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BONUS_review_2012_13

BONUS_review_2012_13

COCOA – Nutrient

COCOA – Nutrient cocktails in coastal zonesImproving understanding of the transformation and retentionof nutrients and organic matter in the coastal zoneEUR 4 million, duration: 4 yearsEutrophication caused by excessivedischarges of nutrients from land is thelargest ecological problem in the BalticSea. Consequences are large blooms ofnoxious cyanobacteria in summer and anunprecedented large dead zone extendingmore than 60,000 km 2 , equivalent tothe size of Latvia. Nutrient reductions arerequired to reestablish a healthy BalticSea, as acknowledged in the Baltic Sea ActionPlan. The coastal zone constitutes animportant filter regulating nutrient inputsFurther information: www.bonusportal.org/cocoafrom land to the open sea. Nutrients aretransformed and removed in a complexmosaic of processes by microbial communities,plants and animals with environmentalconditions, such as salinity andoxygen concentrations, modulating theprocess rates. The project COCOA will investigatehow these nutrient processes areregulated across different coastal zonesaround the Baltic Sea and how nutrient retentioncan be improved through coastalzone management.Project partners• Denmark: Aarhus University (Coordinating partner,coordinator Jacob Carstensen); Technical University ofDenmark, Kongens Lyngby• Finland: Åbo Akademi University, Turku; FinnishEnvironment Institute, Helsinki; University of Helsinki• Germany: Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea ResearchWarnemünde, Rostock• Lithuania: Marine Science and Technology Center,Klaipėda University• The Netherlands: Utrecht University• Poland: University of Gdańsk• Russia: Zoological Institute of Russian Academy ofSciences, St. Petersburg• Sweden: Lund University; Stockholm University;University of Gothenburg; Swedish Meteorological andHydrological Institute, NorrköpingPolicy links: HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan, EU MarineStrategy Framework Directive, EU Water FrameworkDirectiveINSPIRE – Integrating spatial processes into ecosystemmodels for sustainable utilisation of fish resourcesEUR 3.6 million, duration: 4 yearsFurther information: www.bonusportal.org/inspireProcess-based understanding of changesin spatial distributions of commercialfish, disentangling the role of naturaldrivers and various human induced impactsform the challenging topic for theresearch project INSPIRE. The projectsets out to fill in the most persistent gapsin knowledge of the spatial ecolology ofthe major commercial fish and therebysupport the effectiveness of the relevantpolicies and ecosystem-based managementof the Baltic Sea. The project aimsto serve as ‘a framework axis project’ towhich other Baltic Sea research could linkto. INSPIRE is designed to substantially advanceour knowledge on the major commercialfish species in the Baltic Sea (cod,herring, sprat and flounder) that togetherform more than 95% of the commercialcatches, and represent key elements of theBaltic Sea ecosystems.Project participants:• Estonia: Estonian Marine Institute, University of Tartu(coordinating partner, coordinator Henn Ojaveer)• Denmark: National Institute of Aquatic Resources,Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby• Finland: Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute,Helsinki• Germany: Thünen Institute for Baltic Sea Fisheries, Rostock;Institute for Hydrobiology and Fisheries Science, Universityof Hamburg; Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel• Latvia: Institute of Food Safety, Animal Health andEnvironment, Riga• Poland: National Marine Fisheries Research Institute,Gdynia• Sweden: Lund University; Stockholm University; SwedishUniversity of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala; UppsalaUniversity, Campus Gotland, VisbyPolicy links: HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan,EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive,EU Common Fisheries PolicySOILS2SEA – Reducing nutrient loadings fromagricultural soils to the Baltic Sea via groundwater and streamsEUR 3.3 million, duration: 4 yearsBoth the Baltic Sea Action Plan and the EU WaterFramework Directive requires substantial furtherreductions of nutrient loads (N and P) to theBaltic Sea during the coming years. Achievementsof these goals will only be possible by the implementationof fundamental changes in agriculturalpractices and land use. This will require the introductionof additional new and innovative measures,because the easiest applicable measures have, inmost cases, already been utilised. SOILS2SEA proposesto exploit the fact that the retention (removalby biogeochemical processes or sedimentation) ofnutrients in groundwater and surface water systemsshows a significant spatial variation, depending onFurther information: www.bonusportal.org/soils2seathe local hydrogeological and riverine regime toachieve the goals for nutrient load reduction set outin the Baltic Sea Action Plan. If we more accuratelycan predict where in a catchment N and P are retainedby estimating the retention in the differentcompartments along the flow path, and also includethe delayed effects of mitigation measures due tolong solute travel times in groundwater, then wecan more cost-effectively design measures to reducethe nutrient loads to the Baltic Sea. Besides the needfor improved knowledge on the subsurface andnutrient transport and retention processes on a localscale, this calls for new innovative governance regimeswith active involvement of key stakeholders.Project partners• Denmark: Geological Survey ofDenmark and Greenland, Copenhagen(coordinating partner, coordinator JensChristian Refsgaard); Aarhus University;Sorbisense, Tjele• Germany: Ecologic Institute, Berlin• Poland: AGH University of Science andTechnology, Krakow• Russia: Atlantic Branch of P.P.ShirshovInstitute of Oceanology of the RussianAcademy of Sciences, Kaliningrad• Sweden: KTH Royal Institute of Technology,Stockholm; Swedish Meteorological andHydrological Institute, NorrköpingPolicy links: HELCOM Baltic Sea ActionPlan, EU Marine Strategy FrameworkDirective, EU Water Framework Directive12| BONUS review 2012–2013

