that ong>theong> potential benefits ong>ofong> OSH regulation are significantand that well-planned and systematically carried out OSH measures can create asignificant return on investment. This underlines ong>theong> relevance to ong>theong> wider EUcommunity ong>ofong> policy measures in ong>theong> field ong>ofong> occupational health and safety.The policy area ong>ofong> OSH is complex with many issues and actors involved - at ong>theong>European and ong>theong> Member State levels. Hence, even though some actions wouldhave been implemented in ong>theong> absence ong>ofong> a European ong>strategyong>, ong>theong> relevance ong>ofong> ong>theong>ong>strategyong> is particularly strong in providing a firm policy basis for action and infacilitating ong>theong> coordination ong>ofong> ong>theong> actions taken by ong>theong> many stakeholdersinvolved. The merit ong>ofong> a ong>strategyong> lies especially in providing a framework forcoordination, and a common sense ong>ofong> direction. However, ong>theong>re remains room forimprovements to ong>theong> integration and coordination between policy areas and ong>theong>actors involved, at both European and Member State level.All ong>theong> stakeholders consulted for this ong>evaluationong> have strongly confirmed ong>theong>relevance ong>ofong> ong>theong> European ong>strategyong> - even when ong>theong>y did not agree fully with all ong>ofong>ong>theong> content ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>strategyong>.Overall goals andtargetsRelevance ong>ofong> current objectivesThe relevance ong>ofong> ong>theong> overall goals ong>ofong> seeking a reduction in occupational accidentsand diseases is undisputable. Any OSH policy intervention would be carried outwith ong>theong>se objectives in mind.The ong>strategyong> aimed for a 25% reduction in ong>theong> incidence ong>ofong> work related accidents.The positive effect ong>ofong> having a quantitative target has been ong>theong> resultantcommunication value and visibility ong>ofong> ong>theong> target and ong>theong> ong>strategyong>. Also, in countrieswhere occupational accidents were a major cause for concern, ong>theong> Europeanong>strategyong> has helped those Member States to have a clear focus on measures to bringdown ong>theong> incidence rate ong>ofong> occupational accidents.In countries where measures for controlling work-related accidents have beeneffectively implemented prior to ong>theong> ong>strategyong>, ong>theong> relevance ong>ofong> this quantitativetarget has been much lower. The relevance ong>ofong> ong>theong> quantitative target on accidents isalso limited by ong>theong> difficulties in establishing a baseline and measuring progressdue to ong>theong> significant time lag in ong>theong> availability ong>ofong> European level data on standardincidence rates ong>ofong> accidents.The fact that, when it came to occupational diseases, ong>theong>re was no similarquantitative target, has to some extent diverted attention from this important area.ObjectivesThe ong>strategyong> focused on six objectives (or priority areas): Improvement and betterimplementation ong>ofong> OSH legislation, national OSH strategies, promotion ong>ofong> apreventive culture, confronting new and increasing risks, monitoring/assessment ong>ofong>progress made, and international cooperation. The ong>evaluationong> shows that ong>theong>se havebeen relevant, with some more relevant than oong>theong>rs.› The importance ong>ofong> focusing on national strategies has been confirmed by ong>theong>ong>evaluationong>. The need for flexibility, and consultation with national socialhttp://projects.cowiportal.com/ps/A019055/Documents/3 Project documents/Interim and final report/Final report October 2012/OSH ong>evaluationong>report_Final_submitted14 March 2013.docx

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