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evaluation of the european strategy on safety and health at work ...

evaluation of the european strategy on safety and health at work ...

EVALUATION OF THE

EVALUATION OF THE EUROPEAN STRATEGY ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 2007-2012189The area ong>ofong> research into existing and new risks seems to be an obvious area forEU-level action, as ong>theong> Member States could benefit from ong>theong> economies ong>ofong> scale ong>ofong>a combined effort, raong>theong>r than having individual actions at ong>theong> Member State level.To some extent this has been achieved, as called for in ong>theong> ong>strategyong>, through ong>theong>activities ong>ofong> ong>theong> EU-OSHA Risk Observatory and ong>theong> New OSH ERA initiativeunder FP7. However, ong>theong>re has been a certain level ong>ofong> duplication ong>ofong> effort andong>theong>re are oong>theong>r important actors in this area (e.g. Eurong>ofong>ound) not mentioned veryclearly (if at all) in ong>theong> ong>strategyong>. It thus seems that ong>theong> potentials for achievingEuropean added value in this area have not been fully utilised.7.2 Recommendations7.2.1 Need for a new ong>strategyong>The first issue to address is wheong>theong>r a new ong>strategyong> should be developed, orwheong>theong>r DG EMPL should bring such EU action to a halt and/or just rely on ong>theong>continuation ong>ofong> initiatives contained in ong>theong> present ong>strategyong>.Recommendation 1: The Commission should develop a new, future ong>strategyong> inorder to furong>theong>r exploit ong>theong> potential for creating European added-valueContinued EU policy action on OSH is relevant for a number reasons. Even thoughprogress has been achieved during ong>theong> current ong>strategyong> period, ong>theong>re is still a needto address OSH issues and problems, which are prevalent throughout ong>theong> EU. It isevident that OSH policy intervention carries important economic benefits and hasong>theong> potential to support and strengong>theong>n ong>theong> implementation ong>ofong> EU2020. Furong>theong>r, ong>theong>experience from implementing ong>theong> current ong>strategyong> shows that ong>theong> ong>strategyong> hasprovided European added value by providing a common frame ong>ofong> reference for ong>theong>actions ong>ofong> ong>theong> many actors involved in OSH policy in Europe and by driving andinspiring ong>theong> development ong>ofong> national strategies. Likewise, ong>theong> ong>strategyong> has alsoadded value by providing tools, research and good practises at ong>theong> European level,to ong>theong> benefit ong>ofong> ong>theong> Member States. However, ong>theong> ong>evaluationong> also finds thatEuropean added value has not been optimised under ong>theong> current ong>strategyong> and it hasshown several weaknesses in ong>theong> format and implementation ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>strategyong>. Inorder to address ong>theong>se weaknesses, it is assessed that it is appropriate to develop anew ong>strategyong>.Recommendation 2: The Commission should - until ong>theong> new ong>strategyong> has beendeveloped - continue to implement ong>theong> initiatives ong>ofong> ong>theong> present ong>strategyong>Although many ong>ofong> ong>theong> planned actions under ong>theong> current ong>strategyong> have beenimplemented, ong>theong>re are still important gaps in what has been achieved and it iswidely recognised that ong>theong>se should continue to be addressed. Secondly, as laterrecommendations reflect, ong>theong>re are issues that should be treated differently in ong>theong>new ong>strategyong> compared with ong>theong> present one, and it will take some work and time todo this properly. It is important ong>theong>refore, to maintain ong>theong> momentum ong>ofong> actionachieved during ong>theong> current ong>strategyong>, and ensure that ongoing initiatives arecontinued during this interim period between strategies.http://projects.cowiportal.com/ps/A019055/Documents/3 Project documents/Interim and final report/Final report October 2012/OSH ong>evaluationong>-report_Final_submitted 14 March2013.docx

190 EVALUATION OF THE EUREVALUATION OF THE EUROPEAN STRATEGY ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 2007-20121907.2.2 Contents ong>ofong> a new ong>strategyong>Regarding ong>theong> contents ong>ofong> a new ong>strategyong>, we have ong>theong> following recommendations.Overall aims andhorizontalprinciples:Recommendation 3: The Commission should extend ong>theong> rationale ong>ofong> a newong>strategyong> to focus more on ong>theong> contribution to EU2020.EU2020, ong>theong> push for fiscal austerity and ong>theong> smart regulation agendas are elementswhich frame ong>theong> development ong>ofong> any policy area in ong>theong> EU. There is evidence tosupport ong>theong> argument that OSH policy (both at ong>theong> societal and individual companylevel) can create benefits which exceed ong>theong> costs. This underlines ong>theong> significanceong>ofong> seeing a new ong>strategyong> as a positive and obvious ingredient in policies aimed atensuring competiveness, productiveness and growth and ong>ofong> designing it to befocused and cost-efficient in terms ong>ofong> contributing to ong>theong> EU2020 objectives.To help achieve this it is recommended that ong>theong> overall aim ong>ofong> ong>theong> new ong>strategyong>should be to support ong>theong> EU2020 aim ong>ofong> smarter, more sustainable and moreinclusive growth by reducing ong>theong> cost to society ong>ofong> occupational ill-health andinjury and supporting ong>theong> aim ong>ofong> increased employment across all demographicgroups.This will position ong>theong> OHS ong>strategyong> more clearly within ong>theong> mainstream ong>ofong>community policies and help to create a more coherent approach to communityactions.Recommendation 4: The new ong>strategyong> should be based on a clear and coherentframework ong>ofong> overall aims, objectives and actions and should provide aframework for coordinated actionThe ong>evaluationong> shows that although ong>theong>re have been no major contradictions in ong>theong>framework ong>ofong> ong>theong> current ong>strategyong>, ong>theong>re have been limitations in respect to ong>theong>ong>strategyong>'s internal coherence. The ong>strategyong> focuses on overall objectives and actionsand less on ong>theong> steps in between. Not all objectives ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>strategyong> have ong>theong>character ong>ofong> actual objectives and some areas ong>ofong> action are mentioned in severalplaces leading to a level ong>ofong> diffusion and uncertainty in regard to ong>theong> priorities.Furong>theong>rmore, although ong>theong> current ong>strategyong> has shown ong>theong> benefits ong>ofong> coordinatingong>theong> actions ong>ofong> ong>theong> many stakeholders involved and integration between policy areasclosely related to OSH, ong>theong> ong>evaluationong> also finds that ong>theong>re is scope forstrengong>theong>ning this framework.Therefore, for ong>theong> development ong>ofong> a new ong>strategyong>, ong>theong> following is recommended.› To consider carefully ong>theong> hierarchy ong>ofong> objectives in ong>theong> design ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>strategyong>and to take a point ong>ofong> departure in a limited number ong>ofong> objectives and strategicpriorities, which will ong>theong>n guide ong>theong> underlying framework ong>ofong> intermediateobjectives and actions.› To include an annual action planning framework in ong>theong> ong>strategyong>. Consideringong>theong> long-term time scale ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>strategyong>, it is not relevant to set out detailedhttp://projects.cowiportal.com/ps/A019055/Documents/3 Project documents/Interim and final report/Final report October 2012/OSH ong>evaluationong>report_Final_submitted14 March 2013.docx

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