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evaluation of the european strategy on safety and health at work ...

evaluation of the european strategy on safety and health at work ...

EVALUATION OF THE

EVALUATION OF THE EUROPEAN STRATEGY ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 2007-20121877.1.6 ConsistencyQ10: To what extent have ong>theong> different elements ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>strategyong> been included or activelypromoted into national employment/ public health/ education / environmental policies?Q11: To what extent have ong>theong> different elements ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>strategyong> been included or activelypromoted into oong>theong>r EU policy areas?Limited actualintegration withEU2020The ong>evaluationong> shows that ong>theong> objectives and priorities ong>ofong> ong>theong> European ong>strategyong> areconsistent with ong>theong> Europe 2020 ong>strategyong> and ong>theong> objective ong>ofong> “an inclusive highemploymentsociety” and ong>theong> target ong>ofong> reaching 75% employment by 2020. OSHcan be seen as an important instrument for achieving ong>theong> goals ong>ofong> inclusive growthand better quality ong>ofong> jobs. However, ong>theong> latest report, providing guidance toMember States on ong>theong> National Reform Programmes, does not mentionoccupational health and safety as part ong>ofong> ong>theong> drive towards increasing labour marketparticipation.Thus, while ong>theong>oretically ong>theong>re is a high degree ong>ofong> consistency between ong>theong> ong>strategyong>and EU2020, in practise ong>theong> integration ong>ofong> OSH policy into EU2020 policy hasbeen very limited.Good consistencywith public healthpolicyLimited degree ong>ofong>consistency withoong>theong>r areasConsistency atMember State levelAs regards public health, ong>theong> degree ong>ofong> coherence between public health and healthand safety at work is high. Initiatives have been taken in ong>theong> areas ong>ofong> tobacco in ong>theong>work place and mental health (wellbeing). There is consensus that work has beeneffectively carried out to integrate health promotion issues into ong>theong> general OSHframework, although less so with mental ill-health aspects, especially in relation tointegrating those with mental health problems into ong>theong> workplace.The findings ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>evaluationong> point to a limited degree ong>ofong> active promotion andintegration between ong>theong> European ong>strategyong> and oong>theong>r key policy areas.Mainstreaming ong>ofong> OSH has taken place to a limited extent with environmentalpolicies (REACH, industrial air emissions, etc.); employment policies (but not asmuch as could have been expected); fisheries; research; regional policy; and publicprocurement. It has not happened with oong>theong>r relevant EU policy areas such asagricultural development; education; or migration.The desk study ong>ofong> national strategies shows that Member States have, to a largeextent, considered ong>theong> need for coherence with oong>theong>r policies in ong>theong>ir strategies. Thework on ong>theong> national ong>strategyong> and ong>theong> European ong>strategyong> has inspired MemberStates to take a more holistic view on OSH than would oong>theong>rwise have been ong>theong>case.This ong>evaluationong> has not encompassed a review ong>ofong> individual policy documents fromoong>theong>r policy areas in ong>theong> Member States to assess ong>theong> specificities ong>ofong> policycoherence. There is concrete data to suggest that Member States are workingactively to mainstream OSH into education and training policies. Oong>theong>r policyareas mentioned during interviews with Member State stakeholders are, inparticular, employment policies and public health policies. However, when askedto identify particularly successful areas ong>ofong> ong>theong>ir national strategies, stakeholdersfrom Member States rarely put forward examples ong>ofong> successful results achieveddue to coherence with oong>theong>r policy areas.http://projects.cowiportal.com/ps/A019055/Documents/3 Project documents/Interim and final report/Final report October 2012/OSH ong>evaluationong>-report_Final_submitted 14 March2013.docx

188 EVALUATION OF THE EUREVALUATION OF THE EUROPEAN STRATEGY ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 2007-20121887.1.7 European added valueQ12: To what extent has ong>theong> ong>strategyong> contributed to achieve broad policy goals,comparing EU action to action conducted at national level? Which were ong>theong> limits ong>theong>re, ifany?Q13: Were ong>theong> actions/actors identified appropriate?The ong>evaluationong> shows that European added value has been derived from ong>theong>implementation ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>strategyong>.European added value has, in particular, been found in relation to nationalstrategies. The European ong>strategyong> has supported and promoted national ong>strategyong>development and ong>theong>reby contributed to additional national strategies and improvednational strategies compared to a situation without ong>theong> European ong>strategyong>. This hasalso contributed towards better implementation ong>ofong> legislation and thus, ong>theong> broaderpolicy goal ong>ofong> harmonising and securing a level playing field across ong>theong> EU-27.However, ong>theong>re are still challenges in respect to implementation ong>ofong> ong>theong> legislation.The ong>strategyong> has provided ong>theong> policy basis for EU-level action by ong>theong> fairly largenumber ong>ofong> stakeholders and institutions involved. European added value has thusbeen generated through providing a common sense ong>ofong> direction for ong>theong> EUinstitutions and giving more focus to ong>theong> work done. However, ong>theong> potentials havenot been fully realised. Most importantly:› The ong>strategyong> has not provided a full framework for integration ong>ofong> OSH intooong>theong>r policy areas. The OSH policy area has important potential interfaces andlinks to oong>theong>r policy areas, notably EU 2020, public health and ong>theong>environment (REACH regulation in particular, but also education and lifelonglearning). While ong>theong> ong>strategyong> calls for some activities in ong>theong> public healtharea and ong>theong>se have been effectively implemented (ref. consistency above), ong>theong>framework for cooperation and integration with ong>theong> policy areas and activitiesong>ofong> various Commission services has been quite narrow and ong>theong>re remains ascope for improving this in a future ong>strategyong>.› The ong>strategyong> does not fully integrate all ong>theong> actors and ong>theong>ir potentialcontributions. E.g. an actor such as Eurong>ofong>ound are hardly mentioned and someactors already mentioned in ong>theong> ong>strategyong>, including EU institutions, areimplementing various relevant actions not included in ong>theong> ong>strategyong>, e.g. EU-OSHA is active in a range ong>ofong> areas mentioned under ong>theong> ong>strategyong>.› The European social partners felt limited ownership towards ong>theong> ong>strategyong> andit is questionable wheong>theong>r ong>theong> ong>strategyong> led ong>theong>m to implement any actions thatwould not oong>theong>rwise have been implemented.The development ong>ofong> ong>theong> OiRA tool and ong>theong> implementation ong>ofong> measures to ensuretransnational exchange ong>ofong> experience and good practises have been valuable to ong>theong>Member States and are thus key areas where EU-level action has contributed tocreating European added value. However, EU-level guidance on ong>theong>implementation ong>ofong> directives has had limited impact and ong>theong> role and value-addedong>ofong> this guidance in relation to national guidance is unclear.http://projects.cowiportal.com/ps/A019055/Documents/3 Project documents/Interim and final report/Final report October 2012/OSH ong>evaluationong>report_Final_submitted14 March 2013.docx

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