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evaluation of the european strategy on safety and health at work ...

evaluation of the european strategy on safety and health at work ...

EVALUATION OF THE

EVALUATION OF THE EUROPEAN STRATEGY ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 2007-201277on its content. An example ong>ofong> this is Sweden. Here ong>theong> representative ong>ofong> ong>theong>employees argued that ong>theong>y used ong>theong> European ong>strategyong> to push for ong>theong> developmentong>ofong> a Swedish national ong>strategyong>. However, ong>theong> European ong>strategyong> has had littleinfluence on ong>theong> specific content ong>ofong> ong>theong> Swedish ong>strategyong>.The fourth group concerns countries where ong>theong> EU ong>strategyong> has been a clear driverfor development ong>ofong> a national ong>strategyong> and where it is unlikely that a nationalong>strategyong> would have been developed without ong>theong> European ong>strategyong>. Interviewees inong>theong>se countries have emphasised ong>theong> importance ong>ofong> ong>theong> EU ong>strategyong> for puttingOSH both at ong>theong> Community and national agenda, and that politicians have had toact on this due to ong>theong> EU ong>strategyong>. These countries include e.g. Austria and Spain.Also, several ong>ofong> ong>theong> new Member States had a ong>strategyong> following ong>theong> first EUong>strategyong> on OSH, but ong>theong>y still emphasise ong>theong> importance ong>ofong> ong>theong> EU ong>strategyong> tokeep this issue on ong>theong> national agenda, e.g. Slovakia, Slovenia and ong>theong> CzechRepublic.Overall, across ong>theong> three latter groups, stakeholders at Member State level haveemphasised that ong>theong> European ong>strategyong> is an important political landmark which hasput pressure on national policy makers to take up action in ong>theong> field and thus hasbeen an important driver for ong>theong> development ong>ofong> national strategies and nationalaction. It has contributed towards creating an overall framework for action.Stakeholders emphasised that ong>theong> EU ong>strategyong> has helped to make ong>theong> nationalstrategies more specific and operational. In some member states, e.g. Bulgaria, ong>theong>EU ong>strategyong> has helped to take ong>theong> national ong>strategyong> to a more strategic level. Inoong>theong>r countries as e.g. Portugal and Estonia almost all elements ong>ofong> ong>theong> Europeanong>strategyong> are included in ong>theong> national ong>strategyong>.The European ong>strategyong> has also had an influence on ong>theong> process ong>ofong> developing ong>theong>national ong>strategyong>. The European ong>strategyong> underlined ong>theong> importance ong>ofong> ong>theong> tripartitedialogue and this encouraged ong>theong> use ong>ofong> already existing tripartite structures andforums for discussion and agreement ong>ofong> national strategies. According tostakeholders in, for example, Slovakia and Spain, ong>theong> tripartite involvement at bothEU and national level has increased ong>theong> ownership by and commitment ong>ofong> ong>theong>stakeholders.4.3.2 Objectives and priorities in national strategies anddegree ong>ofong> coherence with ong>theong> European ong>strategyong>During ong>theong> desk study ong>ofong> ong>theong> national strategies, each ong>strategyong> was reviewed withregard to ong>theong> types ong>ofong> targets and priority areas included within ong>theong>m.Targets ong>ofong> nationalstrategiesThe Scoreboard 2009 showed that 20 out ong>ofong> ong>theong> 25 Member States with a ong>strategyong>or oong>theong>r comparable measure had measurable targets related to ong>theong> national OSHong>strategyong>/plans 79 .79 Scoreboard 2009, p. 19.http://projects.cowiportal.com/ps/A019055/Documents/3 Project documents/Interim and final report/Final report October 2012/OSH ong>evaluationong>-report_Final_submitted 14 March2013.docx

78 EVALUATION OF THE EUREVALUATION OF THE EUROPEAN STRATEGY ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 2007-201278Table 4-13 shows ong>theong> results ong>ofong> ong>theong> desk studies ong>ofong> national strategies and ong>theong> typesong>ofong> targets included. Of ong>theong> 26 80 Member States with a ong>strategyong> or comparablemeasures, half ong>ofong> ong>theong> Member States have included specific targets on reduction ong>ofong>workplace accidents in ong>theong>ir national ong>strategyong>. Only seven ong>ofong> ong>theong>se countries haveadopted ong>theong> objective ong>ofong> a 25% reduction in accordance with ong>theong> overall goal ong>ofong> ong>theong>Community Strategy – this includes Belgium, Cyprus and ong>theong> Czech Republic.Latvia has modified it somehow with a 30% reduction target for lethal accidents atwork per 100'000 in 2013 as compared to 2007 data. Some Member States, such asong>theong> Neong>theong>rlands and Sweden, have not been favourable to ong>theong> target and have notincluded it in ong>theong>ir strategies. The relevance ong>ofong> this target is clearly regarded ashigher in Member States with a relatively higher incidence ong>ofong> accidents.Member States have different modus operandi. Regarding Spain for instance, ong>theong>reare no targets in ong>theong> ong>strategyong> as such. However, according to interviewees specifictargets are stated in ong>theong> bi-annual action plans.Table 4-13Specific targets in ong>theong> national strategiesType ong>ofong> specific targetYes according toScoreboard 2009YesThis ong>evaluationong>NoReduction ong>ofong> workplace accidents 18 13 13Reduction ong>ofong> work-related diseases 81 9 5 21Occupational risk factors 7 8 18Source: Based on Scoreboard 2009, Q02.6 and Q02.7 and data derived from desk studies ong>ofong>26 current national strategies. Luxembourg is not included as this country does not have anational ong>strategyong>.The table shows that, compared to ong>theong> Scoreboard 2009, less countries havecurrently included specific targets on reduction ong>ofong> workplace accidents andreduction ong>ofong> work related diseases. Regarding ong>theong> reduction ong>ofong> workplaceaccidents, only 13 out ong>ofong> 26 countries with a ong>strategyong> or comparable measures havespecific targets compared to 18 according to ong>theong> Scoreboard 2009.The strategies ong>ofong> Austria, France, Greece, Hungary, ong>theong> Neong>theong>rlands and ong>theong> UnitedKingdom do not have specific targets on reduction ong>ofong> workplace accidents, whereasong>theong> Scoreboard 2009 stated that ong>theong>se countries' strategies had such targets. Thisdifference is partly due to countries elaborating new strategies since 2009 wherethis is not included. For instance, ong>theong> new French ong>strategyong> adopted in 2010 does notcontain specific targets while ong>theong> preceding ong>strategyong> (2005-2009) did containtargets regarding ong>theong> reduction ong>ofong> occupational accidents, MSDs and exposure tophysical and chemical agents. However, during ong>theong> preparatory phase ong>ofong> ong>theong> currentStrategy it was decided that quantitative objectives were not appropriate as it was80 Luxembourg not included as no ong>strategyong>.81 In Scoreboard 2009 ong>theong>re is a distinction between occupational diseases and work-relatedhealth problems and diseases. This distinction is not made here.http://projects.cowiportal.com/ps/A019055/Documents/3 Project documents/Interim and final report/Final report October 2012/OSH ong>evaluationong>report_Final_submitted14 March 2013.docx

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