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BONUS_review_2012_13

BONUS_review_2012_13

An urgent need for

An urgent need for efficient solutionsto sustain the health of the Baltic Sea ecosystem• Despite the environmental protection efforts thatstretch already across several decades, the countriessurrounding the Baltic Sea have yet to find efficientsolutions to sustain the health of the Baltic Sea ecosystem.Current and emerging environmental and sustainabilitychallenges in the Baltic Sea are as many asare the related knowledge needs.Key challenges range from ‘evaluating and developingrelevant policies and collective governance‘ to‘adapting to a more sustainable way of living‘; and from‘adapting to the effects of climate change‘ to ‘restoringgood environmental status of the Baltic Sea and itscoasts‘.Although ambitious, the vision of BONUS appearsthe only thinkable goal for today’s responsible societywhich strives to save the planet for the future generations.In order to move towards a truly sustainable BalticSea region, the most cost-efficient solutions need to beknown as do the political and social conditions that allowdistribution of management and remedial costs ina feasible and balanced way in relation to other livingcosts.There is a crying need for tools and mechanismsthat support the much required change of modern lifestylestowards a more sustainable way of living.The understanding of the linkages between thestructure and functioning of the Baltic Sea ecosystemand various human activities within the Baltic Seadrainage area and coast is critical.Critically important is also to ensure effective harnessingof the advantages of the newest technologiesin order to satisfy ever increasing needs of marine andmaritime information.BONUS visionEconomically and ecologically prosperous Baltic Sea regionwhere resources and goods are used sustainably and wherethe long-term management of the region is based on soundknowledge derived from multidisciplinary research.BONUS objectiveTo integrate the Baltic Sea system research intoa durable, cooperative, interdisciplinary andfocused multinational programme in support ofthe region’s sustainable development.Pekka Tuuri4| BONUS review 2012–2013

“At the time of pressure on public investments, BONUS is a good example ofsuccessful international research coordination and cooperation that does notlimit itself just to marine and maritime issues but also covers agriculture andother human induced issues relevant to the fragile state of the Baltic Sea.”Lithuanian Minister of Education and Science, Mr. Dainius Pavalkisat the BONUS European Parliamentary event, Brussels, 26 November 2013BONUS generates knowledge and know-howfor the benefit of sustainable Baltic Sea regionThe main aim of BONUS is to respond to the unsustainablesituation by generating knowledge and providingnecessary know-how in support of knowledgebasedgovernance and long-term solutions beneficial tothe Baltic Sea region.While a joint, interdisciplinary and macroregionalresearch effort is in the core of the BONUS programme,it draws also from and complements the nationalresearch programmes of the EU member statesof Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania,Poland and Sweden as well as the ninth Baltic Seacoastal state, Russia.It is important for BONUS to continue to intensify itsjoint work with relevant stakeholders, including policymakers and government officials, and defining togetherwith them knowledge needs. Equally important is forBONUS to provide continuous opportunity of participationto different end-users in identifying knowledgegaps, shaping the strategic research agenda, and this wayexploiting the outcomes of the BONUS effort in full.BONUS members:HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan and integratedapproaches of the European Union underpin BONUSWork of BONUS is carried out, in particular, in support ofthe HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan and integrated policyapproaches of the European Union, such as the IntegratedMaritime Policy and its environmental pillar the MarineStrategy Framework Directive, the Water FrameworkDirective, and the newly issued proposal for the EUFramework Directive on Maritime Spatial Planning andIntegrated Coastal Management aiming at employing anecosystem-based approach.Horizon 2020The EU’s next framework programme for research andinnovation, the Horizon 2020 (2014-2020), is set to generateexcellence in science, create industrial leadership and tacklesocietal challenges. It aims at increasing the societal impactof combined research and innovation for the benefit of theEuropean citizens. In the Baltic Sea regional scale, BONUS is aforerunner in implementing many principles of the Horizon2020, in particular through the innovation call opened jointlywith the flagship project of the EU Strategy for the Baltic SeaRegion, BSR Stars.BONUS phases to date:• BONUS ERA-NET (2003–2008) was a joint project by 12 research funding and coordinating agencies around the Baltic Sea setup to develop preconditions for a joint Baltic Sea research programme (i.e. BONUS).• BONUS+ (2009–2011) tested the mechanisms of collaboration among the national funding institutions. A total of 16 projectsinvolving over 100 research institutes and universities were funded (EUR 22 million).• BONUS (2010–2017) was started by the BONUS member states together with the EU and launched officially in September2010 by a co-decision of the European Parliament and the European Council. Between years 2012 and 2014 sought for arecompetitive, cross-disciplinary and transnational top research and innovation projects worth up to EUR 100 million.BONUS review 2012–2013 | 5

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