BONUS is supported by national research funding institutionsin the eight EU member states around the Baltic Sea and theEU Research Framework Programme. Scientists from Russiaparticipate in BONUS through bilateral agreements.Fax +358 9 4780 0044Email bonus@bonuseeig.fiWeb www.bonusportal.orgBONUS Publication No. 14BONUS strategic research agenda 2011–2017, update 2014• By the end of the first full year of implementation ofBONUS, the updating of the BONUS strategic researchagenda was completed and published in the first daysof January 2014, just in time to serve as the basis for theBONUS calls opening in 2014.In September 2012, the first step towards updatingthe research agenda began the work of identifying over80 regional, European and global parallel marine/maritimepolicy processes of relevance. Within, numerouscrossing points emerged that either currently have orpotentially could create win-win situations in shapingthe management action towards sustainable ecosystemgoods and services.In October 2012, a consultation with the HELCOMGroup for Implementation of Ecosystem Approach(HELCOM GEAR) as well as with other relevantexperts were carried out or initiated.In early March 2013, the policy framework analysiswas published at the combined third BONUS Forumand the joint BONUS-HELCOM stakeholder conference.With the policy framework analysis distributedas a background material, the participants of the conferencewere invited to contribute to the updating ofthe strategic research agenda.From April 2013 onwards, a dedicated internationaldrafting team formed by experts of their field, reviewedcarefully the five strategic objectives of the researchagenda and proposed amendments reflecting thecurrent and future knowledge demands. This reviewalso considered all the earlier consultations andcontributions, as well as the outcome of the BONUS call2012 and the themes covered by the successful projects.10–11 September 2013, the drafting team’s detailedreview was brought to Tallinn to the BONUS strategicorientation workshop. The scientific community andother key stakeholders, representatives of the nationalfunding agencies and the European Commission providedthe final contributions to the update.25 November 2013, the BONUS Steering Committeeapproved the final version of the agenda’s updateand it was prepared for publishing online and in hardcopies.As a result of the updating process, more emphasisis now put on the necessity of achieving sustainabilityof coastal and marine ecosystem services. This positionsthe BONUS research programme as a generatorof new crucial knowledge not only for protection of theenvironment of the Baltic Sea and its drainage basin,but in equal degree also to many various sectors of economicactivities.To obtain a copy, contact the BONUS Secretariator download from the BONUS website atwww.bonusportal.org/sra.Hakaniemenranta 600530 HelsinkiFinlandTel. +358 40 040 4011Strategic research agenda 2011–2017, update 2014The joint Baltic Sea research and development programmeiStockBONUS review 2012–2013 | 13

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