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Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning ...

Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning ...

5.0 Developing

5.0 Developing Adaptation Measures5.1.1 Improve local managementThe key to the protection of coastal wetlands suchas mangroves is engagement of local communitiesin their sustainable management, facilitated byaccessible technical support and effective legislation(Ellison, 2009b). Community support for adaptationactions can be improved by education and capacitybuilding, which are core tasks for many conservationinstitutions and agencies. Education and outreachprograms are an investment to bring about changesin attitudes and behavior and attitudes by having acommunity that is better informed about the valueof mangroves and associated ecosystems. Such anincrease in public knowledge of the importance ofmangroves helps a community to make more informeddecisions about the use of their mangrove resources,and results in grass-roots support and increasedpolitical will for measures to conserve and sustainablymanage mangroves.Awareness-building and education of community membersimproves the sustainable use of mangrove resources,helps to reduce direct human impacts and buildscapacity to adapt to climate change. These actions canbe carried out through meetings, workshops, reconnaissancesurveys of the mangroves that involve communitymembers and a range of other engagement activities.Community awareness-building is generally bestfocused on the following actions:• Demonstrating mangrove values to thecommunity: The mangrove values conceptdiagram (Figure 2) and supporting informationcan be used or adapted.• Explaining sustainable use of mangroves: Themangrove condition assessment and identificationof impacts from subsection 3.2.1 can be used.• Climate change adaptation actions from elsewherein Section 5, particularly mangrove rehabilitation.Increasing awareness can use approaches that areadaptable, opportunistic and guided by the cultureand history of engagement in the area. In Fiji, thiswas facilitated through the traditional welcome andfarewell ceremonies of the villages as various WWFFigure 46. Traditional welcome ceremony at Tikina Wai, Fiji.project staff visited to carry out work. During theseceremonies, the chair of the Tikina Wai ResourceManagement Committee and the village chief madespeeches to community members about the goals of theproject and the importance of the mangroves (Figure46), which were also were featured in media coverage.In Tanzania, after awareness meetings had begun inRufiji Delta villages, local football teams offered to helpbuild awareness in exchange for the sponsorship offootballs and shirts. The teams took short charity walksaround a village (Figure 47) singing songs, including –Photo: Jonathan CookPhoto: Frank SimaFigure 47. Homeboys Football club jogging and singing amangrove song in a Rufiji Delta village (from Sima, 2010).88 | Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning for Mangrove Systems

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